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1.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 562-566, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993231

ABSTRACT

Radiotherapy plays an important role in the treatment of advanced esophageal cancer. Under the premise of effective systemic treatment, selecting patients who may benefit from local radiotherapy can effectively relieve symptoms and improve quality of life, and it is expected to prolong the survival time of patients. Moreover, immunotherapy plays an increasingly significant role in advanced esophageal cancer, and the efficacy of radiotherapy combined with immunotherapy is promising.

2.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 360-365, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934373

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the laboratory detection methods and clinical characteristics of patients with 2019-nCoV Omicron variant infection, to realize the rapid identification and diagnosis of 2019-nCoV Omicron variants.Methods:Totally 80 overseas patients in First Hospital of Changsha from December 16 in 2021 to January 5 in 2022 were selected, the nucleic acids and mutant genes were detected by fluorescent PCR and genome sequencing, and the clinical characteristics of patients with 2019-nCoV Omicron variant infection were analyzed.Results:The specificity was 100% (58/58) and positive predictive value was 100% (21/21) respectively, the sensitivity was 95.5% (21/22), negative predictive value was 98.3% (58/59) by detected with fluorescent PCR. It was found that there were 45-50 nucleotide displacement sites in the genome and 25-30 amino acid mutation sites in S gene fragment by genome sequencing. Clinical analysis showed that mild cases were 59.1% (13/22) in layouts, without severe and critical cases. Ages were positively associated with the clinical classification (ρ=0.698, P<0.001), foundation infections were positively associated with the clinical classification (ρ=0.636, P<0.001). Conclusions:Patients with 2019-nCoV Omicron variant infection had a high viral load and long negative conversion time of nucleic acid. Ages and foundation infections were positively associated with the clinical classification. AST/ALT was higher in the early stage of the disease. Fluorescent PCR method can be used in rapid screening patients with 2019-nCoV Omicron variant infection.

3.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 438-441, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931639

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of endotracheal intubation anesthesia versus laryngeal mask anesthesia on the incidence of pulmonary infection in young children undergoing surgery. Methods:A total of 100 young children who underwent surgery under general anesthesia in Hangzhou Children's Hospital from January 2020 to December 2020 were included in this study. They were randomly allocated into the endotracheal intubation anesthesia and laryngeal mask anesthesia groups ( n = 50/group). The symptoms of respiratory tract infection (nasal congestion, cough, sputum ringing, rale, and sputum excretion) and the incidence of pulmonary infection evaluated 24 hours after surgery were compared between the two groups. At the same time, the pathogens of infection and perioperative conditions as well as prognosis were also compared between the two groups. Results:The incidences of nasal obstruction, cough, sputum ringing, rale, sputum excretion, and pulmonary infection were 56.0% (28/50), 42.0% (21/50), 14.0% (7/50), rale 38.0% (19/50), 16.0% (8/50), and 38.00 (19/50) respectively in the endotracheal intubation anesthesia group, which were significantly higher than those in the laryngeal mask anesthesia group [28.0% (14/50), 14.0% (28/50), 4.0% (8/50), 24.0% (12/50) 4.0% (2/50), 6.0%(3/50), χ2 = 12.18, 21.47, all P < 0.001]. A total of 34 strains of pathogens were detected in the two groups, including 4 strains in the laryngeal mask anesthesia group and 30 strains in the endotracheal intubation anesthesia group. The 34 strains of pathogens included 7 strains of gram-positive bacteria (20.6%), 23 strains of gram-negative bacteria (67.6%), and 4 strains of fungi (11.8%). There was no significant difference in pathogen composition between the two groups ( χ2 = 1.04, P = 0.310). The time to recovery and the time to extubation in the laryngeal mask anesthesia group were (10.3 ± 3.1) minutes and (13.5 ± 2.4) minutes, which were significantly shorter than those in the endotracheal intubation anesthesia group [(16.1 ± 5.1) minutes, (19.5 ± 4.1) minutes, t = 3.17, 7.19, both P < 0.05]. There were no significant differences in the proportion of children who needed prolonged hospitalization and the proportion of children scheduled to undergo readmission between the two groups (both P > 0.05). Conclusion:Laryngeal mask anesthesia is simpler to operate, remarkably decreases the incidence of pulmonary infection, and is safer compared with endotracheal intubation anesthesia. Therefore, laryngeal mask anesthesia is preferred for general anesthesia for surgery in young children. The study is of great innovation and science.

4.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 344-351, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928976

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#With the continuous generation of new variants of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), the pressure of epidemic prevention and control continues to increase in China. Omicron with stronger infectiousness, immune escape ability and repeated infection ability spread to many countries and regions around the world in a short period of time. China has also successively reported cases of imported Omicron infections. This study aims to understand the epidemiological characteristics of Omicron variant via analyzing the epidemiological characteristics of imported patients with Omicron in Hunan Province, and to provide reference for preventing and controlling the imported epidemics.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of imported patients with coronavirus disease 2019 admitted to Hunan Province from December 16 to December 31, 2021 were retrospectively collected. The epidemiological information, general information, clinical classification, clinical symptoms, vaccination status, and lung CT were analyzed. Nasopharyngeal swabs and blood samples were collected. Virus nucleic acid was detected by magnetic beads method using SARS-CoV-2 detection kit. Ct values of ORF1ab gene and N gene were compared between asymptomatic infected patients and confirmed patients. The specific IgM and IgG antibodies were detected by chemiluminescence assay using SARS-CoV-2 IgM test kit and SARS-CoV-2 IgG test kit, respectively. Ct values of IgM and IgG antibodies were compared between asymptomatic infected patients and confirmed patients.@*RESULTS@#Seventeen patients with Omicron variant infection were treated in Hunan, including 15 confirmed patients (5 common type and 10 mild type) and 2 asymptomatic infection patients. The 17 patients were all Chinese, they were generally young, and 16 were male. There were 9 patients with diseases. Of them 3 patients had respiratory diseases. All 17 patients had completed the whole process of vaccination, but only one person received a booster shot of SARS-CoV-2 vaccine. The clinical manifestations of the patients were mild, mainly including dry/painful/itchy throat, cough, and fatigue. The total protein and creatine in the asymptomatic infection and confirmed cases infected with Omicron variant were all within the normal range, but other biochemical indicators were abnormal. There were the significant differences in C-reactive protein and fibrinogen between asymptomatic infection and confirmed patients (both P<0.05). There were more patients with elevated C-reactive protein in confirmed patients than without confirmed ones. The detection rate of specific IgM and IgG antibodies on admission was 100%, and there was no significant difference in the specific antibody levels between asymptomatic infection and confirmed patients (P>0.05). There were no significant differences in Ct values of ORF1ab gene and N gene (21.35 and 18.39 vs 19.22 and 15.67) between the asymptomatic infection and the confirmed patients (both P>0.05). Only 3 patients had abnormal lung CT, showing a small amount of patchy and cord-like shadows. One of them had no abnormality on admission but had pulmonary lesions and migratory phenomenon after admission.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The patients with Omicron variant tend to be young people and have milder clinical symptoms, but the viral load is high and the infectiveness is strong. Therefore, the timely identification and effective isolation and control for asymptomatic infections and confirmed patients with mild symptoms are extremely important. In terms of epidemic prevention and control, the government still needs to strengthen the risk control of overseas input, adhere to normalized epidemic prevention and control measures, to effectively control the source of infection, cut off the route of transmission, and protect vulnerable people.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Asymptomatic Infections , C-Reactive Protein , COVID-19/virology , COVID-19 Vaccines , China/epidemiology , Immunoglobulin G , Immunoglobulin M , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2
5.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 1775-1780, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971364

ABSTRACT

We report a case of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patient who was cured by oral administration of nirmatrelvir/ritonavir (Paxlovid). The patient was treated with Paxlovid after being first infected with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) Omicron BA.5 variant. On the 11th day after SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid test turned negative, SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid test was positive again, and the threshold of nucleic acid cycle number was equivalent to that of the first infection. The results of two whole gene sequencing showed that it was the same virus strain infection, suggesting that the case was re-positive. Without specific treatment, SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid detection in nasopharyngeal swab turned negative. It is not uncommon for Paxlovid to recover after treating COVID-19, and most of the patients can recover without specific treatment. However, it is necessary to further study the mechanism that may lead to the recovery of SARS-CoV-2.


Subject(s)
Humans , COVID-19 , SARS-CoV-2/genetics , Administration, Oral , Nucleic Acids
6.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 892-897, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910488

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the efficacy and adverse events of salvage radiotherapy and other treatments for recurrent esophageal cancer after chemoradiotherapy in this Meta-analysis.Methods:Databases including PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, CNKI and Wanfang data were searched from the inception to April 2020 to collect the clinical trials which comparatively analyzed the efficacy and safety between radiotherapy and other treatments for recurrent esophageal cancer after chemoradiotherapy. Meta-analysis was performed using RevMan 5.1 software. RR and 95% CI were used to describe the differences among different groups. Results:According to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, a total of 11 clinical trials involving 842 patients were included. Meta-analysis showed that the overall survival in the salvage radiotherapy group was significantly lower than that in the salvage esophagectomy group ( RR=0.40, 95% CI: 0.27-0.61, P<0.001), whereas significantly higher than that in the chemotherapy group ( RR=2.91, 95% CI: 1.43-5.95, P=0.003). There was no significant difference in the treatment-related mortality between the salvage radiotherapy and salvage esophagectomy groups ( RR=0.53, 95% CI: 0.14-1.98, P=0.350), but the incidence was significantly higher in the salvage esophagectomy group (1.7%-11.4% vs. 1.9%-2.8%). Conclusion:Salvage radiotherapy is an effective treatment for recurrent esophageal cancer after chemoradiotherapy, which can be regarded as one choice for clinical patients.

7.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 560-564, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827385

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To analyze the clinical characteristics of fecal severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) nucleic acid-positive in patients with coronavirus dasease 2019 (COVID-19) and to provide a scientific basis for the prevention and control of this disease.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 16 patients with fecal SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid positive, who hospitalized in the North Branch of the First Hospital of Changsha (Changsha Public Health Rescue Center) from January to February 2020, were retrospectively analyzed. Their clinical manifestations, laboratory data and imaging data were summarized.@*RESULTS@#Among the 16 patients, there were 9 males (56.25%) and 7 females (43.75%), the ratio of males to females was 1∶1.29. The age of onset was (43.3±14.6) years. There were 15 patients with contact history of Wuhan, 1 patient with contact history of local patient.Twelve patients were common type (75%), and 4 patients were severe type (25%). Clinical symptoms included fever in 14 patients (87.5%), cough in 12 patients (75%), shortness of breath in 5 patients (31.25%), pharyngalgia in 10 patients (62.5%), fatigue in 7 patients (43.75%), and diarrhea in 4 patients (25%). There were 14 patients (87.5%) with normal or decreased white blood cell count, 11 patients (68.75%) with decreased lymphocyte count, 15 patients (93.75%) with increased erythrocyte sedimentation rate, 13 patients (81.25%) with increased hypersensitivity C-reactive protein, 5 patients (31.25%) with increased procalcitonin, and 8 patients (50%) with increased serum ferritin in peripheral blood, and stool routine was basically normal. Compared with the common type, there was significant difference in the white blood cell and lymphocyte counts in the severe type (0.05). Chest CT mainly showed patchy shadows and interstitial changes. According to imaging examination, 4 patients (25%) showed unilateral pneumonia and 12 patients (75%) showed bilateral pneumonia.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The patients have the clinical symptoms of COVID-19, but gastrointestinal symptoms (such as diarrhea) are more common, and the changes of white blood cell count, lymphocyte count, hypersensitivity C-reactive protein, ferritin are more obvious in severe patients.The positivity of fecal nucleic acid suggests the possibility of digestive tract transmission of SARS-CoV-2, and fecal nucleic acid testing can be used as a routine testing method in clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Betacoronavirus , C-Reactive Protein , China , Coronavirus Infections , Diagnosis , Diarrhea , Virology , Feces , Virology , Ferritins , Leukocyte Count , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Diagnosis , Retrospective Studies
8.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 941-947, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868724

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of definitive radiotherapy with different doses on overall survival (OS) and identify the prognostic factors of patients with non-metastatic esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC).Methods:Clinical data of 2 344 ESCC patients treated with definitive radiotherapy (RT) alone or chemoradiotherapy from 2002 to 2016 in 10 hospitals were collected and analyzed retrospectively. After the propensity score matching (PSM)(1 to 2 ratio), all patients were divided into the low-dose group (equivalent dose in 2 Gy fractions, EQD 2Gy<60 Gy; n=303) and high-dose group (EQD 2Gy≥60 Gy; n=606) based on the dose of radiation. Survival analysis was conducted by Kaplan- Meier method. Multivariate prognostic analysis was performed by Cox′s regression model. Results:The median follow-up time was 59.6 months. After the PSM, the 1-, 3- and 5-year overall survival (OS) rate was 66.5%, 34.7%, 27.2% in the low-dose group, 72.9%, 41.7% and 34.7% in the high-dose group, respectively ( P=0.018). The 1-, 3-and 5-year progression-free survival rate was 52.2%, 27.2%, 23.1% in the low-dose group, 58.3%, 38.1% and 33.9% in the high-dose group, respectively ( P=0.001). The outcomes of univariate analysis indicated that cervical/upper esophagus location, early (stage Ⅱ) AJCC clinical stage, node negative status, tumor length ≤5 cm, receiving intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT), receiving concurrent chemotherapy and EQD 2Gy≥60 Gy were closely associated with better OS (all P<0.05). Multivariable analysis demonstrated that tumor location, regional lymph node metastasis, concurrent chemotherapy and EQD 2Gy were the independent prognostic factors for OS (all P<0.05). Conclusion:Three-dimensional conformal or IMRT with EQD 2Gy≥60 Gy yields favorable survival outcomes for patients with locally advanced ESCC.

9.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 426-429, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866837

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the influence of Xuebijing injection on the inflammatory markers and prognosis of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients.Methods:Sixty severe COVID-19 patients admitted to Changsha Public Health Treatment Center (North Hospital of the First Hospital of Changsha City) from January to March in 2020 were randomly divided into routine treatment group, Xuebijing 50 mL group and Xuebijing 100 mL group, with 20 cases in each group. The routine treatment group was treated according to the National Health Commission's guide for COVID-19. On the basis of conventional treatment, Xuebijing injection was injected by 50 mL twice a day for 7 days in Xuebijing 50 mL group, while by 100 mL twice a day for 7 days in Xuebijing 100 mL group. The blood routine test, C-reactive protein (CRP), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), acute physiology and chronic health evaluationⅡ(APACHEⅡ) score, 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) nucleic acid test and disease classification of three groups before and 8 days after treatment were observed.Results:① After treatment, the white blood cell count (WBC) and lymphocyte count (LYM) of three groups increased, meanwhile CRP and ESR decreased. Compared with routine treatment group, the WBC count of Xuebijing 100 mL group after treatment significantly increased (×10 9/L: 7.12±0.55 vs. 5.67±0.51, P < 0.05), and the levels of CRP and ESR in Xuebijing 50 mL and 100 mL groups significantly decreased [CRP (mg/L): 32.3±4.6, 28.0±6.2 vs. 37.3±5.9; ESR (mm/1 h): 45.9±5.7, 40.5±7.4 vs. 55.3±6.6, all P < 0.05]. Compared with Xuebijing 50 mL group, the increase of WBC, and the decrease of CRP and ESR were more significant in Xuebijing 100 mL group [WBC (×10 9/L): 7.12±0.55 vs. 5.82±0.49, CRP (mg/L): 28.0±6.2 vs. 32.3±4.6, ESR (mm/1 h): 40.5±7.4 vs. 45.9±5.7, all P < 0.05]. ② After treatment, the APACHEⅡscore of three groups decreased. In Xuebijing 100 mL group, the APACHEⅡscore after treatment was significantly lower than those in routine treatment and Xuebijing 50 mL groups (12.3±1.5 vs. 16.5±1.6, 15.9±1.4, both P < 0.05). After treatment, the 2019-nCoV nucleic acid test in three groups partly turned negative, with 9 cases in routine treatment group, 8 cases in Xuebijing 50 mL group and 9 cases in Xuebijing 100 mL group, without significant difference ( P > 0.05). The conditions of patients in the three groups were improved after treatment, among them, 8 cases in the routine treatment group were transformed into common type, 1 case into critical type; 9 cases and 12 cases of Xuebijing 50 mL group and 100 mL group were transformed into common type respectively. Xuebijing 100 mL group was improved more obviously than Xuebijing 50 mL group and routine treatment group (both P < 0.05). Conclusion:The Xuebijing injection can effectively improve the inflammatory markers and prognosis of severe COVID-19 patients.

10.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 856-859, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864111

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the curative effect of Doppler ultrasound-guided management of vascular injury of Gartland type Ⅲ supracondylar fractures of humerus in children.Methods:A prospective study on 18 children with vascular complications of pulseless Gartland type Ⅲ supracondylar humeral fracture who were admitted at Department of Pediatric Orthopedic Surgery, Wuhan Children′s Hospital from March 2017 to March 2018 was conducted.Among these children, 12 were male and 6 were female, with the age of 2.1-8.6 years (mean 4.4 years old), and 10 cases were injured on the left and 8 cases on the right.All patients were satisfied with closed reduction and internal fixation within 24 hours after injury.Before the operation, Doppler ultrasound was performed to determine the shape of brachial artery and it relationship with fracture.During reduction, Doppler ultrasound was used to assess brachial pulse and blood perfusion.Then, the brachial artery was assessed by palpable radial pulse and peripheral blood supply, and elbow joint function was evaluated with Mayo Elbow Performance Score and Flynn criteria.Results:Eighteen patients were followed up for 6 to 12 months (average 9 months) after operation.Before reduction, radial pulse disappeared and peripheral blood supply was good in 18 cases.Preoperative Doppler ultrasonography showed that the brachial artery was located in front of the proximal humerus fracture fragment.A proximal stream of the brachial artery was identified, but the distal blood vessels were compressed by the fragment.A stream of radial artery was identified in 5 patients with Doppler, and no stream was identified in 13 patients.After reduction, the peripheral blood supply of all the affected limbs was good, among which the peripheral blood supply, 1 case returned to normal after 5 minutes waiting.Specifically the palpable radial pulse was immediately restored in 14 patients.The palpable radial pulse did not restore but the peripheral blood supply was good in 4 cases.Intraoperative ultrasonography showed that brachial artery blood flow was good, and palpable radial pulse was restored between 3 to 5 weeks later.In patients with at average sixteen-week neurological follow-up, 5 patients had complete resolution of nerve palsy.No complications such as forearm compartment syndrome and elbow joint dysfunction occurred.Functional outcome as measured by Flynn criteria was excellent in 12 patients, good in 6 patients, the excellent and good rate was 100%.Functional outcome as measured by Mayo Elbow Performance Score was excellent in 17 patients, good in one patient, the excellent and good rate was 100%.Conclusion:Ultrasound-guided is a safe and reliable option to treat pulseless Gartland type Ⅲ supracondylar humeral fracture.

11.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 139-144, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799555

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the prognostic factors of T1-2N0M0 esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) treated with definitive radiotherapy.@*Methods@#The clinical data of 196 patients with T1-2N0M0 ESCC who were treated with definitive radiotherapy in 10 hospitals were retrospectively analyzed. All sites were members of Jing-Jin-Ji Esophageal and Esophagogastric Cancer Radiotherapy Oncology Group (3JECROG). Radiochemotherapy were applied to 78 patients, while the other 118 patients received radiotherapy only. 96 patients were treated with three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3DCRT) and 100 treated with intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT). The median dose of plan target volume(PTV) and gross target volume(GTV) were both 60 Gy. The median follow-up time was 59.2 months. Log rank test and Cox regression analysis were used for univariat and multivariate analysis, respectively.@*Results@#The percentage of normal lung receiving at least 20 Gy (V20) was (18.65±7.20)%, with average dose of (10.81±42.05) Gy. The percentage of normal heart receiving at least 30 Gy (V30) was (14.21±12.28)%. The maximum dose of exposure in spinal cord was (39.65±8.13) Gy. The incidence of radiation pneumonia and radiation esophagitis were 14.80%(29/196) and 65.82%(129/196), respectively. The adverse events were mostly grade 1-2, without grade 4 toxicity. Median overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) were 70.1 months and 62.3 months, respectively. The 1-, 3- and 5-year OS rates of all patients were 75.1%、57.4% and 53.2%, respectively. The 1-, 3- and 5-year PFS rates were 75.1%、57.4% and 53.2%, respectively. Multivariate analysis demonstrated that patients′age (HR=1.023, P=0.038) and tumor diameter (HR=1.243, P=0.028)were the independent prognostic factors for OS, while tumor volume were the independent prognostic factor for PFS.@*Conclusions@#Definitive radiotherapy is a promising therapeutic method in patients with T1-2N0M0 ESCC. Patients′ age, tumor diameter and tumor volume may impact patients′ prognosis.

12.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 113-118, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745957

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical manifestations and genetic features of children with papillorenal syndrome caused by PAX2 gene mutation.Methods Clinical manifestations,imaging changes and sequencing data were collected and analyzed from a family with papillorenal syndrome who were diagnosed in Wuhan Children's Hospital in February 2018."PAX2","papillorenal syndrome" and "renal coloboma syndrome" were used as key words to search in China National Knowledge Infrastructure,Wangfang Data Knowledge Service Platform,PubMed and Human Gene Mutation Database up to April 2018.Results A ten years old girl was admitted due to "edema and urine output decreased for one week".Lab showed BUN 25.30 mmol/L,Scr 766.5 μmol/L,Urine protein 3.6 g/24 h.Imaging examination showed bilateral vesical and ureter reflux combined with left duplex kidney and duplication of ureter.Developmental dysplasia of the left hip was also found.The father of the patient had been diagnosed with chronic kidney disease for 10 years and on hemodialysis for 6 years.Next generation sequencing revealed that both the father and daughter carried a heterozygous nonsense mutation in the exon3 c.219C > G(p.Y73X) of PAX2.No Chinese literature ever was reported about papillorenal syndrome.Ninety-four articles in English were retrieved and 177 patients with papillorenal syndrome were confirmed by gene analysis with a total of 92 PAX2 variants.Ten nonsense mutations had been reported.Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) never be reported before.Conclusion Papillorenal syndrome caused by PAX2 mutation can mainly manifest as abnormal development of both kidney and optic nerve,which may be accompanied by other systemic abnormalities,it is rarely reported in China.DDH may be a new phenotype of papillorenal syndrome.

13.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 490-494, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755057

ABSTRACT

Objective To retrospectively analyze the effect of tumor length on the prognosis in stage Ⅱ/Ⅲ esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) patients treated with definitive radiotherapy and to evaluate the role of tumor length in clinical stage for non-operative ESCC patients.Methods The data of 2 086 ESCC patients who were treated with definitive radiotherapy from 2002 to 2016 in 10 hospitals (3JECROG) were analyzed.The effect of tumor length on overall survival (OS) was analyzed and stratified analysis of tumor length was done in different stages of ESCC.Results The median OS and median progression-free survival (PFS) time of the whole group were 25.6 months and 18.2 months respectively.The Cox multivariate analysis showed that treatment moda,aga,alinical stage and tumor length were independent prognostic factors.The median,1-,3-,and 5-year OS were 28.9 months,77.3%,45.0%,and 36.3% versus 21.9 months,69.9%,37.9%,and 28.1% for patients with ≤ 5 cm and patients > 5 cm respectively (P<0.05).For stage Ⅱ patienta,abe median OS were 42.1 and 38.9 months respectively in ≤ 5 cm group and>5 cm group (P=0.303).And for stage Ⅲ patienta,abe median OS were 23.9 and 19.3 months respectively in ≤5 cm group and>5 cm group (P<0.001).The median OS with N1was 24.1 and 18.4 montha,aespectively in ≤5 cm group and>5 cm group (P<0.001).Conclusions The tumor length was an independent prognostic factor for stage Ⅱ/Ⅲ patients treated definitive radiotherapy.The tumor length may be helpful in clinical staging of ESCa,aspecially for stage Ⅲ and N1.

14.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 405-411, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755038

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the therapeutic effects between three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3DCRT) and intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) in patients with stage Ⅱ/Ⅲ esophageal cancer and investigate the prognostic factors.Methods Medical record of 2 132 patients with stage Ⅱ/Ⅲ esophageal cancer who underwent definitive radiotherapy with/without chemotherapy in 10 hospitals from January 2002 to December 2016 from were retrospectively analyzed.Among these patients,37.9% of them were aged ≥ 70 years,33.9% with neck and upper esophageal tumors and 66.1% with middle and lower esophageal and borderline tumors.The median gross tumor volume (GTV) and lymph node gross tumor volume (GTVnd) was 41.6 cm3.Among them,32% were stage Ⅱ] and 68% were stage Ⅲ.A total of 723 patients received 3DCRT and 1 409 cases received IMRT.Patients received an equivalent dose in 2 Gy (EQD2) ≥ 60 Gy accounted for 86.1%,and 41.1% of them received concurrent chemoradiotherapy.Results The median follow-up time was 60.8 months.The 1-,3-and 5-year overall survival (OS) of all patients was 73.9%,41.7% and 32.6%,and the 1-,3-and 5-year progression-free survival (PFS) was 62.2%,37.3% and 32%,respectively.Multivariate analysis demonstrated that age,primary tumor location,clinical stage,tumor target volume,EQD2 and concurrent chemoradiotherapy were the independent prognostic factors for OS.Age,primary tumor location,clinical stage,tumor target volume and EQD2 were the independent prognostic factors for PFS.The OS and PFS did not significantly differ among the low-risk,low-/moderate-risk,moderate-/high-risk and high-risk groups according to age≥70 years,tumor diameter>5 cm,tumor volume ≥41.6 cm3 and stage Ⅲ (P<0.001).After the propensity score matching (PSM) method,neither 3DCRT nor IMRT yielded significant advantages in OS or PFS (P=0.971;P=0.658).However,IMRT tended to yield survival benefits in low-risk patients (P=0.125).Conclusions Both 3DCRT and IMRT yield relatively high OS rate in patients with stage Ⅱ/Ⅲ esophageal cancer.The prognosis model established in this investigation can properly predict the survival of patients.Low-risk patients tend to obtain survival benefits from IMRT.

15.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 831-834, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-696506

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of suction assisted closure (SAC) in treatment of children's leukemia with refractory ulcers.Methods The clinical data of 15 children who had leukemia associated with refractory ulcers from January 2013 to April 2017 in Department of Orthopedics,Wuhan Children's Hospital,Tongji Medical College of Huazhong University of Science & Technology were retrospectively analyzed.There were 8 males and 7 females,among whom 9 cases were acute non-lymphocytic leukemia and 6 cases were acute lymphoblastic leukemia.Patient's ages ranged from 2 to 9 years old with the mean age of 6.2 years.There were 5 cases of refractory ulcers located in the medial side of thigh and 4 cases in the perineum and around anus,3 cases in the ankle,2 cases in the crus and 1 case in the lateral side of thigh.The refractory ulceration area varied from 2 cm × 3 cm-7 cm × 5 cm,and the depth varied from 0.6-1.8 cm.All the 15 cases were cultured with secretions,including 7 cases of Staphylococcus aureus,4 cases of Escherichia coli,2 cases of Klebsiella pneumoniae,1 case of Pseudomonas aeruginosa,and 1 case with no bacteria detected.These children were transferred from Department of Hematology to Department of Orthopedics when there was no improvement in conventional therapy with the average treatment of 26 d (11-36 d).All of these children underwent SAC after thorough debridement.Secondary suturing of ulcers closure was performed or skin transplantation according to the recovery condition of ulcers.Results All the 15 patients of refractory ulcers achieved fresh granulation tissue after SAC treatment.Ten of them who had refractory ulcers could be sutured directly after once SAC treatment,and 5 cases who had refractory ulcers underwent SAC treatment again,in which 3 cases could be sutured directly,and the other 2 cases needed to reduce the wound area and autologous skin graft.All of these patients had refractory ulcers healed after SAC treatment,without any local or systemic complications.Conclusions SAC can bring the deep refractory ulcers into full drainage,protect the refractory ulcers against contamination,stimulate the growth of granulation tissue.SAC is a simple and effective method in treatment of children's leukemia with refractory ulcers.

16.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 959-964, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-708300

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the survival and prognostic factors of esophageal cancer treated with definitive ( chemo ) radiotherapy by applying novel radiation techniques including three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3DCRT) or intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT). Methods Clinical data of 2762 patients with non-operated esophageal squamous cell carcinoma who underwent definitive ( chemo ) radiotherapy from 2002 to 2016 in 10 hospitals were retrospectively analyzed.The prognostic factors were also identified and analyzed. Results The median follow-up time was 60. 8 months. The 1-, 2-, 3-and 5-year overall survival (OS) of all patients was 71. 4%,48. 9%,39. 3%,and 30. 9%,respectively.The 1-,2-,3-and 5-year progression-free survival (PFS) was 59.5%,41.5%,35.2%,and 30%,respectively.The median survival was 23 months.The median time to progression was 17. 2 months.Multivariate analysis demonstrated that age, primary tumor location, clinical stage, tumor target volume, EQD2 and treatment mode were the independent prognostic factors for OS.Primary tumor location,clinical stage,tumor target volume and EQD2 were the independent prognostic factors for PFS. Conclusions In this first large-scale multi-center retrospective analysis of definitive ( chemo) radiotherapy for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma in China, the 5-year OS of patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma is significantly improved by 3DCRT, IMRT combined with chemotherapy drugs. However, the findings remain to be validated by prospective clinical trials with high-level medical evidence.

17.
China Journal of Endoscopy ; (12): 15-17, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-612190

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Objective To evaluate the value of utility of bronchoscopy in human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) patients with Bacteria sputum negative pulmonary tuberculosis.Methods Bronchoscopy was conducted to 65 AIDS patients with bacteria sputum negative pulmonary tuberculosis in the first hospital of Changsha. The patients’ bronchoalveolar lavage fluid through the electronic bronchoscopy, mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) culture, brushings and biopsy pathology were analyzed.Results 65 cases, bronchoscope alveolar lavage lfuid smear positive acid-fast stain 14 cases (21.54%), BAL mycobacterium tuberculosis culture positive 20 cases (30.76%), a bronchoscope brush positive 24 cases (36.92%), 35 cases of bronchoscopy biopsy, according to the performance under the bronchoscope positive 21 cases (60.00%), bronchoscopy combined different methods conifrmed 43 cases (66.15%).Conclusions Bronchoscopy in AIDS with bacteria sputum negative pulmonary tuberculosis diagnosis, it has important application value.

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Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 813-817, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-495211

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Objective To evaluate the efficacy of salvage radiotherapy for supraclavicular lymph node metastasis ( SLNM) after initial treatment in patients with esophageal cancer. Methods A total of 117 patients with SLNM after radical resection for esophageal cancer were enrolled as subjects from 2006 to 2012. All patients received three?dimensional radiotherapy with 1. 8?2. 0 Gy per cycle, 5 cycles a week. The survival rates were calculated using the Kaplan?Meier method and analyzed using the log?rank test. The Cox model was used for multivariate analysis. Results The follow?up rate was 100%. In all the patients, the 1?and 3?year overall survival (OS) rates were 38. 5% and 14. 1%, respectively. The 1?and 3?year OS rates were significantly higher in patients treated with salvage radiotherapy or radiochemotherapy ( n=100) than in patients without any salvage treatment (n=17)(42% vs. 18%,P=0. 008;17% vs. 0%, P=0. 008). The patients treated with radiochemotherapy ( n=32) had significantly higher 1?and 3?year OS rates than those treated with radiotherapy alone (n=68)(59% vs. 34%, 36% vs. 11%, P=0. 002) or without any salvage treatment (n=17)(59% vs. 18%, 36% vs. 0%, P=0. 002). Patients without visceral metastasis (n=80) had significantly higher 1?and 3?year OS rates than those with visceral metastasis ( n=37) ( 44% vs. 27%, P=0. 002;22% vs. 0%,P=0. 002) . Patients with supraclavicular doses of ≥60 Gy in salvage radiotherapy ( n=75) had significantly higher 1?and 3?year OS rates than those with supraclavicular doses of<60 Gy in salvage radiotherapy ( n=25) ( 75% vs. 25%,P=0. 000;24% vs. 8%,P=0. 000) . The multivariate analysis using the Cox model showed that supraclavicular doses of ≥60 Gy, mediastinal metastasis, visceral metastasis, and salvage treatment method were independent factors for survival ( P=0. 001,0. 015,0. 009, 0. 025) . Conclusions Salvage radiotherapy can improve the survival of patients with SLNM in esophageal cancer. Salvage radiotherapy or radiochemotherapy is highly recommended for patients with SLNM alone. A radiation dose of ≥60 Gy in salvage radiotherapy improves survival in patients.

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Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 100-104, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-488479

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Objective To evaluate the safety and effectiveness of mechanical thrombectomy with Solitaire AB stent in the treatment of large intracranial artery occlusions.Methods The calinical data of 15 patients with acute stroke(more than 3.5 h intravenous thrombolysis time window) who were carried out arterial embolectomy with Solitaire AB stent in the No.264th Hospital of the Chinese People's Liberation Army were retrospective analyzed.There were 11 cases of middle cerebral artery(MCA),2 cases of internal carotid artery (ICA),1 case of vertebral artery(VA) pluse basilar artery(BA),and 1 case of anterior artery(AA).The recanalization occluded situation and surgical complications were analyzed,NIHSS score of preoperatively and at discharge were compared.Results In 15 cases,there were 14 cases of totally recanalization,1 case of partial recanalization.Two case with MCA stenosis and 1 case with VA stenosis after the recanalization were accepted stent angioplasty,2 csase died.NIHSS score of 13 cases survival patients increased from (22.85±4.75) scores on admission to (4.39 ±3.67) scores out of hospital,and the difference was statistically sinificant(t=2.752,P <0.01).Conclusion The mechanical thrombectomy with Solitaire AB stent can get high recanalization rate,fewer complications and good clinical outcome on patients with large intracranial artery occlusions.For more than venous or arterial thrombolysis time window,the mechanical thrombectomy can be considered within the 8 h after comprehensive evaluation.

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Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 923-928, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-502329

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the therapeutic effects,adverse effects,and patterns of failure of elective irradiation of lymphatic drainage area (extended-field) and involved-field irradiation in three-dimensional radiotherapy (3DRT) in patients with esophageal cancer via a Meta-analysis.Methods The databases Wanfang Data,CNKI,VIP,CBM,PubMed,Embase,and Cochrane Library were searched to collect the controlled clinical trials on extended-field irradiation and involved-field irradiation in 3DRT in patients with esophageal cancer.Stata 11.0 was used for data analysis.The odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence interval was used to describe the differences between two groups.Results According to the inclusion and exclusion criteria,a total of 12 controlled clinical trials involving 1 095 patients with esophageal cancer were included in this meta-analysis.The results of the meta-analysis showed that compared with the involved-field irradiation group,the extended-field irradiation group had a significantly reduced rate of out-field failure in patients with esophageal cancer who received 3DRT (OR=3.727,P=0.007),but showed significantly higher rates of grade ≥ 3 acute radiation pneumonitis and radiation esophagitis (acute radiation pneumonitis:OR =0.348,P =0.001;radiation esophagitis:OR =0.385,P =0.000).The two groups had similar 1-,2-,and 3-year local control rate and overall survival rate (local control rate:OR=0.966/0.946/0.732,P=0.837/0.781/0.098;overall survival rate:OR=0.952/1.149/0.768,P=0.756/0.422/0.120),as well as a similar distant metastasis rate (OR=0.986,P=0.937).Conclusions Compared with involved-field irradiation,extended-field irradiation can reduce the rate of out-field failure in patients with esophageal cancer who receive 3DRT.However,it does not have significant advantages in local control rate and overall survival rate and has an increased incidence rate of adverse effects.

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