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1.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 955-960, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910258

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the classification and prevalence of simple congenital coronary artery anomalies (CCAA) in Chinese in a large samples of coronary CT angiography (CCTA), and briefly summarize the CT characteristics of "malignant" anomalies.Methods:The data of patients who had undergone CCTA from July 2009 to January 2017 and were diagnosed as simple CCAA were analyzed retrospectively. CCAA were classified according to the origination, number of orifices and termination, and the prevalence of various CCAA was statistically analyzed. Anomalous origin of coronary artery included the origin of coronary artery from the opposite coronary sinus, the non-coronary sinus, the aorta or around the primary sinus, the pulmonary artery, and left circumflex artery originated from the diagonal branch. Abnormal number of orifices included single coronary artery (SCA), right coronary artery and conus branch arising separately, and left anterior descending branch and circumflex branch arising separately. Abnormal termination was coronary artery fistula (CAF). Anomalous origin of coronary artery from the opposite sinus, anomalous origin of the coronary artery from the pulmonary artery, SCA, and multiple or large CAFs were defined as"malignant"anomalies.Results:Among 165 133 patients, 2 148(1.301%) had coronary anomalies, including 1 302 (0.789%) of origin anomalies, 298 (0.181%) of abnormal number of orifices and 548 (0.332%) of abnormal termination. There were 700 cases (0.424%) with coronary artery rising from the opposite sinus, 179 of which had opening or proximal lumen stenosis due to compression, 7 of which had subendocardial myocardial ischemia or infarction on CCTA without coronary artery disease (CAD). The coronary arteries originated from posterior sinus, the aorta or around the primary sinus were found in 48 cases (0.029%), 531 cases(0.322%), respectively. Coronary artery originating from pulmonary artery was detected in 20 cases (0.012%), all of which were left main trunk originating from pulmonary artery, showed tortuous dilation of coronary arteries. Five cases showed obvious subendocardial myocardial ischemia or infarction without CAD. SCA, right coronary artery and conus branch arising separately, left anterior descending branch and circumflex artery arising separately were detected in 102 (0.062%), 53 (0.032%) and 143 (0.087%) cases respectively. Only 1 of 102 cases with SCA showed myocardial ischemia without CAD. A total of 548 cases (0.332%) were diagnosed as CAF, of which the coronary-pulmonary fistula was most common with a highest prevalence of 0.277% (458 cases). Coronary artery-atrial fistula and coronary artery-ventricular fistula were detected in 22 (0.013%) and 60 (0.036%) cases. There were 6 cases (0.004%) of coronary artery-coronary venous fistula and 2 cases (0.001%) of coronary artery-superior vena cava fistula.Conclusions:The occurrence of CCAA is not uncommon, among which anomalous origin of coronary artery is the most common, and special attention should be paid to "malignant"anomalies.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886503

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To analyze the correlation between the gray value of epicardial fat and the prognosis of patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) treated by thoracoscopic radiofrequency ablation. Methods    The clinical data of 97 patients, including 75 males and 22 females with an average age of 57.8±9.4 years, who underwent thoracoscopic radiofrequency ablation in Fuwai Hospital from 2017 to 2018 were analyzed retrospectively. The left atrial fat volume and average gray scale were calculated by left atrial enhanced CT. According to the average gray scale of left atrial fat tissue, the patients were divided into three groups: a high gray scale group, a medium gray scale group and a low gray scale group. The patients were followed up at 3, 6 and 12 months after operation. The end point of follow-up was the recovery rate of sinus rhythm. Survival analysis was used to analyze the correlation between CT features of epicardial fat enhancement and prognosis. Results    After adjustment of body mass index, body surface area, gender and left atrial end diastolic diameter, regression analysis showed that the fat gray of left atrial enhanced CT was correlated with the type of AF (OR=0.30, 95%CI 0.12-0.79, P=0.014). Cox regression analysis showed that the fat gray value of left atrial CT predicted the recurrence of AF after thoracoscopic radiofrequency ablation (OR=0.92, 95%CI 0.85-0.99). The Kaplan-Meier curve showed significant difference in the long-term recurrence rate of AF among the three groups (P=0.011). The lower left atrial fat enhanced CT gray scale was, the higher long-term recurrence rate of AF was. Conclusion    The gray value of left atrial fat enhanced CT can effectively predict the recurrence of AF after radiofrequency ablation in thoracoscopic surgery.

3.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 467-473, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868296

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the quantitative characteristics and vulnerable features on coronary CT angiography (CCTA) of coronary atherosclerotic plaques according to age-based classification.Methods:A total of 2 660 consecutive out-patient patients after screening for exclusion criteria were enrolled in a single-center prospective cohort study from January to December of 2017 in Fuwai Hospital. They were all suspected with coronary heart disease and referred for CCTA examinations. There were 5 078 main branches of coronary artery with atherosclerosis plaque. 2 660 patients and 5 078 branches were individually divided into five groups according to their age: ≤40, 41-50, 51-60, 61-70, >70-year-old group. The plaque burden and volume percentage of fibrous, lipid and calcified components of plaques were measured, as well as the incidence of CT vulnerable signs. Chi-square test and rank sum test were used to compare the differences of baseline data and the distribution characteristics of the above imaging parameters in different age groups. The correlation between routine risk factors of coronary heart disease and vulnerable plaque of CT was also analyzed by logistic regression.Results:The characteristics of each plaque component of age-based groups were different. The main component of coronary plaques in all age groups was fibrous and the proportion was 83.33% (75.42%, 91.60%), 81.51% (74.44%, 89.07%), 81.85% (74.88%, 88.88%), 82.33% (74.03%, 89.20%),80.99% (73.43%, 88.19%) (χ 2=9.775, P=0.044) respectively. The calcification volume percentage of plaque increased significantly with aging: 1.10% (0, 5.53%),1.19% (0, 7.58%), 2.29% (0, 10.45%), 3.97% (0, 14.25%), 6.84% (0.40%, 17.55%) (χ 2=146.719, P<0.001); the lipid volume percentage first increased and then decreased with aging, and the value was highest in 40-50-year-old group: 10.94% (5.71%, 19.31%), 12.18% (5.81%, 19.56%), 10.48% (4.83%, 17.14%), 8.14% (3.23%, 15.11%), 7.20% (2.44%, 13.68%) (χ 2=137.470, P<0.001).The results of CT vulnerable characteristics of plaques showed that the incidence of positive remodeling and low-attenuation plaque sign and also the percentage of vulnerable plaque identified by CT all first increased and then decreased, also reached the maximum at 41-50 years old (73.9%, 91.9%, 73.4%) (χ 2=8.678, 3.970, 21.577; P=0.07, P<0.001, P<0.001). Age and sex (male) were independent risk factors for vulnerable plaques identified by CT according to logistic regression analysis. The proportion of CT vulnerable plaques decreased with age (regression coefficient was-0.08). However, the percentage of CT vulnerable plaque in male was higher than that in female patients (regression coefficient was 0.188). Conclusions:The plaque burden increased with age. The lipid volume percentage and incidence of vulnerable plaques identified by CT both increased firstly and then decreased with the highest values in 40-50-year-old group.

4.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 198-202, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868281

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore risk factors of death in type A intramural hematoma (IMH) patients with conservative therapy and provide important information for clinical risks stratification and decisions-making.Methods:This retrospectively study enrolled 130 patients diagnosed with type A IMH in the first CT examination at Fuwai Hospital of Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and only received conservative therapy between September 2009 and June 2018. Baseline clinical and CT characteristics were recorded. All patients enrolled were followed up. The endpoint was aortic disease-related death, patients were divided into endpoint group and non-endpoint group according to whether or not an endpoint event occurs. Difference between two groups of normally distributed continuous variables, non-normally distributed continuous variables and categorical variables were tested by independent sample t test, Mann-Whitney U test and chi-square test or Fisher′s exact test, respectively. Independent risk factors related to outcomes were assessed with Cox regression analysis and survival analysis. Results:In baseline CT data, the mean value of the maximum aortic diameter (MAD) was (49.2±6.9) mm, and the median value of the maximum hematoma thickness (MTH) was 11.0 (8.5, 13.2) mm. There were 56 and 30 patients with ulcer-like projection (ULP) and intramural blood pool (IBP), respectively, which including 36 patients with ULP of ascending aorta, 51 patients with pericardial effusion and 50 patients with pleural effusion. During a median follow-up time of 1 050 (242, 1 949) days, 26 patients experienced aortic disease-related death. Compared with non-endpoint group patients, patients who experienced aortic disease-related death showed older age and larger MAD( t=2.363, 3.640, P=0.020,<0.001), higher proportion of aortic atherosclerosis, ULP and pericardial effusion (χ 2=5.275, 6.596, 9.325, P=0.022, 0.010, 0.002).In Cox regression multivariate analysis shows that aortic atherosclerosis [hazard ratio (HR)=3.48, P=0.043], ULP (HR=2.66, P=0.019) and pericardial effusion (HR=2.49, P=0.030) were independent risk factors for aortic disease-related death. Conclusions:Aortic atherosclerosis, ULP and pericardial effusion are independent predictors of subsequent aortic disease-related death for type A IMH patients with conservative therapy, identifying these risk factors is helpful for further risk stratification and decisions-making.

5.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 492-496, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754945

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the feasibility of using a specific iodine delivery rate in coronary computed tomography angiography(CCTA) to obtain high and uniform image quality in patients with different body weight, according to the latest guideline of contrast medium injection protocol. Methods A total of 159 consecutive patients who had undergone CCTA for ruling out coronary heart disease were prospectively enrolled and divided into five subgroups according to body weight: ≤60, 60-70, 70-80, 80-90,>90 kg, the former three subgroups were scanned using 100 kV tube voltage, the latter two subgroups were scanned using 120 kV tube voltage. All patients were injected with the contrast agent of which concentration was 370 mgI/ml, using a specific iodine delivery rate (1.0, 1.2, 1.4, 2.0 and 2.2 mgI/s, respectively). The Shapiro?Wilk test was performed to assess the normality of data distribution, including the CT attenuations in the aortic root, proximal left anterior descending artery, the distal segments of the right coronary artery, signal?to?noise ratio (SNR), contrast?to?noise ratio (CNR) and subjective image quality scores. Parameters accorded with normal distribution were compared by analysis of variance (ANOVA). Results There were no statistical differences in the CT attenuations (HU) of the aortic root (368.7±32.4, 356.7±30.8, 366.0±34.6, 360.7±25.0, 352.3±28.4, respectively, F=1.541, P=0.19); This was also true for the proximal segments of the left anterior descending arteries and the distal segments of right coronary arteries (all P>0.05). Also, there were no statistical differences of SD, CNR and SNR in neither the proximal part of the left anterior descending coronary arteries nor the distal right coronary arteries in these five groups (all P>0.05); There were no statistical differences in subjective scores of each group (3.91±0.23, 3.83±0.30, 3.94± 0.21, 3.90±0.27, 3.95±0.20, respectively, F=1.202, P=0.36). Conclusion For patients undergoing CCTA with different body weights, using guideline introduced iodine delivery rate injection protocol of contrast medium could achieve consistent vascular enhancement with satisfied image quality. This protocol is promising to make personalized and standardized CCTA possibly.

6.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 268-273, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754919

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the feasibility, image quality, and safety of low?tube?voltage, low iodine load iso?osmolar contrast comprehensive cardiac and aortoiliac CT angiography (CTA) for transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) planning. Methods Ninety?eight consecutive TAVR candidates prospectively underwent combined contrast?enhanced CTA of the aortic root complex and vascular access route. Patients were assigned to group A (2nd generation dual?source CT, 100 kV, contrast 270 mgI/ml iodixanol) or group B (2nd generation dual?source CT, 120 kV, contrast 370 mgI/ml). Mean vascular attenuation, noise, signal?to?noise ratio (SNR), and contrast?to?noise ratio (CNR) of aorta including aortic root, aortic arch, descending aorta at level of diaphragm, abdominal aorta at level of renal artery and femoral artery were compared. Patient creatinine levels before the examination of CTA and during follow?up (24—48 h) were measured. Results The image quality score of aortic root and whole aorta was (4.2±0.7) and (4.3±0.4) respectively in experimental group, (4.3±0.6) and (4.3±0.3) in control group. No significant difference in subjective image quality score between two groups including aortic root image and whole aorta image (t=-0.130,-0.155,P=0.694, 0.822). The image noise of aortic root and femoral artery were higher in experimental group than that in control group (P<0.05). Radiation dose in experimental group was higher than that in control group [(6.1 ± 0.4) vs. (8.0 ± 0.4) mSv, t=-9.253, P=0.001]. There were no significant changes in creatinine levels among groups during the follow?up. Conclusion TAVR candidates can be safely and effectively evaluated by a comprehensive CTA protocol with low iodine load iso?osmolar contrast using low?tube?voltage acquisition.

7.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 431-435, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707953

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the possibility of showing coronary bio-degradable stent(BDS) and luminal stenosis by using coronary computed tomography angiography(CCTA). Methods A total of 27 consecutive patients who had undergone CCTA follow-up for BDS implantation were enrolled from January to June of 2015. The duration between CCTA and coronary BDS implantation was 1 year. The patients' age were(54 ± 7)years in average. There were 18 male and 9 female patients. Of those patients, 18 BDS were implanted in left anterior descending coronary artery, and 9 in right coronary artery. Quantitative measurement of luminal stenosis, average areas of noncalcified and calcified plaque in proximal segment of stent (5 mm proximal to the stent), intra-stent, and distal segment of stent (5 mm distal to the stent) were performed and compared, using Kruskal Wallis as well as Mann-Whitney U tests. Results The mean length of BDS was (16.1 ± 4.4)mm. Coronary diameter stenosis (%) of the proximal segment, intra-stent and distal segment to BDS were 14.4%(11.5%, 23.1%), 23.4%(17.4%, 27.4%), and 16.4%(12.7%, 24.1%), respectively(H=10.17,P<0.05). The mean areas of noncalcified plaques were 6.6 (4.8, 8.4), 7.0 (5.4, 9.3) and 5.5 (4.1, 7.6) mm2, respectively in the segments of proximal, intra and distal to the BDS. The mean areas of calcified plaques were 0.5 (0, 1.5), 0.1 (0, 0.8) and 0.1 (0, 0.2) mm2, respectively, whereas no significant differences were found (P>0.05). Conclusion CCTA could be used to assess coronary bio-degradable stent and luminal stenosis without affection of mental artifact. Intra-stent restenosis was more frequently observed than proximal and distal segments of the BDS.calcified plaques were 0.5 (0, 1.5), 0.1 (0, 0.8) and 0.1 (0, 0.2) mm2, respectively, whereas no significant differences were found (P>0.05). Conclusion CCTA could be used to assess coronary bio-degradable stent and luminal stenosis without affection of mental artifact. Intra-stent restenosis was more frequently observed than proximal and distal segments of the BDS.

8.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 246-250, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-515378

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess effects of stress dynamic CT myocardial perfusion imaging (CT-MPI) combined with coronary CT angiography (CCTA) on the diagnosis of myocardial perfusion defects in coronary artery disease (CAD). Methods Patients with CAD diagnosed by CCTA underwent ATP stress CT-MPI examination. Single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) myocardial perfusion imaging (SPECT-MPI) was performed within one week and set as the reference standard. CT-MPI results were qualitatively analyzed, and myocardial blood flow (MBF), myocardial blood volume (MBV) as well as time to peak (TTP) were quantified according to CT-MPI. Effects of CCTA, CT-MPI, and CT-MPI combined with CCTA on predicting myocardial perfusion defects were assessed in comparison with NMPI. Results Thirty patients [(54.8±8.4)years] were enrolled in our study, 20 were men (68%). MBF [(79.3±18.0) versus (135.1± 35.2) ml·100 ml-1·min-1] and MBV [(8.9±2.9) versus (13.8±8.9) ml/100 ml] were significantly decreased in hypoperfused segments compared with normal segments, while TTP was increased in hypoperfused segments [(13.9 ± 2.5)s] compared with normal segments [(9.1 ± 2.1)s] (t=0.302, 0.866 and 0.024 respectively, all P values<0.01). The sensitivity, specificity of CT-MPI for identifying segments with perfusion defects were 91.3%(147/161), 84.6%(281/332), respectively. On a per-vessel basis, the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve for predicting myocardial perfusion defects were 0.635(95%CI:0.517—0.753) for CCTA, 0.709(95%CI:0.599—0.819)for CT-MPI, and 0.837(95%CI:0.749—0.925)for CT-MPI combined with CCTA, respectively. Conclusions The performance of stress dynamic CT-MPI in the diagnosis of myocardial perfusion defects in CAD was good. One-stop examination of CT-MPI combined with CCTA improves the diagnostic accuracy for identifying flow-obstructing stenosis.

9.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 491-495, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-808839

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To compare the characteristics of aortic valve dysfunction and ascending aorta dimension in patients with different bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) morphology.@*Methods@#A total of 197 patients who underwent aortic valve replacement between April 2014 and March 2015 and were diagnosed with BAV by pathology were included, and their clinical data were retrospectively analyzed. Patients were divided into raphe+ group(109 cases) and raphe- group(88 cases) according to the presence or absence of raphe, and L-R group(fusion of left and right cusp, 125 cases) and L/R-N group(fusion of left or right and noncoronary cusp, 72 cases) according to fusion type of the cusps. The characteristics of aortic valve dysfunction and ascending aorta dimension in patients with different BAV morphology were compared.@*Results@#(1) Aortic stenosis incidence was lower in raphe+ group than in raphe- group(22.9%(25/109) vs. 69.3%(61/88), P<0.001). Aortic regurgitation incidence was higher in raphe+ group than in raphe- group (61.5%(67/109) vs. 22.7%(20/88), P<0.001). Incidence of type 1 of aortic root dilation was higher in raphe+ group than in raphe- group (23.9%(26/109)vs.10.2%(9/88), P=0.024). (2) Aortic stenosis incidence was lower in L-R group than in L/R-N group(29.6%(37/125) vs. 68.1%(49/72), P<0.001). Aortic regurgitation incidence was higher in L-R group than in L/R-N group (59.2%(74/125) vs. 18.1%(13/72), P<0.001). Incidence of type 3 of aortic root dilation was lower in L-R group than in L/R-N group(10.4%(13/125) vs. 37.5%(27/72), P=0.006). (3) Aortic stenosis incidence was lower in L-R patients than in L/R-N patients(15.1%(13/86)vs. 52.2%(12/23), P=0.001), and aortic regurgitation incidence was higher in L-R patients than in L/R-N patients in raphe+ group(73.3%(63/86)vs. 17.4%(4/23), P<0.001).@*Conclusion@#There is significant difference in the type of valvular dysfunction and ascending aorta dilatation in patients with different morphological characteristics of BAV.

10.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 234-238, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-328783

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the feasibility of using lower iodine concentration (270 mgI/ml) contrast medium, lower X-ray tube voltage (100 kVp) and iterative reconstruction (IR) to reduce both iodine load and radiation dose but keep the image quality of coronary CT angiography (CCTA).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 80 consecutive patients with suspected coronary artery disease were prospectively assigned to one of two groups via computer central system from January to May 2013. The control group (n = 40) was scanned using dual-source CCTA protocols of 120 kV, 370 mgI/ml Iopromide and filtered back projection reconstruction with a vascular algorithm (B26f). The study group (n = 40) was scanned using 100 kV, 270 mgI/ml Iodixanol and sinogram affirmed iterative reconstruction with a vascular algorithm (I26f). Other scan parameters and contrast injection protocol were similar between the two groups. Attenuation in the ascending aorta and coronary arteries along with image noise were measured. Images were reconstructed, measured and graded, and iodine load and effective radiation dose were calculated.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The body mass index ((25.3 ± 3.0) kg/m² vs. (25.4 ± 3.0)kg/m², P = 0.852), image quality scores (4.70 ± 0.52 vs. 4.63 ± 0.59, P = 0.545), mean signal-to-noise ratios (22.2 ± 5.5 vs. 23.6 ± 5.8, P = 0.277), and contrast-to-noise ratios (35.6 ± 17.6 vs. 41.1 ± 17.6, P = 0.163) were similar between the control group and study group. Mean iodine loads were significantly reduced in the study group ((18.49 ± 0.75)g) compared to control group ((25.27 ± 0.94)g), P< 0.001). Mean effective radiation doses were also significantly reduced in the study group ((2.31 ± 0.73) mSv) compared to that in control group ((3.52 ± 1.16) mSv), P< 0.001).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Use of low X-ray tube voltage and iterative reconstruction allows lower iodine load and effective radiation dose application at CCTA without image quality reduction.</p>


Subject(s)
Algorithms , Aorta , Body Mass Index , Contrast Media , Coronary Angiography , Coronary Artery Disease , Feasibility Studies , Fluoroscopy , Humans , Injections, Intravenous , Iodine , Iohexol , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Triiodobenzoic Acids
11.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 790-795, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-442666

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate two kinds of practical CT three-dimensional volumetric measurement techniques in assessing atrial septal defects (ASDs) for transcatheter device closure.Methods Retrospective assessment of 50 consecutive patients who underwent ASD closure was conducted.Cardiac CT was performed in them before planned transcatheter ASD closure and postoperative chest radiograph was performed in both posteroanterior and lateral view.Coronary CT angiography was made for the detection of coronary artery disease,and three-dimensional reconstruction of ASD was conducted for determination of the defect size in the GE-workstation.Two kinds of practical CT three-dimensional volumetric measurement techniques,one named CT virtual endoscopy assisted volumetric measurement (CTVE) and another called axial sequence assisted volumetric measurement(CTAS),were used to calculate the major axis and the minor axis of the ASD respectively.Thus,the dimensions of the Equivalent Circle were derived,with circunference and area equal to the elliptic ASD according to the formulation (D =√b4/a2 + a2-b2).The ASDs occluder (ASO) dimension was measured in the lateral chest radiograph,and this postoperative occluder-waist size (POS) value was regarded as the gold standard for the measurement of ASD.The results were compared between CTVE and CTAS,and the correlations were evaluated between them and the gold standard.Results The differences in the major dimensions (-9.05 mm,t =-6.60,P < 0.05),minor dimensions (-4.86 mm,t =-4.39,P < 0.05) and Equivalent circle dimensions (-7.65 mm,t =-6.40,P < 0.05) of ASD between CTAS and CTVE were statistically significant.Though the CTAS cannot provide the en face views of ASDs,the Equivalent Circle dimensions measured by CTAS(22.48 ± 5.59) mm was correlated well with POS (27.07 ± 6.83)mm (Y =1.14X + 1.39,r =0.94,P < 0.01),and a good correlation was found between this Equivalent Circle dimensions and ASO size (Y =1.02X + 6.84,R2 =0.78,r =0.88,P < 0.05).The correlation between the Equivalent Circle dimensions measured by using CTVE (30.13 ± 9.27) mm and POS was poor (Y =0.30X + 17.94,r =0.41,P < 0.01),though it can provide the en face views of ASDs.Conclusion CTVE and CTAS are two complementary techniques of assessing ASDs for transcatheter device closure.

12.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 104-109, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-424521

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the intra- and interobserver repeatability of coronary artery disease (CAD) diagnosis based on invasive coronary angiography (ICA) and CT coronary angiography (CTCA).Methods Two readers with comparable experience ( over 10 years) independently evaluated ICA results of 42 consecutive patients with a blind method. After 30 days,one of them reviewed the same patients again.Another two comparable-experience (over 10 years) readers evaluated the results of CTCA (prospectively ECG-triggering) from the same 42 patients in the same way.The inter-reader and intra-reader repeatability of ICA and CTCA were analyzed by performing Kappa test and calculating the percentage of the segments with agreement on stenotic degree.Using ICA as reference,the accuracy of CTCA in diagnosing CAD was studied by comparing the area under ROC. Results The Kappa between readers for ICA and CTCA were 0.91 and 0.81.Intra-reader Kappa were 0.92 and 0.83 respectively (x2 =509.4 and 432.5,all P <0.01 ).The percentage of the segments with agreement between readers on the degree of stenosis were 80.8% (494/611) in ICA and 75.2% (469/624) in CTCA ( x2 =2.75,P =0.10),and within the same reader,86.9% (531/611)in ICA and 81.9% (511/624) in CTCA(x2 =3.76,P =0.053).With≥ 50%narrowing as a CAD diagnosis criterion,the agreement rates for two readers were 96.6% (590/611 ) in ICA and 94.4% (589/624) in CTCA( x2 =3.36,P =0.07),and for the same reader,97.4% (595/611) in ICA,95.4% (595/624) in CTCA ( x2 =3.62,P =0.06).Using ICA as reference,two readers of CTCA results achieved a sensitivity and specificity of 84.9% (530/624)and 98.1% (612/624).The area under ROC was 0.94 (95% CI 0.91-0.97).Conclusions Both ICA and CTCA demonstrate good repeatability in diagnosing CAD.The repeatability of ICA is superior to that of CTCA.A certain discrepancy exists in two readings from the same reader or two readers.

13.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 18-21, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-384761

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the radiation dose from enhanced dual-source computed Tomography(DSCT) scan on children with congenital heart disease(CHD). Methods Seventy children with CHD, age from 1 month to 8 years old, were scanned with enhanced DSCT. Children were divided by age into < 1 year old group, 1-5 years old group, > 5 years old group. The differences among three groups were tested by F test. Then, the SNK test was used to compare the difference between each group. Multiple linear regression analysis was used to test the relationship of dose length product (DLP) with the age,weight, voltage, current, pitch and scan sheet. Results The average value of DLP was (144.46 ±test showed statistical differences of DLP between < 1 year old group and 1-5 years old group, and between <1 year old group and >5 years old group(q =5.21,6.52,P =0.009,0.004). The difference of DLP between 1-5 years old group and > 5 years old group did not reach significant ( q = 0.28, P = 0.48 ). The differences of ED was not statistically significant among the three groups [< 1 year 3.20 mSv, 1-5 years (5.17 ± 1.98 ) mSv, > 5 years ( 3.74 ± 1.33 ) mSv, F = 0.54, P = 0.59]. DLP was positively correlated with age (4.3 years,r = 0.541 86, P = 0.0008 ), weight ( 12.1 kg, r = 0.563 71, P = 0.0004 ), voltage [(95.48±6.99) kV,r =0.632 69, P<0.01], current [(138.55±40.67) mA,r =0.796 08, P<0.0001] and scan sheet (236.10 ±46.51 ,r = 0.721 92, P < 0.01 ). DLP was negative correlated with pitch (0.48 ± 0.03,r = - 0.466 93, P = 0.0047 ). Conclusion Higher DLP was observed in children over 1 year old under enhanced DSCT scan, but ED was not statistically significant among the three groups due to the higher K value in the children under 1 year old.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-419969

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the utility of MMP9,MPO and sCD40L in detection of the character of coronary artery plaque.Methods From April 2008 to January 2010,118 patients from outpatient of Fu Wai Hospital with chest pain were enrolled.All of them underwent 64 Multiple-detector row spiral computer tomography (64-MDCT),the CT value < 130 Hu patients were enrolled in non-calcified plaque group (71 cases),CT value ≥ 130 Hu patients were enrolled in the calcified plaque group (47 cases).Ninty healthy volunteers were selected as the control group.Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to detect the levels of serum markers,including MMP9,MPO and sCD40L.Levels of MMP9,MPO and sCD40L of each group were compared.ROC curve was used to evaluate the sensitivity and specificity of the markers in diagnosis of non-calcified plaque.Results MMP9,MPO and sCD40L levels of non-calcified were ( 762.25 ± 368.71 ),[ 844.10 (582.00 - 1220.70) ],(9.37 ± 3.15) μg/L,higher than the healthy control group (342.70 ± 178.53),[426.35 ( 283.20 - 592.00) ],(6.55 ± 2.96) μg/L and calcified plaque group ( 483.12 ± 219.09 ),[ 469.00 ( 302.45 - 723.55) ],( 7.24 ± 2.86) μg/L The difference was statistically significant ( F =42.47,H =50.28,F =17.94,all P < 0.01 ). Areas of MMP9,MPO and sCD40L under the ROC curve to predict non-calcified plaque were 0.854,0.792,0.751 respectively,when the identification threshold for non-calcified plaque were 510.13,537.82,7.05 μg/L respectively,the diagnostic sensitivity was 80%,80%,80% respectively,and specificity was 80%,67% and 55% respectively.Conclusion The serum MMP9,MPO and sCD40L levels can help to determine the character of coronary plaque.

15.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 485-491, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-402637

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the correlation between morphological characteristics of coronary artery calcified plaques and luminal stenosis of local coronary artery segments with 64-slice computed tomography.Methods One hundred and eleven patients who had undergone 64-slice computed tomographic coronary angiography(CTCA)and conventional coronary angiography(CAG)were retrospectively analyzed.The calcified plaques were classified as punctate,nodular,strip-like and nubbly in long-axis view of coronary artery lumen,and were classified as crescent,semilunar,round moon and circinate in short-axis view.The morphologic characteristics of these calcified plaques on CTCA were retrospectively analyzed and compared with luminal stenosis of CAG results.Results Among 528 calcified coronary segments which were analyzed in 111 patients,there were 383(72.5%)punctate calcified plaque segments and 145(27.5%)of non-punctate plaques.There were 34(23.4%,34/145)non-punctate calcified plaques which caused severe stenosis(≥75%),including 4(11.8%)nodular,8(23.5%)stripe-like and 22(64.7%)nubbly calcified plaques on the long-axis view,and 0(0.0%)cresent,8(23.5%)semilunar,18(52.9%)round moon and 8(23.5%)circinate calcified plaques on the short-axis view.The ratios of different morphological coronary artery calcifications which caused severe stenoses were significantly different with each other(all P<0.01).Conclusion Different figures of coronary artery calcified plaques demonstrate different degrees of stenoses of local coronary artery lumen.Severe stenoses were mostly caused by nubbly calcified plaque on long-axis view,round moon and circinate calcified plaque on short-axis view.

16.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 48-52, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-391481

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the image quality of coronary arteries by dual-source computed tomography (DSCT) in children with congenital heart disease(CHD). Methods Image quality of coronary arteries were scored by two radiologists with an ordinal grading system. Score 3 or 4 was considered to be good image quality and diagnostic. Score differences among 3 groups of various baseline heart rate levels, 3 groups of various age levels and 4 coronary branches were analyzed by using ANOVA. Multiple linear regression analysis was used to test the effects of age, heart rate, tube voltage, tube current, pitch, contrast volume, contrast injection rate on the coronary image scores. Results A total of 72 consecutive patients were enrolled. 71.2% (205/288) of coronary artery branches was good enough for diagnosis. Image quality of left main coronary artery (LM, score 3.64±0.49), left anterior descending (LAD, score 2.97±0.40), right coronary artery (RCA, score of 2.82±0.70), left circumflex (LCX, score 2.76±0.73) were in a descending order (F=29.00, P<0.01). Image scores of age groups of 0--1 years old (2.80±0.65), >1--3 years old (2.81±0.74), >3--14 years old (3.58±0.52) were in an ascending order (F= 20.16,P<0.01). Image scores of heart rate groups of<100 bpm (3.54±0.56),100--150 bpm (2.86± 0.70) and >150 bpm (2.81±0.63) were in a descending order (F=16.72, P<0.01). Multiple linearregression analysis demonstrated that multiple impact factors affected image quality of LM, LAD, LCX and RCA. Age(r=0.013 ,P<0.01)and contrast volume(r=0.292, P<0.01)had positive correlation with LM score. Age(r=0.509, P<0.01) and voltage (r=0.292, P=0.011) had positive correlation with LAD score. Heart rate(r= -0.179, P<0.05) had negative correlation with LAD score. Age (r=0.063, P< 0.01) had negative correlation with LCX score. Age (r=0.486,P<0.01) and voltage (r=0.220, P<0.05) had positive correlation with RCA score. Conclusions Dual-source CT could clearly shows coronary arteries of children with CHD over the age of 3 or with heart rate less than 100 bpm. Limitations of Dual-source CT coronary angiography for CHD children included young age and fast heart rate.

17.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 1094-1099, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-386731

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the value of MSCT, MRI and SPECT in detecting acute myocardial ischemia in Chinese mini-swine model. Methods A total of six male mini-pigs were recruited with a mean body weight of (21.6 ± 1.2) kg. All pigs were scanned on MSCT before the ligation of distal segment of Left anterior descending artery. Then, MSCT was rescanned every 2 h from ligation till 8 h latter.MRI, SPECT and the last MSCT scan were performed within 24 h one by one. Finally pathological examination was carried out right after the pig killed. Results One pig died during operation, the other 5 finished all the examinations. The pathological staining showed the same areas of myocardial infarction in the left ventricular anterior wall with the all the imaging findings, including low perfusion region of MSCT arterial phase at 2-24 h, low perfusion region of SPECT at 24 h and low perfusion region of MRI first pass phase at 24 h. Three of 5 pigs showed enhanced edge of low perfusion region on MSCT delayed scan at 4-8 h. The mean CT values in the region with reduced first-pass perfusion were 75.9,36.4, 35. 2,37. 8,37.4,33.3 HU on MDCT image at baseline, 2-8 h after operation and within 24 h after operation, respectively,and there were statistically significant difference of CT values ( F = 12. 341, P <0. 01 ) between preoperative and all postoperative MSCT scan. There were no statistically significant difference (F = 2. 278, P = 0. 792)among all postoperative MSCT scan. At baseline, 2-8 h after operation and within 24 h, the average volumes of stroke volume(SV)were 21.7,11.9,10.3,11.4,12. 3,12.6 ml, respectively, while the average volume of end-systolic volume( ESV)were 15.2,23.4,25.0,24. 4,25.3,22. 8 ml,respectively. The average volume of end-diastolic volume ( EDV ) at these time point were 37. 0,35.4,35.0,35.7,37. 6,37.5 ml,respectively and the average percentage of ejection fraction (EF) were 58.9% ,33.8% ,29. 0%, 31.9%,32.6% ,33.5% ,respectively. SV(F =22. 349, P<0.01) ,ESV (F=8. 810, P<0.01) ,EF(F =27. 240,P < 0. 01 ) were all significantly different among all postoperative MSCT scan except EDV ( F = 2. 339, P =0. 079). Infarct size, which was defined as the proportion of the area of infarction to that of the entire heart,were (39.4 ±12.6)% for MSCT,(37.2 ± 10.0)% for MRI, (35.9 ±9.6)% for TTC, respectively.There were no significant differences of infarct size between TTC and MSCT (t =0. 612, P =0. 574), TTC and MRI (t=0.820, P=0.458), MSCTand MR (t=0. 425 ,P =0. 692 ). Conclusions MSCT,MRI and SPECT were all able to be used to detect the myocardial infarction in acute myocardial ischemia model The infarct size defined on MSCT, MRI and pathology were consistent. The density of ischemic myocardium and cardiac function did not change over the time within 24 h right after infarction.

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