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1.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 922-925, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880293

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the distribution of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) syndrome types and their relationship with semen parameters in infertility male patients with varicocele (VC).@*METHODS@#Using Questionnaire on Clinical Symptoms of Varicocele-Caused Male Infertility, we made an investigation among 147 infertility male patients with VC, determined the types of their TCM syndromes, obtained their semen parameters, and analyzed the distribution of the TCM syndrome types and their correlation with semen parameters.@*RESULTS@#Of the TCM syndrome types identified, kidney deficiency and stagnated heat constituted the largest proportion (34.7%), and the mixed type accounted for a significantly higher percentage than the simple type (P < 0.05). The patients with kidney deficiency and stagnated heat, compared with those with other syndrome types, had a dramatically lower sperm concentration ([21.62 ± 9.25] vs [28.88 ± 12.92] ×10⁶/ml, P < 0.01), but a higher percentage of morphologically abnormal sperm ([98.33 ± 0.15]% vs [96.27 ± 0.18]%, P < 0.05) and DNA fragmentation index ([19.72 ± 3.17]% vs [10.96 ± 3.82]%, P < 0.01). No statistically significant differences were observed in the percentage of progressively motile sperm among different TCM syndrome types.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Kidney deficiency and stagnated heat is a main TCM syndrome type in infertility male patients with varicocele and correlated with sperm concentration, the percentage of morphologically abnormal sperm and DNA fragmentation index.


Subject(s)
DNA Fragmentation , Humans , Infertility, Male/diagnosis , Male , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Semen , Semen Analysis , Sperm Count , Sperm Motility , Spermatozoa , Syndrome , Varicocele/diagnosis
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-297231

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the clinical features, laboratory findings, diagnosis and treatment, and prognosis of children with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) accompanied by pulmonary hypertension (PH).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical symptoms, laboratory findings, echocardiographic features, SLE disease activity index, and treatment outcome of 15 hospitalized children with SLE accompanied by PH were retrospectively analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Among the 15 patients, the median interval from diagnosis of SLE to diagnosis of PH was 0.1 year (range: 0-6.5 years). Aside from PH-related symptoms, Raynaud's phenomenon was observed in 6 (40%) of the 15 patients. There was no significant difference in SLE disease activity (evaluated by complements 3 and 4 levels, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, and positive rate of anti-double-stranded DNA) between patients with mild-to-moderate PH and those with severe PH (P<0.05). As for treatment, 13 patients received immunosuppressive therapy with glucocorticoids, and among them 2 patients received PH-targeted therapy. During a median follow-up of 8.0 years (range: 0.5-18.1 years) since the diagnosis of PH, 2 deaths were noted with class III or IV cardiac function (World Health Organization), while the other patients were in a stable condition.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Raynaud's phenomenon is a common clinical manifestation in children with SLE accompanied by pulmonary hypertension (PH). PH severity is not significantly associated with SLE disease activity, and thus greater focus should be placed upon early screening of pulmonary arterial pressure in SLE patients. Early diagnosis and early treatment can improve the prognosis of children with SLE.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Hypertension, Pulmonary , Drug Therapy , Infant , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic , Drug Therapy , Male
3.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 645-648, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-304696

ABSTRACT

<p><b>Objective</b>To investigate the clinical effect of Jujing No.2 Decoction on male infertility induced by varicocele.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We equally randomized 70 male patients with varicocele-induced infertility into a treatment group and a control group, the former treated with modified Jujing No.2 Decoction (1 dose a day, bid) and the latter given Danshen Tablets (4 tablets once, tid) plus Liu Wei Di Huang Wan (8 pills once, tid), both for 3 months. We examined the spermatic veins of the patients by ultrasonography and performed seminal analysis before and after medication.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with the controls, the patients in the treatment group showed significant improvement after medication in sperm concentration ([12.35±2.12] vs [18.56±4.16] ×10⁶/ml, P<0.05), progressively motile sperm ([16.18±6.34] vs [24.63±8.51] %, P<0.05), and morphologically normal sperm ([11.59±5.31] vs [14.17±6.02] %, P<0.05). In the control group, sperm concentration was increased from (12.29±2.07) ×10⁶/ml at the baseline to (13.13±3.13) ×10⁶/ml after medication, progressively motile sperm from (16.13±6.45) % to (20.55±7.30) % (P<0.05), and morphologically normal sperm from (11.62±5.35) % to (12.69±5.77) %. The total effectiveness rate was significantly higher in the treatment than in the control group (71.88% vs 46.67%, P<0.05). The inner diameter of the left spermatic vein was decreased from (0.32±0.05) mm at the baseline to [0.26±0.05] mm after medication in the treatment group (P<0.05) and from (0.32±0.03) mm to (0.29±0.04) mm in the control (P<0.05), with statistically significant difference between the two groups after medication (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Jujing No.2 Decoction is effective in the treatment of varicocele-induced male infertility.</p>


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Humans , Infertility, Male , Drug Therapy , Male , Sperm Count , Sperm Motility , Spermatic Cord , Diagnostic Imaging , Varicocele , Drug Therapy , Veins , Diagnostic Imaging
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-279929

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the clinical features and gene mutations of 4 Chinese children with Dent disease.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical and laboratory data of 4 children with Dent disease were analyzed retrospectively. Genetic testing of the 4 cases was carried out.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All of 4 cases were boys. The first impression of Cases 1-3 was Fanconi syndrome. Proteinuria was presented as the first impression in Case 4. All 4 boys presented with low-molecular weight proteinuria (LMWP) and hypercalciuria, including 3 cases with hematuria, 1 case with kidney stones, 2 cases with nephrocalcinosis, 3 cases with hypophosphatemia, and 3 cases with rickets. Mutations of the CLCN5 gene were revealed in three patients (Cases 1, 2 and 4), including exon 6-7del, c.785_787de l(p.263del Leu) and c.1039 C>T (p.Arg347Term). The first two gene mutations had never reported before.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Urine protein electrophoresis should be carried out for patients with proteinuria. Dent disease should be taken into consideration when patients with Fanconi syndrome have hypercalciuria, nephrocalcinosis or kindey stones. Genetic analyses are needed for a definite diagnosis.</p>


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , Chloride Channels , Genetics , Dent Disease , Drug Therapy , Genetics , Humans , Mutation , Phosphoric Monoester Hydrolases , Genetics
5.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 1103-1108, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-319558

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of Bushengzhuyang Fang (Yangjing Capsule, YJC) on penile erectile function and its action mechanisms in rats.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Fifty-six male SD rats were randomly divided into seven groups of equal number: blank control, daidzein, daidzein + testosterone, daidzein + sildenafil, daidzein + low-dose YJC, daidzein + medium-dose YJC, and daidzein + high-dose YJC. The rats in the blank control group were treated intragastrically with normal saline and those in the other groups with daidzein at the dose of 100 mg per kg per day for 30 days. Then the last five groups received additionally testosterone (4 mg per kg per day), sildenafil (2.5 mg per kg per day), low-dose YJC, (0.315 mg per kg per day), medium-dose YJC (0.63 mg per kg per day), and high-dose YJC (1. 26 mg per kg per day), respectively. At 0, 30 and 60 days of treatment, we observed the apomorphine-induced spontaneous erectile response and pathological changes in the corpus cavernosum of the rats, recorded the number of penile erection and erectile incubation period, and determined the serum levels of testosterone (T) and luteinizing hormone (LH).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>At 30 days of treatment, the number of apomorphine-induced erections was decreased, the erectile incubation period prolonged, and the serum levels of T and LH reduced remarkably in all groups of rats (P < 0.05). Compared with the findings at 30 days, the number of penile erections was significantly decreased at 60 days in the daidzein group (1.39 ± 0.42 vs 2.67 ± 0.33, P < 0.05) and daidzein + low-dose YJC group (1.33 ± 0.49 vs 2.83 ± 0.61, P < 0.05); the erectile incubation period was markedly ex- tended ([16.33 ± 3.11] vs [8.50 ± 0.93] min and [15.50 ± 3.21] vs [8.63 ± 1.54] min, P < 0.05); and the serum levels of T ([5.34 ± 0.89] vs [1.24 ± 0.30] ng/ml and [5.28 ± 1.12] vs [2.07 ± 0.76] ng/ml, P < 0.05) and LH ([3.62 ± 0.37] vs [2.09 ± 0.12] ng/ml and [3.79 ± 0.28] vs [2.17 ± 0.33] ng/ml, P < 0.05) were significantly reduced in the daidzein and daidzein + low-dose YJC groups, respectively. Pathological examination revealed slightly decreased cavernous sinuses and blood vessels in the corpus cavernosum of the rats in the daidzein + testosterone, daidzein + sildenafil, daidzein + medium-dose YJC, and daidzein + high-dose YJC groups as compared with those in the blank control group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>High-dose Yangjing Capsule is efficacious for the recovery of erectile function in rats, especially for phytoestrogen-induced erectile dysfunction.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Apomorphine , Pharmacology , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Erectile Dysfunction , Drug Therapy , Humans , Isoflavones , Pharmacology , Luteinizing Hormone , Male , Penile Erection , Physiology , Penis , Pathology , Phytoestrogens , Phytotherapy , Piperazines , Therapeutic Uses , Purines , Therapeutic Uses , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Sildenafil Citrate , Sulfonamides , Therapeutic Uses , Testosterone , Therapeutic Uses , Vasodilator Agents , Therapeutic Uses
6.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 1098-1101, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-232005

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the changes of serum free testosterone (FT) and testosterone secreting index (TSI) in ED patients, and to assess the contribution of these two indexes to the diagnosis of ED caused by endocrine factors.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We studied 120 ED patients and 30 healthy men undergoing pre-marital medical check-up in Jiangsu Province Hospital of TCM by analyzing the scores on erectile function and desire domain in IIEF, testing the serum total testosterone, luteinizing hormone by chemiluminescent enzyme immunoassay (CLIA), measuring free testosterone by radioimmunoassay( RIA), and calculating TSI.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Of the 120 ED patients, 5% and 1538% were below the reference norm of TT and FT values respectively. TT, FT and TSI decreased with age, with statistical with FT and TSI, but not with TT. FT and TSI statistically declined with lower IIEF score on ED domain, but this was not the case with TT. There were no significant differences in TI, FT and TSI among different sexual desire groups the ED patients.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>FT is much more valuable than TF in the diagnosis of ED with hypogonadism. Both FT and TSI are important parameters in assessing the severity of ED.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , China , Erectile Dysfunction , Blood , Metabolism , Humans , Immunoenzyme Techniques , Methods , Luteinizing Hormone , Blood , Male , Middle Aged , Radioimmunoassay , Surveys and Questionnaires , Testosterone , Blood , Bodily Secretions
7.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 1135-1138, 2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-289062

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effects of Jujingwan on the spermatozoal ultrastructure and apoptosis of germ cells in oligospermia patients.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We treated 50 oligospermia patients with Jujingwan and observed the spermatozoal ultrastructure, the apoptosis of germ cells and the changes in the DNA ploidy proportion of spermatogenic cells by electron microscopy and FCM before the treatment and 3, 6, 9 and 12 months after it.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Jujingwan increased sperm acrosome base density 6 months after the treatment and remarkably improved the integrity of acrosome membrane 12 months after it, with no obvious pathological changes in the nuclei and tails. Three months after the treatment, cell debris and apoptotic cells decreased significantly as compared with pre-treatment (P < 0. 05) , and very significantly 12 months after the treatment (P <0. 01). The proportion of haploid spermatozoa increased very significantly (P <0.01) , and the lost primary spermatocytes decreased significantly (P <0. 05) compared with pre-treatment.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Jujingwan can increase the density of sperm acrosome base and improve the pathological changes of acrosome membrane in oligospermia patients; it can improve the activity of acrosome enzyme and the integrity of acrosome membrane, decrease the apoptosis rate of germ cells and sperm and increase the percentage of haploid spermatozoa; it can also reduce the percentage of apoptotic bodies and diploid sperm cells. It is indicated that Jujingwan can inhibit the apoptosis of germ cells and sperm and improve spermatogenesis in oligospermia patients.</p>


Subject(s)
Acrosome , Pathology , Adult , Apoptosis , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Humans , Infertility, Male , Drug Therapy , Pathology , Male , Oligospermia , Drug Therapy , Pathology , Phytotherapy , Sperm Count , Spermatocytes , Cell Biology , Spermatozoa
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