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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872916

ABSTRACT

Object:To analyze the effect of muscular tension injury in spasticity of cerebral apoplexy(SCA) rats with spasticity and the expression of γ-aminobutyric acid receptor (GABAα), γ-aminobutyric acid transporter (GAT-1) protein and mRNA expression in cerebral cortex modified Shaoyao Gancaotang, electroacupuncture Quchi, Yanglingquan and acupuncture combined with herb therapies alleviate the effect of SCA. Method:Randomly divided into two groups, divided into blank group, sham operation group, model group, modified Shaoyao Gancaotang group, acupuncture combined with herb group, electroacupuncture group, selected qualified SD rats into the group, 9 rats in each group. The modified Zea-Longa thread embolism method+internal capsule injection of NMDA receptor method was used to prepare a rat model. After the behavioral score confirms the success of the model,dispose of each group separately,electroacupuncture group (electroacupuncture on both sides of Yangling Spring and Quchi,1 time/d for 5 days), modified Shaoyao Gancaotang group (with Shaoyao Gancaotang 1 time/d,10 mL·kg-1 for 5 days),acupuncture combined with herb (modified Shaoyao Gancaotang was given, then electroacupuncture treatment was continued for 5 days). After treatment, the muscle tension was detected by behavioral analysis. Real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR(Real-time PCR) and Western blot were used to detect the expression of GABAα and GAT-1 related mRNA and protein in the cortex. Result:Compared with normal group, the muscle tension of the model group increased (P<0.01), the expression of GABAα mRNA and protein decreased (P<0.01), and the expression of GAT-1 mRNA and protein increased (P<0.01), compared with model group, the muscle tone score of the each treatment group decreased (P<0.05), the expression of GABAα mRNA and protein increased (P<0.05,P<0.01), and the expression of GAT-1 mRNA and protein decreased (P<0.05,P<0.01), of which the corresponding expression in the acupuncture combined with herb group was the most significant. Conclusion:Electroacupuncture Quchi, Yanglingquan,modified Shaoyao Gancaotang and acupuncture combined with three therapies can alleviate the muscle tension of limbs spasm of stroke,and the combination of acupuncture and medicine treatment on the cortical γ-aminobutyric acid receptor the highest expression efficiency suggests that it has the best effect on improving the excitatory spasticity of stroke limbs.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690299

ABSTRACT

Objective To preliminarily validate the clinical usability of the ameliorated Kawashima Itch Scale(Xie-Kawashima Itch Scale) among adult pruritic patients on maintenance hemodialysis. Methods Xie-Kawashima Itch Scale was developed on the basis of Kawashima Itch Scale. Patients were asked to record their pruritus condition according to Xie-Kawashima Itch Scale or visual analogue scale(VAS) during daytime and night for two weeks. The record at the second week was used for analyzing the correlation between Xie-Kawashima Itch Scale and VAS. Results Totally 134 patients were enrolled in this study,among whom 128 entered the final analysis. Xie-Kawashima Itch Scale was positively correlated with VAS(r=0.832,95% CI=0.810-0.851,P<0.01 for daytime record;and r=0.848,95% CI=0.828-0.865,P<0.01 for night record). Subgroup analysis also showed similar correlations between different age groups and among different gender groups. Conclusion Xie-Kawashima Itch Scale has good correlation with VAS in patients on hemodialysis,without being affected by age or gender. Thus,it can be a useful tool for the assessment of pruritus in clinical practice and research.

3.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 757-762, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-328159

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Atopic dermatitis (AD) is an inflammatory skin disease characterized by chronic recurrent dermatitis with profound itching. Most patients have personal and/or family history of atopic diseases. Several criteria have been proposed for the diagnosis of AD. Although the clinical features of childhood AD have been widely studied, there has been less large-scale study on adult/adolescent AD. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical features of adult/adolescent patients with chronic symmetrical eczema/AD and to propose Chinese diagnostic criteria for adult/adolescent AD.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A hospital-based study was performed. Forty-two dermatological centers participated in this study. Adult and adolescent patients (12 years and over) with chronic symmetrical eczema or AD were included in this study. Questionnaires were completed by both patients and investigators. The valid questionnaires were analyzed using EpiData 3.1 and SPSS 17.0 software.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A total of 2662 valid questionnaires were collected (1369 male and 1293 female). Of all 2662 patients, 2062 (77.5%) patients had the disease after 12 years old, while only 600 (22.5%) patients had the disease before 12 years old, suggesting late-onset eczema/AD is common. Two thousand one hundred and thirty-nine (80.4%) patients had the disease for more than 6 months. One thousand one hundred and forty-four (43.0%) patients had a personal and/or family history of atopic diseases. One thousand five hundred and forty-eight (58.2%) patients had an elevated total serum IgE and/or eosinophilia and/or positive allergen-specific IgE. Based on these clinical and laboratory features, we proposed Chinese criteria for adult/adolescent AD. Of all 2662 patients, 60.3% were satisfied with our criteria, while only 48.2% satisfied with Hanifin Rajka criteria and 32.7% satisfied with Williams criteria, suggesting a good sensitivity of our criteria in adult/adolescent AD patients.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Late-onset of eczema or AD is common. The clinical manifestations of AD are heterogeneous. We have proposed Chinese diagnostic criteria for adolescent and adult AD, which are simple and sensitive for diagnosis of adult/adolescent AD.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Dermatitis, Atopic , Diagnosis , Allergy and Immunology , Eczema , Diagnosis , Female , Humans , Immunoglobulin E , Blood , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires
4.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1213-1215, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-321689

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze the complete genome sequences of two coxsackievirus B5 (CVB5) isolated in Henan province, 2011.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Specimens were collected from viral encephalitis patients and followed by viral isolation on them. RNA were extracted from positive isolates and the amplified products were sequenced. The full-length genomes of them were acquired by assembling the fragments, using DNAStar 5.01 software while phylogenetic analysis were performed with Mega 5.05 and other software.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The genomes RNA of 03001N and 17Y showed 7408 bp and 7404 bp long, and the 5'- and 3'-untranslated regions were 747 bp, 743 bp and 103 bp, 103 bp, respectively. BLAST analysis of these two isolates, based on the complete genome, showed 97% identity, with both of them having the highest similarity(98%, 99%)to the CVB5 strain isolated from Henan in 2010 rather than other CVB5 strains. Coding regions of both isolates were 6558 bp, code for a polyprotein of 2185 amino acids (aa) and both of them showed 99% amino acid identity. Phylogenetic tree in VP1 region showed that the two isolates belonged to the same clade with other strains isolated from all over the country in the past years, except for some CVB5 strains isolated from Henan and Shandong province in 2009 that formed the other cluster.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>It seemed that more than one group of CVB5 were circulating in Henan province and these two isolates appeared the main epidemic strains circulating in the past years.</p>


Subject(s)
Base Sequence , China , Epidemiology , Encephalitis, Viral , Epidemiology , Virology , Enterovirus B, Human , Classification , Genetics , Genes, Viral , Humans , Phylogeny
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-284366

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effectiveness of pimecrolimus cream 1% for sensitive skin in adult women and its underlying mechanisms.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The changes of subjective symptoms and signs were evaluated before and after the application of pimecrolimus cream 1% based on the severity of pruritus (SP) and severity of burning sensation (SB) scores, and on a basic syntax and molecular substrate (molecular psychophysics) of nociception and proprioception established by temperature-sensitive transient receptor potential (TRP) channels.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The SP and SB scores were significantly decreased in 32 patients with sensitive skin after using topical pimecrolimus cream 1% (P<0.05). Twenty (62.5%) patients showed positive capsaicin-like response (i.e. burning with consequent rapid amelioration of pruritus or burning sensation) and 6 (18.8%) showed positive camphor-like response (i.e. warming with consequent rapid amelioration of pruritus) on application sites after using the topical pimecrolimus cream 1%, and 6 (18.8%) showed negative capsaicin-like response and/or negative camphor-like response.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Pimecrolimus may rapidly inhibit or alleviate itch or burning sensation of patients with sensitive skin. The therapeutic effect of pimecrolimus is relevant to the mechanisms that activate or sensitize transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) and desensitizes TRPV1 in the skin sensory afferents.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Dermatitis, Atopic , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pruritus , Drug Therapy , Skin , TRPV Cation Channels , Metabolism , Tacrolimus , Therapeutic Uses , Young Adult
6.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2883-2887, 2010.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-237397

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Numerous studies have shown that reducing the level of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNFα) through the use of anti-TNF antibodies or soluble TNF receptor is a safe and efficacious treatment to inflammatory diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis. Therefore, novel approaches to achieve this outcome are desired. The aim of this study was to investigate the characterization of a small molecule inhibitor, Y316, which blocks TNF mRNA upregulation and TNF production by lipopolysaccharides (LPS) stimulated monocytes.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from healthy volunteers were plated in 24-well plates and stimulated with LPS (1 µg/ml), phorbol-12-myristate-13-acetate (PMA) (100 ng/ml), zymosan (10 µg/ml) and Tsst (100 ng/ml). Supernatants were collected after 4-hour culture at 37°C, and quantitative determination of TNFα, interleukin-1β (IL-1β), IL-6, IL-8, IL-10 and IL-2 production in the supernatants was performed by colorimetric enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Total RNA of PBMC was isolated and cytokine mRNA quantitation was performed by using a RNA level measuring kit (R & D Systems). PBMC were pretreated with Y316 (10 µmol/L, 1 µmol/L, 0.1 µmol/L, 0.01 µol/L and 0.001 µmol/L) or dimethyl sulfoxide at 37°C for 10 minutes, and then stimulated with LPS or PMA, protein concentrations of p44.42, IKBα, P38 and Jun NH2-terminal kinase were determined by Western blotting. Cyclic adenosine-3',5'-monophosphate (cAMP) of PBMC was measured by enzyme immunoassay kit (Amersham Pharmacia Biotech).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Y316 blocked TNF production and inhibited the upregulation of TNF mRNA levels in response to LPS, and also prevented the production of IL-1 and IL-6. In contrast, Y316 augmented the production of IL-10 in LPS-stimulated monocytes. Y316 failed to prevent the production of IL-2 and TNF in antigen-stimulated T cells, suggesting that its effects may be cell-type specific. Y316 prevented the phosphorylation and activation of the MAPK, ERK, and therefore appeared to mediate its effects on TNF by acting at an early point in the signaling cascade induced in response to LPS. There was no effect of Y316 on cAMP levels either alone or in the presence of LPS.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Y316 appears to be a small molecule inhibiting TNF production, which may act via a novel mechanism. Identification of the target of Y316 may lead to the development of alternative strategies for achieving selective cytokine inhibition.</p>


Subject(s)
Anti-Inflammatory Agents , Pharmacology , Extracellular Signal-Regulated MAP Kinases , Metabolism , Humans , Interleukin-1 , Interleukin-6 , Lipopolysaccharides , Pharmacology , Monocytes , Allergy and Immunology , Phosphorylation , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-259290

ABSTRACT

The temperature-sensitive transient receptor potential (TRP) channels, is also called thermo TRP, including TRPV1, TRPV2, TRPV3, TRPV4, TRPM8 and TRPA1, which are expressed in sensory neurons and non-neuronal cells (e.g.keratinocyte, mast cell) of the skin. Thermo TRP channels are activated/sensitized by physical and chemical mediators, which participate in thermosensation and thermoregulation, so that they are key players in pruritus or pain pathogenesis. Thermo TRP channels are also involved in cutaneous neurogenic inflammation, thus they are regarded as molecular targets for future therapy in skin inflammation, pruritus and pain. In addition, following a basic syntax and molecular substrate of nociception and pruriception established by TRP channels-centered concept, the sensory categories can be distinguished and re-defined. Thermo TRP channels should be taken into account when analyzing the pathogenesis and management of itch or pruritic dermatosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Inflammation , Metabolism , Inflammation Mediators , Physiology , Pruritus , Metabolism , Sensory Receptor Cells , Metabolism , Skin , Metabolism , Thermoreceptors , Metabolism , Transient Receptor Potential Channels , Metabolism , Physiology
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-259082

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the antipruritic mechanisms of pimecrolimus cream for women facial dermatitis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Topical pimecrolimus cream 1% was applied in 52 women patients with facial dermatitis. The Investigators Global Assessment (IGA) score, severity of pruritus (SP) scores, and a basic syntax and molecular substrate (molecular psychophysics) of nociception and pruriception established by temperature-sensitive transient receptor potential (TRP) channels were used to evaluate the clinical signs, severity of pruritus, and skin sensory phenomenon.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The IGA scores at day 1 and 4 of treatment and the SP score at day 1, 4, and 11 of treatment were significantly lower than the baseline scores before treatment (P < 0.05). Among these 52 patients, 28 (53.8%) showed positive capsaicin-like response (i.e., burning with consequent rapid amelioration of pruritus) at the application sites, 12 (23.1%) showed camphor-like response (i.e., warming with consequent rapid amelioration of pruritus), and 12 (23.1%) showed negative capsaicin-like response or negative camphor-like response.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Treatment with pimecrolimus cream 1% can rapidly and effectively improve the signs and symptoms of facial dermatitis in adult women patients. Pimecrolimus cream 1% may act on the transient potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) receptor in the skin sensory afferents to induce capsaicin-like response or camphor-like response and then desensitizes TRPV1 and rapidly inhibits or alleviate itching.</p>


Subject(s)
Administration, Topical , Adolescent , Adult , Antipruritics , Dermatitis , Drug Therapy , Face , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Pruritus , Drug Therapy , Tacrolimus , Young Adult
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-332408

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To report and study a case of sporadic family fatal insomnia (SFFI) on its.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Investigate clinical characteristics and family disease history of a suspect FFI patient. His clinical characteristic was analyzed, he and his 14 family members genomic DNA was extracted by standard techniques from their and blood detected with polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method and DNA sequencing to find out his prion protein (PrP) gene mutation. The patient's CSF was detected with Western-Blot method for 14-3-3 brain protein.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The patient was diagnosed as an sporadic FFI by his developed sleep disturbance and changes in sleep-awake rhythm, motor abnormalities, mental disorder, dementia, autonomic dysfunction; his family history; his 14-3-3 brain protein-positive (CSF) and analysis results of his PrP gene (codon point mutation D178N and methionine homozygosity at position 129M/M). Suggesting that in the future to identify CJD and FFI patients, screening should focus on clinical symptoms and laboratory results. The PrP gene of 14 family members did not appear Mutation, and there is no person suffering from the same disease.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The case was diagnosed as a sporadic familial fatal insomnia. Analysis of suspicious patients' genomic DNA for PrP gene mutation might be very important for FFI diagnosis because there exist many difficulties in clinical laboratory evaluation. This patient might be the first SFFI patient reported in China and the case finding might have momentousness in clinical and basical study.</p>


Subject(s)
14-3-3 Proteins , Genetics , Humans , Insomnia, Fatal Familial , Genetics , Male , Middle Aged , Mutation , PrPSc Proteins , Genetics
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-329549

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the epidemiological,genealogic characteristic,familial history of the families with fatal familial insomnia,its clinical and pathological features as well as the heredity rule of related genes.Methods 135 familial members of 7 eras were studied.Vein blood samples from patients as well as from some familial members were collected.PRNP gene was studied with PCR,its serial was determined and then authenticated with Nsp I.Brain tissue was obtained for neuropathological test and PrPSc test with Western blot method.Results Clinical symptoms of the 2 diagnosed cases were typical.11 familial members died of similar neural disease.32 samples of their familial members,codon at D178N of PRNP of 11 members was mutated,with mutation rate as 34.38% while D129N showed as methionine.Brain tissue of both probands denaturalized into spongiform and the nerve fiber was absent but PrPSc protein was identified.Conclusion Genealogy was described in the family with fatal familial insomnia since the patients had typical clinical symptoms and pathological characteristics.It seemed necessary to confirm cases of fatal familial insomnia and their genealogy with epidemiological data and to investigate its gene characteristics as well as with neuropathological and Western blot tests.

11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-360686

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To characterize the diarrheal patients with Salmonella typhimurium (S. typhimurium) infections and to set up the first baseline for S. typhimurium pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) patterns in Henan province, thus laying a foundation for comprehensive surveillance of Salmonella in human as well as foods.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>S. typhimurium isolates recovered from outpatients with diarrhea in Henan province from May to October of 2006 were characterized. Antimicrobial susceptibility tests of 8 antimicrobial agents and PFGE were carried out to analyze the S. typhimurium isolates.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Twenty-four (0.9%) S. typhimurium isolates were identified from 2661 stool specimens of diarrheal cases. Eighty-eight percent of isolates showed resistance to at least one antimicrobial agent. The resistance to chloramphenicol (79%) was most common. Fifty-eight percent of isolates were resistant to ciprofloxacin. All the 14 ciprofloxacin-resistant isolates were resistant to more than five antimicrobial agents. Thirty-three percent of S. typhimurium isolates were resistant to ampicillin, chloramphenicol, streptomycin, sulfamethoxazole, and tetracycline (R-type ACSSuT). Eight antimicrobia-resistant phenotypes were found among the 24 isolates in 16 PFGE patterns.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The rate of multidrug-resistant S. typhimurium is relatively high in S. typhimurium PFGE patterns of Henan province. Multidrug-resistant S. typhimurium should be considered a public health threat.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Pharmacology , Child , Child, Preschool , China , Epidemiology , Diarrhea , Microbiology , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Middle Aged , Outpatients , Salmonella Infections , Epidemiology , Microbiology , Salmonella typhimurium , Classification , Young Adult
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