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China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 40-44, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879403


OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the biomechanical affect of percutaneous transforaminal endoscopic discectomy(PTED) on adjacent segments with different degrees of degeneration and related risk of adjacent segment diseases (ASD) caused by this operation.@*METHODS@#A healthy male adult volunteer was selected, and the lumbosacral vertebra image data was obtained by CT scan, and the external contour of the bone structure was reconstructed. On this basis, the external contour of the bone structure was fitted by using the smooth curve in 3D-CAD software, and the complete three-dimensional finite element modelof the non degenerate L@*RESULTS@#In the finite element model without adjacent segmental disc degeneration, the annulus fibrosus von Mises stress and intradiscal pressure of the PTED model showed only a slight increase under most stress conditions, and a slight decrease in a few conditions, and there was no significant change trend before and after surgery. In the original degenerated adjacent segment disc model, the biomechanical indicators related to disc degeneration in the pre- and post-PTED model showed significant deterioration, leading to an increased risk of potential adjacent spondylopathy.@*CONCLUSION@#PTED surgery will not lead to the significant deterioration of postoperative biomechanical environment of non-degeneration adjacent intervertebral discs, and the original degeneration of adjacent intervertebral discs is a important risk factor for ASD.

Adult , Humans , Male , Biomechanical Phenomena , Diskectomy, Percutaneous , Finite Element Analysis , Intervertebral Disc/surgery , Intervertebral Disc Degeneration/surgery , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Range of Motion, Articular
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 1050-1053, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817977


Objective How to improve the operational safety of foraminoplasty has become a hot spot in present clinical research. This study was to observe the clinical effect of minimally invasive treatment of lumbar disc herniation by percutaneous transforaminal endoscopic discectomy (PTED) combined with dynamically assisted visualized intervertebral foraminoplasty (VIVF).Methods Totally, 61 patients with lumbar disc herniation underwent PTED combined with dynamically assisted VIVF in Jiangsu Provincial Hospital of Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine from January to November 2017. We evaluated the clinical effects using the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS), Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) and modified Macnab Criteria.Results The VAS scores of the patients were significantly lower at 3 days, 3 months and 6 months after surgery than the baseline (1.10±0.60, 1.03±0.26 and 1.07±0.31 vs 7.64±1.11, P<0.05), and so were the ODIs (2.10±0.54, 1.30±0.49 and 1.23±0.46 vs 34.46±3.57, P<0.05). The excellence rate of treatment 96.72% (59/61). None of the patients experienced such postoperative complications as nerve root injury, spinal injury, and dural matter, and no recurrence was observed.Conclusion PTED combined with dynamically assisted VIVF is safe and effective for the treatment of lumbar disc herniation.