Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 21
Filter
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-513463

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:The pathogenesis of ligamentum flavum hypertrophy remains poorly understood, and the expression of transforming growth factor beta1 (TGF-β1) is increased notably. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) accumulation is associated with tissue degeneration, which may accelerate the progression of ligamentum flavum hypertrophy by upregulating TGF-β1 expression. OBJECTIVE:To clarify the effect and significance of ROS H2O2-mediated up-regulation of TGF-β1 and collagen type Ⅰ in the progress of ligamentum flavum hypertrophy. METHODS:Ligamentum flavum was removed from a case of acquired lumbar disc herniation with normal ligamentum flavum during lumbar posterior decompression surgery, and then separated and cultured in vitro to the 4-6 generations, followed by exposure to H2O2 at various concentrations (0, 50, 100, 150, 200μmol/L) for 72 hours. The mRNA and protein expression levels of TGF-β1 and collagen type Ⅰ were detected by real-time PCR and western blot assay, respectively. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:Real-time quantitative PCR showed that the mRNA expression level of TGF-β1 was significantly increased in the 150 and 200μmol/L groups (P<0.05). The mRNA expression level of collagen type Ⅰ was significantly higher in the experimental groups than that in the control group, especially in the 200μmol/L group (P<0.05). Western blot assay revealed that the protein expression levels of TGF-β1 and collagen type Ⅰ were significantly increased in a dose-dependent manner (P<0.05). These findings indicate that H2O2 may accelerate the progression of ligamentum flavum hypertrophy by up-regulating the expression levels of TGF-β1 and collagen type Ⅰ.

2.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 26-33, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-807992

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the effect of intracoronary administration of nicorandil prior to primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) on myocardial perfusion and short-term clinical outcomes in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI).@*Methods@#A total of 158 patients with STEMI undergoing PPCI from January 2014 to December 2015 in Fuzhou General Hospital were enrolled consecutively in this prospective controlled randomized trial. Patients were assigned into three groups with random number table: the nicorandil group (patients received intracoronary administration of 6 mg nicorandil after guide wire or balloon successfully crossed the target lesion, n=53), the nitroglycerin group (patients received intracoronary administration of 300 μg nitroglycerin after after guide wire or balloon successfully crossed the target lesion, n=52) and the control group(patients received routine treatment, n=53). The primary outcomes were myocardial perfusion, including the levels of corrected TIMI frame count (cTFC), and the incidence of no reflow or slow flow after PPCI. The secondary outcomes included the incidence of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) during hospitalization (all-cause death, reperfusion arrhythmia within 2 hours after PPCI, angina within 24 hours after PPCI, new heart failure or worsening cardiac function, and repeat revascularization) and within 3 months of follow-up (all-cause death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, repeat revascularization, post-infarction angina, and re-hospitalization for congestive heart failure).@*Results@#The age of enrolled patients was (62.9±11.3) years old, and 130 cases (82.3%) of them were male. The median time of symptom-onset to balloon was 4.50 (3.20, 6.43) hours. There were significantly difference in cTFC immediately after PPCI((21.68±7.43)frames, (24.74±8.66)frames, and(27.06±10.40)frames), incidence of no reflow or slow flow after PPCI(5.7%(3/53), 13.5%(7/52), and 22.6%(12/53)), ST-segment resolution at 2 hours after procedure(90.6%(48/53), 84.6%(44/52), and 74.5%(38/53)), and reperfusion arrhythmia at 2 hours after procedure(15.1%(8/53), 36.6%(19/52), and 34.0%(18/53)) among the 3 groups(P<0.01 or 0.05). In the multivariate logistic regression models, intracoronary administration of nicorandil could lower the cTFC level (OR=0.17, 95%CI 0.10-0.41, P=0.001), acted as a protecting factor on lowering the incidence of no reflow or slow flow (OR=0.13, 95%CI 0.02-0.96, P=0.045) and reperfusion arrhythmia (OR=0.26, 95%CI 0.09-0.74, P=0.012), as well as facilitating the ST-segment resolution at 2 hours after procedure (OR=4.62, 95%CI 1.14-18.82, P=0.033). However, observed parameters were similar between intracoronary administration of nitroglycerin group compared with control group (all P>0.05). MACE within 3 months of follow-up were similar among the 3 groups(all P>0.05).@*Conclusion@#Intracoronary administration of nicorandil prior to balloon dilation can significantly improve the myocardial perfusion and reduce the occurrence of reperfusion arrhythmia during PPCI for STEMI, but does not affect the short-term prognosis in STEMI patients.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-487813

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:The exact pathogenesis of ossification of ligamentum flavum has not been elucidated yet. And osteopontin may be an important factor involved in the ossification of ligamentum flavum. OBJECTIVE:To clarify the expression and significance of osteopontin and its receptors, CD44 and integrin-β3, in ligamentum flavum cels between normal controls and patients with ossification of ligamentum flavum.METHODS:Ligamentum flavum tissues were obtained from normal adult controls and adult patients with ossification of ligamentum flavum (n=8 per group) who underwent thoracic/lumbar posterior decompression surgery. Ligmentum flavum cels were separated, cultured and identifiedin vitro, and osteopontin, CD44, integrin-β3 were stained using immunocytochemistry method and observed under inverted phase contrast microscope. And the mRNA expressions of osteopontin, CD44, integrin-β3 were measured by RT-PCR. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Immunocytochemistry results showed that the stronger positive staining for osteopontin, CD44, integrin-β3 was observed in the ossification of ligamentum flavum group than the control group (P < 0.01). The mRNA expressions of osteopontin, CD44 and integrin-β3 were also higher in the ossification of ligamentum flavum group than the control group (P < 0.05). These findings indicate that osteopontin and its receptors, CD44 and integrin-β3, in ligamentum flavum cels may play an important role in ossification of ligamentum flavum.

4.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 617-621, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-308509

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To examine the renal function changes and mechanisms on rats with diabetes through a sleeve gastrectomy operation.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Thirty-six rats were induced diabetes through injection of streptozotocin (STZ), and 30 of these diabetic rats that blood glucose levels at the midrange (blood sugar 17.88-23.65 mmol/L, mean: 20.32 mmol/L) were randomly assigned to the sleeve gastrectomy group, Sham-operation group and control group. The serum creatinine, lipid parameters were measured postoperatively. The 24 h urine volume obtained and urine albumin excretion rate (UAER) was calculated. Serum and urinary creatinine were examined and glomerular filtration rate (GFR) was counted. Kidney sections were stained with periodic acid-Schiff, and then the index of mesangial expansion was determined. The expression of synaptopodin for podocytes was also performed through the immunohistochemical procedure. A one-way ANOVA and t-test were performed to evaluate differences between groups and each other.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Only one rat of SG group died after operation. The GFR ((8.44 ± 2.10) ml · g⁻¹ · d⁻¹), 24 h UAER ((36.04 ± 11.10) mg/d), plasma lipids level (total cholesterol (1.66 ± 0.23) mmol/L, triglycerides (1.25 ± 0.17) mmol/L), kidney weight ((1.61 ± 0.06) g), the index of mesangial expansion ((6.14 ± 1.50)%) and synaptopodin expression ((20.44 ± 2.99)%) were improved in the SG group compared with the sham-operation group ((15.05 ± 3.01) ml · g⁻¹ · d⁻¹, (57.01 ± 11.34) mg/d, (2.15 ± 0.29) mmol/L, (1.65 ± 0.23) mmol/L, (1.93 ± 0.07) g, (11.32 ± 2.09)%, (10.34 ± 1.43)%) and control group ((14.79 ± 2.38) ml · g⁻¹ · d⁻¹, (62.71 ± 16.46) mg/d, (2.23 ± 0.21) mmol/L, (1.59 ± 0.20) mmol/L, (1.91 ± 0.06) g, (10.82 ± 1.79)%, (11.13 ± 2.43)%) (t = 0.781-5.025, all P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The sleeve gastrectomy procedure can improve the renal function in a diabetes rat model may be through protecting the podocytes function and preventing the mesangial expansion of glomeruli.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Blood Glucose , Creatinine , Blood , Urine , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental , Diabetic Nephropathies , General Surgery , Gastrectomy , Glomerular Filtration Rate , Kidney , Kidney Function Tests , Random Allocation , Rats
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-669947

ABSTRACT

Objective To describe the prevalence and risk factors of insomnia among adults in YiBin City. Meth?ods Using multi-stage stratified cluster sampling, 12000 subjects over 18 years old were identified in YiBin City. The subjects were screened using the insomnia survey self-edited and risk factors of insomnia were identified through logistic analysis. Results A total of 11227 subjects completed the survey in which 1671 people (14.9%, 95%CI:14.2%~15.5%) were diagnosed insomnia using ICD-10. Among them, 9.4% (157 patients) had seeked for professional help. The multi?variate logistic analysis showed that low level of life quality(OR=2.42,P<0.01), jobless(OR=1.87,P<0.01), over 60 years old(OR=1.69,P<0.01), fewer years of education(OR=1.41,P<0.01), female(OR=1.41,P<0.01)and lower annu?al per capita income(OR=1.15,P=0.01)were risk factors in insomnia people. Conclusion The incidence of insomnia is high in YiBin city. Sleep quality in high-risk group needs more attention and corresponding measures should be taken in order to increase the rate of asking for help in insomnia people.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-463259

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effects of baijin capsule on behavioral changes and monoamine neurotransmitters concentration in chronic unpredictable mild stress ( CUMS ) depression rat model.Methods The depression rat model was induced by11-week chronic unpredictable mild stress combining with solitary.After the model were established, rats were given the decoction of baijin capsule ( 12.6 g/kg, 4.2 g/kg, 1.4 g/kg ) or fluoxetine hydrochloride (3.5 mg/kg) by intragastricfor 4 weeks.During the experiment period, sucrose consumption and open-field experiment were conducted to monitor the behavior of rats, such as sucrose consumption percentage, horizontal motion, and vertical motion.At the end of the experiment, the levels of the monoamine neurotransmitters in the cerebral cortex and hippocampus were analyzed by method of high performance liquid chromatography-electrochemistry.Results Compared with the normal group, the weight, horizontal displacement distance, vertical movement times, and sucrose consumption percentage of rats in model group decreased significantly after stimulated with CUMS and solitary for 7 weeks (P<0.05,P<0.01).Compared with model group, consecutively administrated for 4 weeks, horizontal displacement distance, vertical movement times, and the percentage in sugar water consumption significantly increased with the treatment of baijin capsule (P<0.05, P<0.01).Meanwhile, the content of norepinephrine (NE), dopamine (DA), and 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) in the cortex were significantly increased in rats of the baijin capsule ( P <0.05 ) .Conclusions The results indicated that baijin capsule improved the behavioral disturbances in depression rat model, which were related to enhancement of the concentration of monoamine neurotransmitters in the cortex.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-274324

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To determine the optimum compatibility extraction technology of Rhei Radix et Rhizoma, Scutellariae Radix and Phellodendri Chinensis Cortex.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The drugs were combined respectively firstly, then use HPLC to determinate extraction rates of evaluating indicators including emodin, chrysophano, baicalin and berberine hydrochloride. Orthogonal experiment was used to detect the effect on concentration and volume of ethanol, times of extraction.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The extraction rates of evaluating indicators were relatively high in combined extraction of Rhei Radix et Rhizoma with Scutellariae Radix and single extraction of Phellodendri Chinensis Cortex. The optimized combined extraction were 12 times more than the volume of 60% ethanol solution, by boiling for 3 times, each for 1.0 hour, and that of single extraction were 10 times more than the volume of 60% ethanol solution, by boiling for 3 times, each for 1.0 hour.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The optimized compatibility extraction technology is reasonable, stable and practical.</p>


Subject(s)
Chemical Fractionation , Methods , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Ethanol , Chemistry , Phellodendron , Chemistry , Scutellaria baicalensis , Chemistry , Time Factors
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-424415

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo understand the behavioral characteristics,strength on suicide ideation and mental disorder diagnosis among suicide attempers,so as to provide consultation for crisis intervention of suicide.Methods232 suicide attempters from emergency of 5 general hospital in south-west of Shandong province were enrolled.They were assessed using questionnaires on attempted suicide behaviors and scale on the strength of suicide ideation,and were diagnosed using the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-Ⅳ Disorders axis Ⅰ for patient (SCID/I-P).Results( 1 ) In the total of 232 cases,female was more than male with the gender ratio of 2.87 (female vs male).The highest proportion rate (56.9%) existed between 16 years old to 35 years old.Oral application pesticide was the most commom suicide pattern (83.2%),91.4% of the suicide attempt occurred in the their homes.The top three reasons leading to suicide were family contrary (61.2%),depressive mood (15.1%)and fail in love (9.5%).(2) In all cases,83.6% did not think if they were found,84.1% did not adopted any precaution measures,over 60.0% did not tell anyone their attempted plans,and 90% had no dying structions and /or dying testaments before their attempted behaviors.At the moment of attemp behaviors,62.9% did not contact with someone.The 60.0% of all the cases had wanted strongly to die,otherwise 7.3% had wanted to manipulate others.(3) The diagnosis rate of mental disorder on DSM-Ⅳ was 45.3%,in which the mood disorder was most.ConclusionThere are no changes on the behavioral characteristics among the suicide attempters in the south-west rural area of Shandong province.Their strength of suicide ideation are moderate,and a certain proportion of suicide attempters may be impulsive suicide attempters.There is more relationship between mental disorder and suicide attempt.

9.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 49-53, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-417802

ABSTRACT

Objectives To prospectively investigate the diagnostic accuracy,image quality and radiation doses of prospectively ECG-triggered high-pitch spiral acquisition computed tomography coronary angiography (CTCA) using Flash dual-source CT for the diagnosis of significant coronary stenoses.Methods Seventy-three patients underwent both CTCA and CCA.CTCA was performed using a Flash dual-source CT system with data acquisition at a high-pitch of 3.4.CCA served as the standard of reference.Radiation dose values were calculated using the dose-length product.Results There were 925 vessel segments in 73 patients.(1)Diagnostic accuracy: the sensitivity,specificity and positive and negative predictive values were 93.2% (164/176),96.4% (722/749),85.9% (164/191),98.4% (722/734) for segment assessment and 98.4% ( 123/125 ),87.4% ( 83/95 ),91.1% ( 123/135 ),97.6% ( 83/85 ) for vessel assessment and 100% (44/44),89.7% ( 26/29 ),93.6% ( 44/47 ),100% ( 26/26 ) for patient assessment.( 2 ) Image quality: there were 2 coronary segments of right coronary artery and one segment of left circumflex artery with non-diagnostic image quality.There was no non-diagnostic image quality in left anterior descending artery.(3) Radiation dose: the effective radiation dose was ( 1.14 ± 0.10) mSv.Conclusions CTCA using the prospectively ECG-triggered high-pitch spiral mode of the Flash dual-source CT system is associated with high diagnostic accuracy for the assessment of coronary artery stenoses at low dose.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-354204

ABSTRACT

To study the infection rate of leaf spot disease, the drying rate of root and volatile oil content of Asarum heterotropoides var. mandshuricum at the unwrapping stage, blooming stage, the initial fruit stage, fructescence and wither stage during the growth period under the different sunlight intensity of 100% (I), 50% (II), 28% (III), 12% (IV). The volatile oil content was measured according to the method of Chinese Pharmacopoeia and the oil composition was determined by GC-MS. The unwrapping stage, blooming stage and the early fruit stage postponed about 2 days with decrease of the sunlight intensity. The infection rate of leaf was 88.46%, 70.00%, 0.23%, 0.07% under light intensity of I, II, III and IV, respectively, the drying rate was 25.14%, 28.27%, 30.23%, 31.57% under light intensity of I, II, III and IV, respectively, and the volatile oil content was 18.1, 17.6, 16.3, 15.3 mL x kg(-1) under light intensity of I, II, III and IV, respectively. The composition of the oil determined by GC-MS was different between the groups, but the content did not changed significantly with the decrease of the light intensity.


Subject(s)
Asarum , Radiation Effects , Light , Regression Analysis
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-422894

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo compare the clinical and social-psychological characteristics of patients with and without mental disorder.MethodsBase the diagnosis of mental disorder,232 suicide attempters were divided into two groups:suicide attempter with mental disorder ( 105 cases) and suicide attempter without mental disorder (127 cases).The Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-Ⅳ,the Strength of Suicide Ideation,Health Questionnaire of WHO,Questionnaire of Life Measure (QLM),Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI),Barratt Impulsiveness Scale (BIS) and Buss Aggressiveness Scale (BAS),Social Support Rate Scale and Questionnaire of Coping Style (QCS) were conducted.ResultsThe 105 suicide attempters with a mental disorder were older than the 127 suicide attempter without a mental disorder ( 37.9 ± 14.5 vs 32.9 ± 13.3,t =2.710,P =0.007 ),and the percentage of female was lower in the former than in the later(65.7% vs 81.1%,x2 =7.099,P =0.008 ).In the total of 232 cases,female was more than male with the gender ratio of 2.87 ( female vs male).The strength level of suicide ideation was higher ( 7.1 ± 2.8 vs 4.8 ± 2.3,t =6.498,P =0.000).The scores of health questionnaire of WHO,BDI and BAI were higher in the suicide attempters with a mental disorder than those without a mental disorder,otherwise the scores of QLM,BIS and its three sub-scales were higher.Among QCS,the sub-score of Self-blaming was higher,and the sub-scores of Question solvation and Asking for help were lower.ConclusionThere are distinguished differences on the sociodemographic and psychological characteristics among the suicide attempters with and without a mental disorder.Mental diseases play an important role in the development of suicide attempter with a mental disorder.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-422759

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the roles on psychosocial factors of suicide behavior in the suicide attempters.Methods132 suicide attempters and 132 matched controls treated in the emergency department were assessed using certain psychosocial questionnaires,such as Health Questionnaire of WHO,Questionnaire of Life Measure ( QLM),Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and Beck Anxiety Inventory ( BAI),Barratt Impulsiveness Scale (BIS) and Buss Aggressiveness Scale ( BAS),Social Surpport Rate Scale and Questionnaire of Coping Style (QCS).Results( 1 ) The results of single-factor analysis showed that the scores of Health Questionnaire of WHO and QL were lower in the suicide attempter group than those in the control group( suicide attempter group:17.07±3.07 and 9.76 ±7.11; control group:13.42 ±3.31 and 17.08 ±3.81,all P<0.05),otherwise the scores of BDI,BAI,BIS and BAS were higher( suicide attempter group:15.22 ± 11.22,27.87 ± 7.24,87.67 ±20.08 and 73.74 ± 19.61 ; control group:6.87 ± 6.36,26.22 ± 5.44,73.34 ± 14.54 and 63.78 ± 16.44,all P < 0.05 ).Among QCS,the sub-score of self-blaming was higher( 3.42 ± 2.44 VS 2.35 ± 2.04,P < 0.05 ),otherwise the sub-scores of question solvation,asking for help and rationalization were lower( all P < 0.05 ).( 2 ) The result of multi-factors analysis showed that gender,mean education times,the scores of QL,HQ,BDI,and BIS,sub-score of rationalization,and so on,entried the Logistic aggressive equaltion.Conclusion The status of health,quality of life,depressive and anxious mood,impulsive and aggressive personality,and certain coping style play important role.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-421187

ABSTRACT

Objective To discuss influence of evidence-based nursing on compliance and quality of life of patients with coronary heart disease after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Methods From January to September, 2010, 86 patients with coronary heart disease undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention therapy were randomly divided into the study group and the control group with 43 patients in each group. Two groups of patients underwent percutaneous coronary intervention therapy and routine care after related check-up, and the study group was given comprehensive and systemic evidence-based nursing intervention on the basis of routine care. Medical compliance and life quality and other clinical indicators of the two groups of patients were comparatively analyzed. Results Compared with the control group, fully compliance rate of the study group was significantly higher, and partical compliance rate decreased significantly. At the same time, score of neurological function, psychological function, social function and other aspects of material life were significantly increased in the study group. Conclusions Application of evidence- based nursing has significant meaning for improving compliance and life quality of coronary heart disease patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention, which is worthy of further clinical promotion and application.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-671403

ABSTRACT

Objective Describe the prevalence of depressive disorders (mood disorders with current depressive episode) among individuals treated in general hospitals in Beijing. Methods 2877 outpatients and 2925 inpatients ≥15 years of age from 50 general hospitals (selected by stratified random sampling) were screened by trained psychiatric nurses using a depression screening instrument and then the gold standard diagnosis of all subjects screened positive and 10% of those screened negative was determined by a trained psychiatrist who used a semi-structured interview schedule based on American psychiatric diagnostic criteria (DSM-IV). Results The adjusted point prevalence, one-year prevalence, and lifetime prevalence of any type of depressive disorder were 5.23%, 5.72% and 8.22%, respectively; corresponding prevalences of major depressive disorder were 2.94%, 3.46%, and 5.32%, respectively. Conclusions The prevalence of depressive disorders among patients in general hospitals in Beijing is not significantly higher than in the general population in China.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-403849

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the value of glypican-3(GPC-3)mRNA and paternally expressed 10(PEG10)mRNA in peripheral blood in diagnosis of metastasis in hepatocellular carcinoma(HCC). Methods With SYBR Green I as fluorescence signal,real-time fluorescent quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction was employed to detect the expression of GPC-3 mRNA and PEG10 mRNA in peripheral blood from patients with HCC with metastasis(n=8),HCC without metastasis(n=12)and hepatic cirrhosis(n=11),and receiver operator characteristics curve(ROC)and specific parameters were adopted to analyse their value in predictive and exclusive diagnosis. Results The expression of GPC-3 mRNA and PEG10 mRNA in HCC with metastasis was significantly higher than that in HCC without metastasis and in hepatic cirrhosis(P<0.05),while there was no significant difference in the expression of GPC-3 mRNA and PEG10 mRNA between HCC without metastasis and hepatic cirrhosis.In single test,the sensitivities in the differential diagnosis between HCC with metastasis and HCC without metastasis were 66.7%for GPC-3 mRNA and 72.2%for PEG10 mRNA,and the specificities were 91.7%and 91.7%.respectively.The areas under ROC were 0.748 for GPC-3 mRNA and 0.812 for PEG10 mRNA.With two markers in parallel test,the sensitivity,specificity,negative likelihood and diagnostic accuracy were 90.7%,84.O%,0.11 and 83.3%,respectively.In serial test,the sensitivity,specificity,positive likelihood and diagnostic accuracy were 60.5%,98.7%,45.5 and 73.3%,respectively. Conclusion Detection of GPC-3 mRNA and PEG10 mRNA in peripheral blood may help to predict blood metastasis and extrahepatic metastasis of HCC,and PEG10 mRNA works better than GPC-3 mRNA.The serial test of GPC-3 mRNA and PEG10 mRNA is helpful to the predictive diagnosis of peripheral blood metastasis of HCC.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-403016

ABSTRACT

A quartz tube reactor was designed to combine with a commercial mass spectrometer for on-line detecting the gases evolved during pyrolysis of coal and other samples with high volatile. The reliability and repeatability of this atmosphere pressure-temperature programmed pyrolysis-mass spectrum (AP-TPP-MS) system were tested by model compound and real coal sample. The results show that pyrolysis of model compound can give good response, less overlap or tailing gases evolution curves;and multi-peaks can be observed from the same gas curve of real sample. The reliability and repeatability of this system are perfect and the system can be applied to study the coals decarboxylation by comparing the CO_2 evolution curves.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-583339

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare suicide attempters with community-based controls for more specific prevention strategies.Method:From the list of suicide attempters of three general hospitals 2 years before, 363 of 786 attempters (48.5%) were found. We collected a control group matched for sex, age and location of residence and compared the life events for the past two years, life quality, family cohesion and adaptability of the past month, and impulsivity and aggressiveness.Result:The two groups were similar in sex, age, family income, marital status, occupation and health insurance status. But the suicide attempt group had less education, had more prominent impulsive and aggressive in traits, had higher levels of hopelessness, more negative life events and greater distress from negative life events in the two years after their attempt. They had poorer life quality and lower family cohesion and adaptability for the past month. They had also more severe depressive symptoms in the prior week.Conclusion:Two years after their suicide attempt, the attempters still have substantial differences from normal controls. They are a distinct high-risk subgroup that deserves specific interventions.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-539841

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate diagnostic value of low-tension computed tomography(CT) and magnetic resonance imaging(MRI) on carcinoma around Vater’s ampulla.Methods The data of CT and MRI of 30 patients with carcinoma around Vater’s ampulla confirmed by pathology were analysed retrospectively.Results 30 patients all had different degree obstruction of low part of biliary tract. CT or MRI showed the location, size and relationship with abjacent tissue of carcinoma in 26 patients, and the finger-stall sign of the descending part of the duodenum in 18 patients among them. Space occupying lesion of carcinoma was found dimly in 4 patients, no space occupying lesion of carcinoma was found in 3 patients.Conclusion The finger-stall sign of the descending part of the duodenum and finding of mass of ampulla are characteristic findings of carcinoma around Vaterys ampulla, low-tension CT and MRI are valuable methods of diagnosis of carcinoma around Vatery’s ampulla.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-543767

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of TFu on FRH-0201 cell and to test new drugs for the chemotherapy of cholangiocarcinoma.Methods:Morphological changes were observed by light microscopy and fluorescence microscopy.The effect of TFu on FRH-0201 cell was examined by clone formation.Cell cycle and apoptosis were examined by flow-cytometric analysis.DNA ladder was used to detect apoptosis.To compare the drug susceptibility of TFu with 5-Fu and several other common drugs by MTT colorimetric assay.Results:TFu significantly inhibited the proliferation and clone formation of FRH-0201 cell line within concentration of 0.016~4mmol/L.The inhibition ratio was dependent on ascending concentration and time,and that is higher than 5-Fu with the same concentration.The morphological character of apoptosis was observed.Flow cytometric analysis indicated that TFu induced a G_1 phase arrest and apoptosis more than 5-Fu.ADM,DDP and TFu were the sensitive drugs to FRH-0201 cel line,and the combination of them can reach the highest inhibition ratio.Conclusion:These results suggests that TFu can more significantly inhibited the proliferation of FRH-0201 cell line than 5-Fu.The mechanism may be related to the cell cycle arrest in association with apoptosis,which may provide a new approach for treating cholangiocarcinoma.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-586066

ABSTRACT

Objective: Describe the depressive symptoms and suicidal characteristics of patients with major depressive episodes treated in non-psychiatric outpatient and inpatient departments of general hospitals. Methods: Trained psychiatric nurses administered our depression screening instrument to 2 877 consecutive outpatients and 2 925 inpatients who were at least 15 years of age, able to complete the survey and had no serious communication difficulties. These subjects were identified from 35 level-1, 8 level-2, and 7 level-3 general hospitals in Beijing that were selected by stratified random sampling. Results:Compared to 5 604 patients without depression, a higher proportion of the 198 patients with major depressive episode were agricultural laborers (14.2% v. 7.9%, ?2=17.48), uninsured (45.2% v. 37.8%, ?2=4.41), inpatients (63.1% v. 50.0%, ?2=13.26), treated in internal medicine departments (the internal medicine, surgical, genecological, traditional Chinese medicine and other medical departments distribution of depressed versus non-depressed patients was 51.5%, 30.8%, 3.0%, 2.5%, and 12.1% v. 40.7%, 30.5%, 9.8%, 4.9%, and 14.0%, ?2=17.28), less educated [9(4) v. 10(5) years of formal education, t=-3.55] and relatively poor (median monthly per capita income in the family was 500 yuan v. 800 yuan, Z=-4.86) (all P

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL