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1.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1413-1420, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-803257

ABSTRACT

Osteochondral defects caused by various factors are still difficult clinical problems. With the development of tissue engineering, the strategies and methods for repairing osteochondral defects in the past decade have made great progress, and some osteochondral tissue stratified stent products have gradually entered the clinical trial stage.. The related articles on tissue engineering for the treatment of osteochondral defects were retrieved by searching databases with key words osteochondral defects, cartilage repair and hierarchical scaffolds. This paper discussed the research status of hierarchical scaffolds in osteochondral tissue engineering during recent five years. In this work, the classification of hierarchical scaffold including monophasic scaffolds, bilayered scaffolds, multilayered scaffolds and gradient scaffolds, are summarized by comparing different experiment researches. Furthermore, the advantages and disadvantages of different types of hierarchical scaffolds were introduced through analyzing relevant studies. Monophasic scaffolds can support the adhesion and proliferation of osteoblasts and chondrocytes, but lack the inherent stratified structure features required for osteochondral regeneration.. Bilayered scaffolds consist of a chondral layer and subchondral layer which base on the biocompatibility of monophasic scaffolds. Biphasic scaffolds are significantly better than monophasic scaffolds in simulating natural cartilage, but the interface between chondral and subchondral layer is poor binding. Compared with bilayered scaffold, trilayered scaffolds are added with an intermediate layer which simulates the calcification of normal cartilage between the two layers, so as to obtain better connection of the bone and cartilage layer. Unlike hierarchical scaffolds, gradient scaffolds provide a gradient connection between the layers, which is more similar to the native osteochondral tissue. In the past five years, the development of osteochondral layered scaffolds mainly depended on the novel structure and fabrication methods of scaffolds. However, correlational clinical studies are quite few. Further high quality and large clinical studies are still required.

2.
Military Medical Sciences ; (12): 252-255, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-490667

ABSTRACT

As internal protein elements , inteins are self-excised from their host protein and catalyze ligation of exteins with a peptide bond .They are widely found in all the three domains of the biological kingdom , and in viral proteins .Intein-mediated protein splicing is a posttranslational autocatalytic process that does not require auxiliary enzymes or cofactors . Protein splicing involves four intramolecular reactions and a small number of key catalytic residues in the intein and exteins . The development of expressed protein ligation ( EPL ) and protein trans-splicing ( PTS ) is assisted by inteins and protein splicing.This review introduces the biosynthesis of backbone-cyclized peptides libraries , and describes the applications of cyclic polypeptides and their prospective applications in the future .

3.
Tianjin Medical Journal ; (12): 278-280, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-487603

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical efficacy of radiofrequency surgical therapy combined with ozone for patients with discogenic low back pain. Methods The clinical data were collected in 120 patients treated with radiofrequen?cy and ozone for lumbar disc herniation at Tianjin Hospital from October 2013 to October 2015. Pain visual analogue scale (VAS) was used to patients at preoperative and postoperative 1 week, 1, 3, 6 and 12 months. Health survey (SF-36) score was used at preoperative and postoperative six months. The efficacy was evaluated by MacNab curative effect evaluation. Re?sults The preoperative VAS score was (7.02±0.64) points. The postoperative VAS scores were (3.13±0.32) points, (2.11± 0.67) points,(2.62±0.89) points,(2.37±0.34) points and (2.31±0.50) points at one week, one month, three months, six months and twelve months, respectively. The VAS scores were significantly decreased after surgery (P<0.05). Preoperative SF-36 score was (48.32 ± 7.46) points, which reached to the (82.03 ± 5.89) points six months after surgery (P < 0.05). After six months, the fineness rate reached to 89.17%evaluated by MacNab curative effect evaluation. Conclusion Radiofrequency combined with ozone treatment is an effective and reliable method for discogenic low back pain.

4.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 177-183, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-483451

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the angiogenesis&neovascularization effects of naringin treatment in ovariectomized rats’fracture healing. Methods Upper 1/3 transverse tibial fracture model 4 weeks later after ovariectomized were estimated and randomly divided into the naringin group and control group. Microfil perfusion technique was used to analysis the angiogene?sis situation at two weeks after bone fracture. HE staining was used to evaluate the level of angiogenesis&neovascularization of tis?sue from histological point of view. The relative expression of VEGF in the callus was identified by real?time polymerase chain re?action. Immunohistochemical technique was used to observe the vessel endothelial growth factor?2 in the callus of the two groups. Maximum fracture load was tested by three?point bend test. Results The vascular volume and vascular density were more in nar?ingin group than control group. The HE staining of the 2 week group slices shows that the VA, VN2 of the unit of high magnifica?tion vision of the naringin group was significantly larger compared to the control group. Real?time PCR revealed that the compara?tive expression of VEGF is more in naringin group than in control group; the positive number of VEGFR?2 is more in naringin group than in control group. Naringin can promote the maximum load of the callus. Conclusion Naringin can promote ovariecto?mized rats’angiogenesis&neovascularization in the early process of fracture healing. It may be act on the signaling pathway of VEGF/VEGFR?2.

5.
Tianjin Medical Journal ; (12): 925-928, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-495007

ABSTRACT

Estrogen is involved in the process of postmenopausal osteoporosis, and the main functional cells are osteoclasts. However, the mechanism of estrogen on the osteoclasts is not yet fully understood. Here we demonstrate the effects of estrogen on osteoclasts in three aspects: morphology and structure, apoptosis of osteoclasts and differentiation of preosteoclasts, which give an overall explanation for effects of estrogen on osteoclasts.

6.
Military Medical Sciences ; (12): 597-601, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-477057

ABSTRACT

Objective To design and construct a new non-fusion soluble expression vector pTIG-mSUMO(small ubiq-uitin-related modifier) using the widely used solubility promoting protein SUMO and based on the translational coupling phenomenon in order to enable the non-fusion soluble expression of the broad-spectrum antiviral protein RA in Escherichia coli by pTIG-mSUMO.Methods The smt3 gene coding for SUMO protein was cloned from yeast genome DNA by PCR. After directed-site silent mutation to eliminate the EcoRⅠsite, the mutant mSUMO was inserted into pET-22b to obtain the translational coupling expression vector pTIG-mSUMO.The RA was subject to PCR amplification and cloned into the pTIG-mSUMO to obtain the expression plasmid pTIG-mSUMO/RA which was supposed to direct the soluble expression of RA by the translational coupling with mSUMO.Results A translational coupling expression vector pTIG-mSUMO which could di-rect/drive the SUMO and heterogonous protein non-fusion expression simultaneously was designed and constructed.The Western blotting result indicated that pTIG-mSUMO could direct the high-level expression of RA, around 40%of which was soluble.Conclusion A translational coupling expression vector pTIG-mSUMO is obtained.After coupling with SUMO, RA is highly expressed in E.coli and both the expression level and solubility are greatly improved.pTIG-mSUMO might contrib-ute to soluble expression of other proteins.

7.
Military Medical Sciences ; (12): 867-869, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-439979

ABSTRACT

It′s reported that RNA-binding proteins ( RBP) play key roles in post-transcriptional regulation of eukaryotic genes.The aberrations of RBP are associated with a large number of human disorders , particularly autoimmune and neuro-logic diseases .The interaction between RNA and proteins has been widely explored since the development of the method known as RNA immunoprecipitation with differential display or microarray analysis (RIP-ChIP) around the year of 2000. Since then, diverse derivatives of the RIP-ChIP, such as ultraviolet crosslinking and immunoprecipitation ( CLIP), high-throughput sequencing of CLIP cDNA library (HITS-CLIP), photoactivatable -ribonucleoside-enhanced crosslinking and immunoprecipitation ( PAR-CLIP) , and individual nucleotide resolution CLIP ( iCLIP ) have been developed .All these methods have some advantages over the original RIP-ChIP and greatly facilitate the study of RBP-RNA interactions .Addi-tionally , aided by the next-generation sequencing , transcriptome-wide identification of RBP target sites has become possible and the RNA-binding site resolution of RBP has also improved to some degree .We introduced the basic principles and processes of the interactions between proteins and RNA , focusing on the advantages , disadvantages and prospect of the present genome-wide version of CLIP .

8.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 222-232, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-304498

ABSTRACT

We reconstructed the erythromycin macrocyclic lactone (6-deoxyerythronolide B, 6dEB) synthesis pathway in Escherichia coli. We first cloned all the genes needed to synthesize the 6dEB into multi-gene co-expressed vectors. Then using the recognition sequences of isoschizomers Xba I/Spe I of vectors, we assembled the related genes into a series multiple-genes recombinant plasmids pBJ144, pBJ130. The recombinant plasmids pBJ144, pBJ130 were cotransformed into BAP1 to get the recombinant BAP1(pBJ144/pBJ130). SDS-PAGE analysis showed that individual genes were expressed correctly. After inducing at low temperature, adding propionate as substrate, we validated the crude product by mass spectrometry and the 6dEB yield was about 10 mg/L. These results indicated that the synthetic pathway of 6dEB was successfully assembled and reconstructed in Escherichia coli, which will greatly facilitate the reconstruction of whole erythromycin synthesis pathway and finally help to establish a stable research platform for developing of new derivatives of erythromycin and combinatorial biosynthesis of polyketide-type antibiotics.


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents , Cloning, Molecular , Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel , Erythromycin , Escherichia coli , Genetics , Metabolism , Genetic Vectors , Genetics
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