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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-791733

ABSTRACT

Familial glucocorticoid deficiency (FGD) is a rare autosomal recessive disease characterized by a single cortisol deficiency and normal aldosterone and renin levels, reported by Shepard et al. in 1959 for the first time. The age of FGD onset may be early or later, from neonatal to adult. The clinical manifestations vary due to the different age at onset. The clinical identification was difficult and would be prone to misdiagnosis because the disease may have many similarities with primary adrenal insufficiency (PAI) caused by other reasons.

2.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 601-605, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709568

ABSTRACT

Objective To summarize the experience of patient positing,port placements setting and robot cart docking in pediatric robot-assisted laparoscopic upper urinary tract operations.Methods From March 2017 to December 2017,140 robot-assisted laparoscopic upper urinary tract procedures were performed in our institution,including 110 cases of pyeloplasty,15 upper pole heminephroureterectomy,12 simple nephrectomy and 3 adrenalectomy.There were 103 males and 37 females with a range age from 1 month to 18 years.The assistant surgeon was adjacent to the instrument nurse,and patients were placed in a supine position with 60°-80° inclination and keep the legs low to the body.Room setup and patient positioning were similar to the traditional laparoscopic surgery.Semi-hidden incision technique was used in 140 patients:the camera port was placed umbilicus,two additional arm ports (one 5 mm and one 8 mm) were placed under direct vision,the 8 mm arm port was placed on the line of a Pfannenstiel incision and the 5 mm arm port was placed below the Xiphoid along the midline.Finally,a 3 or 5 mm assistant port was placed approximately 3 cm lateral to the inferior arm port,the line of a Pfannenstiel incision.Results The average time was (11.5 ± 3.2) min (10.5-16.5 min) from skin incision to robot cart docking completed.All surgeries were successfully completed without open conversion.One patient required an additional assist port for severe adhesion after the previously open surgery,there was no injury to other viscera.Average operative time was (146.9 ± 48.7)min (78-259 min) and average post-operative hospitalization time was (5.7 ± 1.4) d(4-10 d),respectively.There was no visual scar on abdominal 6 weeks postoperatively,and all parents made comments about their satisfaction with the cosmetic appearance.All operations got complete success at a mean follow up of 6 (1-9) months.Conclusions A good room setup,patient positioning and the semi-hidden incision technique port placements are maintaining the safety of the patient,avoiding compression injuries,allowing maximum mobility of the robotic arms,and facilitating a smooth and efficient surgery,and improving post-operative recovery.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-618351

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the consistency of transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) and pulmonary artery catheter (PAC) method in monitoring cardiac volume load and cardiac hemodynamic indexes.Methods: A total of 45 patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting in our hospital were selected.The right ventricular end-diastolic volume (RVEDV), right ventricular end-systolic volume (RVESV) and right ventricular ejection fraction (RVEF) were monitored during surgery by TEE and PAC respectively.Consistency of monitored data was compared between two methods.Results: Both TEE and PAC indicated that compared with baseline level, after loading, there were significant rise in RVEDV [TEE: (38±6)ml vs.(51±9ml), PAC: (153±17)ml vs.(188±19)ml], RVESV [TEE: (19±4)ml vs.(33±5)ml, PAC: (92±16)ml vs.(110±23)ml], P0.05.Before therapy, RVEDV, RVESV and RVEF monitored by PAC and TEE showed significant positive correlation, and all relevant coefficients were >0.8 (r=0.844, 0.862, 0.916, P0.8 (r=0.892, P<0.01).Conclusion: In clinical monitor, the consistency of TEE and PAC is high,the former is non-traumatic,and is more convenient for clinical use.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-510522

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the structural response of diaphragm and soleus of the rat after mechanical ventilation (MV), and to explore the specific mechanism of the dysfunction of both muscles.Methods Sixteen male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into control group and MV group, with 8 rats in each group. Rats in MV group were treated with controlled ventilation and maintained anesthesia, and those in control group were only anesthetized without MV and maintained anesthesia. The diaphragm and soleus were harvested after MV for 18 hours, and the morphology changes were observed with light microscope. The cross section of muscle fiber was observed by immunofluorescence technique analysis, and the cross-sectional area of muscle fiber was calculated. The ultra structural changes in muscle fibers were observed under transmission electron microscope.Results ① Observed under light microscope, the cross section of the diaphragm and soleus muscle in the control group was regular, the nucleus was normal and the cytoplasm was homogeneous. The fibers in the diaphragm-biopsy specimens from MV subjects were smaller than those from control subjects, whereas these signs were not found in soleus. But fiber atrophy in MV specimens was not accompanied by an inflammatory-cell infiltrate. ② Under the fluorescence microscope, the control group had a smaller cross-section of the slow-twitch muscle in diaphragm, while the fast-twitch muscle fibers werelarger. As compared with diaphragm-biopsy specimens from control, specimens from MV subjects showed decreased cross-sectional areas of slow-twitch and fast-twitch fibers, respectively (μm2: 1069.00±155.24 vs. 1297.12±331.15, 2279.66±442.31 vs. 3031.80±596.11, bothP 0.05). ③ In the control group, the muscle fibers of the diaphragm and soleus were arranged orderly, the boundary of the light and dark bands and the Z-line were clear, and there was no autophagy in the visual field. The outer membrane of the mitochondria was complete, and the cristae were in the shape of clapboard. The signs of misalignment of myofibrils, disruption of Z-line and vacuolar mitochondria were found in diaphragm from MV group, whereas these signs were not found in soleus. Diaphragm from MV group exhibited an increase in autophagic vesicles visualized by transmission electron microscopy as compared with control group.Conclusions Controlled MV for 18 hours resulted in diaphragmatic inactivity and promoted muscle injury and atrophy, while autophagy and mitochondrial dysfunction were enhanced. Soleus immobilization for 18 hours was not associated with muscle atrophy. These facts suggest that the signaling associated with diaphragm atrophy during MV may involve different mechanisms compared with other models of muscle atrophy. Diaphragm appeared to be more susceptible to MV.

5.
Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences. 2015; 31 (5): 1053-1056
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-174085

ABSTRACT

To investigate the effect of treatment on prognosis of patients with different timing of early interventional treatment for non-ST segment elevation acute myocardial infarction [NSTEMI]. Forty two cases above 75 years old, diagnosed with high-risk on NSTEMi, were selected in cardiology department of Xinxiang central hospital. They were randomly divided into two groups: 22 in group A and 20 in group B. Group A was performed PCI surgery within 12 hours after the onset while group B from 12 to 24 hour after the onset. Major adverse cardiovascular events [including death, heart failure readmission rates after ischemia, malignant arrhythmias, again target vessel revascularization] and bleeding data were recorded at the three terms of hospitalization, one month after the onset and six months after the onset. Angina, malignant arrhythmia and heart failure during hospitalization can be reduced after interventional treatment carried out within 12 hours after the onset. Readmission rates after ischemia, heart failure and the incidence of death can be significantly reduced after interventional treatment carried out during 1-6 month after the onset with no significant increase in bleeding rate. In the treatment of elderly patients with NSTEMI, early interventional treatment is safe and effective

6.
Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. 2015; 28 (5 Supp.): 1857-1860
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-174928

ABSTRACT

To discuss the cause of positive atropine test and the possible reason for false positive atropine test, providing a certain aids for for clinical diagnosis and treatment. Eighty patients, conducted atropine test due to sinus bradycardia, with Positive results from January 2010 to June 2013, were selected. Sinus heart rate were calculated and the changes in heart Arnie were observed by tracing electrocardiogram. Esophageal electrophysiological examination and atropine test were aimantrated. SPSS 10.0 statistical software was adopted and x2 test was applied for comparison. The positive results of atropine test and results of esophageal electrophysiological examination in different ages showed that as age grows, false maise rate of atropine test was significantly reduced, presenting statistically significant difference [x2=6.2821, p<0.05]; The positive results of atropine test and results of esophageal electrophysiological examination in different heart rates showed that false positive rate of atropine test on those with bradycardia was smaller than those with significant bradycardia. presenting statistically significant difference [x2=5.1792, p<0.05]. Simple sinus bradycardia is mostly caused by the increase of vagus nerve tension, almost negative in atropine test. Sick sinus syndrome [SSS] leads to aboornucry in pacemaking and conduction induced by organic lesions in sinus nodes. Moreover, as the disease progresses, r able to cause severe and persistent sinus bradycardia, almost positive in atropine test. Therefore, to identify the increase in vagus nerve tension or sinus bradycardia induced by SSS has a crucial clinical significance. Furthermore, the false positive and false negative profiles in atropine test can easily lead to misdiagnosis and mistreatment in clinic

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-468397

ABSTRACT

This paper introduces and analyzes the changes of scientific understanding in the linkage of global envi-ronment and health from historical and environment perspective, emphasizing on the fact that:the environmental issue im-pacts on human health are attracting an increased attention and emphasis from the international community;the existing re-search has fully proved a clear causal relationship between environmental issues which constitute one of the major factors that lead to a variety of human diseases and human health risks;the environmental issues effects on health quantified at the global level are the highlights and difficulties in the related research, differences in the current research methods and con-clusions exist internationally, but quantitative research is popular; the integration perspective of the existing scientific knowledge and global policy is a huge challenge placed in front of the global environment and health governance.

8.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 487-492, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-310002

ABSTRACT

The accessory proteins (3a, 3b, 6, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9b and ORF14), predicted unknown proteins (PUPs) encoded by the genes, are considered to be unique to the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV) genome. These proteins play important roles in various biological processes mediated by interactions with their partners. However, very little is known about the interactions among these accessory proteins. Here, a EYFP (enhanced yellow fluorescent protein) bimolecular fluorescence complementation (BiFC) assay was used to detect the interactions among accessory proteins. 33 out of 81 interactions were identified by BiFC, much more than that identified by the yeast two-hybrid (Y2H) system. This is the first report describing direct visualization of interactions among accessory proteins of SARS-CoV. These findings attest to the general applicability of the BiFC system for the verification of protein-protein interactions.

9.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 3771-3776, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-240688

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a complex disorder and has been closely linked to obesity. The fat mass and obesity-associated (FTO) gene is a newly discovered gene related to obesity, which enhances oxidative stress and lipogenesis in NAFLD. The forkhead transcription factor O1 (FoxO1) is another important gene involved in NAFLD, which causes lipid disorders when insulin resistance appears in the liver. However, the interactions between FTO and FoxO1 during the pathogenesis of NAFLD have not been fully elucidated. This study was designed to identify the relationship between these two factors that are involved in the development of NAFLD.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>This study includes two parts referred to as animal and cell experiments. Twelve female SPF C57BL/6 mice were fed a high-fat diet to serve as an NAFLD animal model. Aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), total triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol (TC), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), high-density lipoprotein (HDL), and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) were measured. Immunohistochemical analysis was used to detect the expression and histological localization of FTO, FoxO1, and adenosine monophosphate (AMP)-activated protein kinase (AMPK). The L02 cells were exposed to high fat for 24, 48, or 72 hours. Oil red O staining was used to detect intracellular lipid droplets. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction was used for analyzing the levels of FTO and FoxO1 mRNA.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>At the end of 10 weeks, ALP, ALT, AST, and LDL were significantly increased (P < 0.01), while TC and TG were also significantly higher (P < 0.05). In addition, HDL was significantly decreased (P < 0.05). The FTO and FoxO1 proteins were weakly expressed in the control group, but both FTO and FoxO1 were expressed significantly higher (P < 0.01) in the experimental group, and the expression of the two factors was significantly correlated. AMPK in the high-fat group showed a low level of correlation with FTO, but not with FoxO1. Oil Red O staining results showed that the cells cultured in 50% fetal bovine serum for 24, 48, or 72 hours exhibited steatosis. FTO and FoxO1 mRNA were increased in the high-fat group compared with the normal group (P < 0.01). The expression levels of FTO and FoxO1 mRNA were the highest at 48 hours (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>A high-fat diet leads to higher expression of FTO, phosphorylation of FoxO1, and decreased phosphorylation of AMPK. These results suggest that the interactions between FTO and FoxO1 are closely related to the pathogenesis of NAFLD.</p>


Subject(s)
Alanine Transaminase , Genetics , Metabolism , Animals , Aspartate Aminotransferases , Genetics , Metabolism , Cholesterol , Metabolism , Diet, High-Fat , Disease Models, Animal , Female , Forkhead Transcription Factors , Genetics , Metabolism , Lipoproteins, HDL , Metabolism , Lipoproteins, LDL , Metabolism , Liver , Metabolism , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease , Metabolism , Pathology , Obesity , Metabolism , Pathology , Triglycerides , Metabolism
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-442880

ABSTRACT

After human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) were incubated with various concentrations of exenatide for 24,48,and 72 h under the conditions of5.5 and 33 mmol/L glucose,the cell viability was detected by MTF assay.The apoptosis rate of endothelial cells was measured by flow cytometry.Protein kinase B (Akt) phosphorylation,Bcl-2,and Bax protein expression were detected by Western blotting.The results showed that the cell viability was decreased after HUVECs were incubated with high glucose for48 and 72 h (P<0.01).Treatment with 1,10,and 100 nmol/L exenatide for48 h significantly increased the cell viability in the presence of high glucose,in a dose-dependent manner (P<0.01).High glucose inhibited Akt phosphorylation and Bcl-2 protein expression,stimulated Bax protein expression,with decreased Bcl-2/Bax ratio and increased apoptosis ratio of cells.After treatment with exenatide,the cell apoptosis reduced,Akt phosphorylation and Bcl-2 protein expression increased,and Bax protein expression decreased,with increased Bcl-2/Bax ratio (P < 0.01).These effects of exenatide on endothelial cell were abrogated by an inhibitor of phosphotylinosital 3 kinase (PI3K) LY294002 (P < 0.01),suggesting that the exenatide may regulate Bcl-2/Bax protein expression and inhibit endothelial cell apoptosis induced by high glucose through PI3k/Akt signal pathway,and thus may protect endothelial cells.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-388414

ABSTRACT

Retrospectively from February, 2006 to June, 2009 the clinical characteristics of 14 misdiagnosed cases of insulinoma in the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University were analysed. The rate of misdiagnosis was 38% ( 14/37). The rate of IRI/G≤0. 3 was 33%. Insulinoma has often been misdiagnosised when IRI/G≤0. 3. Hence a diagnosis of insulinoma can not be excluded with this IRI/G rate.

12.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 1094-1100, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-244684

ABSTRACT

On the basis of analyzing the defects in traditional averaging theory for extracting evoked potential (EP), and by realizing the characteristic of spontaneous electroencephalo-signal (S-EES) as well as the special environment for extracting EP, we propose an auto-reference, auto-correlation, adaptive interference cancellation (AAA-ICT) for use in the single trial of flash visual evoked potential (FVEP). Firstly, the segment of reference signal, which has the best correlation with evoked electroencephalo-signal (E-EES), was obtained using the method for calculating the sliding correlation point by point between E-EES and reference signal; then, the cancellation factor between E-EES and the most correlative reference signal segment was derived by the least square method; at last, the single trial of FVEP was acquired by interference cancellation. By this method, FVEP can be extracted perfectly and the FVEP variability of individual inter-stimulation can be obtained.


Subject(s)
Algorithms , Electroencephalography , Methods , Evoked Potentials, Visual , Physiology , Humans , Signal Processing, Computer-Assisted
13.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1649-1652, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-302906

ABSTRACT

This assay was designed to construct the prokaryotic expression vector, investigate the expression of PEBP-like in Escherichia coli and purify its product. The PEBP gene was inserted into the vector pET30a (+). The recombinant vector was transferred into E. coli BL21 (DE3)and induced the expression of protein by low concentration of IPTG and low temperature overnight. After purification, the supernatants were analyzed by SDS-PAGE and the results were identified by Western blotting. After IPTG induction, a new anticipating fusion protein of 28 kD appeared as an expected size, and its product was 26.8% in total protein, the fusion protein was positive by Western blotting. The prokaryotic expression system of PEBP-like is successfully constructed. It lays the foundation for the further application study on the antifreeze characters of the PEBP.


Subject(s)
Cloning, Molecular , Escherichia coli , Genetics , Metabolism , Gene Expression Regulation, Plant , Phosphatidylethanolamine Binding Protein , Genetics , Metabolism , Plant Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Recombinant Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Saussurea , Genetics
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-342695

ABSTRACT

In the literatures on the human vision physiology and physics, there were reports about space resolution limit of 1' visual angle, frequency resolution limit of 5 nm and time resolution limit of 0.1" of human vision. However, there has been no report about the contrast resolution limit of human vision,especially the report of measuring method and result about the contrast resolution limit of human vision based on the modern digital image processing. Here we report a modern method for measuring the contrast resolution limit of human vision based on computer digital image processing technology, and we present the measured results and their mathematical models. The function relationships of contrast resolution limit varying with background gray in a photopic or a scotopic sights were illuminated respectively. It can be expected that such investigations with regard to human vision will establish the physiological foundation of the theories and techniques in hiding bodies and hiding figures (stealth), in anti-hiding bodies and anti-hiding figures, in the night vision system independent of infrared, as well as in their relative industries.


Subject(s)
Algorithms , Contrast Sensitivity , Physiology , Female , Humans , Image Processing, Computer-Assisted , Methods , Male , Models, Theoretical , Vision, Ocular , Physiology , Young Adult
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-634234

ABSTRACT

The self-made high sensitivity and selectivity micro-biosensor was applied to monitor the change of dopamine in cerebral nucleus in rats in vivo. The micro-biosensor was prepared and used to detect dopamine level in vitro and monitor the dynamic change of dopamine in different cerebral nucleus in vivo. The results showed the lowest concentration of dopamine that could be detected by the biosensor was 32.5 nmol/L. Its positive peak was significantly different from that of AA, 5-HTP and E. The biosensor could keep working for monitoring the dopamine concentration in the cerebral tissue for more than 10 h. It was concluded that the microsensor has high sensitivity and selectivity to dopamine and can be used to dynamically monitor the change of dopamine in vivo.


Subject(s)
Biosensing Techniques/instrumentation , Biosensing Techniques/methods , Brain Chemistry , Corpus Striatum/metabolism , Dopamine/analysis , Microelectrodes , Monitoring, Physiologic
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-336920

ABSTRACT

The self-made high sensitivity and selectivity micro-biosensor was applied to monitor the change of dopamine in cerebral nucleus in rats in vivo. The micro-biosensor was prepared and used to detect dopamine level in vitro and monitor the dynamic change of dopamine in different cerebral nucleus in vivo. The results showed the lowest concentration of dopamine that could be detected by the biosensor was 32.5 nmol/L. Its positive peak was significantly different from that of AA, 5-HTP and E. The biosensor could keep working for monitoring the dopamine concentration in the cerebral tissue for more than 10 h. It was concluded that the microsensor has high sensitivity and selectivity to dopamine and can be used to dynamically monitor the change of dopamine in vivo.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-621818

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze and evaluate the impact of adolescents' sexual and reproductive health education on students' sexual knowledge,attitude and behavior.Methods A short-term intervention was conducted among high school students in two schools in Xixiang county,Shaanxi Province.The intervention was carried out in the forms of manual,video,discussion,consultation,and so on .The contents of intervention consisted of the knowledge about adolescent physiology,care,conception,STD/HIV, and so on. Results The results showed that students' knowledge increased significantly(11.92±4.61 before intervention vs 19.81±4.8 after intervention,P=0.000).The sexual attitude and behavior changed insignificantly,especially the change of behavior.Conclusion The intervention is significantly effective in increasing knowledge,but less effective in the change of attitude and almost ineffective in the behavior change.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-674941

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the clinical effect o f Ho:YAG laser on the treatment of urinary calculi. Methods 155 cases of urolithiasis were treated via ureteroscope or cystoscope with V ersa Pulse Select Ho:YAG lithotriptor. Results 8 cases with kidney stones and 7 bladder stones were fragmented after a single s ession. The overall successful stone fragmentation rate of ureteral calculi was 95.7%(134/140). The mean stone expectoration time stone-free was 2.5 weeks. The mean operation time and post-operation hospital stay were 25 minutes and 2.5 da ys. No major complications such as perforation were encountered. Co nclusions Ho:YAG lithotripsy is an excellent treatment modality for urolithiasis.

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