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1.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 742-747, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981663

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the application of surgical strategies for the treatment of cervical ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) involving the C 2 segment.@*METHODS@#The literature about the surgery for cervical OPLL involving C 2 segment was reviewed, and the indications, advantages, and disadvantages of surgery were summarized.@*RESULTS@#For cervical OPLL involving the C 2 segments, laminectomy is suitable for patients with OPLL involving multiple segments, often combined with screw fixation, and has the advantages of adequate decompression and restoration of cervical curvature, with the disadvantages of loss of cervical fixed segmental mobility. Canal-expansive laminoplasty is suitable for patients with positive K-line and has the advantages of simple operation and preservation of cervical segmental mobility, and the disadvantages include progression of ossification, axial symptoms, and fracture of the portal axis. Dome-like laminoplasty is suitable for patients without kyphosis/cervical instability and with negative R-line, and can reduce the occurrence of axial symptoms, with the disadvantage of limited decompression. The Shelter technique is suitable for patients with single/double segments and canal encroachment >50% and allows for direct decompression, but is technically demanding and involves risk of dural tear and nerve injury. Double-dome laminoplasty is suitable for patients without kyphosis/cervical instability. Its advantages are the reduction of damage to the cervical semispinal muscles and attachment points and maintenance of cervical curvature, but there is progress in postoperative ossification.@*CONCLUSION@#OPLL involving the C 2 segment is a complex subtype of cervical OPLL, which is mainly treated through posterior surgery. However, the degree of spinal cord floatation is limited, and with the progress of ossification, the long-term effectiveness is poor. More research is needed to address the etiology of OPLL and to establish a systematic treatment strategy for cervical OPLL involving the C 2 segment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Longitudinal Ligaments/surgery , Ossification of Posterior Longitudinal Ligament/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Osteogenesis , Decompression, Surgical/methods , Cervical Vertebrae/surgery , Laminoplasty/methods , Kyphosis/surgery , Retrospective Studies
2.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 3858-3863, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-610579

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:There are many postmenopausal women taking hormone, which leads to much loss of bone mass, further inducing fragility fractures. The studies on the hormone exposure combined with ovariectomy-induced osteoporotic model are still immature, and the related molecular mechanism remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: To establish the rat osteoporotic model induced by ovariectomy combined with glucocorticoid exposure and to explore the underlying molecular mechanism. METHODS: Thirty 3-month-old female Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into blank control, sham and model groups (n=10 per group). The rats in the blank control group received no intervention; rats in the sham group were clipped off a little of coeliac adipose tissue; the model rats received bilateral ovariectomy and 4-week administration of glucocorticoid. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:At 4 weeks after modeling, compared with blank control and sham groups, the model group showed significantly lower bone mineral density of the femur, number of bone trabeculae and bone volume/total volume, and significantly wider bone trabecular spacing. Additionally, the model group revealed the damaged bone trabecular structure and thiner cortical bone. The expression level of Runx2 was downregulated whereas both collagen type 1α1 and peroxisome proliferators activated receptor γ mRNA were upregulated in the model group. These findings suggest that ovariectomized rats exposed to glucocorticoid rapidly develop femur osteoporosis, maybe by downregulating the expression of Runx2, as well as upregualting collagen type 1α1 and peroxisome proliferators activatedreceptor γ mRNA.

3.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 1203-1209, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-487421

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: It is a hotspot that calcium phosphate and calcium sulphate as the main ingredients are combined with one or more other materials to improve or increase the performance of bone tissue engineering scaffolds. OBJECTIVE: To introduce the research advance of these two kinds of scaffolds in bone tissue engineering. METHODS: The articles related to the bone tissue engineering published during January 2000 to June 2015 were retrieved from CNKI and PubMed databases by computer. The key words were “bone tissue engineering, scaffold, calcium phosphate, calcium sulphate, vascularization” in Chinese and English, respectively. ESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Calcium phosphate and calcium sulfate are characterized as having good biocompatibility, biodegradability, osteoconductivity and complete bone substitutability. However, single use of calcium phosphate or calcium sulfate scaffold has certain disadvantages, both of which are difficult to ful y meet the requirements of the bone defect repair. Improvement can be acquired in the mechanical strength, injectability and biodegradability, as wel as drug-loading and pro-angiogenesis of the scaffold in combination with other materials. In the basal and clinical research, we should explore and develop ideal scaffolds in on the basis of therapeutic aim. However, most of the scaffold studies are stil at the extracorporeal and animal experiment stage, and the comparative studies on composite scaffolds and optimal proportion of those composite scaffolds stil need to be further investigated.

4.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 517-521, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-485741

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: In lumbar spondylolisthesis patients with severe osteoporosis, screw is easily loose and pul s out during reposition, or loss of reduction and internal fixation failure easily occur after repair. Therefore, it is very important to elevate the intensity of pedicle screw fixation during repair. At present, few studies concern application of bone cement screw enhancement technology in lumbar spondylolisthesis patients with osteoporosis. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical value of augmented pedicle screw with polymethylmethacrylate for lumbar spondylolisthesis accompanied with osteoporosis. METHODS: From June 2009 to June 2011, 27 patients suffering from lumbar spondylolisthesis accompanied with osteoporosis were included in this retrospective study. These patients received augmented pedicle screw with polymethylmethacrylate. The levels of disability and pain were evaluated by Oswestry Disability Index and visual analog scale. The internal fixation and fusion were evaluated by radiological findings. Al complications were recorded. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Al cases were fol owed up for 15-37 months. Oswestry Disability Index and visual analog scale scores were significantly better in final fol ow-up than that pre-treatment (P < 0.05). Imaging results revealed that bone cement tightly connected to bone interface. The position of screw and bone cement was good. Symptomatic bone cement leakage was not found. No fixation failure was detected during final fol ow-up. Al patients achieved interbody fusion. These results suggested that polymethylmethacrylate bone cement could increase the gripping force of the pedicle screw in osteoporotic vertebral body. It is safe and effective to treat spondylolisthesis accompanied with osteoporosis with augmented pedicle screws. Satisfactory fixation stability and interbody fusion can be obtained.

5.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 170-176, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-462724

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:There are so many studies about ovariectomized rats at present, but the research on the change rules of bone mass, bone turnover markers, estrogen levels and their correlation in different periods of ovariectomized rats is rarely reported. OBJECTIVE:To analyze the change rules of bone mass, bone turnover markers, estrogen level and their correlation in different periods of ovariectomized rats. METHODS: Thirty-four 3-month-old female Sprague Dawley rats were randomly divided into three groups: baseline group, ovariectomized group and sham operated group. At the beginning of the experiment, the rats in the baseline group were sacrificed, then rats in the ovariectomized group and sham operated group were executed at 4, 8, 12 weeks postoperative respectively. The bone mineral density, bone mass content, area of different zones of the L1-3 lumbar vertebrae and femurs were detected by dual-energy X-ray absorption method, and meanwhile the serum levels of type I procolagen amino-terminal pro-peptide, I colagen carboxy-terminal peptide and estrogen were determined by ELISA. At last, we analyzed the correlation between body mass, bone mineral densityin vitro, type I procolagen amino-terminal pro-peptide, I colagen carboxy-terminal peptide and estrogen levels and the age of ovariectomized rats. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: (1) The bone mineral density and bone mass content of the lumbar vertebral and femurs in the ovariectomized group were significantly lower than those in the sham operated group and baseline group at the 4th week after operation (P < 0.05). The bone mineral density and bone mass content in the ovariectomized group were ameliorated obviously at the 8th and 12th weeks compared with those at the 4th week after operation (P < 0.05). The bone mass loss was highest in the L1 and intertrochanteric regions. (2) Serum levels of type I procolagen amino-terminal pro-peptide and I colagen carboxy-terminal peptide in the ovariectomized group were significantly higher than those in the baseline group and sham operated group at the 4th week after operation, but there was no difference at the 8th and 12th weeks. (3) The serum estrogen level in the ovariectomized group was prominently lower than that in the sham operated group and baseline group at the 8th and 12th weeks after operation (P < 0.01 at the 8th week,P < 0.05 at the 12th week). (4) The age was positively correlated with body mass and bone mineral density of the lumbar vertebrae and femursin vitro, while the serum levels of type I procolagen amino-terminal pro-peptide and I colagen carboxy-terminal peptide were negatively correlated with the bone mineral density of the lumbar vertebrae and femurs in vitro (P < 0.01). These results suggested that the bone mass of the lumbar vertebrae and femurs in ovariectomized rats was decreased rapidly firstly, and then rose slowly with time; the bone mass in the L1 and intertrochanteric regions lost seriously; the bone turnover markers showed a significant increase at the beginning of ovariectomy and reduced gradualy to normal condition, while the estrogen level was increased at the first month after ovariectomy and then decreased rapidly. In addition, the body mass, bone turnover markers and estrogen level were associated with the change of bone mass.

6.
Acta Laboratorium Animalis Scientia Sinica ; (6): 85-88, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-475188

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the effects of gastric gavage and intramuscular injection of prednisone on the bone mineral density, skeletal biomechanical properties and bone metabolism in rats.Methods A total of 45 SPF rats were randomly divided into three groups:normal group, intragastric administration group, and intramuscular injection group.The normal group, as a control group, was administrated with normal saline 2 mL per day, both the intragastric administration group and i.m.injec-tion group received prednisone 0.5 mg/(kg.d) for 12 weeks.All rats were examined for bone mineral density (BMD) and the level of serum β-CTX and PINP.The femoral cortical biomechanical properties ( elastic load, maximal load, rupturing load) were measured by three point bending test.Results After 12 weeks, compared with the normal group, BMD and elastic load, maximal load, and rupturing load of the femur were significantly decreased.Compared with the intragastric gavage group, BMD was significantly decreased, while the elastic load, maximal load, and rupturing load of the femur were not significantly changed in the i.m.injection group (P<0.05 for all).Compared with the normal group, the level of serum β-CTX was significantly raised (P<0.05) and the level of serum PINP was significantly decreased (P<0.05).Compared with the intragastric gavage group, the level of serumβ-CTX was also significantly raised (P<0.05), the level of serum PINP was significantly decreased (P<0.05), the bone trabecula and hemopoietic tissue were obviously decreased, while the adipose tissue increased obviously. Conclusions Both intragastric gavage and intramuscular injection of prednisone affect the level of BMD, skeletal biomechanical properties and bone metabolism.However, i.m.injection of prednisone decreases the BMD and bone strength more significantly, leading to a higher bone turnover with increased bone resorption, and leads to osteoporosis earlier.Our results may suggest that oral administration of prednisone is more safe in clinical treatment.

7.
Acta Laboratorium Animalis Scientia Sinica ; (6): 48-51, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-448293

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the characteristics and advantages of the rat model of lumbar nerve root com -pression established via modified hemilaminectomy approach .Methods Forty Sprague Dawley ( SD) rats were randomly divided into two groups ( experimental group and control group ) for establishing a rat model of lumbar nerve root compres-sion.Modified hemilaminectomy apprpoach was used in the experimental group , while total laminectomy was applied in the control group.Duration of operation, estimated blood loss, wound healing status, postoperative mortality, motor function of the lower extremities , pathological changes and the gray level of cytoplasmic TNF-αand IL-1 expression were observed to e-valuate the characteristics and reliability of the two operation approaches in establishing a rat model of lumbar nerve root compression.Results Compared with the control group , duration of operation , estimated blood loss , wound healing sta-tus, postoperative mortality were significantly better in the experimental group (P<0.01), whereas there was non-signifi-cant difference between two groups with regard to motor function of the lower extremities , pathological changes and gray lev-el of the cytoplasmic expression of TNF-αand IL-1 between the two groups .Moreover, the soft tissue structural alterations were reduced in the experimental group , which might be helpful for the rat postoperative rehabilitation .Conclusions Modified hemilaminectomy approach is a reliable alternative method for establishing a rat model of lumbar nerve root com -pression, which is beneficial to shorten the operative time , improve wound healing status , reduce estimated blood loss and damages of soft tissue , and decrease mortality rate .Moreover , this modified method is more consistent with the principles of animal ethics .

8.
Journal of Guangzhou University of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6)2004.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-577139

ABSTRACT

【Objective】To assess the indications and therapeutic effect of surgical treatment for lumbar disc herniation(LDH) associated with lumbar degenerative instability(LDI).【Methods】Fifty-eight LDH associated with LDI patients,which were ineffective after strictly conservative treatment or simple decompression with disc excision,received lumbar vertebral plate resection and disc excision from posterior approach,and transpedicular screw fixation combined with posterior lumbar interbody fusion.【Results】A averaged 13-month follow-up was carried out in 54 patients.The therapeutic effect assessed by Japanese Orthopaedics Association(JOA) was as follows: excellent in 37 patients,good in 13,ordinary in 4,and the excellent +good rate was 92.59%.The results of X radiography 3 months after the operation showed that lumbar interbody fusion was successful in 52 patients,the infusion rating being 96.30%.【Conclusion】Lumbar vertebral plate resection and disc excision from posterior approach,and transpedicular screw fixation combined with posterior lumbar interbody fusion are effective for the treatment of LDH associated with LDI.

9.
Journal of Guangzhou University of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6)2004.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-574266

ABSTRACT

[Objective] To investigate the therapeutic effect of early anterior bone grafting and internal fixation after focal cleaning and vertebral canal decompression for the treatment of tuberculosis of thoracolumbar vertebrae. [ Methods ] A retrospective study was carried out in 26 patients with thoracolumbar vertebral tuberculosis (TVT) who received early anterior bone grafting and internal fixation after focal cleaning and vertebral canal decompression. After treatment, the therapeutic effect was evaluated by observing the recovery of nerve function. [Results] The result of a follow-up ranging from 8 months to five years and 4 months showed that all the cases wi vertebral tuberculosis were cured, free from relapse. The internal fixation and bone graf(?)ing for fusion were good, and nerve function recovered, maintaining a good state. The nerve function of six patients with incomplete paralysis fully recovered. [Conclusion] Early anterior bone grafting and internal fixation after focal cleaning and vertebral canal decompression are effective to promote the recovery of nerve function of TVT patients. This regimen is capable of relieving or preventing spinal compression promptly, rebuilding the stability of the spine and presenting the focal diffusion, beneficial to the recovery of the patients.

10.
Chinese Journal of Diabetes ; (12)2000.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-591757

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the change of the activities of peroxisome ?-oxidation in T2DM patients with the lipid disorders.Methods We analyzed the changes of the activities of peroxisome ?-oxidation and fatty acyl-CoA oxidase and its mRNA expression in 112 cases of T2DM patients.Results We found that there was compensatory increase in activity of peroxisome ?-oxidation of T2DM patients.As compared with control group,the activity of fatty acyl-CoA oxidase of T2DM group was increased by 5%(P

11.
Journal of Guangzhou University of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6)1999.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-575131

ABSTRACT

[Objective] To investigate the effect of SKY expander vertebroplasty and KYPHON vertebroplasty for compression fracture of thoracic/lumbar vertebral body. [Methods] Twenty-one patients (group A) with compression fracture in 27 thoracic/lumbar vertebral bodies were enrolled to this study. Among them, 17 fractured vertebral bodies from 15 patients received SKY expander vertebroplasty and another 10 fractured vertebral bodies from 6 patients received KYPHON vertebroplasty. Thirty-three patients (group B) with compression fracture in 35 thoracic/lumbar vertebral bodies receiving conservative treatment during the same period served as the control. After treatment, the therapeutic effect and result of X-ray image were compared in the two groups. [Results] A follow-up ranging from 1 month to 11 months showed that pain in the loin and back, decrease of vertebral height, complications of leaking of bone cement, and bed sore (which occurred in group B) were not found in the patients receiving vertebroplasty. [Conclusion] SKY expander vertebroplasty and KYPHON vertebroplasty are effective and safe for compression fracture of thoracic/lumbar vertebral body, which can relieve the back and loin pain as soon as possible, reconstruct the vertebral body, decrease the occurrence of complications and promote the rehabilitation, and have a better effect than conservative treatment. For the two kinds of vertebroplasty, SKY expander vertebroplasty is economic and indicated for single vertebral fracture and old fracture, and KYPHON vertebroplasty is indicated for multiple vertebral fracture, severe fracture, and vertebral body fracture with end-plate broken.

12.
Journal of Guangzhou University of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6)1999.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-569873

ABSTRACT

0.05 ), and the effect in Group A and Group B was superior to Group C(P

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