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1.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 788-792, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923278

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical features and prognosis of pregnant women with HBV-related acute-on-chronic liver failure (HBV-ACLF). Methods A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 26 pregnant women with HBV-ACLF who were admitted to Shanghai Public Health Clinical Center from June 2008 to July 2020, including age, gestational weeks at disease onset, parity, initial symptoms, complications on admission, laboratory markers [white blood cell count, hemoglobin, platelet count, alanine aminotransferase, total bilirubin (TBil), albumin, serum creatinine, Model for End-Stage Liver Disease (MELD) score, HBsAg, and HBV DNA], abdominal ultrasound, mode of delivery, fetus conditions, treatment measures, and prognosis. The t -test was used for comparison of normally distributed continuous data between two groups, and the Wilcoxon rank-sum test was used for comparison of non-normally distributed continuous data between two groups; the chi-square test and the Fisher's exact test were used for comparison of categorical data between two groups. Results Among the 26 patients, 8 died within 28 days after disease onset, and the mortality rate reached 30.8%. There were 22 multiparous patients, accounting for 84.6%, and HBV-ACLF often occurred in the third trimester of pregnancy (20/26, 76.9%), with a mean gestational age of 30.9±5.8 weeks. HBV-ACLF often had atypical clinical manifestations, and initial symptoms included weakness, poor appetite (21/26, 80.8%), and yellow urine (19/26, 73.1%). Compared with the survival group, the death group had significantly higher levels of TBil ( Z =-2.056, P =0.041), prothrombin time ( Z =-2.362, P =0.016), international normalized ratio ( Z =-2.528, P =0.009), and MELD score ( Z =-2.223, P =0.026), a significantly longer time from initial symptom to diagnosis ( Z =-2.468, P =0.021), significantly higher HBV DNA level ( χ 2 =7.571, P =0.021), degree of hepatic encephalopathy ( χ 2 =24.775, P < 0.001), and incidence rate of complications ( χ 2 =5.951, P =0.042), and significantly lower levels of fibrinogen ( Z =-2.667, P =0.006) and prothrombin time activity ( Z =-2.365, P =0.016). Conclusion HBV-ACLF is a serious complication in the third trimester of pregnancy and is often observed in multiparous patients, with an extremely high short-term mortality. It often has atypical clinical manifestations in the early stage, and high MELD score, high viral load, and complications often indicate a poor prognosis.

2.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 565-569, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873799

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the clinical features of acute hepatitis E (AHE) patients with or without severe jaundice and the risk factors for severe jaundice. MethodsA retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 179 AHE patients who were admitted to Shanghai Public Health Clinical Center Affiliated to Fudan University from January 1, 2018 to March 26, 2020. According to whether total bilirubin (TBil) was >171 μmol/L, the patients were divided into AHE-mild jaundice (AHE-M) group and AHE-severe jaundice (AHE-S) group, and the two groups were compared in terms of clinical data and laboratory markers. The t test or the Mann-Whitney U test or the chi-squared test was used for comparison, and a binary logistic regression analysis was used to identify independent risk factors. ResultsOf all 179 patients, 101 (56.42%) were found to have severe jaundice. Compared with the AHE-M group, the AHE-S group had a significantly higher proportion of male patients (80.20% vs 61.54%, χ2=7.612, P=0.006), a significantly longer length of hospital stay [29 (19-45) days vs 18 (14-22) days, Z=-6.035, P<0.001], a significantly higher number of patients with liver failure (23 vs 0, χ2=18.373, P<0.001), and a significantly poorer prognosis (P<0.001). Compared with the AHE-M group, the AHE-S group had significantly higher baseline anti-HEV-IgM, alpha-fetoprotein, and liver elasticity (Z=-3.534, -3.588, and -4.496, all P<0.001), significantly lower baseline CD4 (Z=-2.015, P<0.05), significantly higher peak values of TBil, direct bilirubin, creatinine, prothrombin time, international normalized ratio, and absolute neutrophil count (Z=-11.016, -10.926, -2.726, -4.787, -4.989, and -6.016, all P<0.01), a significantly lower peak value of gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT) (Z=-4.55, P<0001), and significantly lower valley values of albumin, prealbumin (PA), and absolute lymphocyte count (Z=-4.685, -5.087, and -4.818, all P<0.001). The logistic regression analysis showed that anti-HEV-IgM (odds ratio [OR]=1.022, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1005-1.039, P=0.012), GGT (OR=0.995, 95%CI: 0.993-0.998, P=0.001), PA (OR=0.991, 95%CI: 0.983-0.999, P=0.02), and neutrophils (OR=1.486, 95%CI: 1.169-1.889, P=0.001) were independent risk factors for severe jaundice in AHE patients. ConclusionThere is a relatively high proportion of male patients among the AHE patients with severe jaundice, with a long length of hospital stay, a large number of patients with liver failure, and poor prognosis. Anti-HEV-IgM, GGT, PA, and neutrophils are independent risk factors for severe jaundice in AHE patients.

3.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 425-428, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873415

ABSTRACT

Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) is a common serious complication of end-stage liver disease. Intestinal microecology is closely associated with the development, progression, and prognosis of SBP, and bacterial translocation is the key pathogenesis of SBP. This article summarizes the intestinal microecology in patients with liver cirrhosis and briefly describes the mechanism of action of intestinal flora in the development and progression of SBP, thus providing a theoretical basis for the clinical regulation of intestinal microecology and treatment of SBP.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870184

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the effects of angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor/angiotensin receptor blocker (ACEI/ARB) on coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients with hypertension, and to provide an evidence for selecting antihypertensive drugs in those patients.Methods:Clinical data were retrospectively analyzed in 58 COVID-19 patients with hypertension admitted to Shanghai Public Health Clinical Center from January 20 to February 22, 2020, including epidemiological history, clinical manifestations, laboratory findings, chest CT and outcome. Patients were divided into ACEI/ARB group and non-ACEI/ARB group.Results:Twenty-six patients were in ACEI/ARB group and the other 32 patients in non-ACEI/ARB group, with median age 64.0 (49.5, 72.0) years and 64.0 (57.0, 68.8) years respectively. The median time to onset was 5(3, 8) days in ACEI/ARB group and 4 (3, 7) days in non-ACEI/ARB group, the proportion of patients with severe or critical illness was 19.2% and 15.6% respectively. The main clinical symptoms in two groups were fever (80.8% vs. 84.4%) and cough (23.1% vs. 31.3%). The following parameters were comparable including lymphocyte counts, C-reactive protein, lactate dehydrogenase, D-dimer, bilateral involvement in chest CT (76.9% vs. 71.9%), worsening of COVID-19 (15.4% vs. 9.4%), favorable outcome (92.3% vs. 96.9%) between ACEI/ARB group and non-ACEI/ARB group respectively (all P>0.05). However, compared with non-ACEI/ARB group, serum creatinine [80.49 (68.72, 95.30) μmol/L vs. 71.29 (50.98, 76.98) μmol/L, P=0.007] was higher significantly in ACEI/ARB group. Conclusions:ACEI/ARB drugs have no significant effects on baseline clinical parameters (serum creatine and myoglobin excluded) , outcome, and prognosis of COVID-19 patients with hypertension. Antihypertensive drugs are not suggested to adjust in those patients, but the potential impairment of renal function as elevation of serum creatinine should be paid attention in patients administrating ACEI/ARB drugs.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867603

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinical features of patients with corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Shanghai and the risk factors for disease progression to severe cases.Methods:The clinical data of 292 adult patients with COVID-19 hospitalized in Shanghai Public Health Clinical Center from January 20 to February 10, 2020 were retrospectively analyzed, including 21 severe patients and 271 mild patients. The demographic characteristics, epidemiological history, history of underlying diseases and laboratory tests were compared between the two groups. Measurement data were compared using t test or Mann-Whitney U test. The count data were compared using chi-square test. The binary logistic regression equation was used to analyze the risk factors for the progression of patients to severe cases. Results:Among the 292 patients, there were 21 severe cases with the rate of 7.2%. One patient died, and the mortality rate was 4.8% in severe patients. The severe patients aged (65.5±15.7) years old, and 19 (90.5%) were male, 11 (52.4%) had underlying diseases, seven (33.3%) had close relatives diagnosed with COVID-19. The mild patients aged (48.7±15.7) years old, and 135 (49.8%) were male, 74 (27.3%) had underlying diseases, 36 (13.3%) had close relatives diagnosed with COVID-19. The differences between two groups were all significant statistically ( t=-4.730, χ2=12.930, 5.938 and 4.744, respectively, all P<0.05). Compared with the mild patients, the levels of absolute numbers of neutrophils, alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, lactate dehydrogenase, creatinine, serum cystatin C, C reactive protein (CRP), procalcitonin, D-dimer, pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (proBNP), serum myoglobin, creatine kinase (CK), creatine kinase isoenzyme (CK-MB), serum cardiactroponin I (cTn I) in severe patients were all significantly higher ( U=2 091.5, 1 928.0, 1 215.5, 729.0, 1 580.5, 1 375.5, 947.5, 789.5, 1 209.0, 1 434.0, 638.0, 964.5, 1 747.5 and 1 258.0, respectively, all P<0.05), while the levels of lymphocyte count, albumin, transferrin, CD3 + T lymphocyte count, CD8 + T lymphocyte count and CD4 + T lymphocyte count in severe patients were all significantly lower ( U=1 263.5, t=4.716, U=1 214.0, 962.0, 1 167.5 and 988.0, respectively, all P<0.05). Further logistic regression analysis showed that the albumin (odds ratio ( OR)=0.806, 95% confiderce interval ( CI)0.675-0.961), serum myoglobin ( OR=1.010, 95% CI 1.004-1.016), CRP ( OR=1.016, 95% CI 1.000-1.032), CD3 + T lymphocyte count ( OR=0.996, 95% CI 0.991-1.000) and CD8 + T lymphocyte count ( OR=1.006, 95% CI 1.001-1.010) at admission were independent risk factors for the progression of COVID-19 patients to severe illness (all P<0.05). Conclusions:Severe patients with COVID-19 in Shanghai are predominantly elderly men with underlying diseases. Albumin, CRP, serum myoglobin, CD3 + T lymphocyte count and CD8 + T lymphocyte count could be used as early warning indicators for severe cases, which deserve more clinical attention.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828550

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the efficacy and safety of hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) in the treatment of patients with moderate coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).@*METHODS@#We prospectively enrolled 30 treatment-naïve patients with confirmed COVID-19 after informed consent at Shanghai Public Health Clinical Center. The patients were randomized 1:1 to HCQ group and the control group. Patients in HCQ group were given HCQ 400 mg per day for 5 days plus conventional treatments, while those in the control group were given conventional treatment only. The primary endpoint was negative conversion rate of SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid in respiratory pharyngeal swab on days 7 after randomization. This study has been approved by the Ethics Committee of Shanghai Public Health Clinical Center and registered online (NCT04261517).@*RESULTS@#One patient in HCQ group developed to severe during the treatment. On day 7, nucleic acid of throat swabs was negative in 13 (86.7%) cases in the HCQ group and 14 (93.3%) cases in the control group (>0.05). The median duration from hospitalization to virus nucleic acid negative conservation was 4 (1,9) days in HCQ group, which is comparable to that in the control group [2 (1,4) days, Z=1.27, >0.05]. The median time for body temperature normalization in HCQ group was 1 (0,2) day after hospitalization, which was also comparable to that in the control group [1 (0,3) day]. Radiological progression was shown on CT images in 5 cases (33.3%) of the HCQ group and 7 cases (46.7%) of the control group, and all patients showed improvement in follow-up examinations. Four cases (26.7%) of the HCQ group and 3 cases (20%) of the control group had transient diarrhea and abnormal liver function (>0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The prognosis of COVID-19 moderate patients is good. Larger sample size study are needed to investigate the effects of HCQ in the treatment of COVID-19. Subsequent research should determine better endpoint and fully consider the feasibility of experiments such as sample size.


Subject(s)
Betacoronavirus , China , Coronavirus Infections , Diagnostic Imaging , Drug Therapy , Humans , Hydroxychloroquine , Therapeutic Uses , Pandemics , Pilot Projects , Pneumonia, Viral , Diagnostic Imaging , Drug Therapy , RNA, Viral , Treatment Outcome
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817577

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the clinical features of patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Shanghai and to investigate the risk factors for disease progression to severe cases. Methods The clinical data of 292 adult patients with COVID-19 hospitalized in Shanghai Public Health Clinical Center from January 20, 2020 to February 10, 2020 were retrospectively analyzed, including 21 severe patients and 271 mild patients. The demographic characteristics, epidemiological history, history of underlying diseases and laboratory examinations were compared between the two groups. Measurement data were compared using t test or Mann-Whitney U test. The count data were compared using hi-square test. The binary logistic regression equation was used to analyze the risk factors for the progression of patients to severe cases. Results Among the 292 patients, 21 were severe cases with the rate of 7.2% (21/292). One patient died, and the mortality rate was 4.8% in severe patients. The severe patients aged (65.0±15.7) years old, 19 (90.5%) were male, 11 (52.4%) had underlying diseases, 7 (33.3%) had close relatives diagnosed with COVID-19. The mild patients aged (48.7±15.7) years old, 135 (49.8%) were male, 74 (27.3%) had underlying diseases, 36 (13.3%) had close relatives diagnosed with COVID-19. The differences between two groups were all significant statistically ( t =-4.730, χ 2 =12.930, 5.938 and 4.744, respectively, all P <0.05). Compared with the mild patients, the levels of absolute numbers of neutrophils, alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, lactate dehydrogenase, creatinine, serum cystatin C, C reactive protein (CRP), procalcitonin , D -dimer, pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (proBNP), serum myoglobin, creatine kinase (CK), creatine kinase isoenzyme (CK-MB), serum troponin I (cTnI) in severe patients were all significantly higher ( U =2 091.5, 1 928.0, 1 215.5, 729.0, 1 580.5, 1 375.5, 917.5, 789.5, 1 209.0, 1 434.0, 638.0, 964.5, 1 258.0 and 1 747.5, respectively, all P <0.05), while the levels of lymphocyte count, albumin, transferrin, CD3 + T lymphocyte count, CD8 + T lymphocyte count and CD4 + T lymphocyte count in severe patients were all significantly lower ( U =1 263.5, t =4.716, U =1 214.0, 962.0, 1 167.5 and 988.0, respectively, all P <0.05). Further logistic regression analysis showed that the albumin (odds ratio ( OR )=0.806, 95% CI 0.675-0.961), CRP ( OR =1.016, 95% CI 1.000-1.032), serum myoglobin ( OR =1.010, 95% CI 1.004-1.016), CD3 + T lymphocyte count ( OR =0.996, 95% CI 0.991-1.000) and CD8 + T lymphocyte count ( OR =1.006, 95% CI 1.001-1.010) at admission were independent risk factors for the progression of COVID-19 patients to severe illness (all P <0.05). Conclusions Severe cases of patients with COVID-19 in Shanghai are predominantly elderly men with underlying diseases. Albumin, CRP, serum myoglobin, CD3 + T lymphocyte count and CD8 + T lymphocyte count could be used as early warning indicators for severe cases, which deserve more clinical attention.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-443370

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the impact of intervention with Insulin therapy management unit program in the poorly controlled type 2 diabetic patients in a community of Shanghai.Methods There were 55 patients with type 2 diabetes with poorly controlled hyperglycemia (HbA1C ≥ 8%) enrolled in this study.They were divided at random into 2 groups:intensive care group and standard care group.The subjects in intensive care group were provided with a glucose meter and required to monitor their blood glucose levels at least 2 or 3 times per day.Community health provider acquired information of blood glucose level,episodes of hypoglycemia,and dosage of insulin every week by cell phone.Standard care patients received diabetes care from the same provider in outpatient clinic every month.Results By the end of 6 months of intervention,the intensive care group showed a significant difference in HbA1C as compared to the standard care group (7.40% ±0.91% vs 8.65 % ± 1.28%,P<0.01).The frequency of self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) was 4 times per month in both groups at baseline.After intervention,the frequency of SMBG in intensive care group was greatly increased compared to standard care group (50times per month vs 5 times per month,P<0.01).The frequency of self-reported hypoglycemia in intensive care group was increased compared to standard care group (3 times per month vs once per month,P<0.01).The average daily dose of insulin in intensive care group was increased 6 units by the end of the present study(P>0.05).Conclusion After 6 months of intervention,the glycemic control was obviously improved in type 2 diabetic patients treated with insulin and the daily dose of insulin was not increased significantly.TheInsulin therapy management unit is effective and safe.

10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-628140

ABSTRACT

H7N9 avian influenza is the latest subtype of influenza virus to emerge in the world. By April 17, 2013 in Shanghai, a total of 31 confirmed cases were reported, and 11 of these patients died. The epidemiological characteristics and the clinical progress of this new human flu infection are still not clear. Thirteen confirmed patients have now been treated in Shanghai Public Health Clinical Center. Among the first batch of patients, hospitalised at the beginning of April 2013, two who were admitted with the same estimated date of onset of disease had very different outcomes. After active treatment at the Centre, one recovered by April 18, 2013, but one patient entered critical condition and died on April 11, 2013. The clinical and laboratory characteristics in hospital are here analysed and compared to learn more about H7N9 avian influenza. Confirmation that the observed differences are valuable for prognosis and treatment decisions for H7N9 patients awaits authentication by analysis of more patients.


Subject(s)
Influenza in Birds , Influenza A Virus, H7N9 Subtype , Communicable Diseases , Laboratories
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-429948

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the characteristics of clinical symptoms and serum brain-derived neurotrophic factor(BDNF)level between depressive patients with and without attempted suicide behavior.Methods Serum BDNF level in depressive patients with(n=36)and without(n=55)attempted suicide behavior were assayed by ELISA,the severity of depression was measured by Hamilton rating scale for depression(HAMD).Results HAMD24 total scores(t=3.632,P=0.000),cognitive disturbance(t=-2.339,P=0.019)and hopelessness factor scores(t=-2.812,P=0.005)in depressive patients with attempted suicide behavior were significantly higher than those in depressive patients without attempted suicide behavior.There were no significant differences of anxiety/somatization,body weight,diurnal variation,psychomotric inhibition and sleeping disturbance fator scores between two groups(P>0.05).The serum BDNF level in depressive patients with attempted suicide behavior was significantly lower than that in depressive patients without attempted suicide behavior(t=-2.122,P=0.037).There was no significant difference of serum BDNF level between male and female patients(P>0.05).Conclusion There were certain characteristics on clinical symptoms of depressive patients with attempted suicide behavior.The low serum BDNF level might play an important role in the risk of suicide in depressive patients.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-386955

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the immune regulatory function of monocyte-derived dendritic cells (MoDC) in patients with chronic severe hepatitis B (CSHB) and its roles in the severe illness progression of chronic hepatitis B (CHB) by detecting surface phenotype of MoDC and expression level of cytokines in MoDC after polyl : C treatment. Methods The peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) were isolated by Ficoll density gradient separation from 37 patients with CSHB, 20 patients with CHB, and 20 healthy controls (NC). Purified PBMC were acquired using immunomagnetic anti-CD14-beads. Then PBMC were induced to immature dendritic cell (iDC) in vitro. PolyI : C was added to induce DC maturation. The mean fluorescence intensity (MFI) of the phenotype marker molecules including HLA-DR, CD83, CD86 and CD80 on surface of iDC and mature DC (mDC) were detected by flow cytometry. The supernatants of MoDC culture were collected at 12,24 and 48 h after polyI : C treatment, respectively and the release levels of interleukin (IL)-12, IL-6and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α were determined by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Comparisons among groups were done by single factor analysis of variance and homogeneity of variance was tested. Results There were no significant differences of phenotype marker molecules on cell surface of iDC, including HLA-DR, CD83, CD86 and CD80 in CSHB, CHB and NC groups.However, the expressions of HLA-DR, CD83, CD86 and CD80 on cell surface of mDC in CSHB group were lower than those in CHB and NC groups (F=59.73, 13.95, 34.80 and 73.02, respectively; all P<0. 05). The secretions of IL-12 at three time points of 12 h, 24 h and 48 h after polyI : C treatment in group NC were higher than those in CHB and CSHB groups (F= 151.34, 126.65 and 72.76, respectively; P<0.05), and peaked at 24 h which were (48.2±7.6), (56.7±11.8) and (97.8±16.2) ng/L, respectively. The secretions of IL-6 at the above three time points were CSHB>CHB>NC (F=92.50, 86.89 and 64.57, respectively; all P<0. 05) and peaked at 12 h which were (1698.3±340.4), (965.8±231.7), (697.8±213.6) ng/L, respectively. The secretions of TNF-αat the above three time points were CSHB>CHB>NC (F=58.66, 122.36 and 44.73, respectively;all P<0. 05) and were (19 672. 7±4214. 7), (9946. 1 ± 2586 5), (6659. 2±955. 8) ng/L,respectively at 24 h after treatment. Conclusions MoDCs of CSHB patients show mature defection and abnormal cytokine secretion. The expression level of IL-12 which mediates cellular immune is low.Meanwhile, the productions of IL-6 and TNF-α which mediate inflammatory response are up-regulated. This may be one of the major factors which lead to exacerbation of liver inflammation and ultimately development of severe hepatitis.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-549661

ABSTRACT

87 female patients with carcinoma of the colon and rectum were treated in our hospital from 1977 to 1986. Among them seven (8%) were found to have ovarian metastasis, The average age of the patients was 49 years. The primary tumor was mainly located in the sigmoid or ascending colon. The se-rosa was involved in all the 7 cases. Ovarian metastasis were usually bilateral. The prognosis of the patients with ovarian metastasis remained poor despite the performance of a radical operation. It is very important to consider the possibility of the ovarian metastasis in patients with colonic cancer, and prophylactic oophorectomy is imperative in order to effect a cure.

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