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1.
Chinese Medical Sciences Journal ; (4): 109-116, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981593

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical symptoms experienced by patients with thoracic spinal tumors and verify the associated symptoms that are predictive of a decline in muscle strength in the lower limbs. Methods A single-center, retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted on in-patients diagnosed with epidural thoracic spinal tumors between January 2011 and May 2021. The study involved a review of electronic medical records and radiographs and the collection of clinical data. The differences in clinical manifestations between patients with constipation and those without constipation were analyzed. Binary logistic regression analyses were performed to identify risk factors associated with a decline in muscle strength in the lower limbs.Results A total of 227 patients were enrolled, including 131 patients with constipation and 96 without constipation. The constipation group had a significantly higher proportion of patients who experienced difficulty walking or paralysis compared to those without constipation prior to surgery (83.2% vs. 17.7%, χ2 = 99.035,P < 0.001). Constipation (OR = 9.522, 95%CI: 4.150-21.849, P < 0.001) and urinary retention (OR = 14.490, 95%CI: 4.543-46.213, P < 0.001) were independent risk factors for muscle strength decline in the lower limbs. Conclusions The study observed that patients with thoracic spinal tumors who experienced constipation symptoms had a higher incidence of lower limb weakness. Moreover, the analysis revealed that constipation and urinary retention were independent risk factors associated with a preoperative decline in muscle strength of lower limbs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Constipation/etiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Lower Extremity , Muscle Strength , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Neoplasms , Urinary Retention
2.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2203-2211, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981351

ABSTRACT

This study aims to investigate the therapeutic effect of alcohol extract of root and root bark of Toddalia asiatica(TAAE) on collagen-induced arthritis(CIA) in rats through phosphatidylinoinosidine-3 kinase/protein kinase B(PI3K/Akt) signaling pathway. To be specific, CIA was induced in rats, and then the rats were treated(oral, daily) with TAAE and Tripterygium Glycoside Tablets(TGT), respectively. The swelling degree of the hind leg joints was scored weekly. After 35 days of administration, the histopathological changes were observed based on hematoxylin and eosin(HE) staining. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA) was employed to detect the levels of cytokines [tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α), interleukin(IL)-6)]. Terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick end labeling(TUNEL) staining was performed to detect the apoptosis of synoviocytes in rats. Western blot was used to detect the expression levels of apoptosis-related proteins B-cell lymphoma 2(Bcl-2)-associated X(Bax), Bcl-2, and caspase-3 and pathway-related proteins phosphoinositide 3-kinase(PI3K), phosphorylated(p)-PI3K, protein kinase B(Akt), and p-Akt. RT-qPCR was conducted to examine the mRNA levels of Bax, Bcl-2, caspase-3, TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-1β and pathway-related proteins PI3K, p-PI3K, Akt, and p-Akt. TAAE can alleviate the joint swelling in CIA rats, reduce serum levels of inflammatory cytokines, improve synovial histopathological changes, promote apoptosis of synoviocytes, and inhibit synovial inflammation. In addition, RT-qPCR and Western blot results showed that TAAE up-regulated the level of Bax, down-regulated the level of Bcl-2, and activated caspase-3 to promote apoptosis in synoviocytes. TAAE effectively down-regulated the protein levels of p-PI3K and p-Akt. In this study, TAAE shows therapeutic effect on CIA in rats and reduces the inflammation. The mechanism is that it suppresses PI3K/Akt signaling pathway and promotes synoviocyte apoptosis. Overall, this study provides a new clue for the research on the anti-inflammatory mechanism of TAAE and lays a theoretical basis for the better clinical application of TAAE in the treatment of inflammatory and autoimmune diseases.


Subject(s)
Rats , Animals , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/metabolism , Caspase 3/genetics , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism , bcl-2-Associated X Protein/metabolism , Plant Bark , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/therapeutic use , Arthritis, Experimental/chemically induced , Inflammation/drug therapy , Cytokines/metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 , Apoptosis
3.
Chinese Journal of Health Management ; (6): 272-278, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993663

ABSTRACT

Objective:To assess the value of serum uric acid combined with high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) for the diagnosis of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in health examination population.Methods:A cross-sectional study was conducted. Total of 3 903 subjects who underwent health examination in the health management center of the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University School of Medicine from January to November 2022 were retrospectively selected for this study. The demography and somatology examination, laboratory tests and transient elastography of the liver were carried out in all the subjects. The indices were compared in people with and without NAFLD with t test, single factor analysis of variance or Wilcoxon rank sum test. And the levels of uric acid and HDL-C under different degrees of fatty liver were analyzed. The diagnostic value of uric acid combined with HDL-C for NAFLD was examined with the receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curve and area under the ROC curve (AUC). Results:Body mass index, uric acid and glutathione transaminase in the NAFLD group were all higher than those in the non-NAFLD group, and HDL-C was lower (all P<0.001). Blood uric acid in normal liver group (303.62±77.65) μmol/L <mild fatty liver group (336.82±82.43) μmol/L <moderate fatty liver group (364.25±79.62) μmol/L <severe fatty liver group (392.98±83.90) μmol/L ( F=202.614, P<0.001); HLD-C in normal liver group (1.43±0.37) mmol/L >mild fatty liver group (1.25±0.31) mmol/L >moderate fatty liver group (1.16±0.28) mmol/L >severe fatty liver group (1.04±0.25) mmol/L ( F=239.24, P<0.001).The proportion of NAFLD in hyperuricemia group (HUA group) (75.0%), low HDL-C group (76.3%), and HUA and low HDL-C group (86.9%) was significantly higher than that in normal uric acid and HDL-C groups (49.2%), and the proportion of NAFLD in HUA and low HDL-C group was the highest ( χ 2=302.109, P<0.001). The diagnostic value of the combination of serum uric acid and HDL-C for NAFLD is higher than that of serum uric acid or HDL-C alone (the AUC was 0.741, 0.692 and 0.288, respectively) (both P<0.001). Conclusion:Serumuric acid and HDL-C were correlated with the severity of NAFLD, and uric acid combined with HDL-C had some diagnostic value for NAFLD.

4.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 129-135, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992816

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the value of sound touch elastography (STE) linear combined with ultrasound score (US) in the diagnosis of chronic hepatitis B (CHB) liver fibrosis, and to investigate whether their combination can improve the diagnostic efficiency of subdividing the degree of CHB liver fibrosis. Furthermore, a comparison with STE linear combined with the serological model was performed to seek the optimal linear combination model.Methods:A total of 313 subjects were enrolled from September 2018 to December 2021 in Shenzhen Third People′s Hospital Affiliated to Guangdong Medical University, including 259 patients with CHB who had completed liver biopsy and 54 healthy volunteers. CHB patients were divided into liver fibrosis group (F1-F4 group) according to METAVIR classification standard, and healthy volunteers were used as the control group. All subjects underwent liver ultrasound examination, STE and blood biochemical indexes of liver function. The US was performed according to the liver ultrasound examination, and the liver stiffness measurement (LSM) was measured by STE, aspartate aminotransferase and platelet ratio index (APRI) was calculated by blood biochemical index. Fisher discriminant analysis was used to establish the linear combination (LC) diagnostic marker of US and LSM, and the linear combination (LC2) diagnostic marker of LSM and APRI, successively. Spearman rank correlation coefficient was used to analyze the correlations between US, LSM, APRI, LC2, LC and pathological results. The ROC curves of US, LSM, APRI, LC2 and LC for diagnosing CHB liver fibrosis were plotted, and the diagnostic efficiency of above diagnostic markers was evaluated according to the accuracy, sensitivity, specificity and area under the ROC curve (AUC).Results:The formula for the linear combination of US and LSM was LC=0.986 0×US+ 0.166 7×LSM, and LC was highly positively correlated with pathological findings ( rs=0.851, P<0.001), higher than US, LSM, LC2 and APRI ( rs=0.825, 0.775, 0.802, 0.586, all P<0.001). LC showed the best diagnostic efficiency. The AUCs for diagnosing ≥F1, ≥F2, ≥F3 liver fibrosis and =F4 cirrhosis were 0.945, 0.911, 0.954, 0.955, respectively, which superior to the AUCs of US (0.913, 0.879, 0.934 and 0.916, respectively), the AUCs of LSM (0.860, 0.871, 0.934 and 0.952, respectively) and the AUCs of LC2(0.899, 0.883, 0.941, 0.946, respectively). Compared with US, the AUC of LC diagnosis of ≥F1, ≥F2, ≥F3 liver fibrosis and =F4 cirrhosis increased by 3.2%, 3.2%, 2.0% and 3.9%, respectively, with all significant differences ( P<0.05). Compared with LSM, the AUC of LC increased by 8.5%, 4.0%, 2.0% and 0.3%, respectively, with significant difference ( P<0.05) except for stage =F4 cirrhosis.Compared with LC2, the AUC of LC increased by 4.6%, 2.8%, 1.3% and 0.9%, respectively, and there were significant differences in the diagnosis of ≥F1 and ≥F2 liver fibrosis ( P<0.05). Moreover, the overall efficiency of LC2 was not significantly improved than LSM, the difference was not significant ( P>0.05). Conclusions:US, LSM, LC2 and LC can be used to diagnose the degree of CHB liver fibrosis, but LC is better than US or LSM and LC2 alone, especially in the subdivision of mild liver fibrosis, which is a promising new diagnostic marker to subdivide the degree of CHB liver fibrosis.

5.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 115-120, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004854

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To establish RH gene mRNA sequencing method based on nanopores sequencing and to explore the RHD and RHCE mRNA transcripts in D positive and Del individuals. 【Methods】 From March 2021 to May 2022, 5 RhD positive samples and 5 Del samples screened out by hospitals in Chengdu were sent to our laboratory for futher examination. The erythrocytes and buff coat were isolated, then DNA and RNA were extracted.All 10 samples were genotyped by PCR-SSP. After the mRNA was reversely transcribed into cDNA, the full-length mRNA of RHD and RHCE genes were simultaneously amplified by a pair of primers. Sanger sequencing and third-generation sequencing technology based on Nanopore were used to sequence the amplified products, and the types and expressions of different splices of RHD and RHCE gene mRNA transcripts were analyzed. 【Results】 The method established in this study can simultaneously amplify the full length transcripts of RHD and RHCE. Ten different RHD gene mRNA transcripts and nine RHCE gene mRNA transcripts were detected in 10 samples. RHD full-length transcript (RHD-201) can be detected in RhD Del type, but the expression amount was significantly lower than that in RhD positive samples. The expression amount of transcript RHD-207 (Del789) in Del samples was significantly higher than that in RhD positive samples. The transcript RHD-208 (Del8910+ 213) was only detected in RhD Del type individuals, and no significant difference was found between other RHD transcripts and all RHCE transcripts in the two phenotypes. 【Conclusion】 In this study, an analytical method for sequencing full-length transcript isomers of RHD and RHCE mRNA via the third generation was successfully established, and complex alternative splicing patterns were found in RHD and RHCE genes, providing a new method for the study of alternative splicing of blood group gene variants mRNA.

6.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 447-451, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004845

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To explore the recruitment strategy of blood donors under the situation of blood supply shortage during the COVID-19 epidemic. 【Methods】 The theory of planned behavior and the stage change model of behavior were used to analyze the recruitment strategy of blood donors during the COVID-19 epidemic. The recruitment practice strategies of some countries or regions, i. e. the United States, Japan, South Korea, and the European Union, during this period were investigated. Based on the theoretical analysis results and practical status, relevant reference strategies were proposed. 【Results】 The theoretical analysis showed that attitude, subjective norms and ethical norms played an important role in the recruitment of blood donors during the COVID-19 epidemic, but blood donation self-efficacy and promoting blood donation behavior were the two key factors. According to the survey, in terms of enhancing and maintaining attitudes, subjective norms, ethical norms and other elements that were jointly affected by the same strategy, most countries continued previous policies while some updated recruitment ideas. In terms of enhancing and maintaining the key elements of blood donation self-efficacy, more human and material support had been made. 【Conclusion】 During the COVID-19 pandemic, enhancing and maintaining blood donation self-efficacy and promoting blood donation behavior are the key elements to effectively improve the blood supply shortage. The blood donor recruitment strategy constructed accordingly has reference value for China.

7.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 403-410, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004835

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To investigate the effects and mechanisms of different doses of fingolimod (FTY720) on non-antibody-mediated transfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI). 【Methods】 A TRALI mouse model was constructed using lipopolysaccharide (LPS) pre-stimulation and platelets (Plt) of different storage days for second strike. The success of the modeling was determined by protein concentration in lung tissue homogenates, myeloperoxidase (MPo) activity, lung wet/dry weight ratio (W/D ratio), lung tissue damage score and pathological sections. Ceramide and sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) contents in platelets of different storage days were detected. FTY720 was administered 1 h after LPS injection to investigate the role of FTY720 in TRALI. The expression levels of vascular endothelial cadherin (VE-cadherin) and zonula occludens-1 (ZO-1) were analyzed by WB. 【Results】 Mice infused with stored 5-day Plt (d5Plt group) exhibited typical signs of TRALI, and the differences in lung tissue homogenate protein concentration (6 546.38±409.50) μg/mL, MPO activity (49.38±4.43) U/L, W/D ratio 4.79±0.21, and lung tissue damage score 7.24±0.38 from the rest of the groups were statistically significant (P<0.05). With the increase of platelet storage time, the ceramide content gradually increased and S1P content gradually decreased, and the ratio of the two was imbalanced. d5Plt showed statistically significant differences (P<0.01) in ceramide content (58.37±5.69) μmol/L and S1P content (149.81±4.86) nmol/L from the rest of the groups. After preventive administration of FTY720, 1 mg/kg FTY720 had no significant effect on TRALI mice, whose lung tissue homogenate protein concentration (6 170.26±545.50) μg/mL, MPO activity (45.97±4.79) U/L, W/D ratio 4.88±0.25, and lung tissue damage score 7.92±0.65 were significantly higher than those of the normal and LPS control groups (P<0.01). The low-dose (0.5, 0.2, and 0.1 mg/kg) FTY720 group alleviated lung injury, and its protein concentration, MPO activity, W/D ratio, and lung tissue injury score were significantly lower than those of the d5Plt group (P<0.05). Pathological sections also showed similar results. In terms of endothelial intercellular junction protein expression, the VE-cadherin expression levels in the 1 mg/kg FTY720 group were significantly lower than those in the normal and LPS control groups (P<0.05), and the VE-cadherin and ZO-1 expression levels in the low-dose (0.5, 0.2, and 0.1 mg/kg) FTY720 group were significantly higher than those in the d5Plt group (P<0.05), which tended to be normalized. 【Conclusion】 In this study, a TRALI mouse model was successfully established by one strike of LPS and two strikes of d5Plt. Low doses of FTY720 (0.5, 0.2, 0.1 mg/kg) were protective against TRALI, while high doses of FTY720 (1 mg/kg) may aggravate the symptoms of TRALI. This protective effect may be somewhat dependent on the expression of VE-cadherin and ZO-1.

8.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 529-533, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004821

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To investigate the demographic characteristics and factors affecting the willingness to donate blood among potential donors in China, so as to improve the recruitment efficiency for blood donors. 【Methods】 Non-blood donors aged 18-55 were investigated by online questionnaire to collect data in terms of sociodemographic characteristics (10 items), blood donation related behaviors (9 items), blood donation willingness and factors affecting their willingness (5 items) from October to December 2022. Logistic regression analysis was utilized to investigate their demographic characteristics, and linear regression analysis was used to explore the factors influencing their donation willingness. 【Results】 Logistic regression analysis was conducted with potential blood donors as dependent variable, revealed that individuals who were not only-child 59.6%(334/560) vs 45.4%(98/216), had friends received blood transfusion 63.8%(238/373) vs 48.3%(194/402), had relatives with blood donation experience 63.0%(194/308) vs 51.0%(238/467), and received blood donation information from relatives or friends 64.4%(152/236) vs 51.9%(280/539) were more likely to be potential donors(P0.05). While subjective norms, convenience of blood donation and personal empathy had positive effects on willingness to donate blood, the regression coefficients were all greater than 0, which were 0.58, 0.14 and 0.34 (P<0.05). 【Conclusion】 To establish a wider blood donor community in China, recruitment strategies should be tailored to specific potential donor groups, and efforts should be made to strengthen promotion through relatives and friends, reinforce subjective norms, and provide more flexible options for blood donation time and location selection. In addition, incentive measures should be carefully selected to encourage blood donation.

9.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 860-867, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004709

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To investigate the preventive effects of early apoptotic splenic mononuclear cells induced by extracorporeal photopheresis (ECP) on acute graft versus host disease (aGVHD) in mice and explore the underlying mechanisms. 【Methods】 1) Splenic mononuclear cells were extracted from C57BL/6 mice and treated with different concentrations of 8-MOP (50 ng/mL, 100 ng/mL, 200 ng/mL, 300 ng/mL, 600 ng/mL). After treatment, irradiate the cells with 2 J/cm2 of ultraviolet light. Then, use the Annexin V-FITC/PI apoptosis detection kit to assess the early apoptosis rate of the cells and determine the optimal concentration of 8-MOP for the experiment.2) There were 35 SPF-grade female BALB/C mice (H-2Kd) aged 6-8 weeks. After whole-body irradiation with 8Gy X-rays, the mice were divided into five groups: sham irradiation group received intravenous infusion of 0.2 mL of normal saline, the syngeneic bone marrow transplantation group received intravenous infusion of 0.2 mL of BALB/C mouse bone marrow nucleated cell suspension (including a cell count of 1×107), the allogeneic bone marrow transplantation group received intravenous infusion of 0.2 mL of C57BL/6 mouse bone marrow nucleated cell suspension (including a cell count of 1×107), the aGVHD group received intravenous injection of a mixture of C57BL/6 mouse bone marrow nucleated cells (including a cell count of 1×107) and splenic mononuclear cells (including a cell count of 1×107) in 0.2 mL, the ECP prevention group received pre-transplant intravenous infusion of 0.2 mL of ECP-treated splenic mononuclear cells of C57BL/6 mice (including a cell count of 1×107 ) 48 hours before transplantation, and on the day of transplantation, intravenous injection of a mixture of C57BL/6 mouse bone marrow nucleated cells (including a cell count of 1×107) and splenic mononuclear cells (including a cell count of 1×107 ) in 0.2 mL.The preventive effects of ECP on aGVHD were observed, and the concentrations of IFN-γ, IL-2, TNF, IL-4 and IL-6 in mouse serum were measured using CBA. Th1 cell counts were determined by flow cytometry. 【Results】 Different concentrations of 8-MOP (50 ng/mL,100 ng/mL, 200 ng/mL, 300 ng/mL, 600 ng/mL) were used to treat mouse splenic mononuclear cells. The early apoptosis rates (%), observed after treatment were as follows: (14.18±0.865) vs (16.76±0.407) vs (18.83±0.404) vs (19.27±0.404) vs (14.5±0.529). The appropriate concentration of 8-MOP was determined to be 200 ng/mL.In vivo experiment, the results showed that the aGVHD group had decreased survival rate, reduced body weight, and increased clinical scores compared to the syngeneic and allogeneic bone marrow transplantation groups (P<0.01), and the chimerism of bone marrow cells in mice after transplantation was over 90%. ECP significantly improved the survival rate of mice after transplantation, reduced clinical scores (P<0.05), and decreased the concentrations of Th1 cell cytokines in serum (P<0.05) and the counts of Th1 cells in the spleen (P<0.05). 【Conclusion】 ECP-induced early apoptotic single nuclear cells from the spleen can prevent the occurrence of aGVHD by reducing the Th1 response in mouse.

10.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 673-680, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985973

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and prognosis of orthopedic surgical resection surgery in patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (NDMM). Methods: This retrospective cohort study collected clinical data of patients with NDMM who underwent surgery due to spinal cord compression or pathological long-bone fractures at the Peking Union Medical College Hospital from 1 January 2003 to 31 December 2021. Patients who received biopsy or vertebroplasty/kyphoplasty were excluded and patients with the same degree of bone disease and who did not undergo any surgical intervention were selected as controls. Visual analogue scale (VAS) and physical status (ECOG) scores, progression-free survival (PFS), and overall survival (OS) were compared. Statistical analysis included the χ2-test, t-test, and Kaplan-Meier methods. Results: Baseline data were compared between the surgical group (n=40 with 43 interventions) and the non-surgical group (n=80), and included sex, age, paraprotein type, International Staging System (ISS), number of lytic lesions, cytogenetic abnormalities, first-line treatment, and the proportion of patients receiving autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) (all P>0.05). Serum M protein levels in the surgical group were significantly lower than those of the non-surgical group [(21.95±16.44) g/L vs. (36.18±20.85) g/L, P=0.005]. The surgical lesions involved the axial skeleton (79.1%, 34/43) or the extremities (20.9%, 9/43). VAS and ECOG scores improved significantly after surgery (VAS: 2.30±0.80 vs. 6.60±1.50, P<0.001; ECOG: 2.09±0.59 vs. 3.09±0.73, P<0.001). The median follow-up time was 51 months. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis suggested that the median PFS (25 vs. 29 months) and OS (46 vs. 60 months) were comparable between the surgical and non-surgical intervention groups (both P>0.05). Subgroup analysis showed that among patients with ISS Ⅰ or those who had received ASCT, PFS in the surgical group was similar to that of the non-surgical intervention group (both P>0.05), while OS was worse (P=0.005, 0.017). Patients with ISS Ⅱ/Ⅲ scores or without ASCT had similar PFS and OS between the surgical and non-surgical intervention groups (all P>0.05). Cox multivariate analysis suggested that ISS and ASCT were independent prognostic factors for OS (ISS: HR=0.42, 95%CI 0.19-0.93, P=0.031; ASCT: HR=0.41, 95%CI 0.18-0.97, P=0.041), while orthopedic surgery did not influence survival (P=0.233). Conclusion: For patients with NDMM, orthopedic surgical resection decreased bone-related complications and improved quality of life, but did not affect survival.


Subject(s)
Humans , Prognosis , Multiple Myeloma/diagnosis , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation/methods , Retrospective Studies , Quality of Life , Transplantation, Autologous , Orthopedic Procedures , Treatment Outcome
11.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 486-492, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985788

ABSTRACT

Objective: To examine the patterning cropped and shaped mesh repair for perineal hernia after abdominoperineal excision (APE) in rectal cancer. Methods: The clinical data of 8 patients with perineal hernia after APE who accepted surgical treatment in the Department of Hepatopancreatobiliary and Hernia Surgery, the First Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University from March 2017 to December 2022 were retrospectively reviewed. There were 3 males and 5 females, aged (67.6±7.2) years (range: 56 to 76 years). Eight patients developed a perineal mass at (11.3±2.9) months (range: 5 to 13 months) after APE. After surgical separation of adhesion and exposing the pelvic floor defect, a 15 cm×20 cm anti-adhesion mesh was fashioned as a three-dimensional pocket shape to fit the pelvic defect, then fixed to the promontory or sacrum and sutured to the pelvic sidewalls and the anterior peritoneum, while two side slender slings were tailored in front of the mesh and fixed on the pectineal ligament. Results: The repair of their perineal hernias went well, with an operating time of (240.6±48.8) minutes (range: 155 to 300 minutes). Five patients underwent laparotomy, 3 patients tried laparoscopic surgery first and then transferred to laparotomy combined with the perineal approach. Intraoperative bowel injury was observed in 3 patients. All patients did not have an intestinal fistula, bleeding occurred. No reoperation was performed and their preoperative symptoms improved significantly. The postoperative hospital stay was (13.5±2.9) days (range: 7 to 17 days) and two patients had postoperative ileus, which improved after conservative treatment. Two patients had a postoperative perineal hernia sac effusion, one of them underwent placement of a tube to puncture the hernia sac effusion due to infection, and continued irrigation and drainage. The postoperative follow-up was (34.8±14.0) months (range: 13 to 48 months), and 1 patient developed recurrence in the seventh postoperative month, no further surgery was performed. Conclusions: Surgical repair of the perineal hernia after APE can be preferred transabdominal approach, routine application of laparoscopy is not recommended, combined abdominoperineal approach can be considered if necessary. The perineal hernia after APE can be repaired safely and effectively using the described technique of patterning cropped and shaped mesh repair.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Animals , Herniorrhaphy/methods , Surgical Mesh , Retrospective Studies , Hernia, Abdominal/surgery , Hernia , Rectal Neoplasms/surgery , Proctectomy , Laparoscopy , Perineum/surgery , Postoperative Complications , Incisional Hernia/surgery , Hominidae
12.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 5519-5530, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008748

ABSTRACT

To explore the genetic diversity of Asarum sieboldii this study developed SSR markers based on transcriptome sequencing results and five populations of A.sieboldii from different regions were used as samples for genetic diversity assessment using software such as GenALEx 6.5, NTSYS 2.1, and Structure 2.3.4. The results showed that 16 SSR markers with high polymorphism and good repeatability were selected from the A.sieboldii transcriptome. Primers designed based on the flanking sequences of these markers successfully amplified 56 polymorphic fragments from 150 individual samples of the five A.sieboldii populations. On average, each primer amplified 3.5 polymorphic fragments, ranging from 2 to 8. The mean values of expected heterozygosity(H_e), Shannon's diversity index(I), Nei's gene diversity index(H), and the polymorphic information content(PIC) were 0.172, 0.281, 0.429, and 0.382, respectively. The mean population differentiation coefficient(F_(ST)) was 0.588, consistent with the analysis of molecular variance(AMOVA) results, which indicated greater genetic variation among A.sieboldii populations(69%) than that within populations(31%). The percentage of polymorphic loci(PPL) ranged from highest to lowest as SNJ>LN>SY>SZ>TB. Principal coordinate analysis(PCoA) and UPGMA clustering analysis further revealed genetic clustering of A.sieboldii individuals based on their geographical distribution, consistent with the results of the structure clustering analysis. In summary, the SSR markers developed from the transcriptome effectively assessed the genetic differentiation and population structure of natural A.sieboldii populations, revealing a relatively low genetic diversity in A.sieboldii, with genetic variation primarily observed at the population level and a correlation between population differentiation and geographic distance.


Subject(s)
Humans , Genetic Variation , Asarum , Transcriptome/genetics , Microsatellite Repeats/genetics , Phylogeny
13.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 133-138, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971506

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the causes of graft loss in kidney transplant recipients.@*METHODS@#We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 135 recipients with graft loss after renal transplantation in the Eighth Medical Center of Chinese PLA General Hospital from January 1, 2002 to January 1, 2022.@*RESULTS@#A total of 135 kidney transplant recipients experienced graft failure. The causes of graft loss included graft rejection (70 cases, 51.8%), death of the recipients with functional graft (37 cases, 27.4%), surgical complications (12 cases, 8.9%), drug toxicity (4 cases, 3.0%), carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae infection (4 cases, 3.0%), polyoma BK virus-related nephropathy (3 cases, 2.2%), primary nonfunctioning kidney (2 cases, 1.5%), recurrence of primary disease (2 cases, 1.5%), and prerenal acute renal failure (1 case, 0.7%).@*CONCLUSION@#The main cause of graft loss after renal transplantation is graft rejection, and the secondary cause is death of the recipient with functional graft, and other reasons can be rare.


Subject(s)
Humans , Graft Rejection , Kidney Transplantation/adverse effects , Retrospective Studies
14.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 430-435, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932262

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of geriatric acetabular fractures in western China.Methods:A retrospective case series study was made on data of geriatric patients with acetabular fracture hospitalized in 4 grade A hospitals in western China from 2015 to 2020. The investigation content included gender, age, incidence rate, injury mechanism, combined injuries, comorbidities, fracture types and treatment plans.Results:A total of 299 geriatric patients with acetabular fractures were included, including 203 males and 96 females, aged 60-97 years [(68.6±7.6)years]. The mean age of the patients was increased from 67.5 years to 71.1 years. The incidence rate was increased from 36 cases per year to 64 cases per year. The injury mechanism was mainly traffic accidents (42.47%), followed by falls (30.44%). Thoracic injury was the most common type of combined injuries (39.81%). Hypertension was the main comorbidity (28.76%). The most common fracture type was anterior column posterior hemitransverse fracture (31.32%). Of 299 patients, 210 received surgical treatment, with the surgery rate of 70.23%.Conclusions:Geriatric acetabular fracture is characterized by gradually increased age and incidence rate, traffic accidents as the main cause of injury, thoracic injury as the main combined injury, hypertension as the main comorbidity, anterior column posterior hemitransverse fracture as the main fracture type and surgery as the main treatment option.

15.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 418-421, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958386

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical effect of gracilis musculocutaneous flap in repair of perineal soft defect with open pelvic fracture.Methods:From June 2009 to June 2019, 11 cases of open pelvic fracture associated with perineal injury were treated in the Department of Trauma and Orthopaedic of 521 Hospital of Norinco Group. There were 4 males and 7 females aged 16-56 (33 in average) years old. Cause of injuries: 6 cases by traffic accident, 4 by falling from height, and 1 by crushing. All the patients had open pelvic fractures. According to Tile classification, 1 case was rated as type A, 7 as type B and 3 as type C. All the patients were accompanied with perineal injury and soft tissue defect. The wound sizes ranged from 5 cm×5 cm to 8 cm×12 cm. The defects were repaired with gracilis musculocutaneous flap. The size of gracilis myocutaneous flaps was 6 cm×5 cm to 9 cm×13 cm. All donor areas of the flap were sutured directly. After surgery, 11 patients treated with strengthened nutritional support, keep supine position to avoid abduction, and appropriately raise the lower limbs. Follow-ups were conducted regularly after surgery.Results:All patients entered 6 to 30 (22 in average) months of follow-up. All of 11 myocutaneous flaps survived, besides 1 had a few necrosis at the distal surface of the myocutaneous flap, and healed after change of dressing. All the incisions at donor site had stage I healing. The colour, texture and flexibility of the gracilis myocutaneous flap were good. There was a scar at the donor sites without causing obvious dysfunction. Over the follow-up period, there was no failure of flap in either the recipient and donor sites. The patients were satisfied with the appearance and function.Conclusion:Gracilis musculocutaneous flap is one of the ideal methods in repair of perineal soft tissue defect with open pelvic fracture.

16.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 593-597, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957434

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the feasibility and safety of the clinical application of the diagnosis and treatment mode combining rapid frozen pathological examination of prostate biopsy tissue with radical prostatectomy.Methods:Suspected prostate cancer patients with PSA>10 ng/ml and PI-RADS score ≥4 in, Northern Jiangsu People's Hospital from April to September 2021 were collected. The included patients underwent mpMRI/TRUS image fusion-guided transperineal prostate targeted biopsy with 16G biopsy needle, 2-3 needles for biopsy, and rapid frozen pathological examination. Robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (RALP) was performed immediately for patients with prostate cancer with rapid freezing pathology. For undiagnosed prostate cancer, 18G biopsy needle for prostate targeted + systematic biopsy were used, 18-22 needles for systematic biopsy, and routine pathological examination. The baseline data, frozen pathological results, perioperative conditions, pathological results and follow-up data of all patients were collected.Results:Eleven patients were included in the study, the mean age of the patients was 69.9(66-73) years, the mean BMI was 22.8(19-26) kg/m 2, the mean PSA was 23.2(14.25-32.00), the mean prostate volume was 45(32-52) ml, mean PSAD 0.54(0.33-0.75). PI-RADS score was 4 in 3 cases and 5 in 8 cases; digital rectal examination was positive in 5 cases. All 11 cases underwent rapid freezing and the pathological results showed that: 9 cases were prostate adenocarcinoma, and RALP was performed immediately. The operation time was 111.5(96-126) min, the intraoperative blood loss was 78.9(55-105) ml, and the postoperative extubation time was 4.3(3.5-5.0) days, postoperative hospital stay 5.8(5.0-6.5) days. Postoperative pathology showed that Gleason score 3+ 4=7 in 1 case, 4+ 3=7 in 3 cases, 8 points in 4 cases, and 10 points in 1 case; 3 cases had positive resection margins, and 1 case had seminal vesicle invasion, the average number of dissected lymph nodes was 10.9 (8.5-14.0), and there was no tumor metastasis. Pathological T staging included 2 cases of T 2b stage, 5 cases of T 2c stage, 1 case of T 3a stage, and 1 case of T 3b stage. Two patients were undiagnosed by rapid freezing pathology, of which one was prostate adenocarcinoma with a Gleason score of 4+ 3=7, and then received RALP; the other one was prostate inflammation. 11 patients were followed up; the postoperative follow-up time was 3-7 months, with an average of 5.2 months. Among the 10 patients who underwent RALP, 8 patients recovered urinary continence 2 weeks after surgery, and all recovered within 2 months after surgery. Three patients with positive surgical margins were given regular androgen deprivation therapy in the second week after surgery. PSA did not drop below 0.1 ng/ml in patients with positive margins and seminal vesicle invasion 3 months after surgery. No complications of Clavien grade Ⅰ or higher occurred after operation and during follow-up. Conclusions:For patients with high suspicion of prostate cancer, rapid frozen pathological examination of prostate biopsy tissue is performed. RALP is performed immediately for patients with prostate cancer. The results show that this diagnosis and treatment model could be safe and feasible.

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Journal of Environmental and Occupational Medicine ; (12): 512-518, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-960440

ABSTRACT

Background Previous studies have confirmed that nicotine exposure is an independent risk factor for miscarriage, but it is not clear whether nicotine causes unexplained recurrent spontaneous abortion (URSA) through oxidative stress. Objective To explore potential mediating effect of oxidative stress on the relationship between nicotine exposure and URSA. Methods Using a 1∶1 matched case-control study, 88 patients with URSA visiting Beijing Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital affiliated to Capital Medical University from April to October in 2018 were selected as the case group, and 88 pregnant women without adverse pregnancy outcomes and seeking induced abortion in the outpatient clinic of the same hospital were selected as the control group. The levels of 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) and 8-iso-prostaglandin F2α (8-iso-PGF2α) in urine were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and the level of urinary nicotine was determined by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Conditional logistic regression was used to analyze the associations of nicotine, 8-OHdG, and 8-iso-PGF2α with the risk of URSA. Multiple linear regression was used to analyze the association of nicotine with 8-OHdG and 8-iso-PGF2α. The potential mediating effect of oxidative stress on URSA after nicotine exposure was explored by dichotomous mediating model. Results The median concentrations (creatinine corrected) of nicotine, 8-OHdG, and 8-iso-PGF2α in urine of the case group were 7.78, 4.84, and 44.10 μg·g−1, respectively, while those of the control group were 6.48, 3.34, and 29.39 μg·g−1, respectively. The concentrations of nicotine, 8-OHdG, and 8-iso-PGF2α in urine of the case group were all higher than those of the control group (P < 0.05). The results of conditional logistic regression model showed that after adjusting selected confounding factors, compared with the Q1 groups of nicotine and 8-iso-PGF2α, the OR (95%CI) values of URSA in the Q4 groups were 4.20 (1.33-13.29) and 6.25 (1.66-23.59), respectively. Compared with the Q1 group of 8-OHdG, the OR (95%CI) values of URSA in the Q1, Q2, and Q3 groups were 5.47 (1.43-20.93), 4.24 (1.28-14.07), and 6.36 (1.82-22.28), respectively. The results of multiple linear regression showed that after adjusting confounding factors, there was a positive correlation between urinary nicotine and 8-OHdG in both the case group and the control group, and the b (95%CI) values were 0.76 (0.67-0.86) and 0.81 (0.67-0.95) respectively; there was a positive correlation between urinary nicotine and 8-iso-PGF2α in both the case group and the control group, and the b (95%CI) values were 0.65 (0.55-0.75) and 0.76 (0.64-0.87), respectively. The results of dichotomous mediating analysis showed that the mediating effect of 8-iso-PGF2α and its 95%CI on the relationship between nicotine exposure and URSA was 1.518 (0.749-2.311). Conclusion Internal nicotine exposure is a risk factor for URSA and is positively correlated with oxidative stress, and it may lead to URSA through lipid peroxidation damage.

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Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 296-300, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004369

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【Objective】 To explore the viability of classification management of HIV reactive blood donors based on test results in blood screening laboratory. 【Methods】 According to the HIV test results of blood donors (including twice ELISA and once NAT), the HIV reactive blood donors were divided into three groups. Group 1 was all-test reactive (both ELISA and NAT were reactive), group 2 serological reactive (only ELISA was reactive), and group 3 NAT reactive (only NAT was reactive). The HIV test results of 191 628 blood donors from May to December 2017 were analyzed. Samples with positive RIBA results and / or the repeated reactive NAT results were determined as HIV true positive. The yielding rates of HIV true positivity in each group were analyzed. Receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC curve) was used to elevate the S/CO limit under 99% specificity as the blood donor deferral limit for ELISA. 【Results】 A total of 180 HIV reactive samples were detected out of 191 628 blood donors, including 77 positive cases in group 1, 100 in group 2 and 3 in group 3. 1) The HIV reactive results were diverse. Among the 82 true positive blood donors, 4 were early HIV infection (3 HIV antibody+ antigen window period yield, 1 HIV antibody window period yield), 2 were suspected elite controllers, and 76 cases were both serology and NAT reactive. 2) The overall yielding rate of HIV was 47.67%, with group 1 (100%) = group 3 (100%) > group 2 (2.17%), showing statistically significant (P0.05). All true positive blood donors in group 1 and group 2 could be accurately screened by using the blood donor deferral limit for ELISA1 and ELISA2 simultaneously. 【Conclusion】 The composition of HIV results among blood donors is diverse and complex. It is necessary to continuously improve the awareness of HIV prevention and control. The classification of HIV reactive blood donors is conducive to conduct fine and scientific management. The blood donors in group 1 and group 3 should be permanently deferral, and the suspected HIV elite controllers in group 2 should be paid attention to and permanently deferral.

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Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 278-283, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004365

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To explore the research status, hotspots, development trend and frontier of RBC storage lesion. 【Methods】 The Web of Science core collection database (http: //webofscience.com) was used to retrieve the documents related to " red blood cell storage lesion" from 2005 to 2021. After the exclusion of unrelated documents, CiteSpace (CiteSpace.5.7.R2) was used for bibliometric analysis, including author (all signatories of the article), institution and country (to which the article is affiliated), journal, key words and cited literatures. 【Results】 A total of 508 literatures were included, accounting for 91.86% (508/553) of all publication concerning " RBC storage lesion" in this period. The annual growth rate of publications was 14.38%. There were 1 868 authors totally, and 39.76% (202/508) of them published more than 3 papers. D ′Alessandro A from the United States ranked first [7.68% (39/508)], Univ Colorado System and Univ Pittsburgh were the top two institutions [7.28% (37/508) and 7.09% (36/508), respectively]. The United States [53.35% (271/508)], Canada [13.19% (67/508)], the United Kingdom [6.50% (33/508)] and Switzerland [6.10% (31/508)] were the top 4 countries. Keywords co-occurrence network, emergent atlas and literature co-citation cluster atlas mainly focused on mechanism research, clinical trials, improvement of RBC storage conditions and reduction of RBC storage lesion. 【Conclusion】 The most important researchers and institutions in the field of RBC storage lesion in the past 17 years were mainly from the United States and Europe. The application of metabolomics and other technologies, the mechanism of RBC storage lesion, the selection of donor diversity, and the research and development of new preservation solutions or additives are the hotspots and frontiers in this field.

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Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 237-241, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004354

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【Objective】 To investigate the effect of trehalose added to M-Sol on platelet preservation at 4℃ in vitro. 【Methods】 Seven bags of ABO homotype concentrated platelets were randomly selected and divided into 7 groups according to storage temperature, preservation medium and trehalose concentration: 22℃+ PRP group, PRP group, M-Sol+ PRP group, M-Sol+ PRP+ 1 g/L trehalose group, M-Sol+ PRP+ 5 g/L trehalose group, M-Sol+ PRP+ 15 g/L trehalose group and M-Sol+ PRP+ 25 g/L trehalose group. PRP group and M-Sol preservation groups were stored at 4℃. Plt, PDW, MPV, maximum aggregation, CD62p positive rate, GLU and LAC concentration were detected on the 1st, 3rd, 5th and 7th day after preservation, and the changes of GLU and LAC concentration within 7 days were calculated. 【Results】 With the extension of preservation time, Plt decreased in all groups, and there was no significant difference among groups at the same time (P>0.05). PDW and MPV increased in all groups. When preserved to the 7th day, the PDW 10.22±0.43(fL) and MPV 8.74±0.40(fL) of M-Sol+ PRP+ 5 g/L trehalose group were the lowest, which was significantly different from that of 22℃+ PRP group (P0.05). During the preservation period, the maximum aggregation degree of each group decreased gradually. Except for the PRP group, the maximum aggregation degree of the M-Sol+ PRP+ 5g/L trehalose group was the highest(27.29±6.62), which was significantly higher than that of the 22℃+ PRP group on the 7th day after preservation (P<0.05). On the 7th day after preservation, the positive rate of CD62p in M-Sol+ PRP+ 5g/L trehalose group was the lowest(15.46±2.46), and there was significantly different compared with other groups (P<0.05). 【Conclusion】 Adding appropriate concentration of trehalose to M-Sol can inhibit platelet activation at 4℃ and reduce platelet storage lesion.

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