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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908725

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship of interleukin (IL)-37, osteoprotegerin with coronary artery disease and its stenosisdegree.Methods:The prospective research method was used. From April 2018 to June 2019, two hundred and eleven suspected or diagnosed coronary artery disease patients who had chest pain or discomfort in Dalian Friendship Hospital were selected. The patients underwent selective percutaneous coronary angiography and completed coronary stenosis score (Gensini score). According to the degree of coronary stenosis, 211 patients were divided into the control group(coronary stenosis<50%, 45 cases), single-vessel stenosis group (single-vessel stenosis ≥ 50%, 52 cases), double-vesselstenosis group (double-vesselstenosis ≥ 50%, 58 cases), and triple-vessel stenosis group (triple-vessel stenosis ≥ 50%, 56 cases). The levels of fasting blood glucose (FBG), total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), apolipoprotein A1 (ApoA1), apolipoprotein B (ApoB), lipoprotein a, uric acid, creatinine were measured by the automatic biochemical analyzer. The serum levels of IL-37 and osteoprotegerin were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.Results:There were no statistical differences in FBG, uric acid, creatinine, TC, TG, LDL-C, HDL-C, ApoA1 and ApoB among 4 groups ( P>0.05). In the control group, single-vessel stenosis group, double-vessel stenosis group and triple-vessel stenosis group, lipoprotein a was (0.266 ± 0.060), (0.283 ± 0.070), (0.289 ± 0.066) and (0.307 ± 0.084) mg/L respectively; coronary stenosis score was (8.27 ± 7.08), (437.45 ± 98.47), (493.72 ± 125.19) and (522.61 ± 149.34) scores respectively; IL-37 was (342.27 ± 122.36), (437.45 ± 98.47), (493.72 ± 125.19) and (522.61 ± 149.34) ng/L respectively; osteoprotegerin was (378.29 ± 111.95), (458.39 ± 115.37), (502.50 ± 116.88) and (533.39 ± 139.83) ng/L respectively; and there were statistical differences among 4 groups ( P<0.05 or <0.01). IL-37, osteoprotegerin and lipoproteina were positively correlated with coronary stenosis score ( r = 0.43, 0.42 and 0.23, P<0.05), the osteoprotegerin was positively correlated with IL-37( r = 0.73, P<0.05). The multivariate linear regression analysis result showed that the IL-37 and osteoprotegerin were independent protective factors of coronary stenosis degree( β = 0.07 and 0.07, t = 2.72 and 2.57, P<0.01 or <0.05),and lipoproteina was independent risk factor of coronary stenosis degree ( β = 0.97, t = 2.89, P<0.01). Conclusions:IL-37 and osteoprotegerin are positively correlated with the degree of coronary stenosis. They are anti-inflammatory and protective factors of coronary heart disease.

2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 3665-3677, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922433

ABSTRACT

Detailed knowledge on tissue-specific metabolic reprogramming in diabetic nephropathy (DN) is vital for more accurate understanding the molecular pathological signature and developing novel therapeutic strategies. In the present study, a spatial-resolved metabolomics approach based on air flow-assisted desorption electrospray ionization (AFADESI) and matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization (MALDI) integrated mass spectrometry imaging (MSI) was proposed to investigate tissue-specific metabolic alterations in the kidneys of high-fat diet-fed and streptozotocin (STZ)-treated DN rats and the therapeutic effect of astragaloside IV, a potential anti-diabetic drug, against DN. As a result, a wide range of functional metabolites including sugars, amino acids, nucleotides and their derivatives, fatty acids, phospholipids, sphingolipids, glycerides, carnitine and its derivatives, vitamins, peptides, and metal ions associated with DN were identified and their unique distribution patterns in the rat kidney were visualized with high chemical specificity and high spatial resolution. These region-specific metabolic disturbances were ameliorated by repeated oral administration of astragaloside IV (100 mg/kg) for 12 weeks. This study provided more comprehensive and detailed information about the tissue-specific metabolic reprogramming and molecular pathological signature in the kidney of diabetic rats. These findings highlighted the promising potential of AFADESI and MALDI integrated MSI based metabolomics approach for application in metabolic kidney diseases.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864228

ABSTRACT

As an immune complex-mediated renal disease, membranous nephropathy(MN) can occur at all ages.Primary membranous nephropathy(PMN) can lead to end-stage renal disease although it is not common in children.Antibodies against M-type phospholipase A2 receptor / thrombospondin type-1 domain-containing 7A are initially detected in adult PMN, and also present in children and adolescents with PMN.These antibodies serve as useful biomarkers to diagnose and monitor PMN.Rituximab has been successfully used in the treatment of adult PMN, and is possibly effective in children with PMN as well.

4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 1083-1093, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828822

ABSTRACT

Understanding of the nephrotoxicity induced by drug candidates is vital to drug discovery and development. Herein, an metabolomics method based on air flow-assisted desorption electrospray ionization mass spectrometry imaging (AFADESI-MSI) was established for direct analysis of metabolites in renal tissue sections. This method was subsequently applied to investigate spatially resolved metabolic profile changes in rat kidney after the administration of aristolochic acid I, a known nephrotoxic drug, aimed to discover metabolites associated with nephrotoxicity. As a result, 38 metabolites related to the arginine-creatinine metabolic pathway, the urea cycle, the serine synthesis pathway, metabolism of lipids, choline, histamine, lysine, and adenosine triphosphate were significantly changed in the group treated with aristolochic acid I. These metabolites exhibited a unique distribution in rat kidney and a good spatial match with histopathological renal lesions. This study provides new insights into the mechanisms underlying aristolochic acids nephrotoxicity and demonstrates that AFADESI-MSI-based metabolomics is a promising technique for investigation of the molecular mechanism of drug toxicity.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-704991

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect and mechanism of Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) on cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury. Methods Rats were divided into a sham group, MCAO group, and MCAO+TAK group. Cerebral cortices were removed on day 1, 3, 7, and 14 post surgery. Morphological staining and Western blotting were used to detect pathological changes and TLR4 and P-IKKα/β expression in brain tissues. Results The pathological changes in the MCAO+TAK group were more severe than in the MCAO group on day 1 post surgery. However, the MCAO group exhibited more severe damage at the other time points. TLR4 expression was lowest in the cerebral cortices of the sham group. On day 1 and 14 post surgery, TLR4 expression was lower in the MCAO group than in the MCAO+TAK group, while on day 3 and 7 post surgery, TLR4 expression was higher in the MCAO group than in the MCAO+TAK group. P-IKKα/β expression was highest in the cerebral cortices of the MCAO group at all time points except for day 1. Conclusion TLR4 may alleviate cerebral ischemia reperfusion injury in rats on day 1 post surgery; however, TLR4 may exacerbate ischemia repeifusion injury 3 to 14 days post surgery. The mechanism may be due to the effect of P-IKKα/β expression in the cerebral cortex.

6.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1087-1090, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-704742

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To observe the effects of Alprostadil dried emulsion for injection combined with Butylphthalide soft capsules on nerve function,inflammatory factor and coagulation function of patients with severe ischemic stroke. METHODS:A total of 66 patients with severe ischemic stroke selected from our hospital during Jun. 2015-Oct. 2017 were divided into control group and observation group according to random number table,with 33 cases in each group. On the basis of routine treatment, control group was additionally given Butyphthalide soft capsules 0.2 g/time,orally at fasting state,tid. On the basis of control group,observation group was additionally given Alprostadil dried emulsion for injection 10 μg added into 0.9% Sodium chloride injection 10 mL,via slow infusion or slow dripping with pipkin,qd. Both groups were treated for 14 days. NIHSS and Barthel index scores,the levels of serum inflammatory factors(CRP,PCT)and coagulation function indexes(D-D,TT,PT,APTT, FIB)were observed in 2 groups before and after treatment,and the occurrence of ADR was also recorded. RESULTS:Before treatment,there was no statistical significance in above indexes between 2 groups(P>0.05).After treatment,NIHSS scores,the levels of CRP,PCT,D-D and FIB in 2 groups were deceased significantly,while Barthel index scores were increased significantly,TT,PT,APTT were prolonged significantly;observation group was significantly better than control group,with statistical significance(P<0.05). No obvious ADR was found in 2 groups. CONCLUSIONS:Alprostadil dried emulsion for injection combined with Butylphthalide soft capsules can effectively improve nerve function and coagulation function of patients with severe ischemic stroke,and reduce the levels of inflammatory factor with good safety.

7.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 199-203, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-704551

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To investigate risk factors of multidrug-resistant organisms (MDROs) infection in elderly patients of ICU,and to provide reference for formulation and implementation of MDROs prevention and control measures.METHODS:A total of 146 elderly patients were selected from ICU of our hospital during Dec.2013-Jun.2016.Throat swab,sputum swab and anal swab specimens (1 copy,respectively) were collected to conduct active screening of MRSA and ESBLs-producing Enterobacteriaceae.Risk factors of MDROs infection,pathogen distribution and drug resistance were analyzed.RESULTS:Among samples of 146 patients,there were 34 MRSA positive samples in throat swab with positive rate of 23.3%;there were 30 MRSA positive samples in sputum swab with positive rate of 20.5%;there were 99 ESBLs-producing bacteria positive samples in anal swab (containing 50 ESBLs-producing Escherichia coli positive samples and 49 ESBLs-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae positive samples) with positive rate of 67.8%.The positive rate of throat swab MRSA screening was not correlated with patient's gender,age,tracheal intubation or mechanical ventilation (P>0.05),but it was related with hospitalization time in ICU (P<0.05).The positive rate of sputum swab MRSA screening was not correlated with patient' s gender,tracheal intubation or mechanical ventilation;the positive rate of anal swab ESBLs-producing bacteria screening were not related with patient's gender(P>0.05).But they were related with age and hospitalization time in ICU (P<0.05).Compared with negative patients,there was no statistical significance in the times of fiberoptic bronchoscopy in throat/sputum swab MRSA screening positive patients (P>0.05).The times of enema,the times of bladder irrigation,the times of urethral catheterization and the duration of indwelling catheter in anal swab ESBLs-producing bacteria screening positive patients were significantly more or longer than negative patients,with statistical significance (P<0.05).Binary Logistic regression analysis showed that hospitalization time in ICU was risk factor of positive active screening of throat swab in elderly patients of ICU[OR=1.119,95 % CI (1.071,1.385),P=0.021];age was risk factor of positive active screening of sputum swab[OR=1.893,95 % CI (1.232,4.042),P=0.032];age and hospitalization time in ICU were risk factors of positive active screening of anal swab [OR were 1.046,1.022,95%CI were (1.005,1.088) (1.006,3.283),P were 0.027,0.031].A total of 163 strains of MDROs were detected,among which there were 64 strains of MRSA,50 strains of ESBLs-producing E.coli and 49 strains of ESBLs-producing K.pneumoniae.They were generally highly resistant to compound preparation containing enzyme inhibitors.CONCLUSIONS:The results of MDROs active screening in elderly patients of ICU are related with age,hospitalization time in ICU,the times of enema,the times of bladder irrigation,the times of urethral catheterization and the duration of indwelling catheter.Age and hospitalization time in ICU were risk factors of MDROs infection.The pathogens are mainly ESBLs-producing Enterobacteriaceae,and drug resistance is severe.For elderly critical patients with MDROs infection,clinical prevention and intervention measures should be taken to prevent and control the prevalence and spread of MDROs in ICU.

8.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 727-730, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703704

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the predictive value of central venous-to-arterial carbon dioxide difference (Pcv-aCO2) on the prognosis of elderly patients with sepsis.Methods 208 elderly patients who met the diagnostic criteria of the Sepsis-3 and with the age of more than 60 years old, and admitted to intensive care unit (ICU) of Guangdong General Hospital from January to December in 2017 were enrolled. According to the prognosis, the patients were divided into death group (n = 46) and survival group (n = 162). The Pcv-aCO2, central venous oxygen saturation (ScvO2), serum procalcitonin (PCT), C-reactive protein (CRP), sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) and acute physiology and chronic health evaluationⅡ (APACHEⅡ) were collected for all patients. The differences of each index between the two groups were compared. The correlations between Pcv-aCO2 and ScvO2, PCT, CRP, SOFA, APACHEⅡscores were analyzed respectively with Pearson correlation. The prognostic value of Pcv-aCO2 in elderly patients with sepsis was assessed by receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC).Results Compared with survival group, the Pcv-aCO2, PCT, CRP, SOFA and APACHEⅡscores in death group were significantly increased [Pcv-aCO2 (mmHg, 1 mmHg = 0.133 kPa): 6.13±3.33 vs. 4.40±2.65, PCT (μg/L): 31.41±12.83 vs. 3.01±2.69, CRP (mg/L): 130.51± 42.23 vs. 104.46±50.12, SOFA: 12.01±2.25 vs. 9.05±2.06, APACHEⅡ: 29.52±5.03 vs. 20.01±3.21, allP < 0.05], and ScvO2 in death group was significantly decreased (0.571±0.136 vs. 0.685±0.106,P < 0.01). Correlation analysis showed that the Pcv-aCO2 was negatively correlated with ScvO2 (r = -0.762,P = 0.001) and was positively correlated with PCT, CRP, SOFA and APACHEⅡscores (r value was 0.737, 0.625, 0.738, 0.713, respectively, allP < 0.05). ROC curve analysis showed that the area under the ROC curve (AUC) of Pcv-aCO2 prediction of death in patients with sepsis was 0.826, the cut-off was 6.62 mmHg, the sensitivity was 84.7%, the specificity was 77.5%, the positive likelihood ratio was 3.76, and the negative likelihood ratio was 0.19.Conclusion Pcv-aCO2 has a great value in evaluating the prognosis of elderly patients with sepsis and can accurately determine the prognosis of sepsis.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-506016

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects and mechanism of evodiamine on the proliferation and apoptosis of osteosarcoma MG-63 cells.Methods MG-63 cells were cultured with evodiamine for 24 hours,and the cell proliferation was evaluated by methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) assay.Cell cycle arrest,apoptosis and intracellular Ca2+ accumulation were evaluated by flow cytometry.BALB/C mice model of osteosarcoma was established to investigate the tumor inhibitory effect of evodiamine on human osteosarcoma.Wnt/β-catenin signaling protein expressions in osteosarcoma cells were detected by Western blotting.Results As concentration of evodiamine increasing (0.25 μmol/L,0.5 μmol/L,1.0 μmol/L,2.0 μmol/L and 4.0 μmol/L),the inhibition rate of MG-63 ceils increased [(4.18 ± 1.26)%,(15.49 ± 2.26)%,(40.55 ± 6.57)%,(49.87 ±7.69)% and (60.42 ±8.29)%].The difference was statistically significant between 2.0 μmol/L group and the control group (t =-2.66,P < 0.05).MG-63 cells were cultured with 2.0 μmol/L evodiamine for 24 hours,and the apoptotic rate was (64.67 ± 8.63) %,the proportion of S phase cells was (85.33 ± 9.31)%,the fluorescence of Ca2+ was 97.33 ± 21.31.The corresponding data of the control group were (4.94 ± 0.81) %,(43.67 ± 8.92) % and 28.67 ± 8.92,the differences were statistically significant (t =-11.90,P < 0.05;t =-7.22,P < 0.05;t =-6.65,P < 0.05).On mice model,the tumor weight of evodiamine group and the control group was (2.15 ±0.35)g and (4.29 ±0.49)g respectively,the difference was statistically significant (t =7.95,P < 0.05).Comparing with the control group (1.00 ± 0.00),evodiamine decreased the expression of β-catenin protein (0.72 ± 0.36) and increased the expressions of Bax (1.15± 0.27) and Caspase-3 (1.46 ± 0.18) protein,and the differences were statistically significant (t =-3.05,P < 0.05;t =-6.42,P < 0.05;t =-5.85,P < 0.05).Conclusion Evodiamine inhibits proliferation and induces apoptosis of human osteosarcoma MG-63 cells by blocking Wnt/β-catenin signaling.

10.
Chinese Hospital Management ; (12): 16-18, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-617930

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) output efficiency of the coUnty-level TCM hospitals in Jiangsu Province before and after the reimbursement mechanism reform,and to analyze the factors which affect the efficiency of county-level TCM hospitals.Methods Using DEA to analyze the efficiency of county TCM hospitals,and using the Tobit regression to analyze the influence factors.Results The output efficiency of county-level TCM hospitals in Jiangsu Province is low,and the reimbursement mechanism reform in county-level hospitals of TCM efficiency further decreases;payment model,cost model and revenue model of regression analysis indicate that different factors has different influence on output efficiency of county hospitals of TCM.Conclusion The reimbursement strategy of county-level TCM hospitals should be optimized,the balance of revenue and expenditure structure be adjusted,and the intensity of TCM services reimbursement be increased.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-616606

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of endovascular treatment in iliac femoral artery occlusive disease of TransAtlantic Inter-Society Consensus (TASC) C,D lesions in elderly patients.Methods Totally 104 elderly TASC C,D patients with iliac femoral artery occlusion were treated,including TASC C (n =73),TASC D (n =31).Occlusive length range were 4.25-17.61 cm,with an average of (13.46±1.24)cm.The curative effect,complications and following up after surgery were analyzed.Results Ninty-four patients were treated successfully,and the technical success rate was 90.38% (94/104);12 patients underwent balloon dilation,92 patients underwent balloon dilation combined stent.There were 8 cases (8/104,7.69 %) with periprocedural complications,included arterial thrombosis (n =2),pseudoaneurysm (n=1),heart failure (n=4),and radiographic contrast nephropathy (n=1).Doppler ankle-brachial index increased from 0.32±0.12 to 0.81±0.11 (P<0.01) at 1 week after treatment.The patency rates were 88.46 % (69/78) and 81.13% (43/53) at 6 and 12 months followed-up respectively.Conclusion Minimally invasive endovascular treatment has high technical success rate,low complication rate,and satisfactory clinical curative effect for iliac femoral artery occlusive disease of TASC C,D lesions in elderly patients.

12.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2119-2123, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-614501

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To establish the method for simultaneous determination of 5 heavy metals in Vespae Nidus,and to dis-cuss the effects of difterent producing area and part on the contents of heavy metals in Vespae Nidus. METHODS: The contents of arsenic(As),mercury(Hg),lead(Pb),cadmium(Cd)and copper(Cu)were determined by atomic spectrophotometry(hydride generation method,cold vapor method,graphite furnace method and flame method). The difference in the contents of heavy metals in samples were compared among different producing areas by analyzing data. RESULTS:The linear range of As,Hg,Pb,Cu, Cd were 0-40 ng/mL(r=0.9930),0-0.9 ng/mL(r=0.9974),0-80 ng/mL(r=0.9955),0-8 ng/mL(r=0.9927),0-800 ng/mL(r=0.9966),respectively. Limit of quantitation were 4.473,2.35×10 - 3 ,8.380,2.128,54 ng/mL,limit of detection were 1.342,0.701× 10 - 3,2.514,0.632,16 ng/mL. RSDs of precision,stability and reproducibility tests were all lower than 5.0%. The recoveries were 84.26% -102.25%(RSD=7.71% ,n=6),90.90% -115.31%(RSD=9.38% ,n=6),92.16% -105.70%(RSD=6.19% ,n=6), 90.81%-113.99%(RSD=8.86%,n=6),91.63%-102.79%(RSD=5.09%,n=6). The phenomenon that heavy metals of sample from Shandong and Hebei exceed the standard was the most serious. Main heavy metal which exceed the standard was Pb. The con-tent of Pb in Chamber was higher than other parts. CONCLUSIONS: The method is simple,precise,stable and reproducible,and can be used for simultaneous determination of 5 heavy metals in Vespae Nidus. There are different contents of heavy metal in Ves-pae Nidus of different producing areas and parts.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-663036

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of Simo decoction oral liquid on inflammatory in acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) mouse serum and the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) and to explore the mechanism.Methods Fifty BALB/c mice were divided into normal control group, ARDS model group, small, moderate and large dose Simo decoction oral liquid-treated groups (simplified as Simo groups) according to random number table method (n=10, in each group). The ARDS model mice were replicated by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) tracheal instillation, and the mice in normal control group were given the same amount of normal saline. Immediately after the success of modeling, the mice were gavaged with 1, 2, 4 times the equivalent dose Simo decoction oral liquid of 7.56 mL·kg-1·d-1 in small, moderate or large dose Simo groups respectively, and there was no intervention in the normal control group or ARDS model group. All the mice were sacrificed at 24 hours after the respective drug amount or normal saline was given in various groups. The lung samples were taken for histologic evaluation, and BALF and serum samples were analyzed for the tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α), interleukin (IL-1β, IL-6), and in the mean time the level of serum superoxide dismutase (SOD) was detected.Results The pathological observation of lung tissue showed: there was no obvious inflammatory exudation in lung tissue of mice in normal control group; the inflammatory exudation in lung tissue of mice was increased significantly, the level of TNF-α (ng/L: 1759±303 vs. 104±27, 2506±674 vs. 507±46), IL-1β(ng/L: 209±16 vs. 114±11, 7325±826 vs. 3513±498) and IL-6 (ng/L: 144±38 vs. 47±7, 126±38 vs. 15±7) in serum and BALF were significantly increased, and the content of SOD (kU/L: 40.26±2.54 vs. 50.68±3.75) in serum was significantly decreased in ARDS model group (allP < 0.05), indicating that animal model of ARDS was set up successfully. Compared with ARDS model group, in small, moderate and large dose Simo groups, the inflammation exudation in lung tissue of mouse was reduced, the levels of TNF-α, IL-1βand IL-6 in serum and BALF were reduced, and the content of SOD in serum was increased [serum: TNF-α(ng/L) was 1642±276, 1126±154, 817±102 vs. 1759±303, IL-1β(ng/L)was 198±12, 170±11, 141±13 vs. 209±16, IL-6 (ng/L) was 127±22, 82±16, 41±15 vs. 144±38, SOD (kU/L) was 42.11±1.64, 48.09±1.23 vs. 40.26±2.54; BALF: TNF-α(ng/L) was 2479±446, 1632±330, 1067±223 vs. 2506±674, IL-1β(ng/L): 6939±725, 5398±625, 4401±210 vs. 7325±826, IL-6 (ng/L): 106±30, 68±13, 34±10 vs. 126±38, allP < 0.05], showing the Simo decoction inhibiting the lung inflammation and the above levels of indexes inserum and BALF was in a dose-dependent manner, and the changes in large dose Simo group was the most significant 45.18±1.15, .Conclusions Simo decoction oral liquid can inhibit the inflammatory response of ARDS, reduce the oxidative stress and decrease the lung injury of mice with ARDS.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-508632

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the types,antimicrobial resistance,and disinfectant resistance of pathogens isolated from hospital environmental inanimate surfaces and hands of health care workers (HCWs).Methods Pathogens isolated from hospital environmental inanimate surfaces and hands of HCWs in intensive care units and general wards in 16 hospitals in Beijing were performed bacterial identification,antimicrobial susceptibility testing,and disinfectant re-sistance testing. The carriage of antimicrobial resistance genes and disinfectant genes in pathogens were also detec-ted.Results A total of 979 specimens were collected from inanimate surfaces and hands of HCWs in 16 hospitals,75 (7.66% )pathogenic strains were isolated,78.67% of which were gram-negative bacilli. The top 3 pathogens were Pseud-omonasaeruginosa (P.aeruginosa,n= 24),Enterobactercloacae (E. cloacae,n= 14),and Klebsiella pneumoniae (K. pneumoniae,n= 4 ). One P. aeruginosa strain was resistant to aztreonam,gentamycin,tobramycin,ciprofloxacin,and levofloxacin;One E. cloacae strain was resistant to piperacillin,7 strains were resistant to nitrofurantoin;4 K. pneumoni-ae strains were all resistant to piperacillin,2 were resistant to cephalosporins,and 1 was resistant meropenem. P. aerugi-nosahad7drug-resistantgenes,positiverateofmirwas100.00% ;E.cloacaehad4drug-resistantgenes,positiveratesof tem 1and shv were both 100.00% ;K. pneumoniae had 5 drug-resistant genes,positive rates of shv and mir were both 100.00% . The resistant rates of P. aeruginosa and E. cloacae to chlorhexidine gluconate were 4.17% and 57.14% re-spectively,to trichloroisocyanuric acid were both 50.00% ,positive rates of drug-resistant genes (qacE△1-sul 1)were 79. 17% and 57.14% respectively;K. pneumoniae had no resistance to two kinds of disinfectant,dug-resistance gene was not found.Conclusion Multiple common pathogens which can cause healthcare-associated infection exist in hospital environ-mental inanimate surfaces and hands of HCWs,which are dominated by gram-negative bacilli,pathogens had resistance to antimicrobial agents and disinfectant in different degrees.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-507810

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relation between 25-hydroxyvitamin D3[25(OH)D3] and coronary artery disease. Methods Three hundred and ten patients with selective coronary angiogram (CAG) were enrolled in this study and they were divided into two groups: non-coronary artery stenosis group with 76 patients and coronary artery stenosis group with 234 patients. The degree of coronary artery stenosis was evaluated by the international general Gensini integration system. The levels of fasting plasma glucose (FPG), total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), high density lipoprotein (HDL-C), low density lipoprotein (LDL-C) were detected by automatic biochemistry analyzer. The level of 25(OH)D3 was detected by tandem mass spectrometry. The relationship of Gensini integration scores and risk factors were analyzed. Logistic regression analysis was used in multicity factors analysis. Results The levels of age, Gensini integration scores, 25(OH)D3, FPG and LDL-C in non-coronary artery stenosis group and coronary artery stenosis group had significant differences (P<0.05). The number of coronary stenosis and Gensini integration scores in 25(OH) D3 deficiency group were significantly higher than those in non-25 (OH)D3 deficiency group (P<0.01). Logistic regression analysis showed that age, FPG and 25(OH)D3 levels were risk factors for coronary artery stenosis (P<0.01 or<0.05), and the level of 25(OH)D3 had negative correlation with coronary artery stenosis (B =- 0.100), and it was a protection factor (OR =0.904, 95%CI:0.911-0.983, P=0.000). Conclusions 25(OH)D3 deficiency is one of the risk factor of coronary artery disease.

16.
China Oncology ; (12): 777-783, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-501606

ABSTRACT

Background and purpose:The third generation of aromatase inhibitors (AI) in postmenopausal hormone receptor-positive patients is the routine treatments in endocrine therapy. The 500 mg fulvestrant showed clini-cal beneifts in patients with previous AI treatment. This study aimed to access the effcacy and safety of 500 mg fulves-trant in estrogen receptor (ER) positive postmenopausal patients who had previous AI treatments with locally advanced and metastatic breast cancer.Methods:This study retrospectively analyzed the clinical data from 188 post-AI ER positive and (or) progesterone receptor (PR)-positive locally advanced and metastatic breast cancer patients treated with 500 mg fulvestrant in Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center from Jul. 2011 to Dec. 2015. Primary end point was progression-free survival (PFS). Secondary end points were objective response rate (ORR), clinical beneift rate (CBR) and safety proifle.Results:After the median follow-up of 11.3 months, median PFS was 5.9 months (95%CI: 4.2-7.5), CBR was 40.0% and ORR was 3.4%. COX proportional hazards regression analysis indicated that PFS was correlated with the number of metastatic sites (HR=1.92, 95% CI: 1.2-2.9,P =0.002) and previous lines of chemotherapy (HR=1.52, 95%CI:1.0-2.1,P=0.022). Six patients stopped the treatment for intolerable adverse events.Conclusion:The treatment of 500 mg fulvestrant has a favorable effcacy and safety in treatment of post-AI ER positive postmenopausal patientswith metastatic breast cancer.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-485600

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:It is unclear about dexamethasone effect on the regulation of microRNA-155 expression in macrophages. OBJCTIVE:To explore whether dexamethasone can regulate the expression of microRNA-155 in macrophages. METHODS:(1) Lipopolysaccharide stimulation of mouse macrophages: mouse macrophage cel lines, Raw264.7 cels, were culturedin vitro and stimulated by lipopolysaccharide. Cultured cels were colected at 0, 0.5, 2, 6 hours after culture to detect the dynamical expression of microRNA-155. (2) Dexamethasone intervention for macrophages: Macrophages were divided into four groups: control group treated with phosphate buffer; lipopolysaccharide group stimulated by lipopolysaccharide; combined group given intervention with dexamethasone and lipopolysaccharide; dexamethasone group cultured with dexamethasone. At 6 hours after culture, cel supernatant was colected to detect the expression of tumor necrosis factor α and interleukin-6 using ELISA method. Real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR was used to detect the expression of microRNA-155 in the Raw264.7 macrophages. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:Lipopolysaccharide significantly increased the expression of tumor necrosis factor α, interleukin-6 and microRNA-155 after 6 hours of culture (P < 0.05). Combined use of dexamethasone and lipopolysaccharide slightly increased the expression of tumor necrosis factor α, interleukin-6 and microRNA-155 (P< 0.05). Dexamethasone alone had no influence on the expression of tumor necrosis factor α and interleukin-6, but significantly decreased the expression of microRNA-155 (P < 0.05). These findings indicate that dexamethasone can inhibit the expression of microRNA-155 in the macrophages induced by lipopolysaccharide.

18.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2626-2628,2629, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-605203

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To study the effects of simvastatin on oxidative stress and cell apoptosis in aged mice with myocardi-al ischemia-reperfusion (IR). METHODS:Aged mice were randomly divided into sham operation group (phosphate buffer solu-tion),model group(phosphate buffer solution)and simvastatin low-dose,medium-dose and high-dose groups(2.5,5 and 20 mg/kg) with 14 mice in each group. Those groups were given relevant medicine intraperitoneally before modeling for 7 d,once a day. IR model was induced in those groups except for sham operation group. The area ratio of myocardial infarction,myocardial cell apop-tosis rate,activity of myocardial tissue apoptosis gene Caspase-3,the protein expression of Bax and Bcl-2,Akt phosphorylation, serum concent of MDA and activity of SOD were all detected. RESULTS:Compared with sham operation group,the area ratio of myocardial infarction,myocardial cell apoptosis rate,Caspase-3 activity,the protein expression of Bax and MDA content were all increased in model group,while the protein expression of Bcl-2,Akt phosphorylation and SOD activity were decreased(P0.05). CONCLUSIONS:Simvastatin can relieve myocardial IR injury in aged mice,and the mechanism of which may be associated with inhibiting myocardial cell apoptosis and the generation of oxidative stress.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-492742

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the perception and evaluation of rural patients with hypertension and diabetes on the health management services , thereby identifying the problems and proposing countermeasures .Methods:570 rural patients with hypertension and diabetes were investigated by the stratified random sampling method .Descriptive statistic method and logistic regression analysis were applied to analyze the rural patients'perception and evaluation on the health management services .Results: The majority of rural patients with chronic diseases such as hypertension and diabetes were alerted of the health management service .The satisfaction rate on the disease control effect was 82.28%, and that among patients below the age of 60 years old was lower than that of the others ( P <0.05 ) . 77 .24%of patients deemed that some services such as on-site visit , physical examination and prevention of complica-tions were deficient (the selection rates among patients were 11.90%, 10.41% and 9.29% respectively).The health management services problems mainly included deficiency of on-site visits, incomplete medical equipments and service items ( the selection rates among patients were 16.36%, 9.29%and 8.92%respectively ) .Conclusions:In order to improve the quality and positive effect of health management for patients with hypertension and diabetes , the collaborative mechanism between township institutions should be developed , the government should increase invest-ment in rural public health , strengthen the rural heath personnel brainstorming , and on-site visits and debates on health should be reasonably arranged according to the needs of rural patients , and the quality and effectiveness of the management of hypertension and diabetes together with other chronic diseases should be improved .

20.
Military Medical Sciences ; (12): 759-764, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-481078

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of rapid repeated cold air inhalation stimulation on cold-sensitive chan-nel transient receptor potential ankyrin 1(TRPA1) associated inflammatory cytokines in living lungs .Methods A total of 20 male Wistar rats were randomly and evenly divided into 4 groups:cold air inhalation group , warm air inhalation group , TRPA1 channel agonist inhalation group and normal group , respectively . Tracheal intubation was carried out after anesthesia in rats of cold air inhalation group , and the tubes were linked to the air temperature controlled device with the temperature controlled at ( 2 ±1 )℃.The rats of warm air inhalation group were treated in the same way as cold air inhalation group except for the temperature at (36 ±1)℃.The rats of both groups were treated for 3 times, 1 hour each time.There were 12 hour intervals between treatments .The rats of TRPA1 channel agonist inhalation group were treated with atomizing inhalation of 60 mmol/L acrolein at room temperature (24 ±2)℃for 3 times, 1 hour each time.There were 12 hour intervals between two treatments .The rats were sacrificed after the last treatment .The tracheas and left lung tissues of all rats were taken and total RNA was extracted .The mRNA expressions of TRPA1, interleukin 1 beta ( IL-1β), interleukin 5(IL-5),and neutrophil chemoattractant chemokine (CXCL-1/KC)in the rat lungs were detected by real-time quantitative PCR .Results TRPA1 was expressed in rat lung tissues .In the short term cold air inhalation group , the expressions of IL-1β,IL-5 and CXCL-1/KC mRNA in the rat lungs were higher than those of the warm air inhalation or the normal groups .Similar results were also found in the specific TRPA 1 channel positive agonist ( acrolein ) inhalation group . Conclusion In living animals, the TRPA1 channels of the lungs can be activated by short-term cold air(<17℃),which results in the increasing expression of some inflammatory cytokines in lungs .

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