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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1971-1977, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-825175

ABSTRACT

Antibody drug conjugates (ADCs), as they combine the targetability of monoclonal antibody and cytotoxicity of small molecules, are a growing class of therapeutics for cancer. The key factor of ADCs development is the accurate selection of parameters including tumor target, monoclonal antibody, cytotoxic payload, and linkage strategy of antibody to payload. Here, we summarize the main elements in the structural design and the development of ADCs, as well as the regulatory consideration of product manufacturing and control, which would be helpful for the research and development of ADCs.

2.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (6): 338-340, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-643173

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo compare the effect of three serological methods for detection of Yersina pestis F1 antibody.MethodsF1 antibody of Yersinapestis was detected with the methods of enzyme linked immunosorbent assay(EL1SA),indirect hemagglutination assay(IHA) and gold-immunochromatography assay (GICA),respectively.ResultsThe highest antibody titer was 1 ∶ 5120 by ELISA and 1 ∶ 640 by IHA.Meanwhile,the highest antibody titer of GICA was 1∶ 1280.ConclusionsEL1SA is the most sensitive method in detection of Yersina pestis F1 antibody.The sensitivity of GICA is low and that of IHA is the lowest of three serological methods.

3.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (6): 326-328, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-642669

ABSTRACT

Objective To develop a rapid test for the detection of F1 antigen of Yersinia Pestis based on gold-immunochromatography.Methods F1 antibodies were coupled with colloidal gold to prepare collidal gold reagent,which was used to detect F1 antibodies based on double antigen sandwich.The collidal gold reagent was estimated for its sensitivity specificity and stablity in labs and 1798 samples were detected in 17 surveillance spots.Results The reagent was sensitive to 0.0010 g/L F1 antigens.The reagens kept stable when it had been placed at 4℃ or room-temperature for 12 months and did not react to Yersinia pseudotuberculosis and Yersinia enterolitica.In 17 surveillance labs the reagent was used to test 1798 viscera samples from animal.resulting an accordance rate of 97.11%(1746/1798)to bacterial culture and 96.83%(1741/1798)accordance to reverse indirect hemagglutination assay(RIHA),showing a higher detection rate[9.23%(166/1798)]compared with RIHA[6.79%(122/1798)]and bacterial culture[6.28%(113/1798)].Conclusions The collidal gold reagent,sensitive and specific in diagnosing Yersinia pestis infection of both human and animals,is a rapid method in surveillance spot.

4.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 426-429, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-294323

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To apply and evaluate new methods regarding specific gene and antigen detection in plague surveillance program.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>1798 samples from natural foci of plague were tested, using internal quality control multiple-polymerase chain reaction, F1 antigen marked by immuno chromatographic assay and enzyme linked immunosorbent assay. Culture of Yersinia pestis and reverse indirect hemagglutination assay were used as reference diagnostic methods.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The overall positive rate of culture on Yersinia pestis together with gene and antigen detection was 7.34%, showing an 16.81% increase when comparing to 6.28% using Yersinia pestis culture method alone. The rate of coincidence was 97.13%.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The new standard being used for specific gene and antigen detection could increase the positive rate of diagnosis on plague.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Bacterial Proteins , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Mice , Plague , Microbiology , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Yersinia pestis , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Virulence
5.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 982-988, 2005.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-288313

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Activation and proliferation of hepatic stellate cells (HSC) is essentially involved in the development and progression of hepatic fibrosis. The most potent growth factor for HSC is platelet-derived growth factor receptor (PDGF) and PDGF receptor beta subunit (PDGFR-beta) is the predominant signal transduction pathway of PDGF which is overexpressed in activated HSC. This study investigated the cleavage activity of hammerhead ribozyme targeting PDGFR-beta mRNA in HSC and the effect on biological characteristics of HSC.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Expression vector of anti-PDGFR-beta ribozyme was constructed and transfected into rat activated HSC with lipofectamin. The positive cell clones were gained by G418 selection. The expression of PDGFR-beta, alpha-smooth muscle actin, and typeI and type III collagen were detected by using Northern blot, Western blot and immunocytochemical staining, respectively. The cell proliferation was determined with MTT colorimetric assay. The cell apoptosis was analyzed by using flow cytometry, acridine orange fluorescence vital staining and transmission electron microscopy.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The expression of PDGFR-beta at mRNA and protein level was markedly reduced in ribozyme-transfected HSC by 49% - 57% (P < 0.05 - 0.01). The proliferation and alpha-smooth muscle actin expression of ribozyme-transfected HSC were significantly decreased (P < 0.05 - 0.01), and the type I and type III collagen synthesis were also reduced (P < 0.01). In addition, the proliferative response of ribozyme-transfected HSC to PDGF BB was significantly inhibited. Otherwise, the apoptotic cells were significantly increased in ribozyme-transfected HSC (P < 0.01), and typical apoptotic cells could be found under transmission electron microscopy.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The anti-PDGFR-beta ribozyme effectively cleaved the target RNA and significantly inhibited its expression, which blocked the signal transduction of PDGF at receptor level, inhibited HSC proliferation and collagen synthesis, and induced HSC apoptosis. These results suggest that inhibiting PDGFR-beta expression of HSC may be a new target for the therapy of liver fibrogenesis, and ribozyme may be a useful tool for inhibiting PDGFR-beta expression.</p>


Subject(s)
Actins , Animals , Apoptosis , Cell Proliferation , Cells, Cultured , Collagen , Liver , Cell Biology , Liver Cirrhosis , Drug Therapy , Pathology , RNA, Catalytic , Pharmacology , RNA, Messenger , Metabolism , Rats , Receptor, Platelet-Derived Growth Factor beta , Genetics
6.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 663-665, 2004.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-233655

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the expression of PDGF receptor-beta and its correlation with extracellular matrix in hepatic tissue during hepatic fibrosis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The model of hepatic fibrosis in rats was induced by carbon tetrachloride. PDGF receptor-beta subunit, collagen I, collagen III and a-SMA in hepatic tissues of these rats were examined using immunohistochemistry. The correlation between PDGF receptor-beta subunit and collagen I, III was analyzed using SAS software after the results of immunohistochemistry were semi-quantified.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>PDGF receptor-beta subunit and a-SMA were not detected in normal controls. Collagen I and III were distributed in the portal tracts and beneath the endothelia of the central veins and of the Disse spaces. Two weeks after CCl4 injection, the PDGF receptor-beta and a-SMA were detected, and the expression of collagen I and III increased. At the end of 4 and 6 weeks, the above four proteins were further increased. Two weeks after CCl4 injection, PDGF receptor-beta had no apparent correlation with collagen I and III. However, PDGF receptor-beta had a significant correlation with collagen I and III 2 weeks later, and the correlation coefficient was 0.74 and 0.60 respectively at 4 weeks, and 0.83 and 0.67 respectively at 6 weeks. PDGF receptor-beta had a significant correlation with a-SMA during the whole process of hepatic fibrosis and the correlation coefficient was 0.62, 0.69 and 0.81, respectively at the time of 2, 4 and 6 weeks after CCl4 injection.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The PDGF receptor-beta was overexpressed during the process of hepatic fibrosis development, and it significantly correlated with collagen I and collagen III.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Carbon Tetrachloride , Carbon Tetrachloride Poisoning , Collagen Type I , Genetics , Collagen Type III , Genetics , Extracellular Matrix , Metabolism , Liver , Metabolism , Liver Cirrhosis, Experimental , Metabolism , Male , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Receptor, Platelet-Derived Growth Factor beta , Genetics
7.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 331-333, 2003.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-305952

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the proliferation of primary cultured rats hepatocytes after delivery of exogenous hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) gene which was inserted into the genome of replication-deficient recombinant adenovirus vector.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The recombinant adenovirus-AdHGF which could express HGF was generated by homologous recombination. After the HGF gene was delivered into the hepatocytes, the expression of both HGF and c-met/HGF receptor mRNA in the cells was detected by RT-PCR and the level of HGF in the culture supernatant was also assayed by ELISA. On the other hand, cell proliferation was compared between before and after delivery of the HGF gene by MTS assay and the percentages of cell cycles were analyzed by flow cytometry. In addition, the expression of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) was determined by immunocytofluorescent stain.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>4 x 10(10) efu/ml titer of AdHGF was obtained after recombination, RT-PCR indicated that the expression of HGF mRNA in hepatocytes increased on the third day after infected by the viruses and c-met/HGF receptor mRNA was also up-regulated. The HGF level in the culture supernatant assayed by ELISA was (5,939.0+/-414.39) pg/ml, which was much higher than that in the control (208.1pg/ml+/-37.20pg/ml, F=13.661, P<0.01). In addition, the proliferation of hepatocytes infected with AdHGF increased significantly according to MTS method (F>or=15.158, P<0.01) and more hepatocytes in G0/G1 stages changed into S stage (chi2=41.616, P<0.01), accordingly, PCNA index increased from 6.42+/- 1.88 to 14.56+/-2.85 (F=42.122, P<0.01).</p><p><b></b>CONCLUSION</p><p><b>THE RESULTS</b>show that HGF gene delivered into hepatocytes by AdHGF can be expressed with high efficiency in the cells, which can stimulate hepatocytes proliferation. It may be an effective tool for hepatocyte transplantation by gene modified donor hepatocytes.</p>


Subject(s)
Adenoviridae , Genetics , Metabolism , Animals , Cell Division , Cell Proliferation , Cells, Cultured , Genetic Vectors , Hepatocyte Growth Factor , Genetics , Pharmacology , Hepatocytes , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Recombinant Fusion Proteins , Genetics , Pharmacology
8.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 278-281, 2003.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-344422

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the cleavage activity of hammerhead ribozyme targeting at platelet-derived growth factor receptor beta subunit (PDGFR- beta) mRNA in hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) and its effect on the biological characters of HSCs.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Expression vector of anti-PDGFR- beta ribozyme was constructed and transfected into rat-derived HSC-T6 cells with lipofectin. The positive cell clones were gained by G418 selection. The expression of PDGFR- beta, alpha-smooth muscle actin (alpha-SMA), and type I and type III collagen was detected by means of northern blot, Western blot and immunocytochemical staining respectively. The cell proliferation was determined with MTT colorimetric assay. The cell apoptosis was demonstrated with flow cytometry, acridine orange fluorescence vital staining and transmission electron microscopy.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The expression of PDGFR- beta at mRNA and protein level was markedly reduced in ribozyme-transfected HSCs only 43% to 51% of that in control cells (t > or = 3.957, P < 0.05), and alpha-SMA expression level, type I and type III collagen synthesis ability were also reduced (t > or = 6.790, P < 0.01). The proliferation of ribozyme-transfected HSCs was significantly decreased (t > or = 3.858, P < 0.05), and the proliferation response to PDGF BB was markedly inhibited. However the apoptotic rate was significantly increased in ribozyme-transfected HSCs (chi2 > or = 14.157, P < 0.01), and typical apoptotic cells could be found under transmission electron microscopy.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The anti-PDGFR- beta ribozyme can be expressed stably in HSCs, cleave the target RNA effectively, inhibit HSCs proliferation and collagen synthesis, and induce HSC apoptosis. The results suggest that inhibiting PDGFR- beta expression in HSCs may be a new therapy for liver fibrosis.</p>


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cell Division , Cells, Cultured , Hepatocytes , Physiology , Humans , Liver , Pathology , RNA, Catalytic , Pharmacology , RNA, Messenger , Receptor, Platelet-Derived Growth Factor beta , Metabolism
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