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Chinese Journal of Cancer ; (12): 254-263, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-349595


<p><b>INTRODUCTION</b>Transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) plus thermal ablation has been widely used recently in the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). In this study, we aimed to compare results of the combination of TACE and percutaneous thermal ablation with those of hepatectomy in patients with HCC.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical data of 137 HCC patients who sequentially received TACE and computed tomography (CT)-guided percutaneous thermal ablation as an initial curative treatment (combination group) and 148 matched HCC patients who received hepatectomy (surgery group) between 2004 and 2011 were collected and analyzed. After TACE, multiphase contrast-enhanced CT was performed to identify the total number of tumors as well as lipiodol deposition in the liver. Survival was calculated by using the Kaplan-Meier method and compared by using the log-rank test. The prognostic factors were assessed with multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression analysis.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Of all 285 patients, 225 (79.0%) had cancerous lesions≤5 cm in diameter. In preoperative contrast-enhanced CT or magnetic resonance imaging, the number of tumors was 1-4 for each patient. The 1-, 3-, and 5-year overall survival rates were 95, 74%, and 67% in the combination group and 88, 66, and 47% in the surgery group, respectively (P=0.004); the corresponding recurrence-free survival rates for the two groups were 92, 69, and 61% and 75, 58, and 44%, respectively (P=0.001). In the multivariate analysis, treatment allocation was an independent prognostic factor for survival. Only 60 patients in the combination group had sufficient imaging data, and 135 new lesions with lipiodol deposition were diagnosed as malignancies in 22 of 60 patients, whereas 20 new lesions were found in 11 of 148 patients in the surgery group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The combination of TACE and CT-guided percutaneous thermal ablation for HCC improves survival of HCC patients compared with hepatectomy.</p>

Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Catheter Ablation , Chemoembolization, Therapeutic , Combined Modality Therapy , Hepatectomy , Humans , Hyperthermia, Induced , Liver Neoplasms , Multivariate Analysis , Prognosis , Survival Rate , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Treatment Outcome
Chinese Journal of Cancer ; (12): 450-458, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-349579


<p><b>INTRODUCTION</b>The current metastatic category (M) of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is a "catch-all" classification, covering a heterogeneous group of tumors ranging from potentially curable to incurable. The aim of this study was to design an M categorization system that could be applied in planning the treatment of NPC with synchronous metastasis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 505 NPC patients diagnosed with synchronous metastasis at Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center between 2000 and 2009 were involved. The associations of clinical variables, metastatic features, and a proposed M categorization system with overall survival (OS) were determined by using Cox regression model.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Multivariate analysis showed that Union for International Cancer Control (UICC) N category (N1-3/N0), number of metastatic lesions (multiple/single), liver involvement (yes/no), radiotherapy to primary tumor (yes/no), and cycles of chemotherapy (>4/≤4) were independent prognostic factors for OS. We defined the following subcategories based on liver involvement and the number of metastatic lesions: M1a, single lesion confined to an isolated organ or location except the liver; M1b, single lesion in the liver and/or multiple lesions in any organs or locations except the liver; and M1c, multiple lesions in the liver. Of the 505 cases, 74 (14.7%) were classified as M1a, 296 (58.6%) as M1b, 134 (26.5%) as M1c, and 1 was not specified. The three M1 subcategories showed significant difference in OS [M1b vs. M1a, hazard ratio (HR) = 1.69, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.16-2.48, P = 0.007; M1c vs. M1a, HR = 2.64, 95% CI = 1.75-3.98, P < 0.001].</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>We developed an M categorization system based on the independent factors related to the prognosis of patients with metastatic NPC. This system may be helpful to further optimize individualized care for NPC patients.</p>

Carcinoma , Humans , Multivariate Analysis , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms , Neoplasm Staging , Prognosis
Chinese Journal of Cancer ; (12): 334-341, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-295845


For patients with unresectable pancreatic cancer, current chemotherapies have negligible survival benefits. Thus, developing effective minimally invasive therapies is currently underway. This study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of transarterial chemoembolization plus radiofrequency ablation and/or 125I radioactive seed implantation on unresectable pancreatic cancer. We analyzed the outcome of 71 patients with unresectable pancreatic carcinoma who underwent chemoembolization plus radiofrequency ablation and/or radioactive seed implantation. Of the 71 patients, the median survival was 11 months, and the 1-, 2-, and 3-year overall survival rates were 32.4%, 9.9%, and 6.6%, respectively. Patients who had no metastasis, who had oligonodular liver metastases (≤3 lesions), and who had multinodular liver metastases (>3 lesions) had median survival of 12, 18, and 8 months, respectively, and 1-year overall survival rates of 50.0%, 68.8%, and 5.7%, respectively. Although the survival of patients without liver metastases was worse than that of patients with oligonodular liver metastasis, the result was not significant (P = 0.239). In contrast, the metastasis-negative patients had significantly better survival than did patients with multinodular liver metastases (P < 0.001). Patients with oligonodular liver lesions had a significant longer median survival than did patients with multinodular lesions (P < 0.001). In conclusion, combined minimally invasive therapies had good efficacy on unresectable pancreatic cancer and resulted in a good control of liver metastases. In addition, the number of liver metastases was a significant factor in predicting prognosis and response to treatment.

Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic , Brachytherapy , Methods , Catheter Ablation , Methods , Chemoembolization, Therapeutic , Methods , Deoxycytidine , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Iodine Radioisotopes , Liver Neoplasms , Radiotherapy , General Surgery , Therapeutics , Lymphatic Metastasis , Male , Middle Aged , Pancreatic Neoplasms , Pathology , Radiotherapy , General Surgery , Therapeutics , Remission Induction , Survival Rate