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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927408

ABSTRACT

Based on the data mining technology, the main indications and compatibility rules of Ciliao (BL 32) were analyzed and summarized. The relevant literature was retrieved from the databases of CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, Cochrane Library, SinoMed, Scopus, Web of Science, EMbase and PubMed, from the date of establishment to September 8, 2021. Using the software of SPSS Modeler 18.0 and Gephi0.9.2, the included literature was analyzed by data mining. A total of 218 articles were included, of them, there were 36 articles using single-acupoint prescriptions and 182 articles using compound prescriptions. Acupuncture was the most frequently used intervention of Ciliao (BL 32), followed by electroacupuncture. Dysmenorrhea and labor analgesia were the dominant indications of single-acupoint prescriptions of Ciliao (BL 32), and 9 diseases i.e. dysmenorrhea, urinary incontinence, urinary retention, chronic pelvic inflammatory disease, chronic prostatitis and lumbar disc herniation were the dominant indications of compound prescriptions. The main indications of Ciliao (BL 32) involved diseases of reproductive system, urinary system and waist. There were 92 acupoints in compatibility with Ciliao (BL 32), which were main belonged to the bladder meridian, the conception vessel and the spleen meridian, the most frequently used acupoints were Sanyinjiao (SP 6), Guanyuan (CV 4), Shenshu (BL 23) and Zhongji (CV 3).


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Data Mining , Dysmenorrhea , Female , Humans , Male , Meridians
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927379

ABSTRACT

To summarize LIU Zhi-shun's clinical experience in treatment of infertility with decreasing ovarian reserve (DOR) with electroacupuncture. LIU Zhi-shun believes that the location of infertility with DOR is the uterus, mainly involving the kidney, thoroughfare and conception vessels. He advocates to select acupoints by combining "disease-symptom-position" with prescription, and selects acupoint prescription of Bushen Tiaochong Zhuyun included Guanyuan (CV 4), Zigong (EX-CA 1), Tianshu (ST 25), Sanyinjiao (SP 6), Ciliao (BL 32) and Zhongliao (BL 33) for electroacupuncture treatment. The key points of operation are accurate positioning and deep acupuncture, focusing on regulating mind and getting qi, adopting electroacupuncture treatment and low frequency stimulation and treating slowly for long-term disease.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Electroacupuncture , Female , Humans , Infertility , Ovarian Reserve
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777257

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the efficacy and safety of electroacupuncture (EA) on improving mini-mental state examination (MMSE) in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD), and to evaluate the efficacy during follow-up visit.@*METHODS@#Forty patients were randomly divided into a treatment group and a control group, 20 patients in each one (3 patients dropped off in the treatment group and 4 patients in the control group). The patients in the treatment group were treated with acupuncture at Baihui (GV 20), Fengfu (GV 16), Shenting (GV 24), Taiyang (EX-HN 5), Shangyintang (Extra 3) and Dazhong (KI 14); besides, EA was applied at Taiyang (EX-HN 5), Baihui (GV 20) and Shenting (GV 24) with dilatational wave, 10 Hz/50 Hz in frequency, 0.5 to 5.0 mA in intensity, once every two days, three treatments per week. The patients in the control group were treated with oral administration of donepezil hydrochloride tablets, once a day, taken before sleep. The treatment was given for 12 weeks in the two groups. The MMSE was evaluated before treatment, 12 weeks±3 days into treatment, and 24 weeks±7 days after treatment, respectively.@*RESULTS@#The difference of total score of MMSE before and 12 weeks±3 days into treatment was not significant between the two groups (>0.05); the total score of MMSE after treatment was higher than that before treatment (both <0.05); compared before treatment, the short-term memory score was increased in the treatment group (<0.05), and the increasing range was superior to that in the control group (<0.05). Compared before treatment, the total score of MMSE in the two groups were reduced 24 weeks ±7 days after treatment (both <0.05), and the reduction in the treatment group was less than that in the control group (<0.05); the differences of short-term memory score before and after treatment was significant between the two groups (<0.05). No adverse reaction occurred in the two groups.@*CONCLUSION@#The effect of EA on improving MMSE in patients with AD is similar to donepezil supported by evidence-based medicine. The effect of EA may have a certain continuous effect, and may have advantages in instantaneous memory. In addition, the EA is safe.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Alzheimer Disease , Psychology , Therapeutics , Case-Control Studies , Electroacupuncture , Humans , Mental Status and Dementia Tests
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-331466

ABSTRACT

Two randomized controlled trials of acupuncture concerning polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and stress urinary incontinence (SUI) were published simultaneously in the 24th issue, 2017 of The Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA). A trial involving PCOS indicated that active acupuncture did not increase live birth compared with sham acupuncture; meanwhile, another trial referring to SUI showed that electroacupuncture resulted in less urine leakage compared with sham electroacupuncture. With an eye to the negative and positive results of acupuncture, three pivotal factors should be contemplated: (1) proper illness for acupuncture, that is, a problem need to be solved in current medical science, and acupuncture may really work for it; (2) proper pre-studied primary outcome, which is better be objective and repeatedly measurable to reveal the therapeutic effect of acupuncture truly and objectively; (3) proper sham control, which can blind the patients to the upmost extent with minimal biological effects. Through the publication of clinical trials of acupuncture in high-impact journals in recent years, researchers should have confidence in their clinical trials by pondering over these three pivotal factors.

5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-287143

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the efficacy and safety of electroacupuncture at Tianshu (ST25) for patients with functional constipation (FC).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Ninety-six patients with FC were randomized to receive deep needling on bilateral ST25 (group A, 48 cases) or shallow needling on bilateral ST25 (group B, 48 cases) with electroacupuncture once daily for 4 weeks. The proportion of patients with four or more complete spontaneous bowel movements (CSBMs) per week, and scores of constipation symptoms and satisfaction with treatment were compared between two groups. Safety was also assessed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The proportion of patients with four or more CSBMs per week was 52.1% in group A, significantly higher than 25.0% in group B during the 4-week treatment (P<0.05). The constipation symptom score of patients were significantly improved in group A as compared with group B at week 2-4 (P<0.05). Patients in group A were more satisfied with their treatment compared with those in group B at week 1-4 (P<0.05). Five patients in group A felt significant pain and discomfort. No other adverse reaction was observed in both groups.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Using electroacupuncture at ST25 to treat patients with FC is effectively, and deep needling had more stable effect than shallow needling.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Constipation , Therapeutics , Defecation , Physiology , Electroacupuncture , Humans , Middle Aged , Patient Satisfaction , Pilot Projects , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-314294

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate preliminarily the efficacy on functional constipation treated with electroacupuncture of different acupoint prescriptions.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>One hundred and four patients were randomized into a front-mu and back-shu points group (19 cases), a he-sea points group (34 cases), a he-sea, front-mu and back-shu points group (26 cases) and a western medication control group (25 cases). In the front-mu and back-shu points group, electroacupuncture was applied at bilateral Tianshu (ST 25) and Dachangshu (BL 25). In the he-sea points group, electroacupuncture was applied at bilateral Quchi (LI 11) and Shangjuxu (ST 37). In the he-sea, front-mu and back-shu points group, electroacupuncture was applied at unilateral Tianshu (ST 25), Dachangshu (BL 25), Quchi (LI 11) and Shangjuxu (ST 37). In the three groups above, the treatment was given 5 times a week in the first two weeks and 3 times a week in the next two weeks. In the western medication control group, mosapride citrate tablets were prescribed for oral administration, 1 table (5 mg) each time, 3 times a day, continuously for 4 weeks. The period of research was 9 weeks, including 1 week for baseline evaluation, 4 weeks for treatment and 4 weeks for follow-up. The weekly defecation frequency was taken as primary index, while the defecation difficulty and life quality score were taken as the secondary indices for the efficacy evaluation after treatment and in follow-up.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>According to the intention-to-treat (ITT) analytic principle, 104 cases were all enrolled in the final analysis. (1) After treatment, the weekly frequency of defecation was all increased significantly in the four groups (P < 0.05, P < 0.01). The efficacy of the three electroacupuncture groups was similar to that of western medication control group (P > 0.05). In follow-up, the increasing effect on the weekly frequency of defecation was maintained in the he-sea points group (P < 0.01), superior to the front-mu and back-shu points group and the western medication control group (P < 0.05, P < 0.01); the weekly frequency of defecation was not improved in the rest three groups (P > 0.05). (2) After treatment, defecation difficulty was relieved in the he-sea points group, the he-sea, front-mu and back-shu points group and the western medication control group (P < 0.05, P < 0.01). In follow-up, the improvements were still significant in the he-sea points group and the he-sea, front-mu and back-shu points group (both P < 0.01). (3) After treatment, the life quality score was significantly improved in the patients of the he-sea points group (P < 0.05). The difference was not significant in the rest three groups as compared with that before treatment (all P > 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The weekly frequency of defecation is increased effectively after treatment in the three electroacupuncture groups and the efficacy is similar to mosapride citrate tablets. The bilateral Quchi (LI 11) and Shangjuxu (ST 37) in he-sea acupoints increase significantly the weekly frequency of defecation, relieve defecation difficulty and improve life quality. Acupuncture efficacy is sustained for 4 weeks. This acupoints prescription is the best in the treatment of functional constipation.</p>


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Adult , Aged , Constipation , Therapeutics , Defecation , Electroacupuncture , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-337238

ABSTRACT

To effectively guarantee quality of randomized controlld trial (RCT) of acupuncture and develop reasonable content and checklist of on-site quality control, influencing factors on quality of acupuncture RCT are analyzed and scientificity of quality control content and feasibility of on-site manipulation are put into overall consideration. Based on content and checklist of on-site quality control in National 11th Five-Year Plan Project Optimization of Comprehensive Treatment Plan for TCM in Prevention and Treatment of Serious Disease and Clinical Assessment on Generic Technology and Quality Control Research, it is proposed that on-site quality control of acupuncture RCT should be conducted with PICOST (patient, intervention, comparison, out come, site and time) as core, especially on quality control of interveners' skills and outcome assessment of blinding, and checklist of on-site quality control is developed to provide references for undertaking groups of the project.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Reference Standards , China , Humans , Quality Control , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Reference Standards , Research Design , Reference Standards
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-337222

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare efficacy differences between fire filiform needle combined with mild moxibustion and gabapentin combined with sham acupuncture for postherpetic neuralgia (PHN).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>One hundred cases of PHN were randomly divided into a needle group and a medicine group, 50 cases in each one. In the needle group, pricking method of fire filiform needle was given at the Ashi points, and then mild moxibustion was applied for 15 min. In the medicine group, the oral administration of gabapentin capsule and sham acupuncture at non-acupoints in the distal end of lesions were applied. The treatment was required for 21 days in both groups. The visual analogue score (VAS) was recorded before treatment and on the 1st day, 2nd day, 3rd day, 6th day, 9th day and 12th day of treatment. The most severity of pain within last 24 h, preset severity of pain, immediate analgesia effect and starting time of pain relief were observed, also the efficacy was assessed and improvement of symptoms was observed in the follow-up visit.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The total effective rate was 94.0% (47/50) in the fire filiform needle group, which was superior to 86.0% (43/50) in the medicine group (P < 0.05). Compared with medicine group, the VAS of the most severity of pain within last 24 h was obviously reduced after the 2nd treatment in the fire filiform needle group while that of present severity of pain was relieved after the 1st treatment (both P < 0.05). The immediate analgesia effect in the fire filiform needle group was obviously superior to that in the medicine group in the first three times of treatment (all P < 0.05). The average time of pain relief was (3.91 +/- 0.82) days in the fire filiform needle group, which was significantly earlier to (6.53 +/- 1.13) days in the medicine group (P < 0.05). 26 cases were cured in the fire filiform needle group in the follow-up visit, which was superior to 2 cases in the medicine group (P < 0.05). The improvement of VAS, pain range and sleep quality in the needle group were also superior to those in the medicine group (all P < 0.05). The direct medical cost in the fire filiform needle group was (232.32 +/- 48.108) yuan, which was significantly lower than (466.00 +/- 41.09) yuan in the medicine group (P < 0.05). There was only one case of adverse effect in the medicine group during the treatment.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The fire filiform needle combined with mild moxibustion could obviously relieve the pain in PHN patients, which has superior immediate analgesia effect and pain relieving time compared with gabapentin, which also has less adverse effects and cheap cost.</p>


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Aged , Combined Modality Therapy , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Moxibustion , Neuralgia, Postherpetic , Therapeutics , Pain Measurement , Treatment Outcome
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-306224

ABSTRACT

The STandards for Reporting Interventions in Clinical Trials Of Moxibustion (STRICTOM), in the form of a checklist and descriptions of checklist items, were designed to improve reporting of moxibustion trials, and thereby facilitating their interpretation and replication. The STRICTOM checklist included 7 items and 16 sub-items. These set out reporting guidelines for the moxibustion rationale, details of moxibustion, treatment regimen, other components of treatment, treatment provider background, control and comparator interventions, and precaution measures. In addition, there were descriptions of each item and examples of good reporting. It is intended that the STRICTOM can be used in conjunction with the main CONSORT Statement, extensions for nonpharmacologic treatment and pragmatic trials, and thereby raise the quality of reporting of clinical trials of moxibustion. Further comments will be solicited from the experts of the CONSORT Group, the STRICTA Group, acupuncture and moxibustion societies, and clinical trial authors for optimizing the STRICTOM.


Subject(s)
Clinical Trials as Topic , Methods , Reference Standards , Humans , Moxibustion , Methods , Reference Standards , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Research Design , Reference Standards
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-271340

ABSTRACT

Differences and relations between effects of acupuncture therapy and sham acupuncture are systematically analyzed in this article through the influential factors of acupuncture effect. And it is held that sham acupuncture effect is not exactly equal to placebo effect. The effects of both acupuncture and sham acupuncture are composed by specific effects and non-specific effects, and the differences of non-specific effects between acupunc ture and sham acupuncture can be minimized furthest with blinding and randomized method. Therefore, the difference of acupuncture and sham acupuncture treatment rests with the degree of differences of the specific effects. Only when both of the specific effect of acupuncture and the effect of acupuncture are minimized, can it be applied as the ideal placebo control. Consequently when placebo acupunture are setted up, factors such as the body condition, site of stimulation and stimulation parameters which can influence the specific effect of acupuncture should be taken into consideration to produce the relatively minimum specific effect.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Psychology , Controlled Clinical Trials as Topic , Methods , Psychology , Humans , Placebo Effect , Research Design , Treatment Outcome
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-247060

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the follow-up efficacy and safety on slow transit constipation (STC) treated with individualized deep puncture at Tianshu (ST 25).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>One hundred and twenty-eight cases of STC were randomized into a deep puncture group (64 cases), a western medication group (31 cases) and a shallow puncture group (33 cases) at the ratio of 2:1:1. In the deep puncture group, electroacupuncture of deep puncture was applied to bilateral Tianshu (ST 25). The needle was inserted perpendicularly and slowly at the acupoint and went deeply till penetrating the peritoneum, about 20 to 65 mm in depth. In the western medication group, lactulose oral liquid was prescribed for oral administration. In the shallow puncture group, electroacupuncture of shallow puncture was done at bilateral Tianshu (ST 25). The needle was inserted perpendicularly and slowly, 5 to 8 mm in depth. The treatment lasted 4 weeks in the three groups and the follow-up visit of 12 weeks and 6 month after treatment was performed respectively. The weekly defecation frequency, patient's satisfaction and safety of deep puncture at Tianshu (ST 25) were assessed before and after treatment in each group.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In the deep puncture group, the weekly defecation frequency was (1.79 +/- 1.05) times/week before treatment and was (3.90 +/- 1.43) times/week after 4-week treatment. It was (3.49 +/- 1.46) times/week in 12-week follow-up visit after treatment and was (3.51 +/- 1.42) times/week in 6-month follow-up visit after treatment. In the deep puncture group, the improvements in weekly defecation frequency, patient's satisfaction and short-term efficacy were same as those in the western medication group and the shallow puncture group (all P > 0.05). The long-term efficacy in follow-up visit was better remarkably than that in the western medication group (P < 0.05, P < 0.01). Besides, the combined medication was reduced and no adverse reaction occurred.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The individualized deep puncture at Tianshu (ST 25) is effective in the treatment of STC and achieves the satisfactory long-term efficacy. This therapy displays the good effective advantage and deserves to be promoted in clinical practice of acupuncture and moxibustion therapeutic program as compared with the first-tier line of medication, lactulose oral liquid, recommended at home and abroad, in terms of the evidence-based medicine.</p>


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Adult , Aged , Constipation , Psychology , Therapeutics , Defecation , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Patient Satisfaction , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-322638

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To discuss the individual operation standard and safety on the deep puncturing at Tianshu (ST 25).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The deep insertion through the peritoneum about 1-2 millimeter was taken as individual standard depth at Tianshu (ST 25) for 39 patients. Using CT cross-section scanning and image surveying, the regression analysis was conducted on the impacts of abdominal circumference (AC,cm) to the peritoneum depth.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>It was concluded the formula for calculating the satisfactory depth of individual insertion at Tianshu (ST 25), depth = -0.562 + 0.045 x AC.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The depth of insertion, 1-2 millimeter through peritoneum at Tianshu (ST 25) is safe and feasible in acupuncture treatment, which can be used significantly as the reference and guidance for the assessment of clinical operation and safety on the deep puncturing of the other acupoints on the abdominal region.</p>


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Methods , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Regression Analysis , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-263199

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the feasibility of electroacupuncture compound anesthesia in radiofrequency ablation for hypertrophic inferior turbinate.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The patients confirmed to the enrolled criteria were randomly divided into an observation group (n = 31) and a control group (n = 30). The observation group was treated with electroacupuncture at Sibai (ST 2), Xiaguan (ST 7), Hegu (LI 4) and Zhigou (TE 6) on the left side and routine local anesthesia on the right side. The control group was treated with routine local anesthesia on the both side. The feelings of pain, circulatory index and operation effect were observed and compared.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>During radiofrequency ablation, the pain grade of two measurements on the left side and the 2nd measurement on the right in the observation group were all lower than those in the control group (all P<0.05). In the observation group, the pain grades on the left side were lower than that on the right side (P<0.05), and the systolic blood pressure and the heart rate were lower than that in the control group when undergoing the 2nd radiofrequency ablation on the right side and on the left side, respectively (both P<0.05). There was no significant difference in operation effect between the two groups.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Electroacupuncture compound anesthesia can meet the analgesia requirement of radiofrequency ablation for treatment of hypertrophic inferior turbinate, and would be helpful to prevent cyclic fluctuation during the operation at the same time.</p>


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Analgesia , Adult , Anesthesia , Catheter Ablation , Electroacupuncture , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Treatment Outcome , Turbinates , General Surgery , Young Adult
14.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1038-1040, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-322684

ABSTRACT

Based on the optimum clinical evidence, consulting the international guide, the outstanding guidelines of acupuncture clinical practices is formulated in order to promote the process of acupuncture modernization and internationalization. According to consensus of experts, using the questionnaire method, integrating the characteristics and requirements for acupuncture clinical practices, the guidelines reflect the characteristics of acupuncture, for instance, applicability, inheritance, holism, and the discipline characteristics. Thus, the guidelines will standardize the treatments in acupuncture clinical practices, strengthen medical service quality management, control medical costs, and promote the process of acupuncture modernization and internationalization.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Reference Standards , Humans , Practice Guidelines as Topic , Practice Patterns, Physicians' , Reference Standards
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-285187

ABSTRACT

The modernization and internationalization of acupuncture and moxibustion is inevitable trends to develop acupuncture and moxibustion. However, the acupuncture research findings in China are not accepted by the mainstream medicine abroad. The major problems are that the study purposes are not specific and the modern scientific research methods are not rationally used in acupuncture clinical study. Two major issues in acupuncture clinical study in China are the evaluation of the specificity of acupuncture and the overall effect of acupuncture treatment. The core and basis of acupuncture clinical study are the clarity of study purpose, following the law of evidence-based medicine and rational selection of modern scientific methods. On the basis of the characteristics of acupuncture and the specialty of acupuncture clinical study, for instance, the types of trial design, blind methods, the selection of control group and outcome assessment system, the objective of this paper provides research strategies for researchers and to improve the overall level of research in the acupuncture clinical study.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Methods , Biomedical Research , Methods , China , Clinical Trials as Topic , Humans , Moxibustion , Methods
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-254915

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To probe into a better therapeutic method for functional constipation.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Ninety-five cases of functional constipation were randomly divided into deep puncture at ST 25 group (48 cases), shallow puncture at ST 25 group (24 cases) and medication group (23 cases). In deep puncture at ST 25 group, Tianshu (ST 25) was punctured deeply to the peritoneum, with electric stimulation. In shallow puncture at ST 25 group, Tianshu (ST 25) was punctured shallowly, 5 mm beneath the skin, with electric stimulation. In medication group, Duphalac was administered orally. These cases were treated continuously for 4 weeks in 3 groups and followed up for 6 months. It was to observe the numbers of person who had defecation 4 times a week, difference in weekly defecation frequency and the difference in the Cleveland Clinic Score (CCS).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In deep puncture at ST 25 group, the frequency of weekly defecation and the numbers of person who had defecation 4 times a week increased and CCS decreased, which were similar to the efficacy in shallow puncture at ST 25 group (all P > 0.05). But the efficacy of both ST 25 groups was superior to that in medication group (both P < 0.05). In comparison, the deep puncture at ST 25 group acted more quickly than either shallow puncture at ST 25 group or medication group and its efficacy remained much longer.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The deep puncture at ST 25 with electric stimulation presents similar efficacy on functional constipation as shallow puncture at ST 25, but it acts more quickly than shallow puncture at ST 25, both of them are more advantageous than medication and the long-term efficacy is better.</p>


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Adult , Aged , Constipation , Therapeutics , Defecation , Electroacupuncture , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-260546

ABSTRACT

In order to improve the quality of acupuncture clinical trials, in view of the shortage of design and application of acupuncture clinical trials at present, the authors paper put forward concrete control measures from aspects of subjective factors, objective factors and quality monitoring of acupuncture clinical trials, which are helpful to guarantee the quality of trials and could be reference for other researchers. The results indicate that strict quality control measures are the guarantee of high-quality acupuncture clinical trials.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Methods , Reference Standards , Clinical Trials as Topic , Reference Standards , Humans , Quality Control
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-260528

ABSTRACT

The founding of clinical syndrome differentiation treatment system for acu-moxibustion is an important issue for the development of clinical acupuncture practices, and it has attracted extensive attention in the domestic and overseas circles in acu-moxibustion field. At present, the syndrome differentiation treatment system of internal medicine of TCM is literally carried out in clinical acu-moxibustion practices, syndrome differentiation according to zang-fu is used instead of syndrome differentiation according to meridian, hence, it is difficult to reflect the features and advantages of acupuncture and moxibustion. Although the goals of acu-moxibustion and Chinese herbal medicine treatments are consistent, but the methods and approaches of the treatment are different. Therefore, the syndrome differentiation treatment system are not in concordance. Acu-moxibustion has gradually established unique thinking model of treatment based syndrome differentiation including principle, methods, prescription, points and technique which are different from principle, methods, prescription and drugs of internal medicine of TCM.


Subject(s)
Humans , Internal Medicine , Methods , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Methods , Meridians , Moxibustion , Methods
19.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1021-1022, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-260466

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To promote a new kind of alternative needle of filiform-fire needle with fire needle.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The common three-headed fire needle, thick fire needle, less-thick fire needle, fine fire needle, single-filiform needle and three-filiform-needle were used by 20 medical staffs, and the time of heating needles was recorded. The advantages of using filiform needles compared with common fire needles were evaluated.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The time of heating single and three-filiform needles was shorter than the other four common fire needles (all P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Filiform needle is better than the common fire needle in terms of production process,materials, and heating time, etc. Therefore, filiform needles can replace common fire needles for pricking.</p>


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Adult , Equipment Design , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Needles , Young Adult
20.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1026-1028, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-260465

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To summarize the main electroacupuncture stimulation indexes used in clinical treatment and experimental study on sciatica, and to investigate the optimal stimulation index for sciatica treatment with electroacupuncture.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The data was obtained on line from the computerized general and specialized databases such as CBM, VIP, CNKI, and MEDLINE. Data analysis was focused on the different effects of electroacupuncture with different stimulation indexes.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>(Clinical research suggested that the commonly used electroacupuncture stimulation indexes included frequency of 1-20 Hz, electric current of 0.2-0.8 mA, continuous and dilatational waveform. The intensity of stimulation was endurable for patients. (2) The frequency of electroacupuncture used for animal experimental research was mainly concentrated among 2-20 Hz, which 2 Hz and 5 Hz had better effects for sciatica treatment with electroacupuncture. The scale of electric current was 0. 4-10 mA with intermittent waveform. The intensity of stimulation was decided by a visible muscle contraction occurred during the acupuncture.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Different kinds of electroacupuncture stimulation indexes have different effects on the treatment of sciatica. Therefore, it is still needed the more evidence from higher quality clinical trials to investigate the optimal electroacupuncture stimulation indexes on the treatment of sciatica.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Electroacupuncture , Methods , Humans , Muscle Contraction , Sciatica , Therapeutics
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