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1.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 1017-1023, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800781

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the clinical efficacy of subacromial anterolateral small incision approach with open reduction and internal fixation with proximal humeral locking system (PHILOS) for proximal humeral fractures.@*Methods@#A retrospective case-control study was conducted to analyze the complete medical records of 76 patients with proximal humeral fractures admitted to the Department of Traumatic Surgery, Fujian Provincial Hospital from April, 2013 to December, 2017. There were 22 males and 54 females, aged from 25 to 89 years [(60.4±16.4)years]. All patients had closed fractures. According to Neer classification, there were 12 patients of type II, 46 patients of type Ⅲ, and 18 patients of type IV. The duration from injury to operation ranged from 1 to 10 days [(4.4±1.9)days]. All patients received treatment of open reduction fixation with PHILOS. Forty patients received subacromial anterolateral small incision approach with percutaneous interactive reduction and internal fixation of humerus head and humerus shaft, including four patients of Neer type II, 26 patients of type III, and 10 patients of type IV (minimally invasive group). Thirty-six patients received the deltopectoral approach with reduction and internal fixation, including eight patients of type II, 20 patients of type III, and 8 patients of type IV (conventional group). The total length of incision, the operation time, intraoperative blood loss, hospitalization time, review of the neck angle with X-ray 1 week after surgery, and the fracture healing after 6 months, the ipsilateral Neer shoulder joint function score at 6 months after surgery and complications were compared.@*Results@#All patients were followed up for 3-12 months [(9.2±1.7)months], and there were six patients lost to the follow-up including four of the minimally invasive group and two of the conventional group. In the minimally invasive group and the conventional group, the total length of incision was 6.0(6.0, 6.8)cm and 11.5(10.0, 15.0)cm ( P<0.01), the operation time was (122.2±31.8)minutes and (136.9±36.6)minutes ( P>0.05), the intraoperative blood loss was 100(80, 150)ml and 175(100, 200)ml (P<0.01), the hospitalization time was (15.3±8.3)days and (16.2±5.1)days (P>0.05), the neck-shaft angle was (134.7±2.5)° and (134.6±2.6)°(P>0.05). A total of 70 patients obtained good bone healing. At 6 months after operation, the Neer shoulder function score of the affected side in the minimally invasive group was excellent in 30 patients, good in four patients, and fair in two patients, with the excellent and good rate of 96%, and for conventional group the score was excellent in 20 patients, good in eight patients, and fair in six patients, with the excellent and good rate of 84%(P<0.05). There was no complication in the minimally invasive group, but axillary nerve injury was found in one patient in the conventional group.@*Conclusion@#For the proximal humerus fracture, compared with the traditional deltopectoral approach, the subacromial anterior lateral small incision approach with percutaneous humeral head and humeral shaft reduction and interal fixation has the advantages of smaller incision, less bleeding and better functional recovery, which is a minimally invasive and effective treatment.

2.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 1017-1023, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824382

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical efficacy of subacromial anterolateral small incision approach with open reduction and internal fixation with proximal humeral locking system (PHILOS) for proximal humeral fractures.Methods A retrospective case-control study was conducted to analyze the complete medical records of 76 patients with proximal humeral fractures admitted to the Department of Traumatic Surgery,Fujian Provincial Hospital from April,2013 to December,2017.There were 22 males and 54 females,aged from 25 to 89 years [(60.4 ± 16.4)years].All patients had closed fractures.According to Neer classification,there were 12 patients of type Ⅱ,46 patients of type Ⅲ,and 18 patients of type Ⅳ.The duration from injury to operation ranged from 1 to 10 days [(4.4 ± 1.9)days].All patients received treatment of open reduction fixation with PHILOS.Forty patients received subacromial anterolateral small incision approach with percutaneous interactive reduction and internal fixation of humerus head and humerus shaft,including four patients of Neer type Ⅱ,26 patients of type ⅢH,and 10 patients of type Ⅳ (minimally invasive group).Thirty-six patients received the deltopectoral approach with reduction and internal fixation,including eight patients of type Ⅱ,20 patients of type Ⅲ,and 8 patients of type Ⅳ (conventional group).The total length of incision,the operation time,intraoperative blood loss,hospitalization time,review of the neck angle with X-ray Ⅰ week after surgery,and the fracture healing after 6 months,the ipsilateral Neer shoulder joint function score at 6 months after surgery and complications were compared.Results All patients were followed up for 3-12 months [(9.2 ± 1.7) months],and there were six patients lost to the follow-up including four of the minimally invasive group and two of the conventional group.In the minimally invasive group and the conventional group,the total length of incision was 6.0(6.0,6.8) cm and 11.5 (10.0,15.0) cm (P < 0.01),the operation time was (122.2 ± 31.8) minutes and (136.9 ± 36.6) minutes (P > 0.05),the intraoperative blood loss was 100 (80,150) ml and 175 (100,200) ml (P < 0.01),the hospitalization time was (15.3 ± 8.3) days and (16.2 ± 5.1) days (P > 0.05),the neck-shaft angle was (134.7 ± 2.5) ° and (134.6 ± 2.6) ° (P > 0.05).A total of 70 patients obtained good bone healing.At 6 months after operation,the Neer shoulder function score of the affected side in the minimally invasive group was excellent in 30 patients,good in four patients,and fair in two patients,with the excellent and good rate of 96%,and for conventional group the score was excellent in 20 patients,good in eight patients,and fair in six patients,with the excellent and good rate of 84% (P < 0.05).There was no complication in the minimally invasive group,but axillary nerve injury was found in one patient in the conventional group.Conclusion For the proximal humerus fracture,compared with the traditional deltopectoral approach,the subacromial anterior lateral small incision approach with percutaneous humeral head and humeral shaft reduction and interal fixation has the advantages of smaller incision,less bleeding and better functional recovery,which is a minimally invasive and effective treatment.

3.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 53-56, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-505376

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the predictive value of symmetrical ambulatory arterial stiffness index (S-AASI) in detecting early renal impairment of patients with essential hypertension.Methods Totally 245 consecutive out-patients were confirmed with essential hypertension,and were divided into group A (56 cases),group B (64 cases),group C (72 cases),and group D (53 cases) according to the quartile of S-AASI.The combination testing of serum cystatin C,serum β2-microglobulin as well as urine microalbumin to creatinine ratio were implemented as laboratory diagnosis index of renal impairment in early stage and 109 essential hypertension patients were diagnosed with early renal impairment.The parameters were compared among 4 groups.Pearson correlation analysis and partial correlation analysis were performed to confirm the relationship between the markers of early renal impairment and S-AASI.The predictive value of S-AASI to detect early renal injury was evaluated by analyzing Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) curve.Results With the rising of S-AASI,age as well as 24 hours mean systolic blood pressure (24 h SBP),serum cystatin C,serum β2-microglobulin,urine microalbumin to creatinine ratio and the incidence rate of early renal injury went notably higher while estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) decreased significantly.After controlling for age,correlation test showed S-AASI was positively correlated with24hSBP,serum cystatin C,serumβ2-microglobulin,urine microalbumin to creatinine ratio(r =0.392,0.627,0.514 and 0.643 respectively,P < 0.05) and negatively correlated with eGFR(r =-0.312,P < 0.05).The 24 hours mean diastolic blood pressure (24 h DBP) was uncorrelated with S-AASI.Area under ROC curve of S-AASI for diagnosis of hypertensive renal impairment was 0.885.The critical value of S-AA-SI was 0.17,the sensitivity,specificity,positive predictive value,and negative predictive value were 92.7%,65.2%,68.5%,and 91.7%,respectively.Conclusions When S-AASI was detected above 0.17,patients with hypertension had a higher risk of renal impairment.Higher S-AASI was correlated with worse early renal impairment laboratory indexes.The predictive accuracy of S-AASI for early hypertensive renal impairment was medium.

4.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 59-63, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-488330

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical characteristics of cervical spine injury associated with chest injury by contrast with simple cervical spine injury.Methods A retrospective analysis was performed on records of 116 patients with cervical spine injury hospitalized from March 2009 to September 2014.There were 65 patients with simple cervical spine injury (simple injury group) and 51 patients with associated chest injury (associated injury group).Data recorded were the causes of injury, injury segment, treatment choices (tracheotomy rate, mechanical ventilation use and non-operative treatment), treatment time (operation rate at different time, time from injury to operation and length of hospital stay) , complications (electrolyte disorder, respiratory infection, respiratory dysfunction or failure, urinary tract infection, gastrointestinal bleeding and multiple organ dysfunction syndrome), and treatment outcome.Results The main cause of injury for the two groups was high falling.Lower cervical segment was the most likely to be affected.Significant differences were detected between the simple injury group and associated injury group with regard to tracheotomy rate (63% vs.42%), rate of mechanical ventilation (41% vs.25%), rate of early surgery (29% vs.58%), rate of delayed surgery (69% vs.30%), time from injury to operation [(7.2 ± 3.7) d vs.(3.1 ± 1.3) d], length of hospital stay [(22.6-± 5.5) d vs.(17.3 ± 3.7)d], electrolyte disorder rate (35% vs.17%), incidence of respiratory system infection (55% vs.35%), and respiratory dysfunction (43% vs.25%) (P <0.05).After treatment, American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) scale for grade D was significantly lower in associated injury group than in simple injury group (25% vs.39% P < 0.05).Conclusion Cervical spine injury associated with chest injury is severe injury, often requiring tracheotomy and mechanical ventilation, and demonstrates difficulties to be effectively treated in the early phase, long hospitalization, various complications and high morbidity.

5.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 254-260, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-488290

ABSTRACT

Objective The advantages of the treating allergic rhinitis (AR) by sphenopalatine ganglion stimulation with acupuncture were evaluated.Methods Databases including CBMDisk, CNKI, WanFang, VIP, Cochrane Library, PubMed, ProQuest, ChiCTR, ISRCTN, ClinicalTrials.gov and CENTRAL were searched from the beginning of database established to Jan 2015. All issues from Jan 2004 to Jan 2015 published onjournals Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion,Shanghai Journal of Acupuncture and Moxibustion, Acupuncture Research,Journal of Clinical Acupuncture and Moxibustion,Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine and Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology in Integrative Medicine were searched by hand at meantime. All data were extracted based on the inclusive and exclusive criteria which was pre-designed, the Revman5.3 was applied for meta-analysis, and the studies qualities were analyzed by grade score.Results 118 articles were collected, 7 studies that involving 1 230 patients met the inclusive criteria. The result indicated that the sphenopalatine ganglion stimulation with acupuncture as the main treatment of AR showed the better total response rate compared to conventional drugs, theOR(95%CI) was 3.22(1.81 - 5.75); however the change of total symptom score had no statistical significant difference, the MD(95%CI) was 0.69 (-0.56 - 1.93), the change of IgE had no statistical significant difference,theSMD(95%CI) was -0.07 (-0.97 - 0.83).Conclusion The main treatment on AR by sphenopalatine ganglion stimulation with acupuncture may has better efficacy than western medicine. But due to the methodological biases existed in most studies, future high-quality RCTs were needed to be included into Meta-analysis to test today’s study conclusion.

6.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 565-570, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-352654

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare the effects of acupuncture on sphenopalatine ganglion and acupuncture on the common acupoints for life quality of patients with allergic rhinitis(AR).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Eighty patients with AR,who were in accord with the inclusive criteria,were randomly divided into an observation group and a control group,40 cases in each one. Acupuncture on sphenopalatine ganglion was used in the observation group. The needle was inserted into the gap between zygoma and mandibular coronoid process about 55 mm. Acupuncture was adopted on the main acupoints,Yingxiang(LI 20),Yintang(GV 29) or Fengchi(GB 20) in the control group. The course was four weeks. Follow-up was applied one month after treatment. Rhinoconjunctivitis quality of life questionnaire (RQLQ),rhinitis symptoms scale and visual analogue scale(VAS) were evaluated at different time points before and after treatment,and follow-up was implemented to know the recurrence situation,satisfactory degree and adverse reaction.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>(1) RQLQ scores:along with treatment,the RQLQ scores were gradually apparently decreased in the two groups(<0.01),and the reducing trend from the first week to the second week of the observation group was more obvious than that of the control group. The differences of the RQLQ scores at all timepoints after treatment between the two groups were not statistically significant(all>0.05). The interaction of the time factor and the group factor had statistical significance(<0.01). (2) Rhinitis symptoms scores:along with treatment,the scores presented decreasing trend in the two groups(<0.01). The scores of the two groups after treatment and the interaction of the time factor and the group factor were not statistically different(both>0.05). (3)VAS scores:the VAS scores after treatment were lower than those before treatment(both<0.01). The differences before and after treatment were statistically significant(<0.01),with more change in the observation group(<0.05). (4)There was no statistical significance about the number of recurrence days between the two groups(>0.05). (5) Above 80 percent patients were content with the therapeutic method in each group,with no statistical difference(>0.05). (6)The method of the observation group spent less time. (7) Two patients with light adverse reaction came up in the observation group,but no special treatment was needed.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Acupuncture on sphenopalatine ganglion acquires more obvious short-term effect than conventional acupuncture. It spends less time to relieve symptoms and improves life quality.</p>

7.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1171-1176, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-323733

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To identify the feasibility and safety of fossa infratemporalis approach for blind-needle at sphenopalatine ganglion so as to provide anatomical evidence for the operation and the prevention of non-immediate adverse reaction.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The variations of pterygopalatine fossae in sixty dry skulls were observed by selecting measuring points for facial skull width. The brains of six wet skulls were taken out,then acupuncture of fossa infratemporalis approach was applied. Sphenopalatine ganglion was separated accurately with the pterygopalatine segment of maxillary arteria retained in the pterygopalatine fossa after its paries posterior was opened. We detected whether the needle was inserted into pterygopalatine fossa. Measurements showed needle inserted depth, facial skull width,the distance between the needle and sphenopalatine ganglion,the distance between the needle and the pterygopalatine segment of maxillary arteria,the distance between the pterygopalatine segment of maxillary arteria and the crotaphitic nerve in pterygopalatine fossa.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The distance between the slight hollow under bilateral arcus superciliaris was selected as skull width, and 3 dry skulls showed the variation of pterygopalatine fossa. Needles were inserted into the pterygopalatine fossae of the wet skulls (12 times). The proportion of the inserting depth to the distance between the slight hollow under bilateral arcus superciliaris was 44%-54%. Only twice did the needle contact sphenopalatine ganglion. The average distances between the sphenopalatine ganglion and the needle were (5.88±3.70) mm in the left side and (6.43±5.54) mm in the right side. The average distances between the needle and the pterygopalatine segment of maxillary arteria were (2.77±3.99) mm left and (2.53±3.10) mm right. The average distances between the pterygopalatine segment of maxillary arteria and the crotaphitic nerve in pterygopalatine fossa were (2.83±4.05) mm left and (2.67±4.95) mm right. The mean data between the two sides had no statistic significance about all the above indices (all>0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Fossa infratemporalis approach is feasible for blind-needle at sphenopalatine ganglion with less possibility to contact it. The effect of treating nasitis may achieved by little distance to nerve. Pricking at the pterygopalatine segment of maxillary arteria may induce non-immediate adverse reaction. The safety and efficacy should be comprehensively considered. There is a proportional relationship between the width of the skull and the insertion depth of the needle. The inserting depth of 44 percent may appropriate accounted for skull width.</p>

8.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 396-400, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-464142

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo evaluate the efficacy of sphenopalatine ganglion stimulation with acupuncture for moderate-to-severe perennial allergic rhinitis.MethodsA total of 50 patients were recruited into a sphenopalatine ganglion stimulation group and a routine acupuncture group according to order of presentation, with 25 in each group. The sphenopalatine ganglion stimulation group received sphenopalatine ganglion stimulation with filiform needle, 1-2 sessions/week for 4 weeks. The routine acupuncture group received traditional acupuncture, withyingxiang(LI 20),yintang(GV29),fengchi(GB20),fengfu(GB16),zusanli(ST36) as the maln points, andyingxiang(LI 20),yintang(GV29),fengchi(GB20),fengfu(GB16),zusanli(ST36) as the adjunct points, 1-2 points from both the maln and adjunct points in each session, 2 sessions/week for 4 weeks. The nasal symptom score (2004 version), the total nasal symptom score (TNSS) and the total non-nasal symptom score (TNNSS) were used to evaluate symptom improvement. The Rhinoconjunctivitis Quality of Life Questionnalre (RQLQ) was used to assess the patients’ quality of life. The time to symptom alleviation, duration of symptom alleviation in every session and the recurrence duration during 1 month after the treatment were compared between the two groups.Results After the treatment, the score of the nasal symptom score (99.74 ± 31.89vs.196.83 ± 31.22;t=-4.912,P=0.001), TNSS (33.63 ± 12.37vs.71.82 ± 19.21;t=-3.463,P=0.003), TNNSS (33.63 ± 12.37vs.71.82 ± 19.21,t=-3.463,P=0.003) in the sphenopalatine ganglion stimulation were significant lower than those in the routine acupuncture group. Compared with the routine acupuncture group, the time to symptom alleviation was significant shorter (13.85 ± 4.21 minvs.45.63 ± 7.87 min;t=-1.763,P=0.008), while the duration of symptom alleviation was significant longer (37.92 ± 9.94 hvs.3.35 ± 1.23 h;t=7.637,P<0.01) after each session in the sphenopalatine ganglion stimulation group. Four weeks after the treatment, RQLQ score in the sphenopalatine ganglion stimulation group was significant lower than that in the routine acupuncture group (8.48 ± 3.71vs.37.68 ± 12.46;F=-7.312,P<0.01). The recurrence duration during 1 month after the treatment in the sphenopalatine ganglion stimulation group was significant longer than that in the routine acupuncture group (4.12 ± 2.15 dvs.23.53 ± 4.63 d;t=-8.879,P=0.003).ConclusionSphenopalatine Ganglion stimulation is superior to routine acupuncture in treatment of patients with moderate-to-severe perennial allergic rhinitis.

9.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 396-398, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-412823

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the curative effect of damage control theory in treating severe polytrauma patients combined with bone and joint injury. Methods A retrospective study was done on data including complication, death rate, fracture healing and joint function recovery of 63 patients with severe polytrauma combined with bone and joint injury( average ISS ≥27 points) admitted to our hospital from January 2006 to June 2009. Results Of all the patients, 57 shock patients were cured,three died of hemorrhagic shock within two hours after admission and one patient died of severe traumatic brain injury 11 hours after admission. One patient died of ARDS at 24 hours postoperatively and one died of multiple organ failure at day 6 after injury. Fracture healing was achieved in 52 patients, with satisfactory recovery of the limb function. Amputation was performed in two patients and three patients had mild claudication and pain walking. Conclusion Damage control strategy has great clinical significance in guidance of treatment of severe polytrauma combined with bone and joint injury.

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