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Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 109-112, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924376


@#Objective To explore the change of sexual life quality and its influencing factors of premenopausal breast cancer patients.Methods 94 premenopausal breast cancer patients were included. Changes in Sexual Functioning Questionnaire short-form (CSFQ-14) was used and part of its items was changed. Their sexual life was evaluated before and after treatment by using depth interview and anonymous methods. Results 94 cases received face-to-face communication and study. 88 (93.6%) questionnaires were received, in which 81 (92.1%) questionnaires were effective. Their sexual life quality and sexual satisfaction significantly decreased and there was significant difference in the CSFQ-14 score (P<0.001) before and after treatment. The ratio of bad, worse, and worst sexual life were 39.5%, 29.6%, and 14.8% respectively after treatment. 65.4% of the patients had no sexual activity. The reasons included medical related factors, fear of cancer metastasis and recurrence, physical discomfort, poorer body image, partner sexual attitudes changed, life stress, common psychological problems, traditional ideas and so on. Conclusion Sexual dysfunction was obvious and sexual life quality significantly decreased in premenopausal breast cancer patients after treatment. Patients' physical and mental damage, the change of body image and spouse's attitude are significant influencing factors. It is necessary to give sexual rehabilitation guidance to patients and their spouses.

Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 100-103, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-432389


Objective To study the anatomic characteristics of Zuckerkandl's tubercle (ZT) and its clinical relevance as an anatomic landmark of the recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) in thyroid surgery.Methods This study involved 147 (106 with benign thyroid diseases and 41 with malignancies) patients who underwent thyroidectomy.ZT was measured and classified based on the Pelizzo classification.The relationship between ZT and the RLN and the relationship between the RLN and the inferior thyroid artery were recognized and classified.Results 233 (107 left and 126 right) thyroid gland lobes were dissected and ZT was identified in most patients (left in 93.5% and right in 96.0%).The distribution of ZT according to grade was as follows:Grade 0,left 16.0% and right 13.2% ; Grade Ⅰ,left 32.0% and right 27.3% ; Grade Ⅱ,left 46.0% and right 44.6% ; Grade Ⅲ,left 6.0% and right 14.9%.There was no significant difference on classification between the left-sided and right-sided ZTs.In terms of the relationship between the ZT and the RLN,it was classified as follows:Type A,left 92.9% and right 93.3% ; Type B:left 0 and right 0; Type C:left 7.1% and right 6.7%.Similarly,there was no significant difference between the left sided and the right sided.The ZT grade was correlated with the course of the RLN:the higher the ZT grade was (that is,the greater the size of the ZT),the more often was the course of RLN behind the back of the ZT; the lower the ZT grade (that is,the smaller the size of the ZT),the more often was the course of RLN running by the lateral of the ZT.Considering the incidence of being dangerous type of RLN,the right sided (19.0%) was higher than the left sided (8.3%).The relationship between the ZT and the RLN does not relate to RLN course across the inferior thyroid artery.Conclusions As an important anatomic landmark,the ZT is essential for locating and dissecting the RLN during thyroid surgery,and its classification is a guide to RLN dissection and preservation.

International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 460-463, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-393635


Objective To evaluate the feasibility of methylene blue as a method in lymphatic mapping and the effect factors of SLNB identification rate. Methods The results of SLNB in 276 patients with clinical stage T<M,1>-T2N0M0 breast eaneer were analyzed to evaluate the effect factors of identification rate and false-neg-ative rate of SLNB. Results The identification of SLN was carried out using methylene blne . When the mapping time of SLN and lymphatic were controlled in 20~30 minutes, the SLN could be visualized easily. SLN was successfully identified in 246 of 276 patients (89.1%) ,423 SLNs were retrieved(1~4). The SLN accurately predicted the status of the axilla in 226 of 246 patients (77.3%) yielding a FNR(false negative rate)of 8.1% (20/246) ,false positive rate of0, and an accuracy of 91.9% (226/241). For the identified rate of SLN, the clinical stage of T2N0M0 disease was higher than the clinical stage of T1N0M0 disease (P=0.046,P<0.05), Upper outer quadrant and lower outer quadrant were higher than other evidently (P<0.0010). SLNs were easily retrieved in those cases aged above 50 years than below 50 years (P<0.001).In the view of false-negative rate of SLNB, the FNR rate in patients of 50 years old was less than older ones (P=0.037, P<0.05). No significant correlation was found between the stage of TMN, the expression of ER and PR, histologic status and FNR. Conclusion When SLNB was performed using methylene blue, we found age, clinical stage of TMN, the location of tumor had relationship with the identified rate of SLN. Ag-ing and location of tumor may adversely affect FNR of SLNB.

Space Medicine & Medical Engineering ; (6)2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-575885


Objective To study the effects of choline chloride on activities of myosin adenosine triphosphatase (mATPase) of muscle fibres and muscle atrophy in tail-suspended rats. Method Twenty-four adult female Sprague-dawley rats were averagely divided into 3 groups matched for body mass:control group(CON),tail suspension group(TS) and tail suspension group associated with choline chloride(TS+Cch).Weightlessness was simulated by 14 d tail suspension of rats;gastric lavage with choline chloride was given to 1/2 of the rats during tail suspension (15 mg/kg body weight.i.g.).Activities of myosin adenosine triphosphatase (mATpase) of intrafusal and extrafusal fibres in soleus (SOL) muscle were determined by Ca 2+-ATPase method.Paraffin sections of the soleus muscle were prepared by routine histochemistry method. Result After tail suspension for 14 d it was found: 1) percentage of type Ⅱ fibre in SOL of rats treated with choline chloride decreased distinctly as compared with that in the untreated rats (P

Chinese Journal of Neuroanatomy ; (6): 360-364, 2005.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-409906


The effects of hypoxia on the expression of Fos was studied in the distal cerebrospinal fluid contacting neurons (CSF-CNs) in the dorsal raphe nucleus (DR) of the rat. The hypoxic models mimic 8000 m high level were established in a high-altitude decompression chamber. Injecting the tracer of CB ( chorela toxin B subunit) into the rat's lateral ventricles, we investigated the distribution of the distal CSF-CNs in the DR. The single and double immunohistochemistry staining with antibodies to Fos and CB were used to observe the expression of Fos in the distal CSF-CNs in the DR. The results showed that a large number of CB-like immunoreactive (-LI) neurons (31.16 ±3.36/per section) were located in the DR. In hypoxic experimental rats, the number of Fos-LI neurons was increased sharply (40.28 ±2.17/per section, P <0.05 compared to control rats), and a few CB/Fos-LI neurons (2.00 ±0.39/per section) could be observed in the DR. In control rats, several Fos-LI neurons (5.55 ±0.81/per section) and no CB/Fos-LI neuron could be observed in the DR. These results suggest that some of the distal CSF-CNs in the DR may play roles in transmitting information between brain and cerebrospinal fluid and modulating the function of brain following hypoxic stimulation.