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1.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1226-1230, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-705180

ABSTRACT

Aim To explore the effect of rhynchophyl-line on the expression of tyrosine hydroxylase ( TH) in hippocampus of methamphetamine-induced condition place preference ( CPP) mice. Methods Metham- phetamine was injected intraperitoneally to mice, and the expression of TH was observed by immunohisto-chemistry and Western blot. Results The CPP mouse model was established successfully by methamphet-amine ( 4 mg·kg-1) . Ketamine ( 15 mg·kg-1) , rhynchophylline low dosage group (40 mg·kg-1) and rhynchophylline high dosage group ( 80 mg·kg-1) could remove the effect of methamphetamine on CPP mice. The result of immunohistochemistry showed that methamphetamine ( 4 mg·kg-1) could increase the number of TH positive cells in hippocampus while ket-amine (4 mg·kg-1), rhynchophylline (40, 80 mg· kg-1) group could attenuate the change. Western blot-ting indicated the expression of TH of model group in-creased significantly, whereas ketamine ( 15 mg· kg-1) , rhynchophylline ( 40, 80 mg·kg-1) group presented less expression. Conclusions The CPP in-duced by methamphetamine in mice may be inhibited to some extent by rhynchophylline, and its mechanism may be associated with the expression of TH.

2.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 756-759, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-705122

ABSTRACT

Exosomes are nanoscale vesicles produced and secre-ted into extracellular fluid by all cells. They mediate cell com-munication through carrying and transferring informational car-goes ( proteins, nucleic acids, lipids and so on ) to recipient cells. In central nervous system, exosomes can be released from all cell types including neurons, neural stem cells and neuroglia cells. These exosomes shuttle nucleic acids ( miRNAs, mRNAs and so on) and play an important role in nervous system devel-opment and function as well as diseases including Alzheimer's disease and drug addiction. Furthermore, the functional effects and targeting characteristics of exosomes-shuttle-RNAs suggest that exosomes-shuttle-RNAs can be diagnostic and therapeutic targets. In this review, we elaborate the effects, functions and mechanisms of exosomes-shuttle-RNAs in order to gain a new recognition of CNS development and diseases.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-256563

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the effect of rhynchophylline on methamphetamine-dependent zebrafish and explore the possible mechanism.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Zebrafish were divided into control group, amphetamine group, low- (50 mg/kg) and high (100 mg/kg)-dose rhynchophylline groups, and ketamine (150 mg/kg) group. Conditioned place preference (CPP) was induced in zebrafish with methamphetamine, and the staying time in the drug box and the tracking map of the zebrafish were observed with Noldus Ethovision XT system. The protein expressions of TH, NR2B and GLUR2 in the brain of zebrafish with CPP were detected with Western blotting.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with the control group, zebrafish in methamphetamine group showed significant variations in the staying time and swimming distance in the drug box after conditioning (P<0.05) with obvious alterations of NR2B, TH and GLUR2 expressions in the brain (P<0.05). Treatment of methamphetamine-dependent zebrafish with high-dose rhynchophylline significantly reduced the variations in the staying time and swimming distance in the drug box (P<0.05) and in the expressions of NR2B, TH and GLUR2 in the brain (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Rhynchophylline can inhibit methamphetamine dependence in zebrafish, the mechanism of which may involve the expressions of TH, NR2B and GLUR2 proteins in the brain.</p>

4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-287180

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the effects of water extract of Zuojin Pill ([characters: see text], ZJP) on inhibiting the growth of human gastric cancer cell line SGC-7901 and its potential mechanism.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Effects of ZJP on SGC-7901 cells growth were determined by 3-(4,5-dimethyl-2-thiazolyl)-2,5-diphenyl-2-H-tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay, cell apoptosis and cell cycle were determined by flow cytometry, and apoptosis induction was detected by means of DNA gel electrophoresis. The cellular mechanism of drug-induced cell death was unraveled by assaying oxidative injury level of SGC-7901 cell, mitochondrial membrane potentials, expression of apoptosis-related genes, such as B cell lymphoma/lewkmia-2 (Bcl-2), Bcl-2 associated X protein (Bax) and cleaved caspase-3 and caspase-9.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>ZJP exerted evident inhibitory effect on SGC-7901 cells by activating production of reactive oxygen species and elevating Bax/Bcl-2 ratio in SGC-7901 cells, leading to attenuation of mitochondrial membrane potential and DNA fragmentation.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>ZJP inhibits the cancer cell growth via activating mitochondria-dependent apoptosis pathway. ZJP can potentially serve as an antitumor agent.</p>


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Agents , Pharmacology , Apoptosis , Blotting, Western , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Survival , Colorimetry , Comet Assay , DNA Fragmentation , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Flow Cytometry , Humans , Mitochondrial Membranes , Reactive Oxygen Species , Metabolism
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-307964

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of water extracts of Coptidis Rhizoma and Evodiae Fructus (CREF) on the proliferation and apoptosis of human gastric carcinoma cells (SGC-7901) and determine the optimal proportion of Coptidis rhizoma to Evodiae fructus.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The growth inhibition of SGC-7901 cells treated with the water extracts of CREF of varying proportions was tested with MTT assay. The cell apoptotic rate and mitochondrial membrane potential were analyzed with flow cytometry.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The water extract of CREF with Coptidis Rhizoma: Evodiae Fructus proportions at 1:6, 2:5, 3:4, 4:3, 5:2, and 6:1 all significantly inhibited the growth of SGC-7901 cells after a 24-h or 48-h treatment (P<0.05). The growth inhibition and cell death ratio both exhibited a dose-dependent pattern of Coptidis Rhizoma. Flow cytometry analysis showed that, after treatment of the cells with CREF at the proportions of 1:6, 2:5, 3:4, 4:3, 5:2, and 6:1, the apoptotic rate were (8.50 ∓ 1.59)%, (9.90 ∓ 1.01)%, (17.15∓1.68)%, (21.55 ∓ 1.97)%, (34.10 ∓ 1.06)% and (34.40 ∓ 1.02)%, respectively, all significantly higher than that in the control group [(1.69 ∓ 1.91)%, P<0.05]. JC-1 Kit staining showed that mitochondrial membrane potential of SGC-7901 cells was decreased and the ratio of green to red fluorescence increased significantly after incubation with CREF.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>CREF can inhibit the growth and induce apoptosis of SGC-7901 cells, and the strongest effect is achieved at the optimal proportion of Coptidis Rhizoma and Evodiae Fructus at 6:1.</p>


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic , Pharmacology , Apoptosis , Cell Line, Tumor , Chemistry, Pharmaceutical , Drug Compounding , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Evodia , Chemistry , Humans , Stomach Neoplasms , Pathology
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-307953

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To perform a pharmacognostical study of the leaf of Uncaria hirsuta Havil.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The specimens of Folium Uncariae Hirsutae were collected for studying its characteristics, microscopic appearance and thin-layer chromatography.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The leaf of Uncaria hirsuta Havil was characterized by numerous multicellular non-glandular hairs, 2 lines of palisade tissue, a diacytic type of stoma, and clustered crystals in its parenchyma. At least two kinds of alkaloids identical to the control were identified in the specimens.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The results can be used as the evidence for identification, formulation of the quality-control standards as well as further utilization of Folium Uncariae Hirsutae.</p>


Subject(s)
Alkaloids , Chromatography, Thin Layer , Methods , Pharmacognosy , Methods , Plant Leaves , Chemistry , Uncaria , Chemistry
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-323694

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the common resource of Chinese herbal medicine in western of Luoding City, Guangdong Province, and propose pertinent suggestions concerning the exploitation,utilization and conservation of the medicinal resources.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>With plant taxonomy method, we selected the JiaYi town as the center for local common Chinese herbal medicine resources, ecological environment and non-governmental investigation of medicinal.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There were 123 species of medicinal plants in Jiayi Town, including pteridophyte 11 species, gymnosperm 5 species, dicotyledon 97 species,and monocotyledon 12 species.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>This region has an excellent ecological environment and forest plant communities preserved relatively intact suitable for the growth of Lingnan Chinese herbal medicine, as well as a profound cultural background of folk medicine. The resources should be actively protected for further rational development and utilization.</p>


Subject(s)
China , Conservation of Natural Resources , Drugs, Chinese Herbal
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-232800

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the effects of Caulis Sinomenii and sinomenine on conditioned place preference (CPP) induced by morphine and brain histamine level in mice.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Sixty mice were randomized into 6 equal groups and morphine (Mor) was injected subcutaneously (9 mg/kg) for 6 consecutive days to induce CPP using a shuttle box. Since the 4th day of training, the mice in 5 of the groups were treated for 3 consecutive days with Caulis Sinomenii (10 g/kg), sinomenine (60 mg/kg), diphenhydramine (30 mg/kg), CP48/80 (5 mg/kg) and L-histidine (750 mg/kg) in addition to morphine (9 mg/kg) treatment, respectively, leaving the other group with exclusive morphine treatment. Another 10 mice received saline injection to serve as saline control group. The content of histamine (HA) in the mouse brain was measured by fluorospectrophotometry.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In morphine group, the mice showed significantly extended stay in morphine-paired compartment whose HA content in the brain was markedly increased (P<0.01). Treatment with Caulis Sinomenii and sinomenine resulted in significantly reduced time of stay in morphine-paired compartment and brain HA level (P<0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>CPP induced by morphine in mice is associated with increased HA level in the brain. Caulis Sinomenii and sinomenine can suppress the acquisition of place preference induced by morphine and modulate HA level in the central nervous system in morphine-dependent mice.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Arginine , Pharmacology , Brain , Metabolism , Conditioning, Operant , Physiology , Diphenhydramine , Pharmacology , Histamine , Metabolism , Male , Mice , Morphinans , Pharmacology , Morphine , Toxicity , Morphine Dependence , Motor Activity , Random Allocation , Sinomenium , Chemistry
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