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1.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1023-1028, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016730

ABSTRACT

Bone defect has always been a major clinical challenge because of its great difficulty and long period of treatment. Drynariae Rhizoma is a commonly used medicine in osteology and traumatology of traditional Chinese medicine, and its active ingredients(mainly flavonoids) facilitate osteoblast differentiation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells, osteoclast proliferation, vascular-osteogenic coupling, and inhibit osteoclast activity to promote bone mineralization, and repair and reconstruction of bone defect. As a good substitute for bone regeneration drugs, the active constituents of Drynariae Rhizoma can be loaded on scaffold materials of tissue engineering, which greatly improves the bioavailability of the drug. Meanwhile, the sustained-release microspheres also solve some problems such as sudden drug release from the scaffolds, and the composite scaffolds with active ingredient of Drynariae Rhizoma prepared by them have good ossification activity and osteoinduction, with precise bone repair effects, which meet the diverse performance requirements of bone grafts and have a promising clinical application prospect.

2.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 264-274, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-997680

ABSTRACT

Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a chronic recurrent inflammatory bowel disease which primarily affects the colonic mucosa. The UC patients mainly present diarrhea, abdominal pain, tenesmus, and mucous bloody stools, and even malnutrition and systemic symptoms in severe cases, with rising incidence, which has a significant impact on the health and quality of life of patients. The pathogenesis of UC is not clear, and the Western medical therapies include sulfasalazine, glucocorticoids, and immunosuppressants, which, however, have side effects and unsatisfactory effects. Chinese medicine with high safety, mild adverse reactions, and a multi-component, multi-target, and multi-pathway treatment manner has garnering increasing attention. Therefore, finding the Chinese medicine to treat UC has become a hot spot. Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma is one of the commonly used Chinese herbal medicines, with the effects of tonifying spleen and reinforcing qi, clearing heat and detoxifying, dispelling phlegm and relieving cough, relieving pain, and harmonizing medicines. Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma mainly contains glycyrrhizic acid, glycyrrhetinic acid, diammonium glycyrrhizinate and other active ingredients. Modern pharmacological studies have shown that Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma has anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antimicrobial, and immunomodulatory activities. According to statistics, Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma is among the top three Chinese herbal medicines for the treatment of UC. The recent years have witnessed progress in the treatment of UC with Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma and the related prescriptions. The present study summarized the mechanisms underlying the anti-inflammatory, immunomodulatory, intestinal flora-regulating, cell apoptosis-inducing, and oxidative stress-reducing effects of the key chemical constituents (glycyrrhetinic acid, diammonium glycyrrhizinate, polysaccharide, glycyrrhetinic acid, and isoglycyrrhizin) and compound prescriptions of Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma. The findings provide a solid foundation for further development and clinical application of Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma.

3.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 191-194, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991283

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the teaching effect of traditional teaching combined with virtual simulation teaching in pharmaceutical content analysis using high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC).Methods:The students in two parallel classes of grade 2016 were divided into experimental group (44 students) and control group (38 students). Taking the content analysis and its related analytical methodology of Metronidazole by HPLC as an example, the experimental group adopted the traditional offline teaching combines with virtual simulation teaching, and the control group adopted the traditional offline teaching. The teaching effects of the two groups were compared. SPSS 22.0 was used to conduct independent-samples t-test. Results:According to the mid-term test results, the experimental group was superior to the control group in practical operation assessment [(17.98±6.75) vs. (14.03±5.92)], and the difference was statistically significant ( P < 0.05). But there were no differences between the two groups in the scores of theory, discussion report and presentation. There was no significant difference in the final exam scores between the two groups. Conclusion:The ability of practical training and the teaching effect can be improved by the teaching method of traditional offline teaching combined with virtual simulation. Through the training of this project, students have mastered the operation of HPLC, the content determination of pharmaceutical preparations, the verification of analytical methods, data processing, and the writing of analytical reports, and have certain practical analysis ability.

4.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 11-19, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-507041

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigates the diagnostic value of combined detection serum CCL18, CXCL1 antigen, C1D, TM4SF1, FXR1, TIZ IgG autoantibody by suspension array for ovarian cancer. Methods Suspension array was used to detect CCL18, CXCL1 antigen, C1D, TM4SF1, FXR1, TIZ IgG autoantibody in 120 cases of healthy women, 204 cases of patients with benign pelvic tumors, 119 cases of pelvic malignant tumor patients, and 40 cases with breast cancer, lung cancer oroliver cancer, respectively. Constructed diagnosis model of combined detection six biomarkers for diagnosis of ovarian malignant tumor. Constructed diagnosis model of combined detection autoantibodies to diagnose epithelial ovarian cancer. Analysed the value of detecting six biomarkers for diagnosis of ovarian malignant tumor and detecting autoantibodies for diagnosis of epithelial ovarian cancer. Analysed diagnostic value of detecting six biomarkers to diagnose stageⅠandⅡepithelial ovarian cancer. Compared diagnostic value of detecting six biomarkers in diagnosis of tissue types and pathologic grading with that of CA125. Results Model of combined detecting six biomarkers to diagnose ovarian malignant tumor was logit(P)=-11.151+0.008×C1D+0.011 × TM4SF1+0.011 × TIZ-0.008 × FXR1+0.021 × CCL18+0.200 × CXCL1. Model of combined detection autoantibodies to diagnose epithelial ovarian cancer was logit(P)=-5.137+0.013 × C1D+0.014 × TM4SF1+0.060 × TIZ-0.060 × FXR1. Sensitivity and specificity of detecting six biomarker to diagnose ovarian malignant tumor was 90.6% and 98.7%. Sensitivity and specificity of detecting autoantibodies to diagnose epithelial ovarian cancer was 75.8%and 96.7%. Combined detection for six biomarkers to diagnose serous and mucinous ovarian cancer was statistically no better than those of CA125 (P=0.196 and P=0.602, respectively);there was significantly difference in diagnosis of ovarian cancer (P=0.023), and there was no significantly difference in diagnosis of different pathological grading (P=0.089 and P=0.169, respectively). Conclusions Constructing diagnosis model of combined detection six biomarker to diagnose ovarian malignant tumor and constructed diagnosis model of combined detectionautoantibodies to diagnose epithelial ovarian cancer. Combined detection six biomarkers to diagnose serous and mucinous ovarian tumors is better than that of CA125.

5.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 68-72, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-506013

ABSTRACT

Metastatic encephaloma from lung carcinoma is one of the nost common intracranial tumors,which is paid to more and more attentions in Neurosurgery.Patients with metastatic neoplasm suffer great physiological and psychological pain for short survival time and survival of poor quality.In terms of treatment,surgery is the major method for metastatic encephaloma of lung cancer.But the subject range of surgery is limited to many factors,therefore many patients can not be treated with surgery.In order to solve the issue of applicability restriction,diversified adjuvant treatment strategies appear successively,such as chemotherapy,targeted therapy,immunotherapy.It has been verified by a number of clinical evidences that these therapies can prolong lifetime and improve living quality of patients.But at the present stage,there is no an uniform standard for the treatment of metastatic encephaloma from lung carcinoma.To give full play the role of each treatment,it is important to understand the advantages and disadvantages.Only in this way,can the patient's interests be optimized.

6.
Chinese Journal of Information on Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 66-69, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-613706

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a method for simultaneous determination for the contents of four flavones (ononin, calycosin, genistein and formononetin) of Hedysari Radix in Gansu Province with quantitative analysis of multi-components by single-marker (QAMS); To prove its feasibility and accuracy. Methods Calycosin was taken as internal standard substance. Relative correction factors (RCF) of ononin, genistein and formononetin to calycosin were established. The contents of ononin, calycosin, genistein and formononetin were determined to realize QAMS. Results RCF was with good repeatability. The results of QAMS were consistent with the results of the external standard method. Conclusion The method that determines the contents of ononin, genistein and formononetin with calycosin as internal standard substance, can be used for quantitative analysis of Hedysari Radix.

7.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 458-466, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-808907

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the short-term and long-term outcomes after laparoscopic surgery compared with traditional laparotomy in cases of stage ⅠA2-ⅡA2 cervical cancer.@*Methods@#We conducted a retrospective study on the clinical data of 1 863 patients diagnosed as FIGO stages ⅠA2-ⅡA2 cervical cancer in 6 third-grade class-A hospitals in Guangxi province between January 2007 and May 2014. One thousand and seventy-one received laparoscopy, and 792 received laparotomy. T-test, U-test and χ2 test were used to compare the short-term and long-term outcomes. The short-term outcomes included surgical related outcomes and operative complications, and the long-term outcomes included quality of life (pelvic floor functions and sexual functions), survival and recurrence. Pelvic floor function and sexual function were assessed with the International Consultation on Incontinence Quesonnaire Female Lower Urinary tract(ICIQ-FLUTS) and the Female Sexual Function Inventory (FSFI), respectively. Survival rates were estimated by Kaplan-Meier analysis. The survival curves were compared with Log-rank test. Cox regression analysis was used to evaluaterisk factors for prognosis.@*Results@#(1)The short-term outcomes : There were significant difference in operative time([(257±69) vs(238±56)min], estimated blood loss[(358±314) vs(707±431)ml], anus exhausting time[(2.5±0.9) vs (2.9±0.8)d], preserved days of catheter[(15±7) vs(18±9)d], and post-operative length of stay[(19±16) vs (30±21)d] between the laparoscopic surgery group and the opensurgery group(P<0.05). There was no significant difference in lymph nodes yielded[(21±9) vs (21±11)], left parametrial width[(2.5±0.8) vs (2.7±0.7)cm], right parametrial width [(2.6±0.3) vs (2.7±0.2)cm], vaginal cuff length[(2.4±0.7) vs (2.2±0.7)cm] between the laparoscopic surgery group and the opensurgery group(P>0.05). The intra-operative complications occurred in 8.1%(87/1 071)in the laparoscopic surgery group and in 10.7%(85/792)in the open surgery group(P>0.05). However, the complications of vascular injury in the laparoscopic surgery group[2.6%(28/1 071)]was lower than that in the open surgery group[7.7%(61/792), P<0.001]. The laparoscopic surgery exhibited lower post- operative complication rate [33.8%(362/1 071)vs 40.2%(318/792), P<0.05] and poorer wound healing rate [0.7%(7/1 071)vs 4.0%(32/792), P<0.05]. (2)The long-term outcomes(Hierarchical analysis): The overall incontinence in ICIQ-FLUTS questionnaire in nerve-sparing laparoscopic group [28.4%(67/236)] was lower than that in the open surgery group [35.9%(71/198), P=0.004] . However, There was no significant difference in degree of incontinence between the two groups(P>0.05). The overall sexual dysfunction in FSFI questionnaire after 12 months of postoperative in the nerve-sparing laparoscopic group [47.0%(111/236)]was lower than that in the open surgery group [58.6%(116/198), P=0.001], and the six different dimension scores in the laparoscopic surgery group were higher than that in the open surgery group (P<0.05). The recurrence rate was 3.5%(35/1 007)in the laparoscopicsurgery group and 4.7%(35/740)in the open surgery group(P>0.05). The 5-year OS was 94.0% for the laparoscopic surgery group and 90.2% for the open surgery group(P>0.05), and the 5-year DFS was 93.9% for the laparoscopic surgery group and 89.1% for the open surgery group(P>0.05). (3) Prognostic fators: In univariate analysis, tumor dimension, clinical stage, deep stromal invasion, LVSI, and retroperitoneal lymph node metastasis signficantly affected 5-year OS and 5-year DFS(P<0.05); In multivariate analyses, LVSI, deep stromal invasion and LN metastasis were independent prognostic factors(P<0.05).@*Conclusions@#Laparoscopy can reduceestimated blood loss, accelerate postoperative recovery and improve the quality of life after surgery compared to laparotomy, and it ensures the same oncological results as open surgery. Laparoscopic approach is a safe and effective treatment for early-stage cervical cancer.

8.
World Science and Technology-Modernization of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 1330-1333, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-696022

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to investigate the effect of acupuncture combined with traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) on the incidence of lipid metabolism and the incidence of hyperandrogenism in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).The clinical data of 85 PCOS cases in our hospital from March 2015 to August 2016 were retrospectively analyzed.There were TCM treatment group and acupuncture combined with TCM group according to the treatment method.The difference of blood lipid level,hormone level,incidence rate of hyperandrogenism and clinical symptom score before and after treatment in both groups were observed.The results showed that the incidence rate of hyperandrogenism was 2.22% in the acupuncture combined with TCM group,which was significantly lower than TCM group (x2=7.070,P =0.008).There was no difference on blood lipid level before treatment in both groups.After treatment,levels of TC,LDL-C and TG of the acupuncture combined with TCM group were significantly lower than those of the TCM group;however,level of HDL-C was higher than that of the TCM group (t =1.817,-3.627,2.554,2.226,P <0.05).There was no difference on hormone levels before treatment.After treatment,hormone levels of the acupuncture combined with TCM group were significantly lower than the TCM group.Before treatment,there was no difference on TCM symptom score between both groups.After treatment,the TCM symptom score of the acupuncture combined with TCM group was significantly lower than that of the TCM group.It was concluded that acupuncture combined with TCM had a better therapeutic effect on PCOS.It can improve the blood lipid level of patients and reduce the incidence of hyperandrogenism.It had good clinical value.

9.
World Science and Technology-Modernization of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 1314-1318, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-696019

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to explore the clinical mechanism of combined acupuncture and traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) in the treatment of polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) and to evaluate its clinical curative effect.A total of 100 PCOS patients were randomly divided into three groups,which were group A,B and C,with 50 cases in each group.Group A was treated with ethinyl estradiol and clomiphene.Group B was treated with TCM.Group C was treated with acupuncture combined with TCM.One menstrual cycle was counted as one treatment course.There were a total of 6 treatment courses.Observation was given on menstrual condition of the patient,basal body temperature (BBT),level of sex hormones,ovulation and follicular before and after treatment.The results showed that the total effective rate of group C was 82%,which was significantly higher than that of the control group (P < 0.05).The normal rate of menstruation recovery of group C was 100%,which was significantly higher than those of group A and B (P < 0.05).After treatment,the biphasic rate of BBT in group C was 70%,which was significantly higher than that of the control group (P < 0.05).The basal FSH (14.6±2.9) IU/L and basal E2 (53.2± 12.4) pg/ml of group C were significantly higher than those of group A and B.The basal LH (25.4±5.8) IU/L,T (1.0±0.2) μg/L of group C were significantly lower than those of group A and B (P < 0.05),with statistical significance.It was concluded that acupuncture combined with TCM can be used in the treatment of PCOS by regulating menstruation,adjusting BBT,the level of sex hormone,and promoting ovulation.

10.
China Oncology ; (12): 303-312, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-490033

ABSTRACT

Background and purpose:Dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR) is expressed highly in platinum-resis-tant ovarian cancer. This study aimed to explore the relationship between the silence ofDHFR gene and platinum drug resistance in ovarian cancer, and lay the foundation for the treatment of platinum-resistant ovarian cancer.Methods:To design targeting hairpin siRNA ofDHFR gene, the optimal siRNA silent sequence was selected, and lentiviral vector carryingDHFR gene was constructed successfully, named DHFR-pGCSIL-SKOV3 cell. Flow cytometry was used to detect the cell apoptosis of DHFR-pGCSIL-SKOV3 cells, pGCSIL-SKOV3 cells and SKOV3 cells incubated in various concentrations of cisplatin (2.5, 5.0, 10.0 and 20.0 μg/mL) at different time points (24, 48 and 72 h), and cell cycle changes of these cells at IC50 cisplatin concentration (4.4 μg/mL). High performance liquid chromatography was used to test intracellular concentration of cisplatin at different induction concentration of cisplatin (2.5, 5.0 and 7.5 μg/mL) and various time points (24 and 48 h). Ultrastructural changes of these cells at concentration of cisplatin IC50 (4.4 μg/mL) were observed by transmission electron microscope.Results:After annealing double-strand nucleotide was connected to pGCSIL/GFP vector, sequencing result was correct. SKOV3 cell were transfected with virus particles followed by Western blot detection of interference effect. Flow cytometry was used to detect apoptosis in three groups of cells, and increased apoptosis rate was found at the raised cisplatin concentration (2.5, 5.0, 10.0 and 20.0 μg/mL) at 24, 48 and 72 h in DHFR-pGCSIL-SKOV3, pGCSIL-SKOV3 and SKOV3 cells. The apoptosis rate in DHFR-pGCSIL-SKOV3 was signiifcantly higher than that in pGCSIL-SKOV3 and SKOV3 cells at 24 and 48 h (P<0.05). Flow cytometry was adopted to test cells cycle of 3 groups at different time period under IC50 cisplatin concentration (4.4 μg/mL), the results indicated that G0/G1 phase cell rate of DHFR-pGCSIL-SKOV3 was much more than the others, of which G2/M and S phase cell rates were on the contrary. While at 72 h, 3 groups were mainly G2/M and S phase cell rates, DHFR-pGC-SIL-SKOV3 was lower than the others. High performance liquid chromatography method was used to detect intracellu-lar cisplatin concentration at 24 and 48 h after the cells were incubated at various concentrations of cisplatin (2.5 and 5.0μg/mL). The results showed the intracellular cisplatin content of DHFR-pGCSIL-SKOV3 cell was signiifcantly higher than that of pGCSIL-SKOV3 and SKOV3 cells. However, after incubation at cisplatin concentration of 7.5 μg/mL, the intracellular cisplatin content of DHFR-pGCSIL-SKOV3 cell was signiifcantly lower than that of pGCSIL-SKOV3 and SKOV3 cells at 24 h, while higher than pGCSIL-SKOV3 and SKOV3 cells at 48 h (P=0.034,P=0.014). We observed ultrastructural changes of three different cell lines induced by IC50 cisplatin concentration(4.4 μg/mL) at different time points by the electron microscope. We found that the microiflaments were increased and gathered together and mitochondrial structure was also changed obviously without the drug. However, there was rare microiflament in three groups of cells at 24 and 48 h, while at 72 h, obviously increased inordinate microiflaments were observed.Conclusion:We successfully constructed pGCSIL lentivirus interference carrier carryingDHFR gene. The research indicates that down-regulation ofDHFR gene is related to cisplatin drug resistance in ovarian cancer. The results laid the foundation for us to investigate the molecular mechanisms of multidrug-resistance in tumor.

11.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 762-769, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-481596

ABSTRACT

Objective To discuss the risk factors and prognosis of gynecologic cancer patients with deep venous thrombosis(DVT). Methods Data from gynecologic cancer patients diagnosed by cytology or histopathology in Affiliated Tumor Hospital of Guangxi Medical University between Jan. 1994 and Sep. 2014 were collected,including 106 cases in the DVT group, according to 1:1 proportion by the computer random method to selecting patients without DVT as the control group. The follow-up deadline was March 31, 2015. The median follow-up time of DVT group was 27.0 months (range, 1 to 169 months), while the control groupwas 33.5 months (range,1 to 125 months). Univariate analysis was performed by two independent sample t test or χ2 test. Multivariate analysis was performed by logistic regression analysis. The Kaplan-Meier curve was used to estimate the survival analysis. Results (1) The univariate analysis showed that body mass index (BMI), hypertension, diabetes, history of thrombosis, tumor stage, blood transfusion, stimulating factor, white blood cell (WBC), platelet (PLT), prothrombin time (PT) and fibrinogen (FIB) were statistically significant associated with DVT (P<0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that tumor stage, stimulating factor, WBC, PT and FIB may be the independent risk factors of gynecologic cancer with DVT (P<0.05). (2) The median survival time in DVT group was 66 months, while the control group was 102 months(χ2=7.039, P=0.008). The overall survival and progression-free survival in the DVT group were statistically significant lower than those in the control group (P<0.05). The tumor stage, the scope of DVT (whether with pulmonary embolism) and the treatment of DVT were the effective factors influenced the prognosis of gynecologic oncology patients with DVT (P<0.05). Cox regression model showed that tumor stage and the scope of DVT were the independent risk factors (P<0.01). Conclusions Gynecologic cancer with DVT is the common effect of various risk factors. We should identify the risk factors for high-risk patients and take preventive measures actively to reduce the deep venous thromboembolism, then improve the survival of patients and their prognosis.

12.
Chinese Journal of Information on Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 41-44, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-478672

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the antitumor effects of Scutellaria Radix extracts on H22 transplanted tumor in mice and its possible mechanism.Methods The H22 transplanted mouse models were established by inoculating H22 to mice. 60 mice were randomly divided into model group, 5-Fu group, low-, medium- and high-dose Scutellaria Radix extracts groups, with 12 normal mice as control group. All administration groups received gavage with relevant medicine. And then the body weight change, tumor growth inhibitory rate, and spleen and thymus indexes were calculated;the T-AOC and activities of SOD, and MDA content in serum were detected by spectrophotometer;DNA damage of peripheral blood lymphocytes was observed by single cell gel electrophoresis.Results Medium- and high-dose Scutellaria Radix extracts can significantly inhibit the growth of transplanted tumor. Compared with 5-Fu group, medium- and high-dose Scutellaria Radix extracts groups notably increased the body weight, spleen and thymus indexes of mice, promoted T-AOC and activities of SOD, and decreased MDA content in serum, as well as notably reduced DNA damage of peripheral blood lymphocytes.Conclusion Scutellaria Radix extracts have obvious antitumor effects on H22 transplanted tumor in mice and the possible mechanisms may be due to lightening the damage of normal tissue and cell from tumor, enhancing immunologic function and improving antioxidant capability of H22 bearing mice.

13.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 854-860, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-489245

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR) gene expression up-regulating on cisplatin resistance in epithelial ovarian cancer cell lines.Methods The cDNA length of DHFR gene was amplified by PCR and was connected to lentiviral vector pWPI, the recombinant retroviral vector DHFR-pWPI was infected SKOV3 cells by lipofectamine 2000.The groups included DHFR-pWPI-SKOV3 cell, pWPI-SKOV3 cell and SKOV3 cell group.Western blot was used to detect the expression of DHFR.Flow cytometry was applied to measure the cell apoptosis rate of 3 groups cells in different cisplatin concentrations (2.5, 5.0, 10.0, 20.0 μg/ml) and at different time period (24, 48 and 72 hours), and half maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) treated with cisplatin concentration (6.0, 4.0, 4.9 μg/ml).High performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) was applied to test intracellular cisplatin concentration in different cisplatin concentration (4.0, 6.0, 8.0 μg/ml) at 24 and 48 hours.Transmission electron microscope was used to observe ultrastructural changes cells under IC50 cisplatin concentration.Results The recombinant plasmid DHFR-pWPI was constructed and then infected into SKOV3 cell successfully.(1) The expression of DHFR detected by western blot in transfection group was higher than those in the negative control group and blank control group (10.280±0.009 vs 2.050±0.003 vs 3.480±0.003;P<0.01).(2) Treated with cisplatin concentration (2.5, 5.0, 10.0, 20.0 μg/ml) at 24, 48 hours, the apoptosis rate detected by flow cytometry results shown that they were lower than those in the negative control group and blank control group (P<0.05), while treated at the concentration of 5.0 and 10.0 μg/ml for 72 hours, whose apoptosis rate in transfection group was higher than those in the negative control group and blank control group (P<0.05).When treated cells under IC50 cisplatin concentration (6.0, 4.0, 4.9 μg/ml) at for 24 and 48 hours, the results indicated thatthere were mainly G0/G1 stage cell cycle rate in 3 groups, it was obviously higher in transfection group than those in two control groups (P<0.05).However, mainly G2/M, S stage cell cycle rate for 72 hours, and S stage cell cycle rate in transfection group obviously higher than those in two control groups, but G2/M stage cell cycle rate were lower (P<0.01).(3) After treated with cisplatin concentration (4.0 μg/ml) for 24, 48 hours and cisplatin concentration (6.0 μg/ml) for 24 hours, the intracellular cisplatin content tested by HPLC method in the transfection group were significantly lower than those in two control groups (P<0.01).While, at 6.0 μg/ml of cisplatin concentration for 48 hours and 8.0 μg/ml of cisplatin concentration for 24 and 48 hours, the intracellular cisplatin content of transfection group were obviously higher than those two control groups (P<0.05).(4) Treated with IC50 (6.0, 4.0, 4.9 μg/ml) cisplatin concentration at different time to obeserve ultrastructural changes by transmission electron microscopy.The results shown that the microwire gathered together at 24 and 48 hours, and the number and structure of mitochondria had obvious change in transfection group, while there was rare microfilament, the number of mitochondria decreased but structure change was not apparent in two control groups.There were appeared expansion of endoplasmic reticulum and had rare normal organelles among three groups.After treated with cisplatin for 72 hours, there were inordinate microfilament, a part of nuclear membrane disappeared, a lot of ribosomes gathered together in two control groups, and there were rare microfilament in transfection group, nuclear membrane completely disappeared, many white cystic matter were seen in cytoplasm, mitochondrial structure disappeared completely, which seems most cells on the verge of death.Conclusion The lentiviral expressing vector harboring human DHFR gene were successfully constructed.When the up-expression of DHFR gene, the drug-resistant in ovarian cancer cell may be increase, which suggest that there were certain contact between resistance increases with microfilament gathered and the change of the mitochondria.

14.
Chinese Journal of Information on Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 61-63, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-464397

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore liver protective effects of the stems and leaves and roots of Scutellariae Radix from different areas of Gansu Province;To discuss differences in liver protection of the stems and leaves and roots of Scutellariae Radix. Methods All Kunming mice were randomly divided into 11 groups:normal group, model group, positive control group, Scutellariae Radix root groups and Scutellariae Radix stem-leaf groups of Longxi, Minxian, Weiyuan, Zhangxian. The mice received gavage with relevant medicine once a day for 7 days. 2 hours after the last medication, the mice were given peritoneal injection with 0.1%CCl4 and olive oil to establish the models with liver injury. Hepatic index, the activity of serum ALT and AST, the levels of T-AOC in the liver tissue were calculated in 18 hours after establishing the models. Results Compared with the model group, hepatic index, the activity of serum ALT and AST in the mice of Scutellariae Radix root groups from difference producing areas decreased significantly (P<0.05);the levels of T-AOC in the liver tissue was raised notably (P<0.05). Compared with stem-leaf groups from the same producing area, hepatic index, the activity of ALT and AST in the mice of Scutellariae Radix root groups were remarkably lower than these of Scutellariae Radix stem-leaf groups (P<0.05);the levels of T-AOC in the liver tissue was evidently higher than that of Scutellariae Radix stem-leaf group (P<0.05). Conclusion Scutellariae Radix root water decoction can prevent and protect CCl4-induced acute liver injury to a certain degree, while Scutellariae Radix stem-leaf water decoction shows no significant protective effect on acute liver injury.

15.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Oncology ; (24): 648-652, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-474439

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effectiveness of heart rate deceleration capacity (DC) measurement in predicting the car-diotoxicity of malignant tumor patients treated with epirubicin-based chemotherapy. Methods:The clinical medical records, including CK-MB and cTnI levels and dynamic electrocardiogram (ECG) parameters before and after each chemotherapy cycle, of 140 patients treated with epirubicin-based chemotherapy were analyzed. Patients were divided into the DC>4.5 ms group and the DC≤4.5 ms group based on the calculated DC values. The CK-MB and cTnI levels and the dynamic ECG parameters of the two groups were compared af-ter two and four cycles of chemotherapy. Results:Patients in the two groups exhibited no statistically significant difference in their rele-vant clinical and pathological data before receiving chemotherapy (P>0.05). However, after four cycles of chemotherapy, the DC≤4.5 ms group showed a significantly greater increase in serum CK-MB and cTnI concentrations over the pre-chemotherapy levels compared with the DC>4.5 ms group. After two and four cycles of chemotherapy, the DC≤4.5 ms group also exhibited a significantly greater in-crease in mean heart rate (beats/min) and supraventricular and ventricular arrhythmia counts (times/24 h) over the pre-chemotherapy values compared with the DC>4.5 ms group (P0.05). However, the DC values of patients with elevated cTnI were significantly lower than those with normal cTnI level (P<0.05). Conclusion:The risk of epirubicin-induced cardiotoxicity increased with decrease in DC value. The DC test was shown to be an effective predictor of the risk of epirubicin-induced cardiotoxicity.

16.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 1084-1087, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-474993

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the hemostatic effect and influence on coagulation function of hemecongulase during neurosurgical operation.Methods Sixty patients with neurosurgical trauma at American statistical association(ASA) Ⅰ-Ⅱ were randomly divided into hemocoagnlase treatment group (n =30) and control group(n =30).Both two group were injected Baquting 2U at the day before the operation,30 min before the operation,every two day after the operation and end up 3 d.Treatment group were pedormed with Baqyting 4 U + physiological saline 10 ml topical spraying.The intelligibility of operating region,the volume of intraoperative,the volume of bleeding during the operation,transfusion of blood,postoperative drainage,and drainage tube exelcymosis time were recorded in all the patients.Prothrombin time (PT),activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT),fibrinogen level(FIB),fibrinogen degradation product(FDP) and the two D-dimer and platelet count(PLT) before and after the surgery were also determined.All the patients were postoperatively followed up.Results The intelligibility of operating region was 70.0% (21/30) in the hemocoagnlase treatment group,higher than that in control group (0%,P <0.05).The volume of bleeding during the operation in the hemecoagulase treatment group was (680.00 ± 95.22) ml,significantly fewer than that in the control group((790.00 ±47.00) ml,P =0.034).PLT significantly decreased after the surgery in both of the groups compare to that in preoperation (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01) and no significant difference was seen between two groups (P > 0.05).No severe adverse events were found in both groups.Conclusion Hemocoagulase treatment during the operation can improve the intelligibility of operating region,reduce the volume of bleeding and transfusion of blood,and do not affect the coagulation function in the patients.Therefore,hemocoagulase is a safe and effective hemostatic and through local application during the operation it can improve curative effect.

17.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 6678-6683, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-471649

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:With the medical development, prognostic outcomes of spinal cord injuries have not been improved significantly, and most patients also suffer from severe complications. Nowadays, lots of laboratories and clinical researches have suggested that celltherapy has a great potential, especial y the application of umbilical cord blood stem cells in nervous system diseases. OBJECTIVE:To explore the feasibility and clinical effect of umbilical cord blood neural stem cells transplantation for patients with obsolete spinal cord injury. METHODS:Umbilical cord blood was harvested from newborns under aseptic condition, and differentiated into neural stem cells in vitro that were prepared into cellsuspension at a concentration of 109/L. The cellsuspension (3 mL) was injected via the L 3-4 or L 4-5 into the subarachnoid space. American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) scores and the residual urine were assessed before and 3 months after transplantation. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:After transplantation, al the patients showed a stable life indication. Three months later, ASIA scores were increased and the residual urine decreased, which significantly differed from those before transplantation (P<0.05). These findings indicate that umbilical cord blood neural stem cells transplantation is a new treatment that can improve the limb function and life quality of patients with obsolete spinal cord injury.

18.
Chinese Journal of Information on Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 80-82, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-446369

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish the extraction process of Zhechong Chuangyu Capsule. Methods The difference of analgesic effect of water extraction and alcohol extraction in mice was observed by body-torsion test to determine the extract solvent. With the rate of aqueous extraction, n-butyl alcohol extraction and asperosaponin Ⅵ as evaluating indicator, the influencing factors including solvent volume, time and times of extraction were investegated to evaluate extracting procedure by orthogonal experiment. Results There was no obvious difference in analgesic effect between water extraction and alcohol extraction. Given the requirement of produce, aqueous extraction was a better choice. The optimum extracting condition was extracted 3 times with 20 folds volume of solvent, and extraction time was 150 minutes. Conclusion The extraction process is feasible to be applied into production.

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Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 470-473, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-435068

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the clinical manifestations,treatment and prognosis of adult medulloblastoma (MB).Methods A total of 163 cases of adult MB,confirmed by surgical and pathological diagnosis,were retrospectively analyzed about the clinical manifestations,imaging,treatment and prognosis.There are 108 males and 55 females in the group,whose average age was 28.6-year-old.Results The main clinical manifestations include headache,nausea,vomiting,dizziness,gait disturbance,hypopsia,diplopia,hearing loss and cerebellum crisis.Gross total resection was achieved in 90 cases,subtotal resection in 67 cases and biopsy in 6 cases.Survival time from surgery to progression or death or the last date of follow-up were measured and estimated by the Kaplan-Meier method.Among a total of 160 follow-up patients with MB,postoperative overall survival time was from 7 to 170 months,median survival time was (127±6) months (95% CI 115.3-138.68).The 5-year overall survival time of adult MB patients was 73.1% (120/163).The log-rank test was used to compare the significance of the following prognostic variables.Among all clinical factors,patients undergoing the craniospinal irradiation had a significantly better survival rate than those without this treatment (44 months vs 34 months,x2 =8.712,P =0.003).Conclusion Good therapeutic effect of MB be achieved by adopting surgical resection with early enough craniospinal irradiation.Recurrence and metastasis are the two main factors for bad prognosis in adult MB.

20.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 891-5, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-445667

ABSTRACT

A novel sesquiterpenoid (1) and three known compounds identified as isoaltenuene (2), altenuene (3), and alternariol 4, 10-O-dimethyl ether (4), were isolated in our investigation of the cytotoxic constituents from solid cultures of the endophytic fungus Colletotrichum sp. The structures of these compounds were elucidated through spectroscopic data analysis. All compounds exhibited cytotoxic activity against lung cancer cell line A549, breast cancer cell line MDA-MB-231 and pancreatic cancer cell line PANC-1. Compound 4 could induce the PANC-1 cells inflation or death, but couldn't induce apoptosis at the IC50 of 60.2 microg x mL(-1).

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