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1.
Chinese Pediatric Emergency Medicine ; (12): 561-565, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990560

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the difference of clinical characteristics and outcomes of infants with moderate and severe pediatric acute respiratory distress syndrome(PARDS)diagnosed according to baseline oxygenation index(OI) in pediatric intensive care unit(PICU).Methods:Second analysis of the data collected from the "Efficacy of pulmonary surfactant (PS) in the treatment of children with moderate and severe ARDS" program.Retrospectively compare of the differences in clinical data such as general condition, underlying diseases, OI, mechanical ventilation, PS administration and outcomes among infants with moderate and severe PARDS divided by baseline OI who admitted to PICUs at 14 participating tertiary hospitals from 2016 to December 2021.Results:Among the 101 cases, 55 cases (54.5%) were moderate and 46 cases (45.5%) were severe PARDS.The proportion of male in the severe group (50.0% vs.72.7%, P=0.019) and the pediatric critical illness score(PCIS)[72 (68, 78) vs.76 (70, 80), P=0.019] were significantly lower than those in the moderate group, while there was no significant difference regarding age, body weight, etiology of PARDS and underlying diseases.The utilization rate of high-frequency ventilator in the severe group was significantly higher than that in the moderate group (34.8% vs.10.9%, P=0.004), but there was no significant difference in PS use, fluid load and pulmonary complications.The 24 h OI improvement (0.26±0.33 vs.0.04±0.34, P=0.001) and the 72 h OI improvement[0.34 (-0.04, 0.62) vs.0.15 (-0.14, 0.42), P=0.029)]in the severe group were significantly better than those in the moderate group, but there was no significant difference regarding mortality, length of hospital stay and intubation duration after diagnosis of PARDS between the two groups. Conclusion:In moderate and severe(divided by baseline OI) PARDS infants with invasive mechanical ventilation, children in severe group have better oxygenation improvement in the early stage after PARDS identified and are more likely to receive high frequency ventilation compared to those in moderate group.Baseline OI can not sensitively distinguish the outcomes and is not an ideal index for PARDS grading of this kind of patient.

2.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1832-1838, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007517

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Measuring the health of the population is of great significance to the development of a region. We aimed to estimate the population, probability of death, and quality of life in western China.@*METHODS@#We calculated the age-specific mortality rate and prevalence rate of diseases and injuries using the Full Population Database and the Home Page of Inpatient Medical Record. We used multiple interpolation methods to insert missing information from the death data and the model of Kannisto to adjust the mortality rate for elderly individuals. The age-specific prevalence rate of diseases and injuries was adjusted according to the standard ratio of age and methods of equal proportional allocation. Life expectancy was calculated by a life table, and the quality of life was estimated using the Sullivan method.@*RESULTS@#The total population continued to increase in 2015 to 2019 in the Shaanxi Province, China. The mortality rate of children under five has improved, and the mortality rate of people over 65 is decreasing year by year. Life expectancy increased from 74.66 years in 2015 to 77.19 years in 2019. Even with the total risk of disease and injury, the health-adjusted life expectancy increased by 1.90 years within 5 years, and the number of unhealthy years significantly improved. Health-adjusted life expectancy increased by 1.75 years when only considered the ten major disease systems (tumors; endocrinology, nutrition and metabolism; mental and behavioral disorders; nervous system; sensory diseases; circulatory system; respiratory system; digestive system; genitourinary system; musculoskeletal system and connective tissue), and the number of unhealthy years increased slightly.@*CONCLUSIONS@#In the past five years, Shaanxi Province has made progress in improving life expectancy and controlling the development of chronic diseases. It is necessary to take specific preventive measures and improve the quality of basic public health services.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Aged , Cross-Sectional Studies , Quality of Life , Life Expectancy , China/epidemiology , Prevalence
3.
Journal of Environmental and Occupational Medicine ; (12): 871-876, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984237

ABSTRACT

Background Few studies have investigated the association between air pollution and arterial stiffness in Chinese population, and the findings are inconsistent. The problem of multicollinearity exists when modeling multiple air pollutants simultaneously. Objective To investigate potential association between air quality index (AQI) and population brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) in Beijing. Methods This study retrieved medical examination data of 2971 participants from the Beijing Health Management Cohort, who were under 60 years old and not yet retired, from January 1, 2015 to December 31, 2019. The most recent medical examination data available were utilized for this analysis. AQI data from 35 air pollution monitoring sites in Beijing and meteorological data (including atmospheric pressure, air temperature, wind speed, and relative humidity) from 16 meteorological monitoring stations from January 1, 2014 to December 31, 2019 were collected. An average AQI exposure level for 365 d before the date of physical examination for each participant was computed using inverse distance weighting. Multiple linear regression analysis was employed to investigate the relationship between AQI and baPWV in Beijing, after adjusting for confounding variables including age, gender, body mass index, mean arterial pressure, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, triglycerides, fasting blood glucose, atmospheric pressure, temperature, wind speed, relative humidity, medication history of diabetes, medication history of hypertension, cardiovascular disease, education, smoking status, drinking status, and physical activity intensity. Subgroup analysis was performed by age, sex, presence of diabetes, and presence of hypertension. Results AQI demonstrated an overall decreasing trend during the study period and was lower in the northern regions and higher in the southern regions of Beijing. After adjusting the confounding variables, each 10 unit increase in AQI was associated with 6.18 (95%CI: 1.25, 11.10) cm·s−1 increase in baPWV in all participants, 8.05 (95%CI: 2.32, 13.79) cm·s−1 increase in the participants <50 years, 15.82 (95%CI: 8.33, 23.31) cm·s−1 increase in the female group, 10.10 (95%CI: 4.66, 15.55) cm·s−1 increase in the participants without diabetes, and 9.41 (95%CI: 4.21, 14.62) cm·s−1 increase in the participants without hypertension. However, there was no statistically significant association observed between AQI and baPWV in the age group ≥50 years, the male group, the diabetic group, and the hypertensive group (P>0.05). Conclusion An increase in long-term AQI levels is associated with an elevation in the degree of arterial stiffness. Individuals under 50 years old, females, without hypertension or diabetes are susceptible populations to arterial stiffness when being exposed to air pollution. Improving air quality may contribute to prevent arterial stiffness.

4.
Chinese Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation ; (12): 1100-1104, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933942

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe any effect of intermittent theta burst stimulation (iTBS) of the cerebellum on swallowing dysfunction after cerebellar infarction, and to explore its mechanism.Methods:Sixty-two cerebellar stroke survivors with dysphagia were randomly divided into an observation group and a control group, each of 29. In addition to the routine swallowing rehabilitation training, the observation group was treated with iTBS, while the control group was given sham iTBS. The incubation and amplitude of the bilateral suprahyoid muscle motor evoked potential (MEP) were recorded before and after 4 weeks of treatment. The exponential approximate entropy (ApEn) of different brain regions was compared between the two groups during reflex and autonomous swallowing. Swallowing function was evaluated using the penetration-aspiration scale (PAS).Results:MEP incubation in the bilateral suprahyoid muscles had decreased significantly after 4 weeks of treatment in the observation group, and the MEP amplitude in the bilateral suprahyoid muscles of the two groups had increased significantly. The average improvement in the amplitude and incubation in the observation group was significantly greater than in the control group. The average ApEn at C3, C4, P3, P4, T5 and T6 had increased significantly in both groups during both reflex and spontaneous swallowing, with the improvement in the observation group significantly greater. Swallowing function had improved significantly in both groups, but the average PAS grade of the observation group was again significantly better.Conclusions:iTBS can improve the swallowing function of dysphagic cerebellar stroke survivors. This may be due to iTBS improving the excitability of the cerebral cortex and improving motor control of the swallowing muscles.

5.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 1305-1309, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904714

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To explore the application value of synchronous CT-guided percutaneous biopsy followed by radiofrequency ablation in the diagnosis and treatment of lung tumors. Methods    The clinical data of 21 patients with lung tumors were retrospectively analyzed. There were 8 males and 13 females aged 68 (51, 73) years. A total of 24 lesions underwent CT-guided percutaneous biopsy and concurrent radiofrequency ablation. The effectiveness and safety of this protocol were analyzed. Results    All 21 patients successfully completed the procedures. The diameter of 24 lesions was 17.0 (13.3, 19.0) mm. Biopsy specimens met the requirements of pathological diagnosis, and the effectiveness of specimens was 100.0%. The incidence of small amount of pneumothorax/pleural shrinkage after procedures was 19.0% (4/21) and the incidence of tension pneumothorax was 4.7% (1/21). There was no obvious bleeding or other complications. Conclusion    Synchronous CT-guided percutaneous biopsy followed by radiofrequency ablation combines two interventional techniques, which is safe and effective in the diagnosis and treatment of lung tumors, and it is worthy of popularization and application in clinic.

6.
Chinese Journal of Health Management ; (6): 332-338, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806290

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evalate the effectiveness and suitability of a wearable health monitoring device for community-based management of hypertension.@*Methods@#In December 2015, 400 patients with hypertension were enrolled from Beijing, Chaoyang. Subjects were divided into an experimental group (220 cases) and control group (180 cases), and baseline data were collected. The control group received follow-up with general planning while the experimental group received wearable health devices. Follow-up was performed three times using a questionnaire (April, August, and December 2016), and medical staff provided feedback and guidance. The experimental group was also classified according to risk factors and intervention measures were individually designed, and included monitor and medication compliance, self-management ability, and social support. Communication between patients and medical staff was recorded to form a case system. Evaluation indexes included accuracy and reliability, blood pressure management efficacy, behavior intervention efficacy, satisfaction, and disease burden. A t-test, non-parametric test, and chi-square test were used to compare the experimental and control groups before and after intervention.@*Results@#At 1-year follow-up, after correcting for differences in baseline information between the two groups, statistically significant differences in numerical indexes were observed for number of visits within 1 month [1(1) vs. 1(1), Z=5.42], payment within 1 month [85(141) yuan vs. 40(70) yuan, Z=-2.66], visiting time [20(20) min vs. 20(15) min, Z=-2.82], exercise times [4.79(2.24) times/week vs. 4.09(2.00) times/week, Z=9.27], medication compliance score [7.33(5.77) vs. 8.70(5.24), Z=6.86], satisfaction [9.27(0.08) vs. 8.88(0.10), Z=11.77], diastolic pressure [(78.93±0.56) mmHg vs. (81.32±0.61)mmHg, F=8.70] (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa), and body mass index [(25.55±0.27) kg/m2 vs. (27.74±0.43) kg/m2, F=-2.24]. In addition, classification indexes adjusted for normalized blood pressure and habitus were different between experimental and control groups (χ2=3.89, 8.38, P≤0.05). The equipment worked well, with performance rates of over 90% (90.9%, 97.3%, and 92.7%).@*Conclusion@#The wearable health monitoring equipment showed good stability and reliability, and was able to effectively support health management in patients with hypertension in the community. At the same time, the equipment can improve healthy lifestyle compliance and awareness or self-management of blood pressure. In this manner, the burden of disease is reduced and the quality of life is improved.

7.
Journal of Interventional Radiology ; (12): 141-146, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-694223

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of CT-guided percutaneous coaxial needle biopsy combined with microwave ablation (MWA) for the treatment of lung tumors, and to discuss its technique, safety, curative effect and clinical application value. Methods A total of 20 patients with lung tumor, who were admitted to the Department of Interventional Radiology, Shanghai Ruijin Hospital, China, during the period from August 2014 to June 2016, were collected. Among the 20 patients, primary pulmonary cancer was diagnosed in 9 and metastatic tumor in 11. A total of 23 tumor lesions were detected, and CT-guided percutaneous coaxial needle biopsy combined with MWA was performed for all lesions. Based on the size and shape of the tumor, the corresponding ablation power and time of duration were set up. After the treatment, the patients were followed up for 4-26 months, and chest enhanced CT examination was regularly reexamined to assess the curative effect. Results Percutaneous coaxial needle biopsy was carried out for 23 lesions, the tumor diameters ranged from 0.80 cm to 2.40 cm, with a mean of 1.39 cm. MWA was employed for 23 lesions. CT scan performed immediately after MWA showed that the density of tumor lesion became decreased, the diagnostic positive rate of needle biopsy was 83.3%. After the treatment, complete remission was obtained in 15 patients, partial remission in 2 patients, stable disease in one patient, and progression.

8.
Journal of Interventional Radiology ; (12): 161-165, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-513491

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the feasibility and safety of portal 125I seed stent implantation combined with doxorubicin-eluting beads transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (DEB-TACE) for the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) associated with main portal vein tumor thrombus (MPVTF).Methods Prospective single-arm study was designed.Seven HCC patients with MPVTT were sequentially enrolled in this study to receive treatment.Portal pressure before and after portal vein stent implantation were determined,the liver function were tested before and 1-3 days,4 days,5-7 days after portal vein stent implantation,the results and the postoperative complications were analyzed.Results All 7 patients were in BCLC-C stage,with Child-Pugh classification being A-B level.All patients were diagnosed as massive type HCC complicated by portal vein tumor thrombus.The lesions were located in hepatic left lobe (n=l) and hepatic right lobe (n=6),tumor thrombus in left branch of portal vein was seen in one patient and tumor thrombus in right branch of portal vein was found in 6 patients,MPVTT was observed in all 7 patients.Portal 125I seed stent implantation plus DEB-TACE was successfully accomplished in all 7 patients.The portal pressure before and after stent implantation was 15.3 cmH2O and 10.2 cmH2O respectively,the postoperative pressure showed an obvious reduction.After stent implantation,a transient elevation of the serum total bilirubin (TB),alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) could be observed,which gradually decreased in 3-4 days;the recovery of TB level was slower than that of ALT and AST levels.Two patients had concomitant myocardial damage,which was gradually recovered in 2-3 days.Conclusion For the treatment of HCC associated with MPVTT,portal 125I seed stent implantation plus DEB-TACE is safe and feasible,although its long-term curative effect needs to be further clarified.

9.
Journal of Interventional Radiology ; (12): 999-1003, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-694155

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical application value of 3D printing coplanar template in treating pancreatic cancer with 125I seed implantation.Methods Clinical data of 10 patients with pancreatic cancer,who received 3D printing coplanar template-guided 125I seed implantation during the period from January 2016 to June 2017,were retrospectively analyzed.According to preoperative CT scan results and treatment planning system findings,a 3D coplanar template was designed and printed,guided by which percutaneous puncture and 125I seed implantation were conducted.Dosimetric verification was performed after 125I seed implantation.Both preoperative and postoperative 90% dose of target volume (D90),90% target volume of prescription dose (V90),100% target volume of prescription dose (V100) and 150% target volume of prescription dose (V150) were calculated.The success rate of puncture location of 3D printing coplanar template-guided 125I seed implantation was calculated.The coincidence between preoperative dosimetric plan and postoperative dosimetric parameter was assessed,and the complications were recorded.Results Under the guidance of 3D coplanar template,percutaneous puncture and 125I seed implantation were successfully accomplished in all 10 patients with pancreatic cancer.The postoperative dosimetric parameter D90 was consistent with preoperative planning.No statistically significant difference in D90 existed between preoperative value and postoperative one (P>0.05).The postoperative V90,V100 and V150 were (94.3±2.4)%,(90.4±4.1)% and (62.1±13.4)% respectively,which were compliance with therapeutic dosimetry requirements.Local hematoma occurred in one patient after the treatment.Conclusion 3D printing coplanar template appears to be a safe and effective guiding tool,it is very helpful for precise implantation of 125I seeds in treating pancreatic cancer,and with the help of 3D printing coplanar template the postoperative dose parameters will be able to meet the preoperative planning requirements.

10.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 696-699, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-498604

ABSTRACT

[Summary] A 47 years old female presented with palpitation, tremble, sweaty, and weight gain. Insulinoma was suspended and confirmed with hypoglycemia caused by endogenous hyperinsulinemia. The CT scan was failed to localize the tumor. MRI and ASVS showed inconsistent results. A nutrient arterial was found by arterial angiography and explained the different results. Robert assistant surgery successfully removed the tumor and the patient was well recovered.

11.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 4926-4932, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-498264

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:hIL-24, a tumor suppressor gene, can stimulate immune responses, inhibit the growth of tumor cel s, and the formation of tumor vessels, and induce cel apoptosis. OBJECTIVE:To explore the effects of hIL-24 gene on the proliferation and apoptosis of fibroblasts in the keloid and the underlying mechanisms. METHODS:Al the keloid specimens col ected from 13 patients were used for fibroblast culture and indentification. Fibroblast of the keloid was transfected with or without hlL-24 lentivirus. Subsequently, mRNA expressions of transforming growth factor-β, Smad3, proliferating cel nuclear antigen, matrix metal oproteinase-2,-9, and metal opeptidase inhibitor 1 were determined. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:Immunofluorescent staining and flow cytometry showed that vimentin antibody was expressed positively in cytoplasma of fibroblast cultures, and the purity was more than 97.8%. Western blot assay showed that hIL-24 expression was significantly increased in the transfected fibroblasts. Quantitative PCR showed that the overexpression rate of hIL-24 in fibroblasts was 81.7%and mRNA expressions of transforming growth factor-β, Smad3, proliferating cel nuclear antigen, matrix metal oproteinase-2, and-9 were significantly decreased, while metal opeptidase inhibitor 1 mRNA expression was significantly increased in hIL-24 transfection group compared with control group (P<0.05). These findings suggest that hIL-24 gene inhibits the expressions of proliferating cel nuclear antigen, matrix metal oproteinase-2, and-9 in fibroblasts, and the underlying mechanism may involves TGF-β/Smad3 pathway.

12.
Chinese Journal of Comparative Medicine ; (6): 1-4, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-463232

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of gut bacteria under chronic colitis on the progression of hepatoma in mice.Methods 22 hepatitis B virus (HBV) -transgenic mice ( male, 8 weeks) were randomly divided into two groups, one group (n =10) was fed the drinking water containing 2% dextran sodium sulphate(DSS)to induce chronic colitis and the control group(n =12)was fed with normal drinking water.In order to investigate the effect of gut microbes, 7 male HBV-transgenic mice(8 weeks, with no detectable hepatoma under microscopy) were cohoused with 4 mice with hepatoma for 16 weeks.Results No significant liver cell damage was observed in the group of the mice fed with 2% DSS-containing drinking water.By the 22 -week old,9 of the 10 mice(90.0%) fed with 2% DSS-containing drinking water, 2 of the 12 mice(16.7%) fed with normal drinking had hepatoma.Both the hepatoma incidence and the tumor numbers in the group of mice fed with DSS-containing water were significantly higher than that in the controls (P =0.002 and P =0.028respetively).Compared to controls, the bacteria family Prevotella (P =0.022) and Anaeroplasma (P =0.014) reduced significantly in the mice with induced chronic colitis.All the mice (n =7) cohoused with the mice with hepatoma had the liver tumor developed at 24 -week-old.Conclusion Alterations of gut bacteria under chronic colitis may promote the development of liver cancer.

13.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 5-10, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-248418

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the role of CCL20/CCR6/Th17 axis in vascular invasion and metastasis of primary hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Expression levels of CCL20 mRNA in the normal human liver cell line L-02, and human hepatocellular carcinoma cell lines Hep3B, Huh7 and HepG2 were quantified by using SYBR green real time PCR. CCL20 secretions from these cell lines were quantified by using ELISA. The chemotactic effect of HCC cell line Hep3B on human peripheral blood mononuclear cells was determined by using transwell chemotaxis assay. Pre-therapy serum levels of IL-1α, IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, IL-17, IL-23, IFN-γ, TNF-α and CCL20 in 93 patients with HCC were measured by using 9-plex array and ELISA. All the patients were chronic hepatitis B virus associated HCC, and 51 cases were those with vascular invasion and metastasis (metastasis group) and 42 cases were not (non-metastasis group). CCL20 and CCR6 mRNA expressions in the HCC and tumor-adjacent tissues were determined by using SYBR Green real time PCR in 41 patients, among them, 20 cases were from the group of patients with metastasis and 21 cases were from the group of patients without metastasis. The CCL20 expression was further determined by immunohistochemistry.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The HCC cell lines expressed and secreted higher amount of CCL20, which effectively recruited CCR6(+) T cells. Pre-therapy serum levels of CCL20 in 93 HCC patients were (38.2 ± 28.4)pg/ml, significantly increased than those with benign hepatic hemangiomas [(7.8 ± 17.8)pg/ml, P < 0.01]. In addition, the serum levels of CCL20 were positively correlated with the tumor diameters in HCC patients (r = 0.32, P = 0.0018). CCL20 was dominantly expressed in the cytoplasm in HCC cells, and it was also expressed by some infiltrating immune cells. The mRNA expression levels of CCL20 of the tumor tissues were significantly higher than that in the tumor-adjacent tissues (P < 0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that serum levels of IL-17 and CCL20 were independent risk factors of metastasis in HCC patients (P < 0.05 for both). CCL20 mRNA showed no statistically significant differences between patients with metastasis and without metastasis in both tumor tissues and tumor-adjacent tissues (P > 0.05 for both). But the patients with metastasis showed significantly higher expressions of CCR6 both in their tumor [5.75 (1.79, 19.13)]and tumor-adjacent tissues [7.99 (4.49, 19.54)] than those with non-metastasis [1.69 (0.76, 2.87) and 3.58 (1.84, 4.32), P < 0.05 for both].</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>CCL20/CCR6/Th17 axis may promote vascular invasion and metastasis hepatocellular carcinoma.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Bile Duct Neoplasms , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Metabolism , Chemokine CCL20 , Metabolism , Interleukin-10 , Metabolism , Interleukin-17 , Metabolism , Interleukin-23 , Metabolism , Interleukin-6 , Metabolism , Interleukin-8 , Metabolism , Leukocytes, Mononuclear , Liver Neoplasms , Metabolism , RNA, Messenger , Th17 Cells , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Metabolism
14.
Chinese Journal of Endocrine Surgery ; (6): 150-155, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-622350

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze CT characteristics of patients with primary parathyroid hyperplasia ( PPH) , parathyroid adenoma ( PA) , atypical parathyroid adenoma ( APA) , and parathyroid carcinoma ( PC) and to evaluate the value of CT in the diagnosis and differential diagnosis of primary hyperparathyroidism ( PHPT ) . Methods CT scan of 134 pathologically proved PHPT patients with complete clinical and laboratory data were retrorespectively analyzed .The similarities and differences of CT features in patients with PPH , PA, APA and PC were studied.Results Among 140 lesions in the 134 patients, 130 cases had solitary parathyroid mass and 4 cases had 10 parathyroid masses , including 22 lesions in 17 patients with PPH, with the diameter ranging from 0.6 cm to 2.8 cm(1.2 ±0.6)cm, 106 lesions in 105 patients with PA, with the diameter ranging from 0.3 cm to 3.2 cm (1.1 ±0.6)cm, 10 lesions in 10 patients with APA, with the diameter ranging from 0.9 cm to 3.3 cm(2.6 ± 0.6)cm, and 2 lesions in 2 patients with PC, with the diameter ranging from 2.1 cm to 3.0 cm(2.6 ±0.6)cm. 124 lesions were located in tracheo-esophageal groove or at the side of trachea on CT .The boundaries between the parathyroid and thyroid gland were low density .3 lesions did not appear .9 lesions were located at the area over the manubrium sterni among 13 lesions which were ectopic.CT images showed round (29.9%,41/137), oval (38.0%,52/137), triangular(19.7%, 27/137), and cylindrical(12.4%,17/137) tumors in 137 lesions.The density of lesions were 30-66 Hu(45.0 ±12.3)Hu on non-enhanced CT scan, and 59-209 Hu(121.8 ±32.7)Hu on enhanced scan .Different pathological lesions had no statistical difference on location ( left upper , left lower , right upper, right lower, ectopic)(χ2 =15.839), linear low density sign(χ2 =1.896), shape(χ2 =10.945), non-enhanced CT(χ2 =0.915) or enhancement CT(χ2 =6.165)(P>0.05).Different pathological lesions had statistical significance on sizes(χ2 =18.395, P<0.05).The diameter of APA-PC was bigger than that in PH-PA.99 lesions exhibited homogeneous enhancement , and 38 lesions exhibited heterogeneous enhancement .The necrosis rate of APA-PC was more than that of PH-PA(χ2 =7.929, P<0.05).Conclusions The lesions origi-nate from parathyroid if they are located in tracheo-esophageal groove or at the side of trachea with hyperparathy-roidism.Multiple lesions help in PH diagnosis .Large size and necrosis in lesions imply APA or PC .The location (left upper, left lower, right upper, right lower, ectopic), shape, density and the degree of enhancement of the lesions have not specificity for diagnosis of PHPT .

15.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 142-145, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-288772

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze the diagnosis and treatment characteristics of patients with severe Influenza A.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>A retrospective investigation on the clinical manifestation, chest radiography, electronic fiber bronchoscopy and the histology of the cast, rescue course and outcome was conducted in 15 children with severe influenza A during January to May of 2013.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Eleven cases were male, the range of age was 2 to 6 years; 5 cases were female, the range of age was 1 month to 6 years, accouting for 4.2% of hospitalized children with influenza. Three patients had an underlying chronic disease, two had nephrotic syndrome, and one had congenital heart disease. All the 15 cases were diagnosed as severe influenza A virus infection complicated with pneumonia and respiratory failure, of whom 10 cases were infected with H1N1 virus , the other 5 cases could not be identified as H1N1 virus by using H1N1 kit, but none of the 15 cases were infected with H7N9 virus. Of 15 cases, 8 had atelectasis, 4 had pneumothorax, 3 had pneumomediastinum, 4 had pleural effusion, 1 had pneumorrhagia; 12 patients required mechanical ventilation. 1 only required noninvasive mask CPAP, 2 did not require assisted ventilation, they were just given mask oxygen. Seven cases' sputum culture showed combined infection with bacteria and fungi, sputum smear examination detected: G(+) cocci in 2 cases, and G(-) bacilli in the other 2. By using electronic fiber bronchoscopy, bronchial cast was detected in 5 patiens. Histological examination of the bronchial cast revealed a fibrinous exudation containing large quantity of eosinophils, neutrophils in 1 patients, fibrinous exudation and necrotic material containing large quantity of neutrophils in 4 patients. After the bronchial casts were removed, 4 patients were improved greatly. All patients were treated with postural drainage of left and right side position, massage of electric oscillation, strengthening the sputum suction aiming to improve pulmonary ventilation function. Three patients died: 1 case was compliicated with nephrotic syndrome, another case had congenital heart disease, and 1 case hads pneumorrhagia, renal failure and multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The mortality of severe Influenza A is higher if it is complicated with underlying chronic diseases. In children undergoing rapid and progressive respiratory distress with lung atelectasis, consolidation or emphysema on chest X-ray, plastic bronchitis should be considered. Electronic fiber bronchoscopy should be performed early Lung physicotherapeutics still are important assistant measures for improving the pulmonary ventilation function.</p>


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Antiviral Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Bronchitis , Diagnosis , Therapeutics , Virology , Bronchoscopy , Methods , Influenza A Virus, H1N1 Subtype , Influenza, Human , Diagnosis , Mortality , Therapeutics , Intensive Care Units , Intubation, Intratracheal , Oxygen Inhalation Therapy , Pneumonia, Viral , Diagnosis , Therapeutics , Pulmonary Atelectasis , Diagnosis , Therapeutics , Virology , Rare Diseases , Respiration, Artificial , Retrospective Studies , Sputum , Microbiology , Treatment Outcome
16.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 194-197, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-444568

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a single-tube detecting system for the simultaneous identification of JAK2 V617F and JAK2 exon12 mutations.Methods Genomic DNA of cell line PC-3 was utilized as the wild type control,while genomic DNA of cell line HEL and plasmids with diverse JAK2 exon 12 mutations were used as the positive controls for JAK2 V617F and exon12 mutations.Multiplex PCR was performed to amplify the different amplicons combined with high-resolution melting (HRM) analysis,which established the multiplex detecting system for JAK2 V617F and exon12 mutations.Meanwhile 42 cases of polycythemia vera patients were collected to detect 2 kinds of JAK2 mutations by the above system and routine methods.Results The multiplex JAK2 mutations detecting system was successfully established by multiplex PCR combined with high-resolution melting curve analysis,which could simultaneously detect JAK2 V617F and JAK2 exon12 mutations.The analytical sensitivities of 2 mutations in this system were both up to 5% and the precision (coefficient of variation) of intra-and inter-assay of the melting temperature (Tm) of 2 amplicons were separately less than 0.01%.37 cases were identified JAK2 V617F mutations from 42 polycythemia vera patients,while 2 JAK2 exon12 mutations cases were found from 5 JAK2 V617F negative patients.Compared with routine methods,the results matched the rate of 100%.Two cases of JAK2 exon 12 mutations were confirmed to the mutation types of H538K539delinsL and F537-I546dul10 + F547L by cloning and sequencing.Conclusions This method can simultaneously detect two kinds of JAK2 mutations in the peripheral blood and will contribute to the molecular diagnosis of myeloproliferative neoplasms,especially polycythemia vera.

17.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 82-86, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-424670

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the association of BANK1 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) with rheumatoid arthritis(RA) in Chinese Han. MethodsTwo hundreds and twenty-one RA patients and 310 healthy controls who were Chinses Han population from Huashan Hopital and Changzheng Hospital in Shanghai,China were included.DNAs were extracted from peripheral whole blood for study.Samples were genotyped for three variants rs10516487,rs17266594 and rs3733197 in BANK1 by unlabelled probe high resolution melting (HRM) assay.The genotype frequencies of the detected polymorphisms were analyzed in relation to RA and the production of autoantibodies in RA patients.ResultsThe Tr genotype frequency was much higher in RA patients than in healthy controls(X2=6.241,P=0.044).The frequencies of rs10516487 G allele,rs17266594 T allele and rs3733197 G allele were increased among RA patients compared with healthy controls,although they didn't reach statistical significance.The rs10516487 and rs17266594 were found in strong linkage disequilibrium(D'=0.993,r2=0.985).And also the major TGG haplotype of 3-SNP was significantly associated with RA patients[P=0.037,OR =1.345,95%CI (1.018-1.776)].ConclusionBANK1 rs17266594 polymorphism is susceptible to RA,while rs10516487 and rs17266594 are linked in Chinese Han population.BANK1 SNPs TGG haplotype may contribute to RA susceptibility,too.

18.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 634-638, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-429174

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo establish a simple and sensitive method to detect MPL515 mutations in peripheral blood of ET and PMF patients,and investigate the frequencies of the MPL515 and JAK2V617F mutations in Chinese patients.MethodsTotallv 261 patients of ET and 25 PMF cases were collected from Huashan Hospital of Fudan University and DNA samples were isolated from peripheral blood of these cases.SYBR GreenⅠreal-time PCR was used to detect JAK2V617F mutation.Taqman probe was designed to be specific for the three types of mutations ( MPl515wt,MPLW515L and MPIW515K).Real-time PCR was used to detect MPL515 mutations.Tbe results were confirmed by sequencing after T-A cloning.Results Among 261 ET patients,119 cases (45.6% ) were identified as JAK2V617F mutation carriers and 7 cases (2.7% ) were detected to be MPl515 mutation carriers,including 5 cases with MPLW515L,1 case with MPLW515K and 1 ease with MPLW515L + K.Additionally 10 cases with JAK2V617F(40.0% ) and 3 cases with MPL515 ( 12.0% ) were screened out in 25 PMF patients,including 1 case with MPLW515L and 2 cases with MPLW515L + K.One ET patient was found to harbor concurrent JAK2V617F and MPL515 mutations.ConclusionJAK2V617F mutation is the major molecular marker of ET and PMF,meanwhile MPL515 mutation is important and useful complement.

19.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 713-717, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-421118

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the CT spectral imaging features of pancreatic serous oligocystic adenoma and mucinous cystic neoplasms and to assess the value of spectral CT in differentiating between pancreatic serous oligocystic adenoma and mucinous cystic neoplasms. Methods From Feb.2010 to Dec. 2010, 27 patients with cystic neoplasms of the pancreas (group one with 15 serous oligocystic adenomas and group two with 12 mucinous cystic neoplasms) underwent dual-phase CT spectral imaging followed by surgery. Quantitative values (age, tumor size, CT value change as function of photon energy,effective-Z, iodine-water concentration, and calcium-water concentration) were compared with independent samples t test and Mann-Whitney test and non-quantitative parameters (gender, symptom, and tumor location) were compared with Chi-square test (Fisher exact). The parameters with significant differences between two groups were analyzed further and the performance of multiple parameters for joint differential diagnosis was evaluated with discriminant analysis. Results Compared to patients with mucinous cystic neoplasms, patients with serous oligocystic adenoma had younger age, lower frequency of being symptomatic and smaller tumor size. The CT values on 40 keV to 60 keV( with 10 keV increment) in late arterial phase [(36±13)HU vs. (62±23)HU, (26 ±8)HU vs. (40±15)HU, and (19±6)HU vs. (27±10)HU respectively] and 40 keV to 50 keV (with 10 keV increment) in portal venous phase [ (43 ± 14 )HU vs.(61 ±25)HU and (30 -10)HU vs. (40 ± 16)HU respectively], effective-Z (late arterial phase 7.80 ± 0. 16 vs. 8.05 ± 0. 21, and portal venous phase 7. 87 ± 0. 15 vs 8.02 ± 0. 22 ), concentration of calcium (water) [late arterial phase (5 ±3) g/L vs. (11 ±4) g/L, t= -3.836, P=0.001 and portal venous phase (7 ± 3 ) g/L vs. ( 10 ± 5 ) g/L, t = - 2.071, P = 0. 049 ] and iodine (water) [ late arterial phase (0.38 ±0.24) g/L vs. (0.78 ±0.32) g/L, t = -3.755, P=0.001 and portal venous phase (0.48 ± 0. 24) g/L vs. (0. 72 ± 0. 34 ) g/L, t = - 2. 161, P = 0. 041 ] were lower in serous oligocystic adenoma than those in mucinous cystic neoplasms. In discriminant analysis, multiple parameters [ age, symptom,tumor size, CT values on 40 keV to 50 keV, effective-Z, concentration of iodine (water) in late arterial phase and concentration of calcium (water) in portal venous phase] showed high accuracy (100%, 27/27 )of joint diagnosis between serous oligocystic adenoma (100%, 15/15 ) and mucinous cystic neoplasms (100%, 12/12). Conclusions The serous oligocystic adenoma and mucinous cystic neoplasms had distinct characteristic findings on CT spectral imaging. CT spectral imaging is highly accurate in the differential diagnosis between serous oligocystic adenoma and mucinous cystic neoplasms.

20.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 31-33, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-413515

ABSTRACT

Objective To introduce clinical application of retrograde medial pedicled skin flap of the leg to repair the plantar cutaneous deficiency. Methods From January 2002 to May 2008, in our hospital we adopted retrograde medial pedicled skin flap to renovate 12 cases of plantar cutaneous deficiency. The size of the skin flaps ranged from 10 cm× 7 cm to 13 cm × 12 cm. Results Ten cases of retrograde medial pedicled skin flap were survived, the rest had partial necrosis because of distal blood flow obstacle. One was cured by changing dressings; the other was repaired by secondary operation. Morphology and function of soft tissue defects were renovated well with 6-18 months follow-up. Conclusion This operation is an effective and reliable technique for plantar cutaneous deficiency.

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