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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879175

ABSTRACT

Resina Draconis, a rare and precious traditional medicine in China, is known as the "holy medicine for promoting blood circulation". According to the national drug standard, it's derived from the resin extracted from the wood of Dracaena cochinchinensis, a Liliaceae plant. In addition, a variety of Dracaena species all over the world can form red resins, and there is currently no molecular identification method that can efficiently identify the origin of Dracaena medicinal materials. In this study, seven species of Dracaena distributed in China were selected as the research objects. Four commonly used DNA barcodes(ITS2, matK, rbcL and psbA-trnH), and four highly variable regions(trnP-psaJ, psbK-psbI, trnT-trnL, clpP) in chloroplast genome were used to evaluate the identification efficiency of Dracaena species. The results showed that clpP sequence fragment could accurately identify seven species of Dracaena plants. However, due to the long sequence of clpP fragment, there were potential problems in the practical application process. We found that the combined fragment "psbK-psbI+ trnP-psaJ" can also be used for accurate molecular identification of the Resina Draconis origin plants and relative species of Dracaena, which were both relatively short sequences in the combined fragment, showing high success rates of amplification and sequencing. Therefore, the "psbK-psbI+ trnP-psaJ" combined fragment can be used as the DNA barcode fragments for molecular identification of Resina Dracon's origin plants and relative species of Dracaena. Research on the identification of Dracaena species, the results of this study can be used to accurately identify the original material of Resina Draconis, and providing effective means for identification, rational development and application of Resina Draconis base source.


Subject(s)
China , DNA Barcoding, Taxonomic , DNA, Plant/genetics , Dracaena/genetics , Plants , Resins, Plant , Sequence Analysis, DNA
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827209

ABSTRACT

To ensure the safety of medications, it is vital to accurately authenticate species of the Apocynaceae family, which is rich in poisonous medicinal plants. We identified Apocynaceae species by using nuclear internal transcribed spacer 2 (ITS2) and psbA-trnH based on experimental data. The identification ability of ITS2 and psbA-trnH was assessed using specific genetic divergence, BLAST1, and neighbor-joining trees. For DNA barcoding, ITS2 and psbA-trnH regions of 122 plant samples of 31 species from 19 genera in the Apocynaceae family were amplified. The PCR amplification for ITS2 and psbA-trnH sequences was 100%. The sequencing success rates for ITS2 and psbA-trnH sequences were 81% and 61%, respectively. Additional data involved 53 sequences of the ITS2 region and 38 sequences of the psbA-trnH region were downloaded from GenBank. Moreover, the analysis showed that the inter-specific divergence of Apocynaceae species was greater than its intra-specific variations. The results indicated that, using the BLAST1 method, ITS2 showed a high identification efficiency of 97% and 100% of the samples at the species and genus levels, respectively, via BLAST1, and psbA-trnH successfully identified 95% and 100% of the samples at the species and genus levels, respectively. The barcode combination of ITS2/psbA-trnH successfully identified 98% and 100% of samples at the species and genus levels, respectively. Subsequently, the neighbor joining tree method also showed that barcode ITS2 and psbA-trnH could distinguish among the species within the Apocynaceae family. ITS2 is a core barcode and psbA-trnH is a supplementary barcode for identifying species in the Apocynaceae family. These results will help to improve DNA barcoding reference databases for herbal drugs and other herbal raw materials.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-230935

ABSTRACT

Cycloartenol, a phytosterol compound, also one of the key precusor substances for biosynthesis of numerous sterol compounds, has a variety of pharmacological activities such as anti-inflammatory, anti-tumor, antioxidant, antibiosis and anti-alzheimer's disease. Furthermore, cycloartenol also plays an important role in the process of plant growth and development. This article reviewed the research progress on cycloartenol pharmacological activity in domestic and foreign articles, and summarized the effect of cycloartenol and "cycloartenol pathway" on the plant growth and development, laying foundation for the its further study, development and utilization.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-258410

ABSTRACT

In order to find out the composition, characteristics and traditional utilization characteristics of Dai medicine and promote the rational protection, inheritance and utilization of the resources and traditional knowledge of Dai medicine in China, the resources of traditional Dai medicine have been investigated systematically and the traditional knowledge of Dai medicine have been analyzed in the article. We found out that there were altogether 1 077 kinds of traditional Dai medicine in China and among which 272 were the first time recorded in the condition of Dai folk medical uses. There were 1 053 plant medicines which belong to 169 family and 694 genus. These plant medicines mainly distributed in the southern, west southern and east southern area of Yunnan province, the southern area of Guangxi, Guangdong, Guizhou, Sichuan, Fujian province and tropical, subtropical district as Taiwan, and more than 94.49% plant medicines could be found in Yunnan province. From the point of plant life form, they were major herbaceous or shrubby plants; When it is used as medicinal part, root and rhizome of plants account for the highest proportion, the next were whole plant and leaves. From nature, flavor and channel tropism points of view, the largest proportion of Dai medicines were cool, bitter-tasted and possesses water element. In terms of treatment of disease types, most of the drugs can treat gastrointestinal diseases, next were drugs that could be used to treat upper respiratory infection, traumatological and rheumatic diseases, urinary infection, gynecological diseases, hepatopathy, puerperium fever and diseases caused by poisonous insects and beast of prey bite. The study revealed that the resources of traditional Dai medicine and traditional knowledge of application were abundant in China, but the resources of traditional Dai medicine and traditional knowledge of application were faced with the risk of gradually reduce and loss. The article suggested that we should take measures to strengthen the study of protection and utilization of important traditional Dai medicine and endangered resources along with the protection and transmission of traditional knowledge of Dai nationalistic medicine.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-854167

ABSTRACT

Objective: To screen a DNA barcoding sequence that can identify the medicinal plants of Flemingia Roxb. ex Ait. et Ait. f. accurately and efficiently. Methods: Four species and 14 individuals of Flemingia Roxb. ex Ait. et Ait. f. were collected, the (second internal transcribed spacer, ITS2) of ribosomal DNA, rbcL, psbA-trnH of chloroplast DNA were amplified and sequenced. Meanwhile, the NCBI data were retrieved and the according sequence was downloaded. The total numbers of species and individuals were six and twenty. The PCR amplification and sequencing efficiency, barcoding gap, and NJ trees were used to evaluate the efficiency of species identification. Results: The sequencing success rates of ITS2, rbcL, and psbA-trnH were 100%, 100%, and 85.71%, respectively; Among the three DNA barcoding sequences, only ITS2 has remarkable barcoding gap; ITS2 could distinguish every species of Flemingia Roxb. ex Ait. et Ait. f. (except F. philippinensis and F. stricta). Conclusion: ITS2 could identify the medicinal plants of Flemingia Roxb. ex Ait. et Ait. f. accurately and efficiently, and could be used as an ideal DNA barcoding of species identification for medicinal materials of Flemingia Roxb. ex Ait. et Ait. f.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-300236

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To identify the original plant of "Daibaijie", commonly used Dai herb.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The literature review, morphology and anatomy, pharmacognosy, molecular biology, chemistry were used to analysis.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Daibaijie's historical scientific name, Dregea sinensis Hemsl., was mistakenly given "Daibaijie" and D. sinensis have significant differences from the distribution, morphology and anatomy, pharmacognosy, molecular biology and chemical composition. "Daibaijie" matches with the characteristics of Marsdenia tenacissima (Roxb.) Moon in Flora of China in English.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Daibaijie's original plant is M. tenacissima (Roxb.) Moon. The description and illustration of M. tenacissima (Roxb.) Moon in Flora of China in China are wrong. The illustration of M. tenacissima in Flora of China in English is wrong too.</p>


Subject(s)
China , Ethnology , Herbal Medicine , Marsdenia , Classification , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Plant Components, Aerial , Classification
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-855190

ABSTRACT

Objective: To identify and preliminarily analyze the plants of Marsdenia R. Br. and its related species by ITS2 and rbcL sequences. Methods: The ITS2 and rbcL regions were amplified and sequenced directly. The sequence was manually calibrated using CodonCode Aligner, and splited and jointed by Contig software. The genetic distance analysis was carried out by MEGA 4.0 and the phylogenetic tree was constructed using the Neighbor-joining method. Results: The samples analyzed were well identified by ITS2 and rbcL sequences, and the authentication ability of ITS2 was superior to rbcL. The genetic relationship among the plants of Marsdenia R. Br., Dregea E. Mey., and Gymnema R. Br. was very close. Conclusion: ITS2 and rbcL sequences could distinguish Marsdenia R. Br. species very well, and the authentication ability of ITS2 is superior to rbcL. The preliminary studies suggest that the Dregea E. Mey. and Gymnema R. Br. should be classified into genus Marsdenia R. Br.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-855501

ABSTRACT

Objective To detect the genetic diversity of 30 populations of Phyllanthus urinaria from some provinces of China. Methods ISSR was used to analyze the genetic diversity of 30 populations of P. urinaria from Chongqing, Shaanxi, Henan, Yunnan, Guangxi, Guangdong, Zhejiang, Guizhou, Fujian, and Hainan Provinces of China. Results Twenty four primers selected from 60 ISSR primers were used for amplification and a total of 264 DNA bands were obtained, including 245 polymorphic bands and 19 common bands. At species level, the average percentage of polymorphic bands (PPB) was 92.80%. The range of the genetic similarity (GS) value was 0.579 5-0.916 7, with a higher genetic diversity. Cluster analysis showed that the P. urinaria population was roughly divided into three branches: inland branch, coastal branch, and transition branch which located in Yunnan Province; Individual populations presented obvious specificity. Conclusion The genetic diversity of germplasm resources in P. urinaria is higher.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-855662

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the genetic diversity of germplasm resources for Amomi Fructus from various habitats in different phenotypes. Methods: Inter-simple sequence repeats (ISSR) markers were used to analyze the genetic diversity and the genetic relationship among 21 samples Amomi Fructus collected from Yunnan, Hainan, Guangdong, and Fujian Provinces; At the same time, the phenotypic characters of 16 Amomum villosum samples were measured in height, stem diameter, blade number, and blade size, etc. Then cluster analysis on all populations of Amomi Fructus was carried out based on the above data. Results: Eleven primers selected from 60 ISSR-primers were used for amplification and a total of 54 DNA bands were obtained,including 22 polymorphic bands. At species level, the average percentage of polymorphic bands (PPB) was 40.74%, Nei's gerne diversity (H) was 0.116 1, Shannon's information index (I) was 0.184 2. There was a little difference of morphological characteristics. Conclusion: The genetic diversity of germplasm resources in Amomi Fructus is lower.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-855543

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the genetic relationship of the plants in Flemingia Roxb. ex Ait. et Ait. f. and make preliminary quality accessment, in order to provide the theoretical basis for screening the new medicinal resource. Methods: Inter-simple sequence repeats (ISSR) markers were used to analyze the genetic relationship of 14 species in Flemingia Roxb. ex Ait. et Ait. f.. Meanwhile, spectrophotometry was used to measure total flavones. Results: Thirty primers were screened out of 60 ISSR random primers and produced 367 bands totally. Among them 363 bands (98.91%) were polymorphic, four bands were owned by all; The genetic similarity (GS) was 0.5668-0.8338, showing abundant genetic diversity; F. wallichii and F. philippinensis have the closest genetic relationship, F. lineate and F. chappar have the largest genetic distance; The highest content of total flavones is in F. mengpengensis and secondary is in F. philippinensis, total content of flavones in F. wallichii is above average. Conclusion: The plants in Flemingia Roxb. ex Ait. et Ait. f. have the abundant genetic diversity. As medicinal plants, F. wallichii has the potential for replacing F. philippinensis.

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