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China Pharmacy ; (12): 1326-1328, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-515012


OBJECTIVE:To observe the effect of pathological lesion of renal tissue in rats with spontaneous hypertension (SHR),and study its mechanisms based on nuclear factorκB(NF-κB)signaling pathway. METHODS:21 SHR were randomly di-vided into model group and ICA low-dose,high-dose groups(20,40 mg/kg,denoted by ICA-L,ICA-H groups);other 7 homolo-gous Kyoto rats (WKY) were regarded as control group. All rats were intragastrically administrated,twice a day,for 11 weeks, rats in control group and model group received equal volume of double distilled water,ig. Pathological changes in renal tissue in each group were observed;Western blot method was used to detect protein expressions of p-NF-κB-p65,IκB and TNF-α in renal tissue. RESULTS:Compared with control group,model group showed disorder renal structure,narrow and irregular glomerular cysts;the protein expression of IκB was significantly down-regulated,protein expressions of p-NF-κB-p65 and TNF-α were signifi-cantly up-regulated(P0.05). CONCLUSIONS:ICA plays a role in improving renal pathological lesion in SHR,and the mechanism may be related to inhibiting NF-κB signaling pathway.

Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 537-541, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-484540


Aims To observe the effect of Icariin( Ica) on apoptosis of renal tubular epithelial cell in spontane-ously hypertensive rats( SHR) , and to explore its pos-sible mechanism. Methods 21 male SHR of 14 weeks were randomly divided into model groups, the Ica low and high dose groups (20 or 40 mg·kg-1 ,ig, bid, to 26 weeks ) , 14 week-old male homologous Kyoto rats ( WKY ) as control group, and the number of each group was 7 . WKY group and model group were ad-ministered by gavage with the same volume of double distilled water. The pathological changes were observed by using the HE staining and the apoptosis was detec-ted by TUNEL method in renal tubular epithelial cell, respectively. The mRNA levels of Bok, Bax, Bcl-2 were detected by the real time RT-PCR and the protein expressions of Bcl-2 , Bax and Active caspase-3 were detected by Western blot method in the renal tissue. Results Compared with WKY, renal capsule was nar-row and irregular, and glomerular mesangial matrix was increased with the cell arrangement disorder and the capillary dilation and congestion. Several glomeruli shrank and renal tubular epithelial cell was edema with luminal stenosis in model group. The apoptosis of renal tubular epithelial cell was evident and the mRNA levels of Bok and Bax, as well as the protein expressions of Bax and Active caspase-3 were significantly up-regula-ted in model group, while the mRNA Level and protein expression of Bcl-2 significantly down-regulated ( P <0. 05 or P<0. 01). Compared with model group, renal glomerular capsule widened, proliferation of glomerular mesangial matrix was reduced, and cell arrangement disorder and capillary dilation and renal tubular lumen stenosis were improved in Ica group. Renal tubular ep-ithelial cell apoptosis was decreased evidently, and the mRNA level of Bax, Bok and protein expression of Bax were significantly down-regulated in Ica group, and the mRNA level and protein expression of Bcl-2 in Ica-H group were significantly up-regulated while the protein expression of Active caspase-3 significantly down-regu-lated( P <0. 05 or P <0. 01 ) . Conclusion Ica can inhibit the apoptosis of renal tubular epithelial cell in spontaneously hypertensive rats and its mechanism may be related to the down-regulation of Bok, Bax, and Active caspase-3 , accompanied with the up-regulation of Bcl-2 .