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1.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 565-569, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957429

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical value of modified upper urinary tract video urodynamics in evaluating the surgical effect and guiding the follow-up treatment after ureteral reconstruction.Methods:From December 2018 to November 2020, sixty-nine patients underwent upper urinary tract reconstruction and received modified video urodynamics at the time of nephrostomy removal 3 months after the surgery in the RECUTTER database (29 cases in Peking University First Hospital, 22 cases in Emergency General Hospital, and 18 cases in Beijing Jiangong Hospital). There were 39 males and 30 females, with an average age of (40.4±12.7)years. The stricture was located in left in 34 patients, right side in 27 patients, and bilateral sides in 8 patients. The upper, middle, and lower thirds of the ureter were affected in 26, 10, and 33 cases, respectively. The preoperative creatinine was (92.3±26.9)μmol/L, and the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was (85.1±23.2)ml/(min·1.73m 2). The upper urinary tract reconstruction included ileal replacement of ureter in 25 cases (36.2%), pyeloplasty in 8 cases (11.6%), ureteroneocystostomy in 9 cases (13.0%), boari flap in 6 cases (8.7%), lingual mucosal graft ureteroplasty in 9 cases (13.0%), appendiceal onlay ureteroplasty in 3 cases (4.3%), ureteroureterostomy in 3 cases (4.3%), and balloon dilation in 6 cases (8.7%). Based on the pressure and imaging, the results could be divided into three types, type Ⅰ, the pressure difference remained stable near baseline, and the renal pelvis pressure was below 22 cmH 2O(1 cmH 2O=0.098 kPa), and the reconstructed ureter is well visualized during the whole perfusion process; type Ⅱ, the pressure difference increases with the perfusion, but it can decrease to a normal level with the ureteral peristalsis; type Ⅲ, the pressure difference exceeds 15 cmH 2O, and the ureteral peristalsis is weak or disappears at the same time. The management strategies and treatment effects of different subtypes were analyzed. Successful treatment was defined as no further treatment required, the absence of hydronephrosis-related symptoms, and the improved or stabilized degree of hydronephrosis. Results:All 69 patients successfully completed upper urinary tract video urodynamics. The pressure difference was higher than 15 cmH 2O in 8 patients, and the median pressure difference was 37(19-54)cmH 2O. The renal pelvis pressure exceeded 22 cmH 2O in 10 patients, and the median pressure was 63.5 (24-155) cmH 2O. Video urodynamic results of upper urinary tract were classified as type Ⅰ in 60 cases, type Ⅱ in 5 cases, and type Ⅲ in 4 cases. Patients in type Ⅰ do not require other treatment after nephrostomy tube removal. Patients in type Ⅱ should avoid holding urine after the removal of nephrostomy and D-J tubes. All patients in type Ⅲ received further treatment, of which 2 patients replaced D-J tube regularly, 1 patient underwent long-term metal ureteral stent replacement, and 1 patient underwent ureteroscopic balloon dilation. The median follow-up time was 24 (18-42) months. All patients in type Ⅰ met the criteria for surgical success, The pre-and postoperative creatinine in type Ⅰ patients were (88.71±23.09)μmol/L and (88.75±23.64)μmol/L ( P=0.984), and eGFR were (88.06±22.66)ml/(min· 1.73m 2)and (87.97±23.01)ml/(min·1.73m 2), respectively( P=0.969). For type Ⅱ patients, ultrasound showed that the degree of hydronephrosis improved in 3 cases and remained stable in 2 cases. The pre-and postoperative creatinine were (105.97±7.75)μmol/L and (97.63±7.56)μmol/L ( P=0.216), and eGFR were (69.08±14.74)ml/(min·1.73m 2)and (75.95±14.02)ml/(min·1.73m 2)( P=0.243), respectively. For type Ⅲ patients, ultrasound showed that the degree of hydronephrosis remained stable. The pre-and postoperative creatinine were (105.14±44.34)μmol/L and (101.49±57.02)μmol/L ( P=0.684), and eGFR were (65.32±19.85)ml/(min·1.73m 2) and (73.42±27.88) ml/(min·1.73m 2), respectively( P=0.316). Conclusions:The pressure and imaging results of modified upper urinary tract video urodynamics can assist in evaluating the surgical effect of ureteral reconstruction, and the classification has certain guiding significance for further treatment.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955564

ABSTRACT

Objective:To master the 2018 annual oral operation skills assessment of dental standardized residency training trainees, to explore the weak links in the process of the dental residency training, and to provide data support and scientific basis for improving the teaching of clinical skills for dental residency training in the future.Methods:The results of 2018 annual oral operating skills examination of dental standardized residency training trainees in the Affiliated Stomatological Hospital of Nanchang University were collected, the data were sorted by excel and analyzed statistically by SPSS 22.0, and independent sample t test was performed for univariate analysis. Results:The tooth preparation expert results and the scores of cavity preparation expert process in Batch 2017 were higher than those in Batch 2016 [(23.72±2.13) scores vs. (25.82±1.53) scores], and the cavity preparation results of Batch 2017 [(21.08±3.13) scores] were lower than those of Batch 2016 [(23.36±2.32) scores]. The scores of social trainees in the process of tooth preparation [(24.59±2.03) points] were lower than those of the professional postgraduates [(26.29±1.64) points], and the results were all statistically significant ( P<0.05). The three lowest scores of each item in different grades and status types were almost the same. Conclusion:Different grades and different status categories have different scores in different operation items and different score indicators, which suggests that the dental standardized residency training should focus on the weak items and the indicators with lowest scores of each item, so as to make up the shortage and improve the quality of standardized residency training.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922040

ABSTRACT

The overall prevalence of uniparental disomy (UPD) across all chromosomes was estimated to be around one birth in 2000. To date, more than 4170 UPD cases have been registered. UPD for chromosomes 6, 7, 11, 14, 15, and 20 can result in clinically recognizable imprinting disorders due to abnormal levels of imprinted gene expression. For other chromosomes, the clinical consequences associated with UPD are not apparent, unless when a recessive genetic disorder is unmasked by UPD or regions of homozygosity (ROH). A clinical practice guideline will assist in strengthening the precise analysis and interpretation of the clinical significance of ROH/UPD. This guideline summarizes the conception, mechanism and clinical consequences of ROH/UPD, as well as the principles for data analysis, with an aim to standardize the clinical application and data interpretation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Gene Expression , Genomic Imprinting , Homozygote , Uniparental Disomy/genetics
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922015

ABSTRACT

The overall prevalence of uniparental disomy (UPD) across all chromosomes was estimated to be around one birth in 2000. To date, more than 4170 UPD cases have been registered. UPD for chromosomes 6, 7, 11, 14, 15, and 20 can result in clinically recognizable imprinting disorders due to abnormal levels of imprinted gene expression. For other chromosomes, the clinical consequences associated with UPD are not apparent, unless when a recessive genetic disorder is unmasked by UPD or regions of homozygosity (ROH). A clinical practice guideline will assist in strengthening the precise analysis and interpretation of the clinical significance of ROH/UPD. This guideline summarizes the conception, mechanism and clinical consequences of ROH/UPD, as well as the principles for data analysis, with an aim to standardize the clinical application and data interpretation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Gene Expression , Genomic Imprinting , Homozygote , Practice Guidelines as Topic , Uniparental Disomy/genetics
5.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 375-380, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885025

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the safety and effectiveness of Kangduo endoscopic surgical robot system for partial nephrectomy.Methods:Consecutive patients with stage T 1 renal tumor meeting the inclusion criteria from the Department of Urology, Peking University First Hospital from December 2020 to February 2021 were prospectively enrolled. All patients underwent partial nephrectomy with the Kangduo endoscopic surgical robot system after signing the informed consent. Clinical data including preoperative, perioperative and postoperative pathology and follow-up were collected. Results:Among the 26 patients, there were 16 males and 10 females, with a median age of 53(33-74) years, and a median body mass index of 25.99(20.90-32.91) kg/m 2. There were 12 cases of left kidney tumor and 14 cases of right kidney tumor. The median tumor diameter was 2.2(1.0-3.5) cm. The median time of warm ischemia was 17.7(7.1-29.2) minutes, and all of them were less than 30 minutes. The median docking time was 4.7(2.3-9.9) minutes, and the median time of robotic arm operation was 65.0 (37.0-155.0) minutes. The median National Aeronautics and Space Administration Task Load Index (NASA-TLX) score was 5.3 (2.0-28.0), and no instrument-related adverse events occurred intraoperatively. The median postoperative hospital stay was 4 (4-5) days. All tumor margins were negative on pathologic reports. No Clavien Ⅱ stage operative complications occurred in all patients during perioperative period and 1 month after the surgery. Conclusions:The partial nephrectomy using the kangduo endoscopic surgical robot system were completed successfully, and no instrument-related adverse events and complications occurred, showing that this surgical system used for partial nephrectomy is safe and effective.

6.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 99-107, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880245

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Lobectomy is the main treatment strategy for early lung cancer. However, there are many anatomical variations in the lungs, especially some pulmonary veins will deviate from the normal position, and even cross the border of lob to enter the adjacent lobes, which increases the difficulty and risk of lobectomy. This study aims to analyze the variation types and frequency of pulmonary translobar veins, and further investigate its clinical significance in lobectomy.@*METHODS@#This study retrospectively included 916 patients who underwent lung resection in our center from December 2018 to November 2019, and selected 310 patients who underwent enhanced chest computed tomography (CT) examination before surgery. Enhanced chest CT and three-dimensional computed tomography bronchography and angiography (3D-CTBA) of these patients were applied to analyze the types and frequency of translobar veins. Further, 48 cases of lobectomy whose operation areas involved translobar veins were further screened out of 916 surgical cases (Among them, the translobar veins of 36 subjects were cut off and the other 12 patients were reserved). The effect of two different treatments on remaining lung was observed by surgical video.@*RESULTS@#A total of 26 translobar veins patterns were identified with an overall incidence of 82.26%, much greater in the right than in the left lung (80.65% vs 11.94%). The major types (frequency >5%) in the right lung include: the VX2 (5.48%) that flows into the inferior pulmonary vein behind the intermediate bronchus, the V3b (58.39%) that converges the venous branches of the upper and middle lobe, the VX4 that flows into the V2 (13.23%) or V3 (12.58%) in the horizontal fissure, the VX4 (8.71%) or VX5 (7.42%) that flows into the left atrium beneath the middle lobe bronchus, and the VX6 that flows into V2 in the Oblique fissure. The major types in the left lung include the common trunk (9.36%) of the superior and inferior pulmonary vein, of which 4.84% are greater than 1 cm in length. Compared to the preserved group, circulatory function of the remaining lung was impaired in the severed group, with the impaired area failing to collapse long after ventilation is stopped, the incidence of postoperative hemoptysis (13.89% vs 0.00%) and pulmonary air leakage (19.44% vs 8.33%) increased, the postoperative hospital stay [(4.72±1.86) d vs (3.92±1.62) d] was longer, and the total drainage during 3 days after operation [(705.42±265.02) mL vs (604.92±229.64) mL] was more, but the difference is not statistically significant.@*CONCLUSIONS@#There are a variety of types of translobar pulmonary veins and some of them have a high incidence; However, most of the translobar veins were neglected in surgery, which could adversely affect the safety of surgery and the recovery of patients after surgery.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828176

ABSTRACT

This study aims to compare the prostate cancer detection rate between magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-transrectal ultrasound (TRUS) cognitive fusion targeted biopsy and systematic biopsy. A total of 614 patients who underwent transrectal prostate biopsy during 2016-2018 with multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) were included. All patients with a PI-RADS V2 score ≥ 3 accepted both targeted biopsy and systematic biopsy, and those with a PI-RADS V2 score ≤ 2 only accepted systematic biopsy. Overall prostate cancer detection rate between the two biopsies was compared. MRI-TRUS cognitive fusion targeted biopsy identified 342 cases (75.7%) of prostate cancer while systematic biopsy identified 358 cases (79.2%). There was no significant difference in the detection rate between the two groups ( = 1.621, = 0.203). Targeted biopsy had significant fewer biopsy cores compared with systematic biopsy, reducing (9.3 ± 0.11) cores ( < 0.001) in average. Targeted biopsy had about 10.8% ( < 0.001) more tumor tissues in positive cores compared with systematic biopsy. The results show that both MRI-TRUS cognitive fusion targeted biopsy and systematic biopsy have good detection rate on prostate cancer. Cognitive targeted biopsy may reduce biopsy cores and provide more tumor tissues in positive cores.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Biopsy , Methods , Image-Guided Biopsy , Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Interventional , Prospective Studies , Prostatic Neoplasms , Diagnostic Imaging , Ultrasonography, Interventional
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871769

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical, ophthalmological and pathological features of primary uveal lymphoma.Methods:Retrospective clinical study. From 2012 to 2018 in Beijing Tongren Eye Cener, 4 cases and 4 eyes of patients with primary uveal lymphoma were included in the study. Among them, 3 cases were male and 1 case was female. The average age was (54 ± 13.58) years old. The average time from initial diagnosis to pathological diagnosis was (18.50 ± 9.29) months. 3 cases were enucleated and 1 case was biopsied. Extranodal marginal zone lymphoma (EMZL) of the mucosa associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) was confirmed by pathological examination. BCVA, fundus color photography, color Doppler ultrasound and orbital MRI were performed in all eyes. UBM, OCT, FFA and ICGA were performed in 2 eyes, 3 eyes, 3 eyes and 2 eyes respectively. The clinical, imaging and pathological changes were observed. Following up time was ≥ 6 months.Results:At the initial diagnosis, BCVA was 0.6, 0.02 and 0.01 in 1, 2 and 1 eye respectively. Choroid, ciliary body and iris were involved in 3 eyes, choroid in 1 eye. The fundus of the eyes showed infiltration of choroid in yellow and white color, and the lesions were beyond the vascular arch to the equator and peripheral areas. Color Doppler ultrasonography showed that choroidal diffuse thickening and extrascleral extension (ESE) which was the corresponding hypoechoic areas behind the sclera. Among them, ESE showed crescent thickening in 1 eye and nodular thickening in 3 eyes. UBM showed that the echo of ciliary body was thicken and the internal echo was decreased with the iris involved. OCT showed that RPE was wavy and local retinal neuroepithelial layer detached. FFA showed that the early lesions were mottled with strong and weak fluorescence, and the late fluorescence leakage. The posterior wall of the eyeball was thickened and enhanced in MRI.Conclusion:The clinical manifestations of uveal lymphoma are various, color Doppler ultrasound has characteristic manifestations and ESE of crescent or nodular thickening is valuable in diagnosis.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871049

ABSTRACT

This study reported a case about a 30-year-old pregnant woman with placental teratoma. The presumptive diagnosis of placental teratoma was made based on the abnormal echo detected on the placental surface by ultrasound at 33 + gestational weeks. MRI examination also suggested the possibility. She had an otherwise uneventful pregnancy and puerperium and gave birth to a healthy newborn vaginally at 40 +4 gestational weeks. A smooth oval-shaped nodule covered by skin was visualized at the edge of the placenta, and pathological results suggested a mature cystic teratoma. The causes of placental teratoma remain unclear, and no obvious clinical symptoms are identified. Typically, it has no adverse effects on the mother and baby. A combination of ultrasound and MRI is critical to determine the nature of the tumor prenatally, but the gold standard for diagnosis relies on placental pathology.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-696340

ABSTRACT

Objective Neonatal respiratory distress syndrome (NRDS) is one of the severe respiratory complications in the early stage after birth.NRDS can develop ingravescence respiratory difficulty due to insufficient pulmonary surfactant and its mortality is very high.This research was to study the common mutation sites of surfactant pulmonary-associated protein C (SFTPC) gene and its relationship with NRDS.Methods All 46 neonates with NRDS at the Department of Neonatology,Children's Hospital of Fudan University from January 2012 to March 2015 were assigned as case group and other 44 neonates without NRDS as control group.All cases were Han race.SP-C gene was tested with Sanger sequencing based genetic testing.All data were analyzed with SPSS 20.0 software.Results There was no significant difference in sex,gestational age,birth weight or mode of delivery between case group and control group(all P > 0.05).The mutations reported in European and African neonates with respiratory distress syndrome were not found in this study.There were 3 nonsense mutations in the study group,c.-1614C > A,c.-1504G > A and c.-368A > G,and their Regulome DB Scores were 4,5 and 5 scores.There was a significant difference in the mutation at the spot rs8192308 between the two group and their Regulome DB Scores was 5 scores.Conclusion The mutation in spot rs8192308 may have relationship with the risk of NRDS in Han race of Shanghai city.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-317767

ABSTRACT

Ectopic tooth is a common problem reported in clinics. Ectopic tooth generally occurs around its primary position, and long-distance displacement is rare. A case of ectopic maxillary premolar in palatal suture with a supernumerary tooth in the mentum region was reported in this study, and the relevant literature is presented in this paper.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bicuspid , Chin , Malocclusion , Sutures , Tooth, Supernumerary
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-508882

ABSTRACT

Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI)can reflect the brain structure and development more quantitatively and intuitively than conventional magnetic resonance sequence by obtaining the diffusion properties of water molecules. In neonatal brain developmental research,DTI could be used to study the developmental regularities of white matter tracts and cerebral structure deformity.It can also help to explore the relationship between white matter microstructure and neurodevelopmental outcome.In the study of brain injury,including premature white matter injury,hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy,neonatal stroke,and so on,DTI can diagnose the brain microstructure injury precisely,evaluate the ef-fectiveness of interventions and predict the long -term neurodevelopmental outcome.DTI may have good prospect in re-search and clinical application on neonatal brain development and injury.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-485603

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Currently, there is no effective treatment for keloids that often recur. Its pathogenesis is stil entirely unclear, and fibroblast proliferation and apoptosis have become a research hotspot. OBJECTIVE:To investigate the expression of Livin, Smac and Caspase-3 in keloids and to analyze their relationship so as to preliminarily explore the significance of Livin, Smac and Caspase-3 in the pathogenesis of keloids. METHODS:RT-PCR and immunohistochemical methods were used to detect the mRNA and protein expressions of Livin, Smac and Caspase-3 in keloids (n=20) and normal skin tissues (n=20). RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:Compared with the normal skin tissue, the mRNA and protein positive expressions of Livin were significantly higher in keloids (P < 0.05), while the mRNA and protein positive expressions of Smac and Caspase-3 were lower in keloids (P < 0.05). There was a negative association between Livin and Smac, Caspase-3 protein expression in keloids. These findings indicate that the high mRNA expression of Livin may cause the imbalance between proliferation and apoptosis of fibroblasts by inhibiting the mRNA expression of Smac and Caspase-3, and eventualy lead to the formation of keloid.

14.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 490-493, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-495471

ABSTRACT

MicroRNAs (miRNAs), a non-encoding small molecular RNA, is entitled to regulate gene expression after transcription, which plays a key role in the progress of tumorigenesis, growth and metastasis. MiR-29 family consists in miR-29a, miR-29b and miR-29c, all featured by the regulation of breast cancer. This review will summarize the regulation and molecular mechanism of miR-29 family in all critical stages of breast cancer, and evaluate the value of miR-29 as a new diagnostic and prognostic biomarker or therapeutic target.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-471034

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the value of plasma soluble urokinase plasminogen activator receptor (suPAR) and serum pmcalcitonin (PCT) to investigate their assessment of disease severity and prognosis in patients with sepsis.Methods The levels of plasma suPAR and serum PCT were monitored in 77 patients with sepsis.The acute physiology and chronic health evaluation Ⅱ (APACHE Ⅱ) and sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) score were recorded.According to the disease severity and their prognosis,the value of plasma suPAR,serum PCT,APACHE Ⅱ and SOFA score on predict the disease severity and prognosis of septic patients were compared.Results The levels of plasma suPAR in septic patients [(7.9 ±6.5) ng/mL] were lower than severe sepsis patients [(8.4 ±4.5) ng/mL] and septic shock patients [(13.9 ± 8.0) ng/mL],allP < 0.05.The levels of serum PCT in septic patients (6.3 ± 3.5) ng/mLwere lower than severe sepsis patients [(23.7 ± 3.9) ng/mL] and septic shock patients [(25.7 ±4.3) ng/mL],allP <0.05.But there was no significant difference in the levels of serum PCT between the severe sepsis group and the septic shock group.Receiver operator characteristic curve (ROC)of the level of plasma suPAR could distinguish survivors from non-survivors in septic patients,maximal area under curve (AUC) of plasma suPAR was 0.803.The best cut-off value of plasma suPAR to distinguish survivors from non-survivors was 9.905 ng/mL.And the AUC of serum PCT was 0.61 (P > 0.05) ; the AUCofAPACHEⅡ score was 0.832 (P<0.05); the AUC of SOFA score was 0.767 (P<0.05).Conclusion Monitoring of the levels of plasma suPAR and the APACHE Ⅱ score can help to assess the severity and the prognosis of sepsis in the early stage.

16.
Military Medical Sciences ; (12): 741-744, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-459468

ABSTRACT

Echinoderm microtubule associated protein like 4-anaplastic lymphomakinase ( EML4-ALK) rearrangement is another driver-mutation in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) besides epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR).Accu-rate identification of EML 4-ALK lung adenocarcinoma is essential for the selection of appropriate therapy .Immunohisto-chemistry (IHC), fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) are the main three assay methods for clinical practice .Recently, researchers have done lots of work on the exploration of detection , diagnosis, and treatment prediction of carcinoma based on serum proteomics .In this paper, recent developments in these fields are reviewed.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-336329

ABSTRACT

Combined with a case, the mechanical analysis and clinical application of micro-implant combining with utility arch were introduced in this paper.


Subject(s)
Humans , Maxilla , Molar , Orthodontic Appliance Design , Orthodontic Wires , Tooth Movement Techniques
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-442347

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the efficacy of different radical surgical procedures for the treatment of hilar cholangiocarcinoma.Methods The clinical data of 207 patients with hilar cholangiocarcinoma who were treated at the Southwest Hospital from June 2007 to June 2012 were retrospectively analyzed.Local resection or hemihepatectomy combined with caudate lobectomy was applied to patients with Bismuth type Ⅰ hilar cholangiocarcinoma; dumbbell type radical resection was applied to patients with Bismuth type Ⅱ hilar cholangiocarcinoma or some patients with type Ⅲ a,Ⅲ b and Ⅳ hilar cholangiocarcinoma; hemihepatectomy or extended hemihepatectomy combined with caudate lobectomy was applied to patients with Bismuth type Ⅲ a,Ⅲ b and Ⅳ hilar cholangiocarcinoma.The patients were followed up every 3 months postoperatively till December 2012.All data were analyzed using the chi-square test or Fisher exact probability test,the survival curve was drawn by Kaplan-Meier method,and the survival was analyzed using the Log-rank test.Results Of the 207 patients,124 received radical resection,including 14 received local resection,23 received dumbbell type resection,87 received lobectomy + caudate lobectomy,49 received palliative resection; 34 received biliary drainage.Four patients died perioperatively.The incidences of complications of dumbbell type radical resection,left hemihepatectomy + caudate lobectomy,right hemihepatectomy + caudate lobectomy were 21.7% (5/23),46.6% (27/58) and 48.3% (14/29),respectively.The incidence of complications after dumbbell type radical resection was significantly lower than left hemihepatectomy + caudate lobectomy and right hemihepatectomy + caudate lobectomy (x2 =4.42,3.90,P < 0.05).One hundred and seventy patients were followed up.The median survival time of the 112 patients who received radical radical resection was 26.5 months,and the 1-,3-,5-year survival rates were 75.9% (85/112),42.9% (24/56) and 28.9% (11/38),respectively.The median survival time of the 38 patients who received palliative resection was 8.5 months,and the 1-,3-year survival rates were 31.6% (12/38) and 0.The survival time of 20 patients who received biliary drainage was 4.0 months,and the l-year survival rate was 0.The survival rate of patients who received radical resection was significantly higher than those who received palliative resection (x2=65.32,P < 0.05).There was a significant difference in the survival rate between patients who received surgical treatment and those who received biliary drainage (x2=99.97,P < 0.05).Of the 112 patients who received radical resection,the median survival time of 10 patients who received local resection of tumor was 47.0 months,the 1-year survival rate was 10/10,and 4 patients survived at the end of the follow-up; the median survival time of 23 patients who received dumbbell type radical resection was 32.0 months,and the 1-,3-year survival rates were 95.7% (22/23) and 7/15,and the survival time of 6 patients was longer than 5 years; the median survival time of 54 patients who received left hemihepatectomy or extended left hemihepatectomy + caudate lobectomy was 27.6 months,and the 1-,3-year survival rates were 42.1% (24/57) and 38.7% (12/32),and the survival time of 9 patients was longer than 5 years,3 patients survived at the end of the follow-up ; the median survival time of 25 patients who received right hemihepatectomy or extended right hemihepatectomy + caudate lobectomy was 28.3 months,and the 1-,3-year survival rates were 45.8% (11/24) and 6/15,and the survival time of 6 patients was longer than 5 years,2 patients survived at the end of follow-up.The median survival time of 35 patients (patients with Bismuth type Ⅰ,Ⅱ hilar cholangiocarcinoma and Bismuth Ⅲ a and Ⅲ b hilar cholangiocarcinoma which did not invade the secondary bile duct) who received hemihepatectomy + caudate lobectomy was 32.0 months,and the 1-,3-,5-year survival rates were 91.4% (32/35),45.8% (11/24) and 5/16,which were not different from the survival rate of patients who received dumbbell type radical resection (x2 =0.17,P > 0.05).The 5-year survival rate of patients with lymph node metastasis was 4/19,which was significantly lower than 30.4% (7/23) of patients without lymph node metastasis (x2 =23.40,P < 0.05).Conclusion Joint lobectomy and standardized lymph node dissection could help to improve the efficacy of surgical treatment for patients with hilar cholangiocarcinoma.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-431721

ABSTRACT

Surgical resection is considered to be the most effective therapy for hilar cholangiocarcinoma.Inadequate excision range is the main reason for recurrence after surgery.Extended radical resection provides better long-term survival,however,it may also increase the risk of liver failure because of the extensive hepatic resection.In present study,we showed a new operation which could excise enough length of bile ducts and avoid large volume hepatic tissue resection.The excision extension includes:segment Ⅰ,Ⅳb and partial Ⅳ,left,right and furcation of hepatic duct,extrahepatic ducts,skeletonization of hilar vessels,and dissection of at least second station lymph nodes.As the tissue resected resembles a dumbbell,this surgical technique is named dumbbell type radical resection.The operative indications include:(1) hilar cholangiocarcinoma,Bithmuth Ⅱ and Bithmuth Ⅲ with tumor limited in left or right hepatic ducts ; (2) Without portal invasion; (3) Without third station lymph node metastasis; (4) Without liver or distant organ metastasis.Twenty-three patients had undergone this operation sucessfully.Most patients have high total bilirubin levels (more than 300 μmol/L) and have not received percutaneous transhepatic cholangial drainage or biliary drainage.The average operation time was 355 minutes,and average volume of blood loss during operation was 350 ml.The total survival rate was 65.2%.One-year tumour free survival rate was 95.7% (22/23),and three-year tumor free survival rate was 7/15.The results indicated that dumbbell type radical resection was feasible for hilar cholangiocarcinoam of Bismuth Ⅱ and Bismuth Ⅲ with tumor limited in left or right hepatic ducts.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-436544

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the clinical manifestations,therapeutic efficacy and results of bacterial culture of seven patients of scleral buckle (SB) infection after scleral bulking surgery.Methods Seven patients (seven eyes) underwent SB removal for SB infections were enrolled in this study.The patients included four males (four eyes) and three females (three eyes).The patients aged from 12 to 69 years,with a mean age of 42.7 years.There were four right eyes and three left eyes.The duration (interval between primary surgery and SB removal) ranged from two weeks to ten years,with a mean of 47.5months.Six patients were concurrent with systemic disease.All the patients were examined for visual acuity,slit lamp microscope and indirect ophthalmoscope examination.Some patients also received external eye examination and fundus photography.Whether SB exposure or not and the clinical manifestations were observed.SB removal was performed in all the patients and the SB were sent to the laboratory for bacterial culture.The follow-up time ranged from two weeks to eight months,with a mean of 3.2 months.Whether infections recurrence and retinal detachment or not were observed.Results SB exposure was in three eyes.Obvious ocular pain and swelling,conjunctival hyperemia and visible yellow-white discharge in the conjunctival sac were presented in two eyes; irritation and discharge were in one eye.No SB exposure was in four eyes.Ocular pain and swelling,conjunctival hyperemia and visible yellow-white discharge in the conjunctival sac were presented in two eyes.Repeated subconjunctival hemorrhage and diplopia were presented in one eye.Visual acuity decline,conjunctival sac discharge and total retinal detachment were in one eye.All patients had no intraocular inflammation.The infection was controlled after SB removal and the retina was attached during the follow up.The bacterial culture were all positive,which included Staphylococcus aureus,Staphylcoccus epidermidis and Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae,Gram positive corynebacterium,Aspergillus flavus,Kocuria roseus,Streptococcus oralis,Maxwell Corynebacterium.Conclusions The clinical manifestations of SB infection and the pathogenic microorganisms are variable.SB removal can control the infection.

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