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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804641

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the therapeutic outcome of expanded scalp flaps pedicled with superficial temporal vessel for the reconstruction of large facial defects.@*Method@#From Dec 2014 to Oct 2016, 10 cases with large facial skin defects were treated with expanded scalp flaps pedicled with superficial temporal vessel and delayed laser hair removal.Extra expanded scalp flaps were collected as experimental groups. Normal skin(forehead, temporal scalp, cheek, upper eyelid, lower eyelid and nasal dorsum)of 10 cases were collected for control, to compare skin thickness.All patients were followed at least 6 months.@*Results@#There was no significant difference of skin thickness between the expanded scalp flaps and cheek, forehead, nasal dorsum skin(P>0.05). But upper eyelid and lower eyelids skin was significantly thinner than other local skin tissuein controls, and expanded scalp flap (P<0.05). The expanded scalp flap matched well with surrounding tissues in color, texture and thickness.@*Conclusions@#It is a good option to repair large facial skin defects with expanded scalp flaps, pedicled with superficial temporal vessel, and laser hair removal, though its shortcoming in eyelid skin defect repairment.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-708405

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the prognostic factors which affected the long-term survival in patients with a single large hepatocellular carcinoma (SLHCC) after hepatectomy.Methods The clinical data of 138 SLHCC patients who underwent hepatectomy in the Tianjin Hospital from January 2008 to December 2013 were retrospectively analyzed.There were 115 males and 23 females.Age ranged from 23 to 81 years (median 56.8 years).The impact of an array of clinicopathological factors was analyzed using a variety of statistical methods which included the Kaplan-Meier estimator and the Log-rank test.Results The 1,3,5 year overall survival rates for all the patients were 86.4%,64.8% and 54.1%,respectively,and the 1,3,5 year disease free survival rates were 68.8%,41.4% and 33.2%,respectively.Univariate analysis indicated that microvascular invasion,preoperative AFP≥400 μg/L,a maximum tumor diameter ≥ 10 cm,and preoperative AST ≥40 U/L were risk factors of overall survival (all P < 0.05),and microvascular invasion,preoperative AFP≥400 μg/L,and preoperative AST ≥40 U/L were risk factors of disease free survival (all P < 0.05).Multivariate analysis showed that microvascular invasion,preoperative AFP ≥400 μg/L and preoperative AST ≥40 U/L were independent prognostic factors of overall survival and disease free survival for these patients (all P < 0.05).Conclusion Microvascular invasion,preoperative AFP ≥400 μg/L and AST ≥40 U/L were independent prognostic factors of long survival of SLHCC patients.

3.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 1425-1427, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-484388

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of ABO blood group factors on erythrocyte suspension ( RCS) transfusion reactions in patients. Methods TestⅠA total of 12 600 patients in whom RCS was transfused during operation at the department of anesthesiology of 11 hospitals of Inner Mongolia from January 2006 to January 2014 were selected. The occurrence of transfusion reactions ( fever [ an increase in body temperature>1 ℃ than that before transfusion] , allergy, hemolysis) was recorded in the patients. Test Ⅱ A total of 120 RCS?transfused patients of both sexes, aged 18-55 yr, weighing 45-75 kg, of American Society of Anesthesiologists physical statusⅠ or Ⅱ, who underwent surgical operation, were divided into 4 groups ( n=30 each) according to the blood group: blood group A group ( group A) , blood group B group ( group B ) , blood group O group ( group O ) and blood group AB group ( group AB) . The standard for RCS transfusion was defined as hemoglobin ( Hb) 10 g∕L. Before induction of anesthesia ( T1 ) , before blood transfusion ( T2 ) , and at 5 min, and 1, 6 and 24 h after blood transfusion ( T3?6 ) , blood samples were collected from the central vein for determination of the plasma tumor necrosis factor?alpha ( TNF?α) , interleukin?4 ( IL?4 ) and IL?10 concentrations by enzyme?linked immunosorbent assay. Results Among the 12 600 RCS?transfused patients, 216 cases developed transfusion reactions, and the incidence of transfusion reactions was 1.714%. For the patients of different blood groups, the incidence of transfusion reactions from the high to the low was blood group B, blood group AB, blood group A, and blood group O in turn ( P<0. 05 or 0.01) . Compared with group B, the plasma TNF?α and IL?10 concentrations were significantly decreased, and the plasma IL?4 concentrations were increased at T3?T6 in the other three groups ( P<0.05) . Compared with group AB, the plasma TNF?α and IL?10 concentrations were significantly decreased, and the plasma IL?4 concentrations were increased at T3?T6 in A and O groups (P<0.05). Compared with group O, the plasma TNF?α and IL?10 concentrations were significantly decreased, and the plasma IL?4 concentrations were increased at T3?T6 in group A ( P<0. 05 ) . Conclusion ABO blood group factors affect RCS transfusion reactions in the patients, and the incidence of transfusion reactions from the high to the low is blood group B, blood group AB, blood group A, and blood group O in turn.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-463958

ABSTRACT

In this article, a method to determine the content of liquiritin, ammonium glycyrrhetate, costunolide and dehydrocostus lactone in Mongolia medicine Ga Ri Di-13 pill was established. The chromatographic condition for liquiritin and ammonium glycyrrhetate was listed as the below: with Dimma column (250 mm×4.6 mm, 5μm) as stationary phase; with acetonitrile (A)-0.4%phosphoric acid (B) as mobile phase; gradient elution: 0-10 min (16%-18% A), 10-30 min (18% A), 30-40 min (18%-27% A), 40-85 min (27%-45% A), and 85-86 min (45%-16%A); column temperature was set at 30℃; detection wavelength was 237 nm; and flow velocity was 1 mL·min-1. The chromatographic column condition for costunalide and dehydrocostus lactone was listed as the below: with Dimma column (250 mm×4.6 mm, 5μm) as stationary phase; with acetonitrile-water (65:35) as mobile phase; detection wavelength was 225 nm; column temperature was set at 30℃ and flow velocity was 1.0 mL·min-1. The linearity ranges of liquiritin, ammonium glycyrrhetate, costunolide, and dehydrocostus lactone were 0.1-1.2μg (r=0.999 9), 0.341-4.092μg (r=1.000 0), 0.12-1.2μg (r=1.000 0), and 0.106-1.06 (r=1.000 0), respectively; the average recovery rates were 97.07%, 100.13%, 98.44%, and 98.90%, respectively; the RSD were 1.00%, 1.84%, 2.21% and 3.38%,respectively. This method is specificity and reproducible, and can be used to determination of liquiritin, ammonium glycyrrhetate, costunolide and dehydrocostus lactone in Mongolia medicine Ga Ri Di -13 pill.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-429792

ABSTRACT

Severe acute biliary pancreatitis can be treated by nonsurgical and surgical approaches,and choice of the surgical techniques as well as its timing are the keys points to the whole therapy.Early enteral nutrition via placing nasointestinal feeding tube plays an important role in the nutritional support for patients with severe acute pancreatitis.This paper intends to explore the experience in standardizing the therapy for all similar cases via reviewing and summarizing the treating process of a typical patient with severe acute biliary pancreatitis.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-426519

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of methylprednisolone pretreatment on cardiopulmonary bypass(CPB)-induced intestinal barrier injury in patients undergoing cardiac surgery.Methods Ninety NYHA Ⅰor Ⅱ patients,aged 30-50 yr,weighing 50-75 kg,scheduled for elective cardiac surgery with CPB,were randomly divided into 3 gnoups(n =30 each):control group without CPB(group Ⅰ),control group with CPB(group Ⅱ)and administration of methylprednisolone before CPB group(group Ⅲ).Anesthesia was induced with midszolam,fentanyl,etomidate and rocuronium and maintained with intravenous infusion of propofol and intermittent iv boluses of fentanyl and rocuronium.The patients were mechanically ventilated after tracheal intubation.In group Ⅲ,methylprednisolone 10 mg/kg was injected intravenously before operation and CPB.While in groups Ⅰ and Ⅱ,the equal volume of normal saline was injected instead.The blood samples were taken from the central vein before induetion of anesthesia(T1),before CPB(T2),at 30 min after the beginning of CPB(T3),at 30 rin afier the end of CPB(T4)and at 120 min after operation(T5)for determination of the plasma endotoxin concentration.Infection was recorded within 7 days after operation.Results The plasma endotoxin concentrations at T1 were within the normal range in all groups,without significant difference among the three gnoups(P >0.05).The plasma endotoxin concentration at T3-5 and incidence of postoperative infection in group Ⅲ were significantly lower than those in group Ⅱ,while higher than those in group Ⅰ(P < 0.05).Conclusion Methylprednisolone pretreatment can reduce CPB-induced impairment of the intestinal harrier function in patients undergoing cardiac surgery.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-422014

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the serum tumor markers level of carcinoembryonic antigen(CEA) ,cytokeratin fragment antigen21-1 (CYFRA21-1),neuron specific enolase (NSE) in patients with lung cancer, and the change after chemotherapy on them. Methods Radioimmunoassay was applied to detect the levels of CEA, CYFRA21-1 ,NSE in 45 patients with advanced NSCLC before and after chemotherapy,and the tumor markers were also detected in 20 patients with SCLC and 20 patients with benign lung diseases of control groups. ResultsThe levels of CEA, CYFRA21-1, NSE in lung cancer group before chemotherapy were much higher than benign group, but there was no difference of CYFRA21-1 between the SCLC group and benign group. The same result of NSE was found between NSCLC and benign group(P >0. 05). The value of NSE was lower in the patients with SCLC after chemotherapy than before(P <0. 01 ). The level of CYFRA21-1 was lower in squamous carcinoma than before( P <0. 01 ). But in the adenocarcinoma group only NSE's level was lower after chemotherapy( P >0. 05) ,there were no differences in CEA and CYFRA21-1 ( P > 0. 05 ). ConclusionThe levels of the three tumor markers rise obviously in advanced NSCLC and decrease after chemotherapy. The differences were significant with NSE in SCLC and CYFRA21-1 in squamous cell carcinoma and CEA in adenocarcinoma. The levels of serum CEA,CYFRA21-1 and NSE could be a tumor marker in progressive lung cancer. And the decrease of the levels could be used to evaluate the chemotherapeutic response respectively in different pathologic types of lung cancer.

8.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 1043-1063, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-244695

ABSTRACT

This research ws carried out to construct a medicine screening system targeting at human promoter of CCR5. The gene Human promoter of CCR5 was inserted into the rebuilt vector pGL3-neo. The pGL3-neo-CCR5 plasmids were transfected into Jurkat cells (the cell line of acute T lymphocyte leukemia). The lasting transfected cells were screened by G418. After seven kinds of traditional Chinese medicine had acted separately on the lasting transfected cells for 16h, the expression levels of CCR5 promoter in the cells were detected. The results showed that the level of luciferase activity of Shuanghuanglian-injectio group was remarkably lower than that of control (P < 0.05), and the levels of luciferase activity of Chuanhuning group, Baical skullcap root group, and Milkvetch root group were remarkably higher than that of control (P < 0.01). Shuanghuanglian-injectio depressed the activity of the transfected CCR5 promoter in cells cultivated in vitro; Chuanhuning, Baical skullcap root and Milkvetch root boosted the activity of the transfected CCR5 promoter in cells cultivated in vitro. Thus a medicine screening system based on Human promoter of CCR5 was initially constructed.


Subject(s)
Drug Evaluation, Preclinical , Methods , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Genetic Vectors , Genetics , Humans , Jurkat Cells , Promoter Regions, Genetic , Genetics , Receptors, CCR5 , Genetics , Transfection
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-634747

ABSTRACT

Histone deacetylase was overexpressed in a variety of cancers and was closely correlated with oncogenic factors. The histone deacetylase inhibitor, trichostatin A (TSA) was shown to induce apoptosis in many cancer cells. However, the mechanism of TSA on induction of cancer cells apoptosis is poorly understood. This study was designed to characterize the global gene expression profiles before and after treatment of human leukemia cell line Molt-4 with TSA. Flow cytometry, MTT and DNA ladder were used to observe the effect of TSA on the apoptosis of MOLT-4 cells and normal human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC). Microarray, reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and Western blotting were used to detect the difference of gene and protein expressions of Molt-4 cells after incubation of the cells with TSA. The results showed that TSA could induce Molt-4 apoptosis in dose- and time-dependent manners but spared PBMCs. Microarray analysis showed that after incubation with TSA for 9 h, 310 genes were upregulated and 313 genes were deregulated. These genes regulate the growth, differentiation and survival of cells. Among these genes, STAT5A was down-regulated by 80.4% and MYC was down-regulated by 77.3%. It was concluded that TSA has definite growth-inhibiting and apoptosis-inducing effects on Molt-4 cells in time- and dose-dependent manners, with weak cytotoxic effects on PBMCs at the same time. The mechanism of TSA selectively inducing apoptosis and inhibiting growth may be ascribed to the changes of pro-proliferation genes and anti-apoptosis genes.

10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-337005

ABSTRACT

The relationship of connexin43 (Cx43) and bystander effect in ovarian tumor cells in herpes simplex virus thymidine kinase/ganciclovir (HSV-TK/GCV) gene therapy in vitro was explored and the effect of all-trans retinoic acid (RA) on the expression of Cx43 and bystander effect investigated. The Cx43 expression was detected by flowcytometry, Western blot, and immunofluorescence in two ovarian tumor cell lines OVCAR3, CaOV3 before and after RA treatment. Bystander effect was determined by the cells growth inhibitory rate with methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium. Following exposure to ganciclovir, there was much greater bystander killing in OVCAR3 than that in CaOV3 (P<0.05). The expression of Cx43 was detected in OVCAR3 by flowcytometry and Western blot, but it could not be detected in CaOV3. The expression of Cx43 in both cell lines could be induced by RA. Immunofluoresence staining showed that Cx43 protein of OVCAR3 was located on membrane surface, whereas CaOV3 in cytoplasm. RA could not change the location of Cx43 protein in both cell lines. There is relationship between Cx43 expression and HSV-TK/GCV bystander effect. HSV-TK/GCV bystander effect can be enhanced by RA in ovarian cancer.


Subject(s)
Antiviral Agents , Pharmacology , Bystander Effect , Cell Line, Tumor , Connexin 43 , Genetics , Female , Ganciclovir , Pharmacology , Genes, Transgenic, Suicide , Genetic Therapy , Humans , Ovarian Neoplasms , Metabolism , Therapeutics , Pregnancy , Simplexvirus , Genetics , Thymidine Kinase , Genetics , Tretinoin , Pharmacology
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-569200

ABSTRACT

The effect of racemic(?) gossypol and total glycosides of tripterygium wilfordii (GTW) on human sperm acrosome reaction was observed by indirect immunofluorescence and transmission electron microscopy. The results indicate that recemic (?) gossypol and GTW may significantly inhibit human sperm acrosome reaction induced by ionophore A_(23187) at 5mg/L and 10mg/L respectively. The results of TEM shows that racemic (?) gossypol and GTW may injure the sperm plasma membrane.

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