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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 1231-1245, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971770

ABSTRACT

Lipid homeostasis is considered to be related to intestinal metabolic balance, while its role in the pathogenesis and treatment of ulcerative colitis (UC) remains largely unexplored. The present study aimed to identify the target lipids related to the occurrence, development and treatment of UC by comparing the lipidomics of UC patients, mice and colonic organoids with the corresponding healthy controls. Here, multi-dimensional lipidomics based on LC-QTOF/MS, LC-MS/MS and iMScope systems were constructed and used to decipher the alteration of lipidomic profiles. The results indicated that UC patients and mice were often accompanied by dysregulation of lipid homeostasis, in which triglycerides and phosphatidylcholines were significantly reduced. Notably, phosphatidylcholine 34:1 (PC34:1) was characterized by high abundance and closely correlation with UC disease. Our results also revealed that down-regulation of PC synthase PCYT1α and Pemt caused by UC modeling was the main factor leading to the reduction of PC34:1, and exogenous PC34:1 could greatly enhance the fumarate level via inhibiting the transformation of glutamate to N-acetylglutamate, thus exerting an anti-UC effect. Collectively, our study not only supplies common technologies and strategies for exploring lipid metabolism in mammals, but also provides opportunities for the discovery of therapeutic agents and biomarkers of UC.

2.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 1-6, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984172

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To analyze the gross pathological data of sudden cardiac death (SCD) with different causes, to provide data support for the identification of sudden cardiac death with unknown causes.@*METHODS@#A total of 167 adult SCD cases in the archive of the Forensic Expertise Institute of Nanjing Medical University from 2010 to 2020 were collected. The gross pathological data of SCD cases were summarized and the characteristics of different causes of death were statistically analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The ratio of male to female SCD cases was 3.4∶1. Coronary heart disease was the leading cause of SCD, and mainly distributed in people over 40 years old. SCD caused by myocarditis was mainly distributed in young people and the mean age of death was (34.00±9.55) years. By analyzing the differences in cardiac pathological parameters of SCD with different causes, it was found that the aortic valve circumference was significantly dilated in the SCD caused by aortic aneurysm or dissection (P<0.05). The heart weight of SCD caused by aortic aneurysm or dissection and combined factors was greater, and both pulmonary and tricuspid valvular rings were dilated in the SCD caused by combined factors in adult males (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Various gross pathological measures of SCD with different causes are different, which has reference value in the cause of death identification of SCD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Male , Female , Adolescent , Young Adult , Death, Sudden, Cardiac/pathology , Coronary Disease , Heart , Forensic Medicine , Autopsy
3.
The Korean Journal of Parasitology ; : 377-392, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-903870

ABSTRACT

This paper is to illustrate the infestation and related ecological characteristics of chigger mites on the Asian house rat (Rattus tanezumi). A total of 17,221 chigger mites were collected from 2,761 R. tanezumi rats, and then identified as 131 species and 19 genera in 2 families. Leptotrombidium deliense, the most powerful vector of scrub typhus in China, was the first major dominant species on R. tanezumi. All the dominant mite species were of an aggregated distribution among different individuals of R. tanezumi. The species composition and infestations of chiggers on R. tanezumi varied along different geographical regions, habitats and altitudes. The species-abundance distribution of the chigger mite community was successfully fitted and the theoretical curve equation was Ŝ (R)=37e–(0.28R)2. The total chigger species on R. tanezumi were estimated to be 199 species or 234 species, and this further suggested that R. tanezumi has a great potential to harbor abundant species of chigger mites. The results of the species-plot relationship indicated that the chigger mite community on R. tanezumi in Yunnan was an uneven community with very high heterogeneity. Wide geographical regions with large host samples are recommended in the investigations of chigger mites.

4.
The Korean Journal of Parasitology ; : 625-634, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-919299

ABSTRACT

Based on the field investigations in 91 investigation sites (counties) in southwest China between 2001 and 2019, the present paper reported the chigger mites on A. agrarius mice in southwest China for the first time by using a series of statistical methods. From 715 striped field mice captured in 28 of 91 investigated sites, only 255 chiggers were collected, and they were identified as 14 species, 6 genera in 3 subfamilies under 2 families. Of 715 A. agrarius mice, only 24 of them were infested with chigger mites with low overall prevalence (PM=3.4%), overall mean abundance (MA=0.36 mites/host) and overall mean intensity (MI=10.63 mites/host). The species diversity and infestation of chiggers on A. agrarius were much lower than those previously reported on some other rodents in southwest China. On a certain species of rodent, A. agrarius mouse in southwest China seems to have a very low susceptibility to chigger infestations than in other geographical regions. Of 14 chigger species, there were 3 dominant species, Leptotrombidium sialkotense, L. rupestre and Schoengastiella novoconfuciana, which were of aggregated distribution among different individuals of A. agrarius hosts. L. sialkotense, one of 6 main vectors of scrub typhus in China, was the first dominant on A. agrarius. The species similarity of chigger mites on male and female hosts was low with CSS=0.25, and this reflects the sex-bias of different genders of A. agrarius mice in harboring different chigger species.

5.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1902-1910, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887017

ABSTRACT

Nanocrystal drugs have many advantages, such as no carrier materials, easy industrialization, diversified dosage forms, and can significantly improve the solubility and bioavailability of insoluble drugs, so many drugs have been on the market. The traditional nanocrystal preparation technology has the problems of low preparation efficiency and process limitation of the smallest achievable particle size. With the progress of pharmaceutical preparation technology, the preparation technology of nanocrystal drugs is constantly improving, and new preparation technologies are constantly emerging. The emergence of new technologies has greatly shortened the process time and makes it possible to prepare nanocrystal drugs with smaller particle diameters. In this paper, the preparation technologies of nanocrystal drugs, especially the new preparation technologies such as high gravity controlled precipitation, microfluidic reaction technology and various combination technologies, are reviewed from three aspects: "Top-down" technology, "Bottom-up" technology and combination technology. This article also prospects the development of new preparation technologies, hoping to provide reference for the related research of nano-preparations.

6.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1591-1598, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881548

ABSTRACT

The efficient and safe delivery of drugs to the therapeutic site through the biofilm has traditionally been a difficult and hot topic in the field of drug delivery. In recent years, alkyl polyglycoside (APG) have become ideal penetration enhancers for drug delivery systems because of their high permeability, good safety and biodegradability, which has attracted wide attention of domestic and foreign researchers. In this paper, the physical and chemical properties, characteristics, action mechanism and application of APG in drug delivery system are reviewed, and its application prospect in drug delivery system is prospected.

7.
The Korean Journal of Parasitology ; : 377-392, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-896166

ABSTRACT

This paper is to illustrate the infestation and related ecological characteristics of chigger mites on the Asian house rat (Rattus tanezumi). A total of 17,221 chigger mites were collected from 2,761 R. tanezumi rats, and then identified as 131 species and 19 genera in 2 families. Leptotrombidium deliense, the most powerful vector of scrub typhus in China, was the first major dominant species on R. tanezumi. All the dominant mite species were of an aggregated distribution among different individuals of R. tanezumi. The species composition and infestations of chiggers on R. tanezumi varied along different geographical regions, habitats and altitudes. The species-abundance distribution of the chigger mite community was successfully fitted and the theoretical curve equation was Ŝ (R)=37e–(0.28R)2. The total chigger species on R. tanezumi were estimated to be 199 species or 234 species, and this further suggested that R. tanezumi has a great potential to harbor abundant species of chigger mites. The results of the species-plot relationship indicated that the chigger mite community on R. tanezumi in Yunnan was an uneven community with very high heterogeneity. Wide geographical regions with large host samples are recommended in the investigations of chigger mites.

8.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3980-3989, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888124

ABSTRACT

To systematically review the efficacy of Xuebijing Injection combined with western medicine in the treatment of systemic inflammatory response syndrome(SIRS). In this study, CBM, CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, PubMed and EMbase databases were retrieved for clinical randomized controlled trials on the effect of Xuebijing Injection combined with western medicine in the treatment of SIRS from the establishment of the database to July 31, 2020. After screening, Meta-analysis was conducted by RevMan 5.3 software, trial sequential analysis was conducted by TSA 0.9.5.10 beta software, and the evidence quality level was evaluated by GRADEprofiler 3.6.1 software. Meta-analysis showed that Xuebijing Injection combined with western medicine could reduce white blood cell count(MD=-2.32, 95%CI[-2.44,-2.21], P<0.000 01), C-reactive protein count(MD=-22.70, 95%CI[-29.61,-15.79], P<0.000 01), APACHE Ⅱ score(MD=-2.15, 95%CI[-2.43,-1.87], P<0.000 01), tumor necrosis factor alpha count(SMD=-1.23, 95%CI[-1.48,-0.99], P<0.000 01) and interleukin-6 count(SMD=-0.92, 95%CI[-1.15,-0.69], P<0.000 01), improve treatment efficiency(RR=1.39, 95%CI[1.23, 1.56], P<0.000 01), reduce incidence of multiple organ dysfunction(RR=0.47, 95%CI[0.35, 0.64], P<0.000 01) and mortality(RR=0.22, 95%CI[0.13, 0.37], P<0.000 01), which were better than western medicine treatment alone. Trial sequential analysis showed that in terms of reducing the incidence of multiple organ dysfunction and C-reactive protein count, the cumulative Z value passed through the traditional threshold, TSA threshold and expected information value, and reached the required number of cases. GRADE evaluation showed that the level of evidence was low or very low. According to the findings, Xuebijing Injection combined with western medicine is effective in treating SIRS. However, as the low quality of the included studies may affect the reliability of the conclusion, more high-quality studies shall be included for further verification in the future, so as to provide better suggestions for clinical medication.


Subject(s)
Humans , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Injections , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Reproducibility of Results , Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome/drug therapy
9.
The Korean Journal of Parasitology ; : 153-159, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-833761

ABSTRACT

The chigger mite Leptotrombidium sialkotense is one of the 6 main vectors of scrub typhus in China. Before present study, L. sialkotense was found in some parts of Hunan province, China with a narrow geographical distribution. During field investigation 2016-2017, we found L. sialkotense in Jingha, southern Yunnan, China. Of 15 small mammal host species, L. sialkotense were collected from 6 species of the hosts. Rattus brunneusculus was a dominant host of L. sialkotense, from which 98.3% of the mites were collected. The chigger mite showed a relatively high infestation prevalence (PM=11.7%) and mean abundance (MA=0.5) in comparison with the rest 5 host species. These results reveal a certain host specificity of L. sialkotense to a rat R. brunneusculus. The mite L. sialkotense showed an aggregated distribution on the host (P<0.05). A positive correlation observed between L. sialkotense and the body length of hosts. There was a positive interspecific association between L. sialkotense and 2 other dominant vectors, L. deliense and L. scutellare.

10.
West China Journal of Stomatology ; (6): 672-680, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878393

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#A study was conducted to systematically evaluate the clinical efficacy of inflammatory factors in patients with chronic kidney disease and periodontitis after non-surgical periodontal therapy.@*METHODS@#We searched the databases of CNKI, Wanfang, CBM, PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library from inception to December 2019. Two reviewers independently collected all literature related to inflammatory factors in patients with chronic kidney disease and periodontitis after non-surgical periodontal therapy. These factors include C-reactive protein (CRP), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α). The literature was screened according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria. The quality of the studies was strictly evaluated, and the data were extracted. The literature of randomized controlled trials in accordance with the standards was Meta-analyzed with Revman 5.3 software.@*RESULTS@#Six randomized controlled trials were included. Compared with the control groups, the results of meta-analysis showed that non-surgical periodontal therapy significantly reduced the levels of CRP [MD=-0.58, 95%CI (-1.13, -0.02), P=0.04] and IL-6 [MD=-2.76, 95%CI (-5.15, -0.37), P=0.02] in these patients but not that of TNF-α [MD=-3.87, 95%CI (-8.79, 1.05), P=0.12].@*CONCLUSIONS@#Simultaneous regular renal treatment and non-surgical periodontal therapy can help relieve the periodontal damage on patients with chronic kidney disease and periodontitis. Moreover, it can improve the status of some inflammatory factors. This finding is conducive to the control and treatment of chronic kidney disease and periodontitis and needs to be a focus of research and in clinical operation.


Subject(s)
Humans , C-Reactive Protein , Chronic Periodontitis , Interleukin-6 , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/therapy , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
11.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 853-858, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941189

ABSTRACT

Objective: To assess the efficacy and long-term outcome of percutaneous balloon aortic valvuloplasty (PBAV) for children with congenital aortic stenosis (CAS) and to explore risk factors for significant aortic regurgitation (AR) and reintervention after PBAV during follow up. Methods: This was a retrospective study. Children (≤18 years old) with CAS, who underwent PBAV in Guangdong Provincial Hospital from January 2004 to December 2018, were included in this study. Demographic, preoperative transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) and surgical data were collected. Postoperative complications were closely observed, and the patients were followed up at 1, 6, 12 months after the operation, and then at one year interval thereafter. Endpoint events included significant AR and reintervention. Reintervention was defined as any intervention that needed to be performed on the valve for various reasons, including re-PBAV, surgical valvuloplasty and valve replacement. Significant AR was defined as AR grade≥3 by TTE criteria. The results of the last TTE examination before the end of the study were collected. The Kaplan-Meier curve for long-term AR-free and intervention-free survival was plotted. Cox regression model was used to further analyze the risk factors for significant AR and reintervention after PBAV in CAS patients. Results: A total of 55 patients were enrolled in this study, and the age was 4.6(1.6, 6.5) years, with 37(67.3%) males. The peak systolic valve gradient fell from (80.3±30.6)mmHg to (38.5±18.5)mmHg(P<0.001, 1 mmHg=0.133 kPa). Surgical success rate was 89% (49/55). Acute post-PBAV AR occurred in 18 patients, including 3 patients with RA≥3 grade. In-hospital complications occurred in 6 patients (2 deaths, 2 cases of transient arrhythmia, and 2 cases of femoral artery embolization). Fifty patients accomplished the follow-up and the follow-up time was 6.2(3.4, 8.5) years. Significant AR was found in 20 patients. Significant AR-free survival rate was 53% at 5 years and 19% at 10 years. Reintervention was performed in 11 patients (4 with valvuloplasty and 7 with valve replacement), and the 5-year and 10-year intervention-free survival rates were 87% and 62%, respectively. Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that acute post-PBAV AR was a risk factor for long-term significant AR (HR=2.398, 95%CI 1.007-5.712, P=0.048). Post-PBAV residual pressure gradient ≥ 35 mmHg (HR=4.747, 95%CI 1.116-19.329, P=0.030)and acute post-PBAV AR (HR=5.104, 95%CI 1.083-24.065, P=0.039)were risk factors for re-intervention. Conclusions: PBAV is safe and effective in the treatment of CAS in children, but attention should be paid on significant AR post procedure. Acute post-PBAV AR is a risk factor for re-intervention and significant AR post PBAV, and high post-PBAV residual pressure gradient is a risk factor for re-intervention.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Male , Aorta , Aortic Valve Insufficiency , Aortic Valve Stenosis/surgery , Cardiac Surgical Procedures , Retrospective Studies
12.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 811-818, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774805

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Pulmonary artery hypertension associated with congenital heart disease (PAH-CHD) occurs predominantly among patients with uncorrected CHD. Treatment of severe pediatric PAH-CHD remains a major intractability. This study evaluated the predictors and prognoses of children with PAH-CHD who underwent surgical correction.@*METHODS@#The data for 59 children with severe PAH-CHD who underwent surgical correction, with or without postoperative medication, between May 2011 and June 2015 at the Guangdong Provincial People's Hospital were analyzed retrospectively. A regression analysis, receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curves, and Kaplan-Meier curves were used for survival analysis.@*RESULTS@#Fifty-nine children with severe PAH-CHD underwent heart catheterization and correction, with or without specific anti-PAH drugs postoperatively, were included in this study. The pulmonary pressure, heart function, and ending events were observed and median observation period was 49 ± 20 months. Twenty-eight patients (50%) received at least one additional anti-PAH drug after correction. The survival rate after 2 years was 91.5% (54/59); two patients were in a critical condition, and three were lost to follow-up. Twelve patients (29%) still received over one additional PAH-specific therapy at follow-up, whereas 42 (75%) had successfully stopped drug treatment. Two patients (3.5%) died and one underwent a second thoracotomy to remove the ventricular septal defect patch. Acute vasoreactivity test (AVT) criteria had limited efficacy in predicting pediatric PAH-CHD, whereas pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) ≤ 6.65 Wood units (WU)/m or PVR/systemic vascular resistance (SVR) ≤ 0.39 during AVT indicated a good prognosis after surgical correction with an AUC of 98.3% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 96.0-100%), 98.4% (95% CI: 96.0-100%) sensitivity of 100%, 100% and specificity of 82.1%, 92.9%, respectively.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Although the criteria for positive AVT currently used are unsuitable for pediatric patients with PAH-CHD, PVR and PVR/SVR during AVT are excellent predictors of outcome in pediatric PAH-CHD. Surgery aided by anti-PAH drugs is an effective strategy and should be recommended for severe pediatric PAH-CHD with PVR ≤ 6.65 WU/m and PVR/SVR ≤ 0.39 after iloprost aerosol inhalation.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Echocardiography , Heart Defects, Congenital , Pathology , General Surgery , Hypertension, Pulmonary , Pathology , General Surgery , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Prognosis , ROC Curve , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
13.
Chinese Journal of Practical Internal Medicine ; (12): 596-599, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816071

ABSTRACT

Intervention therapy for congenital heart diseases has made great progress over the past 50 years, and fetal cardiac intervention therapy, which has saved lives and improved the postnatal prognosis, has thrived with the rapid development of the fetal echocardiography. The safety and effectiveness of fetal cardiac intervention have been acknowledged.

14.
Chinese Journal of Pathophysiology ; (12): 925-929, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-701217

ABSTRACT

AIM:To observe the expression of calreticulin(CRT)in nasopharyngeal carcinoma tissues,ana-lyze the significance of clinical pathology and the influence on epithelial -mesencymal transition(EMT)of CNE2 cells. METHODS:The expression of calreticulin was detected by immunohistochemistry in 52 nasopharyngeal carcinoma and 57 nasopharyngeal benign tissues,and the significance of clinical pathology was evaluated.The calreticulin gene-specific small interfering RNA was constructed,and then was transfected into the NPC cell line CNE 2 using the cationic liposome meth-od.The effect of CRT on the morphological changes of the CNE 2 cells was observed under light microscope.The effect of CRT on the cell migration and invasion abilities of the CNE 2 cells was detected by Transwell migration and invasion assays. The expression of EMT-related proteins E-cadherin,vimentin,transforming growth factor(TGF)-βand matrix metallopro-teinase(MMP)-9 in the CNE2 cells was determined by Western blot.RESULTS:The positive expression rate of CRT in the benign lesion tissues was 19.29%(11/57),which was significantly increased in the nasopharyngeal carcinoma tissues as 82.69%(43/52).The expression rate of CRT was positively correlated with the stage of nasopharyngeal carcinoma and lymph node metastasis(P<0.05).Knockdown of CRT expression made the CNE 2 cells showing a spindle shape to a flat, cobblestone-like epithelial state change,arranged more compact,and the migration and invasion abilities were significantly decreased(P<0.05).Knockdown of CRT expression resulted in significant increase in the protein expression of E -cadhe-rin,and the decreases in the protein expression of vimentin, TGF-βand MMP-9 in the CNE2 cells(P<0.05).CON-CLUSION:Calreticulin expression in nasopharyngeal carcinoma is significantly higher and positively correlated with naso -pharyngeal carcinoma stage and lymph node metastasis.Calreticulin promotes cell migration and invasion of nasopharyngeal carcinoma CNE2 cells by inducing EMT.

15.
China Journal of Endoscopy ; (12): 16-22, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-702877

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the biomechanical effects of double-headed cannulated compression screws for tibial avulsion fracture of anterior cruciate ligament and the possibility of reducing the risk of intercondylar fossa impingement. Methods Porcine knee joints (30 cases) were taken as experimental samples. Referring to the Meyers classification, it is made into type III fracture. According to the random number table method, they were divided into group A (double-headed cannulated compression screw), group B (cannulated compression screw) and group C (suture), with 10 samples in each group. By detecting the initial displacement and the failure load (peak load and yield load), the nut embedded in the bone block and the failure type were observed to investigate the biomechanical characteristics of the double headed cannulated screw fixation of the fracture. Results The peak load (443.10 ± 8.54) N of group A was not significantly different from that of group C (457.00 ± 26.53) N (P > 0.05), but significantly higher than that of group B (361.70 ± 18.76) N (P < 0.05). The yield load of group A is obviously larger than that of group B (P < 0.05), but it is obviously smaller than the yield load of group C (P < 0.05). The initial displacement of the group A (1.38 ± 0.14) mm was shorter than that of group B and C (1.94 ± 0.12) mm, (3.98 ± 0.19) mm (P < 0.05). The nuts of group A were embedded in the fracture block, and the nuts of group B obviously protruded from the ACL. Conclusions The early biomechanical strength of the anterior cruciate ligament tibial avulsion fracture was significantly better than that of cannulated compression screw and suture, and compared with the cannulated ompression screw, it is difficult to cause intercondylar fossa impingement.

16.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 147-149, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-692398

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyse 73 medical malpractice cases of pediatrics for discussing the importance of forensic pathology in solving the issues such as medical malpractice of pediatrics. Methods From January 2002 to August 2016, 73 medical malpractice cases of pediatrics with age of death between 28 days old and 10 years old were collected from Institute of Judical Expertise of Nanjing Medical University. The relationship between causes of death and related medical institutions was retrospectively analysed. Results In 73 cases, the male to female ratio was 1.70:1, and ages of 28 days old to 1 year old were com-mon (26 cases, 35.62%), followed by ages between 1 year old and 3 years old (21 cases, 28.77%). In 71 cases which had been determined the cause of death by postmortem examination, the main cause of death was disease, especially respiratory diseases (33 cases, 46.48%), followed by cardiovascular diseases (12 cases, 16.90%). In 75 medical institutes which involved with these medical malpractices, most were tertiary medical institutes (32, 42.67%), followed by the sub-secondary (excluding the secondary) medi-cal institutions (23, 30.67%). The clinical diagnosis of 38 cases (52.05%) completely or mostly corre-sponded with the pathological findings. There were 35 cases (47.95%) undefined or misdiagnosed cases. Conclusion Autopsy and forensic pathological examination contribute to determine causes of death, which not only provide scientific evidence for medical malpractice of pediatrics, but also enrich and develop clinical medical knowledge, and thus improve diagnosis and treatment level in a certain extent.

17.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1732-1736, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690721

ABSTRACT

Lilii Bulbus, which comes from many medicinal plants,is a frequently-used traditional Chinese medicine,the records in previous herbal literatures of it's origin and quality were inconstant. To trace back it's sources, we conducted a systematical study on it's origin and quality by textual research and investigation in this paper,The result showed that the origins of Lilii Bulbus are mainly source from white-flowers, red-yellow-flowers and red-flowers of Lilium, L. brownii var. viridulum, which were believed authentic or good quality in all previous herbal literatures,and L. pumilum and L. concolor which belong to white-flowers,and L. lancifolium which belong to red-yellow-flowers were believed low-quality and unfit for medicinal uses, or they were listed below and often have different effect with L. brownii var. viridulum. Among them, only L. concolor does not belong to Lilii Bulbus according to Chinese Pharmacopeia (2015 edition), The mainstream varieties of Lilii Bulbus became L. lancifolium now according to our practical investigation, which were very different from previous herbal literatures. Although chemical and pharmacological studies provided a reference for L. lancifolium,we should respect the actual records of the previous herbal literatures,the research of material foundation of efficacy should be more sufficient,and provide science evidence for clinical application of different species of Lilii Bulbus.

18.
West China Journal of Stomatology ; (6): 421-427, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687996

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of 2% minocycline hydrochloride combined with flap surgery in the treatment of chronic periodontitis. The superiority of this therapy to simple flap surgery was also explored.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We searched the databases of CNKI, VIP, Wanfang, Chinese Biomedical Literature, PubMed, ScienceDirect, and Embase from inception to July 2017. Two reviewers independently screened literature, extracted data, and evaluated the bias risk of included studies. Then, Meta-analysis was performed using RevMan 5.3 software.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A total of seven randomized controlled trials involving 217 patients were included. Meta-analysis showed that, in two groups, the changes in probing depth (PD) [MD=-0.55, 95%CI (-0.84, -0.26), P=0.000 2] and plaque index [MD=-0.08, 95%CI (-0.15, -0.01), P=0.03] at 3 and 6 months of PD [MD=-0.62, 95%CI (-1.04, -0.21), P=0.003] had statistically significant difference (P<0.05). The clinical attachment loss (CAL) [MD=-0.21, 95%CI (-0.47, 0.04), P=0.10] had no statistically significant difference after 3 months (P>0.05), but the improvement in CAL was significantly improved by minocycline hydrochloride combined with flap therapy.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Periodontal flap combined with minocycline adjuvant therapy for chronic periodontitis is effective in short-term observations.</p>

19.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 222-224,228, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-789425

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the depression status and its associated factors of residents in Anting Town of Shanghai.Methods By adopting a multi-stage random sampling method, 2 500 people were selected from among the residents in Anting Town.Questionnaires were independently completed by the residents surveyed and a total of 2 498 valid questionnaires were collected.The depression module for Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) was used to evaluate depression symptoms.Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to analyze the depression status and its associated factors.Results The detection rate of depression symptoms was 4.60% and the main symptom was light depression.Lack of vitality, eating disorders, sleep disorders and loss of enjoyment were among the most frequently-selected items in the univariate evaluation for the depression status.The results of univariate analyses indicated that age, educational level, marital status, self-evaluated health status and average(per person) family monthly income were the factors associated with the depression status.The results of multivariateanalyses indicated that self-evaluated health status and average(per person) family monthly income were the main associated factors.Conclusion The prevalence of depression status for the residents in Anting Town is relatively low.Emphases should be focused on the residents with poor health condition and with the average(per person) family monthly income below 2 000 RMB yuan.

20.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4341-4345, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-338272

ABSTRACT

After the end of the national and local medicine resources census work, a large number of Chinese medicine resources and distribution of data will be summarized. The species richness between the regions is a valid indicator for objective reflection of inter-regional resources of Chinese medicine. Due to the large difference in the size of the county area, the assessment of the intercropping of the resources of the traditional Chinese medicine by the county as a statistical unit will lead to the deviation of the regional abundance statistics. Based on the rule grid or grid statistical methods, the size of the statistical unit due to different can be reduced, the differences in the richness of traditional Chinese medicine resources are caused. Taking Chongqing as an example, based on the existing survey data, the difference of richness of traditional Chinese medicine resources under different grid scale were compared and analyzed. The results showed that the 30 km grid could be selected and the richness of Chinese medicine resources in Chongqing could reflect the objective situation of intercropping resources richness in traditional Chinese medicine better.

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