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1.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 168-176, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-962638

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo perform a predictive analysis of the quality marker(Q-Marker) for the anticoagulant activity of Kunning granules. MethodThe chemical components of Kunning granules were analyzed by ultra high performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole-time of flight tandem mass spectrometry(UHPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS) on a Waters ACQUITY UPLC HSS T3 column(2.1 mm×100 mm, 1.8 μm) with the mobile phase of acetonitrile(A)-25 mmol∙L-1 ammonium acetate aqueous solution(B) for gradient elution (0-5 min, 5%-22%A; 5-10 min, 22%-30%A; 10-15 min, 30%-95%A; 15-20 min, 95%-5%A; 20-30 min, 5%A), flow rate of 0.2 mL∙min-1, column temperature at 30 ℃, injection volume of 1 μL, electrospray ionization(ESI), positive and negative ion detection modes. Interaction analysis between the targets of chemical components and the targets of abnormal uterine bleeding(AUB) was performed by network pharmacology, and the key components were screened through network topology analysis. The fingerprints of 10 batches of Kunning granules were established by high performance liquid chromatography(HPLC), the anticoagulant activity of the granules was determined by blood coagulation method and fibrinogen plate method, and the spectrum-effective relationship was established. The components co-occurring in the topological analysis and spectrum-effective relationship were selected as Q-Markers, and their anticoagulant activities were verified and confirmed. ResultA total of 475 chemical components were identified from Kunning Granule, of which 22 key components such as salvianolic acid B, paeoniflorin, naringin and neohesperidin, were the potential material basis for the treatment of AUB. The spectrum-effective analysis showed that peaks 7(paeoniflorin), 9(naringin), 10(neohesperidin) and 11(salvianolic acid B) were the optimal principal components, and in vitro activity test showed that these four components could better characterize their anticoagulant activity. ConclusionSalvianolic acid B, paeoniflorin, neohesperidin and naringin may be Q-Markers for the anticoagulant activity of Kunning granules.

2.
Cancer Research on Prevention and Treatment ; (12): 1041-1045, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988493

ABSTRACT

Neck radiotherapy is an important means to prevent and treat cervical lymph node metastasis of nasopharyngeal carcinoma. Studies have found that radiation can directly or indirectly damage blood vessels, accelerate the process of atherosclerosis, and then cause carotid artery stenosis, increasing the risk of transient cerebral ischemia and stroke after radiotherapy. At present, we often apply color doppler ultrasound to detect the changes of carotid artery and actively prevent and reduce risk factors to decrease the occurrence of carotid artery stenosis. Carotid artery stenosis can be treated with early drug intervention and surgery. This article reviews the current research status of carotid artery injury caused by radiotherapy.

3.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 229-232, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883863

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the cardiac presentations and the possible influencing factors of severe and critical coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).Methods:A retrospective study was conducted. Patients with severe and critical COVID-19 admitted to the Eighth People's Hospital of Guangzhou from January 21st to February 24th 2020 were enrolled. According to the clinical classification, the patients were divided into severe group and critical group. The myocardial injury markers, such as lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), creatine kinase (CK), cardiac troponin I (cTnI), myoglobin (MYO), MB isoenzyme of creatine kinase (CK-MB), B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) and electrocardiogram (ECG) changes were compared between the two groups.Results:A total of 55 COVID-19 patients were selected, including 15 critical cases and 40 severe cases. The patients with severe and critical COVID-19 were male-dominated (61.8%), the average age was (61.2±13.0) years old, 83.6% (46 cases) of them had contact history of Hubei, 38.2% (21 cases) of them were complicated with hypertension. There was no significant difference in baseline data between the critical group and the severe group. Myocardial injury markers of critical and severe COVID-19 patients were increased in different proportion, LDH increased in most patients (20 severe cases and 7 critical cases), followed by AST (16 severe cases and 5 critical cases). There was significant difference in the number of patients with elevated CK between severe group and critical group (cases: 1 vs. 4, P = 0.027). Abnormal ECG was found in 39 of 42 patients with ECG examination. Nonspecific change of T wave was the most common. Before and after treatment, 9 of 15 patients with changes of ECG and myocardial injury markers had oxygenation index less than 100 mmHg (1 mmHg = 0.133 kPa), and the prominent changes of ECG were heart rate increasing and ST-T change. Conclusions:The increase of myocardial injury markers and abnormal ECG were not specific to the myocardial injury of severe and critical COVID-19 patients. At the same time, the dynamic changes of myocardial injury markers and ECG could reflect the situation of myocardial damage.

4.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 605-609, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870179

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy and safety of lopinavir/ritonavir (LPV/r) and arbidol in treating patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in the real world.Methods:The clinical data of 178 patients diagnosed with COVID-19 admitted to Guangzhou Eighth People′s Hospital from January 20 to February 10, 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. According to patient′s antiviral treatment regimens, 178 patients were divided into 4 groups including LPV/r group (59 patients), arbidol group (36 patients), LPV/r plus arbidol combination group (25 patients) and the supportive care group without any antiviral treatment (58 patients). The primary end point was the negative conversion time of nucleic acid of 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) by pharyngeal swab.Results:The baseline parameters of 4 groups before treatment was comparable. The negative conversion time of viral nucleic acid was (10.20±3.49), (10.11±4.68), (10.86±4.74), (8.44±3.51) days in LPV/r group, arbidol group, combination group, and supportive care group respectively ( F=2.556, P=0.058). There was also no significant difference in negative conversion rate of 2019-nCoV nucleic acid, the improvement of clinical symptoms, and the improvement of pulmonary infections by CT scan ( P>0.05). However, a statistically significant difference was found in the changing rates from mild/moderate to severe/critical type at day 7 (χ 2=9.311, P=0.017), which were 24%(6/25) in combination group, 16.7%(6/36) in arbidol group, 5.4%(3/56) in LPV/r group and 5.2%(3/58) in supportive care group. Moreover, the incidence of adverse reactions in three antiviral groups was significantly higher than that in supportive care group (χ 2=14.875, P=0.002). Conclusions:Antiviral treatment including LPV/r or arbidol or combination does not shorten the negative conversion time of 2019-nCoV nucleic acid nor improve clinical symptoms. Moreover, these antiviral drugs cause more adverse reactions which should be paid careful attention during the treatment.

5.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2700-2704, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-837638

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the efficacy and safety of elbasvir/grazoprevir in patients with genotype 1 hepatitis C in the real world. MethodsA total of 35 patients with hepatitis C who received elbasvir/grazoprevir treatment in Guangzhou Eighth People’s Hospital, Guangdong Provincial Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, and Guangdong General Hospital from August 2018 to March 2019 were enrolled, treated for 12 weeks, and then followed up for 12 weeks after drug withdrawal. The patients were observed in terms of sustained virologic response at week 12 after drug withdrawal (SVR12), biochemical response, and incidence rate of adverse events during treatment and follow-up. The Kruskal-Wallis H test was used for comparison of non-normally distributed continuous data between groups, and the Mann-Whitney U test was used for further comparison between two groups; the chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical data between groups. A logistic regression analysis was used to investigate the risk factors for virologic response in patients with hepatitis C. ResultsAmong the 35 patients with HCV infection, 97.1% (34/35) had genotype 1b HCV and 2.9% (1/35) had genotype 1a HCV; of all patients, 28 (80%) were non-cirrhotic patients with chronic hepatitis C and 7 (20%) had compensated liver cirrhosis. At the end of treatment, the virologic response rate of 100% (28/28) and SVR12 was 94.74% (18/19). In addition, age, sex, baseline HCV RNA load, previous treatment history, presence or absence of liver cirrhosis, renal function, and presence or absence of other diseases did not affect the treatment outcome (all P>0.05). There were significant changes in the levels of alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase, and albumin from baseline to the end of 12-week treatment (Z=-7.131, -6.797, -3.060, and -2.875, all P<0.05). No patient experienced drug withdrawal during treatment. ConclusionThis study confirms that elbasvir/grazoprevir has good efficacy and safety in the treatment of hepatitis C in domestic real-world studies.

6.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 519-525, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881930

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of aquaporin 4(AQP4) in regulating the permeability of blood-brain barrier(BBB) induced by subacute 1,2-dichloroethane(1,2-DCE) inhalation. METHODS: Specific pathogen free healthy CD-1 male Aqp4 genetically engineered mice(Aqp4~(+/+)and Aqp4~(-/-)) were randomly divided into control and low-, medium-and high-dose groups. The mice were exposed to 1,2-DCE at the dosages of 0.00, 100.00, 350.00 and 700.00 mg/m~3 for 6 hours per day for consecutive 28 days by systemic dynamic inhalation. After the end of 1,2-DCE exposure, the BBB permeability was evaluated by Evans blue staining. Real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction method was used to detect the mRNA expression of genes related to BBB tight junction protein(Tjp)1, Tjp2, Tjp3, claudin(Cldn)3, Cldn5, Cldn11, occludin(Ocln), matrix metalloproteinase(Mmp)2, Mmp9 and Na-K-Cl cotransporter-1(Nkcc1). RESULTS: The BBB permeability in mice showed significant change with 1,2-DCE dose and Aqp4 genotype(P<0.01). The BBB permeability of Aqp4~(+/+) genotype mice was higher in low-, medium-and high-dose groups than that of control group(all P values were <0.05). The permeability of BBB was lower in Aqp4~(+/+) genotype mice in the control group than that of Aqp4~(-/-) genotype mice in the same group(P<0.05), but BBB permeability was higher in Aqp4~(+/+) genotype mice in the three dose groups than that of Aqp4~(-/-) genotype mice in the same group(all P values were <0.05). The Cldn3 and Olcn mRNA relative expression in the brain cortex had statistical difference in mice with different genotype(all P values were <0.01). The mRNA relative expressions of Cldn3 and Olcn in the brain cortex were higher in Aqp4~(-/-) genotype mice than that of Aqp4~(+/+) genotype mice(all P values were <0.01). The relative mRNA expression levels of Tjp1, Tjp2, Tjp3, Cldn5, Cldn11, Mmp2, Mmp9 and Nkcc1 in the cerebral cortex of mice were not statistically significant in aspect of 1,2-DCE exposure dose and genotype(all P values were >0.05). CONCLUSION: Exposure to 1,2-DCE can increase BBB permeability in mice, and the mechanism may be associated with 1,2-DCE-induced down-regulation of Aqp4 and up-regulation of mRNA expression of the cerebral cortex TJP-related molecules Cldn3 and Ocln.

7.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 402-409, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881912

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To obtain information on the toxicity of lufenuron on the reproduction ability and the growth and development of offspring in female and male rats through two-generation reproduction toxicity study. METHODS: The specific pathogen free healthy SD rats were randomly divided into control group and low-, medium-and high-dose lufenuron groups, with 60 rats in each group, half females and half males. Rats in the low-, medium-and high-dose lufenuron groups were respectively fed with lufenuron at the dose of 5.0, 20.0 and 80.0 mg/(kg body weight·day) for 8 weeks before mating. The control group was fed with standard foot. The reproductive index, brain and reproductive organ coefficients and pathological changes were observed in P and F1 parents. The birth and growth indexes of the offspring were measured. RESULTS: i) P generation: from the 14 th day, the female rats in the medium-dose group had lower body weight than that of the female control group(P<0.05); from the 35 th day, the body weight was lower than that of the female low-dose group(P<0.05). From the 14 th day, the female rats in the high-dose group had lower body weight than that of the other three female groups(P<0.05). From the 14 th day, the male rats in the medium-and high-dose groups had lower body weight than that of the male control group and low-dose group(P<0.05). The body weight of pregnant rats in the parental high-dose group was lower than that of the control group, low-dose group, and medium-dose group at day 0, 7, 14, 19 of the pregnancy duration(P<0.05). The body weight of pregnant rats in the parental medium-dose group was lower than that of the low-dose group on day 0 of the pregnancy duration, and lower than that of the control and low-dose groups on day 7 and 14(P<0.05). The conception rate, the new-borne survival rates and the feeding survival rate of female rats in the high-dose group was lower than that of the other three female groups(P<0.008). The new-borne feeding survival rate of female rats in the medium-dose group was lower than that of the control group and low-dose group(P<0.008). The organ coefficients of brain in female rats in the medium-and high-dose groups were higher than that of the female control group and low-dose group(P<0.05). The organ coefficients of brain and testis in male rats in the medium-and high-dose groups were higher than that of the control group and low-dose group(P<0.05). The organ coefficient of epididymis in male rats in the high dose group was lower than that of the other three male groups(P<0.05). ii) F1 generation: the body weight of female rats in the low-and medium-dose group was higher than that of the female control group on the 42 th day(P<0.05). The body weight of male rats in the low-dose group was higher than that of the male control group on the 42 th, 49 th, and 56 th days(P<0.05). The body weight of male rats in the medium-dose group was higher than that of the male control group on the 14 th, 21 th, 42 th, 49 th, and 56 th days(P<0.05). The new-borne survival rate in the low-dose group was lower than that of the control group(P<0.017). The body weight of new-borne rats in the high-dose group on day 4 of birth was lower than that in the other three female groups(P<0.05). iii) F2 generation: the body weight of male rats in the male medium-dose group was lower than that in the control group on day 21 of birth(P<0.05). CONCLUSION: The reproductive and developmental toxicity of lufenuron is found in rats in the medium-and high-dose groups. Toxicities including low body weight, conception rate, new-borne survival rate and feeding survival rate are found in P generation; low body weight and feeding survival rate are found in F1 generation; low body weight is found in male F2 generation. The no-observed-adverse-effects levels of lufenuron in two-generation reproductive study are 5.87 mg/(kg·d) for females and 5.09 mg/(kg·d) for males in SD rats.

8.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 385-389, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881909

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To observe the pathological changes of rat silicosis model at different time points. METHODS: The specific pathogen free SD rats were randomly divided into control group and 7, 15, 21, 30, 45, 60, 75 and 90 day model groups based on their body weight, with 5 rats in each group. Non-exposed endotracheal intubation was performed. Silicosis rat model was established by intratracheal instillation of 250 g/L silica suspension in each rat, and 0.9% sodium chloride solution was perfused into the trachea of rats in the control group. The rats in the control group were sacrificed on the 90 th day after exposure, and the model rats in the other 8 groups were sacrificed on the 7 th, 15 th, 21 st, 30 th, 45 th, 60 th, 75 th and 90 th days after the end of exposure. The gross appearance of the lung tissue of rats was observed. The rat lung tissues were stained with hematoxylin-eosin and Masson staining to observe the pathological changes, and Ashcroft score was evaluated. RESULTS: The gross observation showed that the lungs of rats in the model groups had varying degree of gray changes, hardened texture, and spots and nodules on the surface of the lobes. These changes were aggravated with the increase of time after dust exposure. The results of histopathological examination of the lungs showed that the rats developed acute alveolar inflammation, and a large number of macrophages and neutrophils were seen in the lung tissues in the 7 th and 15 th day model groups. Cellular nodules appeared in the lung tissue, and fibrosis appeared in the center of the nodule in the rats of 21 st, 30 th, and the 45 th day model groups; the silicosis nodules appeared in the lung tissues of rats in the 60 th, 75 th, and 90 th day model groups, and the small nodules gradually merged into larger ones. Simultaneously, with the increase of time after dust exposure, the lung tissue of rats gradually showed severe pulmonary fibrosis. The lung organ coefficient and Aschcroft score of rats increased with the increase of time after dust exposure(P<0.01). CONCLUSION: The rat lung changes after dust exposure. Acute alveolar inflammation occurs on the 7 th to 15 th day after dust exposure; cellular nodules develop on the 21 st to 45 th day after dust exposure; silicosis nodules develop on the 60 th to 90 th day after dust exposure. The severity of lung fibrosis after dust exposure showed a time-effect relationship in rats.

9.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 163-166, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881771

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of 1,2-dichloroethane(1,2-DCE) acute inhalation exposure on the differential gene expression of phase Ⅰ metabolic enzymes. METHODS: The specific pathogen free SD rats were randomly divided into control group(16 rats), low-and high-dose groups(24 rats in each group, half males and half females). Low-and high-dose group were given daily 600, 1 800 mg/m~(3 ) of 1,2-DCE, and the control group given the fresh air by dynamic inhalation for 8 hours per day for consecutive 7 days. After the end of exposure, the relative mRNA expression of cytochrome P450 2 E1(CYP2 E1), alcohol dehydrogenase(ADH1) and acetaldehyde dehydrogenase 3 alpha 1(ALDH3α1) in the liver tissue was detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction. RESULTS: The relative expression of CYP2 E1 in male high-dose group was higher than that in male low-dose group and female high-dose group(P<0.05). The relative expression of ADH1 in male low-and high-dose groups was higher than that in male control group(P<0.05). The relative expression of ADH1 in male high-dose group was higher than that in male low-dose group and female high-dose group(P<0.05). The relative expression of ALDH3α1 in high-dose group was higher than that in control group and low-dose group(P<0.05). CONCLUSION: High dose 1,2-DCE could increase the gene expression of phase Ⅰ metabolic enzymes in rat liver. The 1,2-DCE has more obvious effect in male rats than in female rats.

10.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 152-156, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881769

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of 1,2-dichloroethane(1,2-DCE) subacute exposure on depression in rats as well as the relevant mechanism of monoamine neurotransmitters. METHODS: The specific pathogen free male SD rats were randomly divided into control group, low-, medium-, and high-dose groups, with 10 rats in each group. The rats in these 4 groups were intra-gastrically administered with 1,2-DCE(diluted in corn oil) at the dose of 0, 20, 40, 80 mg/kg body weight, every other day for 14 times. After exposure, the behavior change of rats was observed by open-field test, sucrose preference test and forced swim test. The levels of the monoamine neurotransmitters including 5-hydroxytryptamine(5-HT), noradrenaline(NA) and dopamine(DA) in prefrontal cortex, hippocampus, and striatum of rats were analyzed by high performance liquid chromatography-electrochemical detection method. RESULTS: The number of rearing, time and distance of central area, sucrose preference index of mice in medium and high dose groups were decreased(P<0.05), while immobility time of forced swim test was increased(P<0.05) when compared with the mice in control group. The levels of 5-HT, NA and DA in prefrontal cortex, hippocampus, and striatum decreased with the increase of 1,2-DCE exposure(P<0.05), showing a dose-effect relationship. The levels of 5-HT, NA and DA in prefrontal cortex, hippocampus, and striatum in the high-dose group were lower than that of control group(P<0.05). CONCLUSION: The subacute exposure of 1,2-DCE can induce depression-like behavior in rats. The mechanism might be related to the reduction of monoamine neurotransmitters in striatum, hippocampus and prefrontal cortex.

11.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 443-450, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881719

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To explore the chronic toxicity and carcinogenicity of paclobutrazol in SD rats. METHODS: Specific pathogen free SD rats at the age of weaning were randomly divided into control group and low-,medium-,and high-dose groups according the body weight,with 120 rats in each group,half male and half female. The study of combined chronic toxicity and carcinogenicity test in rats was carried out in 2 years by feeding the rats with paclobutrazol. The doses in the 4 groups were 0. 0,11. 7,48. 5 and 193. 9 mg·kg~(-1)·d~(-1) for female rats and 0. 0,13. 5,54. 2 and 241. 9 mg·kg~(-1)·d~(-1) for male rats. The body weight of rats was weighted during the experiment. The blood routine,blood biochemistry,organ coefficient and histopathology examinations were performed at the end of paclobutrazol exposure. The mortality and tumor incidence in rats were calculated. RESULTS: The decrease of body weights in female and male rats in dose groups was observed at 1-2 weeks after the experiment,compared with the same sex control group at the same time point( P < 0. 05).At the end of the exposure,the body weights of female and male rats in all three dose groups were lower than that in the same sex rats of control group( P < 0. 05). The mortality rates of female and male rats in the four groups were not significantly different( P > 0. 05). The brain organ coefficients of female rats in the three dose groups were higher than those female rats in the control group( P < 0. 05). The organ coefficients of liver,kidney and ovary of female rats in highdose group were higher than that of female rats in control group( P < 0. 05). The level of total bilirubin in male rats in the three dose groups was lower than that in control group( P < 0. 05). The organ coefficients of brain and lung in male rats in the medium-and high-dose groups were higher than that in the control group( P < 0. 05). The liver organ coefficient in male rats in the high-dose group was higher than that in the control group( P < 0. 05). A total of 244 rats had 402 spontaneous tumors with a tumor incidence rate of 50. 8%(244/480). The incidence of tumor in control,low-,mediumand high-dose groups were 61. 7%( 74/120), 42. 5%( 51/120), 50. 0%( 60/120) and 49. 2%( 59/120)respectively. There was no statistical significance in the incidence of tumors in three dose groups compared with that of the control group. CONCLUSION: Under the dose conditions designed in this study,the lowest observed adverse effect level of paclobutrazol were 11. 7 and 13. 5 mg · kg~(-1)· d~(-1) in females and males respectively. Paclobutrazol was not found carcinogenic to SD rats.

12.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 424-429, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881716

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To explore the effects of sub-acute inhalation of 1-bromopropane( 1-BP) on the ultrastructure of cerebral cortex,hippocampus,cerebellum,and brainstem in male rats. METHODS: Specific pathogen free healthy male Wistar rats were randomly divided into control group and exposure group with 6 rats in each group. The rats of exposure group received 1-BP vapor at a concentration of 5 000 mg/m3. The rats in the control group were given fresh air in a dynamic inhalation chamber system for 4 weeks(6 hours/day,5 days/week). After the end of the exposure,the cerebral cortex,hippocampus,cerebellum and brainstem of rats were collected and the ultrastructural changes were observed under transmission electron microscope( TEM). RESULTS: After 3 weeks of exposure to 1-BP,the rats in the exposure group began to have unresponsiveness and decreased muscle strength in hind limbs. The body weight of exposure group was lower than that of control group from the 1 st to the 4 th week( P < 0. 05). TEM results showed destroyed structure of the myelin sheath in the region of cerebral cortex, hippocampus, cerebellum and brainstem, and irregular nucleus, vacuolar degeneration,increased lysosome of endoplasmic reticulum,mitochondrion swelling of neuron cells,karyopyknosis of astrocytes and vacuolation in the neurite of astrocytes located in the blood brain barrier( BBB). CONCLUSION: 1-BP sub-acute inhalation exposure could damage the myelin,neuron,astrocyte and BBB in male rats. The demyelination of nerve fiber and decreased permeability of BBB was particularly noticeable.

13.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 279-284, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881692

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To predict the sensitizing potency and optimal sensitization dose of trichloroethylene( TCE) by an in vitro skin sensitization test on a human acute monocytosis cell line( THP-1).METHODS: THP-1 cells were cultured in vitro and exposed to 2,4-dinitrochlorobenzene( DNCB),sodium dodecyl sulfate( SDS),tert-butylhydroquinone( tBHQ)and TCE for 24 hours.Flow cytometry was used to detect the expression of cell surface marker such as cluster of differentiation( CD) 86 and CD54,and the optimal dose range for sensitization detection was determined.With the relative fluorescence intensity( RFI),CD86 ≥ 150 and CD54 ≥ 200 as the standard,the sensitizing potency and optimal sensitization dose of TCE were predicted.RESULTS: The concentration range of reagents for sensitization test on THP-1 cells was the dose range at which the relative cell survival rate reached 75.0%-100.0%.DNCB at the doses of 20.83,25.00 and 30.00 μmol/L,tBHQ at the dose of 5.80 μmol/L,TCE at the doses of 8.33,10.00 and 12.00 mmol/L,can cause sensitivity.SDS was recognized as a negative sensitizer.The expression of CD86 and CD54 was the highest when the concentration of TCE was 8.33 mmol/L,which was considered as the best sensitization dose.CONCLUSION: The optimum sensitization dose of TCE is 8.33 mmol/L,which can provide the basis for dose design in future study of TCE sensitization pathways.

14.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 51-54, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881662

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of different anesthetics and blood sampling methods on blood routine test results in experimental animals. METHODS: A total of 42 specific pathogen free( SPF) male Sprague Dawley( SD) rats and 59 SPF male Kunming( KM) mice were randomly divided into 4 groups( control group,ether group,chloral hydrate group and pentobarbital sodium group). Ether group animals were treated with ether inhalation anesthesia; animals in chloral hydrate group and pentobarbital sodium group were injected intraperitoneally with chloral hydrate or pentobarbital sodium. The control group received no anesthesia treatment. Blood samples were collected by different ways: orbital venous plexus,abdominal aorta or eyeball enucleation. White blood cell( WBC) count,red blood cell( RBC) count,platelet(PLT) count,hemoglobin(Hb) level and hematocrit(HCT) in blood samples were analyzed. RESULTS: The RBC count,Hb level and HCT of SD rats in pentobarbital sodium group were significantly lower than those in control group( P <0. 05). The HCT of SD rats in ether group was lower than that in control group( P < 0. 05). The WBC count of orbital venous plexus of KM mice was lower than that taken by eyeball enucleation in control group( P < 0. 05),but the WBC count of orbital venous plexus was higher than that taken by eyeball enucleation in chloral hydrate group( P < 0. 05). The RBC count,Hb level,HCT of KM mice in pentobarbital sodium group were significantly lower than those in control group(P < 0. 05). CONCLUSION: The anesthetic can affect the blood routine test results of experimental animals. Different blood sampling methods have effects on blood routine test results of KM mice.

15.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 1-6, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881653

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of subacute systemic inhalation exposure of 1,2-dichloroethane(1,2-DCE) on learning and memory in NIH mice. METHODS: Forty-five specific pathogen free healthy 7-week-old NIH mice were randomly divided into control,low-dose and high-dose groups with 5 female mice and 10 male mice in each group. The mice were exposed to 1,2-DCE at dosages of 0. 00,100. 00 and 350. 00 mg/m3 for 6 hours per day for consecutive 28 days by dynamic systemic inhalation. The neurobehavioral tests of mice were performed before and after the first to fourth weeks of exposure using the Morris water maze test. RESULTS: There was no significant difference in body weight and swimming speed among the three groups of mice( P > 0. 05). The navigation experiment results showed that the escape latency of mice in both low-and high-dose groups were longer than that of the control group at the same time point(P < 0. 05) during 1-4 weeks after exposure. In the control group,the escape latency was shorter than that of the same group before exposure( P < 0. 05). The escape latency of high-dose group prolonged with the increase of exposure time,and in the 4 th week the escape latency was significantly higher than that of the same group before exposure( P < 0. 05).The experiment results of space exploration indicated that the first time of crossing platform in low-and high-dose groups were longer than that of the control group at the second to the fourth week( P < 0. 05). The target quadrant retention time and the number of crossing the platform in the low-and high-dose groups were lower than those in the control group( P <0. 05). CONCLUSION: Subacute inhalation exposure of 1,2-DCE can impair the learning and memory ability of NIH mice.The high-dose exposure may reduce learning ability in mice in a time-effect manner.

16.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 827-833, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-809563

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the effect of antiviral therapy on the progression of liver cirrhosis and related predictive factors through a retrospective analysis of patients with compensated hepatitis C cirrhosis.@*Methods@#The patients with compensated hepatitis C cirrhosis who were treated in our hospital from 2004 to 2015 were divided into sustained virologic response (SVR) group, non-SVR (NSVR) group, and untreated group. The baseline features of patients with or without liver cirrhosis were compared to identify the predictive factors for the progression of liver cirrhosis. The changes in platelet count, spleen sizes, Model for End-Stage Liver Disease (MELD) score, Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) score, and Child-Turotte-Pugh (CTP) score were analyzed, and the incidence rate of liver cancer was compared between groups. A one-way analysis of variance, the Kruskal-wallis H test, the two-independent-sample t test, the chi-square test, and a multivariate logistic regression analysis were used for data analysis based on data type.@*Results@#A total of 89 patients with compensated liver cirrhosis were enrolled, among whom 42 received the antiviral treatment with interferon and ribavirin (30 were treated with pegylated interferon-α and 12 were treated with ordinary interferon) and 47 did not receive any antiviral therapy. Among the patients who received the antiviral treatment with interferon and ribavirin, 20 achieved SVR and 22 did not achieve SVR. Compared with baseline values, platelet count in the SVR group and the NSVR group was increased by (44.93 ± 32.66)×109/L and (9.73 ± 28.83)×109/L, respectively, and platelet count in the untreated group was reduced by (19.76 ± 54.5)×109/L; the three groups had a significant change in platelet count (F = 14.731, P < 0.001). Spleen size was reduced by 0.91 ± 1.09 cm in the SVR group and increased by 0.20±0.84 cm and 1.11 ± 1.69 cm in the NSVR group and the untreated group, respectively; the three groups had a significant change in spleen size (F = 14.943, P < 0.001). The three groups had no significant changes in MELD, SOFA, and CTP scores (P > 0.05). One patient (5.00%) in the SVR group, 5 (22.73%) in the NSVR group, and 6 (12.77%) in the untreated group progressed to liver cancer (χ 2 = 13.787, P = 0.001). The univariate analysis showed that SVR, HCV RNA, total bilirubin, and albumin were predictive factors for disease progression, and the multiple logistic regression analysis demonstrated that SVR and total bilirubin were predictive factors for disease progression.@*Conclusion@#Interferon combined with ribavirin has a marked clinical effect in the treatment of compensated hepatitis C cirrhosis with good short- and long-term efficacy.

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Chinese Journal of Experimental and Clinical Virology ; (6): 549-553, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-808831

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To clarify the predictive power of PBMCs miR-122, as well as other clinical factors, for response to IFNα therapy in chronic HCV infected patients.@*Methods@#A total of 40 patients chronically infected with HCV genotype 1b were enrolled. All the patients received pegylated interferon alpha (PEG-IFN α) in combination with ribavirin for 48 weeks. To perform the analyses, the patients were compared in terms of achieving sustained virological response (SVR) or not (NSVR) at 24th week after antiviral treatment.@*Results@#SVR rate was 72.5% (29/40) and NSVR rate was 27.5% (11/40). SVR group experienced significantly lower HCV viral load, total bilirubin (TBIL), alpha fetal protein (AFP), fibroscan and laminin (LN) compared with NSVR group before treatment (P<0.05). PBMCs miR-122 expression level was also lower in SVR group than that in SNVR group, although the difference was not statistically significant (P>0.05). and there was no significant change of miR-122 level from baseline to the last available measurement between SVR group and NSVR group. However, no significant association was found between baseline PBMCs miR-122 and HCV viral load, body mass index (BMI), alanine transaminase (ALT), aspartate transaminase (AST), degree of liver fibrosis, respectively.@*Conclusions@#Our result suggest that PBMCs miR-122 level is not an efficient biomarker to predict response to IFN alpha therapy in chronic HCV patients. However, baseline HCV viral load, TBIL, AFP and fibroscan may serve as predictive factors.

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China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 266-269, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881605

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OBJECTIVE: To explore the spontaneous non-tumor lesion of kidney and its correlation with different age and sex in SD rats. METHODS: Eight hundred specific pathogen free SD rats were collected from the blank control groups used in subacute toxicity tests,subchronic toxicity tests and 1 or 2 years of chronic toxicity combined with carcinogenic tests. Rats were randomly divided into 4 groups with 10,19,56 or 108 weeks of experimental periods. Each group consisted of 100 female and 100 male rats. The renal tissues were collected at the end of each experiment,and the renal organ coefficients were calculated. The pathological non-tumor changes of the kidneys were analyzed. RESULTS: The renal organ coefficients in female rats at the age of 56 and 108 weeks were both lower than that of 10 and 19 weeks( P < 0. 008). The renal organ coefficient of male rats at the age of 56 weeks was lower than that of 10 and 19 weeks( P < 0. 008). The renal organ coefficient of male rats at the age of 108 weeks was higher than that of 56 weeks( P < 0. 008). The renal organ coefficient of male rats at the age of 108 weeks was higher than that of female rats of 108 weeks( P < 0. 008). The incidence of renal tubular calcium salt deposition,interstitial inflammatory cell infiltration and renal tubular dilatation in the female rats at the age of 108 weeks were higher than those in the male rats at the age of 108 weeks( P < 0. 05). The chronic progressive nephropathy incidence of female rats at the age of 108 weeks was lower than that of male rats aged 108 weeks( P < 0. 01).The renal tubular calcium salt deposition incidence of female rats aged 56 weeks was higher than that of male rats aged 56weeks( P < 0. 01). CONCLUSION: The spontaneous non-tumor lesions in the kidney of SD rats were common. The incidence of some lesions was different in the same age group with different sex.

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China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 159-163, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881591

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To explore the non-neoplastic hepatic lesions in SD rats at different ages. METHODS: The specificpathogen free SD rats were collected from the blank control groups used in subacute toxicity tests,subchronic toxicity tests and chronic toxicity combined with carcinogenic tests for safety evaluation. At the end of each experiment,i. e. week 10,19,56 and 108(assigned into four groups: 10,19,56 and 108 weeks,each contained 100 rats with each sex),rats were executed. The liver organ coefficient was calculated,the pathological examination was performed,and the non-tumorous lesions in the liver were analyzed. RESULTS: The liver organ coefficients at the age of 19,56,108 weeks were lower than that of 10 weeks(P < 0. 05); those at the age of 56 and 108 weeks were lower than that of 19 weeks(P < 0. 05),and that of 108 weeks was greater than of 56 weeks(P < 0. 05). Among the 10-week-old,19-week-old,56-week-old and 108-week-old groups,the types of non-neoplastic hepatic lesions detected in the female rats were 6,6,13 and 15 respectively,meanwhile those in the male rats were 6,6,13 and 15 respectively. Both male and female rats,the incidences of hepatocyte fatty degeneration,edema and hepatic infiltration of inflammatory cells were significantly increased with the increase of age in each group(P < 0. 05). The incidences of intrahepatic bile duct proliferation and intrahepatic bile duct fibrosis in rats at the age of 56 and 108 weeks were higher than those at the age of 10 and 19 weeks(P < 0. 008).Moreover,the frequency of hepatic sinus expansion lesions in rats at the age of 108 weeks was higher than those of 19 weeks(P < 0. 008). CONCLUSION: Spontaneous non-neoplastic lesions in the liver of SD rats were common,primarily demonstrated as hepatocyte fatty degeneration,edema and infiltration of inflammatory cells. The incidences of lesions increased with the increase of age.

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Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 1235-1237, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-733316

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Objective To validate the efficacy of Pediatric Early Warning Score (PEWS) in severity evaluation of respiratory inpatients.Methods Four hundred and thirteen children with respiratory disease were hospitalized in Pneumology Department of Guangzhou Women and Children's Medical Centre from October 2012 to October 2013,of which 36 cases required Intensive Care Unit (ICU) treatment while the rest 377 controls did not.According to the disease severity,cases and controls were further categorized into 3 groups:no-monitor-required group (n =302,controls),monitor-required group (n =75,controls),ICU group (n =36).PEWS was assessed at admission in controls and 12 hours before ICU transfer,respectively.PEWS were compared among all groups and receiver operator characteristic curve(ROC) was performed.Results The median [interquartile rang(IQR)] age in ICU group was 10 months(4-13 months),monitor-required group was 10 months (6-16 months),and no-monitor-required group was 14months(6-24 months),and the difference was significant (H =13.59,P < 0.01).The median (IQR) of PEWS in ICU group was 6 scores (6-7 scores),monitor-required groups was 5 scores (4-5 scores),on-monitor-required group was 2 scores (1-2 scores),and the difference was significant (x2 =255.641,P < 0.01).PEWS in monitor required group and ICU group was 3.5 score with area under ROC (AUC) as 0.898 (95% CI:0.867-0.929,sensitivity0.907,specificity 0.893) and 4.5 with AUC as 0.978 (95% CI:0.964-0.992,sensitivity 1.000,specificity 0.862),respectively.Conclusions PEWS can be indicative for severity classification in hospitalized respiratory pediatric patients,and can serve as a potentially excellent screening tool for prediction of ICU admission.

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