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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908047

ABSTRACT

Objective:To detect serum levels of vitamin A (Vit A), vitamin D(Vit D)25-hydroxy vitamin D[25-(OH)D] and vitamin E(Vit E) in children aged 0-6 years in Tibetan Plateau of Garzi Prefecture, thus providing references for physical examinations and prevention of 4 key diseases (rickets, malnutrition anemia, pneumonia and diarrhea) in children in plateau areas by relevant government departments.Methods:A total of 2 122 children who participated in physical examination in 12 townships of Xiangcheng County and 14 townships of Daocheng County, Garzi Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Sichuan Province from April 2017 to April 2019 with 0-6 years old were recruited for surveying physical measurements and collection of venous blood.Serum Vit A and Vit E levels were detected by high performance liquid chromatography.Serum levels of 25-(OH)D were detected by high performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry.The relationship between Vit A, Vit E and 25-(OH)D levels with the gender, age, seasonal change and altitude was analyzed.Results:The serum Vit A level, subclinical Vit A deficiency rate and marginal vitamin A deficiency rate were(1.05±0.27) μmol/L, 8.15%(173/2 122 cases) and 45.99%(976/2 122 cases), respectively in 2 122 children with 0-6 years old.There were significant differences in the serum Vit A level, the subclinical Vit A deficiency rate and the marginal vitamin A deficiency rate in children with different ages, seasons and altitudes (all P<0.05). The serum level of 25-(OH)D and 25-(OH)D deficiency rate insufficient rate were (24.65±6.45) ng/L, 6.03%(128/2 122 cases) and 16.59%(352/2 122 cases), respectively.There were significant differences in the serum level of 25-(OH)D, 25-(OH)D deficiency rate and 25-(OH)D insufficient rate in children with different ages and seasons (all P<0.05). The mean serum Vit E level, Vit E deficiency rate and Vit E insufficient rate were (7.81±1.74) mg/L, 2.78%(59/2 122 cases) and 29.59%(628/2 122 cases), respectively.There were significant differences in serum Vit E level, Vit E deficiency rate and Vit E insufficient rate in children with different ages and seasons (all P<0.05). The mean serum levels of Vit A and Vit D remained the lowest before the age of 1 year, and their deficiencies at this age were the most significant.The mean serum level of Vit E remained the lowest in >1-2 years old, and its deficiency and insufficient at this age were the most significant.Vit A, D and E levels were significantly affected by seasonal changes, which were significantly higher in the summer than in the spring, autumn and winter.In addition, Vit A and 25-(OH)D were significantly affected by the altitude, which were the lowest above 4 km altitude. Conclusions:The overall serum levels of Vit A, 25-(OH) D and E in children with 0-6 years old in Tibetan Plateau areas of Ganzi Prefecture are lower than those in plain areas.Vit A, 25-(OH) D and Vit E levels significantly differed in the age, season and altitude, which are related to the lack of local resources, insufficient maternal nutrition during pregnancy and insufficient intake after birth, as well as temperature and light caused by changes in local seasons and altitude.Therefore, it is necessary to make reasonable supplements during pregnancy to prevent vitamin deficiency.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907647

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of Yunpi-Xiefei-Huatan Decoction on airway mucus hypersecretion of asthmatic rats and its regulation on epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) / mucin 5AC (MUC5AC) signal pathway. Methods:Seventy SD rats were randomly divided into normal group, model group, high dose group, medium dose group, low dose group, western medicine group and combined group, with 10 rats in each group. Except the normal group, the other groups were sensitized with 1 ml ovalbumin and aluminum hydroxide mixture to establish the asthma rat model. On the 16th day of the experiment, the high, medium and low dose groups were given Yunpi-Xiefei-Huatan Decoction of 40, 20, 10 g/kg, respectively, the western medicine group was given carboxymethylstein tablets of 150 mg/kg, and the combined group was given Yunpi-Xiefei-Huatan Decoction of 20 g/kg and carboxymethylstein tablets of 150 mg/kg, once a day, for 4 weeks. The levels of tumor necrosis factor (TNF-α) and interleukin-13 (IL-13) in serum of rats were detected by Enzyme-linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA), the total number and classification of leukocytes in BALF were observed by Wright Giemsa staining, the pathological changes of lung tissue were observed by glycogen staining (PAS). The protein expression of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and MUC5AC (MUC5AC) were detected by Western blotting, and the mRNA expression of EGFR and MUC5AC was detected by Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-PCR). Results:Compared with the model group, the level of IL-13 and TNF-α in the high, medium and low dose groups of traditional Chinese medicine, western medicine group and combined group was significantly decreased ( P<0.05). The levels of WBC, eosinophils and neutrophils in rat alveolar lavage fluid were significantly decreased ( P<0.05). The expression of EGFR (0.466 ± 0.023, 0.354 ± 0.047, 0.667 ± 0.066, 0.553 ± 0.065, 0.290 ± 0.033 vs. 0.782 ± 0.047) and MUC5AC (0.424 ± 0.022, 0.313 ± 0.033, 0.603 ± 0.051, 0.495 ± 0.041, 0.243 ± 0.024 vs. 0.806 ± 0.090) significantly decreased ( P<0.05), the m RNA expression of EGFR (2.302 ± 0.321, 2.549 ± 0.623, 3.084 ± 0.453, 2.585 ± 0.314, 1.810 ± 0.379 vs. 4.101 ± 0.567), MUC5AC (3.243 ± 0.742, 3.283 ± 1.064, 4.419 ± 0.572, 3.817 ± 0.637, 2.469 ± 0.424 vs. 5.840 ± 0.661) in the high, medium and low dose groups, western medicine group and combined group was significantly decreased ( P<0.05). Conclusion:Yunpi-Xiefei-Huatan Decoction ccould inhibit asthma, and its mechanism mightbe related to the EGFR/MUC5AC signaling pathway.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905905

ABSTRACT

Objective:According to the GB/T 15000.3-2008, to develop a fucosterol certified reference material based on the project approved by Standardization Administration. Method:Fucosterol was isolated from <italic>Laminaria japonica</italic> dried thallus via 95% ethanol extraction, vacuum concentration, repeated column chromatography separation, recrystallization in petroleum ether-ethyl acetate, and residual solvent removal. Its chemical structure was identified by elemental analysis (EA), infrared spectrum (IR), mass spectrometry (MS), nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). Its homogeneity, stability, and cooperative certification conducted by 8 laboratories were carried out by high performance liquid chromatography with evaporative light scattering detector. Result:For the fucosterol reference material, the certified value of purity was 99.54% with expanded uncertainty of 0.16% in confidence interval of 95%, the stability was good within 24 months storage period at 2-4 ℃, which met the technical requirements of reference material and passed the acceptance organized by Standardization Administration. Conclusion:The national standard materials of fucosterol has been successfully developed, which can be used for the determination of this component, the evaluation of detection methods, and the detection and quality control of related products.

4.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 783-804, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922520

ABSTRACT

The current standard of care in hematological malignancies has brought considerable clinical benefits to patients. However, important bottlenecks still limit optimal achievements following a current medical practice. The genetic complexity of the diseases and the heterogeneity of tumor clones cause difficulty in ensuring long-term efficacy of conventional treatments for most hematological disorders. Consequently, new treatment strategies are necessary to improve clinical outcomes. Chimeric antigen receptor T-cell (CAR T) immunotherapy opens a new path for targeted therapy of hematological malignancies. In this review, through a representative case study, we summarize the current experience of CAR T-cell therapy, the management of common side effects, the causative mechanisms of therapy resistance, and new strategies to improve the efficacy of CAR T-cell therapy.


Subject(s)
Hematologic Neoplasms/therapy , Humans , Immunotherapy/adverse effects , Neoplasms , Receptors, Chimeric Antigen , T-Lymphocytes
5.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1561-1565, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922295

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To perform dried blood spots thalassemia gene detection in patients with positive blood phenotypes by microarray technology, and evaluate its value in clinical detection.@*METHODS@#DNA samples were extracted from dried blood spots of 410 patients. Microarray technology was used to detect 3 deletion and 3 non-deletion types of α-thalassemia and 19 β-thalassemia point mutations which were common gene mutions in China.@*RESULTS@#There were 357 positive cases in all the 410 tested samples with the positive rate 87.07%, among which 299 cases (72.93%) carried deletion or point mutations of α-thalassemia, 29 cases (7.07%) carried point mutations of β-thalassemia and 29 cases (7.07%) carried gene mutations of complex αβ-thalassemia syndrome. The mutations of α-thalassemia were involved with --@*CONCLUSION@#The most common genetic mutations are --


Subject(s)
China , Humans , Mutation , Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis , alpha-Thalassemia/genetics , beta-Thalassemia/genetics
6.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1907-1910, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922222

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To proceed the clinical evaluation of DNA microarray for thalassemia gene detection.@*METHODS@#Peripheral blood samples of 166 thalassemia gene test subjects were collected and tested for thalassemia genes by microarray chip method and Gap-PCR method combined with PCR-reverse dot blot hybridization method according to double-blind control test. The specificity, sensitivity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, and total coincidence rate of the microarray chip method were evaluated. When the two methods were inconsistent, multiplex ligation dependent probe amplification (MLPA) was used to verify the deletional α-thalassemia.@*RESULTS@#Compared with Gap-PCR method, specificity, sensitivity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, Youden index, and total coincidence rate of microarray chip method was 100% (70/70), 96.88% (93/96), 100% (93/93), 95.89% (70/73), 0.969, and 97.59% (162/166), respectively, while compared with PCR-reverse dot blot hybridization method was 100% (125/125), 100% (41/41), 100% (41/41), 100% (125/125), 1, and 100% (166/166), respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#The microarray chip method for α-thalassemia gene detection shows the advantages of high specificity, sensitivity, and throughput.


Subject(s)
Genetic Testing , Humans , Multiplex Polymerase Chain Reaction , Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis , alpha-Thalassemia/genetics
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921643

ABSTRACT

Chronic unpredicted mild stress(CUMS) combined with isolated feeding was used to induce depressed rat model. The anti-depressant effects of Zhizichi Decoction(ZZCD) and its solid fermented product(ZZC) were analyzed by behavioral test and comparison of pathological tissues of hippocampus and liver, metabolic characteristics of intestinal flora, and relative abundance of species. The results showed that ZZC could increase sucrose preference, shorten the immobility time in the forced swim test and tail suspension test(P<0.05), and repair damaged hippocampus and liver tissues, and the effect was superior to that of ZZCD. The results of Biolog ECO plates showed that the average well color development(AWCD) of intestinal flora in the model group significantly decreased and the metabolic levels of sugar and amino acids were reduced, while the AWCD of the treatment groups increased. The metabolic levels of the two carbon sources were improved in the ZZC group, while only sugar metabolic level was elevated in the ZZCD group. Metagenomic analysis of intestinal flora showed that the ratio of Firmicutes/Bacteroidetes was 3.87 in the control group, 21.77 in the model group, 5.91 in the ZZC group, and 18.48 in the ZZCD group. Lactobacillus increased by 3.28 times, and Prevotella and Bacteroidetes decreased by 75.59% and 76.39%, respectively in the model group as compared with that in the control group. Lactobacillus decreased by 31.13%, and Prevotella and Bacteroidetes increased by more than three times in the ZZC group as compared with that in the model group, while the corresponding changes in the ZZCD group were not significant. ZZC could improve depression-like beha-viors by regulating the structure of intestinal flora and metabolic functions and repairing damaged hippocampus and liver tissues in depressed rats, showing an anti-depressant effect superior to that of ZZCD. This study is expected to provide a basis for the development of new anti-depressant food products.


Subject(s)
Animals , Depression/drug therapy , Disease Models, Animal , Fermentation , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Hippocampus , Rats , Stress, Psychological
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921554

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the correlation of B-type natriuretic peptide(BNP)level with hemodynamic parameters and inflammatory cytokines in patients with Gram-negative sepsis,and further determine the main factors for the significant increase of BNP level. Methods The prospective study method was applied,and septic patients infected with Gram-negative bacteria from May 2017 to October 2019 were enrolled.The patients were divided into the BNP<2400 ng/L group and the BNP≥2400 ng/L group by taking the average value of BNP as the dividing point.The independent predictors of BNP≥2400 ng/L were analyzed by Logistic regression.Pearson correlation analysis was used to analyze the correlation between BNP and various indicators. Results A total of 106 patients with Gram-negative sepsis were included,among which 60 cases present with higher serum BNP levels than the average of(2398.45 ± 421.45)ng/L.Thus BNP≥2400 ng/L was considered as a significantly increased BNP level.Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that cardiac index(CI)[odds ratio (


Subject(s)
Cytokines , Gram-Negative Bacterial Infections , Hemodynamics , Humans , Natriuretic Peptide, Brain , Prognosis , Prospective Studies , Sepsis , Stroke Volume , Ventricular Function, Left
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912650

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the possibility of constructing tissue-engineered cartilage three-dimensional nanoscaffolds with collagen Ⅱ (COLⅡ), hyaluronic acid (HA) and chondroitin sulfate (CS).Methods:The tissue-engineered cartilage scaffolds were prepared by electrospinning techniques with the mixture COLⅡ-HA-CS solvent, which dissolved by 3-trifluoroethanol-water. The surface topography was observed under electron microscope (SEM). And the diameter of nanofibers, the water absorption rate, contact angle and degradation rate were also detected. Generation 2 rabbit chondrocytes were seeded into the scaffold. The cell survival rate and proliferation were evaluated by Cell Counting Kit-8.Results:When the concentration range of electrospinning was 80-120 mg/ml and the mixing ratio of Col, HA and CS was 6-8∶1∶1-2, the tissue engineered cartilage nanoscaffolds could be successfully prepared. Their diameters were mainly distributed between 126.5±23.3 nm and 374.7±14.1 nm. The scaffolds had satisfactory hydrophilicity and degradability. The chondrocytes could well adhere and proliferate on the scaffold.Conclusions:The COLⅡ-HA-CS tissue-engineered cartilage nanoscaffolds have good physical and biological properties, which suggests its promising application in tissue-engineered cartilage.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886850

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To study the clinical characteristics of overseas imported and related local COVID-19 patients in Chengdu. Methods    Fifty overseas imported patients who were Chinese and 14 related local patients with COVID-19 who were admitted to Public Health Clinical Center of Chengdu from November to December 2020 were selected. The epidemiological characteristics, clinical manifestations, auxiliary examination, treatment and prognosis were summarized and analyzed. Results    The local group were older, and they were mostly elderly and females (P≤0.05). Compared with the imported group, the proportion of the local group was higher in heart disease and tumor. More patients had cough, fever and expectoration symptoms (P≤0.05). C-reactive protein, fasting blood glucose and fibrinogen were higher, and the lymphocyte count, blood platelet count, CD3+ T lymphocyte count, CD4+ T lymphocyte count, CD8+ T lymphocyte count were lower. The positive rate of novel coronavirus total antibody, IgG antibody and IgM antibody in the imported group were higher than those in the local group (P≤0.05). The negative conversion time of the median nucleic acid was shorter than that of local patients (P≤0.05). Conclusion    There are differences in sex ratio, age, complications, clinical manifestations, lymphocyte measurement value, T lymphocyte count and negative conversion time of nucleic acid between overseas imported and local COVID-19 patients in Chengdu. The local patients are mostly elderly and have more complicated conditions, but all of them have good prognosis.

11.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 757-762, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886482

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the current awareness of core knowledge about cancer prevention and its influencing factors among residents in Zhejiang Province, in order to provide a reference for formulating provincial health education strategies of cancer prevention.@*Methods @#From November 2019 to October 2020, the permanent residents aged 18-74 years in Zhejiang Province were selected using multi-stage stratified sampling method. A questionnaire was designed according to Core Information and Knowledge on Cancer Prevention to collect general information, health status, and awareness of core knowledge about cancer prevention. The multivariate logistic regression model was used to analyze the influencing factors. @*Results@#Among 6 974 valid respondents, 3 139 ( 45.01% ) were males and 3 835 ( 54.99% ) were females. The overall awareness rate of core knowledge about cancer prevention was 74.66%; the awareness rates of basic knowledge, risk factors and primary prevention, screening and early diagnosis as well as treatment and rehabilitation were 79.08%, 80.83%, 76.08% and 82.99%, respectively. The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the residents who were in rural areas ( OR=0.659, 95%CI: 0.585-0.743 ), ≥45 years old ( OR: 0.794-0.801, 95%CI: 0.655-0.981 ) and with obesity (OR=0.531, 95%CI: 0.436-0.647) had lower awareness rates, while the residents who were with an educational level of junior high school/technical school/senior high school or above ( OR: 1.390-4.361, 95%CI: 1.208-5.600 ), married (OR=1.414, 95%CI: 1.142-1.752), administrative/technical personnel ( OR=2.602, 95%CI: 2.005-3.377 ), service staff/private business owners ( OR=1.368, 95%CI: 1.111-1.684), retired ( OR=1.345, 95%CI: 1.105-1.639 ) and others ( OR=1.542, 95%CI: 1.295-1.838 ), and with experience of cancer screening or examination ( OR=1.267, 95%CI: 1.123-1.428 ) had higher awareness rates. @*Conclusions@#The awareness rate of core knowledge about cancer prevention in Zhejiang Province is 74.66%. Health education for the residents aged ≥45 years, living in rural areas, having low educational levels, and having obesity should be

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879062

ABSTRACT

Sichuan province is very famous for its abundant resources of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM).However, within the scope of administrative division of Sichuan province, the origin records of Dao-di herbs in different historical periods show a dynamic distribution process. On the basis of carefully sorting out the geographical scope of Sichuan province in different historical periods, this article focuses on the textual research of the Dao-di herbs in Sichuan province recorded in the seven mainstream ancient works of materia medica.The results showed that, according to the records of Mingyi bielu and Bencaojing Jizhu, the main distribution areas of Dao-di herbs were mainly in the central and eastern regions of Sichuan province, mainly including Moschus, Coptidis Rhizoma, Zingiberis Rhizoma, Aconiti Lateralis Radix Praeparata and most of the rest materia medica had become unused in the historical process. Qianjin Yifang records that the distribution areas of Dao-di herbs were mainly in the middle and eastern part of Sichuan province.Aconiti Radix, Lateralis Radix Praeparata, Zingiberis Rhizoma, Notopterygii Rhizoma et Radix are still the Dao-di herbs of Sichuan province. According to the book of Bencao Tujing,the main distribution areas of Dao-di herbs are Chengdu Plain, Yibin and Santai, While Toosendan Fructus, Chuanxiong Rhizoma, Zanthoxyli Pericarpium, Aconiti Radix are still the Dao-di herbs of Sichuan province. Ben Cao Gang Mu records the place of origin as Sichuan.Coptidis Rhizoma, Toosendan Fructus, Cyathulae Radix are still the Dao-di herbs of Sichuan pro-vince. Yaowu Chuchanbian and Zengding Weiyao Tiaobian records the place of origin as Sichuan, as well as Kangding, Songpan, Dujiang-yan, Jiangyou, Nanchong, Ya'an, etc. Moschus, Coptidis Rhizoma, Eucommiae Cortex, Phellodendri Chinensis Cortex are still the Dao-di herbs of Sichuan province. The results of this article provide a new understanding of the history and distribution changes of Dao-di herbs in Sichuan province, and can help to further understand the formation connotation of Sichuan Dao-di herbs.


Subject(s)
Aconitum , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Materia Medica , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Rhizome
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876066

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To analyze the clinical features and prognosis of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients. Methods    A total of 379 confirmed COVID-19 patients admitted to Public Health Clinical Center of Chengdu from January 16 to November 30, 2020 were divided into two groups including an elderly group (42 patients, ≥60 years) and a non-elderly group (337 patients, <60 years) by age. The epidemiology, clinical features, laboratory tests, treatment and prognosis of the two groups were compared. Results    Among the 379 patients, 286 (75.5%) were males and 93 (24.5%) were females, aged from 2 months to 87 years, with an average age of 41.2 years. The average age of the elderly group was 69.5 years, and 61.9% of them were females. They were imported from Wuhan or local secondary patients (73.8%), mainly common or critical type (88.1%). While, the average age of the non-elderly group was 37.8 years, and males were more common (80.1%). There were mostly from foreign input (75.7%), mainly mild or ordinary type (95.0%). A total of 179 patients (47.2%) had one or more underlying diseases. Hypertension (15 patients, 35.7%) and diabetes (11 patients, 26.2%) were more common in the elderly group, while non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (132 patients, 39.2%) was more frequent in the non-elderly group. The most common clinical manifestations were fever (138 patients, 36.4%) and cough (129 patients, 34.0%). Fever, cough, dyspnea, and fatigue were more common in the elderly group than those in the non-elderly group (P<0.05). Compared with the non-elderly group, the elderly group had lower total lymphocyte count, CD4+ and CD8+ T-cell count, higher level of myocardial injury or inflammation markers (P<0.05). Abnormal echocardiography in 139 patients (36.7%) was mainly caused by decreased left ventricular diastolic function (22.7%) and heart valve regurgitation (14.0%), and the rate in the elderly group was significantly higher than that in the non-elderly group (85.7% vs. 30.6%, P<0.05). After treatment, 3 patients in the elderly group died, and the others were cured and discharged. The hospitalization duration of the elderly group was longer than that of the non-elderly group (22.1 d vs. 18.8 d, P=0.033). Conclusions    Elderly COVID-19 patients are mainly imported from Wuhan or secondary to the local population, mainly common or critical type, often associated with basic diseases such as hypertension or diabetes. While, non-elderly COVID-19 patients are mainly imported from abroad, mainly mild or common type, often associated with non-alcoholic steatohepatitis. After treatment, most of the patients have a good prognosis.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867018

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the relationship between Helicobacter pylori (HP) infection and homocysteine (Hcy) levels and cerebral small vessel disease (CSVD).Methods:From March 2017 to December 2018, 67 patients (outpatient and inpatient) who complained of dizziness in the First Affiliated Hospital of Jinzhou Medical University were divided into CSVD group(30 cases) and control group(37 cases). Single factor analysis, Spearman correlation analysis and binary logistic regression analysis were used to analyze the influencing factors of CSVD.Receiver operating characteristic curve was used to predict the diagnostic value of influencing factors for CSVD.The effects of HP and Hcy on CSVD were analyzed using mediation effect.Results:(1)Hcy ( r=0.345, P=0.004), HP positive ( r=0.274, P=0.026), age ( r=0.420, P=0.000), male ( r=0.260, P=0.034), total cholesterol ( r=0.273, P=0.025), triglycerides ( r=0.272, P=0.026), hypertension ( r=0.454, P=0.000), diabetes ( r=0.284, P=0.020), smoking ( r=0.499, P=0.000), coronary heart disease ( r=0.284, P=0.020) were positively correlated with CSVD.(2)Logistic regression analysis showed that Hcy ( β=0.315, OR=1.370, 95% CI=1.025-1.831), total cholesterol ( β=0.979, OR=2.661, 95% CI=1.086-6.523) were independent risk factors for CSVD.(3)Hcy (sensitivity: 76.7%, specificity: 86.5%)and total cholesterol levels(sensitivity: 90.0%, specificity: 83.8%) had specific and sensitive diagnostic value for the diagnosis of CSVD, and total cholesterol (area under ROC curve=0.928) had more diagnostic value than Hcy (area under ROC curve=0.877). (4) The mediating effect of HP on CSVD was not completely affected by the mediating effect of Hcy, and HP had partially direct effect on CSVD. Conclusions:(1) Hcy and total cholesterol are independent risk factors of CSVD, which have specific and sensitive diagnostic value for CSVD, especially for total cholesterol.(2)The mediating effect of HP on CSVD is not completely affected by the mediating variable Hcy, and HP has a partially direct effect on CSVD.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905367

ABSTRACT

Neuromodulation is a kind of technique based on neurocortical repair mechanism, which affects the cerebral cortex by electrical or chemical means directly or indirectly, impacts the activity of neurons, to help the reconstruction of neural network and promote functional recovery. Transcranial direct current stimulation and transcranial magnetic stimulation are the neuromodulation techniques used widely in the rehabilitation of dysphagia in recent years. Neuromodulation intervention strategies for dysphagia can be selected in term of models, electrode placement, frequency, etc., based on the cerebral damage, to excite, inhibit or regulate target cerebral cortex, to improve swallowing function.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879922

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To summarize the experience of perioperative prevention during double-lung transplantation for elderly patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).@*METHODS@#Clinical data of 2 elderly patients with COVID-19 who underwent double-lung transplantation in the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University School of Medicine in March 2020 were retrospectively reviewed. Perioperative protective measures were introduced in terms of medical staffing, respiratory tract, pressure injuries, air in operating room, instruments and equipment, pathological specimens, and information management.@*RESULTS@#Two cases of double-lung transplantation were successfully completed, and the patients had no operation-related complications. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenator was successfully removed 2 to 4 days after surgery and the patients recovered well. There was no infection among medical staff.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Adequate preoperative preparation, complete patient transfer procedures, proper placement of instruments and equipment, strengthening of intraoperative care management, and attention to prevention of pressure injury complications can maximize the safety of COVID-19 patients and medical staff.


Subject(s)
Aged , Betacoronavirus , COVID-19 , Coronavirus Infections , Humans , Lung Transplantation/standards , Pandemics , Perioperative Care/standards , Pneumonia, Viral , Postoperative Complications/prevention & control , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2 , Transplant Recipients
17.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 117-125, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827860

ABSTRACT

Since the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic in early December 2019, 81 174 confirmed cases and 3242 deaths have been reported in China as of March 19, 2020. The Chinese people and government have contributed huge efforts to combat this disease, resulting in significant improvement of the situation, with 58 new cases (34 were imported cases) and 11 new deaths reported on March 19, 2020. However, as of March 19, 2020, the COVID-19 pandemic continues to develop in 167 countries/territories outside of China, and 128 665 confirmed cases and 5536 deaths have been reported, with 16 498 new cases and 817 new deaths occurring in last 24 hours. Therefore, the world should work together to fight against this pandemic. Here, we review the recent advances in COVID-19, including the insights in the virus, the responses of the host cells, the cytokine release syndrome, and the therapeutic approaches to inhibit the virus and alleviate the cytokine storm. By sharing knowledge and deepening our understanding of the virus and the disease pathogenesis, we believe that the community can efficiently develop effective vaccines and drugs, and the mankind will eventually win this battle against this pandemic.


Subject(s)
Betacoronavirus , China , Epidemiology , Coronavirus Infections , Epidemiology , Therapeutics , Humans , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Epidemiology , Therapeutics
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827441

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To develop a new Chinese medicine (CM)-based drug and to evaluate its safety and effect for suppressing acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) in COVID-19 patients.@*METHODS@#A putative ARDS-suppressing drug Keguan-1 was first developed and then evaluated by a randomized, controlled two-arm trial. The two arms of the trial consist of a control therapy (alpha interferon inhalation, 50 µg twice daily; and lopinavir/ritonavir, 400 and 100 mg twice daily, respectively) and a testing therapy (control therapy plus Keguan-1 19.4 g twice daily) by random number table at 1:1 ratio with 24 cases each group. After 2-week treatment, adverse events, time to fever resolution, ARDS development, and lung injury on newly diagnosed COVID-19 patients were assessed.@*RESULTS@#An analysis of the data from the first 30 participants showed that the control arm and the testing arm did not exhibit any significant differences in terms of adverse events. Based on this result, the study was expanded to include a total of 48 participants (24 cases each arm). The results show that compared with the control arm, the testing arm exhibited a significant improvement in time to fever resolution (P=0.035), and a significant reduction in the development of ARDS (P=0.048).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Keguan-1-based integrative therapy was safe and superior to the standard therapy in suppressing the development of ARDS in COVID-19 patients. (Trial registration No. NCT04251871 at www.clinicaltrials.gov ).


Subject(s)
Administration, Inhalation , Adult , China , Coronavirus Infections , Diagnosis , Drug Therapy , Mortality , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Drug Administration Schedule , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Integrative Medicine , Interferon-alpha , Lopinavir , Male , Middle Aged , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Diagnosis , Drug Therapy , Mortality , Risk Assessment , Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome , Diagnosis , Drug Therapy , Mortality , Severity of Illness Index , Survival Rate
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827079

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To develop a new Chinese medicine (CM)-based drug and to evaluate its safety and effect for suppressing acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) in COVID-19 patients.@*METHODS@#A putative ARDS-suppressing drug Keguan-1 was first developed and then evaluated by a randomized, controlled two-arm trial. The two arms of the trial consist of a control therapy (alpha interferon inhalation, 50 µg twice daily; and lopinavir/ritonavir, 400 and 100 mg twice daily, respectively) and a testing therapy (control therapy plus Keguan-1 19.4 g twice daily) by random number table at 1:1 ratio with 24 cases each group. After 2-week treatment, adverse events, time to fever resolution, ARDS development, and lung injury on newly diagnosed COVID-19 patients were assessed.@*RESULTS@#An analysis of the data from the first 30 participants showed that the control arm and the testing arm did not exhibit any significant differences in terms of adverse events. Based on this result, the study was expanded to include a total of 48 participants (24 cases each arm). The results show that compared with the control arm, the testing arm exhibited a significant improvement in time to fever resolution (P=0.035), and a significant reduction in the development of ARDS (P=0.048).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Keguan-1-based integrative therapy was safe and superior to the standard therapy in suppressing the development of ARDS in COVID-19 patients. (Trial registration No. NCT04251871 at www.clinicaltrials.gov ).


Subject(s)
Administration, Inhalation , Adult , China , Coronavirus Infections , Diagnosis , Drug Therapy , Mortality , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Drug Administration Schedule , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Integrative Medicine , Interferon-alpha , Lopinavir , Male , Middle Aged , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Diagnosis , Drug Therapy , Mortality , Risk Assessment , Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome , Diagnosis , Drug Therapy , Mortality , Severity of Illness Index , Survival Rate
20.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 629-633, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821111

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the epidemiological characteristics of a family clustering of COVID-19. Methods Field epidemiological survey was conducted. Result Case 1 of the long-term residents from Hubei province was the source of infection of this family clustering. There were 6 cases (from case 2 to case 7) infected in the whole incubation period. The incubation period was more than 14 days for 3 of the second-generation cases. Routes of transmission include respiratory droplets (from case 1 transmitted to case 6, from case 1 to her family members) and closecontact (from case 1 to other cases in her family). All the age groups were generally susceptible, while elderly were easier to progress to critically ill. Besides respiratory symptoms, there were also gastrointestinal symptoms, of which diarrhea was the most common one. Conclusion Family clustering had been an important part for COVID-19 cases.

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