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1.
Cancer Research on Prevention and Treatment ; (12): 655-661, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986563

ABSTRACT

Objective To reveal the mechanism of action of AS-Ⅳ on HepG2 cells based on molecular dynamics simulation and experimental evaluation. Methods We constructed a "drug-disease" network pharmacological map, analyzed the core genes of astragaloside Ⅳ (AS-Ⅳ) in HCC, screened key signaling pathways, and established a "drug-target" molecular dynamics model. In vitro assay was used to detect migration, proliferation and invasion abilities. Flow cytometry and qRT-PCR were used to detect the effect of AS-Ⅳ on the cell cycle and apoptosis, and the expression of core gene of HepG2. Results The core target of AS-Ⅳ acting on HCC was VEGFA. Compared with the control group, the high concentration of AS-Ⅳ significantly inhibited the migration, invasion and proliferation of HepG2 cells, blocked the metastasis of HepG2 cells from G1 to G2 phase, promoted their apoptosis, down-regulated VEGFA expression and up-regulated TGF-β1 expression. Conclusion AS-Ⅳ may inhibit the proliferation of hepatocellular carcinoma cells through multi-target and multi-pathway.

2.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 1076-1080, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800177

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the feasibility of a combination of gadolinium-ethoxybenzyl-diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid (Gd-EOB-DTPA) enhanced MR T1 mapping and liver volume to standard liver volume ratio in quantitative assessment of liver function.@*Methods@#Eighty patients who underwent Gd-EOB-DTPA enhanced MR T1 mapping were prospectively enrolled, and the Child-Pugh score and the model for end-stage liver (MELD) score were evaluated and grouped. Patients were divided into three groups according Child-pugh score as follows: normal liver function (NLF, n=26), liver cirrhosis with Child-Pugh A (LCA,n=30), liver cirrhosis with Child-Pugh B+C (LCB+LCC, n=24), and were also divided into two groups according MELD, MELD≤8 (n=57) and MELD≥9 (n=23). Variable flip angle T1 mapping sequences were performed before and 20 minutes after Gd-EOB-DTPA administration. T1pre, T1 post were measured on T1 maps and ΔT1 were calculated. The images of hepatobiliary phase were transferred to the workstation to measure liver volume (LV). Standard liver volume (SLV) were calculated with the heights and weights of patients, and then liver volume to standard liver volume ratio (LV/SLV) was calculated. One-way ANOVA was used to compared the indexes (T1post, T1 post×LV/SLV, ΔT1, ΔT1×LV/SLV) in different liver function groups of NLF,LCA,LCB+LCC. The t tests were used to compare the indexes (T1post, T1post×LV/SLV, ΔT1, ΔT1×LV/SLV) in MELD≤8 and MELD≥9 groups. ROC curve analysis was used to compare the diagnostic performance of T1post, T1post×LV/SLV, ΔT1, ΔT1×LV/SLV.@*Results@#T1post, T1post×LV/SLV, ΔT1, ΔT1×LV/SLV showed significant difference between different liver function groups (P<0.05). All the indexes can distinguish different groups. Multiplied by LV/SLV,the AUC of ΔT1×LV/SLV were 0.902 in the MELD≤8 and MELD≥9,which was slightly higher than that of ΔT1 (AUC=0.886). The AUCs of ΔT1×LV/SLV were 0.771, 1.000, 0.924 in the NLF and LCA, NLF and LCB+LCC, LCA and LCB+LCC groups, which were slightly higher than that of ΔT1 (0.764, 0.992, 0.904). The AUCs of T1post, T1post×LV/SLV were 0.824, 0.789 in the MELD≤8 and MELD≥9, respectively. The AUCs of T1post in the NLF and LCA, NLF and LCB+LCC, LCA and LCB+LCC groups were 0.713,0.987,0.915, respectively, and the AUCs of T1post×LV/SLV were 0.687,0.973,0.871.The AUCs of T1post×LV/SLV had a slightly lower AUC amongthe different liver function groups than T1post.@*Conclusion@#Gd-EOB-DTPA enhanced MRI T1 mapping is useful for estimating liver function. T1 relaxation times and reduction rates of T1 relaxation times with a combination of the LV/SLV may more reliably estimate liver function.

3.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 1076-1080, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824479

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the feasibility of a combination of gadolinium?ethoxybenzyl?diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid (Gd?EOB?DTPA) enhanced MR T1 mapping and liver volume to standard liver volume ratio in quantitative assessment of liver function. Methods Eighty patients who underwent Gd?EOB?DTPA enhanced MR T1 mapping were prospectively enrolled, and the Child?Pugh score and the model for end?stage liver (MELD) score were evaluated and grouped. Patients were divided into three groups according Child?pugh score as follows: normal liver function (NLF, n=26), liver cirrhosis with Child?Pugh A (LCA,n=30), liver cirrhosis with Child?Pugh B+C (LCB+LCC, n=24), and were also divided into two groups according MELD, MELD≤8 (n=57) and MELD≥9 (n=23). Variable flip angle T1 mapping sequences were performed before and 20 minutes after Gd?EOB?DTPA administration. T1pre, T1 post were measured on T1 maps and ΔT1 were calculated. The images of hepatobiliary phase were transferred to the workstation to measure liver volume (LV). Standard liver volume (SLV) were calculated with the heights and weights of patients, and then liver volume to standard liver volume ratio (LV/SLV) was calculated. One?way ANOVA was used to compared the indexes (T1 post, T1 post×LV/SLV, ΔT1, ΔT1×LV/SLV) in different liver function groups of NLF,LCA,LCB+LCC. The t tests were used to compare the indexes(T1post, T1post×LV/SLV, ΔT1, ΔT1×LV/SLV) in MELD≤8 and MELD≥9 groups. ROC curve analysis was used to compare the diagnostic performance of T1post, T1post×LV/SLV, ΔT1, ΔT1×LV/SLV. Results T1post, T1post×LV/SLV, ΔT1, ΔT1×LV/SLV showed significant difference between different liver function groups (P<0.05). All the indexes can distinguish different groups. Multiplied by LV/SLV,the AUC of ΔT1×LV/SLV were 0.902 in the MELD≤8 and MELD≥9,which was slightly higher than that of ΔT1 (AUC=0.886). The AUCs of ΔT1×LV/SLV were 0.771, 1.000, 0.924 in the NLF and LCA, NLF and LCB+LCC, LCA and LCB+LCC groups, which were slightly higher than that of ΔT1 (0.764, 0.992, 0.904). The AUCs of T1post, T1post×LV/SLV were 0.824, 0.789 in the MELD≤8 and MELD≥9, respectively. The AUCs of T1post in the NLF and LCA, NLF and LCB+LCC, LCA and LCB+LCC groups were 0.713,0.987,0.915, respectively, and the AUCs of T1post×LV/SLV were 0.687,0.973,0.871.The AUCs of T1post×LV/SLV had a slightly lower AUC amongthe different liver function groups than T1post. Conclusion Gd?EOB?DTPA enhanced MRI T1 mapping is useful for estimating liver function. T1 relaxation times and reduction rates of T1 relaxation times with a combination of the LV/SLV may more reliably estimate liver function.

4.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 603-607, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-807128

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the value of gadolinium-ethoxybenzyl-diethylenetriamine (Gd-EOB-DTPA) enhanced MRI T1 mapping in diagnosing and distinguishing dysplastic nodule (DN) and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) with different degrees of differentiation.@*Methods@#A retrospective study in the first affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University from September 2015 to December 2017 was conducted. Seventy-one patients with HCC or DN (a total of 79 lesions) that confirmed by biopsy or surgical pathology findings. Seventy-nine lesions were divided into DN (n=10), well differentiated HCC (n=15), moderately differentiated HCC (n=36) and poorly differentiated HCC (n=18) according to histopathology. All the patients underwent plain MRI scan and Gd-EOB-DTPA-MRI T1 mapping before surgery or needle biopsy. The T1 values of each lesion and non-tumorous liver parenchyma were measured on 20 min hepatobiliary phase (HBP) T1 mapping after Gd-EOB-DTPA administration, respectively. The increment rate of T1 value in lesions relative to non-tumorous liver parenchyma were calculated. One-way ANOVA was used to compare the differences of T1 value and the increment rate of T1 value of DN and 3 groups of HCC with different degrees of differentiation. Spearman correlation was used to evaluate the correlation between T1 mapping parameters and the malignancy degree of DN and HCC. Area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were used to evaluate the efficacy of T1 mapping parameters in the differential diagnosis of DN and HCC with different degree of differentiation.@*Results@#Significant differences were found in T1 value and increase rate of T1 value of DN and HCC with different degrees of differentiation (P< 0.05). The T1 value and increase rate of T1 value showed an increasing trend from DN to poorly differentiated HCC after enhancement. The T1 value and increase rate of T1 value were positively correlated with the malignancy of DN and HCC (r=0.418 and 0.634, P<0.01). There were significant differences in the increase rate of T1 value between well-differentiated HCC and moderately-differentiated, well-differentiated HCC and poorly-differentiated HCC, respectively (P<0.05). The area under ROC curve of T1 value and the increase rate of T1 value for differentiating DN from well-differentiated, moderately differentiated and poorly differentiated HCC was 0.933, 0.928, 0.939 and 0.867, 0.961, 0.961, respectively. The area under ROC curve of the increase rate of T1 value for differentiating well-differentiated HCC from moderately-differentiated, well-differentiated HCC from poorly-differentiated HCC was 0.770 and 0.844, respectively.@*Conclusions@#Gd-EOB-DTPA enhanced MRI combined with T1 mapping can provide valuable diagnostic information for identifying DN and HCC with different degrees of differentiation.

5.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1372-1376, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-704804

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To investigate the effects of dexmedetomidine on myocardial injury and postoperative cognitive function in patients with cardiopulmonary bypass(CPB)valve replacement. METHODS:A total of 90 patients underwent elective CPB valve replacement in our hospital during Jan. 2015-Dec. 2017 were divided into group C and group D according to random number table,with 45 cases in each group. Group D was given Dexmedetomidine hydrochloride injection 0.6 μg/kg after anesthesia induction and intravenous injection at 0.6μg/(kg·h)to the end of the operation;group C was given 0.9% Sodium chloride injection at equal volume and rate. SBP,DBP,HR and MAP were observed in 2 groups immediately before medication (T0),immediately after medication (T1), immediately after incision (T2), immediately after sternotomy (T3), immediately before CPB (T4), immediately after CPB stopping(T5)and immediately after operation(T6),respectively. The levels of CK-MB,H-FABP and cTnⅠwere observed at T0,T5,T6,at 6 h(T7)and 24 h(T8)after operation. The levels of S-100β protein and NSE were observed at T0, T8 and 72 h after operation (T9). MMSE and MoCA scores were observed 1 d before operation and 3,7 d after operation. The application of cardiovascular active drugs and the occurrence of ADR were observed during operation. RESULTS:SBP and DBP of group C at T2-T6,SBP at T4-T6 and DBP at T4 of group D were significantly lower than at T0;SBP and DBP of group D were significantly higher than group C at T4-T6. HR of 2 groups at T4 were significantly lower than at T0,while those of 2 groups at T5-T6 were significantly higher than at T0;the group D were significantly lower than group C at T2-T3. MAP of 2 groups at T2-T3 were significantly higher than at T0,and those of group D were significantly higher than group C at T4,with statistical significance(P<0.05). At T5-T8,the levels of CK-MB,H-FABP and cTnⅠ in 2 groups were significantly higher than at T0;the levels of CK-MB and cTnⅠ at T7-T8,the level of H-FABP at T5-T8 ingroup D were significantly lower than group C,with statistical significance(P<0.05). At T8-T9,the levels of S-100β protein and NSE in 2 groups were significantly higher than at T0,but the group D was significantly lower than group C,with statistical significance(P<0.05). MMSE scores and MoCA scores of 2 groups 3 d after operation,MMSE score and MoCA score of group C 7 d after operation were significantly lower than 1 d before surgery;those of group D 3,7 d after operation were significantly higher than group C,with statistical significance(P<0.05). The amount of dopamine and norepinephrine,the rate of adrenalin use in group D were significantly lower than group C,with statistical significance (P<0.05). There was no statistical significance in the amount of milrinone between 2 groups (P>0.05). The incidence of ADR in group D (6.7%) was significantly lower than group C(24.4%), with statistical significance(P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS:Dexmedetomidine is helpful for hemodynamic stability,relieve myocardial damage,and improve postoperative cognitive dysfunction in patients with CPB valve replacement with good safety.

6.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 633-637, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-618004

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of phenylephrine and norepinephrine on tissue oxygen metabolism in elderly patients undergoing fluid restriction. Methods Eighty elderly patients who had underwent elective colorectal surgery were selected, with ASA of Ⅰ-Ⅱ grade. The patients were divided into restricted fluid administration combined with phenylephrine group (group Ⅰ) and restricted fluid administration combined with norepinephrine group (groupⅡ) by random digits table with 40 cases each. The compound recipe sodium lactate was given at a rate of 5 ml/(kg · h). Small dose of phenylephrine was infused intravenously at 0.1-0.3μg/(kg · min) simultaneously during the surgery in group Ⅰ, or norepinephrine 0.01-0.03 μg/(kg · min) in group Ⅱ. Mean arterial pressure (MAP) was maintained ≥ 65 mmHg (1 mmHg = 0.133 kPa). The intraoperative blood loss was replaced with the equal volume of 6% hydroxyethyl starch 130/0.4. The blood gas analysis, hemoglobin and so on were determined before the surgery (T0), 1 h after beginning of surgery (T1), 2 h after beginning of surgery (T2) and at the time of leaving operation room (T3). The complications were recorded. Results There were no statistical differences in MAP, central venous pressure (CVP), heart rate, lactic acid, arterial partial pressure of oxygen, central venous oxygen pressure, central venous blood oxygen saturation, oxygen uptake rate, hemoglobin, albumin, blood urea nitrogen, creatinine and incidence of complication between 2 groups (P>0.05). The T1-3 hemoglobin and arterial oxygen content (CaO2), T1 and T3 venous oxygen content (CcvO2) and T2 atrerial venous oxygen content differences (Da-cvO2) in groupⅠwere significantly higher than those in groupⅡ, hemoglobin:(103.8 ± 7.9) g/L vs. (110.8 ± 8.6) g/L, (101.7 ± 7.7) g/L vs. (107.3 ± 7.8) g/L and (101.6 ± 6.9) g/L vs. (106.8 ± 5.6) g/L; CaO2: (140.6 ± 9.7) mmol/L vs. (149.6 ± 10.5) mmol/L, (137.5 ± 9.3) mmol/L vs. (144.9 ± 10.2) mmol/L and (137.2 ± 9.2) mmol/L vs. (143.1 ± 8.9) mmol/L;CcvO2:(119.8 ± 10.2) mmol/L vs. (126.4 ± 10.8) mmol/L and (102.3 ± 8.6) mmol/L vs. (108.5 ± 8.9) mmol/L;Da-cvO2:(19.6 ± 3.9) mmol/L vs. (23.0 ± 4.5) mmol/L, and there were statistical differences (P<0.05). Conclusions Phenylephrine has more effect on tissue oxygen metabolism in the elderly patients undergoing fluid-restricted abdominal surgery.

7.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 366-369,379, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-603158

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the values of quantitative parameters of DCE-MRI in diagnosis of benign and malignant liver tumors and to explore its diagnostic efficacy.Methods Consecutive 25 patients with benign or malignant liver tumors underwent plain scanning and dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI,and total 28 lesions were confirmed by pathology or follow-up.The DCE-MRI quantitative parameters (Ktrans ,Kep ,Ve and iAUC)of the lesions and the surrounding normal liver tissue were acquired.The inde-pendent sample t test was used to compare the quantitative parameters between different tumors.The optimal parameters values of benign and malignant liver tumors were determined by plotting ROC curves.Results The mean quantitative parameters of HCC and benign lesions were larger than those of the surrounding normal liver tissue.Ktrans ,Kep and iAUC between HCC and surrounding nor-mal liver tissue had significant differences (P <0.05),Ktrans and iAUC between benign lesions and surrounding normal liver tissue had a significant difference (P <0.05).Ktrans ,Kep and iAUC between HCC and benign lesions had significant differences (P <0.05). The diagnostic effectiveness of Ktrans = 0.21 5 min-1 ,with sensitivity of 81.3% and specificity of 66.7%,was greater than that of Kep =0.477 and iAUC=24.706.Conclusion The DCE-MRI quantitative analysis can provide a reference for the differential diagnosis of HCC from benign liver tumors.

8.
Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences. 2014; 30 (3): 472-476
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-142391

ABSTRACT

Spontaneous rupture of hepatocarcinoma [HCC] is a fatal complication of advanced HCC and is associated with poor prognosis. However, there is no consensus on the best approach to treat hemoperitoneum due to ruptured HCC. In this paper, we evaluate and discuss the outcomes of different treatment methods employed at our center for ruptured HCC. We reviewed the medical records of 132 patients diagnosed with ruptured HCC at our hospital from January 2003 to December 2012 and evaluated and compared the outcomes of five treatment methods for ruptured HCC: conservative treatment, surgical hemostasis, transarterial embolization [TAB], and one-and two-stage resections. There was no significant difference in the median survival time between the conservative treatment and surgical hemostasis groups. Patients in the TAE alone group had a better prognosis than those in the conservative treatment and surgical hemostasis groups. The survival time of the tumor resection group was obviously better than that of the conservative treatment, surgical hemostasis, and TAE alone groups, but no significant difference was observed between the one-stage and two-stage resection groups. One-stage hepatectomy is a better option for patients with preserved liver function, whereas TAE is a better option for those with poorly preserved liver function

9.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 815-820, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-440370

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the role of Gd-EOB-DTPA dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) with multi-detector row computed tomography (MDCT),and to determine the sensitivity,specificity and accuracy in focal hepatic lesions.Methods A retrospective analysis was conducted on 32 patients with focal hepatic lesions who had undergone MRI and MDCT examinations.These patients were divided into two groups:the CT group and the MRI group.The results were analysed using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves.Result There were 185 focal hepatic lesions.The sensitivity,specificity and the area under the ROC curve (AUC) were 86.5%,90.9%,0.855,respectively for the MRI group and they were significantly higher than the CT group (63.6%,54.5%,0.532).For detection of lesions <1 cm,the sensitivity,specificity and the area under the ROC curve (AUC) for the MRI group were 90%,86.6%,0.886,respectively,which were also significantly higher than the CT group (50.5%,45.5%,0.500).When combined with pathological findings and follow-up,the diagnostic accuracy was 40.6% using Gd-EOB-DTPA DCE-MRI.Conclusion Gd-EOB-DTPA DCE-MRI has a higher detection rate,better accuracy and diagnostic value for focal liver lesions (<1 cm) than MDCT.

10.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 1233-1236, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-420592

ABSTRACT

Objective We analyzed the curative effect of ERCC1 and RRM1 expression on the Neo-adjuvant Chemotherapy of stage Ⅲ NSCLC to investigate the guiding function of ERCC1 and RRM1 expression in chemotherapy regimen containing platinum.Methods Branch DNA-liquid phase chip methods were used to detect ERCC1 and RRM1 expressions before chemotherapy in 80 cases of stage Ⅲ NSCLC confirmed by pathology.All patients received 2 periods Neo-adjuvant Chemotherapy with GP regimen.According to WHO efficacy appraisal standard,the Enhanced Scan of CT showing reaching complete remission or partial remission was effective or stable,otherwise the progression was considered ineffective.Results For the 80 cases of stage Ⅲ NSCLC,the treatment for 20 of the 25 patients with low expressions of both ERCC1 and RRM1 were effective with an effective rate of 80.0%;The treatment for 14 of the 23 patients with low expressed ERCC1 and high expressed RRM1 were effective with an effective rate of 60.9%;The treatment for 10 of the 20 patients with high expressed ERCC1 and low expressed RRM1 were effective with an effective rate of 50.0%;and the treatment for 4 of the 12 patients with both high expression were effective with an effective rate of 33.3%.The difference of effective rates among the four groups had statistical significance ( x2=7.81,P<0.05 ) with group A having significantly higher rate than the other three groups and group B and group C having significantly higher rate than group D ( P<0.05 ).Conclusion ERCC1 detection has guiding significance on the regimen selection of NSCLC Neo-adjuvant Chemotherapy.It was worthwhile to use ERCC1 detection widely in the individualized treatment of the stage Ⅲ NSCLC before surgery.

11.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 285-288,后插5, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-552682

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the possibility of gelatin sponge as supporter of central nervous tissue engineering. Methods Primary NSCs were isolated from forebrain of neonatal Sprague Dawley rats and cuhured in serum-free medium for long-term survival in vitro. Neural stem cells were divided into absorbable gelatin sponge group and control group.Observe their morphology and proliferation.Immunofluorescence technique were used to test the results of differentiation of two groups of neural stem cells. Resultes NSCs in absorbable gelatin sponge group and control group survived and there was no conspicuous change in shape and quality. The rates of survival cell were 91.6% and 92.8% respectively, which was no significant difference between them.NSCs could adherented to the surface of the gelatin sponge and well-grown.After induced differentiation,NSCs started to shrink and stretch,axons grown and connected with each other,till form network structure.The expression of neuroglia cell marker GFAP and neuron cell marker NSE could be detected by immunofluorescence assay. Couclusion Neural stem cells and gelatin sponge can mixed and cultivating together in vitro.NSCs is no conspicuous change.It is suggested that absorbable gelatin sponge can serve as the carrier of the tissue engineering of central nervous system.

12.
Chinese Journal of Bases and Clinics in General Surgery ; (12)2003.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-545236

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical outlook of hepatic stem cells and its relations with liver cancer. Methods The literatures of recent years on the studies of hepatic stem cells were reviewed. Results Liver cancer may consist of cells of various differentiation grades and it may result from the perodifferentiated hepatic stem cells or abnormal differentiated cells. Conclusion The hypothesis of hepatic stem cells has been identified extensively. Further study maybe helpful for revealing the origin, carcinogenesis of hepatic cancer, and may also be useful for the understanding of the mechanism of metastasis.

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