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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928277

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the accuracy and safety of pedicle screw placement assisted by orthopedic robot and C-arm fluoroscopy.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 36 patients with spinal diseases underwent surgical treatment from January 2019 to August 2020 was retrospectively analyzed. Among them, 18 cases were implanted pedicle screws assisted by orthopaedic robot(observation group), including 12 males and 6 females, aged from 16 to 61 years with an average of (38.44±3.60) years;there were 1 case of adolescent scoliosis, 1 case of spinal tuberculosis, 7 cases of lumbar spondylolisthesis, 4 cases of thoracic fracture and 5 cases of lumbar fracture. Another 18 cases were implanted pedicle screws assisted by C-arm fluoroscopy(control group), including 10 males and 8 females, aged from 18 to 58 years with an average of (43.22±2.53) years;there were 1 case of adolescent scoliosis, 6 cases of lumbar spondylolisthesis, 6 cases of thoracic fracture and 5 cases of lumbar fracture. The intraoperative fluoroscopy times, nail placement time and postoperative complications were recorded in two groups. CT scan was performed after operation. The Gertzbein-Robbins standard was used to evaluate the accuracy of pedicle screw placement which was calculated.@*RESULTS@#The number of intraoperative fluoroscopy in observation group was(6.89±0.20) times, which was significantly higher than that in control group(14.00±0.18)times(P<0.05). The placement time of each screw in observation group was(2.56±0.12) min, which was significantly different from that in control group(4.22±0.17) min (P<0.05). One case of incision infection occurred in control group after operation, and recovered after active dressing change. During the follow-up period, no serious complications such as screw loosening and fracture occurred in two groups, and there was no significant difference in complications between two groups(P>0.05). A total of 107 screws were placed in observation group, including 101 screws in class A, 4 in class B, 2 in class C, 0 in class D and 0 in class E, the accuracy rate of pedicle screw placement=[(number of screws in class A+B) / the number of all screws placed in the group] ×100%=98.1%(105/107); and a total of 104 screws were placed in control group, including 90 screws in class A, 4 in class B, 5 in class C, 5 in class D and 0 in class E, the accuracy rate of pedicle screw implantation=[(number of screws in class A+B/the number of all screws placed in the group]×100%=90.3% (94/104); there was significant difference between two groups (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Orthopaedic robot assisted pedicle screw placement has the advantages of less fluoroscopy times, shorter screw placement time and higher accuracy, which can further improve the surgical safety and has a broad application prospect in the orthopaedic.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Female , Fluoroscopy/methods , Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Pedicle Screws , Retrospective Studies , Robotic Surgical Procedures/methods , Robotics , Scoliosis , Spinal Fusion/methods , Surgery, Computer-Assisted , Young Adult
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879399

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical efficacy and advantage of minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion under microscope-assisted Zista channel in the treatment of degreeⅠandⅡdegenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 18 patients with degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis treated by microscope-assisted Zista channel MIS-TLIF operation from January 2017 to March 2018 were analyzed retrospectively. There were 10 males and 8 females with an average age of 59 years (48 to 70). The course of spondylolisthesis ranged from 6 months to 5 years with an average of 33 months. The segment of spondylolisthesis was L@*RESULTS@#All the patients completed the operation successfully and were followed up more than 12 months after operation. Operation time was(160.45±34.98) min, intraoperative blood loss was (88.32±21.12) ml, postoperative drainage volume was (50.34 ±18.22)ml, and walking time after operation was (20.65±6.25) h. Preoperative and postoperative at 7 days, 3 months, 12 months, VAS score of low back pain was 7.81±2.16, 4.19±1.17, 2.25±0.62 and 1.53±0.58 respectively, VAS score of leg pain was 8.47± 2.21, 3.45±0.86, 2.31±0.73 and 1.43±0.47, JOA score was 12.01±2.33, 18.56±3.12, 23.54±3.31 and 26.34±2.65. There were significant differences in VAS and JOA scores between preoperative and postoperative (@*CONCLUSION@#MIS-TLIF under microscope-assisted Zista channel has obvious minimally invasive advantages in the treatment of degreeⅠandⅡdegenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis, and it is a safe and effective method.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fusion , Spondylolisthesis/surgery , Treatment Outcome
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828282

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical efficacy and advantages of the full endoscopic I See technique for the single-segment degenerative lumbar spinal stenosis.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 38 patients with the single-segment degenerative lumbar spinal stenosis treated by full endoscopic I See technique from January 2017 to March 2018 were analyzed retrospectively. There were 16 males and 22 females, aged from 35 to 79 years with an average of(53.45±12.56) years. Five cases were L, 23 cases were L, 10 cases were LS. The clinical efficacy was evaluated by VAS, ODI and Macnab scores.@*RESULTS@#All the patients were followed up for more than 12 months after operation. The length of operation was from 55 to130 (86.0± 17.5) min. Intraoperative blood loss was ranging from 10 to 50 (17±6) ml, and the hospitalization length was from 3 to 7 days with an average of 4.6 days. The VAS scores of low back pain assessed before operation, and 3 d, 3 months, 12 months post operation were 6.67 ±1.25, 3.87 ±1.35, 2.55 ±1.21, 2.05 ±0.97, respectively, and the differences were statistically significant (P < 0.05);VAS scores of leg pain at these time points were 7.85±2.62, 3.31±1.42, 2.02±1.13, 1.85±0.86, respectively, and the differences were statistically significant (<0.05);ODI scores were 40.32±5.38, 25.76±4.81, 12.66±4.64, 9.32±2.91, respectively, and the differences were statistically significant (<0.05). Tevaluate the lumbar vertebrae function according to the Macnab criteria, 15 cases obtained excellent results, 19 cases were good, and 4 cases were fair.@*CONCLUSION@#Full endoscopic I See technique is effective in the treatment of single-segment degenerative lumbar spinal stenosis, with the advantages of less trauma, shorter hospital stay, and faster recovery.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Decompression, Surgical , Female , Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fusion , Spinal Stenosis , Treatment Outcome
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-792986

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical effects of the Halo-pelvic traction combined with posterior instrumentation correction and internal fixation for the treatment of severe and rigid scoliosis.@*METHODS@#From January 2015 to 2019 May, 16 patients with severe and rigid scoliosis were treated by the Halo-pelvic traction combined with posterior instrumentation correction. There were 7 males and 9 females, aged 14 to 28 years with an average of 17.6 years, Cobb angle was 90° to 140° with an average of (108.84±17.93) °. Including congenital scoliosis in 10 cases (6 cases of dyssegmented scoliosis, 3 cases of dysplasia, 1 case of mixed scoliosis), idiopathic scoliosis in 4 cases and neurofibromatosis in 2 cases. All patients in group had scoliosis corrected by Halo-pelvic distraction combined with posterior instrumentation correction and internal fixation. Among them, 7 cases were treated with self-made guide device for iliac bone puncture, and the other cases with traditional bare hands. The height, scoliosis Cobb angle, kyphosis Cobb angle and correction rate of 16 patients before and after surgery were observed.@*RESULTS@#The body height was corrected from (144.88±6.32) cm to (154.56±7.87) cm ; Cobb angle of scoliosis was corrected from (108.84±17.93) ° to (42.12±7.29) °, Cobb angle of kyphosis was corrected from (64.18±16.39) ° to (33.81±6.06) °. After the Halo pelvic traction, the body height increase, Cobb angle of scoliosis and kyphosis were changed with the mean of (7.06± 5.65) cm, (41.50±9.09)%, (30.52±9.66)%, respectively. After the stage Ⅱ surgical correction, the body height increase, Cobb angle of scoliosis and kyphosis were changed with the mean of (2.63±1.78) cm, (32.47±10.80)%, (15.55±9.47)% (The baseline Cobb angle referenced by the correction rate was the Cobb angle of the previous treatment). The body height increase and correction rate of Cobb angle of scoliosis and kyphosis with staged traction combined with surgery was (9.69±5.42) cm, (61.09 ± 5.03)%, (46.07±8.60)%. There was significant difference in body height increase, correction rate of Cobb angle of scoliosis and kyphosis between before and after each period of treatment (<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Treatment of severe and rigid scoliosis with Halo-pelvic traction combined with stage Ⅱ surgical correction can significantly correct deformities and improve appearance, and has fewer surgical complications and strong clinical operability.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777481

ABSTRACT

A new variety "Zhebei 3(Zhejiao Pharmaceutical 2018002)" was selected and bred from multi seeded Fritillaria thunbergii mutants by systematic breeding method. From 2012 to 2016, the traits assessment, disease resistance appraisal, plot ratios and regional trials of the variety were continuously carried out. The results showed that "Zhebei 3" emerged early and had late seedlings. The average growth period was about 100 days, which was 6 days and 12 days higher than the "Zhebei 1" and "Zhebei 2". The average yield was 5 095.5 kg·hm~(-2), which was 14.42% and 17.71% higher than of the control respectively. The average proliferation rate of bulbs was 261.2%, which was 37.46% and 31.58% higher than that of the control, respectively. The propagation coefficient of bulbs was about 1∶2.6, and the total amount of peimine and peiminine was 0.172 2%, which was 4.49% and 29.47% higher than the control, respectively. The identification of disease resistance showed that it was resistance to bulb stem(soft) rot, better than the control. "Zhebei 3" has stable characters, high yield, good quality, strong disease resistance, and moderate propagation coefficient which is suitable for planting in Zhejiang province.


Subject(s)
Disease Resistance , Fritillaria , Plant Breeding , Plant Diseases , Plant Roots
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-700741

ABSTRACT

The paper analyzes the building and use situation of teaching resources in medical schools and teaces hospitals,expatiates on the importance and the specific construction idea of building the cloud sharing platform of medical teaching resources,which includes optimization of the existing resources,thoughts of architecture,architecture selection and technical realization,points out that the platform is able to enhance medical education level and promote the development of educational informatization.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-692308

ABSTRACT

Due to the diversity and complexity, the change of chemical components in medicinal plant according to the time, cultivated varieties or ecological condition is difficult to recognize using traditional phytochemistry method. In order to analyze the pharmacodynamics material basis in Uighur medicinal plant Artemisia rupestris L. in an effective and comprehensive way, a plant metabolomics approach was established based on liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). This study firstly focused on the effect of extraction solvents,redissolve solvents and ultrasonic time on the untargeted metabolomics, then the optimal preparation condition was selected according to metabolites coverage. After methodology validation, the approach was applied to acquire metabolic information in root, stem, branchlet, leaf and flower of Artemisia rupestris L. The results showed that the metabolome in flower was obviously different with the other organs. Coupling with multivariate statistical analysis, a batch of differential metabolites were picked out, in which 61 flavonoids, 97 rupestonic acid derivatives, 7 chlorogenic acids and 15 other compounds were primarily recognized according to the characteristic fragmentation rules of specific structure type and database retrieval. Additionally,the distribution characteristics of the above 180 differential metabolites was illustrated by cluster heat map. In conclusion,this study provided important information about the rational utilization of effective parts from Artemisia rupestris L.,and offered a novel strategy for quality control,variety improvement and reasonable development of medicinal plants.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-692264

ABSTRACT

As a promising new molecular imaging technique,mass spectrometry imaging(MSI) has attracted more and more attention in the field of biomedicine. A method of air flow assisted ionization-ultra high resolution mass spectrometry-based mass spectrometric imaging (AFAI-MSI) was developed to profile endogenous metabolites in rat kidney tissue in this study. Rat kidneys were collected and cut into frozen tissue sections,and then were analyzed on an AFAI-MSI system in positive ion mode using acetonitrile-isopmpyl alcohol-water (4:4:2,V/V,5 μL/min) as spray solvent,N2as spray gas(0.6 MPa) and air as assisting gas (45 L/min). The mass range and resolution were set to be 70-1000 Da and 70000, respectively. As a result,a total of 38 metabolites, including organic amines, sugars, vitamins, peptides, neurotransmitters, organic acids,phospholipids,sphingolipids,glyceride,and cholesterol esters, were identified and imaged to characterize their tissue-specific distribution in kidney tissues, and some metabolites, such as choline, acetylcoline,betaine,phoshocholine,and glycerophosphocholine were found to have distinct distribution along the cortex-medulla axis,which may be involved in the formation of osmotic pressure gradient in the kidney. The proposed ultra high resolution mass spectrometry based AFAI-MSI method could work without sample pretreatment, showed high sensitivity and wide metabolite coverage, and was expected to provide a new analytical approach for the research of in situ characterization and metabolic regulation mechanism of endogenous metabolites in kidney.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710141

ABSTRACT

AIM To clone the Actin gene in Fritillaria thunbergii Miq.and to make bioinformatics analysis.METHODS The total mRNA in roots,stems,leaves,flowers and bulbs of F.thunbergii was extracted,and the degenerate primer was designed and synthesized.With total mRNA in leaves as a template,the conserved fragments of Actin gene was cloned by RT-PCR and Ta cloning technology.Using this gene as a reference gene,tissue specificity expression analysis was adopted in 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA reductase (HMGR) gene.RESULTS One gene sequence (463 bp) was obtained by RT-PCR amplification and Ta cloning.The Actin gene in F.thunbergii showed high similarities to those in Lilium regale Wilson,Tulipa gesneriana,Ornithogalum caudatum Jacq.,Dendrobium officinale Kimura et Migo,Diospyros kaki Thunb.,Betula luminifera H.Winkl.and Zea mays L.(84%-98%),the homologies of its amino acid sequence to Drosera adelae F.Muell,Brassica napus L.,Vanilla peanigoeia Ancer,L.regale,Jatropha carcas L.,Lycium barbarum L.and Rhizophora stylosa amino acid sequences were all more than 89%,and the Actin protein had close genetic relationships with Lotus corniculatus L.,L.regale and T.gesneriana.The expressions of HMGR gene in various parts of this plant showed obvious differences,which was in sequence of bulbs > flowers > leaves > stems > roots.CONCLUSION It is the first time that Actin gene (named as FtActin) is coloned in F.thunbergii,which can lay the basis for its effective application.

10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-207361

ABSTRACT

To evaluate the effects of chelated Zn/Cu/Mn on redox status, immune responses and hoof health in lactating Holstein cows, 48 head in early lactation were divided into healthy or lame groups according to their gait score. Cows were fed the same amount of Zn/Cu/Mn as sulfate salts or in chelated forms for 180 days, and foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) vaccine was injected at day 90. The results showed that lame cows had lower antioxidant function, serum Zn/Mn levels, hair Cu levels, and hoof hardness. Moreover, increased antioxidant status, FMD antibody titers, serum and hair levels of Zn/Cu/Mn, and hoof hardness and decreased milk fat percent and arthritis biomarkers were observed in cows fed chelated Zn/Cu/Mn. In summary, supplementation with chelated Zn/Cu/Mn improved antioxidant status and immune responses, reduced arthritis biomarkers, and increased accumulation of Zn/Cu/Mn in the body and hoof hardness in dairy cows.


Subject(s)
Animals , Arthritis , Biomarkers , Female , Foot-and-Mouth Disease , Gait , Hair , Hardness , Head , Hoof and Claw , Lactation , Milk , Oxidation-Reduction , Salts
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-789596

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Few studies have reported the effect of aldosterone receptor antagonist (ARA) on myocardial remodeling after acute myocardial infarction (AMI). This study was undertaken to investigate the preventive effect of ARA on myocardial remodeling after AMI.METHODS: A total of 616 patients who had been admitted into the CCU of the First Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University from January 2008 to January 2010 were studied prospectively. Only 528 patients were observed completely, including 266 of the control group and 262 of the treatment group. There was no statistical difference in age, gender, medical history, admission situation, and treatment between the two groups (P>0.05). The preventive effects of spironolactone on cardiac remodeling, left ventricular function, renal function and blood levels of potassium were evaluated by echocardiography, serum potassium and serum creatinine at one-month and one-year follow-up.RESULTS: The echocardiography indicators such as LVESD, LVEDD, LVEF, LAD-ML and LAD-SI were signifi cantly improved in the treatment group compared with the control group at one year (P<0.05). In the treatment group, LVESD, LVEDD, LVPWT, LVEF, LAD-ML and LAD-SI were more significantly improved at one year than one month (P<0.05,P=0.007 to LVEF), and in the control group LVEF was more signifi cantly improved at one year than one month (P=0.0277). There were no signifi cant differences in serum potassium and serum creatinine levels between the two groups.CONCLUSION: On the basis of conventional treatment, the early combination of low-dose spironolactone (20 mg/d) could inhibit cardiac remodeling at late stage and prevent heart failure.

12.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1705-1709, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-298022

ABSTRACT

To screen the harmful substance 5-hydroxymethyl furfural content in commercially available traditional Chinese medicine injection which are commonly used, and to preliminarily evaluate the quality of these injections, 5-hydroxymethyl furfural was taken as an index. The contents of 5-hydroxymethyl furfural in 56 samples which consist of 23 kinds of traditional Chinese medicine injections and glucose injection were determined using LC-MS/MS, and 5-hydroxymethyl furfural was detected in 52 of these samples. The minimal content was 0.0038 microg x L(-1) and the maximum content was 1420 microg x mL(-1). The contents of 5-hydroxymethyl furfural were significantly different in traditional Chinese medicine injection which came from different kinds, manufacturers or batches. The results showed the quality difference of commercially available traditional Chinese medicine injection is significant taking 5-hydroxymethyl furfural content as assessment index. More attention should be paid to the safety of 5-hydroxymethyl furfural in traditional Chinese medicine injection, and unified limitation standard should be set to improve medication safety of traditional Chinese medicine injection.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, Liquid , Drug Combinations , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Eleutherococcus , Chemistry , Furaldehyde , Glucose , Chemistry , Injections , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Plant Extracts , Chemistry , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
13.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 778-784, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-261469

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of recombinant human interleukin-2 (rhIL-2) activated natural killer cells (rhIL-2-NK) on angiogenesis and cardiac function of rats with myocardial infarction (MI).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Natural killer cells (NKs) were isolated and activated by rhIL-2 in vitro. Untreated NKs were used as the control, the killing capacity of rhIL-2-NK were evaluated with cytotoxicity assay. Cardiac microvascular endothelial cells (CMECs) were cocultured with rhIL-2-NK. One hour after MI, rats were randomly divided into rhIL-2-NK group, NK group and blank control group and NK, rhIL-2-NK and PBS were injected directly in the infracted myocardium. At the 0, 1(st), 3(rd), 5(th), 7(th) and 20(th)th day after MI, the mRNA expression of monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1), Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-2 (IL-2) were was detected by q-PCR essay. At the end of the therapy, the platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1(CD31) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) were evaluated through immunohistochemical assay, and the cardiac function observed with echocardiography, homodynamic measurements.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The NKs were isolated successfully and the CMEC were proliferated remarkably by coculturing with rhIL-2-NK (P < 0.01). The mRNA expression of MCP-1, TNF-α, CD31 and rhIL-2, VEGF were significantly upregulated in rhIL-2-NK group than in the PBS control group (P < 0.01). Four weeks after operation, LVEF was significantly higher in rhIL-2-NK group than in the PBS control group [(77.56 ± 15.67)% vs. (41.47 ± 12.21)%, P < 0.05)] and histomorphology assay revealed that the density of microvascular endothelial (MVD) of rhIL-2-NK group was significantly higher than that of PBS control group (17.35 ± 1.82 vs. 4.76 ± 0.92, P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Myocardial injection of rhIL-2-NK could promote angiogenesis and improve cardiac function in MI rats.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Heart , Physiology , Humans , Interleukin-2 , Pharmacology , Killer Cells, Natural , Physiology , Myocardial Infarction , Neovascularization, Physiologic , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Recombinant Proteins , Pharmacology
14.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1405-1409, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-324965

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Cardiac arrest is one of the most serious complications of acute myocardial infarction (AMI), especially in the out-of-hospital patients. There is no general consensus as to whether percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is effective in treating ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients complicated by out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). In our study, we evaluated the efficacy of PCI in treating STEMI patients complicated by OHCA through observing their clinical conditions in hospital; including total mortality, adverse cardiac events, stroke, acute renal failure, and gastrointestinal bleeding events.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 1827 STEMI patients were enrolled in this study, where 81 were STEMI with OHCA. Between the patients with and without OHCA, and the OHCA patients with and without PCI, we compared the clinical characteristics during hospitalization, including total mortality and incidences of adverse cardiac events, and stroke.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared to the patients without OHCA, the OHCA patients had significantly lower systolic blood pressure (P < 0.05) and a faster heart rate (P < 0.05), and a higher percentage of Killip class IV or Glasgow coma scale (GCS) ≤ 7 on admission (P < 0.001). And the in-hospital mortality was higher in the OHCA patients (55.6% vs. 2.4%, P < 0.001). Comparing the OHCA patients without PCI to the patients with PCI, there was no obvious difference of heart rate, blood pressure or the percentage of Killip class IV and GCS ≤ 7 on admission, but the incidences of cardiogenic shock, stroke were significantly lower in the with-PCI group during hospitalization (P < 0.001, P < 0.05). And the in-hospital mortality of the OHCA patients receiving PCI was significantly lower (36.7% vs. 84.3%, P < 0.001).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>During hospitalization, the incidence of adverse events and mortality are higher in the STEMI with OHCA patients, comparing with the STEMI without OHCA. Emergency PCI reduces the incidence of adverse events and decreases mortality during hospitalization, which is effective for treating STEMI with OHCA patients.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary , Electrocardiography , Emergencies , Female , Hospital Mortality , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Myocardial Infarction , Mortality , Therapeutics , Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest
15.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 864-867, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-293464

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To summarize the clinical experience of trastuzumab treatment in neoadjuvant, adjuvant, metastatic setting of Chinese patients with Her-2 positive breast cancer and evaluate the efficacy of trastuzumab in combination with chemotherapy.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From January 2004 to December 2008, 141 outpatients with breast cancer treated with trastuzumab were investigated retrospectively. The follow-up time ranged from 3 to 319 months. The disease free survival time (DFS) of metastatic setting was calculated. The overall survival time (OS), time to treatment failure (TTF) and clinical response rate (CRR, including complete response, partial response and stable disease) of adjuvant, first-line, second-line therapy were analyzed statistically.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In the neoadjuvant regimen, paclitaxel plus carboplatin in combination with trastuzumab accounted for 66.7%, which achieved pathological complete response in 10 of 16 patients. In the adjuvant regimen, anthracycline or anthracycline followed by taxane accounted for 53.9%. The median DFS of 57 cases with metastatic diseases was 17 months. The CRR of first-line trastuzumab use in metastatic setting was 84.5%, compared with 44.4% of second-line use. The median TTF of first-line treatment was 24 months compared with 5 months of second-line treatment. Statistically significant differences were observed.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The regimen of paclitaxel plus carboplatin in combination with trastuzumab deserves wide clinical use. In metastatic setting, first-line treatment of trastuzumab plus chemotherapy can achieve a higher response rate than second-line treatment. Continued trastuzumab therapy combined with different chemotherapy treatment after disease progression may obtain additive clinical advantage.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Anthracyclines , Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized , Therapeutic Uses , Antineoplastic Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Therapeutic Uses , Breast Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Pathology , Bridged-Ring Compounds , Carboplatin , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Disease-Free Survival , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Middle Aged , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Neoplasm Metastasis , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Paclitaxel , Receptor, ErbB-2 , Metabolism , Retrospective Studies , Survival Rate , Taxoids , Trastuzumab , Treatment Failure
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-317850

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze the injuries after the earthquake with otorhinolaryngology symptoms and the characteristics of with injuries and to provide some information when dealing with similar disasters in the future.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The basic information of earthquake-related injuries with otorhinolaryngology symptoms was collected in 11 large and medium-sized hospitals (including foreign medical teams) in Mianyang City and the surrounding four hard-hit counties. Their characteristics were analyzed together.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There were 289 patients that have otorhinolaryngology symptoms in the 11 included hospitals, among them there were 217 cases have definite records that could be analyzed. The data showed that damage to ear and head and neck injuries as the main symptoms was large proportion of injuries suffer multiple fractures and soft tissue injuries such as skin abrasions . Nose injury and facial fractures were also common. Orbital fracture and eye damage could be combined occurred. Brain injury and skull fractures often occurred while trachea and throat injury was rare happened.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Different disaster cause different damage. After the establishment of disaster-related injuries in professional spectrum more active and effective could be behaved in life rescue and the arrangement of personnel and material when dealing with similar situations.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Child , Child, Preschool , China , Epidemiology , Disasters , Earthquakes , Facial Injuries , Epidemiology , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Middle Aged , Otorhinolaryngologic Diseases , Epidemiology , Skull Fractures , Epidemiology , Soft Tissue Injuries , Epidemiology , Young Adult
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-336478

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To clone novel gene from suppression subtraction library established for screening down-regulated genes in gastric carcinoma, and the effects of novel gene on gastric tumorigenicity were analyzed.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Sequencing results of 860 positive colonies chosen randomly were compared by Blast program in GenBank. Novel gene fragment was amplified by rapid amplification of cDNA ends (RACE). The mRNA expression of novel gene was detected by Northern blot and semi-quantitative PCR in 25 cases of gastric carcinoma tissue and counterpart normal gastric mucosa. The structure and chromosomal location of novel gene were investigated by Bio-message technique.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A 233 bp novel gene fragment was screened out from 860 clones and a 802 bp novel gene was obtained by RACE. The novel gene was named as GDDM, registered in the number of AF494508 by GenBank. The mRNA expression of GDDM in gastric carcinoma tissue (4.496+/-0.637) was significantly lower than that in the counterpart normal gastric mucosa (36.919+/-6.290)(P<0.01). Chromosomal location of GDDM gene was at 4q31.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The cloned novel gene, GDDM, is down-regulated in gastric carcinoma, and it is likely to be involved in gastric tumorigenicity.</p>


Subject(s)
Base Sequence , Cloning, Molecular , DNA, Complementary , Down-Regulation , Gene Amplification , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Gene Library , Genes, Neoplasm , Humans , Molecular Sequence Data , Stomach Neoplasms , Genetics , Metabolism
18.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 107-110, 2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-308408

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>It has been proposed that genetic polymorphisms in apoptosis-related genes might be associated with sensitivity of cancer cells to platinum-based chemotherapy. This study examined the relationship between p53 and p73 genetic polymorphisms and the response to platinum-based chemotherapy in patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 165 patients with advanced NSCLC treated with platinum-based chemotherapy were genotyped for the p53 codon 72 Pro-->Arg and p73 exon 2 G4C14-->A4T14 polymorphisms using PCR-RFLP and ARMS-PCR assays. Clinical response to the chemotherapy was obtained after 2 to 3 cycles. The adjusted odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated using unconditional logistic regression model. All statistical tests were two-sided.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The p53 Pro allele carriers had higher response rate than non-carriers (OR = 2.46; 95% CI = 1.11 - 5.45). A higher response rate was also observed for the p73 G4C14/A4T14 or A4T14/A4T14 genotype, compared with the G4C14/G4C14 genotype (OR = 2.22; 95% CI = 1.14 - 4.30). When these two polymorphisms were combined to be analyzed, it was found that the response rate in those carrying the wild-type genotypes at both genes was only 7.7%, whereas the response rates in patients carrying 1, 2, or more than 2 variant alleles of p53 and p73 were 34.8%, 42.2% and 40.7%, respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Those results suggest that p53 and p73 polymorphisms may be associated with clinical responsiveness to platinum-based chemotherapy in advanced NSCLC.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Antineoplastic Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Carboplatin , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung , Drug Therapy , Genetics , Pathology , Cisplatin , DNA-Binding Proteins , Genetics , Exons , Female , Genotype , Humans , Lung Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Genetics , Pathology , Male , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Staging , Nuclear Proteins , Genetics , Paclitaxel , Polymorphism, Genetic , Tumor Protein p73 , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 , Genetics , Tumor Suppressor Proteins , Genetics
19.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 196-199, 2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-308384

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>DNA repair system plays an important role in tumor sensitivity to platinum-based chemotherapy. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between polymorphisms in XRCC1 and XPD, which are involved in DNA repair, and clinical responses to platinum-based chemotherapy in advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>XRCC1 Arg194Trp and XPD Lys751Gln were genotyped by PCR-RFLP method in 200 patients with advanced NSCLC who received platinum-based chemotherapy. Unconditional logistic regression model was used to analyze the association between genetic polymorphisms and clinical responses.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The overall response rate (CR + PR) was 36.0%, including 1 CR, 72 PR, 94 SD and 34 PD. The XRCC1 194Trp allele carriers had higher response rate than the subjects with the Arg/Arg genotype (adjusted OR, 2.48; 95% CI, 1.36 - 4.51, P = 0.003). However, the XPD Lys751Gln polymorphism was not found to be associated with the platinum-based chemotherapy. These two genetic polymorphisms may have some interaction in the drug sensitivity, the P value for the trend was significant (P = 0.004).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Those results suggest that the XRCC1 Arg194Trp and XPD Lys751Gln genetic polymorphisms may be associated with clinical responses to platinum-based chemotherapy in advanced non-small cell lung cancer.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Therapeutic Uses , Carboplatin , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung , Drug Therapy , Genetics , Cisplatin , DNA Repair , Genetics , DNA-Binding Proteins , Genetics , Female , Genotype , Humans , Lung Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Genetics , Male , Middle Aged , Paclitaxel , Polymorphism, Genetic , Remission Induction , Vinblastine , X-ray Repair Cross Complementing Protein 1 , Xeroderma Pigmentosum Group D Protein , Genetics
20.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 111-113, 2005.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-331215

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze the clinical characteristics, survival and prognosis of breast cancer patients under 30 years of age.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>129 breast cancer patients under 30 years treated from Jan 1980 to May 2000 were retrospectively reviewed. Clinical features, survival and prognostic factors were analyzed by SPSS 10.0 statistic software.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Breast cancer patients under 30 years accounted for 2.6% of all breast cancers in our hospital. The overall 5- and 10-year survival rates were 61.5% and 46.7%, respectively. For patients with tumor < or = 3 cm or > 3 cm, the 10-year survival rates were 65.5% and 27.4% (P < 0.01). For those with number of positive axillary lymph nodes 0, 1-3, or > or = 4, the 10-year survival rates were 79.5%, 40.9% or 31.4% (P < 0.01). For patients who had been treated with or without tamoxifen, the 10-year survival rates were 63.7% and 45% (P < 0.01). For those complicated with pregnancy and lactation which was found in 24.8% of such patients, the 10-year survival rate was 44.3%. In the multivariate analysis, independent prognostic factors that might improve the overall survival were tumor size, axillary metastatic status and tamoxifen treatment.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Breast cancer patients aged 30 years and younger may have good prognosis if multimodality treatment is given. Tumor size, axillary metastatic status and tamoxifen treatment are independent prognostic factors. Prognosis of patients, either complicated with pregnancy and lactation or not, is quite similar if the clinical stage is the same and if being treated by the combined therapy.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Therapeutic Uses , Bone Neoplasms , Breast Neoplasms , Mortality , Pathology , Therapeutics , Carcinoma, Ductal, Breast , Mortality , Therapeutics , Carcinoma, Medullary , Mortality , Therapeutics , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Combined Modality Therapy , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Lactation , Lung Neoplasms , Mastectomy , Methods , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Complications, Neoplastic , Pathology , Therapeutics , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Survival Rate , Tamoxifen
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