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Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 3139-3155, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939955


Aberrant activation of oncogenic signaling pathways in tumors can promote resistance to the antitumor immune response. However, single blockade of these pathways is usually ineffective because of the complex crosstalk and feedback among oncogenic signaling pathways. The enhanced toxicity of free small molecule inhibitor combinations is considered an insurmountable barrier to their clinical applications. To circumvent this issue, we rationally designed an effective tumor microenvironment-activatable prodrug nanomicelle (PNM) for cancer therapy. PNM was engineered by integrating the PI3K/mTOR inhibitor PF-04691502 (PF) and the broad spectrum CDK inhibitor flavopiridol (Flav) into a single nanoplatform, which showed tumor-specific accumulation, activation and deep penetration in response to the high glutathione (GSH) tumoral microenvironment. The codelivery of PF and Flav could trigger gasdermin E (GSDME)-based immunogenic pyroptosis of tumor cells to elicit a robust antitumor immune response. Furthermore, the combination of PNM-induced immunogenic pyroptosis with anti-programmed cell death-1 (αPD-1) immunotherapy further boosted the antitumor effect and prolonged the survival time of mice. Collectively, these results indicated that the pyroptosis-induced nanoplatform codelivery of PI3K/mTOR and CDK inhibitors can reprogram the immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment and efficiently improve checkpoint blockade cancer immunotherapy.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955235


Inguinal hernia is a common surgical disease, and most patients need surgical treatment. In recent years, minimally invasive surgery based on laparoscopy has been popularized in hernia surgery. With the release of clinical guidelines, the progress of instruments and materials, the update of treatment concepts and anatomical knowledge, laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair, especially laparoscopic total extraperitoneal hernia repair (TEP), is developing towards a more accurate and minimally invasive direction. Based on literatures in recent years and combined with clinical practice, the authors explore the advances in clinical application of laparoscopic TEP.