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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756275

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the efficacy and safety of endoscopic balloon dilation (EBD) on treatment of benign colorectal anastomotic stenosis.Methods Data of 36 patients with benign colorectal anastomotic stenosis undergoing EBD at Zhongshan Hospital from 2011 to 2015 were reviewed retrospectively.The number of dilation,complications rate,short-term effects and recurrence rate of stenosis were analyzed.Results Thirty-six patients had post-surgery anastomotic stenosis within 2-49 months (median 6 months),including 10 (27.8%) patients of grade 1 stenosis,15 (41.7%) of grade 2 stenosis,and 11 (30.5%) of grade 3 stenosis.The anastomotic distance from anus was 3-24 cm (median 6 cm).The 36 patients underwent 80 times of EBD with mean time of 2.22.Among them,69.4% (25/36) cases received 1-2 times and 30.6% (11/36) received 3 times or more.During the EBD operation,14 (17.5%) patients had minor bleeding,and intraoperative or postoperative perforation did not appeared.Postoperative obstructive symptoms were relieved in all patients.The anastomotic diameter was greater than 20 mm and EBD treatment was successful.Postoperative follow-up was 22-76 months (median 44 months).Four (11.1%) patients had recurrence of anastomotic benign stenosis at 7,11,18,and 63 months after the last time of EBD,respectively,and the symptoms were improved after the second treatment.Conclusion EBD is safe and effective in treating benign colorectal anastomotic stenosis,with better short-term and long-term outcomes.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810780

ABSTRACT

In August 2018, The Chinese Consensus on Endoscopic Diagnosis and Management of Gastrointestinal Submucosal Tumors, which was formulated by the Surgical Group of Chinese Society of Digestive Endoscopology, the Chinese Physicians Association Endoscopy Branch Digestive Endoscopy Professional Committee, the Gastrointestinal Surgery Group of Chinese Society of Surgery, was published in Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery. This consensus is the first guideline in the area of gastrointestinal submucosal tumors (SMTs) in China, and it proposed the diagnosis and management procedure of SMTs from the endoscopists′ viewpoint. This consensus presents case selection principles and technical principles of endoscopic treatment of SMTs. For and the indication and contraindication of endoscopic treatment of SMTs, it is suggested that clinician choose optimal procedure according to disease′s characteristics and techniques of the clinician. In this review, the key contents of consensus are interpreted in detail. The application of endoscopic snare resection, endoscopic submucosal excavation, endoscopic full-thickness resection and submucosal tunneling endoscopic resection at different SMTs was summarized. At the same time, the controversies in endoscopic diagnosis and management of the SMTs, such as biopsy, indication of endoscopic treatment and new techniques of endoscopic therapy, were analyzed.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810584

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the safety and efficacy of dental floss traction-assisted endoscopic submucosal dissection (DFS-ESD) for rectal neuroendocrine neoplasm (NEN).@*Methods@#A retrospective cohort study was performed. Clinical data of rectal NEN patients undergoing ESD at Endoscopy Center of Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University from January 2016 to December 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. Inclusion criteria: 1) age of 18 to 80 years old; 2) maximal diameter of lesions <1.5 cm; 3) tumor locating in the submucosa without invasion into the muscularis propria; 4) no enlarged lymph nodes around bowel and in abdominal cavity; 5) ESD requested actively by patients. A total of 37 patients were enrolled, including 23 male and 14 female cases with mean age of (56.0±11.3) years. All the lesions were single tumor of stage T1, and the mean size was 0.8±0.2(0.5-1.2) cm. Postoperative pathology revealed all samples as neuroendocrine tumors (NET). Seventeen patients received DFS-ESD treatment (DFS-ESD group) and 20 patient received conventional ESD treatment (conventional ESD group). In DFS-ESD group, after the mucosa was partly incised along the marker dots, the endoscopy was extracted, and the dental floss was tied to one arm of the metallic clip. When the endoscope was reinserted, the hemoclip was attached onto the incised mucosa; another hemoclip was attached onto normal mucosa opposite to the lesion in the same way. The submucosa was clearly exposed with the traction of dental floss and the resection could proceed. The conventional ESD group received the traditional ESD operation procedure. The operation time, modified operation time (remaining time after excluding the assembly time of dental floss traction in DFS-ESD group), en bloc resection rate, R0 resection rate, morbidity of operative complication, recurrence and metastasis were compared between two groups.@*Results@#The average tumor size was (0.8±0.2) cm in DFS-ESD group and (0.7±0.2) cm in conventional ESD group (t=0.425, P=0.673). According to postoperative pathological grading of rectal neuroendocrine neoplasm, 13 were G1 and 4 were G2 in DFS-ESD group, while 17 cases were G1 and 3 cases were G2 in conventional ESD group without significant difference (P=0.680). There were no significant differences in baseline data between in the two groups (all P>0.05). All the basal resection margins were negative, the en bloc resection rate was 100% and the R0 resection rate was 100%. Pathological results showed tumor tissue close to the burning margin in 5 cases of conventional ESD group and in 2 cases of DFS-ESD group (P=0.416). The operation time was (17.9±6.6) minutes in conventional ESD group and (14.7±3.3) minutes in DFS-ESD group (t=1.776, P=0.084). The modified operation time of DFS-ESD group was (11.9±2.8) minutes, which was significantly shorter than (17.9±6.6) minutes in conventional ESD group (t=3.425, P=0.002). The hospital stay was (2.3±0.6) days and (2.0±0.5) days in conventional ESD group and DFS-ESD group, respectively, without significant difference (t=1.436, P=0.160). No patient was transferred to surgery, and no delayed bleeding or perforation occurred in either group. There was no recurrence or primary tumor-related death, and all the patients recovered well during a follow-up period of 14(1-24) months.@*Conclusion@#Dental floss traction-assisted ESD for rectal neuroendocrine neoplasm can simplify operation and ensure negative basal margin.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-711559

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical value of dental floss traction-assisted endoscopic full-thickness resection ( EFTR) for muscularis propria tumor in gastric fundus. Methods Twenty-four patients with muscularis propria tumor in gastric fundus and undergoing EFTR with traction of dental floss from January to December in 2016 in Endoscopy Center of Zhongshan Hospital were enrolled in the trial group. Another 24 patients undergoing traditional EFTR from January to December in 2015 were enrolled in the control group. The control group was paired with the trial group according to tumor size. The differences in tumor resection time, hospitalization time, and complication rate were compared between the two groups. Results There were no significant differences in the mean age and gender composition between the two groups ( both P>0. 05) . The tumor resection time of the trial group was shorter than that of the control group ( 10. 8 ± 2. 8 min VS 19. 0 ± 4. 7 min, t = 7. 298, P<0. 05 ) . There was no significant difference in postoperative hospital stay between the two groups ( 3. 2 ± 0. 5 days VS 3. 2 ± 0. 5 days, t=0. 291, P=0. 772) . No postoperative delayed bleeding or perforation and other complications occurred in the two groups. Conclusion Dental floss traction-assisted EFTR is safe and effective to treatment of muscularis propria tumors in gastric fundus, which can expose the tumor boundary, so that the surgical level may be clearer to simplify the operation and reduce the tumor resection time.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-711534

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the feasibility, safety and effectiveness of endoscopic submucosal dissection ( ESD) in the treatment of the synchronous multiple early cancer or precancerous lesions in esophageal and stomach. Methods A retrospective study was conducted on the data of 5 patients with synchronous multiple early cancer or precancerous lesions in esophageal and stomach who were treated by ESD in Endoscopy Center of Zhongshan Hospital from January 2008 to December 2013. The characteristics of lesions, and results of therapy and follow-up were analyzed. Results All 5 patients were male with mean age of 67. 8±13. 1 years. The mean size of esophageal lesions was 2. 1±0. 9 cm with 1 lesion located in the upper esophagus and 4 in the middle. The mean size of gastric lesions was 2. 5±1. 5 cm with 2 lesions in the antrum, 2 in the gastric angle and 1 in cardia. Lesions in 4 cases were removed at the same time and 1 at different times. All lesions achieved complete resection. Postoperative pathological results showed that there were 2 cases of esophageal precancerous lesions with gastric precancerous lesions, 2 cases of esophageal precancerous lesions with early gastric cancer, and 1 case of early esophageal cancer with early gastric cancer. The 5 patients with 10 lesions all achieved curative resection. Postoperative esophageal stricture occurred in 1 case, which was improved after dilation. Median follow-up time was 72 months, when 3 patients survived and 2 patients died. However, the cause of death was not associated with the treatment. Conclusion ESD is a minimally invasive endoscopic method for treating synchronous multiple primary early cancers in esophagus and stomach.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-663852

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the efficacy and safety of endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD)for colorectal SMTs. Methods In this retrospective study, 412 consecutive patients with colorectal SMTs who underwent ESD at Zhongshan Hospital of Fudan University from January 2008 to July 2014 were enrolled. Tumor histopathology,resection rate and complications were analyzed.Results Complete resection was achieved in 358(86.9%)lesions. Adverse events occurred in 13(3.2%)patients including bleeding and perforation. Multivariate analysis showed that the SMTs in the colon(OR=0.460,95%CI:0.232-0.911, P=0.014)and number of ESD procedures for colorectal SMTs(OR=0.421, 95% CI:0.211-0.837, P=0.026)were independent risk factors for non-complete resection.Moreover,SMTs in the colon(OR=0.253, 95%CI:0.067-0.957,P=0.043),tumors in the muscularis propria(OR=5.459,95%CI:1.162-25.638, P=0.032)and number of ESD procedures for colorectal SMTs(OR=0.198, 95% CI:0.058-0.674, P=0.010)were independent risk factors for adverse events. Conclusion ESD is safe and effective for resection of colorectal SMTs. Tumor location and the experience of endoscopists may influence the complete resection rate and the development of adverse events.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-493339

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the clinicopathological characteristics of upper gastrointestinal submucosal tumors ( SMTs ) . Methods Clinicopathological data of 1 743 patients with 1 775 upper gastrointestinal SMTs in our department from January 2008 to December 2012 were retrospectively analyzed. Results The first finding was that in 702 esophagus cases,leiomyoma(92?59%,650/702) was the most common type of esophageal SMTs. Second, in 1 045 gastric cases, there were 405 lesions at gastric fundus, the most common type of SMTs were 249 ( 61?48%) GISTs and 144 ( 35?56%) leiomyoma. In 307 lesions located at body,the most common type of SMTs were 143( 46?58%) GISTs and 90( 29?32%) leiomyoma. In 191 lesions located at antrum, the most common type of SMTs were 83( 43?46%) heterotopia pancreas and 45(23?56%) hamartoma, followed by 28(14?66%) lipoma and 20(10?47%) GISTs. In 142 lesions located at cardia, the most common type of SMTs was 110 ( 77?46%) leiomyoma. Third, in 28 duodenum cases, there were 19 lesions at duodenal bulb, the most common type of SMTs was 10 heterotopia pancreas, 4 Brunner gland adenoma and 3 GISTs. In 9 lesions located at descending duodenum,the most common type of SMTs was 4 lipomyoma, followed by 2 ectopic pancreas,1 GISTs and 2 others. Conclusion Leiomyoma is the most common type of esophageal SMTs. In gastric fundus and body, the most common type of SMTs are GISTs and leiomyoma. In antrum, the most common type of SMTs are heterotopia pancreas and hamartoma, but in cardia, that is leiomyoma.In duodenal bulb, the most common type of SMTs are heterotopia pancreas, Brunner gland adenoma and GISTs,and in descending duodenum, is lipomyoma.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-260318

ABSTRACT

With the development and maturation of endoscopic management, endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR), endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD), submucosal tunneling endoscopic resection (STER) and laparoscopic-endoscopic cooperative surgery (LECS) show absolute advantages in minimal invasion and functional preservation in the treatment of colorectal neoplasms. More and more endoscopic managements are carried out to treat colorectal neoplasms. The aim of this article is to summarize the application of endoscopic management for colorectal neoplasms.


Subject(s)
Colonoscopy , Colorectal Neoplasms , Humans , Laparoscopy
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