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1.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 66-70, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970880

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis for an infant with permanent neonatal diabetes mellitus (PNDM).@*METHODS@#Clinical data of the child was collected. Targeted capture-next generation sequencing was carried out to identify the potential variants. Candidate variant was verified by Sanger sequencing of her family members.@*RESULTS@#The child was a 4-month-and-26-day female featuring onset of ketoacidosis accompanied with fasting blood glucose of 24.4 mmol/L, positive urine glucose, decreased serum C-peptide, HbA1c of 9.58%, and negative diabetes autoantibody. Genetic testing revealed that she has carried a heterozygous c.314T>G (p.L105R) variant of the INS gene. Sanger sequencing verified that neither of her parents has carried the same variant, which was also unreported in the literature. The variant was classified as likely pathogenic based on the ACMG guidelines.@*CONCLUSION@#The c.314T>G (P.L105R) variant of the INS gene probably underlay the genetic etiology in this child. Genetic testing should be conducted for children with suspected PNDM for early diagnosis and appropriate treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Child , Infant, Newborn , Female , Mutation , Insulin/genetics , Diabetes Mellitus/genetics , Genetic Testing
2.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 97-106, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992577

ABSTRACT

During coronavirus disease 2019 epidemic, the treatment of severe trauma has been impacted. The Consensus on emergency surgery and infection prevention and control for severe trauma patients with 2019 novel corona virus pneumonia was published online on February 12, 2020, providing a strong guidance for the emergency treatment of severe trauma and the self-protection of medical staffs in the early stage of the epidemic. With the Joint Prevention and Control Mechanism of the State Council renaming "novel coronavirus pneumonia" to "novel coronavirus infection" and the infection being managed with measures against class B infectious diseases since January 8, 2023, the consensus published in 2020 is no longer applicable to the emergency treatment of severe trauma in the new stage of epidemic prevention and control. In this context, led by the Chinese Traumatology Association, Chinese Trauma Surgeon Association, Trauma Medicine Branch of Chinese International Exchange and Promotive Association for Medical and Health Care, and Editorial Board of Chinese Journal of Traumatology, the Chinese expert consensus on emergency surgery for severe trauma and infection prevention during coronavirus disease 2019 epidemic ( version 2023) is formulated to ensure the effectiveness and safety in the treatment of severe trauma in the new stage. Based on the policy of the Joint Prevention and Control Mechanism of the State Council and by using evidence-based medical evidence as well as Delphi expert consultation and voting, 16 recommendations are put forward from the four aspects of the related definitions, infection prevention, preoperative assessment and preparation, emergency operation and postoperative management, hoping to provide a reference for severe trauma care in the new stage of the epidemic prevention and control.

3.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1159-1164, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992436

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy and safety of azacytidine (AZA) combined with homoharringtonine (HHT) and low-dose cytarabine (LDAC) in the treatment of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients with 3+ 7 conventional regimen intolerance.Methods:A retrospective analysis was conducted on the clinical characteristics, efficacy, prognosis, and adverse events of 33 AML patients (15 initially diagnosed and 18 relapsed/refractory) admitted to the Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University.Results:Among the 33 AML patients treated with this regimen, the median age was 55 years old, 9 patients had a moderate cytogenetic risk, and 18 patients had a high cytogenetic risk. Among the 33 patients, 3 were lost to follow-up and 1 had incomplete data. Among the remaining 29 patients who received AZA+ HHT+ LDAC treatment, the total complete response (CR) rate was 69.0%(20/29), and the total response rate (ORR) was 79.3%(23/29); The median progression free survival (PFS) was 7.0 months. Among the subgroup analysis, including age, gender, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) score, disease classification, bone marrow progenitor cells, peripheral blood leukocytes, risk stratification, and epigenetic abnormalities, only CR rates and PFS differences were statistically significant among different ECOG scoring groups ( P=0.048; P=0.021). A total of 29 patients underwent 69 AZA+ HHT+ LDAC chemotherapy cycles. Retrospective grading was performed on 69 cycles based on common toxicity criteria for adverse events (CTC AE version 5.0). The most common grade Ⅲ-Ⅳ hematological adverse events were thrombocytopenia (54/69, 78.3%) and granulocytopenia (48/69, 69.6%). Common non hematological adverse events included nausea (19/69, 27.5%), infection (17/69, 24.6%), and hypokalemia (18/69, 26.1%). Conclusions:AZA combined with HHT and LDAC has a good therapeutic effect in the treatment of acute myeloid leukemia, and adverse reaction events are controllable.

4.
Journal of Modern Urology ; (12): 536-540, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006053

ABSTRACT

The 2023 American Society of Clinical Oncology Genitourinary Cancers Symposium unveiled numerous research advances which provide meaningful insights into the selection of treatment regimens of prostate cancer. Precision multi-treatment based on patients’ characteristics has become the predominant approach, including the use of a three-drug combination therapy for metastatic hormone-sensitive prostate cancer, and poly adenosine diphosphate ribose polymerase inhibitor therapy for metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer. Nuclear medicine therapy and radiotherapy are also receiving significant attention. Integrated nuclear medicine diagnosis and therapy show immense potential for non-metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer. Additionally, for localized prostate cancer, stereotactic body radiotherapy is a preferred alternative to surgery. This article sheds light on several key studies presented at the conference, focuses on prostate cancer treatment at different stages, and intends to enhance the therapeutic outcome for prostate cancer patients.

5.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 118-124, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994305

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical and molecular genetic characteristics of patients with maturity-onset diabetes of the young type 2(MODY2).Methods:Clinical data and laboratory results were collected from five MODY2 patients and their family members diagnosed in the Department of Endocrinology, Genetics, and Metabolism of Xi ′an Children′s Hospital in the recent two years. Whole exome sequencing was carried out on every proband to identify potential variants, then the suspected variants were verified with Sanger sequencing in family numbers.Results:Among the 5 probands, except for proband 4 who presented with polydipsia and polyuria, hyperglycemia in the rest of the children was accidentally identified. Urine routine, urinary protein, and blood lipid of the five probands were all normal, and HbA 1C was between 5.96% and 8.15%. Moreover, an important discovery in this study was that proband 5 had insulin resistance(IRS), which was different from previous studies. It was confirmed by genetic analysis that a glucokinase(GCK) gene variant existed in every MODY2 pedigree. There were four GCK variants in this study, including c. 146C>T(p.T49I), c. 1237T>G(p.Y413D), c. 683C>T(p.T228M) and c. 952G>T(p.G318W), among which the C. 1237T>G(P.y413d) and C. 952G>T(P.G318W) had not been reported till now. All probands received lifestyle intervention, and the blood glucose control was relatively stable. Conclusion:There is MODY2 patient complicated with IRS. MODY2 patients can be controlled well by lifestyle interventions. In addition, we discovered two novel variants of GCK, which extend the mutation spectrum of this gene.

6.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 200-203, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994004

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical characteristics, diagnosis and treatment of dermatomyositis with kidney neoplasm.Methods:The data of two patients with dermatomyositis complicated with kidney neoplasm in Tongji Hospital from January to February 2022 were retrospectively analyzed. The first case was a 55-year-old female, who was admitted with the chief complaints of recurrent erythema of upper extremities for 2 months and facial erythema for 1 month. Physical examination: erythema can be seen on upper limbs and face, no tenderness or percussion pain in kidney area. Myositis enzyme profile test showed that anti-Mi-2 antibody and anti-SSA /Ro-52 antibody were positive. Contrast CT showed nodular uneven enhancement in the right kidney with a size of 50 mm×41 mm. The second case was a 58-year-old female, who was admitted with the chief complaints of kidney occupying for a month. Physical examination: flaky erythema on face, no tenderness or percussion pain in kidney area. Myositis enzyme profile test showed that anti-Ro-52 antibody and anti-MDA5 antibody were positive. Contrast CT showed a significantly uneven enhanced mass with a size of about 50 mm×41 mm on left kidney. Both patients were diagnosed with kidney neoplasm before surgery and underwent laparoscopic partial nephrectomy in Tongji Hospital.Results:Both patients received regular oral prednisone after surgery. The pathological presentation of case 1 was papillary renal cell carcinoma, the facial erythema subsided 1 month after surgery, and there was no tumor recurrence for 13 months. The pathological presentation of case 2 was clear cell renal cell carcinoma, facial erythema subsided 2 weeks after surgery, and there was no tumor recurrence for 12 months.Conclusions:The diagnosis of dermatomyositis should be combined with clinical manifestations and laboratory examination, and the possibility of malignant tumor should be excluded due to the high likelihood of concomitant malignancy. For patients with dermatomyositis with kidney neoplasm, the main treatment is still surgery, and supplemented with glucocorticoid therapy.

7.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 176-180, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933188

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the feasibility, safety and short-term effect of the Hood technique in robotic-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP).Methods:The data of 24 patients with localized prostate cancer underwent RARP with Hood technique From June 2020 to March 2021 were retrospectively reviewed. The mean age was 67.8 (57-76) years, and the mean body mass index was 25.17(18.31-32.54)kg/m 2. The mean tPSA value was 18.36(4.21-67.57)ng/ml and the mean biopsy Gleason score was 7.3 (6-8). In term of the clinical T stage, the 24 cases were composed of the T 1c stage in 1 case, T 2a stage in 5 cases, T 2b stage in 4 cases and T 2c stage in 14 cases. During Hood technique, the anterior bladder were limitedly isolated without exposing the outline of pelvis and prostate. Results:All the cases were completed robotically without conversion, transfusion or positive surgical margin. The average robot-assisted operation time was 84.5(63-110) mins. Estimated blood loss was 75.3(20-180) ml. The average time for maintaining the drain was 3.7(3-5) days. The mean postoperative hospital stay was 7.1(4-11) days. The mean catheterization time was 7.3(6-9) days after surgery. 23 patients achieved continence immediately after catheter removal, while 1 patient had continence full-recovery 2 weeks after surgery. The mean surgical Gleason score was 7.9 (6-9). In term of the surgical T stage, the 24 cases were composed of the pT 2a stage in 4 case, T 2b stage in 6 cases, T 2c stage in 14 cases.During 3-12 months’ follow-up, no biochemical recurrence was found. Conclusions:Hood technique were safe and valid in RARP with excellent immediate continence recovery. It facilitated Retzius sparing in a convenient approach with low positive surgical margin rate.

8.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 307-313, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932244

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the risk factors of cement vascular leakage after vertebral augmentation for osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture (OVCF).Methods:A case-control study was conducted to analyze the clinical data of 217 patients with OVCF undergone vertebral augmentation [percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP) or percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP)] in First and Second Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical University from October 2019 to October 2020. There were 79 males and 138 females, at the age range of 58-88 years [(73.1±6.9)years]. According to the occurrence of bone cement vascular leakage, the patients were divided into vascular leakage group ( n=39) and vascular leakage free group ( n=178). The gender, age, bone mineral density, time from injury to operation, anatomical position of injured vertebrae, degree of vertebral compression, integrity of posterior wall, intravertebral fissure sign, vertebrobasilar venous foramen, surgical approach, surgical method, cement injection period, cement injection speed, cement injection volume and cement injection area were recorded. Univariate analysis was used to detect the correlation of those indices with cement vascular leakage after vertebral augmentation. Multivariate Logistic regression analysis was used to identify the independent risk factors for cement vascular leakage after vertebral augmentation. Results:Univariate analysis showed that there was a correlation of cement vascular leakage after vertebral augmentation with time from injury to operation, degree of vertebral compression, integrity of posterior wall, intravertebral fissure sign, vertebrobasilar venous foramen, surgical method, cement injection period, cement injection speed, cement injection volume and cement injection area (all P<0.05), apart from gender, age, bone mineral density, anatomical position of injured vertebrae or surgical approach (all P>0.05). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed intravertebral fissure sign ( OR=7.00, 95% CI 1.57-31.30, P<0.05), vertebrobasilar venous foramen ( OR=7.52, 95% CI 1.94-29.16, P<0.01), PVP ( OR=10.98, 95% CI 2.51-47.94, P<0.01), injection of cement in thinning period ( OR=5.91, 95% CI 1.45-24.15, P<0.05), injection of large volume of cement ( OR=3.60, 95% CI 1.70-7.65, P<0.01) and marginal injection of cement ( OR=24.80, 95% CI 5.28-116.37, P<0.01) were significantly associated with cement vascular leakage after vertebral augmentation for OVCF. Conclusion:Intravertebral fissure sign, vertebrobasilar venous foramen, PVP, injection of cement in thinning period, injection of large volume of cement and marginal injection of cement are independent risk factors for cement vascular leakage after vertebral augmentation for OVCF.

9.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 198-204, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932227

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of teriparatide on residual back pain (RBP) after percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP) for osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture (OVCF).Methods:A retrospective cohort study was used to analyze the clinical data of 90 OVCF patients sustaining RBP after PKP admitted to Second Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical University from September 2015 to March 2019, including 18 males and 72 females, at age of 57-85 years[(68.0±5.9) years]. Teriparatide treatment was applied regularly in 32 patients (teriparatide group) and antiosteoporosis drug was administered routinely in 58 patients (routine treatment group). Visual analogue scale (VAS) and Oswestry disability index (ODI) were compared between the two groups before operation, at 24 hours, 1 month, 3 months, 6 months and 12 months after operation. Anterior vertebral body height (ABH), middle vertebral body height (MBH), kyphosis angle (KA), maintenance rate of anterior vertebral body height (MRABH), maintenance rate of middle vertebral body height (MRMBH) and difference of kyphosis angle (DKA) were measured at 24 hours and 12 months after operation to evaluate the maintenance of vertebral height and incidence of vertebral refracture. Levels of type I collagen carboxy-terminal peptide (β-CTX) and serum N-terminal osteocalcin (N-MID) were measured before operation and at 12 months after operation to evaluate the improvement of bone metabolism. The adverse reactions of teriparatide group were observed.Results:All patients were followed up for 12-36 months[(14.3±0.6)months]. VAS and ODI were decreased gradually with time in both groups (all P<0.01). There were no significant differences in VAS between the two groups before operation and at 24 hours after operation (all P>0.05). Teriparatide group showed VAS of (4.4±0.6)points, (3.2±0.5)points, (2.0±0.5)points, (1.1±0.1)points at 1, 3, 6 and 12 months after operation, significantly lower than those in routine treatment group[(4.9±0.6)points, (4.0±0.6)points, (3.2±0.7)points, (2.7±0.1)points, respectively](all P<0.01). Teriparatide group showed ODI of 26.5±1.3 and 20.6±1.2 at 6 months and 12 months after operation, significantly lower than those in routine treatment group (28.2±1.6, 23.6±1.6) (all P<0.01). There were no significant differences in ODI between the two groups at other time points (all P>0.05). Both groups presented significantly lowered levels of ABH and MBH at 12 months after operation as compared with those at 24 hours after operation (all P<0.01). There were no significant differences in ABH or MBH between the two groups at 24 hours after operation (all P>0.05). ABH, MBH, MRABH and MRMBH in teriparatide group were (1.9±0.2)cm, (1.7±0.2)cm, 0.91±0.02 and 0.92±0.02 at 12 months after operation, significantly higher than those in routine treatment group[(1.7±0.2)cm, (1.6±0.2)cm, 0.86±0.02 and 0.87±0.02](all P<0.01). KA in both groups showed significant increase at 12 months after operation as compared with that at 24 hours after operation (all P<0.01). There was no significant difference in KA between the two groups at 24 hours after operation ( P>0.05). KA in teriparatide group was (7.3±0.7)° at 12 months after operation, significantly lower than (9.5±0.5)° in routine treatment group ( P<0.01). DKA in teriparatide group was (5.3±1.3)° at 12 months after operation, significantly lower than (6.6±1.4)° in routine treatment group ( P<0.01). Incidence of vertebral refracture in teriparatide group was 7% (2/32), significantly lower than 35% (15/58) in routine treatment group ( P<0.05). Level of β-CTX was not significantly different between and within the two groups before operation and at 12 months after operation (all P>0.05). There was no significant difference in N-MID between the two groups before operation ( P>0.05). After treatment for 12 months, level of N-MID in teriparatide group was significantly increased[19.5 (17.6, 20.9)pg/ml]as compared with that before operation[18.2 (14.6, 21.0)pg/ml]( P<0.01), and was significantly higher than that in routine treatment group[17.6 (15.3, 19.9)pg/ml]( P<0.01). Routine treatment group showed no significant difference in level of N-MID before operation and at 12 months after operation ( P>0.05). Two patients in teriparatide group had orthostatic hypotension after treatment. Conclusion:For OVCF patients with RBP after PKP, teriparatide can effectively alleviate pain, improve motor dysfunction, maintain the height of bone cement vertebral body, reduce incidence of vertebral refracture and enhance the activity of osteoblasts, with less adverse reactions.

10.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 699-705, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957957

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinial phenotype and genetic characteristics of a child with cerebral dysgenesis, neuropathy, ichthyosis, and palmoplantar keratoderma (CEDNIK) syndrome and to improve the clinicians′ understanding of this disease.Methods:Clinical data of the child with CEDNIK syndrome diagnosed in Department of Endocrinology, Genetics and Metabolism, Xi′an Children′s Hospital in June 2020 were collected. Whole exome sequencing was carried out to identify the potential variants of SNAP29 gene. Suspected variants were verified by Sanger sequencing of family numbers. The literature about the cases of CEDNIK syndrome were reviewed.Results:The proband is a boy, who was aged 1 year and 4 months, had the manifestations of psychomotor retardation, microcephaly, feeding difficulties, severe malnutrition, recurrent respiratory tract infection, binocular esotropia, sensorineural deafness, cutaneous ichthyosis and keratosis, left cryptorchidism. Brain magnetic resonance imaging indicated congenital dysplasia. Whole exome sequencing identified a homozygous variant of c.383dupT (p.E129Rfs *5) in the SNAP29 gene of the proband, and the heterozygous variation was observed at the same locus in his parents, which conformed to the autosomal recessive inheritance. This mutataion was determined as a pathogenic mutation according to the guidelines of American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics. Literature retrieval showed currently a total of 29 cases of CEDNIK syndrome were reported, containing 8 types of SNAP29 gene mutation. However, there was no Chinese case reported. And the c.383dupT (p.E129Rfs *5) mutation found in this study was a novel one which had not been reported yet. Conclusion:The phenotype of the proband is generally consistent with the CEDNIK syndrome and the novel c.383dupT (p.E129Rfs *5) mutation of SNAP29 gene is the genetic cause.

11.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 887-892, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957630

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinical and genetic characteristics of five patients with familial male-limited precocious puberty(FMPP).Methods:The clinical data, laboratory and imaging results of the five patients with FMPP were collected. Whole exome sequencing was carried out to identify the potential variants. Suspected variants were verified by Sanger sequencing of family numbers.Results:Of the five patients, four were children and one was an adult. All the four children presented to hospital with premature sexual development at age less than 4 years. Serum testosterone was elevated, luteinizing hormone(LH) and follicle stimulating hormone(FSH) basal values were at prepubertal levels, and gonadotropin-releasing hormone(GnRH) stimulation test suggested peripheral precocious puberty. Genetic analysis revealed the mutations of LHCGR genes in all the five patients. Patients 1, 2, 3, and 4 carried the same heterozygous mutation c. 1713G>C(p.M571I), and the patient 5 carried the c. 1741T>C(p.C581R)variation. The four children were treated with anti-androgen preparations and the third-generation aromatase inhibitors, all of which were effective.Conclusion:The c. 1713G>C mutation of LHCGR gene is a novel one which expands the mutation spectrum of LHCGR gene. Combined treatment with bicaluamide and the third generation aromatase inhibitors can improve clinical symptoms and delay epiphyseal closure in children with FMPP.

12.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1283-1291, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957123

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the risk factors of adjacent segment diseases (ASDis) after lumbar fusion, summarize the prevention strategies and provide reference for clinical treatment.Methods:All of 258 patients who underwent lumbar interbody fusion from March 2014 to March 2019 were retrospectively analyzed, including 95 males and 163 females, the age of whom was 61.8±8.4 years (range, 39-77 years). The patients were divided into ASDis group and non-ASDis group according to whether ASDis occurred at the follow-up of 24 months after operation. The patient's individual factors [gender, age, body mass index (BMI), main diagnosis, preoperative paraspinal muscle fatty degree, etc.] and surgical factors (operation type, fixed segment, fusion segment, etc.), sagittal parameters [lumbar lordosis (LL), pelvic incidence (PI), pelvic tilt (PT), sacral slope (SS), PI-LL] were recorded. After univariate analysis of potential risk factors, the factors with P<0.05 were substituted into logistic regression model for multivariate analysis to determine the risk factors of ASDis after lumbar fusion. Results:ASDis occurred in 24 patients after lumbar fusion, with an incidence of 9.3% (24/258); univariate analysis showed that age ≥ 60 years old, complicated with osteoporosis, preoperative fatty degree of paraspinal muscle (GCS grade≥3), PLIF operation, suspension fixation, total laminectomy and multi-segment fusion (≥ 3 segments) were the potential risk factors for ASDis after operation (P<0.05); Gender, education level, partner status, type of work, BMI, obesity (BMI≥24 kg/m 2) , smoking, use of bisphosphonates, concomitant lumbar spinal stenosis, lumbar lordosis angle, pelvic incidence angle, pelvic tilt angle, sacral slope angle, and PI-LL had no significant correlation with ASDis. Logistic regression analysis showed that age ≥ 60 years ( OR=5.63, 95% CI: 1.56, 20.29, P=0.008), preoperative paravertebral muscle fatty GCS ≥ 3 ( OR=4.82, 95% CI: 1.36, 17.13, P=0.015), combined with osteoporosis ( OR=14.04, 95% CI: 2.53, 77.79, P=0.002), PLIF ( OR=9.69, 95% CI: 1.91, 49.03, P=0.001), and multi-segment fixation ( OR=9.36, 95% CI: 1.77, 49.41, P=0.008) were the risk factors for ASDis after lumbar fusion; Incomplete laminectomy ( OR=0.09, 95% CI: 0.02, 0.37, P=0.001) and suspension fixation ( OR=0.16, 95% CI: 0.02, 0.94, P=0.042) were the protective factors of ASDis after lumbar fusion. Conclusion:The patients with age ≥ 60 years old, osteoporosis and preoperative paraspinal muscle fatty degree ≥ 3 grade GCS should be more careful in choosing the surgical methods, and try to choose transforaminal interbody fusion, posterolateral fusion, short segment fusion, decompression with preservation of vertebral lamina, suspension fixation and other surgical methods to reduce the incidence of postoperative ASDis.

13.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 111-125, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929188

ABSTRACT

The Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has spread globally. Although mixed liver impairment has been reported in COVID-19 patients, the association of liver injury caused by specific subtype especially chronic hepatitis B (CHB) with COVID-19 has not been elucidated. In this multi-center, retrospective, and observational cohort study, 109 CHB and 327 non-CHB patients with COVID-19 were propensity score matched at an approximate ratio of 3:1 on the basis of age, sex, and comorbidities. Demographic characteristics, laboratory examinations, disease severity, and clinical outcomes were compared. Furthermore, univariable and multivariable logistic and Cox regression models were used to explore the risk factors for disease severity and mortality, respectively. A higher proportion of CHB patients (30 of 109 (27.52%)) developed into severe status than non-CHB patients (17 of 327 (5.20%)). In addition to previously reported liver impairment markers, such as alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, alkaline phosphatase, and total bilirubin, we identified several novel risk factors including elevated lactate dehydrogenase (⩾ 245 U/L, hazard ratio (HR) = 8.639, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 2.528-29.523; P < 0.001) and coagulation-related biomarker D-dimer (⩾ 0.5 µg/mL, HR = 4.321, 95% CI = 1.443-12.939; P = 0.009) and decreased albumin (< 35 g/L, HR = 0.131, 95% CI = 0.048-0.361; P < 0.001) and albumin/globulin ratio (< 1.5, HR = 0.123, 95% CI = 0.017-0.918; P = 0.041). In conclusion, COVID-19 patients with CHB were more likely to develop into severe illness and die. The risk factors that we identified may be helpful for early clinical surveillance of critical progression.


Subject(s)
Humans , COVID-19 , Cohort Studies , Hepatitis B, Chronic/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
14.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 1233-1236, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922031

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical characteristics and genetic basis of a child with 5α-reductase type 2 deficiency.@*METHODS@#Clinical data of the child was retrospectively analyzed. Targeted capture-next generation sequencing and Sanger sequencing were carried out to detect potential variants.@*RESULTS@#The patient's main features included micropenis and hypospadia. He was found to harbor compound heterozygous c.680G>A (p.R227Q) and c.3G>T (p.M1I) variants of the SRD5A2 gene. Among these, c.680G>A (p.R227Q) was inherited from his father and was a known pathogenic mutation, while c.3G>T (p.M1I) was inherited from his mother and was unreported previously.@*CONCLUSION@#The compound heterozygous variants of the SRD5A2 gene probably underlay the disease in this child, who was eventually diagnosed with 5α-reductase 2 deficiency.


Subject(s)
Child , Female , Humans , Male , 3-Oxo-5-alpha-Steroid 4-Dehydrogenase/genetics , Disorder of Sex Development, 46,XY , Hypospadias , Membrane Proteins/genetics , Mutation , Retrospective Studies , Steroid Metabolism, Inborn Errors , Steroids
15.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 475-479, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911675

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the results of three detection methods, single antigen-bead assay(SAB), Luminex screening assay(LMX), and ELISA assay for detecting HLA antibody, and compares the two screening methods, LMX and ELISA with SAB detection as a reference method to provide a reference for organ transplantation laboratories to choose a reasonable HLA antibody test strategy.Methods:A lot of 124 consecutive samples were tested using SAB, ELISA, and LMX methods at the same time, and analyze the differences of these results. SAB testing was used as a reference method to analyze the sensitivity and specificity of the two screening assays. Chi-square analysis was used to compare the two methods, and P<0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results:Both ELISA and LMX methods showed low sensitivity of 34.4% and 31.3% for HLA class I, and 29.7% and 51.3% for class Ⅱ. Otherwise, the specificity of the ELISA and LMX method was much higher. For class, I both was 98.9%, and for class Ⅱ were 100% and 91.9% respectively. Out of 124 samples, the number of SAB(+ )ELISA(-)LMX(-) results was 17, and SAB(-)ELISA(+ )LMX(+ ) results was zero indicating that there were considerably screening assays probably with missed detection. In the cases of SAB(+ )ELISA(-)LMX(-), the distribution of MFI value of SAB assay ranges from 750 to 7000.Conclusions:Because the sensitivity of the two screening methods is relatively low, there is a greater risk of missed antibody detection in the scheme of testing for specific antibodies after the screening test is positive. This should be paid attention to, especially for patients with a history of sensitization. For negative screening test results, SAB or other assays should be considered to check the result. It could provide more accurate results when SAB which is recognized as higher sensitivity and specificity is directly used as an initial test. At the same time, the MFI value of the SAB test can serve as an indicator to determine whether to add other assays to check the ASB result.

16.
Chinese Journal of Infectious Diseases ; (12): 70-73, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884183

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the status of viral reservoirs in prostate tissue of patients with human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS), and to investigate the effect of highly active anti-retroviral therapy (HAART) on HIV-1 DNA in prostate tissue of HIV/AIDS patients.Methods:Twelve patients with HIV infection and hyperplasia of prostate who required surgical treatment and admitted to Guangzhou Eighth People′s Hospital from July 2017 to October 2019 were included. Blood and prostate specimens of these patients were collected, and HIV-1 RNA in plasma, CD4 + T lymphocyte count in peripheral blood and HIV-1 DNA level in prostate tissue were tested respectively. The independent sample t test or Mann-Whitney U test was used for statistical analysis. Results:Among the 12 patients, the CD4 + T lymphocytes was (519.8±121.5)/μL and HIV-1 DNA in the prostate tissue was 2 602 (365, 10 700) copies/10 6cells in six patients who had not started HAART. The CD4 + T lymphocytes was (182.8±69.7)/μL and the HIV-1 DNA in the prostate tissue was 144 (36, 563) copies/10 6cells in the six patients who underwent HAART for over six months. There were statistically significant differences in CD4 + T lymphocytes and HIV-1 DNA in the prostate tissue between the two groups ( t=-5.889 and Z=-2.082, respectively, both P<0.05). Conclusion:Prostate tissue can be used as an HIV-1 virus repository with or without HAART, and the size of the prostate tissue virus repository can be reduced by HAART after immune reconstitution.

17.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 830-847, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831109

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Chronic stress and related hormones are key in cancer progression. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ) and its agonists was reported that inducing anti-tumor effect. However, the function of PPARγ in pro-tumorigenic effects induced by chronic stress in breast cancer remains unknown. Herein, we have characterized a novel role of PPARγ and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)/fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGF2) signals in breast cancer promoted by chronic stress. @*Materials and Methods@#We performed experiments in vivo and in vitro and used bioinformatics data to evaluate the therapeutic potential of PPARγ in breast cancer promoted by stress. @*Results@#Chronic stress significantly inhibited the PPARγ expression and promoted breast cancer in vivo. VEGF/FGF2-mediated angiogenesis increased in the chronic stress group compared to the control group. PPARγ agonist pioglitazone (PioG) injection offset the pro-tumorigenic effect of chronic stress. Moreover, specific β2-adrenergic receptor (β2R) antagonist ICI11-8551 inhibited the effect of chronic stress. In vitro, norepinephrine (NE) treatment had a similar tendency to chronic stress. The effect of NE was mediated by the β2R/adenylate cyclase signaling pathway and suppressed by PioG. PPARγ suppressed VEGF/FGF2 through reactive oxygen species inhibition. Bioinformatics data confirmed that therewas a lowPPARγ expression in breast invasive carcinoma. Lower PPARγ was associated with a significantly worse survival. @*Conclusion@#β2R activation induced by chronic stress and related hormones promotes growth and VEGF/FGF2-mediated angiogenesis of breast cancer by down-regulating PPARγ. Our findings hint that β receptor and PPARγ as two target molecules and the novel role for their agonists or antagonists as clinical medicine in breast cancer therapy

18.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 1020-1035, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828827

ABSTRACT

Although the tumor suppressor P53 is known to regulate a broad network of signaling pathways, it is still unclear how certain drugs influence these P53 signaling networks. Here, we used a comprehensive single-cell multiomics view of the effects of ginsenosides on cancer cells. Transcriptome and proteome profiling revealed that the antitumor activity of ginsenosides is closely associated with P53 protein. A miRNA-proteome interaction network revealed that P53 controlled the transcription of at least 38 proteins, and proteome-metabolome profiling analysis revealed that P53 regulated proteins involved in nucleotide metabolism, amino acid metabolism and "Warburg effect". The results of integrative multiomics analysis revealed P53 protein as a potential key target that influences the anti-tumor activity of ginsenosides. Furthermore, by applying affinity mass spectrometry (MS) screening and surface plasmon resonance fragment library screening, we confirmed that 20()-protopanaxatriol directly targeted adjacent regions of the P53 DNA-binding pocket and promoted the stability of P53-DNA interactions, which further induced a series of omics changes.

19.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 403-407, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868295

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the feasibility and value of individualized scheme of dose of iodine contrast medium in enhanced abdominal CT imaging based on liver volume (LV) measurement.Methods:The examination data and technical parameters of 64 patients, who underwent multi-phase dynamic enhanced abdominal CT imaging from February to September 2019 at First People's Hospital of Yunnan Province were retrospectively analyzed. The density of liver on CT pre-contrast images and post-contrast images, LV and average iodine content in the liver (AII) of all subjects were measured. The difference of liver density (ΔHU), total iodine dose of contrast agent injected (IM) and total intrahepatic iodine (TII) were calculated. Pearson correlation analysis was performed to evaluate the association between AII and ΔHU, as well as IM and TII. The difference between the injection volume of contrast agent predicted by the formula and the actual injection volume of contrast agent was tested by paired t test. Results:The ΔHU and AII showed highly positive correlation ( r=0.926, P<0.05). The regression equation was Y AII=0.034X ΔHU+0.296. The TII showed significantly positive correlation with the IM ( r=0.759, P<0.05), and the regression equation was Y IM=3.649X TII+16 486.754. With the liver enhancement ΔHU=50 HU as a reference, the individually dose of contrast medium injection could be deducted based on LV, with Y IM=7.225X LV+ 16 486.754. This formula was introduced into all the subjects to calculate the predicted value of contrast agent application, and the calculated injection volume of contrast agent was (64.27± 4.92) ml. Paired t test was conducted to compare the predicted injection volume of contrast agent with the actual injection volume of contrast agent, and the difference was statistically significant ( t= 6.009, P<0.05). Conclusion:The feasibility of calculating individualized scheme of contrast agent based on LV in enhanced abdominal imaging is verified. This method can be used to predict the enhancement level of liver and to reduce the dosage of iodine contrast agent.

20.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 131-137, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869610

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the clinical value of holographic image navigation in urological laparoscopic and robotic surgery.Methods The data of patients were reviewed retrospectively for whom accepted holographic image navigation laparoscopic and robotic surgery from Jan.2019 to Dec.2019 in Beijing United Family Hospital and other 18 medical centers,including 78 cases of renal tumor,2 cases of bladder cancer,2 cases of adrenal gland tumor,1 cases of renal cyst,1 case of prostate cancer,1 case of sweat gland carcinoma with lymph node metastasis,1 case of pelvic metastasis after radical cystectomy.All the patients underwent operations.In the laparoscopic surgery group,there were 27 cases of partial nephrectomy,1 case of radical prostatectomy,2 cases of radical cystectomy and 2 cases of adrenalectomy.In the da Vinci robotic surgery group of 54 cases,there were 51 cases of partial nephrectomy,1 case of retroperitoneal lymph node dissection,1 case of retroperitoneal bilateral renal cyst deroofing and 1 case of resection of pelvic metastasis.There were 41 partial nephrectomy patients with available clinical data for statistic,with a median age of 53.5 years (range 24-76),including 26 males and 15 females.The median R.E.N.A.L score was 7.8 (range 4-11).Before the operation,the engineers established the holographic image based on the contrast CT images and reports.The surgeon applied the holographic image for preoperative planning.During the operation,the navigation was achieved by real time fusing holographic images with the laparoscopic surgery images in the screen.Results All the procedures had been complete uneventfully.The holographic images helped surgeon in understanding the visual three-dimension structure and relation of vessels supplying tumor or resection tissue,lymph nodes and nerves.By manipulating the holographic images extracorporeally,the fused image guide surgeons about location vessel,lymph node and other important structure and then facilitate the delicate dissection.For the 41 cases with available clinical data including 23 cases of robotic-assisted partial nephrectomy and 18 cases of laparoscopic nephrectomy,the median operation time was 140 (range 50-225) min,the median warm ischemia time was 23 (range 14-60) min,the median blood loss was 80(range 5-1 200) ml.In the robotic surgery group,the median operation time was 140 (range 50-215)min,the median warm i schemia time was 21 (range 17-40)min,the median blood loss was 150(range 30-1 200)ml.In the laparoscopic surgery group,the median operation time was 160(range 80-225)min,the median warm ischemia time was 25 (range 14-60)min,the median blood loss was 50 (range 5-1 200) ml.All the patients had no adjacent organ injury during operation.There were 2 cases with Clavien Ⅱ complications.One required transfusion and the other one suffered hematoma post-operation.However,the tumors were located in the renal hilus for these 2 cases and the R.E.N.A.L scores were both 11.Conclusions Holographic image navigation can help location and recognize important anatomic structures during the surgical procedures..This technique will reduce the tissue injury,decrease the complications and improve the success rate of surgery.

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