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Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 545-549, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-357964

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Overexpression of G-protein coupled receptor 34 (GPR34) affects the progression and prognosis of human gastric adenocarcinoma, however, the role of GPR34 in gastric cancer development and progression has not been well-determined. The current study aimed to investigate the effect of GPR34 knockdown on the proliferation, migration, and apoptosis of HGC-27 gastric cancer cells and the underlying mechanisms.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The expression of GPR34 in gastric cancer cell line HGC-27 was detected by quantitative real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and Western blotting. HGC-27 cells were employed to construct the stable GPR34 knockdown cell model in this study. Real-time RT-PCR and Western blotting were applied to validate the effect of short hairpin RNA (ShRNA) on the expression of GPR34 in HGC-27 gastric cells. The proliferation, migration of these cells were examined by Cell Counting Kit-8 and transwell. We also measured expression profile of PI3K/PDK1/AKT and ERK using Western blotting.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The ShRNA directed against GPR34 effectively inhibited both endogenous mRNA and protein expression levels of GPR34, and significantly down-regulated the expression of PIK3CB (P < 0.01), PIK3CD (P < 0.01), PDK1 (P < 0.01), phosphorylation of PDK1 (P < 0.01), Akt (P < 0.01), and ERK (P < 0.01). Furthermore, GPR34 knockdown resulted in an obvious reduction in HGC-27 cancer cell proliferation and migration activity (P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>GPR34 knockdown impairs the proliferation and migration of HGC-27 gastric cancer cells in vitro and provides a potential implication for therapy of gastric cancer.</p>


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Genetics , Physiology , Blotting, Western , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Genetics , Physiology , Humans , RNA, Small Interfering , Genetics , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Receptors, Lysophospholipid , Genetics , Metabolism , Stomach Neoplasms , Genetics , Metabolism
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