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China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 524-528, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013320


{L-End}Objective To investigate the effect and mechanism of low dose metformin in delaying pulmonary fibrosis in silicosis mice. {L-End}Methods The specific pathogen free C57BL/6 male mice were randomly divided into four groups,with six mice in each group. Mice in the silicosis model group and the metformin intervention group were given 20 μL of a mass concentration of 250 g/L silica suspension, and mice in the blank control group and the drug control group were given 20 μL of 0.9% sodium chloride solution, using tracheal exposure method. After 72.0 hours of dust exposure, the mice of drug control group and metformin intervention group were intraperitoneally injected with metformin at a dose of 65 mg/kg body mass, while the mice in the blank control group and the silicosis model group were given 0.9% sodium chloride solution at the same volume, once every other day for 28 days. After the treatment, histopathological change of the lungs was observed, lung organ coefficient was calculated, degree of pulmonary fibrosis was evaluated with Ashcroft score, and mRNA expression of fibronectin (Fn)1 and collagen typeⅠ(COLⅠ) alpha 1 (Col1a1) in lung tissues were detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction. The relative expression of FN and COLⅠ in lung tissues was determined by Western blot. {L-End}Results The results of histopathological examination of the lungs showed that there were no inflammation and fibrosis in the lungs of mice in the blank control group and the drug control group; mice in silicosis model group had inflammation and fibrosis in lung; the degree of lung inflammation and fibrosis was reduced in the mice of metformin intervention group compared with the silicosis model group. The lung organ coefficient, Ashcroft score, the relative expression of Fn1 and Col1a1 mRNA, the relative expression of FN and COLⅠprotein in lung tissues increased in silicosis model group (all P<0.05), compared with those in both blank control group and drug control group. The indexes above decreased of mice in the metformin intervention group than those in the silicosis model group (all P<0.05). {L-End}Conclusion Low-dose metformin can delay the progression of pulmonary fibrosis in silicosis mice. The mechanism may be related to metformin's improving excessive deposition of extracellular matrix induced by silica.

China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 386-393, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003872


Objective To detect and analyze the susceptibility genes of methyl acetate poisoning in patients by whole exome sequencing. Methods Two patients with occupational acute severe methyl acetate poisoning and their first-degree relatives who work in the same occupation and position with similar working hours were selected as the research subjects by judgment sampling method. Peripheral blood was collected for whole exome sequencing. The sequencing data was compared with the public genome database to screen the mutation sites and find out the gene sites related to methyl acetate poisoning. The suspected pathogenic mutation genes were annotated and interpreted. Results The results of whole exome sequencing showed that there were 40 differential genes between the patients with methyl acetate poisoning and their first-degree relatives, including 80 single nucleotide polymorphisms and eight Indel with specific marker sequence index. Among these, the genes with strong correlation were carboxyesterase 1 (CES1) and mucin (MUC) 5B. The CES1 gene loci c.248C>T (p.Ser83Leu) heterozygous mutations, MUC5B gene loci c.6635C>T (p.Thr2212Met) and c.7685C>T (p.Thr2562Met) heterozygous mutations in patients with methyl acetate poisoning were detected. They were missense mutations. By constructing a protein-protein interaction network, a total of 11 pairs of interactions with high levels of evidence were identified, involving genes such as lysine methyltransferase 2C, HECT and RLD domains containing E3 ubiquitin protein ligase 2, neutrophil cytoplasmic factor 1, nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase 3, C-terminal binding protein 2, zinc finger protein 717, FSHD region gene 2 family member C, FSHD region gene 1, MUC4, MUC6, MUC5B, and MUC12. Conclusion The polymorphism of CES1 and MUC5B genes may be related to the occurrence and development of methyl acetate poisoning in patients.

China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 361-369, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003869


Objective To explore the mechanism of action of curcumin in the treatment of silicosis by network pharmacology combined with molecular docking technology. Methods The targets prediction network of curcumin in treating silicosis was established based on the collection of targets of curcumin and silicosis in multiple databases, cross-targets were submitted to the STRING database, and their connectivity was analyzed by Cytoscape software. Gene ontology (GO) function analysis and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment analysis were performed on the top 20 genes. The molecular docking was performed on the key targets to study the mechanism of action of curcumin in treating silicosis. Results A total of 311 targets related to curcumin, 270 targets related to silicosis, and 74 cross-targets were obtained from the databases. GO function analysis revealed 2 665 related pathways, and KEGG pathway enrichment analysis revealed 188 related pathways. Molecular docking results showed that curcumin had good binding ability with the targets of mitogen-activated protein kinase 3 (MAPK3), interleukin (IL) 6, serine/threonine kinase 1 (AKT1), vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA), signal transducer and activator of transcription 3, albumin, Jun proto-oncogene, tumor necrosis factor (TNF), IL1B, tumor protein p53, C-C motif chemokine ligand 2 and fibronectin 1. Conclusion The therapeutical effects of curcumin on silicosis were implemented through multi-targets and multi-pathways. Curcumin may play a role in the treatment of silicosis by binding to the core targets MAPK3, IL6, AKT1, VEGFA and TNF and regulating the MAPK, IL6, TNF, phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/protein kinase B and VEGF signaling pathways.

Journal of Acupuncture and Tuina Science ; (6): 284-289, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-497339


Objective: To observe the clinical effect of pestle needle combined with Chinese herbal fumigation on cervical spondylosis and provide a safe effective therapy for this condition. Methods: A total of 54 cases were randomly allocated into two groups (27 cases in each group) according to their sequence of consultation. Patients in both groups were treated with the same Chinese herbal fumigation. Patients in the treatment group were additionally treated with pestle needle therapy on a unique set ofBa Zhen points around Dazhui (GV 14), Fengfu (GV 16) and the distance between Naohu (GV 17) and Dazhui (GV 14) along theHe Chepathway, whereas patients in the control group were additionally treated with routine acupuncture therapy. Then the short-term and long-term efficacies were observed and compared after treatment using the visual analog scale (VAS) and pain rating index (PRI). Results: At the end of treatment, VAS scores were significantly decreased in both groups, and the VAS score in the treatment group was lower than that in the control group (P0.05) in the affective PRI score. At the end of treatment, the total effective rate was 85.2% in the treatment group, versus 65.4% in the control group, showing a statistical significance (P<0.05). The follow-up six months later showed that the total effective rate was 92.6% in the treatment group, versus 76.9% in the control group, showing a statistical significance (P<0.05). Conclusion: Pestle needle therapy is a stable and positive therapy for cervical spondylosis.

Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12)1995.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-539086


Objective To survey the prevalence of elderly asthmatics among urban and rural residents of Liaoning Province and to provide data for preventive and therapeutic policies of asthma. Methods Stratified cluster disproportional 2.5‰ random sampling survey for 116 276 re sidents was performed using uniform scheme, procedures and questionnaire. Among them 12 735 cases were over 60 years old. Results Totally 522 cases (207 male and 315 female) were diagnosed as asthma, the overa ll prevalence was 1 25% and that of elderly was 4 09% ( male 3 26%, female 4 92%, P