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1.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 287-291, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994572

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the team construction and treatment strategy of the Diabetic Foot-Multidisciplinary Team.Methods:The clinical data of 19 patients with severe ischemic diabetic foot treated by our Diabetic Foot-Multidisciplinary Team Center from Apr 2021 to Mar 2022 were collected, and the overall amputation rate, above-ankle major amputation rate, minor amputation rate and mortality, Diabetic Foot-Multidisciplinary Team consultation discipline participation rate and treatment participation degree were retrospectively analyzed.Results:Nineteen patients (15 males and 4 females) were enrolled, aged 26 to 94 (68.6±14.2). All were with severe ischemic diabetic foot ulcer:Rutherford grade 5 or up and dysfunction in 2 or more organs. Complications included arteriosclerosis obliterans of the lower extremities in 18 cases, heart diseases in 18, hypertension in 15, and renal insufficiencies in 10. The overall amputation rate was 36.8%, major amputation rate in 21.1%, minor amputation rate in 15.8%, and mortality rate was 15.8%. A total of 16 disciplines participated in Diabetic Foot-Multidisciplinary Team; the main participating disciplines were vascular surgery (19 times), endocrinology (12 times), and cardiology (11 times). The main treatment disciplines were vascular surgery (14 times), plastic surgery (3 times), and cardiology (2 times).Conclusion:For the diagnosis and treatment of diabetic foot, it is necessary to set up a multidisciplinary team as early as possible to control the causes of diabetic foot ulcer, prevent the recurrence of diabetic foot ulcer, reduce the mortality and amputation rate, and improve the quality of life of patients.

2.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 845-849, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993932

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the predictors of the efficacy of extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) in the treatment of ureteral calculi, and to evaluate the predictive value of the maximum ureteral wall thickness (UWT) in the treatment of ureteral calculi with ESWL.Methods:The clinical data of 138 patients with ureteral calculi treated with ESWL in the Second People's Hospital of Hefei from January 2020 to December 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 91 males and 47 females. The age was (50.9±14.8) years old. The body mass index was (25.3±3.6) kg/m 2. The stones of 73 cases were located on the left side and 65 cases were on the right side. 70 cases had upper ureteral stones, 18 cases had middle ureteral stones, and 50 cases had lower ureteral stones. The median length of the stone was 8.5 (7.5, 10.5) mm. The CT value of the stone was 509 (343, 783) HU. The anteroposterior diameter of the renal pelvis was 12.0 (10.1, 16.0) mm, and UWT was (2.8 ± 0.8) mm. All patients underwent urinary non-contrast CT before lithotripsy, and the UWT of the stone bed was measured on the CT images. According to the stone removal situation 2 weeks after the operation, the patients were divided into a successful lithotripsy group and a failed lithotripsy group. Univariate analysis was used to compare the differences of various indicators between the two groups, and multivariate logistic regression was used to analyze the independent predictors of ESWL in the treatment of ureteral calculi for the indicators. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to calculate the area under the curve (AUC) of each independent predictor, and the cut-off value, sensitivity and specificity were analyzed. Results:All operations were successfully completed, and the success rate of the first-stage lithotripsy was 71.7% (99/138). The results of univariate analysis showed that the stone length diameter, stone CT value, anteroposterior diameter of renal pelvis, stone skin distance, and UWT were significantly different between the successful lithotripsy group and the failure group ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in age, gender, body mass index, stone side and stone location ( P>0.05). The results of multivariate logistic analysis showed that stone length ( OR=1.393, P=0.015), stone CT value ( OR=1.002, P=0.043) and UWT ( OR=17.997, P<0.001) were all for the efficacy of ESWL in the treatment of ureteral stones. The ROC curve was used to compare the three independent predictors. The area under the UWT curve was the largest (AUC=0.898, P<0.001), followed by the length of the stone (AUC=0.744, P<0.001), and the CT value of the stone (AUC=0.672, P= 0.002). The cut-off value for UWT was 3.19 mm, which had a sensitivity of 91.9% and a specificity of 71.8% for predicting the success of ESWL lithotripsy. When dividing the patients into thin wall group (UWT ≤3.19 mm) and thick wall group (UWT>3.19 mm) according to the cut-off value, the success rates of one-stage lithotripsy in the two groups were 89.2% (91 / 102) and 22.2% (8/36), respectively ( P<0.05). Conclusions:UWT, calculus length and calculus CT value are independent predictors of the efficacy of ESWL in the treatment of ureteral calculi, and UWT has the best predictive value. When UWT≤3.19 mm, the success rate of ESWL in the treatment of ureteral calculi is higher.

3.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 433-436, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933427

ABSTRACT

We present a case of a postmenopausal women with hyperandrogenic symptoms and virilization signs , such as hirsutism, alopecia, acne and clitoromegaly, which was pathologically confirmed to be an ovarian steroid cell tumor, not otherwise specified(NOS). The levels of testosterone, dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate and estradiol in serum were increased, while the levels of luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone were decreased. Computed tomography(CT) scan and magnetic resonance imaging(MRI) identified a solid, left ovarian tumor and detected an additional tumor of hypodensity in the left adrenal gland. ACTH stimulation test, hCG stimulation test, adrenal and ovarian vein sampling indicated that excessive androgens were derived from the ovary. After the injection of gonadotropin hormone analogues(GnRHa), testosterone levels dropped to the normal range. Laparoscopic bilateral adnexectomy was performed, and pathology indicated NOS. The purpose of this report is to improve the understanding of NOS with hyperandrogenic presentation.

4.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 132-138, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933379

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze clinical characteristics of 17α-hydroxylase deficiency, and to facilitate the understanding and management of the disease.Methods:A retrospective analysis of the clinical characteristics and biochemical results of 5 cases with 17α-hydroxylase deficiency diagnosed and treated from 2018 to 2020.Results:All 5 patients were female as social gender, and reached adulthood upon first clinic visit to our department and got diagnosed. All 5 cases had hypertension, hypokalemia, bilateral adrenal hyperplasia or adenoma, osteoporosis, and typical hormone changes related to steroid synthesis.Conclusion:Steroid hormone tests with liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry(LC-MS/MS) enable early diagnosis of 17α-hydroxylase deficiency, assessment of the type and degree of enzyme deficiency, and choice of treatment. For such patients, it is necessary to give appropriate anti-osteoporosis therapy.

5.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 479-484, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870066

ABSTRACT

Objective:To identify the association of sex hormone and sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) levels in patients with Graves′ disease.Methods:Between December 2017 and July 2019, 152 patients with Graves′ disease were enrolled in the Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism of Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University. Parameters such as height, weight, thyroid function, sex hormone, fasting blood glucose, insulin, C-peptide, glycosylated albumin, HbA 1C, and liver function were collected. The associations between SHBG and bioclinical characteristics were analyzed. Results:The glycosylated albumin level was negatively associated with SHBG in all subjects ( β=-0.308, P<0.01), while this association was not significant after the adjustment for thyroid hormones. Male patients had significantly lower SHBG level than female patients ( P<0.01). In male patients, SHBG was associated with luteinizing hormone ( r=0.465, P<0.01), estradiol ( r=0.629, P<0.01), testosterone ( r=0.786, P<0.01). While in female patients, SHBG was also associated with testosterone ( r=0.191, P<0.05). In multivariate linear regression analysis, estradiol was independently associated with SHBG ( β=0.329, P<0.01) in male subjects. Conclusion:The hypogonadism and infertility in Graves′ disease patients could partially be attributed to the association between SHBG and Graves′ disease.

6.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 304-308, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870036

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinical features of type 2 diabetic patients with insulin autoimmune syndrome after treatment with exogenous insulin.Methods:A total of 106 patients with type 2 diabetes diagnosed with exogenous insulin-related insulin autoimmune syndrome (EIAS) were included from September 2017 to March 2019 in the Department of Endocrinology, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University. The clinical data, physical examination, and laboratory examination results of patients were collected.Results:Of the 106 patients, 84 (79.24%) used premixed human insulin or premixed insulin analogs, and 18 patients (16.98%) presented recurrent hypoglycemia. The arginine stimulation test showed that the median value of the baseline insulin was 73.40 (23.07-146.75) μU/ml, and the median ratio of 4 minute insulin to 0 minute insulin was 1.27 (1.03-1.85), with the mean of the ratio 1.72±1.47. The ratio of baseline insulin (μU/ml) to C-peptide (ng/ml) was 44.60 (14.92-87.93), with an average of 81.92±130.93. Taking the two-fold upper limit of fasting insulin reference value (49.8 μU/ml) as the cut-off point, the subjects were divided into insulin accumulation group (baseline insulin≥49.8 μU/ml) and insulin non-accumulation group (baseline insulin <49.8 μU/ml). Among the 66 patients in the insulin accumulation group, 14 patients had hypoglycemia (21.21%) and 4 patients in the insulin non-accumulation group presented hypoglycemia (10%). The ratio of 4 minute insulin to baseline insulin, ratio of baseline insulin to C-peptide, blood glucose level standard deviation (SDBG) and maximum blood glucose fluctuation amplitude (LAGE) in the insulin accumulation group were significantly higher than those in the insulin non-accumulation group (all P<0.05). Among 66 patients in the insulin accumulation group, 36 patients changed the type of insulin preparafion (insulin treatment group), 30 patients were changed from insulin to oral hypoglycemic agents (oral medication group). After treatment, both SDBG and LAGE in the two groups were significantly lower than before treatment ( P<0.05). Conclusions:With the aggravation of exogenous insulin accumulation, the fluctuation of blood glucose and the proportion of hypoglycemia were significantly increased. There was a characteristic change in islet function in patients with insulin autoimmune syndrome. After arginine stimulation, there was no significant peak of insulin secretion, showing a " high-level" curve. The baseline insulin/C-peptide ratio was significantly increased. The prognosis of EIAS patients is good after timely diagnosis and adjustment of treatment.

7.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 927-933, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800751

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Retrospective analysis of clinical data of patients with primary aldosteronism in the past 2 years, to assess the value of liquid chromatography-mass spectrometric method (LC-MS/MS) aldosterone to renin ratio(ARR) and saline infusion test and its optimal cutoff in the diagnosis of primary aldosteronism(PA).@*Methods@#A total of 124 healthy volunteers were recruited to determine the normal reference range for LC-MS/MS aldosterone. 375 patients with high risk of primary aldosteronism were enrolled during March 2016 to November 2017. Among them, 241 patients underwent the saline infusion test. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis was performed to compare the diagnostic accuracie and the cutoff value of random ARR and post saline infusion test.@*Results@#The average level of LC-MS/MS aldosterone in healthy volunteers was(9.16±6.73)ng/dl (95% CI 2.34-22.18 ng/dl). Among 375 patients with high risk of PA, 143 patients with PA and 232 patients with essential hypertension (EH) were diagnosed. The area under the ROC curve(AUC ROC) of random ARR was 0.837(0.787-0.886), the cutoff point was 13.84 (ng/dl)/(ng/ml·h), with a sensitivity of 78.3% and a specificity of 79%. Using post-test plasma aldosterone concentration (PAC) for diagnosis, AUC ROC of the saline infusion test was 0.807(0.747-0.867), the cutoff point was 4.29 ng/dl, with a sensitivity of 90.6% and a specificity of 69.6%.@*Conclusion@#The normal range of LC-MS/MS aldosterone is 2.34-22.18 ng/dl. In our research, random ARR value above 13.84(ng/dl)/(ng/ml·h) can be the cutoff point in screening the suspected PA patients.PAC post- saline infusion test more than 4.29 ng/dl is recommended to confirm PA.

8.
Fudan University Journal of Medical Sciences ; (6): 417-421, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-610704

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the short-term safety and efficacy of radiofrequency ablation (RFA) and microwave ablation (MWA) for treatment of large benign thyroid nodules.Methods A total of 34 patients with large benign thyroid nodules were studied retrospectively,including 13 patients treated with ultrasound-guided RFA and 21 patients treated with MWA between Jun.,2016 and Feb.,2017 in Zhongshan Hospital.The thyroid function parameters,serum antibodies,complications and thyroid nodules volume reduction rate(VRR) were compared between the two groups during the follow-up.Results There were no statistically significant differences(P>0.05)among those patients before and after treatment in serum free triiodothyronine (fT3),free thyroxine (fT4),thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH),anti-thyroglobulin antibodies (TG-Ab) levels,and thyroid peroxidase antibodies (TPO-Ab).One patient in the MWA group had mild hoarseness after ablation and another patient in the RFA group had intraoperative hemorrhage for about 10 mL.There were no other complications such as neck scar,postoperative infection,skin burns,tracheal and esophageal injury.One day after the ablation,all nodules were showed hypoecho and contrast-enhanced ultrasound proved there was no blood supply.One month after treatment,no statistically significant difference was found in VRR between two groups (23.8% vs.22.6%,P =0.127).Conclusions RFA and MWA are safe and effective treatments for large benign thyroid nodules,and no significant difference was observed in short-term follow-up.

9.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 828-832, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-666979

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the basal rate characteristics of continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion(CSII)in adult type 1 diabetes with islet failure. Methods Adult type 1 diabetic patients with islet failure, treated by CSII for more than 12 months but with poor glycemic control,were optimized for insulin dose through basal rate verification. The differences of blood glucose levels and insulin dosages were compared before and after CSII dose optimization. Results In 16 cases,HbA1Creduced from(7.6 ± 1.1)% by the time of enrollment to(7.0 ± 0.5)% after dose optimization(P<0.05),the minimal blood glucose level rose from(3.1 ± 1.1)mmol/L to(4.5 ± 0.7) mmol/L(P<0.01),and the maximal blood glucose level dropped from(18.6 ± 2.3)mmol/L to(12.0 ± 1.5)mmol/L (P<0.01). The total daily dosage of CSII reduced by about 17% (P<0.01)and the total basal insulin dosage reduced by about 43%(P<0.01)after dose optimization. The percentage of total basal insulin dosage to total daily dosage reduced from(43.6 ± 9.9)% by the time of enrollment to(29.4 ± 3.5)% after dose optimization(P<0.01). During 24 hours of the day,basal rate at 03: 00-08: 00 reached the peak level(1.3 times of the hourly average basal rate level)and basal rate at 20: 00-24: 00 fell to the valley level(60% of the hourly average basal rate level). Conclusions In adult type 1 diabetic patient with islet failure,the total basal insulin requirement of CSII is about 30% of the total daily dosage,with the peak level at 03: 00-08: 00 and the valley level at 20: 00-24: 00.

10.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 326-329, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-608422

ABSTRACT

Thirty-three patients with new-onset type 1 diabetes from Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University were recruited from 2013 to 2014. Relevant clinical data were collected for the statistical analysis. Among the 33 patients with type 1 diabetes, there were 7 with fulminant type 1 diabetes (FT1DM), 12 acute onset type 1 diabetes (AT1DM), and 14 with slowly progressive type 1 diabetes (SPIDDM). The fasting and stimulated C-peptide levels were significantly lower while glycated albumin (GA)/HbA1C and mean amplitude of glucose excursions (MAGE) levels were significantly higher in FT1DM group compared with other two groups(all P<0.05). Pearson correlation analysis in all patients with type 1 diabetes revealed that GA/HbA1C was correlated with fasting C-peptide, MAGE, and difference of the peak blood glucose to the lowest blood glucose (ΔBG) levels (all P<0.05). Stepwise multivariate analysis showed that GA/HbA1C was independently correlated with MAGE and ΔBG (P<0.05). Logistic regression model indicated that GA, HbA1C, and GA/HbA1C were independently correlated with FT1DM.

11.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1028-1031,1032, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-600617

ABSTRACT

Aim To optimize the traditional method of right catheterization in rats and establish a rapid , stable and reliable method of the right heart catheter guided intubation to measure pulmonary artery pressure. Methods Nighty male wistar rats were used to optimize the method of detection of pulmonary arte-rial pressure. Three catheter namely PE50, PU I, and PU II were used for choosing the best intubation. The new technology of right catheterization was established and used for the research of pulmonary arterial hypertension. Results The PU I catheter was obviously better than PE50 and PU II catheter in the success rate and measurement time ( P <0. 05 ) . The method of right heart catheter guided intubation was significantly superior to the traditional right heart direct intubation (P<0. 05 or P<0. 01). After improving the right catheterization, the detection of hemo-dynamic indexes in PAH-model rat was successful with regular pressure curve and reliable experimental data. Conclusions The right heart catheter guided intubation method has a high suc-cess rate and it can detect the pulmonary artery pressure quick-ly, easily, and can help other researchers to complete experi-ment as efficiently as possible.

12.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 282-287, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-434978

ABSTRACT

Objective With a computer-assisted program,retinal vascular calibers were measured quantitatively.In this study the relationship between retinal vascular calibers and components of the metabolic syndrome was examined.Methods A total of 450 hypertensive patients were collected.Medical history,physical examination,blood tests,and retinal photographs were taken.Retinal vascular calibers were measured quantitatively from digital retinal photographs.In the hypertensive population the associations of retinal vascular calibers with components of the metabolic syndrome were described,and the factors that influenced retinal vascular calibers were analyzed.Results In the enrolled population,mean age was (57.53 ± 10.01) years,mean systolic blood pressure (138 ± 17) mm Hg(1 mm Hg =0.133 kPa),diastolic blood pressure (84 ± 10) mm Hg.Mean central retinal arteriolar equivalent(CRAE) was(129.26 ± 12.68) μm,and mean central retinal venular equivalent (CRVE) (198.25 ± 18.37) μm.After adjusting for age,gender,etc,CRAE in group with poor blood pressure control was smaller than that in the group with good blood pressure control [(126.45 ± 15.74) μm vs (130.30 ± 11.30) μm,P =0.029].CRAE tended to be narrower with worsened blood pressure control (P =0.075).CRVE was smaller in patients with normal high density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C) than in those with abnormal level [(197.36 ±17.62) μm vs (203.07 ± 21.52) μm,P =0.040].The diastolic blood pressure was raised along with the decreasing CRAE(P=0.009).And the HDL-C level was reduced as CRVE was increasing(P=0.042).Old age (r =-0.090,P=0.013) and poor blood pressure control(r=-0.098,P=0.038) were independent risk factors for narrow CRAE,while lowered HDL-C (r =0.105,P =0.024) and smoking (r =0.141,P =0.010) were independent risk factors for wide CRVE.Conclusions Narrow CRAE was related to poor blood pressure control,while wide CRVE was related to lowed HDL-C.Aging and poor blood pressure control were independent risk factors for narrow CRAE,while lowed HDL-C and smoking were independent risk factors for wide CRVE in the hypertensive patients.

13.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 29-32, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-431218

ABSTRACT

A total of 906 subjects with no history of diabetes who had undergone coronary angiography were included in this study and categorized into four groups according to the level of fasting plasma glucose (FPG):≤5.5 mmoL/L,5.6-6.0 mmol/L,6.1-6.9 mmoL/L,and ≥ 7.0 mmol/L.Significant coronary artery disease (CAD) was defined as ≥ 50% reduction of lumen diameter at least in one major coronary artery.The severity of coronary atherosclerosis was defined by the Gensini score.The clinical data,laboratory indexes,and coronary angiography results were compared among various groups.The risk factors for the prevalence and severity of angiographic CAD were analyzed.The results showed that the prevalence of angiographic CAD,the number of diseased vessels,and the Gensini score were increasing with increasing FPG levels among four groups (P<0.05 or P<0.01).The FPG level was significantly correlated with angiographic CAD (P =0.004) and the Gensini score (P =0.010),suggesting that FPG was an independent risk factor for the prevalence and severity of angiographic CAD.

14.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 26-28, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-431126

ABSTRACT

Basal rate verification is the process to find and verify the basal rate of continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSⅡ) required for basal glucose metabolism.In the present study,five cases of brittle diabetes were treated by CSⅡ with Insulin Lispro.After doses were adjusted to reach steady blood glucose levels,basal rate verifying tests were carried out.The results showed that the overall level and stability of blood glucose were improved markedly after CSⅡ.Before and after the verification of the basal rate,there was no significant difference in CSⅡ total doses.Basal rates decreased from 50% of total to 30% (P<0.05),and boluses increased to 70% (P<0.05).The basal rates during lunch and supper time were reduced by half (P<0.05),the boluses of lunch and supper were increased 1.5 times (P<0.05),and square waves were needed to control postprandial blood glucose.These results suggest that the CSⅡ could smoothly control blood glucose level in brittle diabetes without basal rate verification.However,the implementation of the verification could better determine the basal rates for basal glucose metabolism,and thus help to identify diet-related boluses.

15.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 126-131, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-424551

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo evaluate the priority application of thin adrenal CT scanning in out-patients with hypertension for early diagnosis of adrenal hypertension.MethodsThe patients with hypertension were collected from January to August 2009,in whom the secondary hypertension ( including endocrine and renal hypertension) and malignant cancers were excluded.All patients accepted the adrenal CT scan firstly,and then the patients with the positive result of morphological abnormalities in the adrenal CT( including adenoma and hyperplasia)were evaluated for endocrine function of adrenal glands.Results A total 362 cases of hypertension were studied,in.cluding 162 males and 200 females.The average age was (60.9 ±9.3 ) year-old,the average duration of hypertension was ( 13.8 ±5.3 ) year.After adrenal thin layer scanner CT scan,35 patients ( 9.6% ) with adrenal abnormalities were found.Endocrine functional assessments of adrenal glands were carried out among these patients,17 cases (4.7%) with functional lesions were diagnosed,including 14 cases(3.9% )with primary hyperaldosteronism,2 cases(0.6% )with Cushing's syndrome,and 1 case ( 0.3% ) with pheochromocytoma.Conclusion This study revealed that the percentage of adrenal lesions in outpatients with hypertension was 9.6%.The percentage of adrenal hypertension was 4.7%.Thin layer CT scan seems to effectively screen the adrenal hypertension with adrenal lesions,and would be helpful to the diagnosis of endocrine hypertension.

16.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 687-689, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-424196

ABSTRACT

This paper presents a case of post-pancreatitis diabetes mellitus with seriously damaged islet function. The blood glucose level was successfully controlled by continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion ( CSII )therapy both in short and long terms.

17.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 1072-1073, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-417528

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical effect of treating rheumatism arthritis with pure traditional Chinese medicine preparation of Tongluoshu Liquid.Methods The study of single-blind method was adopted.60 patients were recruited randomly into 2 groups,with 30 patients in each group.The patients in treatment group were administered with Tongluoshu Liquid,150ml each time,twice a day.Those in the control group were given diclofenac sodium sustained release tablets,one tablet each time,twice a day,and methotrexate,7.5 mg for each time,once a week.Results Compared with the control group,the symptoms of joint pain,joint swelling,joint tenderness,bend to stretch disadvantage and soreness and weakness of waist and knees were significantly improved( U=1.20、1.36、1.01、1.78、1.46,P<0.05)in the treatment group.Conclusion Tongluoshu Liquid is a kind of economical,safe and effective medicine to treat rheumatism arthritis.

18.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 509-510, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-386113

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of Tangshukang liquid on the rate of diabetic foot amputation.Methods 80 patients with diabetic foot were divided into two groups (40 ones in each group) by single-blind method. On the basis of conventional treatment of controlling blood glucose, preventing infection, improving microcirculation and carrying out partial debridement for both groups, the treatment group was applied Tangshukang liquid (homemade) externally, and the control group was applied gauze of mixture liquid (gentamiycin+654-2+insulin) externally. Both groups were treated with 4 therapeutic courses (30 days equal one therapeutic course). Therapeutic effects were observed after the treatment. Results Amputation rate of diabetic foot was significantly reduced in the treatment group, especially the patients with wet gangrene.Conclusion Tangshukang Liquid can significantly reduce the amputation rate of diabetic foot and has good effect on diabetic foot with wet gangrene.

19.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2512-2515, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-315410

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the distribution in rat after oral administration of Smilax china extract.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Oxyresveratrol and resveratrol were quantitatively determined by HPLC/DAD method in rat tissues including heart, liver, spleen, lung and kidney after oral administration of S. china extract. The separation was performed on a Zorbax SB-C18 column (4.6 mm x 250 mm, 5 microm) with acetonitrile-water using linear gradient elution and UV detection at wavelength of 320 nm. The flow rate was 1.0 mL x min(-1) and the column was kept at 40 degrees C.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The HPLC/DAD method for the simultaneous determination of oxyresveratrol and resveratrol in rat tissues was developed.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The method has been successfully applied for the distribution study of two active constituents in rat through oral administration of S. china extract.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Rats , Administration, Oral , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Methods , Drug Evaluation, Preclinical , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacokinetics , Plant Extracts , Pharmacokinetics , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Smilax , Chemistry , Stilbenes , Pharmacokinetics
20.
Chinese Journal of Pathophysiology ; (12): 1571-1574, 2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-408534

ABSTRACT

AIM: To evaluate the influences of triptolide on serum cytokines, symptoms and pulmonary function in patients with steroid - resistant asthma, so as to investigate if there is therapeutic effect of triptolide on these patients. METHODS: Sixteen patients with steroid - resistant asthma were randomly divided into two groups (A and B, n =8 for each group). All of the patients took procaterol (50 - 100 μg/d) and theophylline (400 mg/d) orally as baseline treatment. Additionally, triptolide was prescribed for group A (33 μg, orally, three times per day for 4 weeks). Asthmatic symptom score calculation, serum cytokines ( interferon - γ, IFN - γ; interleukin - 4, IL - 4; and interleukin - 5, IL - 5)determination and pulmonary function test (FVC%, FEV1%, PEF%, V50% and V25% ) were undertaken before and at the end of the study. RESULTS: At baseline, no significant difference was found between group A and group B with respect to the above mentioned indices. Following the administration of triptolide, group A had significantly increased serum IFN -γlevel, FVC%, FEV1%, PEF%, V50% and V25%, and significantly decreased asthmatic symptom score and serum IL-4, IL-5 levels (P<0.01 compared with baseline in the same group, and P<0.05 compared with group B at the end of the study). Compared with baseline, no significant change was observed for group B regarding all the indices at the end of the study. CONCLUSION: Triptolide in combination with procaterol and theophylline may be a novel and effective strategy for the treatment of steroid - resistant asthma.

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