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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908466

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the application value of esophagogastric anastomosis with double muscle flap plasty in total laparoscopic radical resection of proximal gastric cancer.Methods:The retrospective and descriptive study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 5 patients undergoing radical resection of proximal gastric cancer in Cancer Hospital of China Medical University from January to December 2020 were collected. All 5 cases were male, aged from 57 to 72 years, with a median age of 65 years. All 5 patients underwent total laparoscopic radical resection of proximal gastric cancer combined with esophagogastric anastomosis with double muscle flap plasty. Observation indicators: (1) operative situations; (2) postoperative situations; (3) follow-up. Follow-up was conducted using outpatient examination and telephone interview to detect postoperative anastomosis, esophageal reflux, nutritional status, quality of life, tumor recurrence and metastasis of patients up to February 2021. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean± SD, and measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M(range). Count data were described as absolute numbers. Results:(1) Operative situations: all 5 patients underwent surgery successfully. The operation time, time of esophagogastric anastomosis with double muscle flap plasty, number of lymph node dissected, volume of intraoperative blood loss, length of surgical incision of 5 patients were (316±41)minutes,(109±11)minutes, 26±4, (48±12)mL, (3.4±0.4)cm, respectively. Results of intraoperative rapid frozen section pathological examination showed negative of esophageal margin. (2) Postoperative situations: the time to postoperative initial flatus, time to postoperative initial food intake, during of postoperative hospital stay, cost of treat-ment of 5 patients were (4.8±1.5)days, (5.8±1.5)days, (11.6±2.1)days and (5.5±0.4)×10 4 yuan, respectively. Results of postoperative pathological examination of 5 patients showed gastric adeno-carcinoma in all 5 patients including 4 cases with moderately and poorly differentiated adeno-carcinoma and 1 case with highly differentiated adenocarcinoma, with the TNM staging of pT1a-3N0-1 M0 stage. Of the 5 patients, 1 case underwent postoperative mild pneumonia and was cured by conservative treatment such as anti-infection and promotion of sputum evacuation. (3) Follow-up: all 5 patients were followed up for 2 to 12 months, with a median follow-up time of 6 months. Of the 5 patients, 4 cases underwent anastomotic patency and 1 case underwent mild anastomotic stenosis who was improved after endoscopic treatment. None of the 5 patients underwent reflux esophagitis. The body mass index, the score of nutritional risk screening 2002, the score of patient-generated subjective global assessment and the score of tumor patient quality of life of 5 patients were 21 kg/m 2(range, 19-27 kg/m 2), 2(range, 1-2), 2(range, 1-3) and 47(range, 42-52), respectively. None of the 5 patients underwent tumor recurrence or metastasis. Conclusion:Esophagogastric anas-tomosis with double muscle flap plasty can be used in total laparoscopic radical resection of proximal gastric cancer which will lead to satisfactory short-term efficacy.

2.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 131-138, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799545

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate whether Bruton's tyrosine kinase knockout (Btk-/-) in macrophages attenuates diabetic kidney disease in the streptozotocin (STZ)-induced mice.@*Methods@#Macrophages-specific Btk-/- mice and control mice (C57BL/6N) were randomly divided into WT group, diabetic group, Btk-/- group and Btk-/- diabetic group. The diabetic models were induced by STZ (50 mg/kg). After 12 weeks, relevant biochemical parameters and the histological changes of kidneys were detected. The expression of macrophages marker CD68 were detected by immunofluorescence, and the immunohistochemistry was employed to detect the expression of WT1 and Nephrin on renal podocytes. In addition, the expression of fibronectin (FN), collagen type IV (IV-Col), transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1), iNOS, phospho (p)-Btk, interleukin-1β (IL-1β), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), MAPK and NF-κB signaling pathway were detected by Western blotting. RT-PCR was used to detect the mRNA of IL-1β, TNF-α and monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1).@*Results@#Compared with diabetic group, the mice in Btk-/- diabetic group had reduced albuminuria and attenuated kidney histopathology significantly, significantly increased WT1 and Nephrin, significantly decreased expression of CD68, FN, IV-Col and TGF-β1, and these changes were correlated with decreased of renal inflammatory cytokines such as IL-1β, TNF-α, MCP-1 and down-regulating MAPK and NF-κB signaling pathway (all P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#Macrophages-specific Btk-/- may protect the kidney of diabetic mice by reducing the expression of renal inflammatory cytokines in MAPK and NF-κB signaling pathway.

3.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 131-138, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870950

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate whether Bruton's tyrosine kinase knockout (Btk -/-) in macrophages attenuates diabetic kidney disease in the streptozotocin (STZ)-induced mice. Methods:Macrophages-specific Btk -/- mice and control mice (C57BL/6N) were randomly divided into WT group, diabetic group, Btk -/- group and Btk -/- diabetic group. The diabetic models were induced by STZ (50 mg/kg). After 12 weeks, relevant biochemical parameters and the histological changes of kidneys were detected. The expression of macrophages marker CD68 were detected by immunofluorescence, and the immunohistochemistry was employed to detect the expression of WT1 and Nephrin on renal podocytes. In addition, the expression of fibronectin (FN), collagen type IV (IV-Col), transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1), iNOS, phospho (p)-Btk, interleukin-1β (IL-1β), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), MAPK and NF-κB signaling pathway were detected by Western blotting. RT-PCR was used to detect the mRNA of IL-1β, TNF-α and monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1). Results:Compared with diabetic group, the mice in Btk -/- diabetic group had reduced albuminuria and attenuated kidney histopathology significantly, significantly increased WT1 and Nephrin, significantly decreased expression of CD68, FN, IV-Col and TGF-β1, and these changes were correlated with decreased of renal inflammatory cytokines such as IL-1β, TNF-α, MCP-1 and down-regulating MAPK and NF-κB signaling pathway (all P<0.05). Conclusion:Macrophages-specific Btk -/- may protect the kidney of diabetic mice by reducing the expression of renal inflammatory cytokines in MAPK and NF-κB signaling pathway.

4.
Practical Oncology Journal ; (6): 78-81, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-752817

ABSTRACT

Standard gastric cancer D2 radical surgery has become a global consensus. However,selective augmentation of lymph node dissection(D2+)surgery for a particular patient may increase their survival. D2 combined with No. 8p,No. 10,No. 12b,No. 13, No. 14v,No. 16a2/b1 lymph node dissection may lead to corresponding surgery-related complications. Therefore,we recommend that patients should be performed appropriate D2+ radical surgery at a medical treatment center with sufficient clinical experience.

5.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 191-195, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806253

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the clinical value of endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) and Multi-slice Spiral CT (MSCT) in the preoperativestaging of tumor(T) and lymph node (N) metastasis in patients with SiewertⅡand Ⅲ typeadenocarcinoma of esophagogastric junction(AEG).@*Methods@#Clinical data of 145 Siewert Ⅱ and Ⅲ type AEG patientswithout preoperative chemoradiotherapy were retrospectively reviewed. Theyall received preoperative EUS and MSCT examination and underwent surgical resection, and the results of EUS and MSCT were compared with their postoperative pathologic staging.@*Results@#The sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of EUS for T stage in Siewert Ⅱ and Ⅲ type AEG were higher than those of MSCT. The total accuracy of EUS and MSCT were 90.3% and 63.5%, respectively, and the difference was statistically significant (χ2=29.52, P<0.01). The sensitivity of EUS for T1, T2 and T3 were 89.5%, 91.1% and 85.2%, respectively, which were significantly higher than 42.1%, 66.7% and 29.6% of MSCT (χ2=9.47, P<0.01 for T1; χ2=8.07, P<0.01 for T2; χ2=17.40, P<0.01 for T3). In addition, the total accuracy of EUS and MSCT for lymph node metastasis status of Siewert Ⅱ and Ⅲ type AEG were 75.9% and 64.8%, respectively, showing a statistically significant difference(χ2=4.23, P=0.04). The sensitivity of EUS for N1 and N2 were 82.1% and 79.2%, respectively, which were significantly higher than 53.6% and 60.4% of MSCT (χ2=5.24, P=0.02; χ2=4.48, P=0.03). There was no statistical significance for sensitivity of EUS and MSCT in N0 and N3 (P>0.05).@*Conclusion@#EUS diagnosis of T and N staging in Siewert Ⅱ/Ⅲ type AEG showed significantly greater performance than MSCT.

6.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 833-840, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-664290

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the efficacy and safety of surgery combined with intraperitoneal chemotherapy for advanced gastric cancer (AGC). Methods The related randomized controlled trials were searched in the following databases such as Cochrane Library, PubMed, Web of Science from database establishment to April 2017. Data extraction and quality assessment by means of NOS were completed by two researchers.The survival rate,recurrence rate,mortality and morbidity were analyzed by RevMan 5.3 software. Results Seventeen literatures which were strictly filtrated from the original 2 383 literatures were included for Meta-analysis and the NOS score was 6-8. A total of 2 302 AGC cases were included to divide for 1 175 undergoing surgery with intraperitoneal chemotherapy and 1 127 undergoing surgery alone. Meta-analysis results showed that compared with surgery alone, surgery with intraperitoneal chemotherapy could improve the 1-year(OR=1.93,95 % CI 1.41-2.66,P<0.000 1),2-year(OR=1.82,95 % CI 1.41-2.35,P<0.000 01) and 3-year (OR= 1.93, 95 % CI 1.54 - 2.42, P< 0.000 01) survival rate of ACG cases, while the overall mortality was reduced (OR=0.47, 95 % CI 0.34-0.64, P<0.000 01). In terms of recurrence rate, the overall(OR=0.46,95 % CI 0.32-0.68,P<0.000 1)and peritoneal(OR=0.47,95 % CI 0.29-0.76,P=0.002) recurrence rates of surgery with intraperitoneal chemotherapy were both lower than those of surgery alone. There were not significantly differences between surgery with intraperitoneal chemotherapy and surgery alone in lymph nodes and liver metastasis rate. However, surgery with intraperitoneal chemotherapy had more high occurrence rates than surgery alone (OR= 1.47, 95 % CI 1.16 - 1.85, P= 0.001), especially the bone suppression (OR= 3.07, 95 % CI 1.70 - 5.54, P= 0.002) and bleeding (OR= 3.00, 95 % CI 1.09- 8.27, P= 0.03), and there were no differences in other complications. Subgroup results indicated that the overall mortalities were obviously decreased in surgery with intraperitoneal chemotherapy + MMC (OR= 0.35, 95 % CI 0.20-0.62,P=0.000 3)or CDDP+5-Fu(OR=0.32,95 % CI 0.17-0.61,P=0.000 5)compared with surgery alone. Conclusions Surgery with intraperitoneal chemotherapy can improve survival rate of AGC cases over a period of time and reduce mortality and peritoneal recurrence, but it is likely to cause the morbidities.The safety needs to be improved in the future.

7.
Parenteral & Enteral Nutrition ; (6): 209-212, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-615522

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the influence of parenteral nutrition support on nutritional status and immune function in patients with neoadjuvant chemotherapy for gastric cancer.Methods:60 patients with locally advanced gastric cancer were randomly divided into PN group and control group,30 cases in each group.The nutritional status and immune function were compared.Results:Adverse reaction of chemotherapy in PN group was less than in control group (P < 0.05).ALB,TF.PA and IgA,IgG,IgM,CD4+ and CD4+/CD8+ were all higher in PN group than in control group 7 days after surgery (P < 0.05).Conclusion:Parenteral nutrition support is helpful to improve patients' nutritional state during chemotherapy and operation.

8.
Practical Oncology Journal ; (6): 438-443, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-499298

ABSTRACT

Objective The purpose of this study is to investigate the expression of human epidermal growth factor receptor-2(HER-2)in gastric carcinoma tissue and normal gastric tissue of these patients,and its relationship with the clinical pathological characteristic,the microvessel density( MVD) and early post-operative recurrence,and to analyze the clinical significance of expression of HER-2 in gastric carcinoma,in order to lay the theoretical foundation of effective therapy for gastric carcinoma.Methods The clinical data of 398 cases of gastric cancer and 363 cases of their adjacent non tumorous gastric tissue of Liaoning Cancer Hospital from March 2012 to July 2013 were analyzed retrospectively.The expression of HER-2 gene was detected by IHC method and Fish method.The expressive rate of HER-2 in gastric carcinoma tissue and normal gastric tissue of these pa-tients were compared,and its relationship with the clinical pathological characteristic,MVD and early post opera-tive recurrence were also analyzed.Results (1)Expressive rate of HER-2 in 398 cases of gastric cancer tissue was 14.07%(56/398),which was higher than that in all the adjacent non tumorous gastric tissue presented none expression 0(0/363)(P0.05).Expres-sive rate of HER-2 in T4 stage was higher than( T1 +T2 +T3 ) stage,but the difference was not statistically sig-nificant( P>0.05).(3)The value of MVD in HER-2 expressive group(58.63 ±19.97)was significantly higher than those in HER-2 non expressive group(49.04 ±19.25).A positive significant correlation was found be-tween HER-2 and MVD expression using the rank correlation matrix(P0.05).Conclusion There is excessive expression of HER -2 in gastric cancer tissue,excessive expression of HER -2 patients withgastric cancer is correlated with Lauren type,tumor location,vessel invasion status,TNM stage,lymph node metastases;it displays no correlation with age,sex,tumor size,histological differentiation degree,growth patterns ofcancer.HER -2 expression is positively associated with MVD value.Excessive expression of HER -2 is possibleto be correlative with early post operative recurrence,and it must have further follow up to confirm.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-382873

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the surgical technique and outcomes of replacement of chordae tendineae in mitral valve repair, and evaluate the value of real-time three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography in the perioperative period. Methods Thirty-one patients with mitral valve prolapse underwent mitral valve repair using chordae tendineae replacement concomitant with implantation of valveplasty ring. A 4-0 Goretex sutures was used for reconstruction of artificial chordae. Realtime three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography was performed in all the patients during the preoperative, intraoperatire, and postoperative periods. The length of the chordae tendineae under the A1 section of the anterior leaflet and the P1 section of the posterior leaflet were measured and considered the normal length of chordae tendineae by real-time three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography preoperatively. These pre-determined normal chordal lengths helped intraoperatively to approximate the length of the artificial chordae used and postoperatively to gauge the success of the procedures. The same values were used again postoperatively to gauge the success of intervention. Full flexible valveplasty rings were used in all the patients.Results There was no operative death. The mean cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) and aortic cross clamp time were ( 142. 0 ±31.2 ) min and (98.0 ± 22.5 ) min, respectively. One patient' s intraoperative echocardiography upon termination of CPB showed persistent severe mitral regurgitation and was converted to mitral valve replacement. This patient was not included in the study group. The mean number of artificial chordae per patient was (2.0 ± 1.5 ) , range from 1 to 3. The mean preoperatively measured normal chordal length was ( 21.0 ± 2.5 ) mm, and the mean postoperative artificial chordal length was ( 20.0 ± 2.2 )mm. The difference was not significant. The follow-up interval was from 3 to 30 months and the follow-up rate was 98%. During the follow-up period, there was no late death. Trace mitral regurgitation (MR) was detected in 15 patients, mild and moderate MR were detected in 1 for each. No severe MR was detected. The freedom from reoperation was 100% during follow-up.There were no documented artificial chordae ruptures. Conclusion Conclusion Artificial chordal replacement with Gore-tex suture in mitral valve repair in this group of patients with mitral valve prolapse appears to have satisfactory early and mid-term results. Real-time three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography plays a critical role in this technique. Real-time threedimensional transesophageal echocardiography can exactly predict the length of artificial chordae, which is helpful to improve the outcomes of mitral valve repair. However, longer term follow-up and larger series are required to validate our findings.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-474307

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the collateral circulation after canine acute coronary artery occlusion with contrast real-time three-dimensional echocardiography (RT-3DE). Methods Left anterior descending coronary artery was ligated in 12 healthy mongrel dogs. All dogs underwent myocardial contrast echocardiography (MCE) before ligation, immediately after ligation, at 30 min and 180 min after ligation respectively, and myocardial mass with collateral supply was calculated. Results Different degrees of collateral circulation were established in all dogs after left anterior descending coronary artery ligation. At 30 min after ligation, the myocardial mass with collateral supply was (9.65±2.90) g, while at 180 min after ligation were (12.58±3.98) g (P<0.01). Conclusion The coronary collateral circulation can be observed clearly and myocardial mass with collateral supply can be quantified accurately with contrast RT-3DE.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-392634

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of heparanase and E-cadherin on the invasion and metastasis of gastric cancer. Methods Fifty specimens of gastric cancer which had been resected at Cancer Hospital of Liaoning Province from February 2005 to May 2007 were collected. The expression of heparanase mRNA and E-cadherin mRNA in these gastric cancer specimens was detected by RT-PCR, and the expression of E-cadherin in these gastric cancer specimens was detected by immunohistochemistry. Data were analyzed by t-test and variance analysis, and the enumeration data analyzed by chi-square test. Results There were significant differences in the expression of heparanase and E-cadherin between gastric cancer cells with high and low differentiation, presence and absence of metastasis, and TNM stages Ⅰ and Ⅱ versus Ⅲ and Ⅳ (t = 1.999, 4.258, 1.735 ; 1.286, 6.794, 3.091; χ~2 =6.273, 9.397, 5.640, P <0.05). The co-expression of heparanase (+) and E-cadherin (-) was correlated with tumor undifferentiation, lymph node metastasis and advanced TNM staging (χ~2 =11.306, 10.208, 8.420, P <0.05). Conclusions Heparanasc shows high expression while E-cadherin shows low expression in gastric cancer tissue. There is a synergistic effect between the abnormal expression of heparanase and E-cadherin, and the gastric cancer cells with coexpression of heparanase and E-cadherin have more malignant potential.

12.
Progress in Modern Biomedicine ; (24): 875-880, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-499144

ABSTRACT

Microsatellite instability(MSI)was defined according to the frequency of positive findings in a panel of MSI markers.High frequency MSI(MSI-H)was the phenotype in which repeat sequences were extraordinarily unstable, and was considered to be the bona fide phenotype of DNA mismatch repair defection. However base substitutions in some well studied oncogenes or tumor suppressors were reported to be uncommon in MSI-H tumors. To explore this obvious contradiction, the relationship between MSI and KRAS gene mutations were studied in a panel of 76 human colorectal carcinomas, the whole exon of MLH1 and MSH2 were sequenced for MSI-H tumors. KRAS gene mutation was confirmed by similar frequencies in tumors of different MSI status. Intriguingly, all of the KRAS mutant MSI-H tumors harbored sequence alterations in MLH1gene, which was a key player in DNA mismatch repair system. This implied that in MSI-H tumors carrying MMR mutations, KRAS mutation were frequently and almost exclusively occurred. Furthermore, these MMR mutants were uniformly carrying a unique modification + jumping type MSI, which was different to MSI-H tumors without MLH1 or MSH2 gene mutations. This study shaded lights on the heterogeneity of MSI-H tumors, and implied the connection between modification type MSI and DNA mismatch defection.

13.
Progress in Modern Biomedicine ; (24): 1401-1405, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-498904

ABSTRACT

Objective:Over expression of BUBR1 protein was reported in several human malignancies,however whether BUBR1 plays a role in chromosomal instability phenotype remains in controversy.This study was to explore the roll of BUBR1 protein in CIN phenotype in CRC.Methods:BUBR1 expression was studied immunohistochemieally in a panel of 93 advanced sporadic eolorectal cancers.Microsatellite status was evaluated by high resolution microsatellite analysis assay,TP53 gene mutation by direct sequencing and DNA ploidy by laser scanning cytometery.The relationship between BUBR1 overexpression and TP53 gene mutation,mierosatellite status,and DNA ploidy were studied.Results:BUBR1 overexpression was confirmed in 69% of cases.The overexpression was more frequent in tumor without high frequency microsatellite instability (P<0.01) and TP53 mutation (P<0.05).There was no statistic correlation between DNA aneuploidy and BUBR1 overexpression; however,a tendency that aneuploidy tumors had higher percentage of BUBR1 overexpression was shown.BUBR1 overexpression was not statistically related with clinieopathological factors.Conclusion:The linkage between BUBR1 overexpression and molecular factors indicating a CIN background implied that BUBR1 overexpression was indeed related with chromosomal instability in colorectal cancer.

14.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 4-7,10, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-540156

ABSTRACT

Objective High frequency microsatellite instability(MSI-H)was considered to be the phenotype of DNA mismatch repair(MMR)deficiency.However,a contradiction was noticed that p53 mutation is reposed to be extremely rare in MSI-H tumors.The aim of the current study was to confirm and try to explain this a phenomenon.We have demonstrated a direct link between MMR model and"modification"type MSI,and suggested the new categorization system of MSI by quantification of MSI profile.Based on this categorization system we studied the relationship between MSI and mutation of p53 oncogene in colorectal cancer.Methods A series of 180 sporadic colorectal cancer cases were investigated for their microsatellite status and p53 mutations.High resolution fluorescent microsatellite instability analysis assay and direct sequencing were employed in this study.Results Two definite patterns of microsatellite instability were confirmed,i.e."modification" type and "jumping" type MSI. In colorectal cancer,low frequency microsatellite instability (MSI-L)cases all showed pure"modification"type,while"jumping"type MSI changes were confirmed in all MSI-H cases.MSI-H was related with proximal tumor location and poorly differentiated.p53 mutation rate was more frequent in well differentiated tumors.Interestingly.MSI-L tumor showed a 40% mutation rate which is similar with MSS tumor 41%,however,in MSI-H tumors no p53 mutation was confirmed.Conclusions We confirm in human colorectal cancers,the"modification"type MSI might be connected with MMR defection.The mechanism underlying MSI-H phenotype was supposed to be other than MMR deficiency.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-559751

ABSTRACT

0.05 ). The average enhancement rate of LV endocardial border was 96.6 %. The myocardial contrast agent perfusions of left ventricular walls were clearly visualized in 30 patients. CONCLUSION: Clinical application of intravenous left heart contrast echocardiagraphy with perfluoropropane-albumin microsphere is feasibility and effective.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-519501

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the changes in nNOS and iNOS expression of hippocampal CA3 pyramidal neurons and NO - 2/NO - 3 level of hippocampal homogenate of rats induced by stress, and to explore the effect of phenytoin on them. METHODS: Rats were subjected to forced-swimming stress, phenytoin was administered(ip) at 30 min before stress. Using the immunohistochemistry and the computerized image technique, the expression levels of nNOS and iNOS of rat hippocampal CA3 pyramidal neurons were assayed quantitatively, and the NO - 2/NO - 3 level of hippocampal homogenate was also measured using nitric acid deoxidize enzyme method. RESULTS: The nNOS average grey degree of hippocampal CA3 pyramidal neurons was significantly lower in stress group (155 42?3 77)than that in control group(164 54?4 62)and in stress plus phenytoin group(164 27?2 55)( P

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-673711

ABSTRACT

2~3 cm). MVC of preoperative bioptic specimens will help to choose the length of distal clearance.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-522276

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the expression and function of apoptosis-related protein, Fas, FasL, and Bcl-2 in the pathogenesis of autoimmune thyroiditis. METHODS: Immunohistochemical staining was performed on 20 Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT), 20 Graves' disease (GD), and 20 thyroid follicular adenoma (TFA, as control). RESULTS: All the cases expressed Fas, mainly on the cell surface and cytoplasm. FasL was found in all except 3 of the TFA. Bcl-2 in 15 of HT, 19 of GD, 17 of TFA. In TFA follicular cells expressed moderate Fas and minimal or absent FasL. In HT, follicles adjacent to infiltrating lymphocytes showed a increased levels of Fas and FasL, but infiltrating lymphocytes exhibited weaker staining of Fas and FasL than thyrocytes. In GD, thyrocytes and lymphocytes showed nearly similar Fas with HT, but rather weaker for FasL than HT. Bcl-2 was nearly similar in GD and TFA, but follicular cells in vicinity of lymphocytes and lymphocytes located in germinal centers of HT tissues exhibited significantly weaker. CONCLUSION: The expression of Fas, FasL and Bcl-2 in Hashimoto's thyroiditis and Graves' disease was nearly similar. Strong FasL expression and weak Bcl-2 expression on the follicles in HT may induce apoptosis. These results provide further proof that the functions of Fas and its ligand and Bcl-2 may play an important part in the pathogenesis of autoimmune thyroid diseases. The lymphocytes do not seem to be directly engaged in the process with their own FasL, but they may provide some cytokines that, in turn, up-regulates Fas and/or FasL leading to apoptosis.

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