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1.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 61-68, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971318

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) intervention on the vasoconstriction of cerebral artery smooth muscle cells after cerebral infarction.@*METHODS@#Male Wistar rats were randomly divided into 3 groups by a random number table: the model group (n=24), the EA group (n=24), and the normal group (n=6). The model and the EA groups were divided into different time subgroups at 0.5, 1, 3, and 6 h after middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO), with 6 rats in each subgroup. MCAO model was established using intraluminal suture occlusion method. The EA group was given EA treatment at acupoint Shuigou (GV 26) instantly after MCAO for 20 min. The contents of cerebrovascular smooth muscle MLCK, the 3 subunits of myosin light chain phosphatase (MLCP) MYPT1, PP1c-δ and M20, as well as myosin-ATPase activity were detected using immunohistochemistry and Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#The overall expression level of the MYPT1 and PP1c-δ in the model group was significantly higher (P<0.01). After EA intervention, the 0.5 h group expression level was close to that of the normal group (P>0.05), and the other subgroups were still significantly higher than the normal group (P<0.01). After EA intervention, the expression level of each subgroup was significantly lower than the corresponding model group. There was a significant difference between the 0.5 and 1 h subgroups (P<0.01), while a difference was also observed between the 3 and 6 h subgroups (P<0.05). The dynamic change rule gradually increased with the prolongation of infarction time within 6 h after infarction.@*CONCLUSION@#EA intervention can inhibit contraction of cerebral vascular smooth muscle cells and regulate smooth muscle relaxation by regulating MLCK pathway.


Subject(s)
Rats , Male , Animals , Rats, Wistar , Electroacupuncture , Cerebral Infarction/metabolism , Muscle, Smooth , Acupuncture Points , Brain Ischemia/therapy
2.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 253-259, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971259

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the feasibility, safety, and short- and long-term efficacy of laparoscopic pelvic exenteration (LPE) in treating locally advanced rectal cancer. Methods: The clinical data of 173 patients who had undergone pelvic exenteration (PE) for locally advanced rectal cancer that had been shown by preoperative imaging or intraoperative exploration to have invaded beyond the mesorectal excision plane and adjacent organs in the Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences (n=64) and Peking University First Hospital (n=109) from 2010 January to 2021 December were collected retrospectively. Laparoscopic PE (LPE) had been performed on 82 of these patients and open PE (OPE) on 91. Short- and long-term outcomes (1-, 3-, and 5-year overall and disease-free survival and 1- and 3-year cumulative local recurrence rates) were compared between these groups. Results: The only statistically significant difference in baseline data between the two groups (P>0.05) was administration of neoadjuvant therapy. Compared with OPE, LPE had a significantly shorter operative time (319.3±129.3 minutes versus 417.3±155.0 minutes, t=4.531, P<0.001) and less intraoperative blood loss (175 [20-2000] ml vs. 500 [20-4500] ml, U=2206.500, P<0.001). The R0 resection rates were 98.8% and 94.5%, respectively (χ2=2.355, P=0.214). At 18.3% (15/82), and the incidence of perioperative complications was lower in the LPE group than in the OPE group (37.4% [34/91], χ2=7.727, P=0.005). The rates of surgical site infection were 7.3% (6/82) and 23.1% (21/91) in the LPE and OPE group, respectively (χ2=8.134, P=0.004). The rates of abdominal wound infection were 0 and 12.1% (11/91) (χ2=10.585, P=0.001), respectively, and of urinary tract infection 0 and 6.6% (6/91) (χ2=5.601, P=0.030), respectively. Postoperative hospital stay was shorter in the LPE than OPE group (12 [4-60] days vs. 15 [7-87] days, U=2498.000, P<0.001). The median follow-up time was 40 (2-88) months in the LPE group and 59 (1-130) months in the OPE group. The 1-, 3-, and 5-year overall survival rates were 91.3%, 76.0%, and 62.5%, respectively, in the LPE group, and 91.2%, 68.9%, and 57.6%, respectively, in the OPE group. The 1, 3, and 5-year disease-free survival rates were 82.8%, 64.9%, and 59.7%, respectively, in the LPE group and 76.9%, 57.8%, and 52.7%, respectively, in the OPE group. The 1- and 3-year cumulative local recurrence rates were 5.1% and 14.1%, respectively, in the LPE group and 8.0% and 15.1%, respectively, in the OPE group (both P>0.05). Conclusions: In locally advanced rectal cancer patients, LPE is associated with shorter operative time, less intraoperative blood loss, fewer perioperative complications, and shorter hospital stay compared with OPE. It is safe and feasible without compromising oncological effect.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pelvic Exenteration/methods , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Blood Loss, Surgical , Laparoscopy/methods , Rectal Neoplasms/surgery
3.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 285-289, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981265

ABSTRACT

Age,a basic marker of the population,is an indispensable demographic characteristic in medicine.However,the grouping in medicine according to age have problems such as inconsistent grouping criteria and ambiguous definition of age-related terms.Therefore,this article reviews the age-based grouping criteria and the application of related terms in medicine.

4.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 5326-5336, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008730

ABSTRACT

For the first time, this study evaluated the gender differences and mechanisms of the antidepressant effects of raw Rehmanniae Radix(RRR) based on the classic depression model with traditional Chinese medicine syndrome of Yin deficiency and internal heat. The depression model with Yin deficiency and internal heat was established by the widely recognized and applied method of thyroxine induction of the classic depression model with Yin deficiency and internal heat(chronic unpredictable mild stress). Male and female mice were simultaneously treated with RRR. The study analyzed indicators of nourishing Yin and clearing heat, conventional antidepressant efficacy test indicators, and important biomolecules reflecting the pathogenesis and prevention and treatment mechanisms of depression, and conducted a correlation analysis of antidepressant efficacy, Yin-nourishing and heat-clearing efficacy, and biological mechanism in different genders, thereby comprehensively assessing the antidepressant effects of RRR on depression of Yin deficiency and internal heat, as well as its gender differences and mechanisms. RRR exhibited antidepressant effects in both male and female mouse models, and its antidepressant efficacy showed gender differences, with a superior effect observed in females. Moreover, the effects of RRR on enhancing or improving hippocampal neuronal pathology, nucleus-positive areas, postsynaptic dense area protein 95, and synaptophysin protein expression were more significant in females than in males. In addition, RRR significantly reversed the abnormal upregulation of nuclear factor(NF)-κB/cyclooxygenase 2(COX2)/NOD-like receptor thermal protein domain associated protein 3(NLRP3) pathway proteins in the hippocampus of both male and female mouse models. The antidepressant effects of RRR were more pronounced in depression female mice with Yin deficiency and internal heat syndrome, possibly due to the improvement of neuronal damage and enhancement of neuroplasticity. The antidepressant mechanisms of RRR for depression with Yin deficiency and internal heat syndrome may be associated with the downregulation of the NF-κB/COX2/NLRP3 pathway to reduce neuronal damage and enhance neuroplasticity.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Mice , Animals , Yin Deficiency , NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein , Sex Factors , Cyclooxygenase 2 , NF-kappa B , Antidepressive Agents/pharmacology
5.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 569-575, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995019

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the risk factors of poor renal prognosis in patients with coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG)-associated acute kidney injury (AKI), and establish a preliminary clinical risk prediction model for chronic kidney disease (CKD) progression in CABG-associated AKI patients, and evaluate its predictive efficacy.Methods:It was a retrospective, observational cohort study. The study subjects were patients who underwent CABG at Central China Fuwai Hospital from January 1, 2018 to December 31, 2020, with a baseline estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR)>60 ml·min -1·(1.73 m 2) -1 and postoperative complication of AKI. The patients were followed up for 90 days after discharge from hospital. The endpoint event was defined as progression to CKD after 90 days of the occurrence of CABG-associated AKI. The patients were divided into CKD group and non-CKD group based on whether they experienced endpoint events. The baseline clinical data were compared between the two groups. The logistic regression model was used to analyze the risk factors of endpoint event. The receiver-operating characteristic curve was drawn to evaluate the performance of the clinical risk prediction model for predicting poor renal prognosis in CABG-associated AKI patients. Results:A total of 124 CABG-associated AKI patients were enrolled in the study, including 95 males and 29 females, aged (62.57±9.61) years old. Thirty-eight patients (30.8%) progressed to new-onset CKD 90 days after CABG-associated AKI. Compared with non-CKD group, CKD group had lower preoperative hemoglobin ( t=2.778, P=0.006) and baseline eGFR ( t=3.603, P<0.001), higher proportion of women ( χ2=10.714, P=0.001), and higher preoperative blood NT-proBNP ( Z=-2.150, P=0.030) and discharged serum creatinine ( Z=-5.290, P<0.001). The multivariate logistic regression analysis results revealed that female ( OR=5.179, 95% CI 1.535-17.477, P=0.008), high preoperative blood NT-proBNP ( OR=1.049, 95% CI 1.004-1.095, P=0.032), low baseline eGFR ( OR=0.928, 95% CI 0.889-0.968, P=0.001), and high serum creatinine at discharge ( OR=1.019, 95% CI 1.009-1.029, P<0.001) were independent influencing factors of CABG-associated AKI to CKD. The clinical risk prediction model including female, preoperative blood NT-proBNP, preoperative baseline eGFR, and serum creatinine at discharge produced a moderate performance for predicting CABG-associated AKI to CKD ( AUC=0.872, 95% CI 0.806-0.939, P<0.001). Conclusion:Patients with CABG-associated AKI are at high risks for new-onset CKD. Female, preoperative high NT-proBNP, preoperative low baseline eGFR and high serum creatinine at discharge can help identify patients with a high risk of CABG-associated AKI to CKD.

6.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 91-95, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992918

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the diagnostic performance and clinical significance of SLE-DAS in the disease activity of SLE patients in China.Methods:The clinical data of 134 patients with SLE were collected. The disease activity was evaluated by SLE-DAS, SLEDAI-2000, BILAG-2004 and PGA scoring tools. Pearson test and Spearman test were used to analyze the correlation. The receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC curve) was used to evaluate SLE-DAS, and Kappa consistency test was adapted to assess the consistency of the two scoring methods.Results:One hundred and thirty-four patients with SLE, including 7 males and 127 females, aged 13-77 years, with an average of (35±13) years were included. Among them, renal involvement was 38.1%, skin mucosal involvement was 11.2%, musculoskeletal involvement was 8.2%, blood system involvement was 13.4%, heart and lung involvement was 2.2%, neuropsychiatric involvement was 1.5%, and multisystem involvement was 3.0%. SLE-DAS was positively correlated with CRP, ESR, anti-dsDNA antibody, urinary protein (24 h) level, SLEDAI-2000, BILAG-2004 and PGA ( r=0.25, 0.34, 0.47, 0.77, 0.93, 0.94, 0.95, P<0.01); SLE-DAS was negatively correlated with PLT, Hb, C3 and C4 ( r=-0.29, -0.43, -0.41, -0.32, P<0.01). When SLEDAI-2000>5 was used as a cut point for analyzing SLE-DAS, the results showed that the area under the curve (AUC) 95% CI of SLE-DAS was 0.961 (0.927,0.995), the Yoden index was 0.845. When the cut-off value was set up to 4.65( P<0.001), the sensitivity was 98.11%, the specificity was 86.42%, and the accuracy was 91.04%. Kappa consistency test showed that kappa value was 0.819( P<0.001). Conclusions:SLE-DAS can be used to evaluate the disease activity of SLE patients and can be used as the evidence to guide treatment plan in clinical practice.

7.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 37-42, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992258

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the correlation between anti-C1q antibody and disease activity and cellular immune function in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE).Methods:The clinical data and test indexes of 134 patients with SLE and 90 healthy people who were admitted to Henan Provincial People′s Hospital from June 2017 to February 2018 were collected. The level of anti-C1q antibody was measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and lymphocyte subsets were measured by flow cytometry. According to the score of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Disease Activity Index (SLEDAI)-2K, SLE patients were divided into active and inactive groups, and SLE patients were divided into LN group and non-LN group according to the presence or absence of kidney involvement. The levels of anti-C1q antibodies and lymphocyte subsets were compared among the three groups, and correlations between anti-C1q antibodies and disease activity and lymphocytes were analyzed. The predictive value of anti-C1q antibodies and anti double stranded DNA (dsDNA) antibodies for SLE disease activity was evaluated.Results:The anti-C1q antibody level, percentage of T cells and Ts cells in SLE group were higher than those in control group, while the percentage of Th cells, percentage of NK cells, T cell count, Th cell count, B cell count and NK cell count in SLE group were lower than those in control group (all P<0.05); The anti-C1q antibody level in the active group was higher than that in the inactive group, and the counts of T cells, Ts cells, Th cells, B cells and NK cells were lower than those in the inactive group (all P<0.05); The anti-C1q antibody level in LN group was higher than that in non-LN group, and the T cell count, Ts cell count, Th cell count, B cell count, NK cell count were lower than that in non-LN group, with statistically significant difference (all P<0.05). Correlation analysis showed that age, hemoglobin (HB), C3, C4, T cell count, Th cell count, B cell count and NK cell count were negatively correlated with anti-C1q antibody, while SLEDAI-2K, C-reactive protein (CRP), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and anti-dsDNA antibody were positively correlated with anti-C1q antibody (all P<0.05). Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis showed that the area under the curve (AUC) of anti-C1q antibody alone in predicting SLE disease activity was 0.702, with a sensitivity of 0.547 and a specificity of 0.827. The combination of anti-C1q and anti ds-DNA antibodies resulted in an AUC of 0.761, a sensitivity of 0.756, and a specificity of 0.691. The combined detection value of the two antibodies predicting SLE disease activity was better than the single detection. Conclusions:Anti-C1q antibody is closely related to disease activity and cellular immune dysfunction, and has certain predictive value in SLE disease activity.

8.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 15-22, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933841

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the clinical efficacy of angiotensin-receptor neprilysin inhibitors (ARNI) in the treatment of maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) with heart failure.Methods:The clinical data of heart failure patients who accepted MHD in Central China Fuwai Hospital were retrospectively collected. All patients accepted regular treatments of heart failure, and then the treatment group was treated with ARNI, while the control group was treated with valsartan. The treatment course was 6 months. The cardiac parameters: left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), left ventricular end-diastolic dimension (LVEDD), left ventricular end-systolic dimension (LVESD), pulmonary artery pressure, right ventricular end-diastolic dimension (RVED), right atrial end-diastolic dimension (RAED), N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-pro BNP), and serum potassium were collected and compared between the two groups. Multivariate ordered logistic regression analysis was adopted to analyze the influencing factors of treatment effect.Results:A total of 60 MHD patients with heart failure were enrolled with age of (53.92±11.88) years old, 37 males (61.7%), dialysis age of (27.83±12.92) months, and blood pressure of (154.22±15.27) mmHg/(85.43±12.31) mmHg. (1) There was no significant difference of the clinical data and cardiac parameters between the treatment group ( n=30) and the control group ( n=30) before treatment (all P>0.05); (2) After treatment of 6 months, the total effective rate [28/30(93.3%)] in the treatment group was significantly higher than that in the control group [20/30(66.7%)] and the rehospitalization rate [2/30(6.7%)] in the treatment group was significantly lower than that in the control group [10/30(33.3%)] (both P<0.05); (3) After treatment of 6 months, LVEF, LVEDD, LVESD, pulmonary artery pressure, RVED, RAED, NT-pro BNP, and blood pressure were all improved significantly compared with the baseline in both groups (all P<0.05) and there was no significant difference of serum potassium and body weight before and after treatment in the two groups (all P>0.05); (4) After treatment of 6 months, LVEF in the treatment group was higher than that in the control group and LVEDD, LVESD, pulmonary artery pressure, NT-pro BNP, and blood pressure in the treatment group were lower than those in the control group (all P<0.05). There was no significant difference of RVED, RAED, serum potassium and body weight between the two groups after treatment (all P>0.05); (5)The difference values before and after treatment of LVEF, LVEDD, LVESD, NT-pro BNP, body weight, systolic blood pressure, and diastolic blood pressure were different between the two groups (all P<0.05); (6)Therapy method ( β=-1.863, 95% CI -2.948-0.777, P=0.001) and residual urine ( β=-1.686, 95% CI -3.079- -0.293, P=0.018) were independent influencing factors of treatment effect (the treatment effect of ARNI was better than that of valsartan; the treatment effect of patients with normal urine volume was better than that of patients with oliguria and anuria). Conclusions:ARNI can effectively improve cardiac function in MHD patients with heart failure, inhibit ventricular remodeling, and improve disease prognosis.

9.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 176-180, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928383

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To prepare a quality control sample for non-invasive prenatal screening (NIPS) and evaluate its quality and stability.@*METHODS@#According to the biological characteristics of cell-free fetal DNA derived from the plasma of pregnant women, the simulated samples were prepared by mixing genomic DNA fragments derived from individuals with trisomy 21, trisomy 18 and trisomy 13 and background plasma. The samples were then compared with commercially made quality control products tested on various NIPS platforms and stored at -80℃, -20℃, 4℃, 24℃ and 37℃ for various periods of time.@*RESULTS@#The simulated samples have attained the expected results and could be detected on various platforms and stored at -80℃and -20℃ for at least 30 days.@*CONCLUSION@#A simulated sample was successfully prepared and possessed good stability. It can be used as the quality control sample for NIPS.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Aneuploidy , Down Syndrome/genetics , Noninvasive Prenatal Testing , Prenatal Diagnosis , Trisomy/genetics
10.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 407-412, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927397

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of acupuncture on the balance of T helper (Th) 1/Th2 cells in peripheral blood, inflammatory reaction and intracerebral neuroinflammation in vascular dementia (VD) rats, and to explore the mechanism of acupuncture for improving cognitive function in VD.@*METHODS@#A total of 60 SPF Wistar rats were randomized into a normal group (n=12), a sham operation group (n=12) and an operation group (n=36). Bilateral common carotid artery occlusion was adopted to establish the VD model in rats of the operation group. The rats of successful modeling were randomized into a model group and an acupuncture group, 12 rats in each one. In the acupuncture group, Sanjiao acupuncture was applied at "Danzhong" (CV 17), "Zhongwan" (CV 12), "Qihai" (CV 6), "Xuehai" (SP 10) and "Zusanli" (ST 36), the needles were manipulated for 30 s at each acupoint, without retaining. The intervention was given once a day for 15 days, and there was 1-day rest on day 8. Morris water maze test was adopted to observe the ethology, flow cytometry was used to detect the ratio of Th1/Th2 in peripheral blood, and Luminex liquid chip technology was used to detect the levels of interleukin (IL)-4, IL-10, interferon-γ (IFN-γ) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) in serum and hippocampus.@*RESULTS@#There were no significant differences in various indexes between the normal group and the sham operation group (P>0.05). Compared with the sham operation group, in the model group, the escape latency of hidden platform test and reversal platform test was prolonged (P<0.01), the residence time of the original platform quadrant was shortened and the number of crossing the original platform was reduced in probe test (P<0.01, P<0.05), the proportion of Th1 cells was increased, the proportion of Th2 cells was decreased and the ratio of Th1/Th2 cells was increased in peripheral blood (P<0.01), the levels of TNF-α and IFN-γ were increased, the levels of IL-4 and IL-10 were decreased in serum and hippocampus (P<0.05, P<0.01). Compared with the model group, in the acupuncture group, the escape latency of hidden platform test and reversal platform test was shortened (P<0.01), the residence time of the original platform quadrant of the probe test was prolonged (P<0.05), the proportion of Th1 cells was decreased, the proportion of Th2 cells was increased and the ratio of Th1 / Th2 cells was decreased in peripheral blood (P<0.05), the levels of TNF-α and IFN-γ were decreased, the levels of IL-4 and IL-10 were increased in serum and hippocampus (P<0.05, P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture can improve the cognitive dysfunction and reduce the intracerebral neuroinflammation in VD rats, its mechanism may relate to the regulation of Th1/Th2 cells balance and reduce the inflammatory reaction in peripheral blood.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Acupuncture Therapy , Dementia, Vascular/therapy , Interferon-gamma , Interleukin-10 , Interleukin-4 , Neuroinflammatory Diseases , Rats, Wistar , Th2 Cells , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
11.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 145-152, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922577

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of electro-acupuncture (EA) on vasomotor symptoms in rats with acute cerebral infarction, by observing the changes in the expression of factors related to the phosphatidylinositol (PI) system.@*METHODS@#Forty-two Wistar rats were randomly divided into 3 groups by a random number table: the control group (n=6), the model group (n=18) and the EA group (n=18). The EA group was given EA treatment at Shuigou (GV 26) instantly after modeling with middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) method, while the model and control groups were not given any treatment. The degrees of neurological deficiency were evaluated using neurological severity scores (NSS) and the brain blood flow was evaluated by a laser scanning confocal microscope. Western blot analysis was conducted to detect the expression levels of G-protein subtype (Gq) and calmodulin (CaM). Competition for protein binding was conducted to detect the expression level of inositol triphosphate (IP3). Thin layer quantitative analysis was conducted to detect the expression level of diacylglycerol (DAG). The expression level of intracellular concentration of free calcium ion ([Ca@*RESULTS@#The NSS of the model group was significantly higher than the control group at 3 and 6 h after MCAO (P<0.01), while the EA group was significantly lower than the model group at 6 h (P<0.01). The cerebral blood flow in the model group was significantly lower than the control group at 1, 3 and 6 h after MCAO (P<0.01), while for the EA group it was remarkably higher than the model group at the same time points (P<0.01). The expressions of Gq, CaM, IP3, DAG and [Ca@*CONCLUSION@#EA treatment at GV 26 can effectively decrease the over-expression of related factors of PI system in rats with acute cerebral infarction, improve cerebral autonomy movement, and alleviate cerebral vascular spasm.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Acupuncture Therapy , Brain Ischemia , Cerebral Infarction/therapy , Electroacupuncture , Phosphatidylinositols , Rats, Wistar
12.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2556-2564, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879160

ABSTRACT

Based on the heat-clearing and detoxifying effects of Gentianae Radix et Rhizoma, the network pharmacology is mainly used to predict the potential targets of Gentianae Radix et Rhizoma for anti-inflammatory activity and to perform the experimental verification. A method for detecting the biological potency of Gentianae Radix et Rhizoma based on verifiable targets has been established to provide a reference for improving the quality evaluation and control standards of Gentianae Radix et Rhizoma. High performance liquid chromatography can be used to construct chemical fingerprints of different batches of Gentianae Radix et Rhizoma. Constructing a component-target-disease network of Gentianae Radix et Rhizoma for its anti-inflammatory activity was applied to screen potential anti-inflammatory components and related targets of Gentianae Radix et Rhizoma, and to verify the target of Gentianae Radix et Rhizoma by using biological evaluation methods. Detecting the biological potency of different batches of Gentianae Radix et Rhizoma extracts was used to inhibit COX-2 enzyme activity based the verifiable target cyclooxygenase-2(COX-2). The results showed that different batches of Gentianae Radix et Rhizoma accorded with the pharmacopoeia testing regulations, and the chemical fingerprints have a high similarity(similarity>0.93), suggesting that there is no significant difference in the characteristics of the chemical components. Based on network pharmacology predictions, 18 candidate targets were found to have potential direct interactions with the ingredients in Gentianae Radix et Rhizoma. Among them, the most important target is COX-2. Based on the experimental verification of recombinant human COX-2 protease activity inhibition, Gentianae Radix et Rhizoma can inhibit the COX-2 enzyme activity in a dose-dependent manner. It can function with a low concentration(0.75 mg·mL~(-1)), which preliminarily confirmed the accuracy of network pharmacology prediction. The biological potency detection method of Gentianae Radix et Rhizoma based on COX-2 inhibitory activity was optimized and established. The qualitative response parallel line method was used to calculate the biological potency of anti-inflammatory activity, which ranged from 23.04 to 46.60 U·mg~(-1). For network pharmacology prediction, it can screen and clarify the possible targets of traditional Chinese medicine rapidly, which can guide the establishment of a biological evaluation method for the quality of medicinal materials with related activities. Compared with chemical fingerprints, the biological potency testing can better detect quality fluctuations of traditional Chinese medicine.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/pharmacology , Biological Assay , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Quality Control , Rhizome
13.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1510-1516, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922287

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the role of follicular helper T cell (Tfh)/ follicular regulatory T cell (Tfr) imbalance in B-cell lymphoma (BCL).@*METHODS@#Sixteen BCL patients who were admitted to the Department of Hematology of The First People's Hospital of Yichang and 20 healthy people from December 2019 to November 2020 were enrolled and respectively divided into observation group and control group. The levels of Tfh and Tfr in peripheral blood were detected by flow cytometry. The changes of Tfh, Tfr, and Tfh/Tfr ratio were compared and the relationship between Tfh/Tfr ratio and efficacy, prognosis was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the healthy controls, Tfh and Tfh/Tfr ratio in peripheral blood of the BCL patients increased (P<0.05, P<0.01), while levels of Tfr was decreased (P<0.01). After chemotherapy, Tfh and Tfh/Tfr ratio in peripheral blood of the BCL patients decreased significantly than before chemotherapy (P<0.01), but Tfr was no significant difference. Multivariate analysis showed that Tfh and Tfh/Tfr ratio were positively correlated with international prognostic index (IPI) score and Ann Arbor stage (r=0.626, 0.564, 0.573, 0.608, respectively), while Tfr negatively (r=-0.504, -0.542, respectively). According to the average value of Tfh/Tfr ratio at initial diagnosis, BCL patients were divided into Tfh/Tfr high ratio group and low ratio group. It was found that the complete remission (CR) rate, overall response rate (ORR), and survival time in the high ratio group were significantly lower than the low ratio group (P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#There is an imbalance of Tfh/Tfr ratio in peripheral blood of the BCL patients, and those with a high Tfh/Tfr ratio have lower CR, ORR and shorter survival time.


Subject(s)
Humans , Flow Cytometry , Lymphoma, B-Cell , T Follicular Helper Cells , T-Lymphocytes, Helper-Inducer , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory
14.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 1037-1040, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921992

ABSTRACT

Clinical practice of Medical Genetics involves application of various genetic techniques for the diagnosis of genetic disorders and subsequent genetic counseling and treatment. The principles of Medical Ethics must be fully taken into account when applying genetic knowledge for medical practice. Medical Ethics education is therefore essential for the standardized training of resident doctors in medical genetics department. With a basic system of Medical Genetics Physician Training established, our hospital has made a preliminary exploration for the development of Medical Ethics teaching in resident training through various teaching practices including seminar, network teaching, case study, scene teaching and outpatient teaching, with an aim to strengthen Medical Ethnics knowledge, professionalism and communication skills, and implement Medical Ethics principles throughout clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Humans , Curriculum , Educational Status , Ethics, Medical , Genetics, Medical
15.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B ; (12): 53-63, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010515

ABSTRACT

In manned deep-space exploration, extremely isolated environments may adversely affect the mood and cognition of astronauts. Horticultural plants and activities have been proven to be effective in improving their physical, psychological, and cognitive states. To assess the effects of applying horticultural plants and activities in isolated environments, this study investigated the influence of viewing strawberry plants on the mood of people in a laboratory experiment as indicated by heart rate, salivary cortisol, and psychological scales. The results showed that heart rate and salivary cortisol were significantly decreased after viewing strawberry plants for 15 min. "Tension" and "confusion" scored using the Profile of Mood States negative mood subscales, and anxiety levels measured using the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory scale were also significantly reduced. This study further explored the impact of viewing strawberry plants on cognition. A notable reduction of the subjects' reaction time after 15-min plant viewing was observed. Based on these findings, a long-duration isolated experiment in a bioregenerative life support system-"Lunar Palace I"-was conducted. A similar trend was obtained that crew members' mood states were improved by viewing the strawberry plants, but no significant change was observed. This study provided some experimental evidence for the benefits of interacting with strawberry plants in isolated environments.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Affect , Cognition , Emotions , Environment , Fragaria , Heart Rate , Hydrocortisone/analysis , Saliva/chemistry
16.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 726-2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876181

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the epidemiological characteristics of COVID-19 epidemic in Huangpu District of Shanghai, and to provide scientific evidence for prevention and control of COVID-19. Methods Descriptive statistics were used to study the suspected and confirmed cases of COVID-19 reported from January 21 through March 10, 2020 in Huangpu District, Shanghai. Results A total of 120 suspected cases of COVID-19 were reported, of which 12 were diagnosed and 108 were excluded.The first confirmed case was reported on January 21, and the last case was on February 10; the majority (11/12) of the confirmed cases were reported from January 21 through February 1.The average duration of time from the symptom onset to the first medical visit was 2.6 days, whereas the average duration from the first medical visit to the hospital diagnosis was 2.2 days.There were 15 suspected cases with a confirmed history of residence or tourism in Wuhan, in which 6 were confirmed cases.Moreover, 5 suspected cases had a confirmed history of contact with other confirmed cases, in which 3 were confirmed cases.Thus, exposure in Wuhan and exposure to confirmed cases were the most significant risk factors at this stage of the epidemic. Conclusion The 12 cases identified in Huangpu District of Shanghai are all adults, half of whom had confirmed history of exposure in Wuhan.The first cluster of COVID-19 cases in Shanghai is documented in Huangpu District.Epidemiological investigation reveals that the confirmed cases might be infectious the day before the symptom onset.

17.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3233-3237, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828453

ABSTRACT

This paper introduces the application and financing of programs of efficacy material base of traditional Chinese medicine funded by the National Natural Science Foundation of China(NSFC), the Youth Science Fund and the Regional Science Fund from 2016 to 2019, and conducts analysis and summary in terms of research objects and analysis methods, with the aim to provide reference for applicants for programs of efficacy material base of traditional Chinese medicine.


Subject(s)
China , Financial Management , Foundations , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Natural Science Disciplines
18.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4648-4652, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008241

ABSTRACT

Five sesquiterpenoids were isolated from 90% ethanol extract of Croton yunnanensis by silica gel,Sephadex LH-20 column chromatography,as well as prep-HPLC methods. Based on MS,1 D and 2 D NMR spectral analyses,the structures of the five compounds were identified as 11-methoxyl alismol(1),6β,7β-epoxy-4α-hydroxyguaian-10-ene(orientalol C,2),multisalactone D(3),arvestonol(4),and 4,5-dihydroblumenol A(5). Compound 1 was a new guaiane-type sesquiterpenoid. Compounds 2-4 were isolated from the Croton genus for the first time,and compound 5 was obtained from this plant for the first time.


Subject(s)
Croton , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Molecular Structure , Sesquiterpenes , Sesquiterpenes, Guaiane
19.
Chinese Medical Sciences Journal ; (4): 256-262, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008975

ABSTRACT

Objective Neuraxial block is the most common anesthesia method for cesarean section (CS). However, for some urgent and high-risk cesarean delivery, general anesthesia (GA) also plays a very important role. We aimed to find out the reasons of choosing GA for CS in our center and the factors that may be related to the maternal and fetal outcomes. Methods We retrospectively selected parturients who had CS procedures under GA in Peking Union Medical College Hospital from January 1, 2014 to December 31, 2016. Clinical data (baseline maternal status, preoperative status, perioperative information, maternal and fetal outcomes) of parturients and neonates were collected and analyzed. We summarized the common reasons for applying general anesthesia, and compared the back-to-ICU ratio and hospital stay time between parturients with different maternal American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) grade, gestational weeks and intraoperative blood loss, as well as the fetal one-minute Apgar score between different maternal ASA grade and gestational weeks. Results There were 98 cases of CS under GA enrolled in the study. Among the maternal and fetal factors, pregnancy with internal or surgical diseases is the most common reason (59 cases, 60.2%) for choosing GA, followed by the placenta and fetal membrane abnormalities (38 cases, 38.8%) and the pregnancy-specific disorders (36 cases, 36.7%). ASA grade Ⅲ-Ⅳ of parturients (χ 2=44.3, P<0.05), gestation period < 37 weeks (χ 2=23.4, P<0.05), and blood loss > 800 ml (χ 2=5.5, P<0.05) were related to the higher postoperative intensive care unit (ICU) rate in parturients. ASA grade Ⅲ-Ⅳ of parturients (t=-2.99, P<0.05), gestation period < 37 weeks (t=2.47, P<0.05) were related to the longer hospital stay. ASA grade Ⅲ-Ⅳ of parturients (t=2.21, P=0.01) and gestation period < 37 weeks (t=-3.21, P=0.002) were related to the lower one-minute Apgar score of neonates. Conclusion Pregnancy with internal or surgical diseases is the most common reason for choosing GA for CS. High ASA grade and short gestation period were the related factors of high postoperative ICU ratio for parturients and low one-minute Apgar score for neonates.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Female , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Middle Aged , Pregnancy , Young Adult , Anesthesia, General , Apgar Score , Blood Loss, Surgical , Cesarean Section , Retrospective Studies
20.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 446-453, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774833

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Adhesion, biofilm formation, yeast-hyphal transition, secretion of enzymes, and hemolytic activity are all considered important factors in Candida tropicalis infection. However, DNA sequence data for this pathogen are limited. In this study, the polymorphism and heterogeneity of genes agglutinin-like sequences (ALS)2, Lipase (LIP)1, LIP4, and secretory aspartyl proteinase tropicalis (SAPT)1-4 as well as the relationship between phenotype and genotype were analyzed.@*METHODS@#This study started in August 2013, and ended in July 2017. The complete length of ALS2, LIP1, LIP4, and SAPT1-4 of 68 clinical C. tropicalis isolates was sequenced. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) as well as insertions and deletions (indels) were identified within these genes. In addition, phenotypic characteristics of the virulent factors, including adhesion and the secretion of aspartyl proteinases and phospholipases, were determined.@*RESULTS@#There were 73, 24, 17, 16, 13, and 180 SNPs in the genes LIP1, LIP4, SAPT1, SAPT2, SAPT3, and SAPT4, respectively. Furthermore, 209 SNPs were identified in total for the gene ALS2. Interestingly, large fragment deletions and insertions were also found in ALS2. Isolate FXCT 01 obtained from blood had deletions on all 4 sites and showed the lowest adhesion ability on the polymethylpentene surface. In addition, isolates with deletions in the regions 1697 to 1925 and 2073 to 2272 bp displayed relatively low abilities for adhesion and biofilm formation, and this phenotype correlated with the deletions found in ALS2. LIP1, SAPT4, and ALS2 displayed great heterogeneity among the isolates. Large deletions found in gene ALS2 appeared to be associated with the low ability of adhesion and biofilm formation of C. tropicalis.@*CONCLUSION@#This study might be useful for deeper explorations of gene function and studying the virulent mechanisms of C. tropicalis.


Subject(s)
Bacterial Adhesion , Biofilms , Candida tropicalis , Genetics , Virulence , Lipase , Genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Virulence , Genetics
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