Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 10 de 10
Filter
Add filters








Year range
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-507617

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the difference in pain threshold between related acupoints and the specificity of acupoints in cholecystitis patients.Method Actual measurement was made in 80cases, a normal group of 30 cases (volunteers without psychological and physiological diseases) and a patient group of 50 cases (volunteers with cholecystitis). The probe of an algometer was perpendicularly placed on the selected acupoint, the pressure point was pushed and pressing was stopped immediately after the subject felt pain. The pain thresholds displayed by the measured acupoints were recorded. The pain thresholds of the selected acupoints were compared between the normal and patient groups and thedifferences were analyzed to explore the specificity of acupoints.Result A comparison of the pain thresholds of the Back-Shu points of the Bladder Meridian of Foot-Taiyang between the patient and normal groups showed that there were no significant differences in the thresholds of the left Back-Shu points Geshu (BL17), Ganshu (BL18), Danshu (BL19), Pishu (BL20), Weishu (BL21) and Dachangshu (BL25) of the bladder meridian between the two groups (P>0.05) and there were significant differences in the thresholds of the right Back-Shu points Geshu, Ganshu, Danshu, Pishu, Weishu and Dachangshu of the bladder meridian between the two groups (P0.05). The pain thresholdwas significantly lower in thepatient group than in the normal group. There were no significant differences in thethresholds of the left points Liangmen, Riyue, Qimen and Taichong of the Liver Meridian of Foot-Jueyin, the Gallbladder Meridian of Foot-Shaoyang and the stomach meridian between the patient and normal groups (P>0.05).Conclusion The pain sensitivity of ipsilaterali related acupoints increase and the relative specificity of acupoints exist in cholecystitis patients.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-323808

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare the pain thresholds of acupoints in the meridians related to irritable bowel syndrome(IBS) between IBS patients and healthy people.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Thirty-four healthy adults were collected into a normal group,and 60 patients with IBS were arranged into an IBS group. Pain thresholds were detected on the acupoints of large intestinal,small intestinal,stomach,spleen,gallbladder meridians and some commone use acupoints for IBS by pain measuring apparatus three times. Bilateral-well,-spring,-stream,-river,-sea,front-alarm,lower-sea,-primary,-connecting and back-transport points of each meridian were selected as the main acupoints. And pain thresholds of acupoints common used in clinic were compared between the two groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The thresholds of five-transport points and-connecting point of the large intestinal meridian in the IBS group were apparently lower than those in the normal group(all<0.05),with Hegu(LI 4),Tianshu(ST 25),Shangjuxu(ST 37) and Dachangshu(BL 25) more decreasing(all<0.01). The thresholds of five-transport points,front-alarm point and-primary point of the small intestinal meridian in the IBS group were obviously lower than those in the normal group(all<0.05),with Zhizheng(SI 7),Xiajuxu(ST 39) and Xiaochangshu(BL 27) more decreasing(all<0.01). The thresholds of Zusanli(ST 36),Weishu(BL 21),Yanglingquan(GB 34),Danshu(BL 19),Pishu(BL 20),Neiguan(PC 6),Taichong(LR 3),Taixi(KI 3),Sanyinjiao(SP 6) and Qihai(CV 6) in the IBS group were markedly lower than those in the normal group(all<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The pathological changes of IBS often appeared in the stomach,large intestinal,small intestinal,bladder meridians,and some acupoints in the liver,spleen and kidney meridians. When the functions of viscera are abnormal,the pain thresholds of related acupoints tend to decrease,and meridians and acupoints become sensitized from quiet state.</p>

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-432363

ABSTRACT

Objective The purpose of this article was to investigate the internal tunnel position during anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction with single-bundle ACL. Methods MRI were performed in 10 knees form 10 volunteers at full extension and at 30°, 60°, 90°, and 120° flexion position. All the images obtained were exported into Mimics 10.01. Three-dimensional models were established with Mimics in a computer. All the mark points were confirmed on femur and tibia. The distance between the femoral mark point and tibial mark point was measured. The isometric point was determined as the change in the distance was shorter than 3mm during knee flexion-extension. Results Ten three-dimensional models were established successfully and the isometric points of A0-X, A15-X, A30-X, A45-X, B0-Y, B15-Y, B30-Y, B45-Y, C0-Z, C15-Z, C30-Z, C45-Z, and C60-Z were identified. Conclusion There was no absolute anatomical isometric point, whereas the physiological isometric point did exist. Therefore, determination of tibial point should be considered synthetically. B45-Y was recommended for tunnel position.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-580614

ABSTRACT

L6.A longitudinal column of HRP-labeled motoneurons was found in the dorsolateral and mediolateral portions of the spinal cord,distributing in the lamina Ⅸ from the caudal L4 to the rostral L6.Additionally,the transganglionic HRP-labeled central projection axonal terminals were found to be dense in the central part of laminae Ⅰ-Ⅱ from L4 to the rostral L6,and to scatter in the central part of gracile nucleus.Conclusion HRP-labeled primary afferent and efferent innervating acupoint "Taixi"(KI 3) are DRGs of L4-L6,the dorsolateral and mediolateral motoneuron columns of L4-L6,and the centrally projecting axonal terminals of laminae Ⅰ-Ⅱ of the spinal cord and the gracile nucleus.

5.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 624-627, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-398551

ABSTRACT

Objective To determine whether rizatriptan has an effect on cortical spreading depression (CSD) and c-Fos expression within periaqueductal grey (PAG) induced by CSD in rats. Methods The experimental SD rats were randomly divided into group A injected with KCl, group B KCl plus rizatriptan and group C NaCL The number and amplitude of CSD were recorded after KCl or NaCl injection. C-Fos positive neurons of different layer were identified by the immunohistochemical technique 2 hours after the first injection of KCl or NaCl. Results There was no CSD in group C. The number of CSD in group A ( 10.70±3.23 ) was significantly more than that in group B (6.10±2.56, t = - 3.528, P < 0.01 ). The amplitude of CSD in group A ( 17.33 (95% CI 11.45--23.11 ) mV) was significantly greater than that in group B (11.82 (95%CI 9.24--14.70) mV, Z= -4.360, P< 0.01). There were more cFos-like immnoreactive neurons in every layer in group A than in group C (P < 0.01 ) and in group B (P < 0.05 ). Conclusion Rizatriptan has an inhibitory effect on CSD, which might induce the headache through exciting the neurons in PAG.

6.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 1133-1136, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-397760

ABSTRACT

Objective To access the ability of MRI for detecting the radial meniscal tears.Methods Arthroscopy of the knee was performed by a single orthopedic surgeon on 1085 patients. On the basis of the results of arthroscopy, 107(9.9%) knees had radial tears of menisci. Through interval sampling of the patients with meniscal tears but not radial tears, 100 patients were selected as a controlled group. All MR images were analyzed by two radiologists independently. Four radiological signs were used to detect radial tears: cleft and marching cleft sign, detached sign, ghost sign, and small meniscal sign. All the features of MRI were compared with the results of the arthroscopy. Results (1) The most frequent location of radial tears was the midbody of lateral meniscus (71/107, 66. 4%)followed by the boundary of anterior horn and midbody of the lateral meniscus (25/107, 23.4%). (2) One hundred and two of 107 patients were identified as radial tears on MRI. However, 11 of 100 patients with non-radial tears were misdiagnosed as radial tears by MRI. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value of MRI were 95.3% (102/107),89.0% (89/100),90.3% (102/113), and 94.7% (89/94),respectively. (3) The cleft sign (59/102, 57.8%) and detached sign (43/102, 42.2%) were the most frequent and important MRI signs. Conclusion The accuracy of MRI to identify the radial meniseal tears'is very high and MRI is the best imaging modality for patients suspected of radial meniscal tears.

7.
Chinese Journal of Neuroanatomy ; (6): 213-216, 2000.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-412376

ABSTRACT

The purpose of the present work is to observe whether Tau protein Ser202/Thr205 is hyperphosphorylated in braintissues of diabetic mice and to study the effect of App17 peptide. Mouse diabetic model was produced with streptozotocin, andApp1 7 peptide as a treatment was injected subcutaneously into diabetic mice. Four weeks later, fixative was injected intravascu-larly into the mice, the brain was removed and crystat sections prepared. Immunohistochemical staining was done with AT-8. Inthe brains of diabetic mice positive AT-8 reacting neurons were numerous, darkly stained, and widely distributed in retrosplenialgranular cortex, hippocampus, thalamus et al. , while in normal mice and App17 peptide-treated diabetic mice positive cells werescarce and poorly stained. Tau protein is hyperphosphorylated at Scr202/Thr205 site and widely distributed in the brains of dia-betic mice, while App17 peptide can normalize the expression of AT-8 positive cells.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-570071

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of a peptide,APP17,on regulating the expression of insulin receptor substrate\|1(IRS\|1) and insulin\|like growth factor (IGF\|1R) in neurons of the hippocampus from diabetic mouse. Methods Diabetic mouse models were established by injection of streptozotion.In experimental group,these models were injected with APP17 peptide subcutaneously and their brain sections were taken after 4 weeks of survival. The immunohistochemical stainning of these sections were then performed with IRS\|1 and IGF\|1R antibody.With regard to control groups,the mouse models were only injected saline and gone through the same procedure of immunohistochemistry together with normal mice. Results IRS\|1 and IGF\|1R positive neurons were widely distributed in the hippocampus of the diabetic mice,and the cytoplasm was darkly stained.In the contrast,positive cells in the hippocampus were lightly stained in those normal mice and the APP17 peptide\|treated diabetic mice. Conclusion The expression of IRS\|1 and IGF\|1R could increase in the hippocampus of dabetic mice.The APP17 can regulate the distribution of IRS\|1 and IGF\|1R in the brain of diabetic mice and return them to normal situation.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-554743

ABSTRACT

Nucleus raphe dorsalis (RD) plays an important role in acupuncture analgesia. We carried on further studies on the projections of RD from the forebrain and brain stem of the cat by using a horseradish peroxidase (HRP) retrograde axonal transport method.We have observed the labeled neurons in layer Ⅴ of the proreate gyrus, area prepyriformis, nucleus lateral habenular, and hypothalamic areas (preoptic, lateral, medial and posterior areas) when HRP was injected into the rostral part of the RD. The labeled neurons were giant pyriform in shape in prereate gyrus and area prepyriformis and various shapes in the lateral habenular and hypothalamic areas.We have also found the labeled neurons in the periaqueductal gray matter, locus coeruleus, lateral and medial parabrachial nuclei, other raphe nuclei (n. centralis superior, n. raphe magnus and n. linearis intermediate) and reticular formation of the brain stem when we injected HRP into the caudal part of the RD.This present results confirm that the fibers project to the RD directly from the forebrain cortex (proreate gyrus and area prepyriformis), latral habenular nucleus hypothalamic areas, periaqueductal gray matter, locus coeruleus and other raphe nuclei. We also have found that the afferent projections to the rostral part of the RD and the caudal part of the RD had different origins, that is, the rostral part receives fibers from the forebrain and the caudal part receives fibers not only from the forebrain, but also from the brain stem. The study provided a foundation for explaining acupuncture analgesia and physiological functions of RD.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-569723

ABSTRACT

Objective Through the observation on the distribution of hyperphosphorylated Tau,to investigate the connection between hyperphosphorylated Tau and learning, memory tasks. Furthermore, the treatment of App17 on brain tissues of diabetic mice. Methods Diabetic model mouse was produced in the use of streptozotion and App17 peptide as a curative was injected subcutaneously. Four weeks later, removed the brains. Immunohistochemical stainning was done with AT\|8, Tau\|1, again with Tau\|1 antibody after dephosphorylation. Results In the brains of diabetic mice positive AT\|8 reacting neurons were widely distribution in retrosplenial granular cortex, hippocampas, thalamus et al, the cytoplasm was darkly stained, while in normal mice and App17 peptide\|treated diabetic mice positive cells were localized in retrosplenial granular cortex, however, in hippocampas and RSG area, the cytoplasm were poorly stained. Conclusion Hyperphosphorylated Tau is widely expressed in brains of diabetic mice. App17 peptide can improve the hyperphosphorylated Tau in brains of diabetic mice, therefore, it may improve learning ability and memory.\;

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL