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1.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 274-279, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995727

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the value of artificial intelligence (AI) cytomorphologic analysis system in the cytomorphological diagnosis and therapeutic evaluation of acute myeloid leukemia (AML).Methods:Bone marrow smear samples were collected from 150 patients with newly diagnosed and treated acute myeloid leukemia who were inpatients and outpatients at the Department of Institute of Hematology and Blood Diseases Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College from June 1, 2021 to July 31, 2022 for retrospective analysis. Among them, there were 50 patients in the newly diagnosed group, including 28 males and 22 females, with the onset age of 43.5(32.3,58.8)years. There were 100 patients in the post-treatment group, including 36 males and 64 females, with the onset age of 34.5(23.0,47.0)years. The results from cytomorphology expert were used as the gold standard and the Python 3.6.7 was used for analysis to evaluate the accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity of the AI cytomorphologic analysis system for blast cell recognition in AML diagnosis and treatment.Results:The proportion of blasts in AI analysis of 50 samples in the newly diagnosed group was≥20%, which met the diagnostic criteria of AML. AI analysis of blasts had an accuracy of 90.3%, sensitivity of 85.5%, and specificity of 98.0%. The correlation coefficient between AI and the proportion of blasts analyzed by experts was positively correlated( r=0.882, P<0.001). Meanwhile, in the post-treatment group, the sensitivity and specificity of AI analysis of blasts were 89.7% and 99.2%, respectively. The correlation coefficient between AI and the proportion of blasts analyzed by experts was positively correlated( r=0.957, P<0.001). According to AI analysis data, there are 8 samples in this group whose AI efficacy evaluation results on AML are inconsistent with expert analysis. Conclusion:AI cytomorphologic analysis system has high accuracy, sensitivity and specificity for blast cell recognition in AML morphological diagnosis and therapeutic evaluation.

2.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 532-535, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995012

ABSTRACT

It was a retrospective study. The patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) who underwent renal biopsy in the Department of Nephrology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University from 2015 to 2021 were enrolled to analyze the pathological and clinical manifestations of kidney. There were 483 patients enrolled, including 136 patients who had no history of diabetes mellitus, newly diagnosed as T2DM according to an oral glucose tolerance test. The age was (52.80±13.13) years old. There were 337 males (69.77%). Based on the renal biopsy, the patients were classified as diabetic kidney disease (DKD, 22.15%, 107/483), DKD+non-diabetic kidney disease (NDKD)(6.63%, 32/483), and NDKD (71.22%, 344/483). Membranous nephropathy was the most common pathology in patients with NDKD (40.41%, 139/344) and DKD+NDKD (34.38%, 11/32). In the 136 newly diagnosed T2DM patients, there were 3 patients (2.21%) with DKD, 2 patients (1.47%) with DKD+NDKD, and 131 patients with NDKD (96.32%). The proportions of DKD in patients with diabetes history ≤3 months, 3-12 months, 1-5 years, 5-10 years and ≥10 years were 10.53% (6/57), 25.00% (16/64), 26.53% (26/98), 41.56% (32/77) and 47.06% (24/51), respectively. The proportions of DKD+NDKD in patients with diabetes history ≤3 months, 3-12 months, 1-5 years, 5-10 years and ≥10 years were 3.51% (2/57), 3.13% (2/64), 10.20% (10/98), 9.09% (7/77) and 17.65% (9/51), respectively. Multivariate logistic regression analysis results showed that, the duration of diabetes history ( OR=1.130, 95% CI 1.057-1.208, P<0.001), diabetes retinopathy ( OR=12.185, 95% CI 5.331-27.849, P<0.001), urinary red blood cell count ( OR=0.987, 95% CI 0.974-0.999, P=0.039), glycosylated hemoglobin ( OR=1.482, 95% CI 1.119-1.961, P=0.006) as well as hemoglobin ( OR=0.973, 95% CI 0.957-0.990, P=0.001) were independently correlated with DKD. The proportions of DKD and DKD+NDKD increase with the prolongation of diabetes history. Membranous nephropathy is the most common pathology in NDKD and DKD+NDKD patients. Even in patients newly diagnosed with T2DM, it is necessary to screen for DKD. The duration of diabetes history, diabetes retinopathy, urinary red blood cell count, glycosylated hemoglobin and hemoglobin may be used to identify DKD from NDKD.

3.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 81-86, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994636

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the efficacy and safety of low-dose rabbit anti-human thymocyte globulin (rATG) for induction therapy of kidney transplantation (KT) in children.Methods:From October 2018 to May 2021, clinical data were reviewed retrospectively for 77 pediatric KT recipients on a low-dose rATG induction protocol.Recipient/graft survival rate, renal function recovery, acute rejection (AR) and adverse reactions were observed at 1 year post-operation.The postoperative changes of renal function were examined by Friedman’s test; According to the preoperative baseline data, Pearson’s Chi-square or Fisher's exact test was utilized for examining the influencing factors of postoperative AR.Results:A total of 16(20.78%) recipients had AR within the first 6 months post-operation.The incidence of delayed graft function (DGF) was 14.29%(11/77); The incidence of severe infection post-transplantation 18.18%(14/77), the infection rate of BK virus 25.97%(20/77) and the incidence of neutropenia 32.47%(25/77).The recipient/graft survival rate at 1 year post-operation was 97.40%(75/77) and 94.81%(73/77) respectively.Chi-square test indicated that the incidence of postoperative infection in children with body weight ≤30 kg and height ≤138 cm was 28.95%(11/38) and 27.50%(11/40) respectively, Both were higher than 7.69%(3/39) and 8.11%(3/37) of children with body weight >30 kg and height>138 cm.The difference between groups was statistically significant ( P=0.016 and 0.028). Conclusions:Low-dose rATG is generally excellent in preventing AR in pediatric KT recipients.And the risk of related AR may be lower.The infection rate of recipients with decent preoperative development is low.

4.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 68-73, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990969

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the correlation between serum gastrin, C-reactive protein (CRP), tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) and the degree of peptic ulcer bleeding.Methods:The clinical data of 90 peptic ulcer bleeding patients (test group) from April 2019 to September 2020 in Hangzhou Hospital of Zhejiang Medical and Health Group were retrospectively analyzed, including 15 cases with low-risk, 40 cases with intermediate-risk and 35 cases with high-risk of Blatchford score; 40 physical examination volunteers were selected as the control group during the same period. The serum levels of CRP and TNF-α were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and the serum level of gastrin was measured by radioimmunoassay. The correlation between CRP, TNF-α, gastrin and the Blatchford score was analyzed by Pearson method; the independent risk factors affecting high-risk peptic ulcer bleeding were analyzed by multivariate Logistic regression; the value of CRP, TNF-α and gastrin in predicting high-risk peptic ulcer bleeding was analyzed by the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve.Results:The CRP, TNF-α and gastrin in test group were significantly higher than those in control group: (19.69 ± 3.41) mg/L vs. (2.28 ± 0.64) mg/L, (26.63 ± 4.24) ng/L vs. (1.35 ± 0.31) ng/L and (149.77 ± 21.41) μg/L vs. (72.65 ± 12.39) μg/L, and there were statistical differences ( P<0.01). The hemoglobin and platelets in intermediate-risk and high-risk patients were significantly lower than those in low-risk patients: (59.21 ± 4.63) and (28.94 ± 4.69) g/L vs. (89.68 ± 5.12) g/L, (162.14 ± 12.47) and (122.05 ± 10.39) × 10 9/L vs. (213.58 ± 16.98) × 10 9/L, the indexes in high-risk patients were significantly lower than those in intermediate-risk patients, and there were statistical differences ( P<0.05); the prothrombin time, CRP, TNF-α and gastrin in intermediate-risk and high-risk patients were significantly higher than those in low-risk patients: (13.98 ± 1.29) and (16.97 ± 1.15) s vs. (11.00 ± 2.07) s, (18.87 ± 4.68) and (22.69 ± 2.96) mg/L vs. (15.45 ± 5.54) mg/L, (27.43 ± 5.05) and (31.02 ± 4.56) ng/L vs. (21.39 ± 8.54) ng/L, (140.89 ± 22.36) and (160.58 ± 25.52) μg/L vs. (121.39 ± 15.17) μg/L, the indexes in high-risk patients were significantly higher than those in intermediate-risk patients, and there were statistical differences ( P<0.05). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis result showed that hemoglobin, platelets, CRP, TNF-α and gastrin were independent risk factors for high-risk peptic ulcer bleeding ( OR = 0.224, 0.321, 3.687, 3.058 and 4.051; 95% CI 0.004 to 0.894, 0.121 to 8.547, 1.912 to 5.525, 3.012 to 10.609 and 2.012 to 7.525; P<0.05 or <0.01). Pearson correlation analysis result showed that CRP, TNF-α and gastrin were positive correlation with the Blatchford score ( r = 0.501, 0.526 and 0.542; P<0.01). ROC curve analysis result showed that the areas under the curve of CRP, TNF-α and gastrin for predicting high-risk peptic ulcer bleeding was 0.890, 0.825 and 0.901, with optimal cut-off values of 17.95 mg/L, 22.16 ng/L and 135.36 μg/L, sensitivity of 97.14%, 94.29% and 82.86%, and specificity of 80.00%, 66.67% and 86.67%. Conclusions:CRP, TNF-α and gastrin are correlated to the degree of peptic ulcer bleeding, and can be used as indexes to evaluate the bleeding degree of peptic ulcer.

5.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 230-234, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934236

ABSTRACT

Objective:To identify the risk factors for and outcomes of preoperative hepatic dysfunction (HD) in patients who underwent surgery for the treatment of acute DeBakey type I aortic dissection (ADIAD).Methods:A retrospective study including 810 consecutive patients between January 2014 and December 2019 in Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital was performed with emergency surgical repair. All patients were divided into non-HD and HD groups according to the Model of End-Stage Liver Disease (MELD) score before surgery and their clinical parameters and clinical outcomes were collected and compared. To determine independent predictors of preoperative HD, multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed using variables with P<0.5 in the univariate analyses. Kaplan-Meier survival analyses were conducted to analyze the association between preoperative HD and postoperative long-term survival. Results:The mean age of the patients was (52.4±12.5) years. 215 patients (26.5%) were identified as the preoperative HD group. In univariate analysis, significant difference was found with respect to the postoperative complications (98.6% vs. 94.5%, P=0.011) and 30-day mortality (20.0% vs. 8.4%, P<0.001) between the two groups. Multivariate logistic analysis showed that elevated serum troponin T levels upon admission( OR=1.921, P<0.001) and preoperative cardiac tamponade ( OR=2.158, P=0.002) were independent risk factors for preoperative HD. The long-term mortality rate was not significantly affected by preoperative HD. Conclusion:Early HD before surgery was commonly observed in patients with ADIAD and was associated with increased postoperative complications and 30-Day mortality. Elevated serum troponin T levels upon admission and preoperative cardiac tamponade were identified as risk factors for preoperative HD.

6.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 20-24, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933659

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical efficacy of vascular interventional therapy in children with transplantation renal artery stenosis(TRAS).Methods:From January 2013 to September 2021, retrospective analysis was performed for clinical data of 238 TRAS children.Peak systolic velocity(PSV)of transplant renal artery, interlobular artery PSV, transplant renal artery PSV/ interlobular artery PSV(post PSV ratio)and serum creatinine level before and after vascular interventional therapy and at the last follow-up were compared.Results:Six pediatric kidney transplantation recipients were diagnosed as TRAS.The median operative age was 12(9-17)years, the median postoperative time to diagnosing TRAS 4(1.7-18.0)months and the median follow-up period 6.6(2.5-8.0)years.All of them received vascular interventional therapy of percutaneous transluminal angioplasty(PTA, n=5)and stent angioplasty( n=1). The serum creatinine pre-treatment with vascular interventional therapy was significantly higher than baseline serum creatinine level at discharge(200.8±88.5)vs(75.2±27.9)μmol/L, P=0.025 and decreased to(103.8±44.7)μmol/L at Month 1 post-treatment( P=0.196)and(98.7±30.2)μmol/L at the last follow-up( P=0.115). Comparing with internal diameter of grafted renal artery anastomosis site(2.6±0.6 mm)pre-treatment with vascular interventional therapy, significant changes occurred at 24 h post-treatment(3.8±0.5 mm)and at the last follow-up(4.1±0.8 mm)(all P=0.027). In addition, PSV and post PSV ratio of transplanted renal artery at 24 h post-treatment(163±45.0 cm/s, 6.5±2.2)and at the last follow-up(184.7±80.8 cm/s, 5.4±2.0)were significantly lower than that before vascular interventional therapy(356.5±77.9 cm/s, 18.0±5.8)and interlobular artery PSV was significantly higher than that before vascular interventional therapy( P=0.024, P=0.032, respectively). During follow-ups, no restenosis or thrombosis occurred in transplanted renal arteries. Conclusions:PTA or stent angioplasty for TRAS children is technically feasible with low restenosis rate and relatively satisfactory mid/long-term outcomes.

7.
Cancer Research on Prevention and Treatment ; (12): 649-654, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986562

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of circular RNA hsa_circ_0001922 on the proliferation, migration and invasion of prostate cancer cell PC-3 and its underlying molecular mechanism. Methods qRT-PCR and RNA FISH were used to detect the expression level and localization of hsa_circ_0001922 in PC-3 cells respectively. After hsa_circ_0001922 was targeted inhibited, clone formation, Transwell assay and scratch assay were used to detect the proliferation, migration and invasion abilities of PC-3 cells. qRT-PCR and Western blot were used to detect the expression levels of EMT pathway-related molecules after inhibiting hsa_circ_0001922. Results The expression of circular RNA hsa_circ_0001922 was increased in PC-3 cells (P < 0.01) and it existed in the cytoplasm and nucleus. The invasion, migration and invasion abilities were significantly weakened (P < 0.05) after inhibiting hsa_circ_0001922; the expression of E-cadherin mRNA increased (P < 0.05) while the mRNA level of Vimentin decreased (P < 0.05). The results of Western blot were consistent with the above (both P < 0.05). Conclusion The circular RNA hsa_circ_0001922 may promote the proliferation, migration and invasion of PC-3 cells through the EMT pathway.

8.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 345-352, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932410

ABSTRACT

Objective:To prepare a phase-change lipid nanoparticle modified by tumor homing membrane-penetrating peptide (tLyP-1) and carrying paclitaxel (PTX) engineered by metal polyphenol network (TA-Fe 3+ ), and evaluate the therapeutic effects of tumor targeting, ultrasound/photoacoustic imaging and photothermal combined chemotherapy in vitro. Methods:Phase-change lipid nanoparticles (t-P@TFP) with TA-Fe 3+ engineered PTX mediated by tLyP-1 were prepared by solvent replacement method, thin film hydration method and double emulsification method. Its detection and characterization, in vitro targeting ability, photothermal conversion ability, in vitro photoacoustic and ultrasonic imaging ability, CCK-8 method, cell live and death double staining method and flow cytometry method were used to detect the safety of nanoparticles and the killing effects of different nanoparticles on 4T1 cells. Results:t-P@TFP nanoparticles were successfully prepared. Transmission electron microscopy showed that the nanoparticles were spherical with uniform shape and size, with a particle size of (209.8±1.56)nm and a potential of (-25.9±1.36)mV. Laser confocal scanning microscopy showed that t-P@TFP nanoparticles could gather around 4T1 cells in a targeted manner. It had an efficient photothermal conversion effect, and nanoparticles could quickly become microbubbles after being irradiated by near-infrared laser, which enhanced the in vitro ultrasonic imaging effect; The photoacoustic signal of nanoparticles increased with the increase of concentration. CCK-8 method, double staining of living and dead cells and flow cytometry showed that t-P@TFP combined photothermal chemotherapy had the best anti-tumor effect. Conclusions:t-P@TFP nanoparticles are successfully prepared. The nanoparticles have good targeting ability for photoacoustic and ultrasonic imaging and have good photothermal effect, killing breast cancer cells, which is expected to realize the integration of diagnosis and treatment.

9.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 717-722, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933649

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the time-zero biopsy of donor kidney with acute kidney injury(AKI)in organ donation donors and examine the clinical effect after transplantation.Methods:From May 2019 to May 2020, clinical data were retrospectively reviewed for 104 donors assessed by time-zero biopsy at First Affiliated Hospital, Zhengzhou University.According to the definition of AKI and Banff2016 criteria, the kidneys of 104 donors were grouped and evaluated for transplantation.And the post-transplantation effects of donor kidneys with different degrees of pathological changes were analyzed.Results:AKI occurred in 32/104 donors.Compared with non-AKI donors, statistically significant differences existed in degrees of renal interstitial fibrosis and acute renal tubular injury ( P<0.05). However, there were no significant differences in other pathological manifestations ( P>0.05). In AKI group, kidneys of 2 donors with Banff score>3 were abandoned; in non-AKI group, among 12 donors with Banff score>3, 1 donor kidney was abandoned due to a high degree of chronic diseases.No significant inter-group difference existed in creatinine value or estimated glomerular filtration rate(eGFR)( P>0.05). AKI group had a higher incidence of postoperative delayed graft function(DGF)and longer duration.There was no statistical significance in other complications ( P>0.05). Conclusions:AKI donor kidneys with pathological manifestations below moderate renal tubular injury and Banff score<3 are feasible for transplantation.Although renal function recovery is slow after transplantation, safe outcomes may be obtained.

10.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 1614-1617, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908025

ABSTRACT

Objective:To retrospectively analyze clinical data of infant donors with body weight ≤15 kg into children recipients, and to investigate the efficacy and complications under the strategy of pediatric donor to pediatric recipient (PTP) of pediatric kidney transplantation allocation.Methods:Clinical data of kidney transplantation for children with infant donors performed in the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from August 2010 to December 2019 were collected.Clinical data of donors and recipients, postoperative adverse events, postoperative renal recovery, and human and renal survival were analyzed.Results:A total of 50 infant donors and 93 pediatric recipients were enrolled in this study.Recipients included 89 patients with single kidney transplantation (SKT) and 4 with en-bloc kidney transplantation (EBKT). The major perioperative complications were delayed graft function (DGF) (5 cases, 5.4%) and vascular thrombosis (VT) (3 cases, 3.2%), followed by recurrence of primary nephropathy (3 cases, 3.2%), respiratory tract infection (3 cases, 3.2%), and acute rejection (AR) (2 cases, 2.2%). During the follow-up period, the main cause of death was respiratory tract infection (4 cases, 4.3%). Except for the cause of death, the main causes of graft loss were rejection (2 cases, 2.2%) and recurrence of primary kidney disease (2 cases, 2.2%). Serum creatinine decreased progressively from (824.77±150.24) μmol/L preoperatively to (90.73±47.24) μmol/L 1 month postoperatively.In SKT group, the median follow-up time was 31 months (3-74 months), and the survival rates of recipients and transplanted kidneys at 1, 3 and 5 years postoperatively were 97.5%/94.2%, 96%/88.8% and 93.1%/86.1%, respectively.In EBKT group, the median follow-up time was 50 months (13-65 months), and the survival rates of recipients and transplanted kidneys at 1, 3 and 5 years postoperatively were all 100.0%.During the fo-llow-up period, there was no significant difference in the human/kidney survival rate between groups (all P>0.05), and well acceptable transplantation outcomes were obtained. Conclusions:Single/double kidney transplantation for children and adolescent recipients from infant donors in the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University has achieved acceptable outcomes.Adopted by the PTP strategy, the incidence of complications after kidney transplantation does not increase, indicating its safety and reliability.

11.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 496-501, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912313

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the clinical effect of the pulmonary rehabilitation system based on the concept of prehabilitation for patients after cardiac surgery to wean tube and avoid related complications.Methods:From January 2018 to December 2019 in a single-center(third-class hospital in cardiac surgery intensive care unit), all adult patients hospitalized for 7 days before open-heart surgery were included. They were randomly divided into pulmonary rehabilitation group(198 cases) and control group(234 cases). To compare and analyze the clinical effects, the main observations were observed including overall outcome indicators(such as early extubation rate, ICU stay, hospitalization costs, advanced oxygen therapy support after extubation) and lung outcome related indicators(such as the occurrence of pulmonary complications, chest drainage, secondary intubation, tracheotomy, lung infection and chest tube drainage).Results:There was no statistical difference between groups in basic conditions and surgical conditions. The lung rehabilitation group significantly increased the rate of early extubation, reduced the number of advanced oxygen therapy after weaning, shortened the length of ICU stay, saved hospitalization cost, significantly reduced the occurrence of postoperative respiratory complications and improved postoperative respiratory function( P<0.05). Conclusion:During cardiac perioperation, pulmonary rehabilitation significantly can increase the rate of early extubation , shorten the length of mechanical ventilation, reduce the occurrence of secondary tracheal intubation and pulmonary complications. And it can also effectively promote the recovery of lung function and the overall recovery.

12.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 610-614, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911692

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore whether hypoxia-inducible factor prolyl hydroxylase inhibitor (HIF-PHI) preconditioning can relieve inflammation, reduce cell apoptosis and alleviate renal ischemia-reperfusion injury in mice.Methods:Male C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into three groups of sham operation (sham), ischemia reperfusion injury (IRI) and IRI+ HIF-PHI ( n=6 each). In IRI+ HIF-PHI group, mice received an intragastric dose of roxadustat (20 mg/kg) every other day one week before. After renal IRI modeling, serum creatinine (SCr) level was monitored and hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining employed for observing the pathological changes of renal tissue and scoring injury degree. Apoptosis of renal tubular epithelial cells was assessed by terminal-deoxynucleoitidyl transferase mediated nick end labeling (TUNEL). Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was utilized for detecting the mRNA expressions of HIF-1α, TNF-α and IL-1β in renal tissues. Immunofluorescence and immunohistochemistry were employed for detecting the expressions of hypoxia-inducing factor 1α (HIF-1α), inflammatory cytokines tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) and interleukin 1β (IL-1β). Results:As compared with IRI group, SCr level declined markedly in IRI+ HIF-PHI group ( P<0.01), renal tissue injury improved markedly, semi-quantitative score of renal tubule injury dropped ( P<0.01), apoptotic cells decreased ( P<0.01) and the expression levels of TNF-α and IL-1β declined ( P<0.05). Compared with sham group, the mRNA expression of HIF-1α was not significantly elevated in IRI group ( P>0.05). Immunofluorescence showed that the expression of HIF-1α in medulla of renal tissues was up-regulated in IRI group, but not markedly in cortex. While the mRNA expression of HIF-1α was markedly up-regulated after a pretreatment of HIF-PHI ( P<0.05), the expression spiked markedly in renal cortex, but was weaker in medulla than that in IRI group. Conclusions:HIF-PHI can boost the expression level of HIF-1α, reduce the expression of inflammatory factors, relieve the inflammatory response, reduce cell apoptosis, improve renal function and alleviate renal ischemia reperfusion injury.

13.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 265-268, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911649

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of unilateral pediatric kidney donation for adult kidney transplantation.Methods:Retrospective analysis was conducted on the cases of children who donated unilateral donor kidney for adult kidney transplantation recipients in our hospital, and those who were followed up for more than three years were included in this study. The body weight of the recipients in group A was ≤50 kg, and the body weight of the recipients in group B was ≤70 kg.The recipients were divided into 0-5 year old donor group (group A) and 6-17 year old donor group (B group). Clinical data, recipient/kidney survival, graft function and growth, and complications of the recipient were analyzed.Results:A total of 45 adult recipients were enrolled, including 12 in group A and 33 in group B. The renal survival rate at 3 years after operation was (100%, 96.9%)/(91.6%, 93.9%). One week after the operation, the early postoperative recovery of renal function in group B was better than that in group A, and the difference of serum creatinine was statistically significant ( P<0.05), while the difference of serum creatinine in other postoperative follow-up time points was not statistically significant ( P>0.05). Within a year, both groups of grafts continued to grow, reaching adult levels in one year. There was no statistical significance in the incidence of complications between the two groups ( P>0.05). The incidence of protein in the two groups was 33.3% and 6.1%, respectively, 1 case in each group still had proteinuria at 1 year after surgery, and only 1 case in the infant donor kidney recipient in group A had proteinuria at 3 years after surgery. Conclusions:Unilateral donor kidney transplantation from children can provide good results for adult patients with uremia by selecting suitable donors according to the weight of the recipient.

14.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 216-219, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885816

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize acute type A aortic dissection(ATAAD) is relatively uncommon in dialysis patients, and repair outcomes are not fully understood.Methods:Between January 2014 and March 2020, 20 patients with ATAAD required dialysis for preoperative end-stage renal disease(ESRD) were treated by our group. There were 11 male and 9 female patients at mean age of(47.8±11.3) years. The mean duration of dialysis therapy in the total 20 patients before the onset of ATAAD was(4.5±3.9 )years, with 90%(18 cases) of these patients undergoing hemodialysis(rather than peritoneal dialysis). 17 patients were treated emergency surgically, surgical operation were performed under deep hypothermic circulatory arrest and perfused the cerebral selective cerebral perfusion, 5 cases with ascending aorta + arch fenestrated stent, 5 cases with ascending aorta+ hemi-arch replacement(2 cases with stent elephant trunk), 4 cases with ascending aorta+ arch replacement+ stent elephant trunk(1 case with coronary artery bypass grafting for left anterior descending coronary artery), 2 cases with aortic valvuloplasty + ascending aorta+ hemi-arch replacement, 1 case with Bentall+ arch fenestrated stent.Results:2 patients were died from aortic ruptured before operation, 1 patient treated medically was alive three months after admission. Cross-clamp, cardiopulmonary bypass, and circulatory arrest times of all the surgical patients were(233.8±84.4) min, (155.5±63.6)min and(28.2±10.8)min, respectively. The following complications occurred postoperative: 3 cases died in the hospital, 1 case of tracheotomy, 2 cases of cerebral infarction, 1 case of cerebral hemorrhage, 1 case of transient paraplegia, and 1 case of surgical site infection. After a mean follow-up of(11.6±14.5) months(rang, 3-61 months). the overall survival rate at 1 year and 5 years was 53% and 27% respectively.Conclusion:Dialysis patients with ATAAD should be operated on urgently and medical treatment carries high risks of aortic rupture, although in-hospital mortality is acceptable, long-term mortality is poor.

15.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 370-374, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885024

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the efficacy of single kidney transplantation for children from pediatric donors between body weight ≤15 kg and >15 kg.Methods:A retrospective review in 156 children with single donor kidney transplantation from August 2010 to December 2019 in the Kidney Transplantation Department of the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University was conducted. The patients were classified into the small kidney group (pediatric donor body weight ≤15 kg) and the big kidney group (pediatric donor body weight >15 kg). In this study, 89 cases were concluded in the small kidney group and 67 cases were concluded in the big kidney group. The donor kidneys were obtained from 46 cases of small weight (≤15 kg) pediatric donors and 48 cases of large weight (>15 kg) pediatric donors. There were significant differences in age [1.00 (0.02 - 4.00) years vs. 10.00 (3.00-18.00) years], body weight [10.0 (3.4 - 15.0) kg vs. 35.0 (16.2- 35.0) kg], height [76 (50- 113) cm vs. 144 (67-172) cm], GFR [(31.50±7.46)ml/min vs. (36.79±7.00) ml/min], and renal length to diameter [(5.91±0.48) cm vs. (8.71±1.88) cm] between the small kidney group and the big kidney group ( P < 0.01). There was no significant difference between the two groups of donors in gender, cold/warm ischemia time and cause of death ( P>0.05). There were significant differences in age [(11.28±3.89) years vs. (13.86±3.56) years], body weight [(31.83±10.45)kg vs. (35.13±9.15) kg], and height [(130.02±28.56) cm vs. (143.97±16.59) cm] between recipients of the small kidney group and big kidney group ( P < 0.05). While there were no significant differences in preoperative serum creatinine level [(822.65 ± 135.04) μmol/L vs. (777.31 ± 165.40) μmol/L], HLA mismatch [(3.4 ± 1.4) site vs. (3.2±1.3) site], and primary disease between the two groups ( P > 0.05). The recovery of renal function, postoperative adverse events, postoperative children, and graft survival were compared between the two groups. Results:The renal function of the two groups of recipients returned to normal 3 months after operation. The perioperative complications in the small kidney group and the big kidney group mainly included renal delayed recovery [5.6% (5/89) vs. 7.5% (5/67), P=0.89], renal vascular embolization [3.4% (3/89) vs. 0, P=0.35], and acute rejection [2.2% (2/89) vs. 4.3% (3/67) , P=0.75]. The main cause of recipient death during the follow-up period was pulmonary infection [4.5% (4/89) vs. 6.0% (4/67) , P=0.68]. The postoperative small kidney group was followed up for an average of 30 (3-74) months. The survival rates of children in the small kidney group at the 1, 3 and 5 years after surgery were 96.6% (86/89), 91.0% (81/89) and 91.0%(81/89), while the transplanted renal survival rates were 92.1% (82/89), 86.5% (77/89) and 84.2% (75/89), respectively. The postoperative big kidney group was followed up for an average of 32 (4-89 ) months. The survival rates of children in the big kidney group were 95.5% (64/67), 94.0% (63/67) and 91.0%(61/67) in the first 1, 3 and 5 years postoperatively, while the graft survival rates were 92.5% (62/67), 83.6% (56/67) and 83.6% (56/67), respectively. The postoperative kidneys of two groups were fast-growing, and there was no significant difference between the small kidney group and the big kidney group in graft length to diameter [(9.63±0.31) cm vs. (9.75±0.71) cm] after 1 year ( P>0.05). Conclusions:The effect of single pediatric kidney transplantation for pediatric donor with body weight ≤15 kg is equivalent to that for pediatric donor with body weight >15 kg , which can be carried out clinically.

16.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 471-478, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883259

ABSTRACT

In recent years, many researchs have found that microRNA (miRNAs) has differential expression in pancreatic tissues, pancreatic cancer cells and drug-resistant pancreatic cancer cells, and miRNAs can change the sensitivity of pancreatic cancer cells to chemotherapy drugs by acting on downstream target genes.The molecular mechanism of drug resistance in tumors is complex. In the drug-resistance of pancreatic cancer, miRNAs can mediate drug resistance in pancreatic cancer cells by affecting epithelial-mesenchymal transformation, DNA damage and repair, downstream signaling pathways, non-coding RNA, related coding genes, pancreatic cancer stem cells and other mechanisms. Therefore, the investigation of drug resistance mechanism and related miRNAs in pancreatic cancer will help to find new anti-drug resistance treatment methods. The authors summarize exosome miRNAs invloved in regulating chemoresistance in pancreatic cancer, in order to provide theoretical support for clinical treatment and find new targeted therapy of pancreatic cancer.

17.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 246-249, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880460

ABSTRACT

In neurosurgery, skull repair caused by surgical approach is one of the important research contents. In this paper, a rapid reconstruction method of the skull defect with optical navigation system is proposed. This method can automatically reconstruct the structure of skull defect with the intraoperative defect edge points and preoperative medical image data. The head model experiment was used to evaluate the effect of the method, the average error of the reconstruction of the defect in the right orbit was 0.424 mm, while the average error of the reconstruction of the defect in the posterior skull base was 0.377 mm. The experimental results show that the structure of the defect is consistent with the actual defect, and the reconstruction accuracy satisfies the clinical requirements in neurosurgery.


Subject(s)
Craniotomy , Surgery, Computer-Assisted
18.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 564-570, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868049

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the right ventricular(RV) function by two-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography(2D-STE) in heart failure patients with different left ventricle diastolic dysfunction grade.Methods:Twenty-nine healthy volunteers(control group), sixteen heart failure patients with reduced ejection fraction(HFrEF group) and eighty-six heart failure patients with preserved ejection fraction(HFpEF group) were enrolled in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University from October 2018 to September 2019. HFpEF patients were further divided into four subgroups according to recommendations of the American Society of Echocardiography in 2016: normal left ventricular diastolic function group and left ventricular diastolic dysfunction groups with grade 1, 2, 3 (LVDD1, LVDD2, LVDD3). Conventional ultrasonic parameters were obtained in apical four-chamber images, including RV basal diameter(RVD1), RV middle diameter(RVD2) and RV longitudinal diameter(RVD3), RV end diastolic area(EDA), end systolic area(ESA) and fractional area change(FAC), peak systolic velocity(S′), myocardial performance index(MPI), tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion(TAPSE). 2D-STE was performed to observe strain parameters, including basal, middle, apical and the whole longitudinal peak systolic strain of RV free wall respectively (RVLSbas, RVLSmid, RVLSapi and RVLSfw). Then 2D strain parameters were compared among these groups, and the correlation between 2D strain parameters and conventional ultrasonic parameters were analyzed.Results:①TAPSE and S′ gradually decreased in normal group, HFpEF group and HFrEF group(all P<0.05). For the four subgroups of HFpEF, compared to LVDD3, TAPSE、S′ increased significantly in normal group, LVDD1 and LVDD2(all P<0.05). ②RVLSbas, RVLSmid, RVLSfw gradually increased in control group, HFpEF group and HFrEF group(all P<0.05). The same trend appeared in group LVDD1, LVDD2 and LVDD3(all P<0.05). ③In control group, HFpEF group and HFrEF group, RVLSfw showed strong correlation with LVEF( r=0.77, P<0.01) and middle correlation with age, TAPSE, and S′( r=0.41, -0.48, -0.40, P<0.01). In the subgroups of HFpEF, RVLSfw had middle correlation with LV diastolic function( r=0.59, P<0.01), and weak correlation with age( r=0.21, P<0.01), and the same correlations with B-type natriuretic peptide(BNP), FAC, TAPSE( r=0.28, -0.29, -0.29; all P<0.01). Conclusions:2D-STE can detect the early subtle impairment of RV systolic function in HFpEF patients.

19.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 77-82, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867977

ABSTRACT

Objective:To prepare a novel magnetic heating phasetransition nanoparticle contrast agent (PFH-HIONS), and to study its performance on enhancing photoacoustic imaging, magnetic resonance imaging and ultrasound imaging after phasetransition by magnetic-thermo in vitro. Methods:Firstly, the superparamagnetic nano hollow iron spheres (HIONS) were prepared by a one-pot solvothermal method, and then the phasetransition liquid perfluorocarbon (PFH) was loaded on the HIONS by vacuum adsorption to obtain PFH-HIONS. After characterization of the nanoparticles, photoacoustic imaging, magnetic resonance imaging and ultrasound imaging after phasetransition with magnetic-thermo were performed in vitro, and the results were analyzed by a software.Results:PFH-HIONS was successfully prepared with uniform particle size of (537.3±24.8)nm. PFH-HIONS could apparently enhance photoacoustic imaging and magnetic resonance imaging in vitro. In an alternating magnetic field, it could significantly increase the temperature, which promotes phasetransion of the PFH to produce microbubbles, thereby enhancing ultrasound imaging. Furthermore, as the concentration increased, the imaging intensity was enhanced, and the differences in imaging intensity between different concentration groups were statistically significant ( P<0.05). Conclusions:The PFH-HIONS can enhance the multimodal imaging including ultrasound, photoacoustic and magnetic resonance, and it also has obvious magnetic heating performance. It provides a new and efficient research platform for theranostics based on molecular imaging, therefore it has promising application prospects.

20.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 77-82, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799092

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To prepare a novel magnetic heating phasetransition nanoparticle contrast agent (PFH-HIONS), and to study its performance on enhancing photoacoustic imaging, magnetic resonance imaging and ultrasound imaging after phasetransition by magnetic-thermo in vitro.@*Methods@#Firstly, the superparamagnetic nano hollow iron spheres (HIONS) were prepared by a one-pot solvothermal method, and then the phasetransition liquid perfluorocarbon (PFH) was loaded on the HIONS by vacuum adsorption to obtain PFH-HIONS. After characterization of the nanoparticles, photoacoustic imaging, magnetic resonance imaging and ultrasound imaging after phasetransition with magnetic-thermo were performed in vitro, and the results were analyzed by a software.@*Results@#PFH-HIONS was successfully prepared with uniform particle size of (537.3±24.8)nm. PFH-HIONS could apparently enhance photoacoustic imaging and magnetic resonance imaging in vitro. In an alternating magnetic field, it could significantly increase the temperature, which promotes phasetransion of the PFH to produce microbubbles, thereby enhancing ultrasound imaging. Furthermore, as the concentration increased, the imaging intensity was enhanced, and the differences in imaging intensity between different concentration groups were statistically significant (P<0.05).@*Conclusions@#The PFH-HIONS can enhance the multimodal imaging including ultrasound, photoacoustic and magnetic resonance, and it also has obvious magnetic heating performance. It provides a new and efficient research platform for theranostics based on molecular imaging, therefore it has promising application prospects.

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