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1.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 291-296, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993087

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the influence of intensive magnet fields on radiation dose measurement, and to demonstrate the feasibility of measuring magnet field correction factor by a combination of medical linac with variable magnet fields in view of needing for accurate measurement of the doses from reference beam arising in MR image-guided radiotherapy.Methods:A photon radiation field and a variable field with 6 MV nominal high voltage were produced by using conventional medical electron linear accelerator equipped with a pair of electromagnets with magnetic field strength up to 1.5 T. Both PTW30013 and PTW31010 ionization chambers were used to test the responses of ionization chambers under different magnetic field strengths at four orientations in which the angles between ionization chamber axis and magnetic field direction were 0°, 180°, 90° and 270°, respectively. The magnetic factors, kB, M was calculated and compared with the reported values in literature. Results:The response of ionization chamber was proportional to the magnetic field strength before it reached to a peak around 1 T, and then fell down as the magnetic field continued to rise. When the magnetic field was 0.35 T, the magnetic factors of PTW31010 were 0.988 2±0.000 3 and 0.997 4±0.000 4 corresponding to 90° and 0° directions, the discrepancy between 0° scenario and literature was 0.05% ± 0.04%. When the magnetic field reached 1.5 T, the magnetic factor of PTW30013 was 0.958 9±0.000 5 at the situation of 90°, which was 0.60% ± 0.05% different from the literature value.Conclusions:Conventional 6 MV medical accelerator equipped with electromagnet can be used to measure the magnetic field factor of reference dosimetry for MRIgRT.

2.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 385-390,F2, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989467

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects and advantages of parachute technique in arterial anastomosis of living-donor renal transplantation with anatomical variations of renal artery.Methods:A total of 79 pairs of donors and recipients who received living-donor renal transplantation at the Department of Urology, Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University from January 2020 to November 2022 were retrospectively collected. 11 pairs with completeness data and multiple donor renal arteries were selected. According to the different techniques, the cases using parachute technique were classified as experimental group and other cases as control group using traditional two-three-point fixation technique. There were 5 pairs in the experimental group and 6 pairs in the control group. The medical records of the two groups were collected, containing general data, the state of donated kidney, the arterial reonstruction method, the condition of perioperation and recovery of recipients. Measurement data were expressed as mean ± standard deviation ( ± s). Student- t test was used for inter-group comparison. The Chi-square test or Fisher exact probability method were used to compare the count data of groups. Results:The donations of experimental group and control group were left-sided kidney. There were no statistical difference in age, gender, body mass index and estimated glomerular filtration rate of donors and recipients. The average number of renal arteries in the experimental group was 2.2, and that in the control group was 2.0. There were no statistical difference between the two groups in the mean time of transplantation surgery[(152.0±23.9) min vs (148.3±24.0) min], estimated blood loss [(90.0±41.8) mL vs (91.7±58.5) mL] and mean arterial anastomosis time [(21.0±5.4) min vs (20.8 ± 4.7) min]. At the end of arterial anastomosis, no case in the experimental group need acupuncture or secondary anastomosis, while the control group had 3 cases, the difference was statistically significant ( P=0.002). There was no statistical difference in the recovery of renal function and complications related to renal arteries between the two groups ( P>0.05). Conclusions:Parachute suture technique can more accurately achieve the purpose of layer-to-layer eversion suture of vascular wall under the condition of narrow arterial lumen, and will not significantly prolong the operation time. It may have a good application value in living kidney transplantation with renal artery variation.

3.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 680-684, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954275

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the feasibility and perioperative safety of retroperitoneal laparoscopic nephrectomy for autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) before kidney transplantation.Methods:A total of 22 patients with ADPKD who underwent laparoscopic polycystic nephrectomy before kidney transplantation in Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University from January 2013 to December 2020 were enrolled in this retrospective study. Preoperative epidemiological data, operation time, intraoperative blood loss, perioperative blood transfusion, conversion rate, postoperative gastrointestinal function recovery time, drainage tube placement time, postoperative hospital stay, incidence and severity of complications were collected.Results:The mean age of all patients in this study was (50.95±9.28) years old, and the mean preoperative polycystic kidney diameter was (18.83±2.38) cm. In all patients, 20 patients were scheduled for polycystic nephrectomy due to transplantation and 2 patients were done for polycystic renal cyst rupture and hemorrhage. The mean operation time of all patients was (191.14±70.46) min, and the median intraoperative blood loss was 100 mL. Among them, 5 patients had large intraoperative blood loss, and were given intraoperative blood transfusion. Two of all patients were converted to open due to severe intraoperative adhesions. In terms of postoperative recovery, the mean recovery time of gastrointestinal function was (2.09±0.61) d, the mean time of abdominal drainage tube placement was (5.32±2.08) d, the mean postoperative hospital stay was (7.55±2.34) d. In terms of postoperative complications, 4 patients developed postoperative incision pain, bleeding or other complications, but all improved after symptomatic treatment.Conclusions:For patients with ADPKD, original polycystic kidney can be effectively resected by retroperitoneoscopy before transplantation. At the same time, the operation time is short, and patients have quick postoperative recovery, even the incidence and severity of postoperative complications are low. Therefore, retroperitoneal laparoscopic nephrectomy can be used as the first choice for the removal of original polycystic kidney before renal transplantation in ADPKD patients.

4.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 676-680,C2, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954274

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the application value of three-dimensional image reconstruction technology based on 3D-slicer software in urology.Methods:The data of 36 patients with urinary tract diseases admitted to Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University from May 2019 to December 2021 were retrospectively analyzed, including 20 males and 16 females; the median age was 53.50(41.75, 66.25) years. There were 10 relative kidney transplant donors, 12 cases with renal tumors, 6 cases with hydronephrosis and 8 patients with urinary calculi. The CT urography data of 36 cases were reconstructed into three-dimensional image models based on 3D-slicer software, and the morphology of the target tissue was measured.Results:In the urinary system model of 10 relative kidney transplant donors constructed in this study, the type of donor renal artery was single artery in 7 cases and accessory renal artery in 3 cases; In the three-dimensional model of 12 tumor kidneys, 4 tumors were located at the upper part of the kidney (2 near ventral and 2 near dorsal), 5 tumors were located at the middle part of the kidney (2 near ventral and 3 near dorsal), and 3 tumors were located at the lower part of the kidney near ventral. The average maximum diameter of the tumors was (27.3 ± 9.63) mm, and the tumor volume was (15.89 ± 5.93) cm 2. The study also successfully constructed a three-dimensional image model of the urinary system in 6 patients with hydronephrosis and 8 patients with urinary calculi (without hydronephrosis). Three-dimensional model image reconstructed by 3D-slicer software clearly showed the spatial structure of renal parenchyma, blood vessels, renal pelvis, calyces and ureter. The diameter, position and direction of ureters and blood vessels can be observed clearly based on the three-dimensional reconstruction model, and clinicians could also evaluate the location, shape, size and adjacent relationship with surrounding tissues of renal cysts, tumors, stones or other masses. Conclusion:3D-slicer software platform can assist clinicians to reconstruct the three-dimensional model of urinary system, which is worthy of further clinical application.

5.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 663-668, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954272

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the factors related to the difficulty of adult allogeneic renal transplantation.Methods:Used retrospective study method, a total of 183 patients who were diagnosed with end-stage renal disease and underwent allogeneic kidney transplantation in Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University from January 2020 to December 2021 were included in this study. With kidney transplant operation time as the evaluation criteria of operation difficulty, relevant clinical indicators that may affect the difficulty of surgery were collected, including recipient age, body mass index, pretransplant dialysis mode, blood lipid level, subcutaneous fat thickness, vascular anastomosis mode, donor kidney length, donor kidney volume, etc. Pearson, Spearman correlation test were used to analyze the correlation between the above indexes and surgical difficulty.Results:In terms of recipients, higher body mass index ( P=0.006), peritoneal dialysis before transplantation ( P=0.035), higher serum cholesterol ( P=0.016) and triglyceride ( P<0.001), thicker subcutaneous fat ( P=0.032) and calcification of the vessels ( P<0.001) all lead to increase the difficulty of kidney transplantation, and also prolong the operation time; in terms of kidney donors, the longer and larger of transplanted kidney length ( P<0.001) and volume ( P<0.001), the longer operation time will be cost. Meanwhile, the anastomosis of complex multi-vessel between kidney transplantation and recipient was more difficult than single internal iliac artery and single external iliac artery anastomosis ( P=0.005), and the operation time was also longer. Conclusions:The degree of obesity before transplantation, dialysis mode, blood lipid level, donor kidney size and vascular anastomosis mode were all factors affecting the difficulty of kidney transplantation. For patients with those above risk factors, the operation may be difficult and the surgical time can be much longer. Physicians with more experience in kidney transplantation can be selected to shorten the operation time, even reduce complications after operation.

6.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 399-404,F3, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954221

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore whether prophylactic resection of orthotopic polycystic kidney before allogeneic kidney transplantation can reduce the incidence and severity of perioperative complications in patients with end-stage renal disease due to autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD), and reduce the difficulty of surgery.Methods:A retrospective case-control study method was used to recruit a total of 27 patients who were diagnosed with ADPKD and underwent allogeneic kidney transplantation in Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University from January 2013 to January 2021, they were divided into prophylactic resection group ( n=19) and non-prophylactic resection group ( n=8) according to whether orthotopic polycystic kidney disease was prophylactic resection before transplantation. Patients in prophylactic resection group underwent orthotopic polycystic kidney resection before transplantation, while patients in non-prophylactic resection group didn′t. The indexes such as hemoglobin, platelet, albumin, left ventricular wall thickness, left ventricular ejection fraction, difficulty of kidney transplantation, average postoperative hospital stay, pain, and complication rate before kidney transplantation were analyzed and compared between the two groups. Measurement data were expressed as mean ± standard deviation ( ± s), and independent sample t-test was used for comparison between groups; Chi-square test was used for comparison of enumeration data between groups. Results:There was no significant difference in the general status of hemoglobin, platelets, albumin, left ventricular wall thickness, and left ventricular ejection fraction between the two groups before kidney transplantation ( P>0.05). However, the polycystic kidney volume [(2 409.8±1 899.8) cm 3] in the prophylactic resection group was greater than that in the non-prophylactic resection group [(1 340.2±290.6) cm 3], and the difference was statistically significant ( P=0.027). In terms of postoperative complications, 9 patients in the prophylactic resection group and 5 patients in the non-prophylactic resection group developed long-term low back pain or hematuria after transplantation, which were considered to be related to the unresected polycystic kidney disease, but the difference was not statistically significant ( P=0.678). Meanwhile, in both two groups, 3 patients underwent orthotopic polycystic nephrectomy after transplantation due to severe polycystic kidney complications. Although the incidence of complications in the prophylactic resection group (15.8%) was lower than that in the non-prophylactic resection group (37.5%), the difference was not statistically significant ( P=0.319). Conclusion:Prophylactic resection of orthotopic polycystic kidney before kidney transplantation can reduce the incidence and severity of polycystic kidney-related complications after transplantation, but has little effect on the operation time and intraoperative blood loss of kidney transplantation.

7.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 948-952, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993958

ABSTRACT

Antibody-mediated rejection (AMR) is the primary factor affecting the long-term prognosis of kidney transplant recipients and kidney allograft. Currently, there is no universally recognized or approved drug for the treatment of AMR. Therefore, more novel drug studies and clinical trials are urgently needed in order to change the long-term prognosis of kidney transplant recipients. Based on the core principles of prevention and treatment of AMR, this paper discusses the mechanism and efficacy of several new types of drugs of most concern in the treatment of AMR from three aspects: removing donor specific antibody, blocking antibody-mediated and complement-mediated tissue damage, and inhibiting the proliferation and activation of antibody-producing cells. These emerging drugs have shown potential in preventing and treating AMR and improving the prognosis of recipients, which is expected to change the dilemma of AMR treatment in the future and provide more effective treatment options for improving the long-term prognosis of kidney transplant recipients.

8.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 1601-1606, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991204

ABSTRACT

National education, medical industry demand and external environment all put forward the demand of training "medical + X" compound medical talents. In recent years, the development of "medical + X" has provided a foundation for the establishment of related majors in the undergraduate stage. This paper analyzes the current situation of medical interdisciplinary development at home and abroad, summarizes the existing "medical + X" training model at the undergraduate level, and argues that the new "medical + X" majors should be supported by optimizing the system design and focusing on the interdisciplinary frontier. At the same time, the setting of new majors of "Medical + X" should also pay attention to the three characteristics of livelihood, faculty and employment.

9.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Health ; (6): 39-46, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973575

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the endocytosis and exocytosis of soluble uranium in human kidney proximal tubular epithelial (HK-2) cells and the cytotoxicity after uranium exposure. Methods Cell Counting Kit-8 assay was used to determine the cell viability after different concentrations of uranium exposure, and optical microscopy and transmission electron microscopy were used to observe the changes in cells after uranium exposure. Inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry was used to monitor the endocytosis and exocytosis of uranium over time by cells. Flow cytometry was used to assess the changes in cell cycle and apoptosis after uranium exposure. Results After uranium exposure, HK-2 cells showed dose-dependent damage; cell cycle was arrested in G1 phase; cell apoptosis and necrosis occurred; cell proliferation was inhibited. The content of endocytic uranium increased gradually within 24 h, and there was a threshold for uranium endocytosis, while the fraction of uranium binding to cell surface was low (< 0.2%). Over 40% of the endocytic uranium would be exocytosed within 1 h. Uranium could form needle-like precipitates in both intracellular and extracellular areas after uranium exposure. Conclusion After uranium exposure, cells show decreased viability, cell cycle arrest, and cell apoptosis. The process of endocytosis and exocytosis of soluble uranium is very rapid. HK-2 cells can convert soluble uranium into non-toxic precipitates.

10.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 684-689, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929679

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo observe the effect of twelve-week aerobic exercise on inhibitory control abilities and the change of brain activation in overweight children. MethodsFrom October to December, 2021, 20 overweight children from a primary school in Changping District were selected for a twelve-week aerobic exercise intervention. Their inhibitory control abilities were measured by Flanker task before and after intervention, while their brain activation levels during the task were detected by functional near infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS). ResultsThe interactions between task type and time of accuracy and reaction time in inconsistent tasks Flanker task were significant (F > 9.277, P < 0.05), with higher accuracy and lower reaction time of after intervention (P < 0.05). After intervention, ch1, ch2, ch3, ch6, and ch8 channels were activated by inconsistent tasks (P < 0.05). ConclusionA twelve-week aerobic exercise intervention could improve the inhibitory control ability, and increase the prefrontal cortex activation during inconsistent tasks in overweight children.

11.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 421-428, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923555

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To explore the affect of physical activity on neurocognitive function of overweight children.Methods The literatures about the effect of physical activity on neurocognitive function of overweight children were retrieved with subjected retrieval method in CNKI, VIP, Wanfang database, PubMed, Web of Science, EBSCO databases from January, 2000 to January, 2022. The authors, countries, published years, ages of subjects, research methods, intervention time, measurement tools and measurement indicators were extracted.Results Twelve articles were selected finally. These articles came from United States, Italy, Belgium and China, were mainly published in journals of psychology, clinical medicine, neuroscience, physical education. The study design included randomized controlled trials and pre-post-trial. The mean PEDro score was 6.67. The types of physical activity included fitness, skills and sports activities. The overweight children participating in physical activities could benefit from cognition and brain plasticity. On the cognition, physical activity could improve attention, memory, inhibitory control, working memory and cognitive flexibility. In terms of brain plasticity, physical activity could improve the integrity of brain white matter, increase hippocampal volume, enhance brain activation and brain network connectivity.Conclusion Physical activity is a simple and effective form of exercise. It can improve not only attention, memory, executive function and other cognitive functions, but also brain structure and brain function in overweight children. The mechanism of cognition, the interaction between physical activity and other factors, and the dose-relationship between physical activity and cognitive benefits still need to be explored in the future.

12.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 590-595, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907487

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical outcomes of neoadjuvant chemotherapy with Gemcitabine and Cisplatin (GC) for muscle-invasive bladder cancer (MIBC).Methods:Retrospective analysis of 67 MIBC patients admitted to Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University from December 2010 to June 2020. Fifty-five MIBC patients (cT2-T4aN0M0) underwent GC plus radical cystectomy-pelvic lymph node dissection. Pathological responses, prognosis and chemotherapy toxicities were analyzed. The Chi-square test and Fisher′s exact probability method were used to compare the count data between groups. The overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) were based on the Kaplan-Meier survival curve, and the Log-rank test was used to evaluate the difference between groups in the survival curve. Prognostic analysis adopts Cox proportional hazards regression model.Results:Fifty-five MIBC patients received GC plus radical cystectomy-pelvic lymph node dissection. The 81.8% patients ( n=45) received 2 cycles GC and 18.2% patients ( n=10) received 3 cycles. The complete pathological response (pT0N0M0) rate was 30.9% ( n=17) and partial response (pT 1/Tis/T aN 0M 0) rate was 10.9% ( n=6). Overall pathological response rate was 41.8%. The median follow-up was (47.0±37.7) months, 5-year OS were 82.2% and 22.1% (<pT 2 versus ≥pT 2, P<0.001), and DFS were 86.1% and 32.1% (<pT 2 versus ≥pT 2, P<0.001). Pathological response and positive lymph nodes were independent risk factors of overall survival and disease-free survival on multivariable analysis ( P<0.05). The most common chemotherapy toxicities were hematologic toxicities and gastrointestinal reactions, and none delayed surgery due to toxicities. Conclusion:Neoadjuvant GC plus radical cystectomy-pelvic lymph node dissection has a significant clinical benefit in MIBC patents and chemotherapy toxicities are well tolerated.

13.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Practice ; (6): 348-351, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882075

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish an UHPLC-MS/MS method for the determination of uracil (U) and dihydrouracil (UH2) in human plasma. Methods A positive ion detection mode was adopted on the Agilent 6460A mass spectrometer. Chlorouracil was used as the internal standard. 3% bovine serum albumin was used as surrogate plasma matrix. The pretreatment of plasma sample was completed based on liquid-liquid extraction with ethyl acetate. The chromatographic separation was achieved on an Agilent Poroshell 120 SB-Aq (2.1 mm×100 mm, 2.7 μm) column with gradient elution. The mobile phase was 5 mmol/L ammonium acetate aqueous solution and acetonitrile solution. The flow rate was 0.3 ml/min. The column temperature was 30°C. The injection volume was 5 μl. Results The linear range of uracil and dihydrouracil was 10.0-1500.0 ng/ml. Both of uracil and dihydrouracil had good linear relationship with correlation coefficient (r)>0.990. Both of inter- and intra-day precision was <15%. Conclusion The established method is simple, selective, and suitable for the determination of U and UH2 in human plasma.

14.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 874-877, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909636

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore diagnostic value of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) in patients with pulmonary infection after liver transplantation.Methods:The clinical data of 80 patients with pulmonary infection after liver transplantation in the the First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University from January 2016 to May 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. According to different pathogens, they were divided into bacteria infection group ( n=35) and non-bacteria infection group ( n=45). The general data, levels of serum TNF-α, C-reactive protein (CRP) and procalcitonin (PCT) were compared between the two groups. Logistic regression was performed to explore risk factors for pulmonary infection after liver transplantation. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were performed to analyze diagnostic value of TNF-α, CRP and PCT. Results:The levels of serum TNF-α, CRP and PCT in bacteria infection group were significantly higher than those in non-bacteria infection group ( P<0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that high TNF-α, CRP, and PCT levels were independent risk factors for bacterial pneumonia after liver transplantation. ROC analysis showed that sensitivity, specificity and areas under ROC curves (AUC) of TNF-α, CRP and PCT for diagnosis of bacterial pulmonary infection after liver transplantation were (80.12%, 72.12%, 80.18%), (83.45%, 73.46%, 83.38%) and (0.802, 0.751, 0.803), respectively. The AUC, sensitivity, and specificity between TNF-α and PCT for diagnosis of bacterial pulmonary infection after liver transplantation were similar ( P>0.05). The AUC, sensitivity and specificity of TNF-α for diagnosis of bacterial pulmonary infection after liver transplantation were better than those of CRP ( P<0.05). Conclusions:The diagnostic value of TNF-α for pulmonary infection after liver transplantation is similar to that of PCT, and is superior to CRP. It can be applied as a reliable index for identifying bacterial pneumonia and non-bacterial pneumonia.

15.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 3253-3267, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921422

ABSTRACT

Members of the ferric uptake regulator (Fur) protein family are bacterial transcriptional repressors that control iron uptake and storage in response to iron availability, thereby playing a crucial role in the maintenance of iron homeostasis. The fur null mutants of Pseudomonas aeruginosa could not be obtained because fur is an essential gene. In this study, We constructed a Fur inducibly expression strain Δfur/attB::PBAD-fur in order to study the effect of fur on the growth, biofilm formation, motilities and oxidative stress response of P. aeruginosa. The results showed that a low level of fur expression retarded the growth of P. aeruginosa at an iron-depleted condition, or under high concentration of iron, or in the presence of H2O2. Fur affected the biofilm formation and the motilities (swimming, twitching, and swarming) of strain PAO1. The production of pyoverdine is regulated by Fur. Interestingly, proteins from Magnetospirillum gryphiswaldense MSR-1, which shares homology with Fur, can partially recover the pyoverdine production of strain Δfur/attB::PBAD-fur. This study provides new clues for the prevention and treatment of P. aeruginosa infections.


Subject(s)
Bacterial Proteins/genetics , Hydrogen Peroxide , Magnetospirillum , Pseudomonas aeruginosa/genetics , Repressor Proteins/genetics
16.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 283-286, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911653

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the experience and skills of ex-vivo ureteroscopy that performed on deceased donor kidneys with gifted lithiasis on bench prior to transplantation.Methods:From January 2018 to December 2019, a total of 7 death donors in Capital Medical University Beijing Friendship Hospital were found to have donor gifted lithiasis during pre-donation evaluation, and all of them underwent ureteroscope laser lithotripsy on bench before transplantation. We retrospectively analysied the demographic information of donors, stone size, location, operative complications and stone clearance rate of the total 7 donor kidneys. The mean age of donors was (49.6±6.8) years. The 7 gifted lithiasis consisted of 6 cases of simple pyelolithiasis and 1 case of upper ureteral calculi.Results:The mean diameter of the stones was (1.2±0.5)cm (0.4~2.1 cm). The 5 cases of pyelolithiasis and 1 case of ureteral calculi were examined with semi-rigid ureteroscopy and then underwent holmium laser lithotripsy. The other 1 case had not found the stone during the bench operation. The mean lithotripsy time was (23.0±6.1)min, and all donor kidneys underwent hypothermic machine perfusion after lithotripsy. The initial resistance index (RI) of donor kidney with gifted lithiasis was higher than the other side of the same donor ( P<0.05), but there was no statistical difference in end-point RI between the both sides. None of the 7 recipients had severe hematuria after operation and their renal function recovered well. CT scan at 1 month after the operation showed the clearance of stone was satisfied in all 7 recipients. Conclusions:Bench surgery is a minimally invasive method for donor gifted lithiasis management, and it is relatively safe and effective. For most cases, the semi-rigid ureteroscopy can handle it well, but the long-term effect still needs to be further evaluated.

17.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 829-833,f4, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929951

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of intraoperative incision combined with local anesthesia in improving postoperative pain after retroperitoneal laparoscopic living donor nephrectomy.Methods:Using retrospective research methods, 28 donors who underwent hand-assisted retroperitoneal laparoscopic living donor nephrectomy at the Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University from January 2018 to December 2020 were selected as the research group. Before the wound was sutured during the operation use 0.2% ropivacaine 20 mL+ 5 mg dexamethasone to block the transverse abdominis fascia and subcutaneously for infiltration anesthesia. The other 1∶1 matched 28 donors who had the same operation method but used on-demand systemic opioid analgesia after the operation as the control group. The demographic indicators (age, gender, body mass index, length of donor kidney), intraoperative conditions (intraoperative blood loss, operation time, warm ischemia time), 2, 12, 24, and 48 hours pain visual analogue scales(VAS) after operation were compared between the two groups of patients, postoperative systemic opioid demand rate, postoperative exhaust time, time to return to the ground, complication rate (postoperative bleeding, lung infection, lymphatic fistula, wound infection, intestinal obstruction), postoperative length of hospitalization and other information. Measurement data were expressed as mean±standard deviation ( Mean± SD), and independent sample t-test was used for comparison between groups; Chi-square test or Fisher exact probability method was used for comparison of count data between groups. Results:The pain VAS of the donors in the research group were significantly lower than those in the control group at 2 h, 12 h, 24 h, and 48 h after surgery (2 h: 1.6±1.0 vs 3.9±1.1; 12 h: 1.9±0.7 vs 3.1±1.0; 24 h: 1.6±0.5 vs 2.9±0.8; 48 h: 1.2±0.5 vs 2.3±0.8; P<0.05). The donors in the research group postoperative morphine requirement rate was also significantly lower than that of the control group (0 vs 21.4%), and the postoperative recovery time was significantly earlier than that of the control group [(25.7±4.5) h vs (30.6±6.6) h], the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05). Lymphatic fistula was the main postoperative complication. There was no statistically significant difference between the research group and the control group (14.3% vs 25.0%) ( P>0.05). Conclusion:Intraoperative incision transversus abdominis fascia and subcutaneous combined local block anesthesia can effectively reduce the pain after laparoscopic donor nephrectomy, reduce the use of opioids, promote early postoperative activities of the donor, and will not increase postoperative complications incidence rate.

18.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 439-445, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869681

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the impact of metastatic site on the prognosis in patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC), and it′s value for modifying the International Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma Database Consortium (IMDC) criteria.Methods:The data of 218 patients pathologically diagnosed with mRCC were analyzed retrospectively in West China Hospital from Jan. 2009 to Dec. 2019. Among all patients, 71.6%(156/218) were male, and 89.0% (194/218) underwent nephrectomy. Most of the patients were pathologically diagnosed with renal clear cell carcinoma (176 patients, 80.7%). Lung (137/218, 62.8%) was the most observed metastatic site, following by bone (47/218, 26.1%), lymph node (37/218, 17.0%) and liver (23/218, 10.6%). All patients were classified into favorable (26 patients, 11.9%), intermediate (126 patients, 57.8%) or poor (37 patients, 17.0%) risk group according to IMDC criteria. Endpoints of this study were progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS) and tumor response. The impact of metastatic sites on patients’ prognosis was analyzed, and those that had significant relationship with prognosis were then added into IMDC criteria and a modifying IMDC model was established. Predictive value of this model was further evaluated by calculating concordance index (C-index).Results:In the whole cohort, median PFS and OS were 13.0 and 33.0 months. Survival analysis suggested that patients with bone ( P=0.004), brain ( P=0.042) and liver ( P=0.046) had significantly shorter OS. Thus, patients were divided into two groups: patients with bone/brain/liver metastasis (82 patients, 37.6%) and patients with other metastatic sites (136 patients, 62.4%). Compared with patients with other metastatic sites, those who with bone/brain/liver metastasis had inferior tumor response by TKIs treatment (disease control rate: 51.2% vs. 73.5%, P=0.004). Multivariate analysis suggested that bone/brain/liver metastasis had negative impact on OS (25.0 vs. 47.0 mo, P=0.039). Furthermore, bone/brain/liver metastasis also showed significant relationship with shorter OS in IMDC low (30.0 vs. 62.0 months, P=0.036), intermediate (31.0 vs. 48.0 months, P=0.048) or high (7.0 vs. 18.0 months, P=0.037) risk group, indicating that metastatic site had predictive value for prognosis of mRCC patients. Based on that, bone/brain/liver metastasis were added into the IMDC criteria, and weighting each parameter was weighted according to its coefficient to patients’ OS. Finally, a modified IMDC scoring system were established. C-index of this modified model was 0.669 (0.599 for current IMDC criteria). Conclusions:Bone/brain/liver metastasis in mRCC patients indicated a shorter OS duration. When adding bone/brain/liver metastasis as a predictive parameter for prognosis of mRCC patients into IMDC criteria, the modified IMDC criteria could offer more accurate prediction for patients’ survival.

19.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Practice ; (6): 466-468, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-825627

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the extraction methods for active components from oral ulcer film and optimize the determination methods of active components dexamethasone sodium phosphate and metronazole. Methods Different extraction solvents(methanol, water and 70% methanol aqueous) were applied to extract the active components dexamethasone sodium phosphate and metronazole from oral ulcer film, which contents were quantified by a HPLC method. Results the extraction solvent water had the best efficacy and more simpler compared to the other two solvents. Clotriazole showed a good linear relationship within 5.014 5-200.5800 μg/ml (r=0.999 8), and the average extraction recovery was (104.23±0.63)%, and for dexamethasone sodium phosphate, a good linear relationship was obtained in the range of 0.482-16.328 μg/ml (r=0.9999), and the average extraction recovery was (103.97±1.02)%. Conclusion The water extraction method established in this study was simple and efficient, which showed features of simplicity, accuracy and repeatable.

20.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1725-1731, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-823051

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To identi fy chemical components of Actinidia chinensis root rapidly ,and to provide reference for further material basis and quality control study of the crude medicine. METHODS :UHPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS technique was used to detect chemical components of A. chinensis root. The separation was performed on Waters XSelect HSS T 3 column with mobile phase consisted of 0.1% formic acid acetonitrile solution- 0.1% formic acid water solution (gradient elution )at the flow rate of 0.3 mL/min. The column temperature was set at 40 ℃,and sample size was 3 μL. Electrospray ion source was adopted,the data was collected under negative ion mode ;the scanning range was m/z 50-1 500;the drying gas temperature was 350 ℃,the atomizing air pressure was 45 psi,the capillary voltage was 3 500 V,and sheath gas temperature was 350 ℃. According to the information of excimer ion and secondary fragment ion ,the chemical components were identified by combining with the relevant literature ,the retention time of the reference substance and the law of mass spectrometry cracking. RESULTS & CONCLUSIONS :Totally 58 chemical components was identified ,which included 16 pentacyclic triterpenes (such as hydroxyasiatic acid ,asiatic acid ,maslinic acid,corosolic acid ,oleanic acid ,ursolic acid ,etc.),12 flavonoids(such as rutin ,quercitrin,cynaroside,astragalin,etc.),17 organic acids (such as cryptochlorogenic acid ,chlorogenic acid ,isochlorogenic acid A ,isochlorogenicacid C ,etc.). There were 9 components(such as procydanidin B 1,B2 and luteolin ,etc.)identified for the first time in A. chinensis root. UHPLC-Q-TOF-MS/ MS technique can be used for the rapid identification of chemical components in A. chinensis root.

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