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1.
Journal of Environmental and Occupational Medicine ; (12): 318-322, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013440

ABSTRACT

Background With the aging of China's population, cognitive impairment in the elderly is receiving increasing public attention. Screening and intervention of people with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) are of great significance to prevent and reduce the occurrence of cognitive impairment. Objective To understand the prevalence and explore potential influencing factors of MCI in the elderly in Songjiang District, Shanghai, and to provide scientific basis for promoting early screening of cognitive impairment and precise intervention of MCI in the elderly in this area. Methods A cross-sectional study design was adopted. From August to October 2022, using multi-stage random sampling, 1800 elderly residents aged 60 years and above were screened for cognitive impairment in 6 neighborhood/village committees in 6 towns in Songjiang District. The survey questionnaires included a sociodemographic questionnaire, a health status and lifestyle questionnaire, the Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL), the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9), and the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE). Prevalence rates of MCI among the elderly by selected social demographic characteristics, health status, and lifestyle were estimated, and potential influencing factors of MCI were evaluated by binary logistic regression. Results A total of 209 elderly residents with MCI and 1591 healthy elderly residents were detected, and the prevalence of MCI in the elderly aged 60 and above was 11.6% in Songjiang District. Being physically active (OR=0.556, 95%CI: 0.399, 0.774) reduced the risk of MCI. Illiteracy (OR=1.810, 95%CI: 1.239, 2.644), primary school education level (OR=3.454, 95%CI: 2.342, 5.092), non-participation in social activities (OR=1.945, 95%CI: 1.360, 2.781), IADL damaged (OR=3.173, 95%CI: 2.137, 4.712), and depression (OR=1.957, 95%CI: 1.112, 3.443) increased the risk of MCI (P<0.05). Conclusion The prevalence of MCI among the elderly in Songjiang District is lower than the national average. Educational level, physical activity, participation in social activities, IADL, and depression may be the influencing factors of MCI in the elderly. It is recommended to carry out early screening, early detection, and early intervention for cognitive impairment in the elderly. Improving involvement in physical exercise and increasing participation in social activities are encouraged. Special attention should be paid to the needs of vulnerable groups such as low education level and disabled elderly during a community MCI intervention program.

2.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 489-498, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993117

ABSTRACT

Objective:To obtain the relative biological effectiveness (RBE) of DNA double strand breaks (DSB) clusters by tracing the mechanism of radiated DNA damage, and explore the relationship among the biological effectiveness of DNA damage, chromosomal aberrations and germ cell death.Methods:Taking low-energy electrons, protons, and α particles as the research objects, this study simulated the process that cell nuclei were exposed to particle radiation using a radiation-related physicochemical model. On the ground of the DSB density-based spatial clustering of applications with noise (DBSCAN) algorithm, the DSB cluster classification method was improved to weaken the connection between the DSBs and the random distribution assumptions of energy depositions during the simulation. In this manner, the DSB clusters can be much closer to a non-random distribution. Furthermore, this study obtained the yields of DSB clusters and proposed a method to calculate the RBE values of DSB clusters.Results:The calculated RBE value (12.29) of DSB clusters of 2 MeV α particles was similar to the experimental RBE values of chromosomal fragments (15.3±5.9) and cell survival (14.7±5.1).Conclusions:After high-LET ionizing radiation, unlike the single DSB, the RBE of DSB clusters was similar to that of chromosomal aberration and cell survival.

3.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 144-148, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931510

ABSTRACT

Objective:This study was aimed to explore the associations between the risk of dental fluorosis and the serum biomarkers of bone metabolism in children.Methods:A total of 502 children aged 7 - 12 years were selected by cluster sampling from 4 primary schools in Tongxu County, Kaifeng City, Henan Province from April to May 2017. Morning urine and fasting peripheral blood samples were collected from each participant. Urinary fluoride concentration was determined by fluoride ion selective electrode method. Serum calcium, phosphorus, alkaline phosphatase (ALP), bone-specific alkaline phosphatase (BALP), osteocalcin (OC), calcitonin (CT) and parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels were measured using an automatic biochemical analyzer. Dean method was used to evaluate the prevalence of dental fluorosis in children, and the participants were divided into dental fluorosis group ( n = 173) and control group ( n = 329) after being diagnosed by trained physicians for their dental fluorosis. The associations between the risk of dental fluorosis and the serum biomarkers of bone metabolism in children were analyzed by logistic regression. Results:The levels of serum phosphorus (mmol/L: 1.54 ± 0.19 vs 1.58 ± 0.21) and OC (ng/ml: 11.59 ± 5.22 vs 12.78 ± 5.88) in children in dental fluorosis group were significantly lower than those in children in control group ( P < 0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that serum OC level affected the risk of dental fluorosis [odds ratio ( OR) = 0.96, 95% confidence interval ( CI): 0.92 - 0.99, P < 0.05]. The relative contribution of the biomarkers of bone metabolism to the risk of dental fluorosis in descending order were serum OC (36.34%), phosphorus (25.89%), BALP (13.16%), PTH (9.73%), calcium (9.44%), CT (3.72%) and ALP (1.72%). Conclusions:The prevalence of dental fluorosis in children is related to the changes of serum biomarkers of bone metabolism. Serum OC plays an important role in the occurrence of dental fluorosis.

4.
The Korean Journal of Parasitology ; : 117-126, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927070

ABSTRACT

Cystatin, a cysteine protease inhibitor found in many parasites, plays important roles in immune evasion. This study analyzed the molecular characteristics of a cystatin from Fasciola hepatica (FhCystatin) and expressed recombinant FhCystatin (rFhcystatin) to investigate the immune modulatory effects on lipopolysaccharide-induced proliferation, migration, cytokine secretion, nitric oxide (NO) production, and apoptosis in mouse macrophages. The FhCystatin gene encoded 116 amino acids and contained a conserved cystatin-like domain. rFhCystatin significantly inhibited the activity of cathepsin B. rFhCystatin bound to the surface of mouse RAW264.7 cells, significantly inhibited cell proliferation and promoted apoptosis. Moreover, rFhCystatin inhibited the expression of cellular nitric oxide, interleukin-6, and tumor necrosis factor-α, and promoted the expression of transforming growth factor-β and interleukin-10. These results showed that FhCystatin played an important role in regulating the activity of mouse macrophages. Our findings provide new insights into mechanisms underlying the immune evasion and contribute to the exploration of potential targets for the development of new drug to control F. hepatica infection.

5.
Journal of Veterinary Science ; : e50-2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-901432

ABSTRACT

Background@#Bovine papillomatosis is a type of proliferative tumor disease of skin and mucosae caused by bovine papillomavirus (BPV). As a transboundary and emerging disease in cattle, it poses a potential threat to the dairy industry. @*Objectives@#The aim of this study is to detect and clarify the genetic diversity of BPV circulating in dairy cows in Xinjiang, China. @*Methods@#122 papilloma skin lesions from 8 intensive dairy farms located in different regions of Xinjiang, China were detected by polymerase chain reaction. The genetic evolution relationships of various types of BPVs were analyzed by examining this phylogenetic tree. @*Results@#Ten genotypes of BPV (BPV1, BPV2, BPV3, BPV6, BPV7, BPV8, BPV10, BPV11, BPV13, and BPV14) were detected and identified in dairy cows. These were the first reported detections of BPV13 and BPV14 in Xinjiang, Mixed infections were detected, and there were geographical differences in the distribution of the BPV genotypes. Notably, the BPV infection rate among young cattle (< 1-year-old) developed from the same supply of frozen sperm was higher than that of the other young cows naturally raised under the same environmental conditions. @*Conclusions@#Genotyping based on the L1 gene of BPV showed that BPVs circulating in Xinjiang China displayed substantial genetic diversity. This study provided valuable data at the molecular epidemiology level, which is conducive to developing deep insights into the genetic diversity and pathogenic characteristics of BPVs in dairy cows.

6.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Practice ; (6): 138-142, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875674

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the role of vestibular organs on stress analgesia induced by rotation in mice. Methods Female mice were randomly divided into morphine group and rotation group. After 15 minutes of intraperitoneal injection of naloxone or normal saline, the hot plate latency of mice in each group was observed following morphine injection or rotation (250 r/min, 15 s on with 5 s off). After subcutaneous injecting morphine for 7 consecutive days, tolerance was formed and the hot plate latency in morphine-tolerant mice after rotation was observed. P-aminophenylarsonic acid was injected into the inner ear to damage the vestibular organs of the mice and the hot plate latency was observed in chemically labyrinthectomy mice. Results Compared with the normal saline group, the hot plate latency of mice in the naloxone group did not change significantly after rotation (P>0.05), and the hot plate latency decreased significantly after subcutaneous injection of morphine (P<0.05). The morphine-tolerant mice had no significant change in the hot plate latency after rotation compared with the normal saline group (P>0.05). After injection of p-aminophenylarsonic acid into the inner ear, the recovery time of the righting reflex in mice was significantly increased, and the swimming ability was significantly reduced (P<0.05), and the hot plate latency of mice with chemical labyrinthectomy was significantly shortened after rotation (P<0.05). Conclusion Chemical labyrinthectomy completely blocked the rotation-induced stress analgesia in mice. Vestibular organs play an important role in rotation-induced stress analgesia, and this stress analgesia may be mediated by a non-opioid system.

7.
Journal of Veterinary Science ; : e50-2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-893728

ABSTRACT

Background@#Bovine papillomatosis is a type of proliferative tumor disease of skin and mucosae caused by bovine papillomavirus (BPV). As a transboundary and emerging disease in cattle, it poses a potential threat to the dairy industry. @*Objectives@#The aim of this study is to detect and clarify the genetic diversity of BPV circulating in dairy cows in Xinjiang, China. @*Methods@#122 papilloma skin lesions from 8 intensive dairy farms located in different regions of Xinjiang, China were detected by polymerase chain reaction. The genetic evolution relationships of various types of BPVs were analyzed by examining this phylogenetic tree. @*Results@#Ten genotypes of BPV (BPV1, BPV2, BPV3, BPV6, BPV7, BPV8, BPV10, BPV11, BPV13, and BPV14) were detected and identified in dairy cows. These were the first reported detections of BPV13 and BPV14 in Xinjiang, Mixed infections were detected, and there were geographical differences in the distribution of the BPV genotypes. Notably, the BPV infection rate among young cattle (< 1-year-old) developed from the same supply of frozen sperm was higher than that of the other young cows naturally raised under the same environmental conditions. @*Conclusions@#Genotyping based on the L1 gene of BPV showed that BPVs circulating in Xinjiang China displayed substantial genetic diversity. This study provided valuable data at the molecular epidemiology level, which is conducive to developing deep insights into the genetic diversity and pathogenic characteristics of BPVs in dairy cows.

8.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 27-31, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867472

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between cervical curvature (CC) and spinal drift distance after laminectomy with lateral mass screw fixation and the influence on the operative effect.Methods:From October 2016 to December 2017, a total of 85 patients with cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) underwent laminectomy with lateral mass screw fixation in handan central hospital, and 78 patients were followed up completely.After the operation, according to the Harrison method, they were divided into 2 groups(Group A (43 cases, 0°≤CC≤16.5°); Group B (35 cases, CC>16.5°)). The spinal drift distance, nerve recovery, axial symptoms and C5 palsy in the groups were recorded and analyzed.Results:The CC was 8.5°±3.8° in group A and 19.6°±3.0° in group B ( t=14.071, P=0.000). The laminectomy width in group A was (22.1±1.7) mm, in group B was (21.8±1.5) mm, the difference between the two groups was not statistically significant ( P>0.05). The distance of spinal cord backward movement was (1.7±0.4) mm in group A and (3.2±0.7) mm in group B. There was significant difference between the two groups ( t=11.879, P<0.001). At the end of one year, the improvement rates of nerve function in the two groups were (63.3±13.1)% and (65.1±13.9)% respectively, there was no significant difference between the two groups ( t=0.587, P=0.559). The VAS score of group A was (5.2±1.3) at one week and (3.5±0.6) at one month after operation, and that of group B was (3.8±0.8) and (2.4±0.4) respectively.There were statistically significant differences between groups at different time points ( t=5.567, P<0.001; t=9.289, P<0.001). The incidence of C5 paralysis was 7.0% (3/43) in group A and 11.4% (4/35) in group B. There was no significant difference between the two groups ( P>0.05). Conclusion:The greater the curvature of cervical spine is, the more fully the spinal cord moves backward.The loss of curvature of cervical spine is related to the occurrence of axial symptoms.The curvature of cervical spine is not related to the recovery of nerve function and the occurrence of C5 nerve paralysis.

9.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 27-31, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799220

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the relationship between cervical curvature (CC) and spinal drift distance after laminectomy with lateral mass screw fixation and the influence on the operative effect.@*Methods@#From October 2016 to December 2017, a total of 85 patients with cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) underwent laminectomy with lateral mass screw fixation in handan central hospital, and 78 patients were followed up completely.After the operation, according to the Harrison method, they were divided into 2 groups(Group A (43 cases, 0°≤CC≤16.5°); Group B (35 cases, CC>16.5°)). The spinal drift distance, nerve recovery, axial symptoms and C5 palsy in the groups were recorded and analyzed.@*Results@#The CC was 8.5°±3.8° in group A and 19.6°±3.0° in group B (t=14.071, P=0.000). The laminectomy width in group A was (22.1±1.7) mm, in group B was (21.8±1.5) mm, the difference between the two groups was not statistically significant (P>0.05). The distance of spinal cord backward movement was (1.7±0.4) mm in group A and (3.2±0.7) mm in group B. There was significant difference between the two groups (t=11.879, P<0.001). At the end of one year, the improvement rates of nerve function in the two groups were (63.3±13.1)% and (65.1±13.9)% respectively, there was no significant difference between the two groups (t=0.587, P=0.559). The VAS score of group A was (5.2±1.3) at one week and (3.5±0.6) at one month after operation, and that of group B was (3.8±0.8) and (2.4±0.4) respectively.There were statistically significant differences between groups at different time points (t=5.567, P<0.001; t=9.289, P<0.001). The incidence of C5 paralysis was 7.0% (3/43) in group A and 11.4% (4/35) in group B. There was no significant difference between the two groups (P>0.05).@*Conclusion@#The greater the curvature of cervical spine is, the more fully the spinal cord moves backward.The loss of curvature of cervical spine is related to the occurrence of axial symptoms.The curvature of cervical spine is not related to the recovery of nerve function and the occurrence of C5 nerve paralysis.

10.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 49-51, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-735053

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate whether the preoperative nutritional risk index(NRI) can predict the clinical out-comes of the patients underwent homologous orthotopic heart transplantation after 4 weeks.Methods With the use of continu-ous sampling method, a total of 168 adult patients who underwent homologous orthotopic heart transplantation from March 2013 to March 2015 were enrolled in this study.According to the cut-off points of the NRI, the patients were divided into 4 groups (high, moderate, mild and no nutritional risk).4 weeks after transplantation, the data about the length of stay in ICU, infec-tive and non-infective complications were collected , and the predictive value of the preoperative NRI for the clinical outcomes of the patients underwent homologous orthotopic heart transplantation were evaluated after 4 weeks of operation.In addition, the enrolled patients were divided into 2 groups according to their nutritional risk(with or without), and the differences between the two groups were compared.Results Among the patients, the prevalence of high, moderate, and low nutritional risk was 7. 1%, 32.7% and 9.5%, respectively.The prevalence of infective complications for the 4 groups(from high risk to no risk) was 16.7%、7.3%、6.3% and 3.5%, and the corresponding prevalence of non-infective complications was 16.7%、9.1%、6.3% and 2.4%, respectively.In addition, the length of ICU stay of the 4 group was(10.9 ±1.0)days,(7.8 ±0.5)days, (6.7 ±0.7)days and(5.9 ±0.6)days, respectively.There were significant differences of length of ICU stay, infective and non-infective complications among the 4 groups(P<0.05 for all).Totally, there were significant differences of clinical out-comes between patients with and without nutritional risk(P <0.05 for all).Conclusion Preoperative NRI can predict the clinical outcomes regarding infective and no-infective complications as well as length of ICU stay for the adult patients under-went homologous orthotopic heart transplantation .

11.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 414-417, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744889

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the changes of electrocardiogram in elderly patients with acute cerebral ischemic infarction (CIS),and to analyze the relationship between the electrocardiogram and the prognosis of the patients.Methods 132 elderly patients with acute CIS in the hospital from January 2013 to December 2016 were enrolled.12 lead electrocardiogram was performed within 48 hours after onset and 7 days after onset,and the relationship between electrocardiogram abnormality and infarct type,severity,and prognosis were analyzed.The independent predictors of poor prognosis based on improved Rankin's score at discharge were evaluated.Results 83 cases (62.88%) had abnormal electrocardiogram.The main type of abnormal electrocardiogram was S-T segment abnormalities,followed by arrhythmia.The severity of illness in patients with abnormal electrocardiogram were significantly more serious than in those who did not detect abnormal electrocardiogram (P < 0.05).The severity of illness in patients detected abnormal electrocardiogram over 2 times were significantly more serious than in those who detected abnormal electrocardiogram only within 48 hours after onset or 7 days after onset (P < 0.05).Shorter time from onset to admission,complete anterior circulation infarction according to Oxfordshire Community Stroke Project (OCSP)classification,abnormal electrocardiogram (> 2 times) were independent risk factors for poor prognosis at discharge (P < 0.05).Conclusions Electrocardiogram abnormity is common in elderly patients with CIS,and abnormal electrocardiogram detected over 2 times may indicate poor prognosis,which will benefit for the treatment schemes of patients.

12.
World Science and Technology-Modernization of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 1590-1595, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-752093

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the anti-inflammatory immune mechanism in moxibustion treatment of Crohn.s disease (CD) from the perspective of c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) signaling pathway, through observing the regulatory effect ofmoxibustion on colonic JNK, c-Jun, monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 (MCP-1) and cyclooxygenase 2 (COX2) in CDmodel rats. Method: Male Sprague-Dawley rats of clean grade were randomized into a normal group, a model group, amoxibustion group and a sham moxibustion group. CD model was developed by the mixture of 2, 4, 6 Trinitro-benzene-sulfonic acid (TNBS) and ethanol via enema. Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining was used to observe the morphologicalchanges in rat.s colon tissues for pathological scoring; enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to detectthe contents of MCP-1, COX2, JNK, and c-Jun in colon tissues; real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR was adopted toexamine the mRNA expressions of JNK and c-Jun in rat.s colon. Result: Compared with the normal group, the modelgroup showed more significant colonic damage and thus had a higher colonic damage score (P < 0.01), manifested astopical inflammation which involved the submucosa, fissuring ulcers and granuloma; the model group also showedincreased contents of protein MCP-1 and COX2, and elevated contents of JNK protein and mRNA in colon (all P < 0.05), while the change in the content of c-Jun was insignificant (all P> 0.05) . Compared with the model group and shammoxibustion group, the colonic damage score was lower in the moxibustion group (P < 0.01, P < 0.05), with improvementin colonic structure and inflammation; the contents of MCP-1 and COX2 in colon tissues declined, so did the proteincontent and mRNA expression of JNK (all P < 0.05), while the change in the content of c-Jun was insignificant (all P>0.05) . There were no significant differences between the model group and sham moxibustion group comparing all theindexes (all P> 0.05) . Conclusion: Moxibustion down-regulates the expressions of JNK protein and mRNA in CD rat.scolon, as well as the contents of MCP-1 and COX2 in colon tissues, which is possibly one significant mechanism formoxibustion to ease intestinal inflammation and promote the repair of colon tissues in CD.

13.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 144-148, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710514

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the expression of calreticulin (CRT) in gallbladder cancer tissue and its effect on the biological behavior in gallbladder cancer GBC-SD cells.Methods Immunohistochemistry and RT-qPCR were applied to detect the expression of CRT.Small interfering RNA was transfected into gallbladder cancer GBC-SD cells and Western blotting were used to detect the expression of CRT.The proliferation was determined by using cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) and clone assays.Flow cytometry were applied to detect the apoptosis and cell cycle.Migration was detected by wound healing and transwell assays,respectively.The expression of p-Akt and MMP-9 were detected by using Western blotting.Results Expression of CRT in gallbladder cancer tissues is higher than adjacent cancer tissues and chronic cholecystitis tissues(t =5.571,P < 0.05).The relative growth rate in the siCRT-1,siCRT-2 experimental group for 24 hours,48 hourrs were 71.5% ±6.3%,79.5% ±2.7%;62.6% ± 8.8%,55.6% ±2.6%,respectively.The apoptosis rate in the blank group,the negative control group,siCRT-1 and siCRT-2 group were 3.0% ± 1.8%,4.7% ± 1.3%,13.6% ± 1.0%,20.0% ± 4.0%,respectively.Wound healing assays showed that the wound closure ratio in the blank group,negative control group,siCRT-1 and siCRT-2 group were(0.67 ±0.02),(0.58 ±0.02),(0.22 ±0.01),(0.37 ±0.04),respectively.Transwell experiments showed that the numbers of migration of GBC-SD cells in the blank group,negative control group,siCRT-1 and siCRT-2 group were (302 ± 11),(297 ± 15),(178 ± 10),(165 ± 12),respectively,compared with the blank group and the negative control group,the relative growth rate for 24 hours and 48 hours was significantly lower,the apoptosis rate was higher,the numbers of migration was lower (F =29.310,118.618,69.651,144.515,190.145,P < 0.05).Compared with the blank group and the negative control group,the expression of p-Akt and MMP-9 decreased after down-regulating the expression of CRT.Conclusions The expression of CRT in gallbladder cancer tissue was higher.CRT downregulation mediated changes of biological behaviors in gallbladder cancer may be associated with p-Akt/MMP-9 signal pathway.

14.
Recent Advances in Ophthalmology ; (6): 125-128, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-509954

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the expression of NOD-like receptor pyrin domain-3 (NLRP3) inflammasome and interleukin-1 beta (IL-1b) in pterygium and normal conjunctiva specimens,and clarify the role of NLRP3 in the development of pterygium.Methods Specimens from 20 cases of pterygium and 6 cases of normal eonjunctival were analyzed for establishing the expression of NLRP3 and IL-1b by immune-histochemistry.The level of caspase-1 and pro-caspase-1 protein were analyzed by Westernblot,gene expression of interleukin-18 (IL-18) was detected by RT-PCR.Results NLRP3 was not expressed in normal conjunctival epithelial cells,but was positive in the basal part of pterygium;IL-1was not expressed in normal conjunctival tissues,but was positive in pterygium.There was no significant difference about the expression of Procaspase-1 in normal conjunctiva and pterygium (P > 0.05),However,caspase-1,also known as the active form of pro-caspase-1 expressed in pterygiun was higher than that in normal conjunctiva(P < 0.05).The average level of IL-18 in 20 cases of pterygium was significantly higher than that in normal conjunctiva (P < 0.05).Conclusion After NLRP3 signaling pathway activating in pterygium tissue,caspase-1,IL-1β and IL-18 are high expression abnormally,suggest that NLRP3 inflammasome and the related signaling pathways may play a role in the progression of pterygium.

15.
Journal of Acupuncture and Tuina Science ; (6): 320-327, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-503856

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observethe influence of electroacupuncture (EA) on histomorphologies of lacrimal glands, cornea and conjunctiva in experimental dry eye syndrome, and to explore the repair effects of EA on lacrimal glands and ocular surface damage. Methods:Twenty-four healthy male New Zealand rabbits were randomly divided into a normal group, a model group, an EA group and a medication group, 6 rabbits in each group. Experimental dry eye syndrome models were prepared in rabbits by using 0.1% benzalkonium chloride for eye drops. Tear secretion volume, break-up time of tear film (BUT) and corneal fluorescein staining score were observed before and after the treatment. Periodic acid Schiff (PAS) staining method was used to observe the changes of conjunctival goblet cells in rabbits. After hematoxylin eosin (HE) staining, morphological changes of rabbit cornea, conjunctiva and lacrimal gland tissues were observed under light microscope. Results: Compared with the normal group, tear secretion volume and BUT were significantly reduced (bothP<0.01), while the corneal fluorescein staining score was significantly increased (P<0.01) in the model group. Compared with the model group, tear secretion volume and BUT were significantly increased, while the corneal fluorescein staining score was significantly decreased in the EA group and the medication group (allP<0.01). Compared with the normal group, the number of conjunctival goblet cells in the model group was significantly reduced; compared with the model group, the numbers of conjunctival goblet cells were all relatively higher in the EA group and the medication group. Pathological lesions of cornea, conjunctiva and lacrimal glands all showed improvement by HE staining in the EA group and the medication group after the intervention. Conclusion:EA can improve tear secretion and tear film stability of rabbit dry eye syndrome, and repair the pathologic lesions of conjunctival goblet cells, corneal epithelia, cornea, conjunctiva and lacrimal glands.

16.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Oncology ; (24): 735-738, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-496047

ABSTRACT

Hilar cholangiocarcinoma is a rare biliary malignant tumor derived from the biliary epithelial cell. The primary current treat-ments for hilar cholangiocarcinoma include surgery and chemotherapy, as well as radiation and photodynamic therapies (PDT). A com-plete resection with negative margins is the only treatment with the potential for cure and the only way to maximize survival. Howev-er, over half of the patients in the advanced stage of hilar cholangiocarcinoma lost the chance for surgery. Radiotherapy and chemo-therapy can prolong patient survival;however, these lack reliable data. Most patients who cannot be treated surgically undergo biliary stenting to relieve the biliary obstruction. The PDT is a new method to treat various malignant tumors. Several clinical studies have shown its local tumor ablation capability. Thus, PDT has broad application prospects in the treatment of unresectable hilar cholangio-carcinoma.

17.
China Pharmacist ; (12): 1194-1195, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-494905

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish a method to determine ferrous succinate in ferrous succinate tablets .Methods:Ion chromatog-raphy was performed on an IonPac AG19(4 mm ×250 mm)anion exchange chromatography column with a guard column of Ion Pac TM AG19( 4 mm ×50 mm);30.00 mmol· L-1 KOH was used as the isocratic eluent at a flow rate of 1.00 ml· min-1 with suppressed conductivity detection ( Curb:75 mA) at the temperature of 30℃.The sample size was 25 μl .Results:The linear range of succinic acid was 2.005 1-25.064 0μg· ml-1(r=0.999 5).The detection limit and quantitation limit was 0.12ng and 0.42ng, respectively. The recovery was 101.45%(RSD=0.43%, n=6).Conclusion:The method is simple, rapid, accurate, reproducible and sensitive , and can be used to determine the ferrous succinate content in ferrous succinate tablets .

18.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 4006-4012, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-492616

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Researches showed that the enriched environment could improve the cognitive dysfunction of rats with vascular dementia. However, there are few reports regarding its mechanism of action. OBJECTIVE:To explore the effect of enriched environment on the cognitive dysfunction of rats with vascular dementia from the behavioral level. METHODS:Vascular dementia models weremade by permanent ligation of bilateral common carotid arteries and were divided into vascular dementia group (n=8) and enriched environment group (n=12). Vascular dementia group was taken care under conventional breeding environment for 30 days, while the enriched environment group was subjected to the enriched environment for 30 days. Morris water maze test was adapted to test the cognitive function of rats between two groups. Immunohistochemistry and immunoblotting were applied to observe the number ofDCX+cels and DCX protein level in both groups. The number of DCX-labeled cels co-expressing NeuN was observed using immunofluorescence technique. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:(1) The escape latency in the vascular dementia group was longer than that in the enriched environment group (P< 0.05). The times across the platform was less in the vascular dementia group than that in the enriched environment group (P< 0.05). (2) In comparison with the enriched environment group, the number of DCX-positive cels andits protein level in the piriform cortex were significantly decreased in the vascular dementia group (P< 0.05). (3) The number of DCX/NeuN co-labeled cels in the piriform cortex was significantly less in the vascular dementia group than in the enriched environment group (P< 0.05). (4) These findings suggested that enriched environment could improve the cognitive dysfunction of rats with vascular dementia through promoting the expression and differentiation of the immature neurons.

19.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Practice ; (6): 327-329, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-790622

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the physical dependence of total Ervatamia yunnansis alkaloid .Methods The physi-cal dependence of total Ervatamia yunnansis alkaloid was observed by jump test in mice and spontaneous withdrawal test in rats .Results In the jump test ,after injecting total Ervatamia yunnansis alkaloid (total dosage of 140 and 430 mg/kg) for 7 days continuously ,the mice didn't show any withdrawal symptom and the loss of body weight .In the spontaneous withdrawal test ,two dosages of total Ervatamia yunnansis alkaloid (total dosage of 210 and 775 mg/kg) were continuously given for 30 days .The withdrawal response and the loss of body weight were not found in rats after drug withdrawal .Conclusion Total Ervatamia yunnansis alkaloid showed no obvious withdrawal symptoms in mice and rats ,which suggests that it has no physical dependence .

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Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1637-44, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-505077

ABSTRACT

This study was designed to use iTRAQ technology coupled with 2D LC-MS/MS to study the comparative proteomics of different processing technology for pilose antler. 1015 proteins were identified with 2D LC combined with MOLDI TOF/TOF mass spectrometry. Comparative analysis with Protein Pilot (Version 4.5) revealed that 87 proteins were changed (P ≤ 0.05, the ratio of > 1.50 or < 0.60 as the threshold selection of difference proteins), of which 24 were up regulated and 33 were down regulated in the traditional frying process (TFP) compared with the fresh pilose antler (P ≤ 0.05). 7 significant different proteins (P ≤ 0.001), most of these significantly changed proteins were found to be involved in calcium ion binding and ATP binding associated with human healthy. Freeze drying with protective agent (FDP) (Trehalose) can improve the content of significantly different proteins (P ≤ 0.001) including Collagen alpha-1 (XII) chain (COL12A1) and Collagen alpha-1 (II) chain (COL2A1). The significant function involves in platelets activating, maintenance of spermatogonium, and disorder expression in tumor cells. The functional annotation by Hierarchical clustering and GO (gene ontology) showed that the main molecule functions of the proteins significantly changed in these processes were involved in binding (52.7%), catalytic (25.3%), structural molecule and transporter (6.6%).

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