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1.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 118-122, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707441

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the effects of high negative pressure drainage and conventional drainage on postoperative blood loss and wound healing in patients with calcaneal fracture. Methods A prospective randomized controlled single-blinded trial was conducted on the 66 patients with closed calcaneal facture who had been treated from June 2012 to March 2016 in our hospital. They were randomized by coin into 2 groups: 36 patients (aged from 21 to 65 years with a mean age of 38.1 years) were treated with a high vacuum drainage system while the other 30 (aged from 19 to 66 years with a mean age of 37.5 years) with a conventional silicone tube and a drainage vessel. The 2 groups were treated by the same team of surgeons and the same surgical procedures. The 2 groups were compared in terms of postoperative drainage volume, hemoglobin (HGB), bleeding volume, wound healing time, incision complications and wound infection. Results The high negative pressure group incurred significantly greater drainage volume (516.7 ± 138.8 mL) and bleeding volume (612.9 ± 179.5 mL) than the conventional drainage group (305.8 ± 95.4 mL and 437.8 ± 102.0 mL) (P <0.05). The former incurred significantly less HGB (116.8 ± 6.9 g/L) and wound healing time (15.2 ± 3.1 d) than the latter (124.1 ± 7.8 g/L and 18.5 ± 4.2 d) (P <0.05). The rate of incision complications for the high negative pressure group (5.6%, 2/36) was significantly lower than that for the conventional drainage group (26.7%, 8/30) (χ2=4.150, P=0.042). There was no significant difference between the 2 groups in the rate of wound infection (0 versus 3.3%) (P=0.927). Conclusion After surgery for calcaneal fractures, high negative pressure drainage may lead to faster wound healing and fewer postoperative wound complications but greater blood loss and lower HGB than conventional drainage.

2.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 45-49, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707427

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the outcomes of open reduction and internal fixation ( ORIF ) with transarticular screws for Lisfranc injuries and the postoperative incidence of symptomatic tarsometatarsal os-teoarthritis ( OA ) . Methods This retrospective study involved 28 patients who had been treated surgically at our institution between January 2009 and January 2015 for Lisfranc injuries. They were 18 males and 10 females, with an average age of 36. 1 years ( from 19 to 54 years ) . According to the Quenu-Kuss classifica-tion, 5 patients had type-A injury, 10 type-B injury ( 4 cases of type-B1 and 6 ones of type-B2 ) , and 13 type-C injury ( 8 cases of type-C1 and 5 ones of type-C2 ) . The patients underwent ORIF with screws for the 1st to the 3rd tarsometatarsal joints and ORIF with Kirschner wires for the 4th to the 5th tarsometatarsal joints within 2 weeks. After the Kirschner wires were removed 8 to 10 weeks postoperatively, progressive weight-bearing began. Functional outcomes were assessed according to the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society ( AOFAS ) midfoot scores and visual analog scale ( VAS ) at final follow-ups. Results The mean duration of follow-up was 29. 9 months ( from 26 to 72 months ) . AOFAS scores revealed one excellent case, 22 good ones and 5 poor ones with an excellent to good rate of 82. 1%. The mean VAS score was 2. 8. Radiographic evidence of OA was noted in 20 patients ( 71. 4%, 20/28 ) , in 18 of whom ( 90. 0%) symp-tomatic OA was observed. There was no significant difference ( P=0. 399 ) in the incidence of symptomatic OA either between the patients with anatomic reduction ( 60. 9%, 14/23 ) and those without anatomical re-duction ( 80. 0%, 4/5 ) . Conclusions ORIF with transarticular screws can lead to good therapeutic outcomes for Lisfranc injuries. The incidence of symptomatic OA may not be related to the injury type or re-duction quality.

3.
Chinese Archives of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 167-170, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-512995

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To investigate the safety, efficacy, specific injection mode and injection dose of Lauromacrogol for treating laryngopharyngeal hemangioma. METHODS a total of 18 patients with hemangioma of pharynx and larynx from Oct 2015 to Dec 2016 in were collected in our hospital. Among them, there were 18 cases of solitary hemangioma and 2 cases sporadic hemangioma. According to the location and depth of the lesions, different routes were used. Observe the therapeutic effect of local injection. RESULTS All the 18 patients were followed up for 3 months to 1 years. Among them, 1 case of multiple hemangioma patients were significantly affected by the local inflammatory swelling after the injection. 3 patients complained of mild dyspnea after operation, and 10 patients complained of postoperative pain. None of the patients had cough, chest tightness, embolism, adverse ischemic shock and severe amaurosis. CONCLUSION Lauromacrogol injection is safe, reliable and effective to treat hemangioma of pharynx and larynx. Different injection methods should be based on the size of hemangioma, depth and other factors.

4.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 1488-1490,1495, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-603985

ABSTRACT

Objective To discuss the differences of clinical features and characteristics and features of polysomnography be‐tween elderly patients and middle‐aged patients with obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) ,so as to provide refer‐ence for the diagnosis and individualized intervention of elderly OSAHS .Methods Totally 81 aged OSAHS cases and 123 youth OSAHS cases were analyzed in terms of general condition ,clinical manifestations and polysomnographic characteristics ,and the clin‐ical manifestations and polysomnographic difference indicators of the two groups were matched according to body mass index (BMI) .Results Most OSAHS patients were males in both groups ,with BMI and neck waist circumference in the aged group less than those in the middle‐aged group ,and the difference was statistically significant (P0 .05);clinical symptoms of senile groups such as drowsiness ,snoring ,morning headaches ,dry mouth and nighttime awakenings were lower than the middle‐aged group ,the difference was statistically significant (P0 .05);REM AHI was more than the middle‐aged group ,the difference was statistically significant (P0 .05) .Conclusion The incidence of typical clinical manifestations of aged OSAHS patients was lower than that in the middle‐aged group ,but high blood pressure ,diabetes and other complications prevalence were significantly higher than those in the middle‐aged group ,with similar severity of OSAHS in both groups ,there were differences PSG monitoring results with the middle‐aged group ,and the difference of REM AHI was significant .

5.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 3941-3943, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-482083

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the pathological voice ,normal voice range chart crowd voice characteristics through tests and analyze the differences between the two groups of test‐related parameters chart range between indicators ,so as to explore the value of the test range map in the polyp of vocal cord .Methods One hundred and twenty patients with vocal polyps according to in‐clusion and exclusion criteria were selected .Sixty cases of normal voice were randomly selected .Germany XION DIVAS system dia‐gram test mode range were recorded for both groups ,with the strongest voice of the bass were measured at different frequencies , first obtain low VRP intensity curve ,then get high‐intensity curve VRP .The maximum frequency of the vocal cord polyp group and normal control group ,the minimum frequency ,maximum intensity ,most quietly strong ,maximum phonation time ,fundamental fre‐quency perturbation and dysphonia index of the data were compared statistically .Results Compared with the control one ,the mean maximum frequency of vocal cord polyp group were lower (P= 0 .029 6) ,the average minimum frequency were significantly higher ( P= 0 .000 3) ,frequency range reduced(P= 0 .022 9) ;vocal cord polyp average loudest group was stronger(P= 0 .003 9) ,the whis‐pered strength values were significantly higher (P = 0 .000 0) ,significantly limited the average sound intensity range than normal voice group group (P= 0 .006 9) .Classification index based on objective voice disorders ,in terms of frequency ,mild voice disorders at the maximum frequency .There was no significant difference in the minimum frequency ,frequency range with a normal voice group ;and in severe voice disorders average maximum frequency lower than the normal voice group ,the smallest than normal voice frequency was significantly higher frequency range than the normal group was significantly limited .In terms of strength ,mild im‐pairment in the loudest voice is strong ,most quietly strong .There was no significant difference with the normal voice group intensi‐ty range ;and in severe voice disorders average maximum sound intensity ,most quietly strong values were higher than normal voice group .However ,the average sound intensity narrow range than normal voice group .Conclusion The range map test can be quanti‐fied assessment of voice ,and can distinguish normal voice ,clinical pathological voice and the severity of damage ,which is an impor‐tant means of voice feature detection to provide an objective basis .

6.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 4352-4354, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-479601

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the therapeutic efficacy of different treatment programs on the acute subjective tinnitus . Methods 327 patients with acute subjectivity tinnitus were randomly divide into physical ,medication and comprehensive treatment group .The 97 cases in physical group were treated with hyperbaric oxygen ,acupuncture and sound therapy ;the 103 cases in medica‐tion group were treated with microcirculation and oral steroids ;the 127 cases in comprehensive treatment groups were treated with combination the therapy of above what have mentioned .THI was used to evaluate three groups before the treatment ,two and four weeks after treatment .Results After two week′s treatment ,the efficiency rate for physical group is 60 .82% ,64 .78% in medica‐tion group and 70 .08% in comprehensive group .After four weeks of treatment ,the efficiency rate of each group is 70 .10% , 72 .81% and 80 .31% .At two‐week time point ,there was no significant difference between drug and physics group (P> 0 .05) , there was statistically significant difference between medication group and comprehensive group (P0 .05) ,but there was a statistically significant difference in comprehensive group (P<0 .05) ,meanwhile ,there was statistically significant differences between comprehensive group and the physical group and drug group (P<0 .05) .Conclusion Physical and medication therapy have quite effects on acute subjective tinnitus ,but the effect was worse than the comprehensive therapy group . After four weeks of treatment ,the efficiency of purely physical and drug therapy have not been significantly improved compared with two weeks time ,but still improved of comprehensive treatment .

7.
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (24): 1190-1212, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-747906

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the clinical features & variation features of cervical tuberculous lymphadenitis and to discuss its effective surgical treatment.@*METHOD@#Retrospective analysis of 27 cases of cervical tuberculous lymphadenitis patients admitted to the hospital from January 2008 to December 2013. The cervical tuberculous lymphadenitis is classified based on the enhanced CT scanning conducted before operation and the preoperative evaluation of clinical characters of patients. The lymphaden ncisional biopsy was conducted on the type I patients with cervical tuberculous lymphadenitis. The lesion resection was performed on the type II and mixed type I + II patients. The regional cervical lymph node dissection was carried on the type III, the type IV and other mixed type patients. The negative pressure drainage ball was placed after operation, and the cavity was flushed with 5% povidone iodine solution. The antituberculosis therapy was performed after wound healing.@*RESULT@#The analysis of the clinical features for 27 patients: the incidence rate on the left side, right side, both sides and middle-line is 63.0%, 25.9%, 7.4% and 3.7% respectively. The majority of patients whose lesion involving more than one region account for 62.1%; the patients whose lesion involving one region account for 37.9%. The most common is level V involved lesion (69.0%), then level IV (62.1%), level III (51.7%), level II (34.5%), level I (10.3%) and level VI (3.4%) in order. The analysis of the CT imageology features for 27 patients: the simple type is the majority (65.5%), and the most common is type III (24.1%), then the type I (17.2%), type II (13.8%) and type IV (10.3%) in order. The mixed type is minority (34.5%), but the two mixed is often (31.0%). The three mixed is only located on one side (3.4%). The recurrence never happened on the patients with resection and standard antituberculosis therapy.@*CONCLUSION@#For the cervical tuberculous lymphadenitis, the suitable surgical treatments shall be selected according to the lesion characteristics & location and CT imaging manifestations presurgical evaluation. The effective way to treat cervical tuberculous lymphadenitis is to conduct negative pressure drainage after operation, to flush the cavity with 5% povidone iodine solution and to perform antituberculosis therapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antitubercular Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Drainage , Neck , Neck Dissection , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Tuberculosis, Lymph Node , Classification , Drug Therapy , General Surgery
8.
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (24): 658-659, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-748152

ABSTRACT

A male patient, 49 years old with drug use, swallowed a toothbrush and a tube of 20 centimeters long which lead to the upper abdomen pain for six years. The gastroscopy examination showed the head of the toothbrush in the gastric antrum and the tail inserting in the pylorus. The intragastric toothbrush was removed by the gastroscopy combining with esophagoscopy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Esophagoscopy , Foreign Bodies , General Surgery , Gastroscopy , Stomach
9.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 165-166, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-439817

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of the TinniTest tinnitus comprehensive diagnostic and therapeutic apparatus for treating tinnitus and to analyze its clinical application value .Methods The TinniTest tinnitus comprehensive diagnostic and thera-peutic apparatus was adopted to inquiring ,evaluating ,diagnosing ,testing on 100 tinnitus patients .On this basis the tinnitus shelter treatment and the psychology consultation treatment were performed .Results The tinnitus disability quantitative test table was used to evaluate 100 patients .The evaluation results showed 12 cases of level 1 ,34 cases of level 2 ,28 cases of level 3 ,18 cases of level 4 and 4 cases of level 5 .The evaluation results of these 100 cases were classified to the mild degree≤ level 2 and the moderate degree >level 3 .Then the tinnitus test was performed .Among the cases of mild degree tinnitus ,4 cases were completely cured ,26 cases were significantly effective ,14 cases were effective and 2 cases were invalid ,the effective rate was 95 .6% .However among the cases of severe degree tinnitus ,0 case was completely cured ,28 cases were significantly effective ,18 cases were effective and 8 cases were invalid ,the effective rate was 85 .2% and the total effective rate was 90 .0% ,the difference in the effects between the two groups had no statistical significance(χ2 =1 .99 ,P>0 .05) .No adverse reactions occurred in all 100 cases .Conclusion The TinniT-est tinnitus comprehensive diagnostic and therapeutic apparatus can provide the comprehensive and accurate evaluation and the sci-entific tests to the tinnitus patients ,which has the definite effect for treating subjective tinnitus and the same effects for both mild and sever tinnitus patients .

10.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 782-784, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-444985

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the clinical effect of image guided navigation system (IGNS) and traditional methods for nasal inverted papilloma and sinus osteoma .Methods 73 cases of nasal inverted papilloma and sinus osteoma patients were divided into the navigation group and the non-navigation group ,the navigation group was given image guidance endoscopic sinus surgery ,the non-navigation group was given traditional endoscopic sinus surgery .operative time ,the anesthesia time ,amount of bleeding ,compli-cations and postoperative effects of the two groups were analyzed .Results The anesthesia time of the two groups had no significant difference(P>0 .05) ,the operative time ,blood loss had significant difference(P0 .05) ,while in stage Ⅲ ,Ⅳ ,the difference of recurrence rate had significant difference(P0 .05) ,while had significant different in stage Ⅲ ,Ⅳ(P<0 .05) .In the sinus osteoma ,the com-plications of the two grouos had significant difference(P<0 .05) .Conclusion For sinus osteoma and Ⅲ ,Ⅳ level of nasal inverted papilloma ,IGNS could work well with endoscopic system ,improve operation accuracy and reduce complications .IGNS is of a useful tool for endoscopy sinus surgery and would make a great important development in future .

11.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 3236-3238, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-438830

ABSTRACT

Objective To conduct the endoscopic sinus surgery on chronic nasosinusitis by the image guided navigation system (IGNS) and to analyze the curative effect and complication compared with traditional methods .Methods 81 cases of chronic nasosi-nusitis were randomly selected and performed endoscopic sinus surgery by using IGNS ,and compared with the other 111 cases of chronic nasosinusitis by using traditional nasal endoscopic surgery in the aspects of curative effect ,complications ,etc .Results TypeⅠ and type Ⅱ nasosinusitis had no significant difference in the effective rate between the navigation group and non-navigation group;type Ⅲ nasosinusitis had significant difference in the effective rate between navigation group and non-navigation group .The total incidence rate of complications had significant difference between the navigation group and non-navigation group(P0 .05);the incidence rate of complications in type Ⅲ nasosinusitis had significant difference be-tween the navigation group and the non-navigation group with statistical significance (P0 .05);the total effective raates of anatomical deformity of the frontal recess or the sinus area had significant difference between the naviga-tion group and the non-navigation group(P0 .05) .Conclusion For the patients with type Ⅲ chronic na-sosinusitis ,chronic frontal sinusitis ,conduct endoscopic sinus surgery by using IGNS is a reasonable choice ,can increase the opera-tive effect and accuracy ,and reduce the occurrence of complications .

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