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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879548


OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis for a child with ocular anomaly, microcephaly, growth retardation and intrauterine growth restriction.@*METHODS@#The patient underwent ophthalmologic examinations including anterior segment photography, fundus color photography, and fundus fluorescein angiography. The patient and her parents were subjected to whole exome sequencing. Candidate variants were verified by Sanger sequencing and bioinformatic analysis.@*RESULTS@#The patient was found to have bilateral persistent pupillary membrane and coloboma of inferior iris, in addition with macular dysplasia and radial pigmentation near the hemal arch of the temporal retina. She was found to have carried compound heterozygous missense variants of the PHGDH gene, namely c.196G>A and c.1177G>A, which were respectively inherited from her father and mother. Bioinformatic analysis suggested both variants to be pathogenic.@*CONCLUSION@#The patient was diagnosed with phosphoglycerate dehydrogenase deficiency. Above finding has enriched the phenotypic spectrum of the disease with ocular manifestations.

Carbohydrate Metabolism, Inborn Errors/genetics , Child , Coloboma , Female , Humans , Microcephaly/genetics , Mutation , Phenotype , Phosphoglycerate Dehydrogenase/genetics , Psychomotor Disorders/genetics , Seizures/genetics , Whole Exome Sequencing
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879519


OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis for three children patients with CHARGE syndrome.@*METHODS@#The three children and their parents were subjected to whole exome sequencing, and candidate variants were verified by Sanger sequencing.@*RESULTS@#All patients had ocular anomalies including microphthalmia, microcornea, lens opacity, and coloboma of iris, optic nerve, retina and choroid. And all were found to carry heterozygous variants of the CHD7 gene, which included two frameshifting variant, namely c.1447delG (p.Val483Leufs*12) and c.1021_1048delAATCAGTCCGTACCAAGATACCCCAATG (p.Asn341Leufs*2) in exon 2, which were unreported previously and were pathogenic based on the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics standards and guidelines (PVS1+PM2+PM6), and a nonsense variant c.7957C>T (p.Arg2653*) in exon 36, which was known to be likely pathogenic (PVS1+PM2+PP4). Sanger sequencing confirmed that the two frameshifting mutations were de novo, and the nonsense mutation was also suspected to be de novo.@*CONCLUSION@#Pathological variants of the CHD7 gene probably underlay the CHARGE syndrome in the three patients.

CHARGE Syndrome/genetics , Child , DNA Helicases/genetics , DNA-Binding Proteins/genetics , Genetic Variation , Humans , Mutation , Phenotype