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1.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (6): 476-480, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-642946

ABSTRACT

Objective Measurement and analysis of the complete genome sequences of Yersinia Pestis from a new plague natural foci and adjacent foci in China, to know the genetic relationship among the epidemic strain isolated in Yulong (D 106004) and Jianchuan strains (D 182038) and the Tibetan strain ( Z 176003 ). Methods Three complete genome sequences were sequenced using the whole-genome shotgun and Solexa method and comparative genomics analysis was done among the three sequences. Genome comparative analysis among the coding sequences was done by BLAST software, SNPs finding was done by the program, genome rearrangements were analyzed using MAUVE software. Results All of the genomes of Yersinia pestis strains D182038, D106004 and Z176003 consist of a single circular chromosome and three virulence plasmids, pMT1, pCD1 and pPCP1. They had similar characteristics in chromosome and plasmid features, and there were no significant difference in coming sequence (CDS) of the cluster of orthologous groups of proteins (COG) functional classification and the number of insertion sequence in the three strains (x2 =3.03, 0.257, all P > 0.05). The comparative genomics results showed that the three bacteria had 2882 genes with 100% homology, of 3636 genes predicted in D106004, 2994 were identical with D182038's and 3113 with Z176003's, and of which 240 had 90% homology with D182038's and 200 with Z176003 's. Synonymous single nucleotide polymorphisms(sSNPs) were 59 and 68, and non-synonymous SNPs(nsSNPs) were 104 and 203 between strains D106004 and Z176003/D182038. There were 11 segments rearrangements between D106004 and Z176003, which was less than 16 segments rearrangements between D106004 and D182038. ConclusionsThe three strains are highly homologous, the Yulong strain has more similarity with Tibet strain than with Jianchuan strain, the strain from Yulong foci may be evolved from Tibet foci.

2.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (6): 598-601, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-643289

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the genotyping distribution of the Yersinia pestis(Y.pestis)strains by characterizing the diversity of the insertion sequence IS100 within the Y.pestis genome.Methods Derived fromthe known sequence of oriental strain CO92,5 pairs of locus-specific primers originating from both sides of the adjacent region of IS100 copies were designed,and two other complementary primers inside the IS100 sequence were designed to correspond with the outer primers.Then,91 Y.pestis strains and l pseudotubebculosis strain were tested by the specific PCR method using the primers described above and the PCR products were conformed by the sequence analysis,then further analysis WaS performed after the IS100 status was marked on the map of the plague focus type of china.Results The 91 Y.pestis strains had different IS100 status in their genome on tested loci.some possessed IS100 insertion,some didn't,and others changed their genome constitution.The IS100 possession on the 5 loci also suggested a distribution of regionality.Conclusion The analysis of some IS100 insertion element loci reveals that the IS100 genotyping distribution is consistent with the plague focus of type of China.And IS100genotyping pattern of the Y.pestis stains well reflects its genome constitution and the high flowability in its natural evolution.

3.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (6): 503-507, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-643016

ABSTRACT

Objective To clone and express specific genes (YP01089,psi.ymt) from Yersinia pestis in Escherichia Coli(E.coli)and to analyze the antigenicity of these recombinant proteins.Methods The target genes were amplified by polymerose chmn reaction(PCR).The amplified products were ligated with pET-30a(+) vector after purification and cut by two different restriction enzymes,then these recombinant plasmids were transfefred into the host cells of E.coli BL21(DE3) strain.The target genes were successfully expressed following induction with Isopropyithio-β-D-galactoside(IPTG),and the target proteins were purified by the method of affinity chromatography.Sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyaerylamide gel eleetrophoresis(SDS-PAGE)and Westem blot were used to detect the expressed recombinant protein.Results Three recombinant plasmids were finally constructed. rYP01089,rPst and rYmt were expressed stably and effectively in E.coli thmngh optimizing the induction condition. The Western blot analysis indicated that rPst was capable of binding with positive sernm of phgue.The purity of rest was up to 95%in this stuay.Conclusions This work indicates that the genes of Yersinia pestis are able to be efficiently expressed in the prokaryotie protein expression system.The immune characteristic of rPst is sensitive and specific,80 this study has settled a foundation for developing a new type diagnostic reagent of plague.

4.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 426-429, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-294323

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To apply and evaluate new methods regarding specific gene and antigen detection in plague surveillance program.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>1798 samples from natural foci of plague were tested, using internal quality control multiple-polymerase chain reaction, F1 antigen marked by immuno chromatographic assay and enzyme linked immunosorbent assay. Culture of Yersinia pestis and reverse indirect hemagglutination assay were used as reference diagnostic methods.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The overall positive rate of culture on Yersinia pestis together with gene and antigen detection was 7.34%, showing an 16.81% increase when comparing to 6.28% using Yersinia pestis culture method alone. The rate of coincidence was 97.13%.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The new standard being used for specific gene and antigen detection could increase the positive rate of diagnosis on plague.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Bacterial Proteins , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Mice , Plague , Microbiology , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Yersinia pestis , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Virulence
5.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 712-715, 2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-233888

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the genotyping of Bacillus anthracis based on multiple-locus variable-number tandem repeats(VNTR) in the B. anthracis genome.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We selected 13 VNTR loci (which cited from published articles) to study 88 strains of B. anthracis isolated from China. The methods used were: (1) Selecting the primers which were at both ends of the tandem repeat locus; (2) Amplifying the sequence of the locus by PCR; (3)cDetecting the PCR products by agarose gel and polyacrylamide electrophoresis; (4)Analyzing the PCR products and computing the molecular weight by analysis software of gel images;(5) Double-checking with sequencing results; (6)Reckoning the repeat numbers and study the VNTRs loci characters.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>(1) We used multiple-locus variable-number tandem repeat analysis (MLVA) to characterize 88 B. anthracis isolates from diverse geographic locations which were divided into 45 MLVA genotypes and 3 groups through cluster analysis. The genotypes was relative to restricted geographical region. It seemed clear that the multiple isolates from the same anthrax outbreak frequently having identical genotypes. (2)Results from VNTR analysis showed that A16R vaccine strain isolated from China was having the nature of representativeness in the country.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Analysis showed that the VNTR patterns was an appropriate study method for B. anthracis genetic diversity from different geographical areas and different time. Isolates from the same anthrax outbreak had identical</p>


Subject(s)
Anthrax , Epidemiology , Genetics , Bacillus anthracis , Genetics , China , Epidemiology , Genetic Variation , Genotype , Geography , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Sequence Analysis, DNA , Tandem Repeat Sequences
6.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 613-616, 2005.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-331823

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>Establishing and developing methods for quick, special and of Yersinia pestis (Y. pestis).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Using real-time fluorescence polymerase chain reaction (PCR) based on TaqMan technology with UDG anti-contamination systems and ROX reference dye, we established a method to detect Y. pestis. Probes and primers from pla, caf1, hms and inv gene were designed. An internal positive control was added to the reaction mixture in order to detect the presence of PCR inhibitors that were often found in biological samples. Sensitivity was evaluated by serial dilution of colons, internal template and Y. pestis strains while specificity was confirmed by amplifying real DNAs from bacteria, the representative Y. pestis strains and blind assay.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The methods used could provide quick, special and sensitive detection of Y. pestis, with sensitivities of pla, f1, hms as 10, 1 and 1 copie(s) respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The newly developed technologies seemed to be well suited to identify the Y. pestis in case of emergency, bio-terrorist attack and surveillance of the epidemics.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , DNA Primers , Genetics , DNA, Bacterial , Genetics , Metabolism , Liver , Microbiology , Mice , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Methods , Reference Standards , Reference Standards , Taq Polymerase , Metabolism , Time Factors , Yersinia pestis , Classification , Genetics , Metabolism
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-232138

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>For the detection of Yersinia pestis by polymerase chain reaction (PCR), internal control (IC) is required in order to prevent false negative results that might be caused by PCR inhibitors.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>F1 antigen was amplified by PCR with primer F1 and the PCR product of primer F1 were cloned with TOPO TA cloning Kit. The plasmid of positive clone was then digested with HpaI. The digested plasmid and the PCR products of 16S rRNA were ligated with T(4) DNA ligase before the ligated products were transformed. Isolate plasmid DNA on positive clone and its concentration were measured. Plasmid DNA on different concentration by PCR amplification with primer F1 was analyzed and the standard concentration of IC was determined.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Constructing an IC by inserting a 16S rRNA amplicon to the original target DNA between the two primer F1 sites, the size was longer than the target DNA. The standard concentration of IC was determined.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>An optimal IC concentration to increase the reliability of the PCR assays might be used to prevent false negative results and appeared to be useful for detection of Yersinia pestis.</p>


Subject(s)
Bacterial Proteins , DNA, Bacterial , False Negative Reactions , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Methods , RNA, Ribosomal, 16S , Sensitivity and Specificity , Yersinia pestis
8.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 509-513, 2004.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-342323

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To understand the molecular biological characteristics in order to analyse the genetic background of Yersinia pestis in China.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Primary datum on ribotyping, pulsed field gene electrophoresis (PFGE), random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) and insertion sequence (IS) of Yersinia pestis were used and under cluster analysis. Genetic interval and various methods of recognized molecular feature between different strains were evaluated.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Ribotypes the PFGE types seemed to be corresponding. Stains from Microtus fuscus and area in Tibet Zhongba belonged to 7 copy rRNA gene and the genetic interval were the far more with 6 copy rRNA gene stains, and not definite with RAPD, but with many exceptions. The genetic interval between strains were showed by resemble value.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Yersinia pestis in China had its own manifold, particular molecular biological characteristics due to natural barriers, geographical complex, circumstances in Tianshan Mountains and Gandise Mountains areas. Yersinia pestis were limited to separateness, evoluted only in certain areas to form a great many gene types.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , China , Cluster Analysis , DNA, Bacterial , Genetics , Electrophoresis, Gel, Pulsed-Field , Genetic Drift , Genotype , Geography , Humans , Mice , Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA Technique , Ribotyping , Yersinia pestis , Classification , Genetics
9.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 886-889, 2004.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-325008

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the relation between the absence of one IS100 in the 102 kb pgm locus of Yersinia pestis and the stability of pigmentation phenotype (pgm(+)).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We amplified the segment including IS100 in 102 kb pgm locus of Yersinia pestis that isolated from all ecotypes in China by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). There were 171 strains isolated from 18 ecotypes in this study. One strain was chosen to be cloned and sequenced.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Besides the type of Microtus brandti, the types of East-North Tianshan, A and B of West-North Tianshan, Microtus Qinghai had one band with about 2560 bp. These strains lost one IS100 in 102 kb pgm locus of Yersinia pestis. Their pgm(+) phenotype was stable. Some strains of ecotypes from Qilian Mountain, Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, Gangdisi Mountain, West Yunnan Mountain had no bands in the PCR products. Negative strains would lose the whole 102 kb pgm locus. The others had one band with 4492 bp. These strains had two IS100 which flanked the 102 kb pgm locus but the pgm(+) phenotype was unstable.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Yersinia pestis which had only one IS100 would flank the 102 kb pgm locus and had stable pgm(+) phenotype while the Yersinia pestis that having two IS100 flanked the 102 kb pgm locus would have unstable pgm(+) phenotype.</p>


Subject(s)
Bacterial Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Cloning, Molecular , DNA, Bacterial , Genetics , Genetic Variation , Genomic Instability , Phenotype , Pigmentation , Genetics , Yersinia pestis , Genetics
10.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 291-295, 2003.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-348846

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To find out the differences between 102 kb pgm locus of Yersinia pestis isolated from Microtus brandti with of other types, and the characters of Yersinia pestis isolated from Microtus brandti caused by their makeup of the 102 kb pgm locus.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>102 kb pgm locus of Yersinia pestis isolated from Microtus brandti and Yersinia pestis isolated from Marmota himalayana were amplified by polymerase chain reation (PCR) with 25 pair of nested primers. The PCR products of one pair of primer were obviously different, and then cloned and sequenced. Sequences were searched against current protein and nucleotide databases, using BLAST.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The 102 kb pgm locus of Yersinia pestis isolated from Microtus brandti was devoid one IS100. In addition, it had more copies than other types in the similar variable-number tandem repeat sequences.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The 102 kb pgm locus of Yersinia pestis was different from that of other types. It had only one IS100 flanked it, which corresponded to the character that its pgm(+) phenotype was stable. Further study was needed to confirm the relationship between the diminution virulence of Yersinia pestis isolated from Microtus brandti and the loss of IS100 and other changes.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Arvicolinae , Microbiology , Bacterial Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , China , Epidemiology , Cloning, Molecular , DNA, Bacterial , Humans , Pigments, Biological , Genetics , Plague , Epidemiology , Microbiology , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Repetitive Sequences, Nucleic Acid , Sequence Analysis, DNA , Virulence , Genetics , Yersinia pestis , Genetics , Virulence
11.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1005-1009, 2003.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-246416

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>The strains of Yersinia pestis isolated in different period and different natural foci in China were analyzed.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Traditional and molecular biological methods were used. Rhamnose fermentation, rRNA gene copy number, nitrite reduction, and the glycerol fermentation were important characters for typing, and pulse field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) and random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) profile could reflect the genetic distance between the strains.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The strains could be divided into 15 genetic types by those 6 characters with each of them covered an isolated geographical territories.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The characters of strains were described; the genetic relationship of different types, their evolution, and the forming and shift of plague natural foci were analyzed.</p>


Subject(s)
China , Databases, Genetic , Electrophoresis, Gel, Pulsed-Field , Genetic Drift , Geography , Mutation , Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA Technique , Yersinia pestis , Classification , Genetics
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