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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904343

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the association between hot spring bathing and the quality of life of smokers living in typical hot spring areas of Guizhou to make suggestions on improving their quality of life. Methods The study is a cross-sectional study whose data was collected by questionnaires. The WHO Quality of Life Scale(WHO QOL-BREEF)was used to measure quality of life. Results The quality of life in the psychological domain(14.09±1.83 vs 13.79±1.82, P < 0.05)and the environmental domain(12.70±1.84 vs 12.37±1.67, P < 0.05)among smokers who took hot spring baths was significantly higher than that among those who did not. After adopting ordinary logistic regression model to adjust for other factors, for the physical domain, the odd of scoring"good"in the WHO scale in group of smokers who took hot spring baths less that once a month was 0.70 lower than that in those who took baths at least once a month(OR=0.70, 95%CI: 0.54-0.91). In psychological domain, the odd of the group of smokers who did not take hot spring baths was 0.65 lower than that in those who took baths at least once a month(OR=0.65, 95%CI: 0.47-0.90). And the odd of the group of smokers who bathed less than once in a month was 0.71 lower than those who bathed at least once a month(OR=0.71, 95%CI: 0.54-0.92). Conclusion There is a positive relationship between hot spring bathing and quality of life, which prompts that people who smoke take hot spring baths to improve their quality of life.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904342

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate hot spring bathing behavior and chronic disease prevalence of residents aged 30 to 65 in typical hot spring areas of Guizhou Province. Methods Totally 3 708 individuals between 30 and 65 in five typical hot spring areas of Guizhou Province were included in this study. Their hot spring bathing behavior and chronic disease prevalence were recorded. Unconditional logistic regression was used to analyze the association between hot spring bathing and the incidence of chronic diseases. Results 71.3% of the residents in the hot spring areas had bathed in hot springs, with the proportion higher in males than females(χ2=92.856, P < 0.001). 76.3% of people took hot spring baths fewer than or equal to 6 times per year, 30.8% of residents often chose to take hot spring baths in the evening, and 37.6% of the residents took hot spring baths for 21-40 minutes. Bathing was more common in winter. 11.5% and 17.9% of the residents added other substances and used hot spring facilities, and most of them added traditional Chinese medicine and used the sauna. 46.6% and 41.6 % of the residents took hot spring baths to relax and relieve fatigue. The self-reported prevalence rate of chronic diseases was 522.1‰, and the top five single diseases were lumbar intervertebral disc disease(119.7‰), hypertension(118.1‰), urinary calculus(77.7‰), cervical intervertebral disc disease(53.7‰)and osteogenesis(44.5‰). Compared with those who never bathed in hot springs, taking hot spring baths 7-11 times a year was negatively correlated with chronic diseases.(OR=0.551, 95%CI: 0.345-0.879). Conclusion Hot spring bathing is popular in typical hot spring areas of Guizhou Province, but its frequency is not high. The overall prevalence of chronic diseases is relatively high, and the order of most prevalent chronic diseases is different from that in other areas. Proper hot spring bathing is negatively correlated with chronic diseases.

3.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2522-2529, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-338515

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cell is a monolayer of multifunctional cells between the retina and the choroid. Peroxynitrite (ONOO(-)) is known to induce toxicity on RPE cells. This study aimed to evaluate ONOO(-) induced expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and complement 3 (C3) via Fas/FasL pathway in RPE cells and the values of puerarin as a therapeutic target for inhibiting the apoptosis of RPE cells.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>RPE cells were obtained from eyes of C57BL/6 mice. RPE cells were divided into control, ONOO(-) and puerarin groups. Control group was treated with saline, ONOO(-) group was treated with ONOO(-), and puerarin group was treated with puerarin after added with ONOO(-). All changes were observered at 6, 12 and 24 hours after treatment. Western blotting analysis was used to determine the expression of nitrotyrosine (NT, the foot print of ONOO(-)) and C3; flow cytometry was used to determine the apoptosis of RPE cells. Immunohistochemistry and Western blotting were used to determine Fas/FasL signal transduction. Gene array analysis, reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and Western blotting were used to determine the expression of iNOS mRNA and iNOS protein in RPE cells.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There were minor expression of NT, C3, Fas/FasL and iNOS mRNA in control group, and strong expression of NT and C3 in ONOO(-) group, while in puerarin group weak expressions of NT and C3 were detected as time passed by (P < 0.001). Apoptosis of RPE cells occured and reached a higher level at 6 and 24 hours after addition of ONOO(-) respectively in ONOO(-) group, but delayed apoptosis in puerarin group (P < 0.05). Compared to control group, the expression of Fas/FasL was up-regulated in ONOO(-) group, but was down-regulated in puerarin group (P < 0.001). Similarly, the expressions of iNOS mRNA and iNOS protein in ONOO(-)group were up-regulated in ONOO(-) group, but down-regulated in puerarin group (P < 0.001).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>ONOO(-) expresseion in RPE cells may constitute the new way of oxidant stress. Fas/FasL signal transduction pathway and C3 may affect and reinforce apoptosis mediated by ONOO(-). Puerarin could reverse ONOO(-) damage on RPE cells. The antagonizing mechanism of puerarin may be related to its inhibitory to the expression of iNOS mRNA, and therefore decrease ONOO(-) formation as well as directly antagonize the effect of ONOO(-). Furthermore, puerarin may be an useful therapeutic agent against apoptosis of RPE cells.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Blotting, Western , Cells, Cultured , Complement C3 , Genetics , Metabolism , Epithelial Cells , Metabolism , Fas Ligand Protein , Genetics , Metabolism , Flow Cytometry , Immunohistochemistry , Isoflavones , Pharmacology , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type II , Genetics , Metabolism , Peroxynitrous Acid , Pharmacology , Pigment Epithelium of Eye , Cell Biology , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , fas Receptor , Genetics , Metabolism
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-280946

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study relevant anatomical features of the structures involved in transoral atlanto-axial reduction plate (TARP) internal fixation through transoral approach for treating irreducible atlanto-axial dislocation and providing anatomical basis for the clinical application of TARP.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Ten fresh craniocervical specimens were microsurgically dissected layer by layer through transoral approach. The stratification of the posterior pharyngeal wall, the course of the vertebral artery, anatomical relationships of the adjacent structures of the atlas and axis, and the closely relevant anatomical parameters for TARP internal fixation were measured.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The posterior pharyngeal wall consisted of two layers and two interspaces: the mucosa, prevertebral fascia, retropharyngeal space, and prevertebral space. The range from the anterior edge of the foramen magnum to C(3) could be exposed by this approach. The thickness of the posterior pharyngeal wall was (3.6+/-0.3) mm (ranging 2.9-4.3 mm) at the anterior tubercle of C1, (6.1+/-0.4) mm (ranging 5.2-7.1 mm) at the lateral mass of C(1) and (5.5+/-0.4) mm (ranging 4.3-6.5 mm) at the central part of C(2), respectively. The distance from the incisor tooth to the anterior tubercle of C(1), C(1) screw entry point, and C(2)screw entry point was (82.5+/-7.8) mm (ranging 71.4-96.2 mm), (90.1+/-3.8) mm (ranging 82.2-96.3 mm), and (89.0+/-4.1) mm (ranging 81.3-95.3 mm), respectively. The distance between the vertebral artery at the atlas and the midline was (25.2+/- 2.3) mm (ranging 20.4-29.7 mm) and that between the vertebral artery at the axis and the midline was (18.4+/- 2.6) mm (ranging 13.1-23.0 mm). The allowed width of the atlas and axis for exposure was (39.4+/-2.2) mm (ranging 36.2-42.7 mm) and (39.0+/-2.1) mm (ranging 35.8-42.3 mm), respectively. The distance (a) between the two atlas screw insertion points (center of anterior aspect of C(1) lateral mass) was (31.4+/-3.3) mm (ranging 25.4-36.6 mm). The vertical distance (b) between the line connecting the two C(1) screw entry points and that connecting the two C(2) screw entry points (at the central part of the vertebrae, namely 3-4 mm lateral to the midline of C(2) vertebrae) was (21.3+/-2.7) mm (ranging 19.4-24.3 mm), with an a/b ratio of 1.3-1.5. The screws of TARP had a lateral tilt of 12.2 degrees+/-0.4 degrees(ranging 10.2 degrees-14.6 degrees) at C(1) and a medial tilt of 7.3 degrees+/-0.3 degrees (ranging 5.1 degrees-9.4 degrees) at C(2) relative to the coronal plane.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>An atlanto-axial surgery through transoral approach is safe and feasible. This approach is suitable for an anterior TARP internal fixation, and the design of the internal fixation system should be based on the above anatomical data.</p>


Subject(s)
Atlanto-Axial Joint , General Surgery , Bone Plates , Bone Screws , Cadaver , Decompression, Surgical , Methods , Humans , Internal Fixators , Joint Dislocations , General Surgery , Mouth , General Surgery , Spinal Fusion , Methods , Vertebral Artery
5.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 1325-1329, 2004.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-345079

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To provide anatomical data for transoral atlantoaxial reduction plate internal fixation.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Microsurgical dissecting was performed on 10 fresh craniocervical specimens layer by layer according to transoral approach. Stratification of posterior pharyngeal wall, course of vertebral artery, adjacent relationships of atlas and axis and correlative anatomical parameters of internal fixation to atlantoaxial joint were observed.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>(1) Posterior pharyngeal wall consisted of 2 layers and 2 interspace: mucosa, anterior fascia of vertebrae, posterior interspace of pharynx and anterior interspace of vertebrae. (2) The range from anterior rim of foramen magnum to C3 could be exposed by this approach. (3) The distance between the vertebral artery at atlas and midline was (25.2 +/- 2.3) mm and that between the vertebral artery at axis and midline was (18.4 +/- 2.6) mm. (4) The width of atlas and that of axis could be exposed respectively to (39.4 +/- 2.2) mm and (39.0 +/- 2.1) mm. The distance (a) between 2 atlas screw inserting points (center of anterior aspect of C-1 lateral mass) was (31.4 +/- 3.3) mm. The vertical distance (b) between the connecting line of 2 atlas screw inserting points and that of 2 axis screw inserting points (at the central part of the vertebrae which was 3 - 4 mm lateral to the midline of C-2 vertebrae) was (18.7 +/- 2.7) mm. The odds of a/b was 1.5 approximately 1.7.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Anterior atlantoaxial plate internal fixation through transoral approach is suitable and feasible. The design of the plate should be based on the above data.</p>


Subject(s)
Atlanto-Occipital Joint , General Surgery , Bone Plates , Cervical Vertebrae , General Surgery , Equipment Design , Humans , Microsurgery , Oropharynx , Spinal Fusion , Methods
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