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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873367

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the distribution of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) syndromes in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) in 6 months after interventional therapy, and to analyze relevant influencing factors. Method:The clinical data of 1 000 patients with coronary heart disease in 6 months after interventional therapy, including the four diagnosis information of TCM, were collected, and the distribution of TCM syndromes and the influencing factors were analyzed. Result:Among 48 kinds of information about the four diagnostic methods of TCM, chest pain was the most frequent (98.10%), among 9 kinds of common TCM syndrome types, blood stasis was the most frequent (89.90%), and the others were heart-Qi deficiency syndrome, phlegm turbidity syndrome, cold-dampness syndrome, kidney-Qi deficiency syndrome, heart-Yin deficiency syndrome, kidney-Yin deficiency syndrome, Heart-Yang deficiency syndrome and kidney-Yang deficiency syndrome in turn. Among 6 common TCM syndrome types, Qi deficiency and blood stasis syndrome were the most frequent (35.40%), and the others were phlegm turbidity and blood stasis syndrome, cold congealing heart pulse syndrome, Qi-Yin deficiency syndrome, heart-kidney Yin deficiency syndrome and heart-kidney-Yang deficiency syndrome in turn. There was no significant difference in sex ratio among different syndrome types . Patients with heart-kidney Yang deficiency syndrome had no significant difference. Compared with the average age of other syndromes, there were significant differences. Common complications included hypertension, diabetes, cerebrovascular diseases and dyslipidemia, among which hypertension had the highest frequency, with significant differences from other diseases (P<0.05). Phlegm, turbidity and blood stasis were found in patients with hypertension. The risk of syndromes was higher (OR=3.29, 95% CI [2.11, 5.05]), while the risk of cold congealing heart pulse syndrome was lower (OR=0.56, 95% CI [0.32, 0.98]), the risk of Qi and Yin deficiency was higher (OR=2.88, 95% CI [2.01, 4.99]), whereas the risk of heart and kidney Yang deficiency was lower (OR=0.54, 95% CI [0.29, 0.95]) when complicated with cerebrovascular diseases. The risk of Qi deficiency and blood stasis was higher (OR=2.97, 95% CI [2.05, 5.28]), while the risk of heart and kidney Yang deficiency was lower (OR=0.54, 95% CI [0.29, 0.95]), the risk of phlegm turbidity and blood stasis was higher when complicated with dyslipidemia (OR=3.55, 95% CI [2.32, 5.29]), and the risk of heart and kidney Yang deficiency was lower (OR=0.54, 95% CI [0.29, 0.95]). The time distribution of the disease had obvious seasonal characteristics. Conclusion:The main distribution characteristics of TCM syndromes in 6 months after coronary heart disease intervention are basically the same as those in patients without intervention. The main TCM syndromes are Qi deficiency and blood stasis syndrome, phlegm turbidity and blood stasis syndrome, cold congealing heart pulse syndrome, Qi-Yin deficiency syndrome, heart-kidney Yin deficiency syndrome and heart-kidney-Yang deficiency syndrome. The distribution pattern may be related to age, complications and seasons.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873313

ABSTRACT

Objective::To explore the distribution characteristics of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) syndromes of critical lesions of coronary heart disease, and determine the classification and diagnostic criteria of syndromes, so as to provide reference for the differentiation and treatment of this disease. Method::Totally 1 000 patients with critical lesions of coronary heart disease treated in the Department of Cardiology, Yunnan Provinceal Hospital of TCM from January 2016 to December 2018 were selected as the subjects by clinical epidemiological research methods. Basic information, diagnosis and treatment of the patients, as well as the information obtained through observation, hearing, inquiry and pulse-taking of TCM were collected. Symptoms, signs, tongue signs, pulse signs and other four diagnostic information, as well as relevant clinical data were collected for mathematical statistics analysis by cluster analysis and factor analysis research methods, and expert group opinions were also included in discussion. Result::First, the results of cluster analysis showed six types of basic TCM syndromes in accordance with the clinically actual critical lesions of coronary heart disease: blood stasis syndrome, phlegm turbidity syndrome, cold congealing heart pulse syndrome, Qi deficiency syndrome, heart-kidney Yin deficiency syndrome, Heart-Yang deficiency syndrome. Second, a factor analysis was carried out on the basis of cluster analysis, and the main syndromes of each basic syndromes were preliminarily determined. Third, because of the duplicate content or the unified combination of different syndromes, the TCM syndromes of the critical lesions of coronary heart disease can be summarized in five categories, namely phlegm turbidity and blood stasis syndrome (368 cases, 36.80%), cold congestion heart pulse syndrome (156 cases, 15.60%), Qi deficiency and blood stasis syndrome (315 cases, 31.50%), Yin deficiency of heart and kidney (91 cases, 9.10%) and Heart-Yang depression (70 cases, 7.00%). The main and secondary syndromes refer to factor analysis results of six basic syndromes. Conclusion::Cluster analysis and factor analysis can be made on TCM syndromes of critical lesions of coronary heart disease to pave the way for the classification of TCM syndromes and the establishment of diagnostic criteria of TCM syndromes of coronary heart disease, with an important clinical significance.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872884

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the relationship between serum homocysteine (Hcy), nitric oxide (NO), high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) as well as the number and degree of coronary lesions, and the effect of Liu Junzitang combined with Erchentang on Hcy, NO, hs-CRP in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD), so as to explore the protector effect of Liu Junzitang combined with Erchentang on CHD patients. Method:A total of 76 inpatients with phlegm turbidity and internal resistance (CHD) from the Cardiovascular Department of Jiangxi University of Traditional Chinese Medicine(TCM) from November 2016 to April 2019 were selected to analyze the relationship between Hcy, NO, hs-CRP as well as the number and degree of coronary lesions. By lottery, the 76 patients were randomly divided into observation group and control group, with 38 patients in each group. Patients in the control group were given conventional therapy, while patients in the observation group were given Liu Junzitang combined with Erchentang in addition to conventional therapy. The experimental period was 3 months. TCM symptom scores of the two groups before and after administration were evaluated. Hcy, NO, hs-CRP, triglyceride (TG), low-density lipoprotein (LDL), high-density lipoprotein (HDL), and total cholesterol (TC), apolipoprotein A1 (Apo A1), apolipoprotein B (Apo B), N-terminal B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) indicators of the two groups were measured before and after administration. Result:The levels of Hcy and hs-CRP were positively correlated with the number and degree of coronary lesions. The level of NO was negatively correlated with the number and degree of coronary lesions. TCM symptom scores were different between the two groups after treatment. Compared with the control group, the TCM symptom score in the observation group was decreased more significantly (P<0.05). The two groups could reduce Hcy, hs-CRP and increase in NO to a certain extent (P<0.05). Compared with the control group, the observation group showed reduction in Hcy, hs-CRP and increase in NO more significantly (P<0.05). After treatment in both groups, TG, LDL, TC, Apo A1, Apo B and HDL were reduced (P<0.05) compared with before treatment. Compared with the control group, the observation group showed decrease in TG, LDL, TC, Apo A1, Apo B and increase in HDL more significantly (P<0.05). Both groups could increase LVEF and decrease NT-proBNP after treatment (P<0.05). Compared with the control group, the observation group increased LVEF and decreased NT-proBNP more significantly (P<0.05). Conclusion:The levels of Hcy and hs-CRP were positively correlated with coronary lesions, while the level of NO was negatively correlated with coronary lesions. Modified Liu Junzitang and Erchentang may be correlated with inhibition of Hcy, hs-CRP and CHD and increase of patient's NO level, thereby reducing the patient's blood lipids, improving the patient's heart function, and improving the patient's clinical symptoms.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-236093

ABSTRACT

To investigate the effect and the mechanism of puerarin in attenuating PM2.5-induced human umbilical vein endothelial cells (EA.hy926) injury, the samples of fine particulate matter (PM2.5) were collected and made into suspension. Different concentrations of PM2.5 (0,20, 200, 400 mg•L⁻¹) were used to contaminate EA.hy926 cells for 24 h. The cells survival rate was detected by MTT assay; cells apoptosis of EA.hy926cells was detected by flow cytometry; the protein levels of p-ERK1/2, Bax and Bcl-2 were detected by Western blot; the contents of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-6 (IL-6), malonaldehyde (MDA), and the activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and lactic dehydrogenase (LDH) were measured by ELISA. Puerarin at different concentrations (10, 50, 100 μmol•L⁻¹) or a specific inhibitor of ERK1/2 pathway PD98059 (20 μmol•L-1) was added into the EA.hy926 cells to observe the intervention effect and mechanism of puerarin. Compared with the control group, PM2.5 reduced the cells survival rate, up-regulatedp-ERK1/2 protein level and Bax/Bcl-2 ratio in a dose dependent manner to promote apoptosis; increased the contents of TNF-α, IL-6 and MDA, the activity of LDH, but decreased SOD activity in the EA.hy926 cells (P<0.05). Compared with PM2.5 group, puerarin increased the cells survival rate, down-regulated p-ERK1/2 protein level and Bax/Bcl-2 ratio in a dose dependent manner to inhibit the apoptosis; decreased the contents of TNF-α, IL-6 and MDA, the activity of LDH, but increased SOD activity in the EA.hy926 cells (P<0.05). The results indicated that puerarin could attenuate PM2.5-induced EA.hy926 cells injury via the inhibition of ERK1/2 pathway.

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