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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-702116

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the clinical effect of three methods of treatment for the in-stent restenosis(ISR)after percutaneous coronary intervention(PCI),drug coated balloon(DCB)compared with common balloon and drug eluting stent(DES).Methods From August 2014 to January 2018,95 cases of ISR in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Southeast University were diagnosed by coronary angiography.They were treated with common balloon,DCB or second generation DES.The patients were assigned to the DCB group 25 cases or the second-generation DES group(23 cases)and balloon group(47 cases)according to the therapeutic strategies they accepted.Major adverse cardiac events(MACE)of patients were followed by telephone or hospital visit at 6-12 months.MACE was defined as a composite of cardiac death,nonfatal myocardial infarction(MI),and target vessel revascularization(TVR).Results In summary,95 patients with DES-ISR were enrolled,including 47 patients in the balloon group,23 patients in the DCB group and 25 patients in the second-generation DES group.Coronary angiography was performed 6-12 months after operation.The minimum lumen diameter(MLD)of the DCB group was significantly larger than those of the balloon and DES groups[(1.86 ±0.27)mm vs.(2.16 ±0.43)mm,t =3.57,P =0.00;(1.94 ±0.31)mm vs.(2.16 ± 0.43)mm,t=2.05,P=0.05].The restenosis rate of the DCB group was significantly lower than those of the balloon group and DES group[15 cases(31.91%)vs.2 cases(8.69%),χ2 =4.53,P=0.02;8 cases(32.00%)vs.2 cases(8.69%),χ2 =2.66,P=0.05].The rate of late lumen loss(LLL)in the DCB group was significantly lower than those of balloon group and DES group [(0.67 ±0.28)mm vs.(0.21 ±0.18)mm,t =7.17,P =0.00;(0.43 ± 0.28)mm vs.(0.21 ±0.18)mm,t=3.21,P=0.00].MACE was significantly lower than balloon group and DES group[16 cases(34.04%)vs.1 cases(4.76%),χ2 =7.02,P=0.01;8 cases(32.00%)vs.1 cases(4.76%),χ2 =4.06,P=0.02].Conclusion Drug balloon dilatation in stent restenosis is more effective and safer than common balloon dilatation and re-implantation of drug eluting stents.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-699334

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the relationship among levels of N terminal pro brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), lipoprotein (a) [Lp (a)] and in-stent restenosis (ISR) in patients after stent implantation. Methods: A total of 625 pa-tients, who received drug-eluting stent implantation in our department and underwent coronary angiography one year after surgery, were continuously collected. According to presence of ISR or not, patients were divided into no restenosis group (n=532) and ISR group (n=93). Plasma levels of NT-proBNP and Lp (a) were measured and compared between two groups. Single-factor and multi-factor Logistic regression analysis were used to analyze the relationship among levels of NTproBNP, Lp (a) and coronary ISR. Results: Compared with no restenosis group, there were significant rise in plasma levels of NT-proBNP [(749. 43±154. 82) ng/L vs. (856. 12±132. 45) ng/L]and Lp (a) [(299. 23±29. 07) mg/L vs. (321. 12±31. 05) mg/L]in ISR group, P=0. 001 both; multi-factor Logistic analysis indicated that plasma levels of NTproBNP (OR=2. 162, 95%CI 2. 002~2. 333) and Lp (a) (OR=2. 903, 95%CI 2. 648~3. 184) were independent risk factors for ISR, P<0. 05 both. Conclusion: N terminal pro brain natriuretic peptide and lipoprotein (a) are independent risk factors for in-stent restenosis in patients undergoing stent implantation.

3.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 865-876, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-342434

ABSTRACT

Wheat grain peroxidase 1 (WP1) belonged to class III plant peroxidase with cofactor heme, which not only has antifungal activity, but also influences the processing quality of flour. In order to enhance functional expression of WP1 in prokaryotic system by increasing endogenous heme synthesis, we constructed a recombinant plasmid pACYC-A-L containing hemA and hemL of Esherichia coli. Then, we co-transformed it into host strain T7 Express with secretive expression vector (pMAL-p4x-WP1) or non-secretive expression vector (pET21a-MBP-WP1), respectively. The MBP-WP1 fusion protein was further purified by amylose affinity chromatography and its peroxidase activity was assayed using 2,2'-azino-bis (3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonate) (ABTS) as substrate. At 12 h after induction at 28 degree, the extracellular 5-aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA) production of T7 Express/pACYC-A-L was up to 146.73 mg/L, simultaneously the extracellular porphrins also increased dramatically. The peroxidase activity of functional MBP-WP1 obtained from T7 Express/ (pACYC-A-L + pMAL-p4x-WP1) was 14.6-folds of that purified from T7 Express/ pET21a-MBP-WP1. This study not only successfully enhanced functional expression of wheat peroxidase 1 in Esherichia coli, but also provided beneficial references for other important proteins with cofactor heme.


Subject(s)
Escherichia coli , Genetics , Metabolism , Genetic Vectors , Genetics , Heme , Genetics , Peroxidases , Genetics , Recombinant Fusion Proteins , Genetics , Transformation, Genetic
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-386744

ABSTRACT

Objective This study was conducted to investigate the clinical outcomes and safety of primary percutaneous coronary intervention(PCI) combined with tirofiban therapy in patients with acute ST segment elevation myocardial infarction(STEMI). Methods Seventy-one consecutive patients with acute STEMI were divided by random number table to primary PCI combined with tirofiban therapy group(Tirofiban group,25 cases) and primary PCI treatment alone group(Control group,46 cases). Left ventricular ejection fraction(LVEF) and major adverse cardiac events rates(MACE) during hospitalization period and at 30 days discharge and 180 days after discharge were compared between the two groups. Results TIMI grade flow was significantly different between the tirofiban group and control group after surgery. The LVEF and MACE were significantly different between two groups during hospitalization period and at 30 days after discharge. The MACE at 180 days followup was relatively reduced and LVEF was relatively improved in tirofiban group, but there was not significantly different. Conclusion Adjunctive therapy with tirofiban for patients with acute STEMI who underwent primary PCI was safe and effective.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-515826

ABSTRACT

Fever was induced by ET in rabbits. The PGE_2 level in the plasma and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) was measured at peak of fever in both electric acupuncture and control group. The results showed that when the body temperature of animals rose to the peak, the PGE_2 levels in the plasma and CSF were higher than that before fever. (P

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-518837

ABSTRACT

AIM:To study the protection and mechanism of Asclepiadaceae against the damage of neuron by free radical. METHODS:The model of ischemia and damaged neuron induced by H 2O 2 was made respectively. The protection of Asclepiadaceae was observed with the measurement of contents of MDA in brain and cultured neuron, transudatory rate of LDH, breaking rate of DNA and clearance rate of?OH in cultured neuron. RESULTS:Asclepiadaceae decreased the raising of MDA in brain induced by ischemia. The raising of transudatory rate of LDH,breaking rate of DNA and content of MDA inducing by H 2O 2 in cultured neuron were also observed. The clearance rate of?OH in cultured neuron increased as the contents of Asclepiadaceae raised. CONCLUSION: The mechanism of Asclepiadaceae protecting the neuron is related to its ability to clean up free radical.

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