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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908468

ABSTRACT

Hepatic alveolar echinococcosis is a zoonotic parasitic disease caused by echinococcus multilocularis infection. The growth pattern of the lesions of hepatic alveolar echinococcosis is similar to that of liver malignant tumor showing invasive growth. Hepatic alveolar echinococcosis can not only directly invade the adjacent tissue structure, but also metastasize through the lymphatic tracts and blood vessels. Hepatic alveolar echinococcosis with intraperitoneal implantable metastasis is extremely rare. The authors introduce the diagnosis and treatment of 1 patient who had hepatic alveolar echinococcosis with intraperitoneal implantable metastasis.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908447

ABSTRACT

Precise hepatobiliary surgery technical system is a full-process and full-element surgical practice norm, which is based on the value of maximizing the benefit of patients, combining various technical means as its method, with safety, high efficiency and minimal trauma as the goal. Complicated hepatolithiasis is considered as benign disease but malignant prognosis because of its disease characteristics, such as difficult preoperative evaluation, difficult operation and difficult postoperative management. The precise hepatobiliary surgery technical system plays an important role in complicated hepatolithiasis. Based on the core of diseased biliary tree clearance, surgeons have improved the certainty of preoperative assessment and surgical operations through positioning, quantitative and structure technology. The author elaborates on the core, connotation of precise hepatobiliary surgery technical system and its application in complicated hepatolithiasis.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865086

ABSTRACT

Objective:To conduct a survey on major surgeon′s mental trauma caused by iatrogenic biliary injury (IBI) during laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC), and explore its influencing factors.Methods:The retrospective cross-sectional survey was conducted. Surgeons who have registered in Chinese College of Surgeons of Chinese Medical Doctor Association and Chinese Surgical Society of Chinese Medical Association were recruited to participate as respondents between December 1, 2018 and January 1, 2019. The survey was conducted by the questionnaires of influencing factors for surgeon′s mental trauma caused by IBI during LC. The questionnaires were distributed to participants via WeChat on the Wenjuanxin platform. Observation indicators: (1) results of questionnaire survey; (2) analysis of influencing factors for severe mental trauma of major surgeons caused by IBI during LC. Measurement data with normal distribution were expressed as Mean± SD, and count data were expressed as absolute numbers or percentages. The chi-square test was used for univariate analysis. Factors with P<0.10 in the univariate analysis were included in multivariate analysis, and Logistic regression model was used for multivariate analysis. Results:(1) Results of questionnaire survey. A total of 606 questionnaires were retrieved. ① Basic information of major surgeons: of the 606 major surgeons, there were 596 males and 10 females, aged (41±7)years, with a range from 18 to 62 years. Of the 606 major surgeons, 59.24%(359/606) came from non-teaching hospitals, and 64.03%(388/606) encounted the most impressive case of IBI during LC when they were in the primary or intermediate professional title. For 76.24%(462/606) of the major surgeons, the first case of IBI during LC was the most impressive case, and 69.80%(423/606) believed that careful operation during LC could avoid IBI. ② Patient information: of the patients with the most impressive IBI during LC in each major surgeon′s memory, there were 400 females and 206 males. The proportion of patients younger than 35 years old, in 35-65 years old and older than 65 years old was 9.57%(58/606), 65.51%(397/606), and 24.92%(151/606), respectively. ③ IBI related information: 57.43%(348/606) of the major surgeons indicated that they could receive help from senior surgeons in time for the occurrence of IBI during LC, and 78.88%(478/606) of the major surgeons invited senior surgeons to participate in the initial repair. For the most impressive case of IBI during LC, 66.83%(405/606) of the primary repair surgeries were performed during LC, 11.06%(67/606) were performed within postoperative 3 days and 22.11%(134/606) were performed after 3 days. The main repair methods included local repair, bile duct to end anastomosis, and bilioenteric anastomosis, accounting for 24.92%(151/606), 30.20%(183/606), 33.17%(201/606), respectively. The proportion of patients requiring partial hepatectomy, with perioperative death, and requiring multiple repair was 2.48%(15/606), 2.15%(13/606), and 9.24%(56/606), respectively. ④ Subsequent processing on major surgeons: after the occurrence of IBI during LC, 64.85%(393/606) of the major surgeons gained the understanding of patients and their families, 35.15%(213/606) of the major surgeons were involved in medical disputes, 15.68%(95/606) of the major surgeons received administrative punishment from the hospital. About the compensation, 14.36%(87/606) of the major surgeons had to pay for the compensation by themselves, and only 6.77%(41/606) of the major surgeons had medical liability insurance. There were 9.24%(56/606) of the major surgeons invloved in violent conflicts during the medical disputes. ⑤ Psychology-related information of major surgeons: of the 606 major surgeons, 544 had mental trauma including 279 with severe mental trauma. After the occurrence of IBI during LC, 82.01%(497/606) of the major surgeons experienced anxiety and/or depression for more than one month; 63.37%(384/606) of the major surgeons expected to avoid LC or showed tension during LC; 44.72%(271/606) of the major surgeons had a physiological response when recalling the case; 36.14%(219/606) of the major surgeons initiated the idea of not being a surgeon; 6.44%(39/606) of the major surgeons asked psychologists for help; and 5.61%(34/606) of the major surgeons had taken psychiatric drugs such as antianxiety and anti-depression drugs for more than one month. (2) Analysis of influencing factors for severe mental trauma of major surgeons caused by IBI during LC. Results of univariate analysis showed that the hospital type of the major surgeons, participation of senior surgeons in the repair, surgical method of the primary repair, IBI requiring repeated repair, medical disputes, administrative punishment from the hospital, compensation paid by the major surgeon, having medical liability insurance, violent conflicts in medical disputes were related factors for severe mental trauma of the major surgeons caused by IBI during LC ( χ2=7.688, 3.932, 19.764, 13.837, 61.488, 24.904, 30.976, 5.344, 26.285, P<0.05) . Results of multivariate analysis showed that the surgical method of the primary repair, IBI requiring repeated repair, medical disputes, administrative punishment from the hospital, compensation paid by the major surgeon, violent conflicts in medical disputes were independent risk factors for severe mental trauma caused by IBI during LC of the major surgeons ( odds ratios=1.203, 2.198, 2.922, 1.830, 2.405, 2.171, 95% confidence interval: 1.033-1.402, 1.143-4.226, 1.944-4.391, 1.083-3.093, 1.076-5.375, 1.002-4.702, P<0.05). Having medical liability insurance was an independent protective factor for severe mental trauma of the major surgeons caused by IBI during LC ( odds ratios=0.336, 95% confidence interval: 0.126-0.896, P<0.05). Conclusions:Most surgeons in China are troubled by IBI during LC, and nearly half of them suffer from severe mental trauma. Surgical method of the primary repair, IBI requiring repeated repair, medical disputes, administartive punishment from the hospital, compensation paid by the major surgeon, and violent conflicts in medical disputes are independent risk factors for severe mental trauma of major surgeons caused by IBI during LC. Having medical liability insurance is an independent protective factor for severe mental trauma of major surgeons caused by IBI during LC.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810585

ABSTRACT

Perioperative chemotherapy is the major component of therapeutic approaches in multidisciplinary team (MDT) of colorectal cancer. In resectable colorectal cancer, the role of systemic chemotherapy is more important. In resectable colon cancer, especially locally advanced high-risk T3 or T4 tumor, perioperative chemotherapy can confer downstaging of primary tumor, improve pathologic complete response (pCR) rate and postoperative tumor regression. However, long-term oncological outcomes need prolonging follow-up period and phase III randomized controlled trials to confirm. On the basis of standard of care with chemoradiation followed by surgery, total neoadjuvant threapy (TNT) strategy is suggested in locally advanced rectal cancer. Addition of systemic chemotherapy before or after chemoradiation showed advantages of more completion of neoadjuvant chemotherapy, high percentage of delivering drugs dosage, good compliance and tolerance. The trend toward higher pCR rate was also observed in TNT strategy. Neoadjuvant chemotherapy without chemoradiation had similar long-term efficacies compared with concurrent chemoradiation, with avoiding functional impairment and secondary cancers. In brief, perioperative chemotherapy plays a very important role in MDT of colorectal cancer.

5.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 154-160, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804790

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the most economically feasible cervical cancer screening strategies in urban China.@*Methods@#A series of Markov models were constructed to evaluate health and economic outcomes of different screening strategies. There were 24 screening strategies including four screening methods: liquid-based cytology (LBC), human papillomavirus (HPV) DNA genotyping, HPV DNA genotyping with LBC triage (HPV DNA+ LBC), HPV DNA genotyping and LBC co-testing (HPV DNA-LBC), along with three intervals (every 1, 3 or 5 years) and two starting age for screening (30 or 35 years old) were compared. Models parameters were obtained from a cervical cancer screening study in urban China and literature reviews.@*Results@#The cumulative incidence and mortality risk of cervical cancer declined over 69% and 82% respectively for each screening strategy as compared with the no screening scenario. LBC every five years starting from 35 years old strategy cost the least (RMB 690 per capita) and could save life years compared with no screening. The cost effectiveness ratios of 24 strategies ranged from -10 903 to 117 992 RMB per life year saved. All strategies were cost-effective compared to no screening. In the incremental cost-effectiveness analysis, LBC every 5 years starting from 30 strategy, HPV DNA genotyping every 3 years starting from 30 strategy, LBC every 3 years starting from 30 strategy and LBC every year starting from 30 strategy were dominant strategies.@*Conclusions@#Screening can effectively prevent cervical cancer. In urban Chinese areas with insufficient socioeconomic resources, LBC every 5 years from 35 years old strategy is recommended. In relatively more affluent areas, LBC every 5 years from 30 years old strategy, LBC every 3 years from 30 years old strategy, HPV DNA genotyping every 3 years from 30 years old strategy, and LBC every year from 30 years old strategy are recommended successively.

6.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 41-46, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-809775

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To clarify whether the surgical treatment for hilar cholangiocarcinoma combined with artery reconstruction is optimistic to the patients with hilar cholangiocarcinoma with hepatic artery invasion.@*Methods@#There were 384 patients who received treatment in the First Affiliated Hospital to Army Medical University from January 2008 to January 2016 analyzed retrospectively. There were 27 patients underwent palliative operation, 245 patients underwent radical operation, radical resection account for 63.8%. Patients were divided into four groups according to different operation method: routine radical resection group(n=174), portal vein reconstruction group (n=47), hepatic artery reconstruction group (n=24), palliative group(n=27). General information of patients who underwent radical operation treatment was analyzed by chi-square test and analysis of variance. The period of operation time, blood loss, the length of hospital stay and hospitalization expenses of the radical operation patients were analyzed by one-way ANOVA. Comparison among groups was analyzed by LSD-t test.@*Results@#The follow-up ended up in June first, 2016. Each of patients followed for 6 to 60 months, the median follow-up period was 24 months. 1-, 3-, and 5-year survival rates were 81.3%, 44.9% and 13.5% of routine radical operation group, and were 83.0%, 44.7% and 15.1% of portal vein reconstruction group, and were 70.8%, 27.7% and 6.9% of hepatic artery reconstruction group, respectively. And 1-, 3-, and 5-year survival rates of hepatic artery reconstruction group was lower than routine radical group and portal vein reconstruction group significantly (P<0.05). However, the rate of postoperative complications of the hepatic artery reconstruction group and the routine radical operation group and the portal vein reconstruction group were 62.5%(15/24), 55.3%(96/174) and 51.5%(24/47), respectively. There was no significant difference among them (P>0.05). The data shows that the ratio of lymphatic metastasis in hepatic artery reconstruction group (70.8%) is much higher than them in routine radical operation group (20.1%) and portal vein reconstruction group (19.1%) significantly (P<0.05). The presented data also indicate that hepatic artery resection prolongs survival time comparing with patients undergoing palliative therapy for hilar cholangiocarcinoma. Cox regression analysis indicate that hepatic artery resection and reconstruction is a protective factor compare with palliative therapy (RR=0.38, 95%CI: 0.22-0.67). The significant reason for shorter survival time is a positive correlation between hepatic artery invasion and lymph node metastasis.@*Conclusion@#Hepatic artery resection and reconstruction has beneficial impact on oncologic long-term outcome in patients with advanced stage hilar cholangiocarcinoma.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-807793

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To account the direct cost of uterine cervix carcinoma treatment in China and to explore the related factors which influence the direct financial burden of the disease.@*Methods@#Data was collected through the medical record system and telephone interviews in 14 county-level hospitals and 9 provincial and municipal hospitals from 14 provinces/municipalities enrolled in the Chinese National Health Industry Research Project in 2015. The direct financial burden of uterine cervix carcinoma treatment consisted of the direct medical cost and the direct non-medical cost of treatment in different pathological cervical cancer stages and precancerous lesions. Multiple liner regression method was used to analyze the factors affecting the costs.@*Results@#The age of the 3 246 patients was (46.40±10.43) years, including 2 423 patients from provincial and municipal hospitals and 823 patients from county-level hospitals. The direct financial burden for one patient of pathological uterine cervix carcinoma stage or precancerous lesion ranged from 10 156.3 yuan to 75 716.4 yuan in provincial and municipal hospitals, and for patients from county-level hospitals, the cost was between 4 927.9 yuan and 47 524.8 yuan per person. There was a wide gap between the direct financial burden of patients in different disease stages. The direct financial burden of patients with precancerous lesions ranged from 4 927.9 yuan per person to 11 243.0 yuan per person, as for patients of pathological uterine cervix carcinoma stages, the direct financial burden was between 29 274.6 yuan and 75 716.4 yuan per person. The factors which influence direct financial burden would include: the levels of the hospital, pathological period, medicare reimbursement, days of treatment, and the methods of treatment (P<0.001).@*Conclusion@#The direct financial burden of diseases in patients with pathological uterine cervix carcinoma stage or precancerous lesion differed in different levels of hospital and pathological periods. In addition, medicare reimbursement, days of treatment, and the methods of treatment all had impact on it.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690751

ABSTRACT

This paper reviewed the filiform needle insertionmethods in multi-edition of , explored its evolution and reasons, and analyzed its development trend. By referring multi-edition of and related literature regarding acupuncture manipulation published after 1940s, combined with acupuncture manipulation characteristics of modern and contemporary acupuncture masters, it was found that the definition of needle insertion methods needed to be improved after several changes. The classification of needle insertion methods was stable over development. The thrusting method of needle insertion was previously included, and then disappeared. The description of needle insertion methods was improving. These evolutions were mainly influenced by the academic and clinical background, the academic thought of writers and acupuncture masters, the internationalization and standardization of acupuncture and so on. The twist-inserting method and some other needle-inserting instrument meet the safe, sterile, painless and convenient development trend, which might be included in in the future.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-699074

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical efficacies of free endoscopic nasobiliary drainage (ENBD) in primary duct closure (PDC) following laparoscopic common bile duct exploration (LCBDE) for choledocholithiasis.Methods The retrospective cohort study was conducted.The clinical data of 312 patients with extrahepatic bile duct stones accompanied with or without cholecystolithiasis who were admitted to the 11 medical centers [86 in the Affiliated Tongji Hospital,Tongji Medical College,Huazhong University of Science and Technology,62 in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University School of Medicine,44 in the West China Hospital of Sichuan University,29 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University,27 in the First Hospital Affiliated to Army Medical University (Third Military Medical University),25 in the Hunan Provincial People's Hospital,17 in the Beijing Friendship Hospital of Capital Medical University,10 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Hainan Medical University,5 in the Henan Provincial People's Hospital,4 in the Beijing Tian Tan Hospital of Capital Medical University,3 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University] from January 2011 to June 2017 were collected.All patients underwent LCBDE+PDC,and 81 and 231 patients with and without ENBD were respectively allocated into the ENBD group and PDC group.Observation indicators:(1) comparisons of operation situations;(2) comparisons of postoperative recovery;(3) comparisons of postoperative complications;(4) follow-up situations.Follow-up using outpatient examination and telephone interview was performed to detect the postoperative complications up to June 2017.Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as x±s.Comparison between groups was analyzed by the t test.Measurement data with skewed distribution were represented M [interquartile range (IQR)],and comparison between groups was analyzed by the nonparametic test.Comparisons of count data were analyzed using the chi-square test and Fisher exact probability.Results (1) Comparisons of operation situations:all the 312 patients underwent successful laparoscopic LCBDE + PDC,without conversion to open surgery,including postoperative death of 1 patient in the PDC group.The common bile duct diameter,cases using interrupted sutures,continuous sutures,absorbable threads and nonabsorbable threads were respectively (1.2±0.4)cm,106,125,195,36 in the PDC group and (1.1±0.5)cm,76,5,79,2 in the ENBD group,with statistically significant differences between groups (t =2.497,x2 =56.706,8.457,P<0.05).The numbers of stones,stone diameter,cases with common bile duct wall (≤ 3 mm and >3 mm),normal and abnormal Oddi sphincter contraction function,volume of intraoperative blood loss and operation time were respectively 2.1±1.7,(1.1-±0.6)cm,148,83,226,5,20 mL (10-45 mL),(116± 49)minutes in the PDC group and 1.9±1.6,(1.0±0.6)cm,49,32,75,6,20 mL (15-30 mL),(113± 23)minutes in the ENBD group,with no statistically significant difference between groups (t =1.021,0.329,x2 =0.329,3.428,Z=1.147,t=0.521,P>0.05).The further analysis:of 312 patients,cases and time using interrupted sutures and continuous sutures were respectively 182,130 and (133±.49) minutes,(103±34) minutes,with a statistically significant difference between groups (t =-6.605,P<0.05).The volume of intraoperative blood loss and cases with postoperative complications using interrupted sutures and continuous sutures were respectively 20 mL (15-31 mL),21 and 20 mL (10-45 mL),18,with no statistically significant difference between groups (Z =-0.285,x2 =0.369,P> 0.05).Of 312 patients,cases,operation time,volume of intraoperative blood loss and postoperative complications using absorbable threads and non-absorbable threads were respectively 274,(116±44)minutes,20 mL (15-40 mL),33 and 38,(115±35) minutes,18 mL (10-26 mL),6,with no statistically significant difference between groups (Z =0.971,t =0.023,x2 =0.154,P> 0.05).(2) Comparisons of postoperative recovery:recovery time of gastrointestinal function,time of abdominal drainage-tube removal,using time of antibiotics and duration of hospital stay were respectively (2.0± 1.5) days,(4.0 ± 2.4) days,(4.0±2.8) days,(5.5±3.0) days in the PDC group and (4.0±1.9) days,(6.9±3.5) days,(10.0± 3.9) days,(11.1±3.7)days in the ENBD group,with statistically significant differences between groups (t =-9.507,-8.258,-15.103,-13.575,P<0.05).The total expenses of hospital stay in the Affiliated Tongji Hospital,Tongji Medical College of Huazhong University of Science and Technology were respectively (5.1 ±0.6)× 104 yuan in the PDC group and (6.5-±0.5)× 104 yuan in the ENBD group,with a statistically significant difference between groups (t =-9.516,P<0.05).(3) Comparisons of postoperative complications:incidence of complications in the PDC group was 14.29% (33/231),including 16 with biliary fistula,11 with biliary tract infection,3 with wound infection,1 with biliary tract bleeding,1 with residual stones of common bile duct and 1 with death;incidence of complications in the ENBD group was 6.17% (5/81),including 2 with biliary fistula,2 with biliary tract infection and 1 with biliary tract bleeding,showing no statistically significant difference between groups (x2 =3.151,P>0.05).(4) Follow-up situations:of 312 patients,252 were followed up for 2-67 month,with a median time of 15 months,including 175 in the PDC group and 77 in the ENBD group.During the follow up,there was no occurrence of jaundice,cholangitis and pancreatitis,and stone recurrence and postoperative cholangiostenosis were not detected by abdominal color Doppler ultrasound or CT or magnetic resonanced cholangio-pancreatography.Conclusion On the basis of grasping operative indication strictly,ENBD in PDC following LCBDE for choledocholithiasis is safe and effective.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-620059

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the attempted suicide risk factors of socio-demographic and clinical charac-teristics in major depressive disorder patients with atypical features (e.g. increased appetite, weight gain and greater time spent sleeping). Methods This was a secondary analysis of the data from the Diagnostic Assessment Service for People with Bipolar Disorders in China (DASP), which was initiated by the Chinese Society of Psychiatry (CSP) and carried out in 13 major mental health centers in China. Totally 179 patients were diagnosed as atypical major depres-sive disorder patients in all 1172 major depressive disorder patients using Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorder, Fourth Edition (DSM-Ⅳ) by psychiatrists. Suicide attempters and nonattempters were grouped base on the interview results of suicidality module of the Mini International Neuro-psychiatric Interview (MINI). Multiple logistic regression were used to assess association between independent variables and attempted suicide in major depressive disorder patients with atypical features. Results The rater of attempted snicide was 23.5% (42/179) of atypical major depressive disorder patients reported prior or current attempted suicide. Compared to nonattempters, attempters had higher levels of suicidal ideation, postpartum depressive episodes, and the use of antipsychotic, mood stabilizers and benzodiazepines (P<0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that number of admissions (OR=1.73, 95% CI: 1.093~2.740) and depressive episodes with suicidal ideation (OR=3.90, 95%CI: 1.506~10.092) were significantly associat-ed with attempted suicide in atypical unipolar depression patients (P<0.05). Conclusions High number of admissions and high levels of suicidal ideation may be considered as potential risk factors to identify atypical unipolar depression patients at risk for future suicidal behavior.

11.
Chinese Mental Health Journal ; (12): 425-431, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-609119

ABSTRACT

Amisulpride,a kind of the second generation antipsychotics,was marketed in China in 2010.A series of clinical research and experience before and after listed,especially the data based on Chinese population,provided evidence for the generalization and application of amisulpride.In order to optimize the clinical application of amisulpride,and improve the prognosis of patients,Expert Advice on the Practical Use of Amisulpride in the Treatment of Schizophrenia is presented here.This advice is based on the recent evidence and clinical experience,for guiding the clinical medication of amisulpride.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-697412

ABSTRACT

Objective:To assess the influence of different surface treatment on the adhesion of the zirconia-veneering ceramic systems.Methods:28 zirconia specimens were divided into 4 groups(n =7) and treated by non-treatment(group A,the control),sandblaste(group B),hot-etching(group C) and sandblaste + hot-etching(group D).2 specimens randomly selected from each group were examined under SEM and XRD for the observation of surface structure.The veneering porcelain was layered on the remaining specimens of the 4 groups (n =5),then the shear strength of the interface was tested by a universal testing machine.Data were statistically analyzed by SPSS 13.0 software.Results:Different degrees of micro pore structure was observed on the zircomia surface of the 4 groups by SEM observation.The XRD analysis showed that all specimens emerged monoclinic phase.The shear bond strength of group A,B,C and D was (15.96 ± 3.44) MPa,(20.58 ± 2.21) MPa,(26.28 4-2.86) MPa and (22.51 ± 1.94) MPa respectively.group A vs group B,C and D,P < 0.05;group C vs group A,B and D,P < 0.05.Conclusion:The surface treatment of sandblaste,hot-etching and sandblasted + hot-etching can improve the shear bond strength of the zirconia-veneering ceramic systems,and the hotetching method is the most effective.

13.
China Oncology ; (12): 813-819, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-501592

ABSTRACT

Background and purpose:Invasion and metastasis lead to poor prognosis in gastric cancer. In this study, we investigated the potential function of miR-26a in gastric cancer.Methods:Real-time lfuorescent quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RTFQ-PCR) was used to detect the expression of miR-26a in gastric cancer cells.In vitro CCK-8 assay, cloning formation assay and Matrigel-Transwell assay were used to evaluate the proliferation, migration and invasion of gastric cancer cells. A luciferase reporter assay was also conducted to confirm that matrix metallo-proteinase-16 (MMP16) is a direct target of miR-26a.Results:miR-26a was down-regulated in gastric cancer tissues compared with that in non-cancerous tissues. Functional studies showed that miR-26a inhibited cell proliferation, col-ony formation, cell motility and invasion. However, miR-26a had no effect on cell proliferation. We also characterized MMP16 as a direct target of miR-26a. We showed that knocking down MMP16 in gastric cancer cells signiifcantly de-creased MMP16 expression and inhibited cell invasion, whereas ectopic MMP16 expression signiifcantly abrogated the suppressed cell invasion induced by miR-26a.Conclusion:miR-26a suppresses gastric cancer cell invasion by targeting MMP16. miR-26a could represent a potential therapeutic target for gastric cancer.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-490230

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the accuracy of Cerec Bluecam and Cerec Omnicam with 3D printed resin models.Methods:A metal master model including 4 cylindrical metal preparations on the model base,respectively simulating the maxillary canine and the first molar preparations,was prepared.The right canine and the right first molar were respectively marked as A and B,and the left as C and D.The master model was scanned respectively by Cerec Bluecam and Cerec Omnicam for 10 times,10 digital models were genera-ted in Bluecam group and Omnnicam group respectively.Resin models were obtained by a 3D printer based on the digital models,the distance of AB,AC,BD and the diameter(d)of A were respectively measured.Statistical analysis was conducted by SPSS 13.0 soft-ware.Results:The distance of AB,AC,BD of master model and Bluecam group showed significant difference(P 0.05);the distance of AC,BD of master model and Omnicam group showed significant difference(P 0.05).All the distances of the Bluecam group and Omnicam group showed significant difference(P <0.05).Conclusion:The scanning accuracy of Cerec Bluecam is higher than that of Cerec Omnicam in a single preparation scanning.When the scanning area ex-tending,the scanning accuracy of Cerec Omnicam is higher than that of Cerec Bluecam.

15.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 1277-1279, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-778478

ABSTRACT

The surgical treatment of hilar cholangiocarcinoma is one of the most challenging routine surgeries in the field of hepatobiliary surgery, and vascular invasion is an important reason for the low rate of radical resection in hilar cholangiocarcinoma. Currently, it is universally acknowledged that resection and reconstruction of the portal vein invaded is a key factor in improving R0 resection rate and long-term survival rate in patients with hilar cholangiocarcinoma. However, whether to perform resection and reconstruction after invasion of hepatic artery is still controversial. With reference to published literature and clinical practice in our center, this article introduces the application and prospects of combined vascular resection and reconstruction in the surgical treatment of hilar cholangiocarcinoma and points out that with the development of computer-assisted surgery and summarization of more and more case data, indications and long-term efficacy of combined vascular resection and reconstruction in the treatment of hilar cholangiocarcinoma await further investigation and research.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-470310

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the mechanisms of tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis inducing ligand (TRAIL) combined with Triptolide in inducing the apoptosis of pancreatic cancer cells.Methods (1) The pancreatic cancer cells (MiaPaca-2 cells) were divided into 4 groups:blank control group (no drugs were added),TRAIL + Triptolide-group (only TRAIL was added),TRAIL-Triptolide + group (only Triptolide was added) and TRAIL+ Triptolide+ group (TRAIL and Triptolide were added).The vitality of cells in all the 4 groups was assessed by CCK-8.The expressions of poly ADP-ribose polymerase (PARP),cysteinyl aspartate specific proteinase-3 (Caspase-3) and Caspase-8 were detected by Western blot.The vitality of cells was detected by CCK-8 and the vitality of Caspase-8 was detected by Caspase-Glo assays after adding Z-IETD-FMK,a specific inhibitor of Caspase-8.The expressions of myeloid cell leukemia-1 (Mcl-1),Bcl-xL and Bcl-2 were detected by Western blot.(2) The MiaPaca-2 cells were divided into 8 groups:①TRAIL-Mcl-1 siRNA-group (no TRAIL was added and Mcl-1 siRNA cells were not transfected),TRAIL+ Mcl-1 siRNA-group (TRAIL was added and Mcl-1 siRNA cells were not transfected),TRAIL-Mcl-1 siRNA + group (TRAIL was not added and Mcl-1 siRNA cells were transfected)and TRAIL+ Mcl-1 siRNA+ group (TRAIL was added and Mcl-1 siRNA cells were transfected).②TRAIL-Bcl-xL siRNA-group (TRAIL was not added and Bcl-xL siRNA was not transfected),TRAIL+ Bcl-xL siRNA-group (TRAIL was added and Bcl-xL siRNA was not transfected),TRAIL-Bcl-xL siRNA + group (TRAIL was not added and Bcl-xL siRNA was transfected) and TRAIL+ Bcl-xL siRNA+ group (TRAIL was added and Bcl-xL siRNA was transfected).The vitality of the cells in all the groups was detected by CCK-8.The expressions of Caspase-3 and Caspase-8 protein were detected by Western blot.The measurement data with normal distribution were presented as (x) ± s.The comparison among groups was done by ANOVA,and the pairwise comparison was done by LSD-t test.Results (1) The vitalities of MiaPaca-2 cells in the blank control group,TRAIL + Triptolide-group,TRAIL-Triptolide + group and TRAIL + Triptolide + group were 100.0% ± 1.1%,81.2% ± 2.3%,78.6% ± 3.6%and 40.1% ± 2.5 %,and the relative expressions of PARP protein were 0.510 ± 0.028,0.720 ±0.072,1.250 ±0.023 and 2.560 ± 0.220,the relative expressions of Caspase-3 were 0.080 ± 0.004,0.080 ± 0.003,0.110 ±0.005 and 2.720 ± 0.003,and the relative expressions of Caspase-8 were 0.070 ± 0.003,0.080 ± 0.005,0.120 ±0.003 and 0.990 ± 0.006,with significant differences among the 4 groups (F =203.607,1 457.785,332 421.900,35 437.218,P < 0.05).The vitality of M iaPaca-2 cells in the TRAIL + Triptolide + group was significantly different from those in the blank control group,the TRAIL + Triptolide-group and the TRAIL-Triptolide + group (t =34.583,355.936,36.271,P < 0.05).The relative expression of PARP protein of MiaPaca-2 cells in the TRAIL+ Triptolide + group was significantly different from those in the blank control group,TRAIL+ Triptolidegroup and TRAIL-Triptolide + group (t =591.784,63.739,2 268.987,P < 0.05).The relative expression of Caspase-3 protein of the MiaPaca-2 cells in the TRAIL + Triptolide + group was significantly different from those in the blank control group,the TRAIL + Triptolide-group and theTRAIL-Triptolide + group (t =3 266.153,9 145.228,1 738.713,P <0.05).The relative expression of Caspase-8 protein of the MiaPaca-2 cells in the TRAIL+ Triptolide +group was significantly different from those in the blank control group,the TRAIL+ Triptolide-group and the TRAIL-Triptolide + group (t =663.953,l 432.878,327.584,P < 0.05).The vitality of caspase-8 in the TRAIL+ Triptolide+ group was 711.0% ± 5.1% before adding Z-IETD-FMK,and then the vitality of MiaPaca-2 cells and caspase-8 changed to 70.0% ± 4.8% and 73.0% ± 2.4%,with significant differences (t =17.956,55.027,P < 0.05).The relative expressions of Mcl-1 protein in the blank control group,the TRAIL + Triptolidegroup,the TRAIL Triptolide + group and the TRAIL + Triptolide + group were 1.68 ± 0.22,2.08 ± 0.11,0.73 ±0.15 and 0.58 ± 0.18,the relative expressions of Bcl-xL protein were 0.65 ± 0.03,0.47 ± 0.03,0.32 ± 0.03and 0.26 ±0.05,the relative expressions of Bcl-2 protein were 0.65 ± 0.03,0.67 ± 0.03,0.62 ± 0.05 and 0.67 ± 0.03,with significant difference among the 4 groups (F =55.178,88.683,3.411,P < 0.05).The relative expressions of Mcl-1 protein of the MiaPaca-2 cells in the TRAIL-Triptolide + group and the TRAIL+ Triptolide +group were significantly different from those of the blank control group (t =23.506,47.631,P < 0.05) and the TRAIL + Triptolide-group (t =58.457,37.115,P < 0.05).The relative expressions of Bcl-xL protein of the MiaPaca-2 cells in the TRAIL-Triptolide + group and the TRAIL + Triptolide + group were significantly different from those of the blank control group (t =38.105,42.219,P < 0.05) and the TRAIL + Triptolide-group (t =32.476,15.814,P < 0.05).The relative expressions of Bcl-2 protein in the TRAIL-Triptolide + group and the TRAIL+ Triptolide + group were not significantly different from those of the blank control group (t =4.724,1.732,P > 0.05) and the TRAIL + Triptolide-group (t =3.464,0.000,P > 0.05).(2) The vitalities of MiaPaca-2 cells of the TRAIL-Mcl-1 siRNA-group,TRAIL + Mcl-1 siRNA-group,the TRAIL-Mcl-1 siRNA + group and the TRAIL + Mcl-1 siRNA + group were 100.0% ± 2.2%,79.3% ± 1.8%,71.2% ± 3.2% and 37.3% ± 5.4%,the relative expressions of Caspase-8 protein were 0.100 ± 0.003,0.100 ± 0.005,0.100 ± 0.003 and 0.350 ±0.005,and the relative expressions of Caspase-3 protein were 0.020 ± 0.003,0.060 ± 0.003,0.020 ± 0.003 and 0.590 ±0.004,with significant differences among the 4 groups (F =136.681,2 717.391,44 471.429,P <0.05).The vitality of MiaPaca-2 cells of the TRAIL + Mcl-1 siRNA + group was significantly different from those in the TRAIL-Mcl-1 siRNA-group,the TRAIL + Mcl-1 siRNA-group and the TRAIL-Mcl-1 siRNA + group (t =33.937,20.207,26.689,P < 0.05).The relative expression of Caspase-8 protein of the TRAIL + Mcl-1 siRNA +group was significantly different from those in the TRAIL-Mcl-1 siRNA-group,the TRAIL + Mcl-1 siRNA-group and the TRAIL-Mcl-1 siRNA + group (t =216.506,433.013,144.338,P < 0.05).The relative expression of Caspase-3 protein of the TRAIL + Mcl-1 siRNA + group was significantly different from those in the TRAIL-Mcl-1 siRNA-group,the TRAIL + Mcl-1 siRNA-group and the TRAIL-Mcl-1 siRNA + group (t =329.09,458.993,987.269,P <0.05).The vitalities of MiaPaca-2 cells of the TRAIL-Bcl-xL siRNA-group,the TRAIL+ Bcl-xL siRNA-group,the TRAIL-Bcl-xL siRNA + group and the TRAIL+ Bcl-xL siRNA + group were 100.0% ± 2.3%,87.2% ± 4.1%,74.1 ± 3.7% and 56.3% ± 5.4%,and the relative expressions of Caspase-3 protein were 0.060 ±0.004,0.070 ± 0.003,0.060 ± 0.004 and 0.390 ± 0.003,with significant differences among the 4 groups (F =70.074,4 643.478,P < 0.05).The vitality of MiaPaca-2 cells of the TRAIL + Bcl-xL siRNA + group was significantly different from those in the TRAIL-Bcl-xL siRNA-group,the TRAIL+ Bcl-xL siRNA-group and the TRAIL-Bcl-xL siRNA + group (t =24.416,41.170,18.136,P < 0.05).The relative expression of Caspase-3 protein of the TRAIL + Bcl-xL siRNA + group was significantly different from those in the TRAIL-Mcl-1 siRNA-group,the TRAIL + Mcl-1 siRNA-group and the TRAIL-Mcl-1 siRNA + group (t =285.788,554.256,190.526,P < 0.05).Conclusion Triptolide could induce the apoptosis of MiaPaca-2 cells by inhibiting the expressions of Mcl-1 and Bcl-xL,sensitizing TRAIL and activating Caspase-8 and Caspase-3.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-464814

ABSTRACT

We introduced Case based learning into traditional bilingual teaching, dividing the hepatobiliary surgery teaching into four phases: preview, introduction, group discussion and estimation after class . Through the classroom organization analysis of common cases of liver and gallbladder surgery, we took students as the main body, teacher as the guide, to complete the bilingual teaching. Auxiliary case based learning used in bilingual teaching of liver and gallbladder surgery practice is beneficial to improving the quality of bilingual teaching, and helps to cultivate the students' clinical thinking. However, there are still some deficiencies of the case aided bilingual teaching, which needs continuous improvement.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-482721

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the compressive strength of porcelain crown with Co-Cr,CAD/CAMpure titanium and CAD/CAM zirconia respectively.Methods:Metal models of simulating crown core of the ideal premolar were manufactured,digital data of the met-al model were obtained by CAD/CAMsystem,the basement crowns of Co-Cr,CAD/CAMpure titanium and CAD/CAMzirconia were respectively made(n =5),size of each crown was kept the same and the spcimens were set as group A,B and C respectively.Then masking porcelain and body porcelain were fired on basement crowns according to the instructions.The thickness of the porcelain was kept the same.All of the porcelain crowns were located on the Instron testing machine,the compression strength force values were measured.Data were statistically analysed by SPSS 1 3.0 software.The bonding surface of basement material and porcelain was observed by SEMafter compressive failure.Results:The compressive strength(N)of group A,B and C was 2 990 ±1 88,2 305 ±1 57,2 1 50 ± 1 31 ,A vs B or C,P 0.05.Conclusion:All the 3 base materials with porcelain crown satisfy the clinical require-ments.The compressive strength of Co-Cr porcelain crown is stronger than that of CAD/CAMpure titanium porcelain crown and CAD/CAMzirconia porcelain crown.

19.
Chinese Mental Health Journal ; (12): 812-816, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-479552

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the suicidality risk in major depressive disorder (MDD)patients with and without anxious characteristics,and analyze the risk factors of suicidality in MDD patients. Methods:This was a secondary analysis of the data from the Diagnostic Assessment Service for people with Bipolar Disorders in China (DASP),which was initiated by the Chinese Society of Psychiatry (CSP),from September 1,2010 to February 28, 201 1. Based on the anxious module and suicide module of Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (M. I. N. I),1 172 MDD patients were classified as suffering from anxious MDD (n=728,62. 1%)and non-anxious MDD(n=444,37. 9%). Logistic regression was employed to examine the risk factors of suicidality in MDD pa-tients. Results:Among the anxious MDD patients,331 (45. 5%)of them had suicidality risk. And 54(12. 2%)of non-anxious MDD patients had suicidality risk. Compare to the non-anxious group,the anxious MDD patients had significantly higher suicidality risk (P<0. 00 1 ). Logistic regression analysis showed that more frequent depressive episodes (OR=2. 07 ),depressive episodes with psychotic symptoms (OR=2. 0 1 ),comorbid with anxious charac-teristics (OR=3. 18)or melancholic characteristics (OR=2. 90)were associated with suicidality risk in patients with MDD. Conclusion:It indicates that the anxious MDD patients may have higher suicidality risk than non-anx-ious MDD patients,and more frequent depressive episodes,depressive episodes with psychotic symptoms,comorbid with anxious characteristics or melancholic characteristics may be risk factors of suicidality in patients with MDD.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-479534

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the risk factors of socio-demographic and clinical characteristics related to sui?cidal attempt in major depressive disorder (MDD) patients with anxious characteristics. Methods Based on the anxious module of Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI), a total of 728 anxious MDD patients from 13 major men?tal health centers in China were classified as suicidal and non-suicidal attempt groups. Further analyses regarding risk factors of suicidal attempt in anxious MDD patients were performed by the multivariate logistic regression analysis. Re?sults Among the 728 patients with anxious MDD analyzed, 135 (18.5%) of them had suicidal attempt and 593 (81.5%) had non-suicidal attempt. Compared to the non-suicidal attempt group, patients with suicidal attempt had significantly earlier age onset[(32.3 ± 11.9) vs. (35.3 ± 13.1)], more lifetime depression episodes (median:2 vs. 2), more number of ad?missions (median: 1 vs. 0), more frequent depressive episodes (14.8% vs. 7.4%), more atypical characteristics (25.9%vs.15.0%), more suicidal ideation (78.5%vs. 50.3%) and more antidepressant use (81.5%vs. 71.2%). Logistic regression analysis showed that number of admissions (OR=1.18, 95%CI:1.02~1.37), frequent depressive episodes (OR=2.10, 95%CI:1.14~3.68), depressive episodes with suicidal ideation (OR=3.55, 95%CI:2.28~5.54) were associated with suicidal at?tempt in MDD patients with anxious characteristics (P<0.05). Conclusions More number of admissions, more frequent depressive episodes, comorbid suicidal ideation may be risk factors of suicidal attempt in anxious MDD patients.

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