Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 53
Filter
1.
International Journal of Pediatrics ; (6): 108-111, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989047

ABSTRACT

The booming development of modern digital technology, such as IOT(internet of things), big data, artificial intelligence, has given birth to the emerging industry of digital therapeutics(DTx).Compared with the limitations of traditional therapy, the preponderance of DTx makes it a new treatment strategy for neuropsychiatric disorders in children.The digital therapeutics alliance(DTA) defines DTx and sets out the core principles for DTx products.DTx has tremendous potential value for users, providers, payors and enterprises.DTx has extensive indications.At present, DTx is mainly suitable for rehabilitation of attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder(ADHD), autism spectrum disorder(ASD), cognitive impairment, epilepsy and dysopia in the field of children′s neurorehabilitation.Enormous advantages and value are the primary internal factors for the emergence and rapid expansion of DTx, but the maturity of DTx will face many challenges.In coming days, it is believed that under the promotion of many external forces, the DTx industry will grasp the opportunities to win the challenges and provide a new driving force for the development of neurological rehabilitation of children.

2.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 325-332, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964791

ABSTRACT

Objective To systematically review the epidemiological studies on primary biliary cholangitis (PBC), and to investigate the prevalence rate of PBC in the Chinese general population and its influencing factors. Methods PubMed, Embase, The Cochrane Library, CNKI, and Wanfang Data were searched for articles on the epidemiology of PBC in China published up to 31th March 2022. Two researchers independently performed screening and data extraction, and then related analyses were performed. Results A total of 9 articles were included. The positive rate of AMA was 1 049.05/100 000 (ranging fr om 159.65/100 000 to 2287.40/100 000), and the prevalence rate of PBC was 123.68/100 000 (ranging from 42.70/100 000 to 276.59/100 000). The positive rate of AMA was 636.51/100 000 (ranging from 52.55/100 000 to 1 164.33/100 000) in men and 1 265.47/100 000 (ranging from 225.23/100 000 to 1 704.93/100 000) in women, with a male/female ratio of 1∶1.99 for the prevalence rate of AMA. The prevalence rate of PBC was 40.81/100 000 (ranging from 23.54/100 000 to 75.10/100 000) in men and 148.71/100 000 (ranging from 77.36/100 000 to 214.91/100 000) in women, with a male/female ratio of 1∶3.64 for the prevalence rate of PBC. Conclusion Different studies show great differences in the positive rate of AMA and the prevalence rate of PBC in the Chinese general population, which is mainly affected by sex, age, and region. The positive rate of AMA and the prevalence rate of PBC increase with age, and the patients aged ≥50 years have a significantly higher positive rate of AMA than those aged < 50 years. The positive rate of AMA is significantly higher than the prevalence rate of PBC. There are significantly more women than men in the AMA-positive population and the PBC patients, and the influence of sex on AMA is lower than that on PBC.

3.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 315-319, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774205

ABSTRACT

There are so many biomechanical risk factors related with glaucoma and their relationship is much complex. This paper reviewed the state-of-the-art research works on glaucoma related mechanical effects. With regards to the development perspectives of studies on glaucoma biomechanics, a completely novel biomechanical evaluation factor -- Fractional Flow Reserve (FPR) for glaucoma was proposed, and developing clinical application oriented glaucoma risk assessment algorithm and application system by using the new techniques such as artificial intelligence and machine learning were suggested.


Subject(s)
Humans , Algorithms , Artificial Intelligence , Biomechanical Phenomena , Glaucoma , Diagnosis , Intraocular Pressure , Machine Learning , Risk Assessment , Risk Factors
4.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 2297-2302, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-743893

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Intra-articular injection of sodium hyaluronate can safely and effectively treat knee osteoarthritis and obviously improves the pain and function of knee joint. The efficacy of extracorporeal shock wave therapy for early-and middle-term knee osteoarthritis still remains controversial. OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of extracorporeal shock wave therapy and intra-articular injection of sodium hyaluronate for early-and middle-term knee osteoarthritis. METHODS: According to the inclusion criteria, a total of 77 patients with knee osteoarthritis were enrolled, and randomly divided into extracorporeal shock wave therapy group and sodium hyaluronate therapy group. The extracorporeal shock wave therapy group underwent 5 sessions of 2 000 shockwave pulses performed on the affected knee with the dosage adjusted to 0.2 mJ/mm2 energy. The sodium hyaluronate group was administered intra-articularly sodium hyaluronate once per week for 5 weeks. The results were assessed with the Visual Analogue Scale, Lequesne index and Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:① After 5 weeks of treatment, the Visual Analogue Scale, Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index and Lequesne index in the two groups were significantly decreased compared with the baseline (P < 0.05). All above indexes in the extracorporeal shock wave therapy group were significantly lower than those in the sodium hyaluronate therapy group (P < 0.05).② These results indicate that the extracorporeal shock wave therapy and sodium hyaluronate therapy are effective for early-and middle-term knee osteoarthritis, and the former is more significant.

5.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 390-395, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687618

ABSTRACT

A set of device for the measurement of the pressure difference between the anterior and the posterior chambers (PDAP) was designed to investigate the temporal varying rules of PDAP in the anterior segment of rabbit eyes. A platform was established for the measurement of PDPA according to the mechanism of joint implement. Rabbit models with high intraocular pressure (IOP) were constructed by means of injecting Carbomer into anterior chamber to increase IOP. The 24 hours continuous measurements of PDAP were performed for normal rabbit eye and eye with high IOP. The developed device could sensitively response to the small pressure difference in eye. The pressure difference in the normal rabbit eye varied with time, and the variation range during a whole day was 5.84-96.84 Pa which reflected the existence of physiological rule. For the rabbit eye with high IOP, pressure in anterior chamber was higher than that in posterior chamber which was in consistence with the theory of self-adaptation adjustment. The present study indicates that the approaches and device designed in this paper can well implement the measurement of PDAP as well as the temporal varying rules of PDAP in the anterior segment during a whole day.

6.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 685-689, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690765

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the effect of acupuncture and moxibustion on severe obesity complicated with hyperlipidemia in different genders and their comprehensive effect, lipid indexes, and obesity indexes.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 264 patients of severe obesity complicated with hyperlipidemia were assigned into a male group (106 cases) and a female group (158 cases).According to their clinical symptoms and patterns, acupuncture and moxibustion differentiation therapies were applied for stomach and intestine heat type, spleen deficiency and dampness resistance type, phlegm-dampness internal resistance type, liver depression and spleen deficiency type, spleen and kidney deficiency type and deficiency and blood stasis type.The obesity indexes were weight (W), obesity degree (A), body mass index (BMI) and body fat percentage (F); the blood lipid indexes were total cholesterol (TC),triglyceride (TG),low density lipoprotein (LDL-C) and high density lipoprotein (HDL-C). The comprehensive effect, obesity and blood lipid indexes were observed..</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The total effective rate of the male group was 91.5% (97/106), and the total effective rate of the female group was 85.4% (135/158) , without statistical significance (>0.05). After treatment, the obesity indexes of W, A, BMI and F and the blood lipid levels of TC, TG, LDL-C decreased, the levels of HDL-C increased compared with those before treatment in the two groups (<0.05, <0.01). The different values before and after treatment of the above all indexes in the male group were higher than those in the female group (all <0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Acupuncture and moxibustion can both improve the obesity and blood lipid indexes for the patients with obesity complicated with hyperlipidemia. The effect is better for male than for female. The methods can prevent and treat hyperlipidemia.</p>

7.
World Science and Technology-Modernization of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 1671-1674, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-696080

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to observe the relativity between different obesity degree with lipid,fatty-insulin axis and autonomic nerve function in obesity complicated with hyperlipidemia patients.A total of 659 patients with obesity complicated with hyperlipidaemia were included in this study.All patients were divided into three groups according to obesity degree,which were the mild,moderate and severe obesity.In the clinical study,obesity index,lipid index,fattyinsulin axis index and autonomic nerve function of 659 cases were measured,in order to compare the relativity between different obesity degree with lipid,fatty-insulin axis and autonomic nerve function.The results showed that the lipid index in the mild obesity group was statistically significant compared with the other two groups (P < 0.01);lipid indexes in the moderate obesity group compared with severe obesity group were statistically significant (P < 0.01).Fatty-insulin axis indexes except Homa-β in the mild obesity group compared with moderate obesity groups were statistically significant (P < 0.01).Fatty-insulin axis indexes in the mild and moderate obesity group compared with severe obesity groups were statistically significant (P < 0.01).Autonomic nerve function indexes in the mild and moderate obesity group compared with severe obesity groups were statistically significant (P < 0.01).It was concluded that the obesity degree and lipid level,fatty-insulin axis and autonomic nerve function were closely related in obesity complicated with hyperlipidemia patients.Clinical treatment of these patients can be integrated from multiple perspectives,in order to obtain a more satisfactory curative effect.

8.
Journal of International Oncology ; (12): 771-774, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-693406

ABSTRACT

The judgment of early curative effect is important to the treatment of nasopharyngeal carcinoma and the prognosis of the patients.As a rapid imaging technique,magnetic resonance diffusion weighted imaging (DWI) is used to quantitatively analyze the changes of water molecules in the tissue by means of apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC),so as to diagnose the small lesions of nasopharyngeal carcinoma accurately,evaluate the early curative effect and observe the prognosis.With the continuous improvement and progress of MRI and data analysis technology,DWI in the diagnosis and treatment of nasopharyngeal carcinoma shows a broader application prospect.

9.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 2717-2724, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-486358

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Glaucoma is a kind of eye disease that can cause irreversible blindness which is characterized by visual field loss. Clinical research shows that the optic nerve head has changed before the visual field loss. The morphological changes of the optic nerve head have become the key to determine the early diagnosis of glaucoma and disease development. So it has important significance for us to study the morphological changes of the tissues of optic nerve head under the high intraocular pressure. OBJECTIVE: To establish three-dimensional finite element model of optic nerve head which includes choroid, retina and lamina cribrosa, and analyze the thickness of the optic nerve head under the acute high intraocular pressure. METHODS: (1) We chose healthy cats without refractive media and other eye diseases. The tomographic sequence images of the optic nerve head of a cat were obtained with the intraocular pressure of the normal value by using enhanced depth imaging spectral-domain optical coherence tomography. (2) The three-dimensional model of the retina, choroid and lamina cribrosa was obtained. Three-dimensional model of optic nerve head was established by assembling the model of the retina, the choroid and the lamina cribrosa. The thickness of the retina, choroid and lamina cribrosa was analyzed under different intraocular pressures by using the method of finite element analysis. (3) Animal model of acute ocular hypertension was established by methods of anterior chamber perfusion. The tomographic sequence images of the optic nerve head of a cat were obtained with different intraocular pressures by using enhanced depth imaging spectral-domain optical coherence tomography. Then, we measured the thickness changes of the choroid, retina and lamina cribrosa under different intraocular pressures, and compared with the results of finite element analysis. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: The thickness of the choroid, retina and lamina cribrosa trended to be thin, and the cup dish ratio of optic nerve head increased gradual y with the increased intraocular pressures. Regarding to the thickness changes of the choroid, retina and lamina cribrosa, the trend of experimental measurement results was consistent with finite element calculation results. Hence, it is feasible to analyze morphological changes of every fundus tissue under high intraocular pressure using the tomographic sequence images obtained by optical coherence tomography. We can predict the morphological changes of the optic nerve head tissue by finite element analysis, which has certain guiding significance in determining the progression of glaucoma.

10.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 1361-1364, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924151

ABSTRACT

@#Capital Medical University has opened the courses of Prosthetic and Orthotics Engineering since 2003. Through a three-period development of more than ten years, the professional training scheme has met the international requirements and highlight in specialty characteristics. It needs a combination of medicine, rehabilitation, technology, prosthetic and orthotics, an enough foundation for personals and sites, teachers of bi-profession, and a comprehensive test system to practice.

11.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 225-230, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-352632

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the efficacy on obesity of spleen deficiency and damp blockage pattern and hyperlipemia treated with warm needling therapy and auricular acupuncture and the effect mechanism of the combined treatment.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>One hundred and ten patients of obesity of spleen deficiency and damp blockage pattern and hyperlipemia were randomized into an observation group and a control group, 55 cases in each one. Additionally, a healthy group (52 cases) was set up as the control. In the control group, the warm needling therapy was applied to Taibai (SP 3), Chongyang (ST 42), Yinlingquan (SP 9), Zusanli (ST 36), etc., once every two days. In the observation group, on the basic treatment as the control group, the auricular acupuncture was applied to Pi (CO₁₃), Wei (CO₄), Fei (CO₁₄), Shen (CO₁₀), etc., once every 2 to 3 days. The efficacy was evaluated after 3-month, treatment in the two groups. The observation was conducted on the obesity outcomes [body mass, obesity degree (A), body mass index (BMI), body fat percentage (F%)], blood-lipoids indicators [such as serum total cholesterol (TC), triacylglycerol (TG), low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C)], fat-islet endocrine axis outcomes [such as fasting plasma glucose (FPG) , fasting leptin (FLP), fasting insulin (FINS), insulin sensitivity index (ISI), insulin resistance index (Homa-IR) and insulin β cell function index (Homa-β)], as well as autonomic nerve function index (Y) before and after treatment in the patients of the two groups. The efficacy was assessed in the two groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The total effective rate was 96.4% (53/55) in the observation group, better than 87.3% (48/55, P < 0.01) in the control group. For the improvements of the obesity indices, the differences were not significant between the two groups (all P > 0.05). Before treatment, the levels of TC, TG, LDL-C, FLP, FPG, FINS and Homa-IR in the two groups were all significantly higher than those in the healthy group (all P < 0.01), and the levels of HDL, ISI, Homa-β and Y were significantly lower than those in the healthy group (all P < 0.01). After treatment, except Homa-β, the other indices were all improved significantly (all P < 0.01). The results in the observation group were better than those in the control group (all P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The patients of obesity of spleen deficiency and damp blockage pattern and hyperlipemia have the disturbances of lipid metabolism, "fat-islet endocrinal axis" function and automatic nerve function. The combined treatment of warm needling therapy and auricular acupuncture or simple warm needling therapy present the effects of weight reducing and lipid reducing. The effect of the combined treatment is better than simple warm needling therapy. The efficacy mechanism is probably relevant to the positive regulation of blood glucose, lipid metabolism, fat-islet endocrinal axis and automatic nerve function.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Acupuncture, Ear , Blood Glucose , Hyperlipidemias , Metabolism , Therapeutics , Lipids , Blood , Obesity , Metabolism , Therapeutics , Spleen , Treatment Outcome , Triglycerides , Blood
12.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 807-811, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-319906

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the clinical effect of acupuncture on obesity complicated with hyperlipidemia, and to explore the therapeutic differences among patients with different obesity levels.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 1528 patients of obesity complicated with hyperlipidemia were enrolled into the study. According to the clinical symptoms and signs, they were treated with acupuncture according to the syndrome differentation. According to their obesity levels (A), body mass index (BMI) and body fat percentage (F%) before treatment, they were assigned into a mild obesity group, a moderate obesity group and a severe obesity group. The obesity index of body weight, A, BMI and F%, the blood lipid levels of total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), low density lipoprotein (LDL-C) and high density lipoprotein (HDL-C) were observed before and after treatment. The total efficacy, weight loss effect and lipid-lowering effect were evaluated.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>① The constituent ratio of severe obesity in male patients overweighted that of female patients (<0.01), and the obesity was positively correlated with age and disease duration (=0.145 and 0.164, both<0.01). ② After treatment, the total effective rate was 98.9% (461/466), the weight loss rate was 99.4% (463/466) and lipid-lowering rate was 99.1% (462/466) in the mild obesity group, which were the all highest among three groups, indicating the lower obesity level achieved the better acupuncture efficacy. ③ Acupuncture can significantly regulate the obesity index and blood lipid levels (all<0.01); the obesity was negatively correlated with BMI and HDL-C (all<0.01), and positively correlated with F%, TC, TG and LDL-C (all<0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Acupuncture has dual effects on obesity and hyperlipidemia, which is significantly effective for patients with different obesity levels; acupuncture has the optimal effect on mild obesity, and had the optimal regulation on F% and blood lipid levels on severe obesity; acupuncture has superior overall regulation effects on obesity complicated with hyperlipidemia.</p>

13.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 341-345, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-474456

ABSTRACT

Objective Dendritic cell-associatedC-type lectin-1 ( Dectin-1) is one of the most important receptors in antifungal innate immune response.This study was to construct a recombinant adenovirus vector expressing themurine Dectin-1gene and acquire a high-concentration adenovirus by amplification and purification. Methods The PCR amplification product CLEC7A-pIRES2-EGFP was cloned into the intermediate vector pDONR221, and then recom-bined with the backbone vector pAD/CMV/V5-DEST to produce a re-combinant plasmid pAD-CLEC7A-pIRE2S -EGFP.The recombinant plasmid was linearized with Pac I and transfected into human embryon-ic kidney ( HEK293) cells to produce recombinant adenovirus pAD-CLEC7Ap-IRES 2-EGFP. The adenovirus was propagated in the HEK293 cells and purified by filtering through the cellulose acetate membrane and concentrating column.Fluorescence microscopy and re-al-time PCR were used to determine the expression of the Dectin-1 gene. Results PCR identification, enzyme digestion, and sequen-cing results manifested theDectin-1 gene in the vector, with the final adenovirus titer of 5×1011 IU/mL.Fluorescence microscopy revealed green fluorescence and real-time PCR assay confirmed that the expression of Dectin-1 was improved by 8677.25 times. Conclusion A relatively high-titer adenovirus expressing Dectin-1 was acquired,which may help to further study the high expression of Dectin-1 in anti-fungal innate immunity in vitro and in vivo.

14.
World Science and Technology-Modernization of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 2049-2055, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-483923

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to observe effect of combined therapy of acupuncture, tapping and auricular needling on fatty-insulin endocrine axis in obesity complicated with hyperlipidaemia patients withyin-deficiency and blood-stasis pattern. A total of 108 patients with obesity complicated with hyperlipidaemia ofyin-deficiency and blood-stasis pattern were randomly divided into the treatment group of combined therapy of acupuncture, tapping and auricular needling, and the acupuncture and tapping group, with 54 cases in each group. The comparison was made to 52 patients in the normal group. Observations were made on changes of fatty-insulin endocrine axis index, lipid index, obesity index, vegetative nerve function index (Y value) and clinical weight-reducing and lipid-reducing effect. The results showed that the pretreatment obesity index, fasting insulin (FINS), fasting plasma glucose (FPG), insulin resistance index (Homa-IR), fasting leptin (FLP), triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol (TC), low density lipoprotein (LDL-C) and Y value of patients in both groups were significantly higher than those of the normal group (P < 0.01). However, the high density lipoprotein (HDL-C) and insulin sensitivity index (ISI) were significantly lower than those of the normal group (P < 0.01). After treatment, both groups received satisfied effects on weight-reducing and lipid-reducing. The fatty-insulin endocrine axis indexes (FINS, FPG, Homa-IR and FLP) were significantly reduced (P < 0.05); and ISI was significantly increased (P < 0.05). The combined therapy of acupuncture, tapping and auricular needling had better regulation effects on the fatty-insulin endocrine axis level, lipid level and vegetative nerve function level compared with the acupuncture and tapping group (P < 0.05). It was concluded that patients with obesity complicated with hyperlipidaemia ofyin-deficiency and blood-stasis pattern had dysfunction of the fatty-insulin endocrine axis. The combined therapy of acupuncture, tapping and auricular needling, or the therapy of acupuncture and tapping had good regulation effect. However, the combined therapy of acupuncture, tapping and auricular needling had more significant therapeutic effect.

15.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 529-533, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-360262

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare the differences of clinical effects in female patients with obesity and hyperlipidemia of yang deficiency of spleen and kidney syndrome between warm acupuncture combined with auricular acupuncture and simple warm acupuncture.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>One hundred and thirty patients were randomly divided into an observation group and a control group, 65 cases in each one. In the control group, acupuncture was used at Pishu (BL 20), Zhongwan(CV 12), Shenshu(BL 23), Zhongji(CV 3), Guanyuan(CV 4), Mingmen(GV 4), Taibai(SP 3), Fenglong(ST 40), etc.; warm acupuncture was applied at Pishu(BL 20), Zhongwan(CV 12), Shenshu(BL 23) and Zhongji(CV 3); the treatment was required once every two days and for 3 months continuously. In the observation group, based on the treatment in the control group, thumbtack intradermal needles were embedded at auricular points, including pi(CO13), shen(CO10), pangguang(CO9), sanjiao(CO17), neifenmi(CO18), neishengzhiqi(TF2), etc. Obesity indices [body mass(W), obesity degree(A), body mass index(BMI), body fat percentage(F%)] blood lipid indices [serum total cholesterol(TC), triglyceride(TG), low density lipoprotein(LDL-C), high density lipoprotein(HDL-C)] and clinical efficacy were observed before and after treatment in the two groups. Results After treatment in the two groups, the obesity indices of W, A, BMI, F% and the blood lipid levels of TC, TG, LDL-C were obviously decreased compared with those before treatment (all P<0. 01) and the HDL-C levels were apparently increased than those before treatment (both P<0. 01). After treatment, the improvement of TC and HDL-C in the observation group was superior to that in the control group (both P<0. 01). The difference was not statistically significant in the aspect of improving every obesity index between two groups (all P>. 05). The comprehensive total effective rate of the observation group was 95.4% (62/65), which was better than 84. 6% (55/65) of the control group (P<0. 001).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Warm acupuncture combined with auricular acupuncture and simple warm acupuncture can both benignly adjust abnormal lipid metabolism of obesity patients with hyperlipidemia, and warm acupuncture combined with auricular acupuncture are superior to simple warm acupuncture treatment on antiobesity action and improving the TC and HDL-C levels.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Acupuncture, Ear , Blood Glucose , Metabolism , Hyperlipidemias , Metabolism , Therapeutics , Kidney , Obesity , Metabolism , Therapeutics , Spleen , Triglycerides , Metabolism , Yang Deficiency , Metabolism , Therapeutics
16.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 737-740, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-243076

ABSTRACT

In view of the public academic papers of Professor LIU Zhicheng, his academic track is analyzed, including validating effect, exploring mechanism, improving efficacy, expanding disease variety, deepening mechanism, optimizing program and seeking breakthrough. On this basis, combined with the self-character of TCM, the potential path for the academic cultivation of young scholars is refined: focusing on clinical practice, confirming clinical efficacy, deepening mechanism exploration, improving clinical therapeutic effect, optimizing clinical program, extending clinical disease spectrum, inheriting, seeking, breaking through, innovating, expecting and topping over. It is believed that during the academic cultivation, the importance is to form the stable research direction and continuity, organize research team, absorb actively new knowledge and thoughts, and adopt multidisciplinary cross and coordination so as to achieve the greater success ultimately.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Acupuncture , Education , History , Acupuncture Therapy , History , China , History, 20th Century , History, 21st Century , Publications , Teaching , History
17.
Journal of Audiology and Speech Pathology ; (6): 174-179, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-444688

ABSTRACT

Objective The objective of the present study was to establish a template for the self assessment of hearing aids outcomes according to the evaluation of a large group of hearing aid users .Methods In total ,1 724 subjects participated in the study .The Chinese version of International Outcome Inventory for Hearing Aids (IOI-HA) was used as the evaluation tool .IOI -HA is a seven -item questionnaire ,each item is designed to assess a specific outcome domain .Each item was designed with a five -point rating scale ,a higher rating indicates better outcome .According to the subjects'self reported hearing difficulty when they were not wearing hearing aids (unaid-ed) ,the subjects were divided into two groups :self reported hearing difficulty to be no ,mild ,moderate group ,and self reported hearing difficulty to be moderately severe or severe group ,respectively .Templates for each group were established according to the analysis of the item ratings .Results One thousand two hundred and forty -seven sub-jects accept the investigation ,with a response rate of 72 .3% ,and 1203 completed responses were included in the fi-nal analysis .The Chinese version of IOI-HA scores showed a skewed distribution ,with a mean score ranging from 3 .52 to 4 .19 .The total IOI-HA scores ranged from 9 to 35 ,and the mean total score was 26 .30 .Results showed that for the self reported hearing difficulty (unaided) to be none ,mild or moderate group ,the mean scores for the i-tem of daily use ,benefit ,residual activity limitation ,satisfaction ,residual participation restrictions ,impact on others ,and quality of life were 4 .14 ,3 .67 ,3 .76 ,3 .58 ,3 .56 ,3 .93 and 3 .69 ,respectively .The corresponding mean scores for the self reported hearing difficulty (unaided) to be moderately severe or severe group were 4 .19 ,3 .63 ,3 .64 ,3 . 65 ,3 .52 ,3 .89 ,and 3 .79 ,respectively .A template for the Chinese IOI -HA was established according to the above data .Conclusion The template for the Chinese version of IOI -HA could be served as an effective tool to measure the general effectiveness of the hearing aid outcomes and hearing aid fitting in China ,which would also facilitate the international outcome comparison cross culture .

18.
Journal of Zhejiang Chinese Medical University ; (6): 1326-1330,1348, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-599876

ABSTRACT

Objective] To evaluate the acupuncture treatment of type 2 diabetes peripheral neuropathy clinical curative effect and safety. [Methods] Com-puter retrieval of the CENTRAL, Cochrane, Web Of Science, CBM, CNKI, VIP database, find al about acupuncture and moxibustion treatment of type 2 diabetic gastroparesis of randomized control ed trial(RCT), build library retrieval time until March 19, 2014.At the same time ShouJian into literature references.According to inclusion and exclusion criteria, independently by two researchers after RCT extraction and filtering, data quality evaluation, using Revman5.2 Meta analysis software, use the GRADE system for quality evaluation of evidence. [Results] Seven studies involving 364 patients were includ-ed.Meta analysis showed:(1) effective rate:the acupuncture compared with drugs, the results between the two groups were statistical y significant (RR=3.35, 95% CI=(2.05, 5.48)], suggesting that acupuncture treatment can improve efficiency for the treatment of type 2 diabetes peripheral neuropathy. (2) MNCV:the median nerve, and results showed that the statistical significance was found between the two groups[MD=2.29, 95%CI=(0.61, 3.98)].Includ-ing philalways nervous, the result showed that between the two groups had statistical significance[MD=2.16, 95% CI=(0.16, 4.16)].(3)SNCV:includ-ing median nerve, the results showed that the statistical significance was found between the two groups[MD=1.79, 95% CI=(0.57, 3.02)].Including phi-lalways nervous, the result showed that the two groups had statistical significance[MD=3.59, 95%CI=(2.28, 4.91)].Based on GRADE system ,al the evidence was at low level and weak recommendation. [Conclusion] Acupuncture-moxibustion for the type 2 diabetes peripheral neuropathy is better than the conven-tional medicine treatment.Limited by the guality of the inclusive literalures, it needs more high quality, large sample of RCT further argument.

19.
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (24): 701-704, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-749306

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To provide a clinical reference by comparing the conventional 226 Hz tympanometry with 1000 Hz tympanometry in two groups of young children with otitis media effusion evidenced by CT scan.@*METHOD@#One hundred and seventy-seven young children (226 ears), from 1 to 60 months, with otitis media effusion were involved in this study. They were divided into six groups by age: 0-6 months group, 6-12 months group, 12-18 months group, 18-24 months group, 24-36 months group, 36-60 months group. They were tested with tympanometry of 2 probe-tones of 226 and 1 000 Hz. Type A tympanogram was defined as a normal middle ear function in 226 Hz and single-or double-peak in 1 000 Hz tympanometry. One hundred and fifty-eight normal young children (266 ears) were selected as control group. The results were analysed with Chi square test. Receiver operator characteristic (ROC) analysis was performed to evaluate the two methods.@*RESULT@#In the young children with otitis media effusion, the detection rate of 226 Hz tympanogram in six groups was 21.1%, 35.2%, 46.9%, 42%, 62.5% and 68% respectively, while 94.7%, 98.1%, 96.9%, 91.2%, 95.8% and 88% respectively in 1 000 Hz tympanogram. In the young children with normal middle ear function, the detection rate of 226 Hz tympanogram in six groups was 95.1%, 88.6%, 85.1%, 93.3%, 88.5% and 93.5%, while 87.8%, 94.3%, 89.4%, 95.6%, 94.2% and 97.8% respectively in 1 000 Hz tympanogram. The detection rate was significantly different between 226 and 1 000 Hz tympanogram in the young children under 36-month old.@*CONCLUSION@#A single-or double-peak 1000 Hz tympanometric patterns as normal criteria was a simple way to evaluate young children s' middle ear function. 1 000 Hz tympanometry should be given priority to the children within 36-month old in detection middle ear function,the 226 and 1 000 Hz tympanometry should be done at the same time within 36-60 months old.


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Acoustic Impedance Tests , Methods , Otitis Media with Effusion , Diagnosis , Sensitivity and Specificity
20.
World Science and Technology-Modernization of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 1809-1813, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-453947

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to observe the effect of electro-acupuncture (EA) treatment on Zhong-Xiao (ZX, T2MD) with obesity. A total of 203 patients with ZX accompanied with obesity accepted EA treatment. Before and after 3-month treatment, observations were made on patients' fasting blood glucose (FBS), fasting insulin (FINS), in-sulin sensitivity index (ISI), insulin resistance index (Homa-IR), insulin secretion index (Homa-β), degree of obesity (A), body mass (Kg), body mass index (BMI) and body fat percentage (F%) changes. The results showed that com-pared with pretreatment, the posttreatment FINS, Homa-IR, FBS had a significant decrease among 203 patients (P<0.01); the ISI and Homa-β had a significant increase (P < 0.01). There was a significant statistical difference on islet β-cell function before and after treatment. The A, body mass, BMI, and F% were significantly decreased (P<0.01). It was concluded that EA can significantly correct ZX with obesity patients' glucose consumption, protect the islet β-cell function, and reduce the body mass of patients.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL