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1.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 318-320,F3, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932060

ABSTRACT

Circular RNA (CircRNA) is an endogenous closed circular noncoding RNA widely existing in organisms. It has a variety of biological functions and the characteristics of stable structure, high conservation, tissue and developmental stage specificity. Studies have confirmed that CircRNA plays an important role in regulating tumor gene expression, including participating in the occurrence, development and metastasis of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). It has the potential to become a new biomarker for the diagnosis and prognosis of OSCC, and can be used as a potential target for the treatment of OSCC. This paper reviews the biological characteristics of CircRNA and its latest research status in the diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of OSCC.

2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 1041-1053, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929344

ABSTRACT

The immune checkpoint blockade (ICB) targeting on PD-1/PD-L1 has shown remarkable promise in treating cancers. However, the low response rate and frequently observed severe side effects limit its broad benefits. It is partially due to less understanding of the biological regulation of PD-L1. Here, we systematically and comprehensively summarized the regulation of PD-L1 from nuclear chromatin reorganization to extracellular presentation. In PD-L1 and PD-L2 highly expressed cancer cells, a new TAD (topologically associating domain) (chr9: 5,400,000-5,600,000) around CD274 and CD273 was discovered, which includes a reported super-enhancer to drive synchronous transcription of PD-L1 and PD-L2. The re-shaped TAD allows transcription factors such as STAT3 and IRF1 recruit to PD-L1 locus in order to guide the expression of PD-L1. After transcription, the PD-L1 is tightly regulated by miRNAs and RNA-binding proteins via the long 3'UTR. At translational level, PD-L1 protein and its membrane presentation are tightly regulated by post-translational modification such as glycosylation and ubiquitination. In addition, PD-L1 can be secreted via exosome to systematically inhibit immune response. Therefore, fully dissecting the regulation of PD-L1/PD-L2 and thoroughly detecting PD-L1/PD-L2 as well as their regulatory networks will bring more insights in ICB and ICB-based combinational therapy.

3.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 954-959, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907736

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the mechanism of Dahuangfuzi decoction on intestinal motility disorder by observing its effect on serum motilin, Cajal interstitial cells and motilin receptor in rats with severe acute pancreatitis (SAP).Methods:Eighteen clean male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into the control group, SAP group and Dahuangfuzi group ( n=6 each group). The SAP rat model was prepared by retrogradely injected 4% sodium taurocholate into cholangiopancreatic duct. The rats in the SAP group were given 2 mL normal saline (37℃) enema at 12 and 24 h after operation. The rats in the Dahuangfuzi group was given 2 mL Dahuangfuzi decoction (37℃) enema at 12 and 24 h respectively. For the control group, the pancreas was exposed in the same way and then the abdomen was closed. Forty-eight h after operation, the abdominal aorta blood samples were taken for determination of serum endotoxin and amylase, and for detection of serum motilin by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA); the pathological changes of pancreas and ileum were observed by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining. The expression of c-kit and motilin receptor protein in ICC in ileum tissue was detected by immunohistochemistry. Results:Compared with the control group, the levels of serum endotoxin and amylase in the SAP group were significantly higher [(504.98±88.81) pg/mL vs. (17.76±5.01) pg/mL; (532.28±66.53) vs. (69.45±3.61) U/L, P<0.05], while the levels of serum motilin were significantly lower [(195.4±6.7) ng/L vs. (301±8.10) ng/L, P<0.05], and the scores of c-kit and motilin receptor protein were decreased ( P<0.05); compared with the SAP group, the levels of serum endotoxin and amylase in the Dahuangfuzi group were significantly reduced [(189.9±38.23) pg/mL vs. (504.98±88.81) pg/mL; (294.23±25.66) vs. (532.28±66.53) U/L, P<0.05], while the levels of serum motilin were significantly increased [(264.2±8.3) ng/L vs. (195.4±6.7) ng/L, P<0.05], and the scores of c-kit and motilin receptor protein were increased ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Dahuangfuzi decoction can improve the intestinal motility of SAP rats by promoting the secretion of motilin, increasing the activity of ICC cells and the expression of motilin receptor.

4.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 46-49, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821195

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the hygienic status of ventilation systems in centralized air-conditioning in Nanshan district of Shenzhen City, and to provide a basis for standardizing hygienic management and targeted prevention and control. Methods According to the requirements of "Hygienic Specifications for Central Air Conditioning and Ventilation Systems in Public Places" WS 394-2012, 303 public places using central air conditioning and ventilation devices in Nanshan District of Shenzhen City were sampled from 2016 to 2019 for four consecutive years. From these, 19 large public places were randomly selected for investigation of the hygienic condition of the air supply system. Results The qualified rates of central air conditioning ventilation systems from 2016-2019 were 94.56%, 96.96%, 98.33% and 95.65%, respectively, and there was no statistically significant difference among them (P>0.05). The qualified rates of accumulated dust, total bacterium and fungus counts on the inner surface of the ducts were 100%, 98.34% and 98.67%, respectively. PM10, total bacterium counts and fungus counts in the supplied air of the randomly selected 19 large public places were 100%, 63.15% and 78.94% respectively. The overall detection rate of Legionella pneumophila was 12.21%, and the detection rate of cooling water was larger than that of condensed water (P0.05). Conclusion The sanitary condition of the central air conditioning ventilation system in the public places of Nanshan district needed to be improved. Legionella pneumophila was still detected in some public places. Daily cleaning and disinfection management of central air condition systems should be strengthened.

5.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 1397-1401, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-694340

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the expression of protein AQP5 and CC16 in lung after hemorrhagic shock resuscitation in rats in order to explore the mechanism of acute lung injury.Methods Thirty-two healthy and clean male SD rats were randomly (random number) divided into two groups:control group and hemorrhagic shock resuscitation group (n =16 in each).Besides,each group was further divided into two subgroups according to the experiment done at 12 h and 24 h after hemorrhagic shock resuscitation (n =8).The hemorrhagic shock model was made by using Wiggers' modified method.Resuscitation was done by transfusing the autologous blood and the equal volume of Ringer's solution.Blood samples were obtained from abdominal aorta at each given interval to measure the level of plasma endotoxin,and assay the CC16 and AQP5 by using ELISA.After the rats were sacrificed,the left lung tissue was taken to measure lung water content and the dry/wet ratio,and to examine the levels of CC16 and AQP5 in lung tissue by immunohistochemical method.Results ①The level of plasma endotoxin in the experimental group was significantly higher than that in the control group (P < 0.01).②The content of plasma CC16 in the experimental group was higher than that in the control group (P < 0.05).③Compared with the control group,the content of pulmonary homogenate AQP5 in the experimental group was significantly lower (P <0.05).④The lung water content (the dry/wet ratio) of the experimental group was obviously higher than that of the control group (P < 0.05).⑤Hislogogical observation with HE staining showed in the control group,the alveolar structure was complete,the alveolar sacs were clear,and the alveolar septum was intact;but in the experimental group,the alveolar septum was widened,and there were obvious hemorrhage and neutrophil infiltration in the alveolar space.⑥ The level of lung tissue CC16 in control group was significantly higher compared with experimental group (P < 0.05).⑦ The level of lung tissue AQP5 was significantly higher in control group compared with experimental group (P < 0.05).Conclusions The proteins of AQP5 and CC16 were involved in the process of acute lung injury after hemorrhagic shock resuscitation in rats,and their levels were positively correlated with length of time after hemorrhagic shock.

6.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 1120-1124, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-470987

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the protective effect of sodium pyruvate solution to intestinal barrier in Hemorrhagic shock rats by intraperitoneal resuscitation.Methods A total of 40 Male SD ratswere healthy and clean,were randomly (random number) divided into four groups:sham operation group (group Ⅰ),hemorrhagic shock model group (group Ⅱ),the recovery of the compound sodium chloride intravenous + intraperitoneal recovery of the PD-2 liquid group (group iiⅢ),the recovery of the compound sodium chloride intravenous + sodium pyruvate abdominal recovery group (group Ⅳ) (n =10).In addition to the group Ⅰ,the other three groups are used the HS model by The Wiggers improvement prepared,group Ⅲ,Ⅳ were used the same amount of intravenous recovery,At the same time to the abdominal cavity were respectively injected 20 mL 2.5% PD-2 liquid and 20 m 2.5% sodium pymvate solution.After 2 h,each group were taken arterial blood measured arterial blood gases (pH,PaCO2,PaO2) and D-lactic acid,small intestine specimens under the light microscope to observe the morphological changes of the rat small intestinal mucosa.Results Blood gas analysis:group Ⅲ and Ⅳ was significantly increased compared with group Ⅱ in pH levels and PaO2 content (P < 0.01),and comoared to group Ⅲ,pH levels and PO2 levels of group Ⅳ increased more significantly (P < 0.05) ; D-LA content:Group Ⅲ,Ⅳgroup is significantly lower than group Ⅱ (P < 0.01) ; compared with group Ⅲ and group Ⅳ,D-LA significantly decreased (P < 0.05).Light microscope,the group Ⅱ,the rat small intestine layer of a high degree of villous edema,submucosal vascular collapse within the lamina propria glands focal area of necrosis,and large areas of mucosal villi necrosis,defects; group Ⅲ and group Ⅳof small intestinal damage compared to group Ⅱ significantly reduced; Ⅳgroup of the rat small intestine villi edema,lodging and the degree of necrosis in group Ⅲ.Intestinal epithelial damage index score:the Ⅳ group than in group Ⅱ and Ⅲ group (P < 0.01 or P < 0.05).Conclusions The venous recovery and intraperitoneal resuscitation can significantly reduce the plasma D-LA content of hemorrhagic shock in rats,correct acidosis,increase the oxygen partial pressure ; and intestinal mucosal barrier function,the protective of sodium pyruvate solution is better than the PD-2 liquid.

7.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 1230-1235, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-439209

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of hemorrhagic shock on intestinal epithelial tight junction and expression of protein Occludin.Methods Twenty-four SD rats were allocated to sham operation group,hemorrhagic shock 0.5-hour,2-hour,and 4-hour groups according to random number table,with 6 rats per group.A model of hemorrhagic shock in the rat was induced by the improved Wiggers method.Blood samples were drawn from abdominal aorta.Activity of plasma diamine oxidase (DAO) was determined by active colonmetric method; content of plasma D-lactic acid (D-LA) by spectrophotometer method; plasma endotoxin levels by turbidimetry; bacterial translocation by bacterial culture of mesenteric lymph nodes and liver tissues; pathological changes of intestinal mucosa by light microscope; ultrastructure of intestinal epithelial cells by electron microscopy; Occludin mRNA expression in small intestinal mucosa by RT-PCR; Occludin expression by Western blot and imnmnohistochemical method.Results Levels of DAO [(72.68-± 10.24) mg/ml],D-LA [(9.28 ± 0.53) μg/ml] and endotoxin [(41.25 ±3.68) pg/L] in hemorrhagic shock 0.5-hour group increased markedly as compared with those in sham operation group (P <0.05).Bacteria were cultivated from the liver tissues and mesenteric lymph nodes in hemorrhagic shock 2-hour group and much more colonies of bacteria were observed in hemorrhagic shock 4-hour group (P < 0.01).Morphology and ultrastructure of the small intestinal epithelium manifested immediate damage in hemorrhagic shock 0.5-hour group and much worse detriment was obsevved with a prolonged bleeding time.Occludin mRNA expression in small intestinal mucosa decreased in hemorrhagic shock 0.5-hour group,followed by a further reduction in hemorrhagic shock 2-hour group (P <0.05).Localized expression of Occludin in hemorrhagic shock O.5-hour group was weakly positive.Occludin content in hemorrhagic shock 2-hour group showed significant reduction when compared with that in hemorrhagic shock O.5-hour group (P < 0.01) and its localized express was negative as well.Conclusion Occludin expression in intestinal epithelial cells decreases obviously with a prolonged bleeding time,which is presumed to be an important basis for disruption of cellular tight junction.

8.
Chinese Journal of Pancreatology ; (6): 113-116, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-414401

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effects of Dahuangfuzi decoction on the intestine barrier functional of acute necrotizing pancreatitis in rats. Methods The 60 rats were randomly divided into sham operation group ( n = 19 ), ANP group ( n = 21 ), and Dahuangfuzi treatment group ( n = 20). The rats of ANP group were induced by injecting 1 ml/kg of 4% sodium taurocholate into the pancreatiobiliary duct, and jejunal fistula was esablished. The rats of treatment group received Dahuangfuzi decoction (2 ml, repeated at 4 and 8 h)through jejunum distal stoma tube 0. 5 h after ANP induction. The other 2 groups received same amount of normal saline. Blood sample was collected through abdominal aorta, 24 h after ANP induction, and the serum amylase, endotoxin, D-lactate, plasma diamine oxidase (DAO) were detected. Pancreas, small intestine tissue was harvested for pathologic examination, index of intestinal epithelial damage was measured and ultrastructural changes in small intestinal mucosa was observed. Results The expression of serum amylase, endotoxin,D-lactate, DAO in sham operation group was ( 152 ± 32 ) U/L, (6.95 ± 2.10) pg/L, ( 3.96 ± 1.08 ) μg/mland ( 14.26 ± 2.67 ) μg/ml, while the corresponding values were ( 1549 ± 93 ) U/L, (40.48 ± 3.41 ) pg/L,( 12.34 ± 1.23 ) μg/ml and ( 80.28 ± 3.54) μg/ml in ANP group, and they were (655 ± 49 ) U/L, ( 19.55 ±2.50) pg/L, (6.75 ± 1.36 ) μg/mland ( 20.69 ± 7.53 ) μg/ml in treatment group. The values in ANP group were significantly higher than those in sham operation group. The values in treatment group were significantly lower than those in ANP group, but significantly higher than those in sham operation group ( P < 0.05 or P <0. 01 ). The thickness and height of intestinal mucosa in ANP group were ( 389.44 ± 29.87 )μm and ( 16.52 ±3.73) μm, which were significantly lower than those in treatment group [(501.95 ± 45.38 )μm, (27.82 ±5.17)] μm, and in sham operation group [( 658.72 ± 57.49 ) μm, ( 35.49 ± 6.43 )μm, Index of intestional epitholial donage in ANP group was 3.72 ± 0.65 which is significently higher than those in theatment (2.12 ±0.37 ) and in sham operation group (0.85 ± 0.24). The intestinal mucosa histological and ultrastructural changes in Dahuangfuzi treatment group were better than those in ANP group. Conclusions Dahuangfuzidecoction can significantly decrease the damage of intestine barrier function in ANP rats.

9.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 151-155, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-384305

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate effect of Dahuang Fuzi decoction on alveolaur epithelial barrier in rats with lung injury with severe acute pancreatitis. Method Ninty-six health SD rats were randomly divided into three groups: sham operation group, SAP-ALI group, Dahuang Fuzi decoction group, and then according to the time point of sacrifice after operation, each group was subdivided into 3,6,12,24 hour subsets ( each, n = 8). After the belly of a rat in the sham operation group was cut open, the pancreas was flipped several times,and then a stoma was made in the jejunum to form its fistula. In the SAP-ALl group,1 mL/kg sodium taurocholate was reversely injected into the pancreatobile duct to establish the model of SAP, and then the jejimum fistula was performed. The SAP-ALI model in Dahuang Fuzi decoction group was treated by injection of 10ml of Dahuang Fuzi decoctionon into the fistula respectively. Blood was collected from heart to detect serum amvlase and endotoxin (ET) levels before the rat being executed. The lung histopathologic changes, pulmonary injury scores and wet/dry weight(W/D) ratios were observed after the rats were executed. The alveolar liquid clearance rate(ALCR), total lung water content (TLW), extravascular lung water content(EVLW) and alveolar epithelial permeability (AEP) were examined in 3,6, 12,24 h after injury.Results There was continuous increase of AEP,TLW and EVLW,as well as progressive reduction of ALCR compared with sham operation group at 3,6,12,24 h after operation. Compared with SAP-ALI group, there was continuous decrease of AEP,TLW and EVLW, and elevated of ALCR at 3,6,12,24 h after operation.Conclusions Dahuang Fuzi decoction can significantly reduce alveolaur epithelial barrier and degree of lung tissue of SAP-ALI rats by inhibiting the elevation of LPS and inflammation reaction.

10.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 470-475, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-389544

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the protective effects of intra-peritoneal fluid resuscitation on small intestinal mucosa in rats with hemorrhagic shock. Method Fifty Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly (random number) divided into five groups, namely sham operation group (group I ), hemorrhagic shock group (group Ⅱ ), intra-venous fluid resuscitation group (group Ⅲ ) . intravenous fluid resuscitation plus intra-peritoneal saline resuscitation (group Ⅳ ) and intravenous fluid resuscitation plus intra-peritoneal PD-2 solution resuscitation group (group Ⅴ ). The rats of 5 groups were processed with cannulations of right common carotid artery, right femoral vein and left femoral artery with systemic heparinization. The rat models of hemorrhagic shock were established with modified Wigger' s method by which the blood exsanguinated from left femoral artery. The rats of group Ⅲ were resuscitated with shed blood plus twice equal volume of Ringer's solution after modeling of hemorrhagic shock.The rats of group Ⅳ and group Ⅴ were administered intra-peritoneally with 30 mL saline and 30 mL of 2.5% PD-2 solution, respectively as adjuncts to those used in the group Ⅲ . The specimens of blood and small intestine of rats of all groups were collected 60-120 minutes after modeling and resuscitation. The activity of plasma diamine oxidase (DAO) was determined with chromatometry, the level of plasma D-lactic acid (D-LA) with spectorophotometry and the level of plasma lipopolysaccharide (LPS) with nephelometry. The histopathological and ultrastructure changes of small intestine tissue of rats were observed under light microscope and electronic microscope. Results There were remarkable differences in activity of DAO, and the levels of D-LA and IPS in rats between those ingroup Ⅱ and group I (P <0.01), and between those in group V and groups Ⅱ , Ⅲ or Ⅳ (P <0.05 or P < 0.01) The pathomorphology and ultra-structure of small intestine tissues were severely damaged in group Ⅱ compared with those in group Ⅰ , and those markedly lessened in group V compared with groups Ⅱ , Ⅲ and Ⅳ . Conclusions Intraperitoneal fluid resuscitation with PD-2 solution can significantly protect the integrity of intestinal mucosa and the normal permeability of intestinal wall, and blunts the histopathological changes, and restrains bacterial translocation from gut and reduces the level of plasma endotoxin.

11.
Chinese Medical Equipment Journal ; (6)2003.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-592869

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the value of MR 3D FIESTA technology in spinal malformation. Materials and Methods 70 patients with spinal malformation and GE 1.5T superconducting MR machine got involved in. The scanning sequences included FSET2WI scanning at 2D axial position, coronal position and sagital positon, and FIESTA scanning at 3D coronal position and sagital position. Results FIESTA scanning could be used in the achievement of multi-slice and multi-angle coronal, sagital and axial images. Conclusion 3D MR FIESTA can be applied to rapid, multi-angle, multi-slice and continuous display of the spinal cord.

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